Miscellaneous (e.g., Artificial Snow) Patents (Class 252/1)
  • Patent number: 10717682
    Abstract: A granular fertilizer product having at least two sources of boron having different solubilities to tailor boron availability during the entire growing season of a plant, while reducing the risk of boron toxicity. A first source of boron can include a sodium-based or highly water soluble boron compound such as sodium tetraborate and/or boric acid, while a second source of boron can include a calcium-based boron compound such as colemanite (CaB3O4(OH)3.(H2O)) (e.g. when the carrier fertilizer is N- or K-based) and/or boron phosphate (BPO4) (e.g. when the carrier fertilizer is P-based). The solubility of the first source of boron is higher than the solubility of the second source of boron such that the sources of boron have different release rates into the soil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: The Mosaic Company
    Inventors: Michael McLaughlin, Jozefien Degryse, Roslyn Baird, Rodrigo Coqui da Silva, Kyle Freeman, Thomas Fry
  • Patent number: 10717923
    Abstract: Various embodiments relate to compositions including a viscosifying non-ionic associative polymer for treatment of subterranean formations. In various embodiments, the present invention provides a method of treating a subterranean formation. The method includes placing in the subterranean formation a composition including a viscosifying non-ionic associative polymer including at least one hydrophilic block and at least one hydrophobic group that is at each occurrence an independently selected substituted or unsubstituted (C5-C50)hydrocarbyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 21, 2020
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Eli Allen Schnoor, Dipti Singh, Ali Alwattari
  • Patent number: 10676691
    Abstract: A candle holder comprises a housing for securing a candle; the housing including first thermochromic material formed on the housing and second thermochromic material formed on the thermochromic material. The first thermochromic material changes a perceivable state of the first thermochromic material when an ambient temperature of first thermochromic material is above a first pre-determined activation temperature, the perceivable state of the first thermochromic material being visually perceivable or non-visually perceivable. The second thermochromic material changes a perceivable state of the second thermochromic material when an ambient temperature of second thermochromic material is above a second pre-determined activation temperature, the perceivable state of the second thermochromic material being visually perceivable or non-visually perceivable. The perceivable state of the first thermochromic material is different from the perceivable state of the second thermochromic material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Inventor: Donald Douglas Little
  • Patent number: 10626119
    Abstract: This invention relates to a process of manufacturing cucurbituril and/or one or more derivatives thereof with low formaldehyde content and to the use of said cucurbituril and/or one or more derivatives thereof, in particular in consumer and industrial products, and in industrial processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2020
    Assignee: AQDOT LIMITED
    Inventors: Roger Coulston, David Diec, Guilherme Nogueira, Johannes Gerardus De Rooij
  • Patent number: 10577898
    Abstract: Methods including introducing a running fluid into a subterranean formation, the running fluid comprising a base fluid and a weighting agent and having a specific gravity in the range of about 1.05 to about 3.0, and a 600 rpm shear stress of less than about 26.3 Pa, wherein the 600 rpm shear stress is measured at a shear rate of 600 rpm and a temperature of about 48.9° C.; and running a tubular into the subterranean formation comprising the running fluid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Philip Wayne Livanec, Chesnee Lae Davis, William Walter Shumway
  • Patent number: 10513802
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are nanofibrillar materials and aerogel-like materials comprised of nanofibrils, and methods for making such materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2019
    Assignee: Tufts University
    Inventors: Fiorenzo G. Omenetto, David L. Kaplan, Benedetto Marelli, Alexander Nicholas Mitropoulos
  • Patent number: 10426191
    Abstract: A method for the production of a flavor granule for a smoking article comprises the steps of: a) forming an inner core by compaction of particles of herbaceous plant material; b) providing a coating suspension of colored binder particles comprising at least one colorant and at least one polymeric binder in a solvent; c) applying the coating suspension to the outer surface of the inner core to form an outer layer, wherein the coating suspension is applied to the inner core within a coating system and wherein within that coating system the vapor pressure of the solvent is greater than 5 kPa; and d) drying the outer layer to evaporate the solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignee: Philip Morris Products S.A.
    Inventors: Laurent Lavanant, Clement Besso
  • Patent number: 10308657
    Abstract: This invention relates to cucurbituril and/or one or more derivatives thereof with low formaldehyde content, to a process of manufacturing said cucurbituril and/or one or more derivatives thereof and to the use of said cucurbituril and/or one or more derivatives thereof, in particular in consumer and industrial products, and in industrial processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: AQDOT LIMITED
    Inventors: Roger Coulston, David Diec, Guilherme Nogueira, Johannes Gerardus De Rooij
  • Patent number: 10263066
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a semiconductor integrated circuit device that basically has a non-memory array area, a memory array area, and memory capacitors formed across lower embedded metal interconnection layers including a low-dielectric constant interlayer insulating film in the memory array area. In addition, a memory-periphery metal seal ring is provided in the lower embedded metal interconnection layers having at least the low-dielectric constant interlayer insulating film so as to surround the memory array area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masayuki Hiroi, Takashi Sakoh
  • Patent number: 10126482
    Abstract: A lightguide assembly including structures to provide for outcoupling of light from an internal reflection structure. In an embodiment, a lightguide assembly includes light transmissive bodies forming respective corrugations which are coupled to one another. Optical coatings are variously disposed between the respective corrugations, wherein the optical coatings provide for redirection of light from the lightguide assembly. In another embodiment, optical coatings are each applied to a respective one of alternate facets of a corrugation. Polymer film portions provide mechanical support for the optical coatings during application to the corrugation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: GOOGLE LLC
    Inventors: Evan M. Richards, Anurag Gupta, Ozan Cakmakci
  • Patent number: 10105934
    Abstract: At least one polycarbonate sheet is laminated to at least one further rigid layer by at least one adhesion layer, characterized in that the adhesive layer consists of polyvinyl acetal having a content of vinylacetate groups of more than 10 wt. % but less than 25 wt. % and a content of plasticizer of less than 10 wt. %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2018
    Assignee: KURARAY EUROPE GMBH
    Inventors: Michael Frank, Thomas Sabel, Florian Mummy, Niklas Steinbach
  • Patent number: 10049825
    Abstract: To provide an ionic liquid which has at least one of properties such as high ionic conductivity, a small reduction in ionic conductivity at a low temperature, a low melting point, and a low viscosity. To provide a power storage device having higher initial charge and discharge efficiency than a power storage device containing a conventional ionic liquid. A cyclic quaternary ammonium salt is liquid at room temperature and contains a quaternary spiro ammonium cation having an asymmetrical structure including two aliphatic rings and one or more substituents bonded to one or both of the two aliphatic rings and an anion corresponding to the quaternary spiro ammonium cation. The power storage device includes a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a nonaqueous electrolyte containing the cyclic quaternary ammonium salt as a nonaqueous solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: Semiconductor Energy Laboratory Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kyosuke Ito, Toru Itakura, Rie Yokoi, Jun Ishikawa
  • Patent number: 9938215
    Abstract: An improved process for making bioderived propylene glycol from a feed composition including at least one of lactic acid, glycerol, a five carbon sugar, a five carbon sugar alcohol, a six carbon sugar and a six carbon sugar alcohol, wherein production of four carbon and higher diols is reduced by adding base after the initiation of the reaction. In preferred embodiments, the process pH and other process conditions are initially established at targeted values for obtaining the highest conversion for a given catalyst consistent with the production of substantially no pentanediol byproducts in the product mixture, and base is added thereafter to control the process pH proximate to the initially targeted value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Archer Daniels Midland Company
    Inventors: Chi-Cheng Ma, Todd Werpy
  • Patent number: 9899706
    Abstract: An electrolytic solution for a fluoride ion battery includes: a fluoride salt; and a solvent for dissolving the fluoride salt, in which the solvent is an ether-containing material having a cation and an anion, and in the cation, an ether group represented by —CH2—O—R (where R represents an alkyl group or a fluoroalkyl group) binds to a cation central element which is N or P.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignees: TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI KAISHA, KYOTO UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Hirofumi Nakamoto, Zempachi Ogumi, Jun-ichi Yamaki
  • Patent number: 9855305
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a pharmaceutical composition containing a combination of vitamins, specific salts of calcium, magnesium, and iron, probiotics and prebiotics, which prevents the occurrence of adverse effects associated with long-term use of proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). This effect is achieved by restoring all nutrient deficiencies and rectifying the intestinal flora imbalance caused by this type of drugs, particularly in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Companion Therapeutics LLC
    Inventors: Julio César Villamil Torres, Camilo Rey Ferro
  • Patent number: 9850282
    Abstract: Stable pentadecapeptide salts of formula (I): (I) SEQ?ID?NO?1 Gly?Glu?Pro?Pro?Pro?Gly?Lys?Pro?Ala?Asp?Asp?Ala 1???????????????5???????????????????10??????????? Gly?Leu?Val?· n?BAA ????????15 wherein n means 1, 2 or 3, and BAA means basic amino acid, a process for the preparation thereof, a process for the use thereof for the manufacture of pharmaceutical formulations in liquid and solid form and a use thereof for prevention, protection in treatment of diseases and disease conditions and for the preparation of formulations for use as food supplements are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: DIAGEN D.O.O.
    Inventor: Rudolf Rucman
  • Patent number: 9718255
    Abstract: A metal article such as a gas turbine component may include a super-diffusion coating with unusually high content of the desired constituent. The coating may be provided by combining two or more diffusion coating processes, each process interdiffusing the desired constituent with the metal article from a different metal source. The metal article can be placed in physical contact with a metal source in powder form as a first source, and the article can also be exposed an additional metal vapor source. Super-chromide coatings can be produced with alpha-chrome content in a manner that also provides the coating with sufficient ductility for long-term durability. For example, a shank portion of a gas turbine blade may be provided with a chromide coating with at least a portion of the coating having from 60-90% chromium content.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: Barson Composites Corporation
    Inventor: Charles Clifford Berger
  • Patent number: 9666893
    Abstract: A method for producing an aqueous electrolyte comprising a redox-active coordination compound of a transition metal which comprises reacting an oxide of the corresponding transition metal in an aqueous reaction medium with a chelating agent in a hydrothermal reaction zone at a temperature in the range of from 100° C. to 160° C. for a period of from 4 hours to 48 hours.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Cristal Inorganic Chemicals Switzerland Ltd
    Inventor: Guoyi Fu
  • Patent number: 9581504
    Abstract: A freeze indicator, which is preferably a self-activating freeze indicator. The freeze indicator has a substrate with a freeze indicator composition coated thereon wherein the freeze indicator has a liquid diacetylene; and a catalyst or catalyst precursor and a protective cover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: J P Laboratories
    Inventor: Gordhanbhai N. Patel
  • Patent number: 9353242
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composite material that comprises a polymeric constituent and iron ore powder. The polymeric constituent of the present invention is preferably UHMWPE. The iron ore powder used for the purposes of the present invention is the raw iron ore tailing resulting from iron ore pelletizing processes and it is used in an amount of 3-5% (w/w). The present invention is also related to the use of iron ore tailing in the preparation of composite materials comprising UHMWPE which presents improved properties such as creep resistance, stiffness and wear resistance, as well as cost reduction and reuses tailings of industrial plant. The present invention is also related to the use of the composite material of interest in the preparation of composite polymeric sheets for use in mining companies facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: VALE S.A.
    Inventors: Fabio Arielo Guastala, Jael Moutinho Dos Santos
  • Patent number: 9293721
    Abstract: Provided is a hole-blocking layer which has excellent basic characteristics such as high photoelectric conversion efficiency, while exhibiting excellent productivity. The hole-blocking layer is produced by a process that has a step of bringing an aqueous solution containing hydrogen peroxide and titanium (IV) oxysulfate into contact with the surface of a member on which the hole-blocking layer is to be formed, and holding the contact between the aqueous solution and the member at 50 to 120° C., so that an amorphous titanium oxide precursor precipitates on the surface of the member; and a step of drying the amorphous titanium oxide precursor that has precipitated on the member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2016
    Assignee: Ideal Star Inc.
    Inventors: Yasuhiko Kasama, Kenji Omote, Morihiko Saida, Haruna Oizumi, Hiroyuki Sagami, Kuniyoshi Yokoo, Takashi Saita, Kohshin Takahashi, Takayuki Kuwabara
  • Patent number: 9249345
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel dry concentrate for producing medical solutions, more particularly dialysis solutions, which comprises electrolyte components, buffer components and an osmotic agent, wherein the concentrate comprises magnesium carbonate instead of magnesium chloride. The use of magnesium carbonate as an electrolyte prevents the formation of slurries. By providing anhydrous glucose as an osmotic agent, and by optionally spatially separating this osmotic agent from other components, the occurrence of caking of the concentrate is additionally avoided. The occurrence of caking is further reduced by providing the buffer component sodium bicarbonate together with sodium chloride separate from all other components. The concentrate of the present invention is particularly suitable for use in multi-chamber container bag systems. The concentrate of the present invention exhibits good dissolution behavior and improved storage stability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: FRESENIUS MEDICAL CARE DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Thomas Schweitzer, Thomas Fichert, Pascal Mathis
  • Patent number: 9175200
    Abstract: An azeotrope-like mixture consisting essentially of chlorotrifluoropropene and at least one component selected from the group consisting of a C1-C3 alcohol, a C5-C6 hydrocarbon, a halogenated hydrocarbon, methylal, methyl acetone, water, nitromethane, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Assignee: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Rajat Basu, Leslie Bement, Kane Cook, Ryan Hulse, Gary Knopeck, Hang T. Pham, Rajiv R. Singh, David J. Williams
  • Patent number: 9114179
    Abstract: The present invention provides an immunoconjugate formulation that is substantially free of particles, the immunoconjugate formulation comprising: an immunoconjugate and one or more excipients selected from the group consisting of: sucrose, polysorbate 20, polysorbate 80, cyclodextrin, dextrose, glycerol, polyethylene glycol, mannitol, sodium chloride, and an amino acid, wherein the formulation is a buffered aqueous solution having a pH of 4.5 to 7.6. The present invention also provides an immunoconjugate formulation that is substantially free of aggregates, the immunoconjugate formulation comprising: an immunoconjugate and one or more excipients selected from the group consisting of histidine, sucrose, glycine and sodium chloride, wherein the formulation is a buffered aqueous solution having a pH of 4.5 to 7.6. The present invention further provides an immunoconjugate formulation that is substantially free of both particles and aggregates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: ImmunoGen, Inc.
    Inventors: Wei Zhang, Michael S. Fleming, Godfrey Amphlett, Hung-wei Chih, Elizabeth Bartlett
  • Publication number: 20150004673
    Abstract: The present invention relates to natural crude salt formulations arid their cost-effective preparation. In particular, the invention discloses the fractionation of seawater into three fractions which can thereafter be suitably combined to reconstitute seawater in its pristine form for its various applications such as growth of marine microbes, flora and fauna in a marine environment, especially where such environments have to be created in locations far removed from the sea and/or where there is a requirement to modify the composition of seawater to better its performance. The fractions can also be blended appropriately to exclude the major constituent, namely sodium chloride, and thereby be useful for mineralization/re-mineralization of waters which are deficient in mineral nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, potassium, sulphate and bicarbonate including rain water and desalinated waters obtained through thermal/RO desalination.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Inventors: Pushpito Kumar Ghosh, Sumesh Chandra Upadhyay, Sandhya Chandrikaprasad Mishra, Vadakke Puthoor Mohandas, Divesh Narayan Srivastava, Vinod Kumar Shahi, Rahul Jasvantrai Sanghavi, Sreekumaran Thampy, Babulal Surabhai Makwana, Imran Pancha, Ruma Pal, Ramkrishna Sen
  • Publication number: 20140339455
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for making a lignin component from lignin material by an acid treatment, the method comprising: forming a lignin component of lignin material by treating the lignin material in at least one acid treatment stage; and optimizing process conditions by means of a combination of process parameters comprising retention time, temperature and pH level at the acid treatment stage so that the retention time is over 6 hours during at least one acid treatment stage. Further, the invention relates to corresponding lignin components, a use of the lignin component and a product.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Inventor: Mauno Miettinen
  • Publication number: 20140332708
    Abstract: Disclosed are acetylated cellulose ether, a method of preparing the same, and an article including the same. The disclosed acetylated cellulose ether has a degree of substitution (DS) of alkyl group of 1 to 2, a molar substitution (MS) of hydroxyalkyl group of 0 to 1, and a degree of substitution (DS) of acetyl group of 1 to 2; and a bulk density of 0.1 to 0.4.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Publication date: November 13, 2014
    Applicant: SAMSUNG FINE CHEMICALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Byoung Hee Son, Tae Hong Kim, Il Yong Lee
  • Publication number: 20140325709
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the production of fine chemicals in a microorganism, a plant cell, a plant, a plant tissue or in one or more parts thereof. The present invention relates further to a process for the control of the production of fine chemicals in a microorganism, a plant cell, a plant, a plant tissue or in one or more parts thereof. The invention furthermore relates to nucleic acid molecules, polypeptides, nucleic acid constructs, vectors, antisense molecules, antibodies, host cells, plant tissue, propagation material, harvested material, plants, microorganisms as well as agricultural compositions and to their use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: Metanomics GmbH
    Inventors: Gunnar Plesch, Piotr Puzio, Astrid Blau, Ralf Looser, Birgit Wendel, Beate Kamlage, Oliver Schmitz
  • Publication number: 20140231702
    Abstract: A composition contains (A) a hydrosilylation reaction catalyst and (B) an aliphatically unsaturated compound having an average, per molecule, of one or more aliphatically unsaturated organic groups capable of undergoing hydrosilylation reaction. The composition is capable of reacting via hydrosilylation reaction to form a reaction product, such as a silane, a gum, a gel, a rubber, or a resin. Ingredient (A) contains a metal-ligand complex that can be prepared by a method including reacting a metal precursor and a ligand.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventors: Kurt Brandstadt, Simon Cook, Aswini Dash, Matthew Olsen, Avril Surgenor, Richard Taylor, Binh Nguyen, Ming-Shin Tzou
  • Publication number: 20140231703
    Abstract: A composition contains (A) a hydrosilylation reaction catalyst and (B) an aliphatically unsaturated compound having an average, per molecule, of one or more aliphatically unsaturated organic groups capable of undergoing hydrosilylation reaction. The composition ? capable of reacting via hydrosilylation reaction to form a reaction product, such as a silane, a gum, a gel, a rubber, or a resin. Ingredient (A) contains a metal-ligand complex that can be prepared by a method including reacting a metal precursor and a ligand.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventors: Kurt Brandstadt, Simon Cook, Avril Surgenor, Richard Taylor, Binh Nguyen, Ming-Shin Tzou
  • Publication number: 20140225027
    Abstract: A composition contains (A) a hydrosilylation reaction catalyst and (B) an aliphatically unsaturated compound having an average, per molecule, of one or more aliphatically unsaturated organic groups capable of undergoing hydrosilylation reaction. The composition ? capable of reacting via hydrosilylation reaction to form a reaction product, such as a silane, a gum, a gel, a rubber, or a resin. Ingredient (A) contains a metal-ligand complex that can be prepared by a method including reacting a metal precursor and a ligand.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventors: Kurt Brandstadt, Simon Cook, Aswini Dash, Matthew Olsen, Avril Surgenor, Richard Taylor, Binh Nguyen, Ming-Shin Tzou
  • Publication number: 20140212640
    Abstract: Provided herein are carbon nanotubes conformally coated with diamond nanocrystals or silicon carbide, or both, methods of their preparation, methods of their use and compositions and materials comprising the conformally coated carbon nanotubes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2013
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventor: Fabrice PIAZZA
  • Publication number: 20140183398
    Abstract: A composition contains (A) a hydrosilylation reaction catalyst and (B) an aliphatically unsaturated compound having an average, per molecule, of one or more aliphatically unsaturated organic groups capable of undergoing hydrosilylation reaction. The composition is capable of reacting via hydrosilylation reaction to form a reaction product, such as a silane, a gum, a gel, a rubber, or a resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2012
    Publication date: July 3, 2014
    Inventors: Kurt Brandstadt, Simon Cook, Aswini Dash, Matthew Olsen, Avril Surgenor, Richard Taylor, Binh Thanh Nguyen, Ming-Shin Tzou
  • Publication number: 20140054224
    Abstract: The present application relates to a process for removing an organic compound having one or more positive charges from an aqueous solution, comprising the steps a) provision of the aqueous solution comprising the organic compound and of a hydrophobic organic solution which comprises a liquid cation exchanger, where the liquid cation exchanger is hydrophobic, and where the liquid cation exchanger has one or more negative charges and an overall negative charge, b) contacting the aqueous solution and the organic solution, and c) separating off the organic solution from the aqueous solution.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 1, 2011
    Publication date: February 27, 2014
    Applicant: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Frank Erhardt, Thomas Haas, Martin Roos, Daniel Demicoli, Markus Pötter, Anja Schubert, Jan Christoph Pfeffer, Thomas Tacke, Harald Häger, Andreas Pfennig, Marie-Dominique Przybylski-Freund
  • Publication number: 20140046041
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates, at least in part, to compositions comprising lignocellulosic biomass and an organic solvent wherein the lignocellulosic biomass comprises 35% or greater of lignin material. The present disclosure relates, at least in part, to compositions comprising lignocellulosic biomass and an organic solvent wherein the lignocellulosic biomass comprises 50% or less of carbohydrate. In certain embodiments the present compositions may have a viscosity of 5000 cps or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2013
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: Lignol Innovations Ltd.
    Inventors: Colin Robert SOUTH, Mikhail Yurevich BALAKSHIN, Ewellyn CAPANEMA
  • Publication number: 20140017728
    Abstract: A method of hydrothermally treating stillage by heating stillage to 200 degrees F. to 350 degrees F., altering physicochemical properties of the stillage, enabling facile separation of the stillage, and creating unique product fractions. A method of performing ethanol fermentation by treating stillage to enable facile separation by heating the stillage to a temperature of 200 degrees F. to 350 degrees F., and separating the treated stillage to recover a high protein solids fraction, a stickwater fraction, and an oil fraction. A method of improving fermentation by heating stillage to a temperature of 200° F. to 350° F. resulting in hydrothermally treated stillage, using all or a portion of the hydrothermally treated stillage as a component of a media, and using the media for a process including fermentation and biomass production. Oil, stickwater, high protein solids fraction, high protein meal, metabolites, biomass, and media obtained from the methods above.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2013
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: Valicor, Inc.
    Inventors: James Robert Bleyer, Thomas J. Czartoski, Puneet Chandra
  • Publication number: 20130344554
    Abstract: A method of processing stillage by hydrothermally fractionating stillage to create unique product fractions, by heating the stillage to a temperature of 250 degrees F. to 350 degrees F., and recovering a stickwater fraction from the stillage. Stickwater, oil, biomass, bio-products, extracts, metabolites, and treated water obtained from the method above. A method of performing ethanol fermentation by hydrothermally fractionating stillage to create unique product fractions by heating the stillage to a temperature of 250 degrees F. to 350 degrees F., separating the stillage into a ProFat fraction and a stickwater fraction, and recovering oil from the ProFat fraction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Applicant: Valicor, Inc.
    Inventors: James Robert Bleyer, Thomas J. Czartoski, Puneet Chandra
  • Publication number: 20130338242
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for dispersing particulate materials prone to agglomeration, in a liquid. Particulate materials are exposed to a liquid and put into that liquid to form a suspension or a dispersion in a controlled method thereby minimizing agglomerates. The method uses mechanical/hydro mixing that prevents the physical deterioration of the particulate material and inhibits agglomeration of the particles. In many cases, these materials may be nanomaterials. Almost all particulate materials can be handled in this manner. This method has been found to be especially useful for preparing solutions of exfoliated graphene and certain drugs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Scott Murray, Michael Knox
  • Publication number: 20130334956
    Abstract: The invention provides systems and methods relating to remote phosphor tapes and methods of making and using the same. A remote phosphor tape may be used in lighting units. The phosphor tape may comprise a front side and a backside. The phosphor tape may have a phosphor layer comprising a phosphor material configured to emit light of an emission wavelength when illuminated by light of an excitation wavelength. The remote phosphor tape is configured for use as a remote phosphor in a lighting unit.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventor: Eric Bretschneider
  • Publication number: 20130302891
    Abstract: The present application describes compounds, compositions and methods for incorporating chemoselective and bio-orthogonal complementary functional groups into liposomes. The present application also describes various uses of these modified liposomes including for tethering the chemoselective and bio-orthogonal complementary functional groups from cell surfaces by liposome delivery toward the goal of rewiring the cell surface.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 9, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Inventor: Muhammad Naveed Yousaf
  • Publication number: 20130270474
    Abstract: A wax composition comprising various waxes and an organically modified polysiloxane (OMP). These materials are mixed and melted into a homogenous liquid state creating a molten blend. It is preferred that the slip agent be added to the blend at least 0.25 percent by weight, and more preferably at 0.50 percent by weight. By mixing OMG with known candle and wax potpourri waxes, the wax becomes much easier to remove from the wax container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: THE YANKEE CANDLE COMPANY, INC.
    Inventor: John E. CAGLE
  • Publication number: 20130264508
    Abstract: A non-toxic, non-static, environmentally benign artificial snow product is made by extruding a mixture of starch, polyvinyl alcohol, hydrogenated soy flakes and talc to form an extruded starch product and processing the extruded starch product into snow flake like fragments. The snow flake like fragments may be sorted by size. Colorant may be added to yield artificial snow flakes in various festive colors.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventors: John Quee, Elizabeth Quee
  • Patent number: 8529784
    Abstract: Methods and apparatuses for generating electrically-conductive and/or semi-conductive films, and more specifically, methods and apparatuses for generating conductive and/or semi-conductive films having nanoscale features are provided. In one embodiment, an electrically-conductive or semi-conductive film (e.g., a gold layer of less than 50 nanometer thickness) is provided on a substrate (e.g., a poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) stamp). The substrate may optionally include patterns or features having raised and recessed portions. A first portion of the film may be removed from the substrate, e.g., by methods such as physically contacting the first portion of the film with a surface to which the first portion preferentially adheres. This process can leave a second portion of the film remaining on the substrate. In some embodiments, the second portion includes at least one region having a dimension substantially parallel to a portion of the substrate i.e., of less than 50 nanometers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: Tingbing Cao, Qiaobing Xu, Adam Winkleman, George M. Whitesides
  • Publication number: 20130199993
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method of preparing a functional chitosan scaffold and said functional chitosan scaffold for use as a filtering medium. Said method involves freeze-drying chitosan in the presence of appropriate cross-linkers and additives. The present chitosan scaffold is associated with an increased mechanical strength and elasticity and an adjustable surface polarity, porosity and morphology which enable its use in a wide range of devices, equipments and appliances in need of a filtering medium such as air or water purification system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 14, 2013
    Publication date: August 8, 2013
    Applicant: NANO AND ADVANCED MATERIALS INSTITUTE LIMITED
    Inventor: NANO AND ADVANCED MATERIALS INSTITUTE LIMITED
  • Publication number: 20130195960
    Abstract: The present invention relates to substituted cellulose acetates and methods of use thereof. One embodiment of the present invention provides a diaper having an inner layer having an absorbent core having a substituted cellulose acetate having a polar substituent that has an oxygen atom covalently bonded to a nonmetal selected from the group of sulfur, phosphorus, boron, and chlorine; wherein the nonmetal is present in at least about 0.01% by weight of the substituted cellulose acetate; and an outer layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Publication date: August 1, 2013
    Applicant: Celanese Acetate LLC
    Inventors: Michael T. Combs, Thomas S. Garrett
  • Patent number: 8470192
    Abstract: A non-toxic, non-static, environmentally benign artificial snow product is made by extruding a mixture of starch, polyvinyl alcohol, hydrogenated soy flakes and talc to form an extruded starch product and processing the extruded starch product into snow flake like fragments. The snow flake like fragments may be sorted by size. Colorant may be added to yield artificial snow flakes in various festive colors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Thomas FX Group, Inc.
    Inventors: John Quee, Elizabeth Quee
  • Publication number: 20130118399
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to methods and systems relating to the selection of substrates comprising crystalline templates for the controlled crystallization of molecular species. In some embodiments, the methods and systems allow for the controlled crystallization of a molecular species in a selected polymorphic form. In some embodiments, the molecular species is a small organic molecule (e.g., pharmaceutically active agent).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Publication date: May 16, 2013
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventor: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Publication number: 20130068989
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions comprising HFC-245eb and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-245fa, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-143a, HFC-134, HFC-134a, FC-1216, HFO-1234yf, HFC-254eb, HFO-1243zf, and HFC-254fb. Compositions comprising HFC-245eb are useful in processes to make HFO-1234yf. Also disclosed are compositions comprising HFO-1234yf and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-254eb, HFC-254fb, HFO-1243zf, HFCHFC-245eb, HFC-245fa, HFC-245cb, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFO-1132a and FC-1216. Compositions comprising HFO-1234yf are useful as heat transfer compositions for use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
  • Patent number: 8394290
    Abstract: The invention provides methods and compositions for improving the production of alumina. The invention involves adding a product containing one or more polysaccharides to liquor within the fluid circuit of the production process, where one of the polysaccharides is scleroglucan. The use of scleroglucan can impart a number of advantages including at least some of: greater flocculation effectiveness, increasing the maximum effective dosage, faster settling rate. The production process can be a Bayer process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Ryan Chester, John D. Kildea, Jing Wang, Heinrich E. Bode, Xiaojin Harry Li
  • Publication number: 20130039806
    Abstract: Processes are disclosed and claimed that allow either purification of nanowire slurries or exchange of liquids in such slurries or both. Such processes avoid the drawbacks of other known methods and are readily scalable to larger production volumes.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Jeffrey Blinn, Doreen C. Lynch, Karissa L. Eckert, Eric L. Dillenbeck