Phenyl Benzoate Derivative Patents (Class 252/299.67)
  • Patent number: 10308873
    Abstract: A polymerizable compound-containing liquid crystal composition of the present invention relates to a liquid crystal composition containing a polymerizable compound represented by general formula (I) and a compound represented by general formula (II) and can be used for a liquid crystal display device imparted with liquid crystal aligning ability by polymerization. The polymerizable liquid crystal composition is required to cause no precipitation in a wide temperature range and have a low viscosity corresponding to fast switching, and a liquid crystal display device using the composition is required to have more stable alignment after polymerization and to cause no defect in display characteristics. In the present invention, the problems can be solved using a specified compound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Go Sudo, Shotaro Kawakami
  • Patent number: 10310303
    Abstract: Provided is a liquid crystal compound that can obtain a high-speed response and a sufficient contrast ratio in switching of a display device. A compound represented by formula (1) described below is utilized. In formula (1), ring A is naphthylene, phenantolylene or anthracenylene, and in the groups, at least one piece of hydrogen may be replaced by halogen, —CH3, —C2H5, —CF3, —CHF2, —CH2F, —OCF3, —OCHF2 or —OCH2F; and X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5 are independently hydrogen or fluorine, but at least two or more of X1, X2, X3, X4, X5, Y1, Y2, Y3, Y4 and Y5 is fluorine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2019
    Assignees: National University Corporation Chiba University, JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Keiki Kishikawa, Sang Ho Lee, Yasuyuki Sasada, Tokifumi Masukawa
  • Patent number: 9927625
    Abstract: The present invention provides a birefringent lens material for a stereoscopic image display, the birefringent lens material containing two or more liquid crystal compounds each having at least one polymerizable functional group, a birefringent lens for a stereoscopic image display, the birefringent lens being formed by using the lens material, and a method for producing a birefringent lens for a stereoscopic image display using the lens material. The birefringent lens material for a stereoscopic image display and the birefringent lens for a stereoscopic image display of the present invention are good in terms of optical characteristics, durability, and productivity, in particular, productivity. The method for producing a birefringent lens for a stereoscopic image display of the present invention has good productivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuhiro Kuwana, Hiroshi Hasebe
  • Patent number: 9353263
    Abstract: A thermoplastic composition for use in a fine pitch electrical connector is provided. The thermoplastic composition contains a liquid crystalline polymer and a plurality of fibers. The volume average length of the fibers in the thermoplastic composition is selectively controlled according to the present invention so that it is within a certain range, such as from about 80 to about 250 micrometers. The fibers also have a narrow length distribution. That is, at least about 70% by volume of the fibers have a length within a certain range. Through the use of a liquid crystalline polymer and fibers of a certain weight average length and narrow length distribution, the present inventors have discovered that the resulting thermoplastic composition is able to achieve a desirable combination of strength and flowability, which enables it to be uniquely suited for the walls of a fine pitch connector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: Ticona LLC
    Inventors: Young Shin Kim, Xinyu Zhao, Joseph J. Grenci
  • Patent number: 9181478
    Abstract: A composition contains three or more compounds represented by general formula (i) below. (In the formula, Ri1 represents an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and one or nonadjacent two or more —CH2— in the alkyl group may be each independently substituted by —CH?CH—, —C?C—, —O—, —CO—, —COO—, or —OCO—; mi1 represents 1 or 2; Ai1 represents a 1,4-cyclohexylene group or a 1,4-phenylene group which may have a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom substituted for a hydrogen atom, when mi1 represents 1, Ai1 represents a 1,4-phenylene group which may have a fluorine atom or a chlorine atom substituted for a hydrogen atom, and when mi1 represents 2 and a plurality of Ai1 are present, Ai1 may be the same or different, and Xi1 represents a hydrogen atom, a fluorine atom, or a chlorine atom.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2015
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Joji Kawamura, Makoto Negishi, Masahiro Niwa
  • Patent number: 9109111
    Abstract: Provided is a wholly aromatic liquid crystalline polyester resin compound. The wholly aromatic liquid crystalline polyester resin compound includes a wholly aromatic liquid crystalline polyester resin having a high melting point and mica having a predetermined size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 18, 2015
    Assignee: SHENZHEN WOTE ADVANCED MATERIALS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Myung Se Lee, Young Hak Shin, Dong Sik Kim, Mahn Jong Kim
  • Patent number: 9039930
    Abstract: A blue phase liquid crystal display panel and a fabricating method thereof are provided. A first substrate and a second substrate are provided, and then a blue phase liquid crystal composition is filled between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the blue phase liquid crystal composition includes a blue phase liquid crystal and a reactive monomer. Next, an irradiation process is performed to induce a polymerization reaction in the reactive monomer of the blue phase liquid crystal composition, wherein a light utilized in the irradiation process has a wavelength ranged from 200 nm to 350 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Au Optronics Corporation
    Inventors: Yi-Fen Lan, Ling-Yung Wang, Pu-Jung Huang, Cheng-Yeh Tsai
  • Patent number: 9039929
    Abstract: A nematic liquid crystal composition of the present invention is used in liquid crystal display devices of the TN mode, OCB mode, ECB mode, IPS mode, or VA-IPS mode. The liquid crystal composition has positive dielectric anisotropy. Since the refractive index anisotropy and the nematic phase-isotropic liquid phase transition temperature are decreased and the increase in the lower limit temperature of the nematic phase is suppressed, the viscosity of the liquid crystal composition is sufficiently low without degrading the nematic phase temperature range. The liquid crystal composition also offers excellent features such as high-speed response, good display quality, and less display failures and is thus suitable as a practical liquid crystal composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: DIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masakazu Kaneoya, Kiyofumi Takeuchi, Masashi Osawa, Kenta Tojo, Tetsuo Kusumoto
  • Publication number: 20150131039
    Abstract: A dual-frequency bistable liquid crystal display and the liquid crystal mixture thereof includes liquid crystal cell filled with a liquid crystal mixture which contains dual-frequency liquid crystal, chiral compound, and nematic liquid crystal mixture. The liquid crystal mixture has the characteristics of both the dual-frequency liquid crystal and cholesteric liquid crystal. The dual-frequency bistable liquid crystal display is driven in a frequency modulation mode and can be switched between two optical states by taking advantage of the dielectric anisotropy of the liquid crystal, which results in a short switching time and sharp contrast between two optical states. Furthermore, the maintaining of the two optical states requires no voltage, which does not require the use of a high voltage to destabilize the helical structure of the cholesteric liquid crystal, and does not have to go through a metastable stage. Hence, power consumption and switching time are reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventors: Shyh-Yueh WANG, Xin-Jiu Wang, Chia-Hui Chen, Chiu-Yuan Huang, Yen-Liang Chen
  • Patent number: 9023238
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an optical switch element, comprising a liquid-crystalline medium for the temperature-dependent regulation of radiant energy flow. The invention furthermore relates to the use of the optical switch element for the regulation of radiant energy flow between interior spaces and the environment and for the regulation of the temperature of interior spaces. The invention furthermore relates to a liquid-crystalline medium, characterized in that it comprises 5-95% of a compound of the formula (I), in particular for use in the optical switch elements according to the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Michael Junge
  • Patent number: 9005721
    Abstract: Disclosed are liquid-crystal (LC) media for use in LC displays of the PS (polymer stabilized) or PSA (polymer sustained alignment) type which contain a liquid-crystal (LC) mixture that contains one or more compounds of formula I
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Achim Goetz, Melanie Klasen-Memmer, Stephan Derow, Sabine Schoen, Peter Best
  • Patent number: 9005720
    Abstract: Disclosed are liquid-crystal (LC) media for use in LC displays of the PS (polymer stabilized) or PSA (polymer sustained alignment) type which contain a liquid-crystal (LC) mixture that contains one or more compounds of formula I
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Achim Goetz, Melanie Klasen-Memmer, Stephan Derow, Sabine Schoen, Peter Best
  • Patent number: 8999461
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an electro-optical light modulation element and to electro-optical displays and display systems, such as television screens and computer monitors, containing elements of this type. The light modulation elements according to the invention contain a mesogenic modulation medium which is in the isotropic phase during operation of the light modulation elements and are particularly distinguished by very short response times in addition to good contrast and low viewing-angle dependence. The mesogenic modulation media used in the electro-optical light modulation elements are likewise a subject-matter of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Heckmeier, Achim Gotz
  • Patent number: 8980384
    Abstract: A liquid crystal composition of the present invention has a liquid phase over a wide temperature range, low viscosity, good solubility at a low temperature, high resistivity and voltage holding ratio, and stability to heat and light, and can thus provide, in high yield, a liquid crystal display device having good display quality and causing little display defects such as image sticking, dropping marks, and the like. A liquid crystal display device using the liquid crystal composition of the present invention is useful, particularly useful for a liquid crystal display device for active matrix driving, because both fast response and suppression of display defects are achieved, and the liquid crystal display device can be applied to a liquid crystal display device for a VA mode, a PSVA mode, or a TN mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventor: Jouji Kawamura
  • Patent number: 8980383
    Abstract: A method of making a wide temperature-range smectic liquid crystal material comprises taking a wide temperature-range nematic mixture and doping this with a mesogenic silicon-containing material. Aspects of the invention provide wide temperature-range smectic materials and devices using the smectic materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Cambridge Enterprise Limited
    Inventors: Harry J. Coles, Damian J. Gardiner
  • Publication number: 20150060732
    Abstract: An object is to provide a liquid crystal compound satisfying at least one of physical properties such as a high stability to heat and light, a high clearing point, a low minimum temperature of a liquid crystal phase, a small viscosity, a suitable optical anisotropy, a large dielectric anisotropy, a suitable elastic constant and an excellent compatibility with other liquid crystal compounds, a liquid crystal composition containing the compound, and a liquid crystal display device including the composition. A solution is a compound represented by formula (1). In formula 1, R1 is alkyl having 1 to 10 carbons, for example; ring A1 and ring A2 are independently 1,4-cyclohexylene or 1,4-phenylene; Z1 and Z2 are independently a single bond or —CF2O—; L1 and L2 are halogen; and a is 1 or 2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2014
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicants: JNC PETROCHEMICAL CORPORATION, JNC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasuyuki GOTOH, Masakazu YANO
  • Patent number: 8968840
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium based on a mixture of polar compounds having negative dielectric anisotropy (??), which is distinguished by the fact that it has a value for the ratio ?1/?n2 in the range 6-45 with a clearing point of >60° C. and a ?? of ??2.3. Media of this type are particularly suitable for electro-optical displays having active-matrix addressing based on the ECB, PA LCD, FFS or IPS effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Melanie Klasen-Memmer, Sabine Schoen
  • Patent number: 8962105
    Abstract: To provide a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one of characteristics such as a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature of the nematic phase, a small viscosity, a suitable optical anisotropy, a large negative dielectric anisotropy, a large specific resistance, a high stability to ultraviolet light and a high stability to heat, and so forth. To provide an AM device having a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth. The liquid crystal composition contains a specific compound having a polymerizable group as a first component and a specific compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy and a low minimum temperature as a second component, and may contain a specific compound having a small viscosity or a large maximum temperature as a third component, and a liquid crystal display device includes the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshimasa Furusato, Eriko Kurihara, Masayuki Saito
  • Patent number: 8956705
    Abstract: A system having a ferroelectric liquid host material and a small amount of polymer additive is provided. In an embodiment, the polymer additive improves the physical characteristics of the system. In an embodiment, the system can be used in FLC applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: California Institute of Technology, LC Vision, LLC
    Inventors: Julia A. Kornfield, Michael Wand, Zuleikha Kurji
  • Patent number: 8951616
    Abstract: The invention relates to polymerizable liquid crystals compound (I) having a liquid crystalline phase and to liquid crystalline compositions comprising compounds (I), their use as birefringence layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Rolic AG
    Inventors: Jean Francois Eckert, Martin Roth
  • Publication number: 20150034874
    Abstract: Provided is a novel material included in a liquid crystal composition that can be used in various liquid crystal display devices. A trifluorophenyl derivative represented by General Formula (G1). In General Formula (G1), Ar1 represents an arylene group having 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a cycloalkylene group having 3 to 12 carbon atoms, or a cycloalkenylene group having 3 to 12 carbon atoms; m represents 1 or 2; and R1 represents hydrogen, an alkyl group having 2 to 11 carbon atoms, or an alkoxy group having 2 to 11 carbon atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: February 5, 2015
    Inventors: Momoko KATO, Yuko KAWATA, Yasuhiro NIIKURA, Tetsuji ISHITANI
  • Patent number: 8945420
    Abstract: The invention relates to an electro-optical liquid-crystal display which contains, as dielectric, a liquid-crystalline medium having negative dielectric anisotropy and includes a backlight which essentially only emits light having a wavelength of 400 nm or more or has, between the liquid-crystal layer and the backlight, a cut-off filter which essentially only allows light having a wavelength of 420 nm or more to pass through. In particular, the liquid-crystalline medium comprises a) a (first) dielectrically negative component (component A) which consists of one or more dielectrically negative compounds of the formula I in which the parameters have the meanings indicated in claim 2, and a further (second) dielectrically negative component (component B).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Atsutaka Manabe, Kazuaki Tarumi, Hubert Spreitzer, Axel Jansen, Melanie Klasen-Memmer
  • Patent number: 8920674
    Abstract: To provide a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one characteristic including a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature thereof, a small viscosity, a large optical anisotropy, dielectric anisotropy and specific resistance, a high stability to ultraviolet light and heat, or a liquid crystal composition having a suitable balance regarding at least two characteristics; and an AM device having a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio and contrast ratio and a long life; a liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy and contains a compound having a low minimum temperature as a first component and a compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a second component, and may contain a compound having a small viscosity as a third component and a compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component, and a liquid crystal display device containing the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takayoshi Yanai, Norikatsu Hattori, Hiroyuki Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8906258
    Abstract: A thermotropic liquid crystalline polymer composition capable of exhibiting both a low melting temperature and good heat resistance without the use of conventional naphthenic acids is provided. The melting temperature may, for example, range from about 250° C. to about 400° C. Even at such low melting temperatures, the present inventors have surprisingly discovered that the ratio of the deflection temperature under load (“DTUL”), a measure of short term heat resistance, to the melting temperature may remain relatively high. The specific DTUL values may range from about 200° C. to about 300° C. The ability to form a polymer composition with the properties noted above may be achieved, at least in part, by the use of an aromatic amide oligomer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: Ticona LLC
    Inventors: Steven D. Gray, Kamlesh P. Nair, Joseph J. Grenci
  • Patent number: 8895117
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymerisable compounds, to processes and intermediates for the preparation thereof, to the use thereof for optical, electro-optical and electronic purposes, in particular in liquid-crystal (LC) media and LC displays having a polymer-stabilized blue phase, and in LC media for LC displays of the PS or PSA (“polymer sustained” or “polymer sustained alignment”) type, and to LC media and LC displays comprising these compounds.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Axel Jansen, Andreas Taugerbeck, Helmut Haensel, Achim Goetz
  • Patent number: 8877092
    Abstract: The invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium which comprises at least one compound of the formula I, in which R1, R1*, ring A have the meanings indicated in claim 1, and to the use thereof for an active-matrix display, in particular based on the VA, PSA, PS-VA, PALC, FFS or IPS effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: MERCK PATENT GmbH
    Inventors: Melanie Klasen-Memmer, Volker Reiffenrath, Konstantin Schneider, Andreas Waechtler, Elvira Montenegro
  • Patent number: 8828507
    Abstract: Provided are phase-separating polymer systems including a cured polymeric liquid crystal matrix phase and a guest phase including at least one photoactive material where the guest phase separates from the matrix phase during the curing process. Optical elements, including ophthalmic elements and other articles of manufacture including the phase-separating polymer systems are also disclosed. Methods of forming a liquid crystal phase-separating photoactive polymer system are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Transitions Optical, Inc.
    Inventors: Meng He, Anil Kumar, Peter C. Foller, Chenguang Li, Ruisong Xu, Jiping Shao
  • Patent number: 8821993
    Abstract: A liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy, and contains a specific bicyclic compound having a large optical anisotropy and a small viscosity as a first component and a specific compound having a large maximum temperature and a large dielectric anisotropy as a second component, and may contain a specific compound having a small viscosity as a third component, a specific compound having a large dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component and a specific compound having a large dielectric anisotropy as a fifth component, and a liquid crystal display device includes the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Yoshinari Matsumura, Hiroaki Fujita
  • Patent number: 8821992
    Abstract: A liquid crystal formulation is described. The liquid crystal formulation comprises a first oligosiloxane-modified nano-phase segregating liquid crystalline material; and at least one additional material selected from a second oligosiloxane-modified nano-phase segregating liquid crystalline material, non-liquid crystalline oligosiloxane-modified materials, organic liquid crystalline materials, or non-liquid crystalline materials, wherein the liquid crystal formulation has an I?SmA*?SmC* phase transition, with a SmC* temperature range from about 15° C. to about 35° C., a tilt angle of about 22.5°±6° or about 45°±6°, a spontaneous polarization of less than about 50 nC/cm2., and a rotational viscosity of less than about 600 cP. Devices containing liquid crystal formulations are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignees: Dow Corning Corporation, Cambridge Enterprise Ltd.
    Inventors: Jonathan Paul Hannington, Terry Victor Clapp, Fumito Nishida, Russel Keith King, Omar Farooq, Martin Grasmann, William Alden Crossland, Harry James Coles, Anthony Bernard Davey, Huan Xu, Oliver Hadeler, Mykhaylo Pivnenko
  • Patent number: 8795795
    Abstract: The invention is to provide a liquid crystal composition that satisfies at least one of characteristics such as a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature of a nematic phase, a small viscosity, a large optical anisotropy, a large positive dielectric anisotropy, a large specific resistance, a large elastic coefficient, a high stability to ultraviolet light and heat, or that is suitably balanced between at least two of the characteristics. As the liquid crystal display device containing the compositions is to provide an AM device that has a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth, thus it can be used for the liquid crystal projector, liquid crystal television and so forth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Takayoshi Yanai, Norikatsu Hattori, Tokifumi Masukawa
  • Patent number: 8784682
    Abstract: Disclosed are a thermosetting composition including a liquid crystal oligomer, a bismaleimide-based compound, an epoxy compound, and a fluorinated polymer resin powder. A resin cured product, board, and storage medium each include the thermosetting composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignees: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd., Samsung Fine Chemicals Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Myung-Sup Jung, Jae-Jun Lee
  • Patent number: 8771810
    Abstract: A polymerizable composition containing a compound represented by the formula (I) or the formula (I?) is useful for formation of films having a high ?n with no coloration. P1 and P2 each are a polymerizable group; m1 and m2 each are an integer of from 1 to 10; A1 to A4 each are a predetermined cyclic group; R is a hydrogen atom or an alkyl; in the formula (I), Z1 is —COO—, —COO—, —OCO—CH?CH—, —NHCO— or —NR1CO—; L1 and L2 each are —O—, —S—, —COO—, —COO—, —OCO—CH?CH—, —OCOO—, —NHCO— or —NR1CO; n1 is 1 or 2; in the formula (I?), Z1 and Z2 each are —COO—, —OCO—, —NHCO— or NR1CO; L1 and L2 each are —O—, —S—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, —NHCO— or NR1CO; n1 and n2 each are 1 or 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Masatoshi Mizumura, Shunya Katoh, Yasuhiro Ishiwata, Masaomi Kimura
  • Patent number: 8765235
    Abstract: Provided is a novel polymerizable azomethine compound which has a high ?n and is colorless. The compound is represented by the formula (I). P1 and P2 each are a polymerizable group; m1 and m2 each are an integer of from 1 to 10; R1 and R2 each are an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, an alkoxycarbonyl group having from 2 to 5 carbon atoms, an acyloxy group having from 2 to 5 carbon atoms, an acyl group having from 2 to 4 carbon atoms, an amide group having from 2 to 5 carbon atoms, a cyano group or a halogen atom; n1 and n2 each are an integer of from 0 to 4; R3 is a hydrogen atom, or an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms; Z1 and L1 each are a predetermined divalent group; n is 0, 1 or 2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Masatoshi Mizumura, Shunya Katoh, Yasuhiro Ishiwata, Masaomi Kimura
  • Patent number: 8741397
    Abstract: Disclosed is a liquid crystal display element which is composed of a pair of substrates (1) at least one of which is transparent. The liquid crystal display element comprises, between the pair of substrates, a transparent electrode (2), an aligning agent (3) that contains at least reactive monomers and/or oligomers (5), and a liquid crystal layer. The liquid crystal display element is characterized in that an alignment layer is obtained by polymerizing the reactive monomers or oligomers contained in the aligning agent, and the liquid crystal layer is composed of a liquid crystal composition that contains a compound (4) having at least one benzene ring in each molecule, said benzene ring containing at least one fluorine atom and being disubstituted by halogen atoms.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Atsuko Fujita
  • Patent number: 8728590
    Abstract: The liquid crystal composition having a negative dielectric anisotropy contains two ring compound having a large optical anisotropy and a negatively large dielectric anisotropy as the first component, three ring compound having a large maximum temperature and a large dielectric anisotropy as the second component, three ring compound having a large optical anisotropy and a large dielectric anisotropy as the third component, and two ring compound having a small viscosity as the fourth component. The liquid crystal display device contains the compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Kazuhiko Saigusa
  • Patent number: 8722156
    Abstract: An embodiment of the disclosure provides a liquid crystal compound having the following formula: wherein A1, A2, and A3 are independently hydrogen, halogen, cyano, thiocyanato, or —OCF3; R1 is hydrogen, halogen, C1-C12 alkyl, C1-C12 alkoxy, C1-C12 haloalkly, C2-C12 alkenyl, or C2-C12 alkynyl; R2 and R3 are independently hydrogen, halogen, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkly, cyano, thiocyanato, or —OCF3; and Z is a single bond, —O—, —CH2O—, —C(O)O—, —OCO—, —C(O)NH—, or —CH?CH—. In another embodiment, a liquid crystal display including the liquid crystal compound is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Jian-Wen Lin, Chun-Ming Wu, Shih-Hsien Liu, Kung-Lung Cheng, Chih-Lung Chin
  • Patent number: 8715526
    Abstract: The fully-aromatic thermotropic liquid crystal polyester resin composition of the present invention comprises 100 parts by mass of a fully-aromatic thermotropic liquid crystal polyester; and 50 to 150 parts by mass of titanium oxide, wherein the fully-aromatic thermotropic liquid crystal polyester comprises a repeating structural unit represented by the following formula (1), a repeating structural unit represented by the following formula (2), and a repeating structural unit represented by the following formula (3), and comprises 65 mole % to 78 mole % of the repeating structural unit represented by the formula (1). wherein X and Y each represent a divalent group having an aromatic ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: JX Nippon Oil & Energy Corporation
    Inventors: Toru Kitai, Toshio Nakayama, Satoshi Murouchi
  • Patent number: 8715528
    Abstract: The invention discloses a reflective liquid crystal material formulation, wherein a liquid crystal component of high dielectric anisotropy is employed to lower the driving voltage. By modulating the addition ratio of the high dielectric anisotropy components, reflective liquid crystal compositions of different reflective colors can be driven by a single driving voltage. The invention also provides a reflective bistable display using the above formulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: An-Cheng Chen, Pei-Chen Huang, Chien-Hsien Cheng, Chun-Ming Wu, Shih-Hsien Jassy Liu, Kung-Lung Cheng
  • Patent number: 8703013
    Abstract: The invention relates to a liquid-crystalline medium based on a mixture of polar compounds having negative dielectric anisotropy, which contains at least one compound of the formula I and at least one compound of the formula II in which R1, R2, R3, R4, ring A, Z1, Z2 and m are as defined in Claim 1, and to the use thereof for an active-matrix display based on the ECB, VA, PS-VA, FFS, PALC or IPS effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Norihiko Tanaka, Makoto Murakami, Shinji Nakajima
  • Patent number: 8697200
    Abstract: The present invention relates to polymerizable compounds, to processes and intermediates for the preparation thereof, and to the use thereof for optical, electro-optical and electronic purposes, in particular in liquid-crystal (LC) media and LC displays, especially in LC displays of the PS (polymer-stabilized) and PSA (polymer-sustained alignment) type.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Achim Goetz, Erdal Durmaz, Malgorzata Rillich, Andreas Taugerbeck
  • Patent number: 8691111
    Abstract: A liquid crystal composition comprising a chiral dopant compound represented by the following formula: wherein: R1, R2 are independently aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, alkoxyaryl, alkaryl or heterocyclic all either substituted or unsubstituted, or combine to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; R3 and R4 are independently hydrogen, halogen, cyano, alkoxy, NHCOR7, NHSO2R7, COOR7, OCOR7, aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, alkoxyaryl, alkaryl or heterocyclic all either substituted or unsubstituted, or combine with either R1 or R2 to form a carbocylic or heterocyclic ring; R5 and R6 are independently hydrogen, CH2, CH, alkyl or aryl either substituted or unsubstituted, COOR7, or combine with L to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; R7 is aryl, alkyl, alkenyl, cycloalkyl, alkoxyaryl or heterocyclic all either substituted or unsubstituted; L is the non-metallic elements required to form a carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring, or a single bond or a double bond; m is 1-3; n is 0-12.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Kent Displays Inc.
    Inventors: Donald R. Diehl, Thomas Welter, Erica N. Montbach, J. William Doane, Nithya Venkataraman
  • Patent number: 8685274
    Abstract: The invention provides a liquid crystal compound that has an excellent compatibility with other liquid crystal compounds and also has at least one of characteristics such as a high stability to heat, light or the like, a suitable refractive index anisotropy (?n), a low threshold voltage and a suitable dielectric anisotropy (??). A compound represented by formula (1). For example, R1 is alkyl having 1 to 10 carbons, R2 is halogen or alkenyl having 2 to 10 carbons; the ring A1, the ring A2 and the ring A3 are 1,4-cyclohexylene or 1,4-phenylene; Z1, Z2 and Z3 are a single bond or alkylene having 1 to 4 carbons; G is —CH2— or —O—; and m is 1, and n and p is 0 or 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Tokifumi Masukawa, Yasuyuki Goto, Tomohiro Yano
  • Patent number: 8673411
    Abstract: Providing a liquid crystal composition satisfies at least one of characteristics like a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature of the nematic phase, a small viscosity, a suitable optical anisotropy, a large negative dielectric anisotropy, a large specific resistance, a high stability to ultraviolet light and a high stability to heat. Providing a liquid crystal composition has a suitable balance regarding at least two of the characteristics. Providing an AM device has a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth. The liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy and contains a specific compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a first component and a specific three-ring compound having a large optical anisotropy and a negative dielectric anisotropy as a second component, and a liquid crystal display device contains the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventor: Masayuki Saito
  • Patent number: 8663497
    Abstract: Disclosed is a liquid crystal composition formed by including a polymerizable compound represented by general formula (I) in a nematic liquid crystal composition with negative dielectric anisotropy (??). In the formula, ring C1 represents a benzene-1,2,4-triyl group, or the like; rings C2 to C4 represent a 1,4-phenylene group, a naphthalene-2,6-diyl group, or the like; M1 to M3 represent a hydrogen atom or a methyl group; Z1 and Z2 are a direct coupling, -L1-, -L1O—, -L1O—CO—, or the like; Z6 is a direct coupling, -L2-, -OL2-, —O—COL2-, or the like; at least one of Z1, Z2, and Z6 is not a direct coupling; L1 and L2 represent a C1-10 alkylene group; Z3 to Z5 represent a direct coupling, an ester bond, or the like; and p, q, and r are 0 or 1, wherein 1?p+q+r?3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Adeka Corporation
    Inventors: Ken Matsumoto, Masatomi Irisawa
  • Patent number: 8647726
    Abstract: An optical element and a stereoscopic image display device are provided. The optical element is a light-dividing element, for example, an element that can divide incident light into at least two kinds of light having different polarized states. Therefore, the optical element can be used to realize a stereoscopic image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Eun Mi Seo, Sin Young Kim, Kyun Il Rah, Moon Soo Park, Seung Hun Chae
  • Patent number: 8647724
    Abstract: The present invention provides a liquid crystal display device capable of reducing the probability of image sticking. The liquid crystal display device includes a pair of substrates and a liquid crystal layer between the substrates. At least one of the substrates includes an alignment film and a polymer layer on the alignment film. The polymer layer includes monomer units derived from at least two species of polymerizable monomers. The at least two species of polymerizable monomers include at least two species of monomers selected from the group consisting of: specific polyfunctional monomers and specific monofunctional monomers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masanobu Mizusaki, Takashi Katayama, Yuichi Kawahira, Takeshi Noma, Yohei Nakanishi
  • Patent number: 8642142
    Abstract: Provided is an AM device containing a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one of characteristics such as a high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, a low minimum temperature of the nematic phase, a small viscosity, a large optical anisotropy, a large positive dielectric anisotropy, a large specific resistance, a high stability to ultraviolet light and a high stability to and heat, or having a suitable balance regarding at least two of the characteristics, and the AM device having a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth; wherein a liquid crystal display device contains a liquid crystal composition having a positive dielectric anisotropy and containing a specific compound having a large positive dielectric anisotropy as a first component and a specific compound having a small viscosity as a second component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Norikatsu Hattori, Shogo Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8637125
    Abstract: Providing a liquid crystal composition satisfying at least one of characteristics such as high maximum temperature of nematic phase, low minimum temperature of the nematic phase, small viscosity, suitable optical anisotropy, large negative dielectric anisotropy, large specific resistance, high stability to ultraviolet light and heat, or having a suitable balance regarding at least two of the characteristics; and an AM device having short response time, large voltage holding ratio, large contrast ratio, long service life and so forth. The liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy and contains a specific two-ring compound having a low minimum temperature as a first component, a specific compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a second component, a specific compound having a low viscosity as a third component, and a specific compound having a large negative dielectric anisotropy as a fourth component. The liquid crystal display device contains the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuyuki Goto, Subaru Kawasaki, Norikatsu Hattori
  • Patent number: 8632861
    Abstract: Providing a liquid crystal composition satisfies at least one of characteristics like high maximum temperature of a nematic phase, low minimum temperature of the nematic phase, small viscosity, suitable optical anisotropy, large negative dielectric anisotropy, large specific resistance, high stability to ultraviolet light and high stability to heat or has a suitable balance regarding at least two of the characteristics. Providing an AM device has a short response time, a large voltage holding ratio, a large contrast ratio, a long service life and so forth. The liquid crystal composition has a negative dielectric anisotropy and contains a specific compound having large negative dielectric anisotropy as a first component, a specific two-ring compound having low minimum temperature and negative dielectric anisotropy as a second component and a specific two-ring compound having low viscosity as a third component. The liquid crystal display device contains the composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventor: Masayuki Saito
  • Patent number: 8617420
    Abstract: The invention provides an optically isotropic liquid crystal composition having: a liquid crystal component comprising a liquid crystal component A consisting of one or more compounds selected from the group consisting of compounds having difluoroalkenyl and compounds having alkenyl; and chiral dopants, wherein in the liquid crystal component, the content of compounds having 3 or more ring structures is approximately 15 wt % or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignees: JNC Corporation, JNC Petrochemical Corporation
    Inventors: Shin-ichi Yamamoto, Yasuhiro Haseba