Coil Spring Bias Patents (Class 248/483)
  • Patent number: 11007940
    Abstract: A detachable rear-view mirror includes an exterior component, an interior component, and a strap. The exterior component includes a mirror portion that is coupled to a reflective surface and an exterior strap attachment portion that is connected to a strap, and is shaped such that the mirror portion is adapted to be detachably mounted to an exterior of a door of a vehicle and the exterior strap attachment portion is adapted to be inserted into a window channel of the door. The interior component includes an interior strap attachment portion and a window frame portion, and is adapted to be inserted into the window channel and the window frame portion is adapted to be detachably mounted to a window frame of the door. The strap includes a first end connected to the exterior strap attachment portion and a second end connected to the interior strap attachment portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 18, 2021
    Inventor: August Harris
  • Patent number: 10788662
    Abstract: A portable surface finishing device based on coherent light source includes a cover, a laser source, an optical calibrating module and a laser scanning module. The cover includes a beam output opening. The laser source is disposed in the cover, and is for providing a laser beam. The optical calibrating module is disposed in the cover, and the laser beam passes through the optical calibrating module. The laser scanning module is disposed in the cover, and the laser beam from the optical calibrating module passes through the laser scanning module so as to linearly output on a target surface. The laser scanning module includes a multifaceted reflective structure, a rotation driving mechanism and an F-theta lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2020
    Assignee: NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: An-Chung Chiang, Yu-Chieh Lin, Yen-Yin Lin, Yuan-Yao Lin
  • Patent number: 10752175
    Abstract: An interior rearview mirror assembly for a vehicle includes a mounting structure configured to attach at an interior portion of the vehicle and a mirror head pivotally mounted at the mounting structure. The mirror head includes a mirror reflective element and a ball stud that pivotally mounts the mirror head at a socket element of the mounting structure. The ball stud is a metallic element having a base portion and a neck region that extends from the base portion, with a ball member at an end of the neck region distal from the base portion. The ball stud includes a passageway formed at least through the base portion and the neck region. A mounting portion is molded at least partially around the base portion to attach the ball stud at the mirror head. The passageway of the ball stud is at least partially filled with a polymeric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2020
    Assignee: MAGNA MIRRORS OF AMERICA, INC.
    Inventors: Rex E. Blakeman, Kevin M. Bentz, John C. Hamberg, Joel B. Wessely
  • Patent number: 9898113
    Abstract: Touch control module (13) with haptic feedback destined to be mounted on a control panel (5) of a motor vehicle via at least two fixing lugs (11) and fixation means wherein the fixation means comprise screws (1, 29) fastened to the control panel (5) perpendicular to the outer surface (7) of the control panel (5) for holding the touch control module (13) characterized in that silent blocks (9) are disposed between the fixing lugs (11) and the fixation means in that the fixation means comprise:—spacers (15) for pre-loading longitudinally the silent blocks (9) and,—retention means (17) for holding the spacers (15) in position on the screws (1, 29).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: DAV
    Inventors: Anthony Aubry, Stéphane Vanhelle, Fabio Pestarino
  • Patent number: 9862332
    Abstract: In an in-vehicle camera 1, when an in-vehicle camera body 5 is hooked on a hook portion 33 of a bracket 3 attached to a windshield, a leaf spring 34 presses the in-vehicle camera body 5 against the bracket 3 to fix the in-vehicle camera body to the bracket 3. Therefore, the in-vehicle camera body 5 can be attached to the windshield without permitting the windshield to come off from the vehicle by the bracket's being strongly pushed such as by a jig, or without permitting the jig to scratch the windshield. Since the in-vehicle camera body is fixed to the bracket 3 by being pressed against the bracket 3 by the leaf spring 34, there is no problem of causing backlash relative to the bracket 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventor: Syo Okuda
  • Patent number: 9434310
    Abstract: A carrier plate including mounting tabs. A cover including attachment sockets releasably engaging the mounting tabs. A spring clip carried in each of the attachment sockets releasably engaging the mounting tabs. A bezel extending around the carrier plate including a bezel lip extending along select portions of the bezel, and a cover lip receiving slot disposed along select portions of the bezel not including the bezel lip. A cover lip included on the cover extending along select portions of a perimeter edge of the cover, and a bezel lip receiving slot extending along select portions of the perimeter edge not including the cover lip. The cover lip is received into the cover lip receiving slot and the bezel lip is received into the bezel lip receiving slot for mounting the cover to the carrier plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2016
    Assignee: LANG-MEKRA NORTH AMERICA, LLC
    Inventors: Andreas Enz, Emmanuel Courbon, Mathieu Ihoste-Clos
  • Patent number: 8616606
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a glove and storage box assembly (1) which is located in vehicles, into which articles are placed, opened slowly and prevented from vibrating after being opened, has low production cost, does not resist while being dosed and does not make a sound during opening and closing. The inventive glove and storage box assembly (1) essentially comprises at least one shell (2) which has at least one clearance (3) providing access to the chamber formed in the vehicle cockpit in order that articles are placed on thereof and at least one cover (4) which is disposed on the shell (2) and ensures to access the clearance (3) from out-side by opening and closing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Tofas Turk Otomobil Fabrikasi Anonim Sirketi
    Inventor: Hasan Ayarturk
  • Patent number: 8413398
    Abstract: Ball pivot assemblies for mounting panels to a cable regardless of panel geometry or orientation include a ball pivot. The ball pivot includes geometry configured to enable a panel to pivot about the ball pivot in a plurality of orientations in a plurality of planes with respect to the cable. One or more implementations of the present invention can include a ball socket configured to receive the ball pivot, and provide a secure interface between the ball pivot assembly and the panel. Also, systems of at least one implementation of the present invention include a plurality of panels mounted to one or more cables using one or more ball pivot assemblies. In addition, one or more implementations of the present invention include methods of mounting panels using one or more ball pivot assemblies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: 3form, Inc.
    Inventors: Charles B. Allred, Brian Hillstrom, Guillaume Martin, Jeremy Porter
  • Patent number: 8201800
    Abstract: A rearview mirror assembly comprises a two-ball connector having at least one pivot ball thereon, a receiver having a plurality of fingers defining a ball receiving area, and a spring forming a circle. The spring is placed around the fingers of the receiver and the at least one pivot ball is placed into the ball receiving area of the receiver. The two-ball connector can be made of a high strength material and formed on a screw machine. The receiver does not experience a weight loss changing the torque force between ?40° Celsius and 85° Celsius, thereby substantially maintaining the torque force at a substantially constant level between ?40° Celsius and 85° Celsius.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2012
    Assignee: Gentex Corporation
    Inventor: Kenneth R. Filipiak
  • Patent number: 8157238
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a stay device for a vehicle comprising a mount having a ball formed protrudely on a front surface thereof and a wire passage formed therein and extended into the ball; a body coupled to the mount through the ball of the mount, the body having a wire passage formed therein; a plate spring provided for pressurizing the body; a body cover for wrapping the body and the plate spring; and a pivot ball assembly having a ball protrudely formed on a rear surface thereof, the pivot ball assembly being coupled to the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: SMR Patents S.a.r.l.
    Inventor: Kyung Jun Lee
  • Patent number: 8152124
    Abstract: An adjustable support arm for a vehicle exterior rearview mirror assembly comprising a holder base adapted for mounting to the vehicle; a holder pivotally carried on the holder base; a pivot control unit included in the holder for engaging the holder base to resist rotation of the holder on the holder base; the pivot control unit including: a compression spring disposed within a retainer opening of the holder; a bushing carried on the compression spring for engaging a bearing surface in the retainer opening; and, a retainer carried in the retainer opening and coupled to the holder base to retain the compression spring and the bushing in the retainer opening, wherein the retainer is constructed and arranged to direct the bushing laterally against the bearing surface and the compression spring biases the bushing against the retainer in sliding engagement to resist rotation of the holder on the holder base.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Lang-Mekra North America, LLC
    Inventor: Michael Dean Branham
  • Publication number: 20110031370
    Abstract: A novel handlebar mounting device structured to mount to a mirror mount receiver on a handlebar where a mirror mounting stem supporting a mirror normally resides. The novel handlebar mounting device includes a pivot arm having a pivot base and a coupler interface with therebetween a pivot joint having an adjustable rotational stiffness. The pivot joint is formed of an arm and a hub relatively rotatably suspended therefrom, an elastomeric interface between the arm and the hub, and a means for compressing the elastomeric interface between the arm and the hub. A coupler component is formed on the coupler interface. A connector is adapted for securing the pivot base to a mirror mount receiver on a handlebar where a mirror mounting stem supporting a mirror normally resides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2009
    Publication date: February 10, 2011
    Inventor: Jeffrey D. Carnevali
  • Patent number: 7862189
    Abstract: A mirror device for observing an infant in a rear-facing child safety car seat secured to the rear seat of a vehicle including a front seating area, a rear seating area, and a rear seat within the rear seating area, the rear seat having an upwardly-extending headrest. The mirror device includes a mirror and backing assembly having a rear surface, and an attachment connected to the rear surface for attaching the mirror device to the headrest. The attachment in turn includes a swivel device having a concavity element including a first bowl-like structure having a concave working surface; and a corresponding convexity element including a second bowl-like structure having a convex working surface configured to engage the concave working surface. The concavity and convexity elements are frictionally maintained in a desired adjusted position with reference to each other, while at the same time permitting manual adjustment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2011
    Assignee: BRICA, Inc.
    Inventor: Lawrence O. Freese
  • Patent number: 7784953
    Abstract: An apparatus includes a mirror head assembly including a rearwardly-extending ball section, and a mirror support assembly including a tube having a larger-diameter mid-section and a smaller-diameter tapered end section. A socket on the mirror support assembly, when in the end section, captures the ball section with friction to permit angular adjustment but with enough friction to maintain a selected angular position. A spring biases the socket from the mid-section into the end section, but is compressible so that assembly is possible by pressing the ball section against the socket, causing the socket to move from the end section into the mid-section where the ball section snaps into the socket. It is conceived that the ball section and socket components can be reversed, and also that the mirror support assembly can include a two-ball mount, with a ball-and-socket connection at each end.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2010
    Assignee: Gentex Corporation
    Inventors: Wayne Rumsey, John W. Carter
  • Patent number: 7281693
    Abstract: A ball head assembly has a holding base, a clamping collar, a ball, a holder and an anti-escape mechanism. The anti-escape mechanism is mounted on the holding base, is connected to the ball and has a supporting rod, a supporting block, a dragging member and a nut. The supporting rod extends through the bottom of the holding base and has a spherical end rotatably connected to the ball and a threaded end. The supporting block is mounted around the supporting rod and rotatably mates with the bottom of the holding base. The dragging member is mounted around the supporting rod and has a first end abutting against the supporting block and a second end. The nut is screwed onto the threaded end of the supporting rod and abuts against the second end of the dragging member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2007
    Inventor: Ta-Ching Chou
  • Publication number: 20030160146
    Abstract: A rearview mirror mounting assembly comprises a mounting arm which is pivotally secured to a mounting base and may be further pivotally attached to an accessory or an interior rearview mirror. The mounting arm comprises a ball receiving portion for receiving and pivotally engaging a ball member on the mounting base. The ball receiving portion tightly engages the ball member in response to a biasing force exerted on the ball receiving socket by a biasing member within the mounting arm. The biasing member is aligned and guided within the mounting arm via at least one confinement member, such as an annular guide portion, extending longitudinally within the arm and surrounding at least one substantially flat or planar surface, which the biasing member engages. Preferably, one of the surfaces is rigidly secured to the arm, thereby reducing potential vibration between the arm and the interior rearview mirror.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2003
    Publication date: August 28, 2003
    Applicant: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventor: Jonathan E. DeLine
  • Patent number: 6550923
    Abstract: A mirror surface angle adjusting device is provided which can be used at both left and right outer mirror devices of a vehicle. At a mirror driving unit, positional relationships between respective points (fulcrum of swinging A1 and A2, first adjusting points B1 and B2, second adjusting points C1 and C2, first mounting points D1 and D2, second mounting points E1 and E2, and third mounting points F1 and F2) are set such that the points have line symmetry with respect to 45° direction reference lines P1, P2. Accordingly, from a functional standpoint as well, there are no obstacles at a time of mounting, and as a result, a same type of mirror driving unit can be used at both a left door mirror device and a right door mirror device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2003
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai-Rika-Denki-Seisakusho
    Inventors: Masato Sakamoto, Yoshio Tsujiuchi, Morihiko Ogasawara
  • Patent number: 6540193
    Abstract: A rearview mirror mounting assembly comprises a mounting arm which is pivotally secured to a mounting base and may be further pivotally attached to an accessory or an interior rearview mirror. The mounting arm comprises a ball receiving portion for receiving and pivotally engaging a ball member on the mounting base. The ball receiving portion tightly engages the ball member in response to a biasing force exerted on the ball receiving socket by a biasing member within the mounting arm. The biasing member is aligned and guided within the mounting arm via at least one confinement member, such as an annular guide portion, extending longitudinally within the arm and surrounding at least one substantially flat or planar surface, which the biasing member engages. Preferably, one of the surfaces is rigidly secured to the arm, thereby reducing potential vibration between the arm and the interior rearview mirror.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventor: Jonathan E. DeLine
  • Publication number: 20030047660
    Abstract: Disclosed is a positioner for transmitting movement in up to six degrees-of-freedom to an object on the positioner, the positioner comprising a base plate, a first plate mounted on the base plate by a first mechanical linkage, a first actuator arrangement for moving the first plate, a second plate mounted on the first plate by a second mechanical linkage, a second actuator arrangement for moving the second plate, and a holder attached to the second plate for mounting the object. One of the first and second plates is movable in a plane in up to three degrees-of-freedom, and the other of the first and second plates is movable in up to three degrees-of-freedom that are out of the plane. It is also possible to add an additional plate, including an actuator arrangement for moving the additional plate, mounted by a mechanical linkage between the second plate and the holder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2001
    Publication date: March 13, 2003
    Inventors: Robert Gaunt, Scott Roberts, Andre Anthony
  • Publication number: 20020088916
    Abstract: An interior rearview mirror assembly for vehicles incorporates a rearview mirror mount, a rearview mirror, and a rearview mirror support. The support is pivotally attached to the mirror mount by a first pivot element, and to the rearview mirror by a second pivot element. The mirror mount, support, a rearview mirror housing, and the pivot elements are each formed by molding from polymeric material having a respective color. In various embodiments, the colors may all be substantially the same, such as black, gray, tan, brown, burgundy, green, or another color, or may be different. In one form, the rearview mirror housing includes at least one electrical accessory. Electrical conductors may extend through the pivot elements and mirror support to the rearview mirror housing to provide an electrical connection for the electrical accessory to the vehicle electrical system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2001
    Publication date: July 11, 2002
    Inventors: Philip A. March, Andrew D. Weller, Timothy G. Skiver, Mark R. Brummel, Niall R. Lynam
  • Patent number: 6364496
    Abstract: A rearview mirror assembly having a pivot structure and first and second pairs of helical structures consisting of shape memory alloy wires which serve to adjust the position of the mirror. The wires may be individually heated by conducting an electrical current to effect the contracted memory position. When the current is switched off, a wire cools and can easily be stretched to mechanically transform the wire to a martensitic phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Magna Mirror Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Ian Boddy, Keith D. Foote, James A. Ruse
  • Patent number: 6179428
    Abstract: An arrangement for a rearview mirror for an automotive vehicle utilized for towing a trailer is provided and includes a base support for connection to the vehicle; a single support arm having a first end connected with the base support, the support arm having a plurality of opposing indentions axially separated from one another on the support arm; a mirror housing, having a closed front end and an open rear end, and a side end adjacent the vehicle with an aperture to receive the support arm therethrough; upper and lower spring supports mounted within the mirror housing oriented towards an indention; a first and second springs mounted by the spring supports; a first detent ball biased towards the indentions in the support arm by the first spring to capture a position of the mirror housing upon the support arm; a second detent ball biased towards the indentions in the support arm by the second spring to capture the position of the mirror housing on the support arm; a stop mounted on the support arm to prevent t
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2001
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler Corporation
    Inventor: Craig R. Krass
  • Patent number: 6059415
    Abstract: The rearview mirror, especially for an automobile, has an improved retention device for holding the mirror in a predetermined fixed position. This retention device (6) includes at least one fixing element for securing the mirror supporting arm (3) in a predetermined fixed position relative to its base (4). The fixing element or elements project from an internal surface of the holding member (40) or project from the pivot (30) provided on the supporting arm (3) and each include an elastic element (61) pressing in a radial direction from the holding member (40) toward the pivot (34) or from the pivot (34) to the holding member (40) and a corresponding recess (62) provided in the pivot (30) or in the holding member in which each elastic element (61) engages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2000
    Assignee: Metagal Industria e Comercio Ltda
    Inventors: Ricardo Poveda Moreno, Fabio Koiti Anze, Paulo Roberto Milani
  • Patent number: 6036160
    Abstract: A support structure for a motorcycle's rearview mirror is constructed so as to dampen any vibrations which would normally be transmitted to the rearview mirror, and to reduce the risk of rattling noises in the rearview mirror assembly. The support structure includes a mirror stay, in the form of an elongated tubular extension, which serves to distance the rearview mirror from the motorcycle. One end of the mirror stay is connected to the motorcycle through a mirror stay supporting structure, which allows the mirror stay to rotate within a limited range. A rearview mirror housing is connected to the other end of the mirror stay. The connection between the mirror stay and the rearview mirror housing is accomplished by a rearview mirror main body supporting structure. The rearview mirror main body supporting structure allows the mirror housing to assume various orientations relative to the mirror stay.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Keikichi Shimokobe, Yoshiteru Kinoshita, Kunihiro Osada, Osamu Sato
  • Patent number: 5943176
    Abstract: An external rearview mirror for motor vehicles includes a support having a spherical inner support surface and a mirror holder pivotably connected to the support. At least one guide element for supporting the mirror holder in a selected position relative to the support is provided. The at least one guide element has a curved outer surface resting at the spherical inner support surface. At least one spring for securing face-to-face the curved outer surface of the at least one guide element at the spherical inner support surface is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 24, 1999
    Assignee: Reitter & Schefenacker GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Jens Mertens
  • Patent number: 5703731
    Abstract: A vehicle mirror assembly comprising a housing assembly, a mirror unit, a support assembly to support the housing assembly thereon, a power operated pivot assembly between the support assembly and the housing assembly to enable the housing assembly to be pivoted with respect to the support assembly about a generally upright axis (1) between an operative position and a folded position in response to the power operation of the pivot assembly and (2) from the operative position thereof in either direction in response to an unwanted impact blow applied in either direction thereto. A spring biased pivotal control system is disposed between a movable tubular member of the pivot assembly and the support assembly to provide a control resistance to pivotal movement of the movable tubular member and hence the housing assembly connected thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1997
    Assignee: Lowell Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Ian Boddy, Matthew D. Potts, Keith D. Foote
  • Patent number: 5703732
    Abstract: A vehicle mirror assembly comprising a housing assembly, a mirror unit, a support assembly to support the housing assembly, a power operated pivot assembly between the support assembly and the housing assembly to enable the housing assembly to be pivoted with respect to the support assembly about a generally upright axis (1) between an operative position and a folded position in response to the power operation of the pivot assembly and (2) from the operative position thereof in either direction in response to an unwanted impact blow applied in either direction thereto. A spring biased pivotal control system is disposed between a movable tubular member of the pivot assembly and the support assembly to provide a control resistance to pivotal movement of the movable tubular member and hence the housing assembly connected thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 30, 1997
    Assignee: Lowell Engineering Corporation
    Inventors: Ian Boddy, Matthew D. Potts, Keith D. Foote, James Ruse
  • Patent number: 5684646
    Abstract: A vehicle mirror assembly comprises a housing assembly and a mirror unit mounted on the housing assembly. A support assembly is provided which is constructed and arranged to be fixedly mounted on a vehicle and to support the housing assembly thereon in an operative position extending laterally outwardly from the vehicle so that the mirror unit serves as an exterior rear view mirror for the driver of the vehicle. A power operated pivot assembly is provided between the support assembly and the housing assembly constructed and arranged to enable the housing assembly to be pivoted with respect to the support assembly about a generally upright axis (1) between the operative position thereof and a folded position with respect to the vehicle in response to the power operation of the pivot assembly and (2) from the operative position thereof in either direction in response to an unwanted impact blow applied in either direction thereto.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Lowell Engineering Corporation
    Inventor: Ian Boddy
  • Patent number: 5629810
    Abstract: An automotive exterior mirror assembly being comprised of a mirror which is held in place and adjusted through a hand set adjustment mechanism which, in turn, is fastened to a bracket; the bracket is attached to an aesthetically pleasing shell. The hand set adjustment mechanism is a low profile assembly, having all of its components mounted from one side. The components are a base, a pivot cup, a sleeve, a retainer, a spring, and a spring retainer. The hand set adjustment mechanism has a partially spherical base with a post centrally extending therefrom for compressibly mounting a pivot cup thereupon. The post extends between the inside of the base and the backside of the mirror casing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: United Technologies Automotive, Inc.
    Inventors: William M. Perry, Kerry L. Helmer
  • Patent number: 5557476
    Abstract: A foldable outside rearview mirror assembly includes a shaft arranged on an extending portion of the base, a frame having an and plate rotatably inserted into a root portion of the shaft, a mirror housing secured on the frame, a positioning device is mounted on the periphery of the shaft, a first washer is arranged at the upper portion of the positioning device, a second washer is secured on the upper end of the shaft, and a coil spring is arranged around the outer periphery of the shaft between the first and the second washers. The positioning device has a plate connected to the shaft in locking the rotation thereof, several convex portions provided on the same circumference of the plate, and several concaves formed at the frame end plate to insertingly engage with the convex portions. Thereby the frame of the outside rearview mirror is prevented from moving vertically and the chattering is not caused on the mirror surface at the time of the outside mirror foldably rotates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 17, 1996
    Assignee: Eiji Murakami
    Inventor: Katsuyoshi Oishi
  • Patent number: 5520063
    Abstract: A displacement mechanism of a motor vehicle inside rearview mirror having a mirror plate mounted on the frame which is articulated on the lower end of a supporting arm having an upper end connected to an inside ceiling of the motor vehicle, the displacement mechanism comprises an axis provided in the lever, a transverse crankshaft supportable on the frame, a sphere provided on a lower end of the supporting arm, a trapezoidal plate having a smaller base which is turned downward and is coupled to an inside end of the axis, the trapezoidal plate having an intermediate region mounted on the transverse crankshaft, the trapezoidal plate having a central region provided for the sphere, the trapezoidal plate having an upper bigger base articulatable on the frame, the transverse crankshaft being somewhat resilient and including a longer intermediate segment which crosses transversely the trapezoidal plate and is articulated on it and short biased segments extending from ends of the intermediate segment and having end
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1996
    Assignee: Metagal Industria e Comercio Ltda.
    Inventor: Antonio F. d. E. Santo
  • Patent number: 5487522
    Abstract: A mirror assembly for use in vehicles having a support bracket which provides an adjustment mechanism to position the mirror under a substantially constant clamping pressure over a wide range of ambient temperature conditions. The support bracket includes a generally spherical socket which receives a polymeric ball cup substantially enclosing a ball member extending from the mirror. A spring forces the cup and ball member into the socket and causes the polymeric cup to compress about the ball member. The bracket may be used on both header- and windshield-mounted mirror assemblies, and may include an adjustable clamping member forming a portion of the socket whereby the clamping pressure may be further adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 30, 1996
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventor: Richard R. Hook
  • Patent number: 5467222
    Abstract: A foldable outside rearview mirror assembly includes a shaft arranged on an extending portion of a base, a frame having an end plate rotatably inserted into a root portion of the shaft, a mirror housing secured on the frame, a positioning device is mounted on the periphery of the shaft, a first washer is arranged at the upper portion of the positioning device, a second washer is secured on the upper end of the shaft, and a coil spring is arranged around the outer periphery of the shaft between the first and the second washers. The positioning device has a plate connected to the shaft in locking the rotation thereof, several convex portions provided on the same circumference of the plate, and several concaves formed at the frame end plate to insertingly engage with the convex portions. Thereby the frame of the outside rearview mirror is prevented from moving vertically and the chattering is not caused on the mirror surface at the time of the outside mirror foldably rotates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Eiji Murakami
    Inventor: Katsuyoshi Oishi
  • Patent number: 5384660
    Abstract: A foldable outside rearview mirror assembly includes a shaft arranged on an extending portion of a base, a frame having an end plate rotatably inserted into a root portion of the shaft, a mirror housing secured on the frame, a positioning device is mounted on the periphery of the shaft, a first washer is arranged at the upper portion of the positioning device, a second washer is secured on the upper end of the shaft, and a coil spring is arranged around the outer periphery of the shaft between the first and the second washers. The positioning device has a plate connected to the shaft in locking the rotation thereof, several convex portions provided on the same circumference of the plate, and several concaves formed at the frame end plate to insertingly engage with the convex portions. Thereby the frame of the outside rearview mirror is prevented from moving vertically and the chattering is not caused on the mirror surface at the time of the outside mirror foldably rotates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 24, 1995
    Assignee: Eiji Murakami
    Inventor: Katsuyoshi Oishi
  • Patent number: 5377949
    Abstract: A breakaway accessory mounting assembly for supporting rearview mirrors or other accessories on vehicles includes a coupler for installation on a base of the type secured to the inside windshield surface or another vehicle panel. The coupler has a support for mounting the rearview mirror or other accessory and a spring clamp retaining band extending around the coupler, preferably within a corresponding shaped recess, at a position spaced from and independent of the accessory support for releasably holding the coupler on the base until an impact force causes the assembly to release from the base. The spring clamp retaining band includes a pair of converging, inwardly angled, spaced spring flanges which project from the coupler to resiliently engage the base sides and allow both sliding installation and release of the assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventors: Theodore M. Haan, Edward R. Adams, Wayne Vandenbrink
  • Patent number: 5363246
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a power pack for an exterior automotive mirror assembly having a central depression in its upper housing whereby a large diameter pivot cup can be used. The pivot cup, of this power pack, is separate from the mirror casing and is retained by a unique spring retainer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 8, 1994
    Assignee: United Technologies Automotive, Inc.
    Inventors: William M. Perry, Kerry L. Helmer
  • Patent number: 5327288
    Abstract: A reduced vibration day/night rearview mirror assembly provides improved stability of the mirror assembly. The assembly preferably includes a molded mirror case, a prismatic mirror element, and a two piece actuator assembly which provides reduced vibratory movement between a mirror mounting bracket and the mirror assembly. The actuator assembly includes a toggle member and a pivot lever which pivotally interconnect. The toggle member has a pivot journal defined along at least a portion of a first side and has a pivot surface defined along at least a portion of a second, opposing side. The pivot lever has a pivot shaft for pivotally mounting the lever in the mirror case and has an open-sided pivot channel generally parallel to and spaced from the pivot shaft for receiving and pivotally engaging the pivot surface of the toggle member. The case has cooperating supports for receiving the pivot lever pivot shaft and a pivot axle for engaging the toggle member pivot journal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1991
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1994
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventors: James M. Wellington, Craig M. Miller, Edward R. Adams
  • Patent number: 5321556
    Abstract: The present invention is a vehicle safety rearview mirror assembly with distortion offset element and method of using the same. The rearview mirror assembly comprises an elongated convex mirror. The convex mirror is independently supported by a double-ball-joint shank and a mounting base affixed on the windshield of the vehicle. The present invention also provides a method to offset the distortion created by the convex mirror. The method combines a safety reference and a safety locker to tell the driver whether and when it is safe to change lanes or make turns. The safety reference includes two opposite end portions of the rearward visual field respectively prescribed by the side windows of the vehicle, and the safety locker includes the central portion of the extended rearward visual field respectively prescribed by the rear window of the vehicle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 14, 1994
    Inventor: Tobby F. Joe
  • Patent number: 5110196
    Abstract: A motor-powered adjustable rear view mirror for motor vehicles, particularly lorries, comprises a housing which supports and accommodates a mirror glass. Positioning drives are provided by means of which the housing can be pivoted and adjusted about two pivot axes which extend substantially at right angles to each other. In order to make the mirror of the simplest possible construction and so that it can be easily assembled and has a shallow but very stable design, each positioning drive is stationary in relation to the housing and is coupled via a slider-crank transmission to a base plate, the slider-crank transmission comprising a crank and a push rod connected thereto via a crank joint. The push rod is coupled to the base plate via a sliding bearing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1992
    Assignee: Mekra Rangau Plastics GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Heinrich Lang, Wolfgang Seiboth
  • Patent number: 5100095
    Abstract: A windshield mounted, vehicular accessory mounting assembly is adapted to be small and compact and to reduce occupant injuries upon impact. The assembly includes a base and a coupling member releasably mounted on the base. The coupling member includes a support for mounting a vehicle accessory such as a rearview mirror. A breakaway fastening assembly extends through an aperture in the base to allow separation of the coupling member and vehicle accessory from the base should an impact occur. A series of projections extend between the periphery of the base aperture and the coupling member and are received in corresponding recesses to position the coupling member, provide a stable, three point connection, and prevent its rotation unless it separates from the base. The assembly may also include a swivel support arm to allow adjustment of the accessory position and to further reduce injuries.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1991
    Date of Patent: March 31, 1992
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventors: Theodore M. Haan, Wayne Vandenbrink, Larry R. Magnuson, Robert L. Bingle
  • Patent number: 4981279
    Abstract: An adjustable rear view mirror for an automotive vehicle adapted to be mounted on a door and comprising a housing including a mounting flange at one end and an opening adjacent the other end, an end bracket in the housing, a mirror and a mounting mechanism supporting the mirror in the opening of the housing. The mounting mechanism comprises an adaptor connected to the mirror, a cup, a sleeve and a retainer. The adaptor includes a spherical portion having a slot. The cup is mounted on the end bracket, or alternatively, on the housing and engages the outer spherical portion of the adaptor. The sleeve has a rib on its outer surface and spaced from the rib is a groove on the inner surface of the sleeve. The sleeve engages the inner surface of the adaptor and is positioned so the rib is received in a slot of the adaptor. The retainer engages the inner surface of the sleeve and has a rib received in the groove of the sleeve. A spring yieldingly urges the retainer on the cup.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1991
    Assignee: Sheller-Globe Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph S. Andreas, Larry J. Harter, Charles A. Willoughby
  • Patent number: 4957359
    Abstract: A side view mirror assembly having a housing and a spring biased mirror installed within the housing, the mirror having its reflecting surface facing outwardly of the housing, and a mirror orientation adjusting assembly including a pair of nested hemispheres detachably engaged for limited movement one relative to the other, one of said hemispheres having the mirror secured thereto, a clamp including a high strength spring arranged to immobilize said hemispheres in an effectively locked condition, and an electromagnet disposed when energized to reduce the effective force of the spring on the clamp so as to permit limited movement of the mirror carrying hemisphere for adjusting the orientation thereof. A suitable switch is coupled between the electromagnet and the vehicle battery, the ignition switch of the vehicle being interposed between said first mentioned switch and the vehicle battery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 1989
    Date of Patent: September 18, 1990
    Assignee: Navistar International Transportation Corp.
    Inventors: James W. Kruse, Donald E. Riley
  • Patent number: 4936533
    Abstract: A vehicle accessory mounting assembly is disclosed for securely and stably supporting a rearview mirror or another vehicular accessory on the vehicle windshield or another vehicular surface without the need for an adjustable set screw. The assembly includes a support member slidably received on a base member by spaced sets of mating surfaces. A spring retainer on one of the base and support includes one retainer arm engaging and gripping an opposing, raised rib on the other member. A second retainer arm spaced from the first retainer arm urges the first arm against the rib. Spaced, raised contact areas are provided on the mating surfaces, while spaced sliding contact areas with a relieved area therebetween are provided on another contact surface to prevent movement and/or vibration between the base and support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 26, 1990
    Assignee: Donnelly Corporation
    Inventors: Edward R. Adams, Wayne Vandenbrink, Craig M. Miller
  • Patent number: 4934802
    Abstract: A relatively small convex mirror is retractably mounted to a housing, located at the roof-line of a vehicle at the center windshield area for movement between a use position extended from the housing to permit a front seat occupant to view the face of a rear seat occupant and a stored position retracted within the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1988
    Date of Patent: June 19, 1990
    Assignee: Prince
    Inventors: William J. Fluharty, Ronald A. Dykstra, Pat Binish
  • Patent number: 4925288
    Abstract: A mechanism (10) for adjustably mounting a laser mirror includes fixed and movable plates (20, 22) with a pivot assembly mounted therebetween. The mirror (44) is mounted on the movable plate (22). A pair of wedge structures interface between the two plates at locations spaced from the pivot assembly and function to vary the angle between the plates about the pivot assembly. In the preferred embodiment, the wedge structure includes a threaded screw (54) for driving a sphere (58) against an inclined plane (50). The assembly allows adjustment of the mirror face (46) about all axes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: Coherent, Inc.
    Inventor: John R. Harris
  • Patent number: 4877214
    Abstract: A holding device of a mirror element for rearview mirror includes an actuator unit for tiltably inclining a mirror, and a mirror element mounted through a pivot plate on the actuator unit. The mirror element has a mirror plate and a mirror holder, and an aperture of the size capable of engaging at least the central portion of the pivot plate at the center of the mirror holder. Hook type latch means is provided at the mirror holder and the upper portion of the pivot plate, and pawl engaging means utilizing undercuts are formed at the lower portion. The pivot plate is mounted by the supporting means of the actuator unit to form a subassembly. After the subassembly is fixed to the mirror body, the hook of the mirror element is engaged with the pivot plate, and the pawl is engaged while rotating the mirror element downward at the latch as a center to associate the mirror assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 31, 1989
    Assignee: Murakami Kaimeido Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kikuchi Toshiaki, Toshihiro Mochizuki, Yasutoshi Ito, Tohru Yamana
  • Patent number: 4867408
    Abstract: A device for holding a removable mirror plate of a rearview mirror for a motor vehicle and comprising a mirror holder for supporting the mirror plate, a holder plate for supporting the mirror holder, an assembly for tiltably supporting the holder plate and including a pivot provided on a surface of said holder plate and having upper and lower portions, a latch assembly located between the mirror holder and the holder plate at the upper portion of the pivot for latching the mirror holder to the holder plate, and a fixing assembly for fixing the mirror holder to the holder plate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1989
    Assignee: Murakami Kaimeido Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Tadahiko Ozaki
  • Patent number: 4824065
    Abstract: The invention relates to a rearview mirror having a mirror-holder casing, a fixed base, a connecting mechanism interposed between the casing and the base and members for guiding pivoting of the casing about a substantially vertical, forward-rearward axis and a substantially horizontal upward-downward axis. Friction bearing surfaces combined with the members for guiding pivoting of the casing cooperate to create friction couples resisting the pivoting. The rearview mirror futher has two distinct springs cooperating, respectively, with at least one bearing surface for guiding upward-downward pivoting and at least one bearing surface for guiding forward-rearward pivoting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1989
    Assignee: Societe Manzoni Bouchot
    Inventor: Stephane Manzoni
  • Patent number: 4764004
    Abstract: A connection arrangement for a mirror back supporting plate and a mirror support member in a mirror case for an automobile outer mirror assembly comprises a connecting portion of the mirror back supporting plate being held between a connecting portion of the mirror support member and a clutch member and these members being connected to each other by a connecting member. The connecting member extends through a through-hole of the clutch member and also through a through-hole of the mirror back supporting plate. After being passed through the through-holes, the connecting member is rotated 90 degrees about its axis so that it is mounted to the mirror back supporting plate. Therefore, the mirror back supporting plate and the mirror supporting member can be easily connected together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1988
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki Seisakusho
    Inventors: Takashi Yamada, Masaki Fujita, Toshikazu Ichino, Yoshio Tsujiuchi, Morihiko Ogasawara, Yoshihiro Kawai
  • Patent number: 4755033
    Abstract: An exterior rearview mirror for a motor vehicle has a housing mounted on a base member by means of a ball-and-socket joint comprising a socket formed in the base member and a convex member attached to the housing. The socket comprises the concave inner surface of a hollow part-spherical member. An arm has a concave surface formed on one end and adapted to engage with the convex outer surface of the part-spherical member. Resilient means are arranged to bias the arm towards the convex member so as to urge the concave surface on the arm against the convex outer surface of the part-spherical member and to urge the concave inner surface of the part-spherical member against the convex member, and release means on the other end of the arm are operable to reduce the friction resisting movement of the housing relative to the base member about the part-spherical member. Operation of the release means thus enables the orientation of the housing relative to the base member to be adjusted with relatively little effort.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 1987
    Date of Patent: July 5, 1988
    Assignee: Britax Wingard Limited
    Inventors: Peter J. Whitehead, Ian Boddy