Abstract: A denatured fuel ethanol composition for blending with fuels, including gasoline and diesel fuel. The composition includes an ethanol composition comprising at least 92 wt. % ethanol; and from 95 wppm to 1,000 wppm isopropanol; and at least 1.96 vol. % fuel denaturant.
August 3, 2011
Date of Patent:
March 11, 2014
Celanese International Corporation
Victor Johnston, Lincoln Sarager, R. Jay Warner, Heiko Weiner, Gerald Gruesendorf, Trinity Horton, Radmila Jevtic
Abstract: A compound such as Alq3 accumulated on the inner surface of a chamber at the time of organic EL device production and wasted is recovered and recycled, whereby the production cost is reduced. The inner surface of a chamber or the surface of components in the chamber to which a compound such as Alq3 has adhered is cleaned with a fluorinated alcohol such as 2,2,3,3,4,4,5,5-octafluoropentanol to recover Alq3.
Abstract: A waterless urinal employs a sealing liquid comprising 4-chloro-3-methylphenol in an amount effective to act as a biocide and a compound selected from the group consisting of
(1) branched aliphatic alcohols with C12 to C24 carbon chain lengths,
(2) a mix of the branched aliphatic alcohols and linear aliphatic alcohols with C10 to C18 carbon chain lengths,
(3) a mix of the branched aliphatic alcohols and linear aliphatic fatty acids with C14 to C18 carbon chain lengths, and
(4) a mix of the branched aliphatic alcohols, linear aliphatic alcohols with C10 to C18 carbon chain lengths, and linear aliphatic fatty acids with C14 to C18 carbon chain lengths.
Abstract: Aliphatic alcohol compositions that burn with a luminous flame. Lower aliphatic alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, and propanol burn with an essentially colorless flame. This is particularly hazardous when such alcohols are used as fuels for racing cars or other motor vehicles. If such alcohol fuels ignite during, for example, refueling or following a collision, the fire may initially go unnoticed because of virtually colorless flames. The alcohol compositions of the invention contain alcohol-soluble metal compounds such as compounds of sodium, barium and boron, which impart luminosity to the flames of such alcohol compositions. The alcohol compositions of the invention find utility as fuels for racing cars or other motor vehicles, as fuels for alcohol stoves and in other applications where lack of a luminous flame creates a safety hazard.
Abstract: The invention provides novel lignocaine benzyl benzoate hydrate which may be prepared by agitating a solution of lignocaine benzyl benzoate in water at a concentration of at least 5% w/w and at a temperature of 10.degree. to 35.degree. C. Anhydrous lignocaine benzyl benzoate may be prepared by heating the hydrate. The resulting anhydrous benzyl benzoate or the hydrate itself may be used, for example in the form of an aqueous solution, to denature organic substances such as ethyl alcohol.
Abstract: This patent discloses a new class of denaturants for commercial ethyl alcohol, particularly for use in mixtures such as Gasohol. These denaturants are the lower alcoholic esters of monocyclic naphthenic acids and are particularly useful because they can be added in very low concentrations and still provide a noxious flavor and odor to the alcoholic system to make it non-potable.
Abstract: A new chlorinated sucrose derivative, 2,6,1',6'-tetrachloro-2,6,1',6'-tetradeoxy-mannosucrose, is used as a bittering agent, e.g. to replace quinine sulphate, in ingestible compositions such as Indian tonic water, and in non-ingestible compositions.
Abstract: An emetic composition comprising a toxic chemical substance which is other than a herbicidal bipyridylium quaternary salt, which is not intended for oral ingestion but when so orally ingested passes into the blood through the stomach and digestive tract and for which treatment by induction of emesis is medically advisable and an emetically effective amount of an emetically active s-triazolo-[1,5-.alpha.]pyrimidine derivative, the ratio of emetic to toxic chemical being such as to induce emesis when the composition is orally ingested.
Abstract: A process is disclosed for a polymeric foam such as a polyurethane foam prepared from a reaction mixture comprising an organic polyisocyanate compound and a compound having more than one active hydrogen, wherein the blowing agent comprises a mixture of ethanol and dibutylphthalate. The molar ratio of ethanol to dibutylphthalate is preferably in the range of from about 1.5 to about 4.