Gaseous Or Gas-containing Patents (Class 252/571)
  • Patent number: 9899125
    Abstract: The present invention relates to medium- or high-voltage equipment having low environmental impact, including a leaktight enclosure in which there are located electrical components covered with a solid dielectric layer of varying thickness and a gaseous medium for providing electrical insulation and/or for extinguishing electric arcs that are likely to occur in said enclosure, and that comprises heptafluoroisobutyronitrile in a mixture with a dilution gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 20, 2018
    Assignee: ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD
    Inventors: Yannick Kieffel, Alain Girodet, Jacques Porte
  • Patent number: 9837801
    Abstract: The present invention provides medium- or high-voltage equipment including a leaktight enclosure in which there are located electrical components and a gas mixture for providing electrical insulation and/or for extinguishing electric arcs that are likely to occur in said enclosure, the gas mixture comprising heptafluoroisobutyronitrile, carbon dioxide, and oxygen in small quantities. Electrical components covered in a solid dielectric layer of varying thickness are located inside said leaktight enclosure of the equipment of the invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2017
    Assignee: ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD
    Inventors: Yannick Kieffel, Alain Girodet, Christophe Creusot, Jacques Porte
  • Patent number: 9257213
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and/or tetrafluoro methane (CF4), in a mixture with at least one further component being an at least partially fluorinated fluoroketone.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: ABB TECHNOLOGY AG
    Inventors: Mathias Ingold, Thomas Alfred Paul, Javier Mantilla, Oliver Cossalter, Judith Kessler, Navid Mahdizadeh
  • Publication number: 20150083979
    Abstract: An electrical device containing a dielectric fluid, the dielectric fluid comprising heptafluoroisobutyronitrile or 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-(trifluoromethoxy) propanenitrile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Michael G. Costello, Richard M. Flynn, Michael J. Bulinski
  • Patent number: 8961808
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene with E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene or E-1,1,1,4,4,5,5,5-octafluoro-2-pentene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Mark L Robin
  • Publication number: 20150028246
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions comprising HCFC-243db, HCFO-1233xf, HCFC-244db and/or HFO-1234yf and at least one additional compound. For the composition comprising 1234yf, the additional compound is selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFO-1243zf, HCFC-243db, HCFC-244db, HFC-245cb, HFC-245fa, HCFO-1233xf, HCFO-1233zd, HCFC-253fb, HCFC-234ab, HCFC-243fa, ethylene, HFC-23, CFC-13, HFC-143a, HFC-152a, HFC-236fa, HCO-1130, HCO-1130a, HFO-1336, HCFC-133a, HCFC-254fb, HCFC-1131, HFO-1141, HCFO-1242zf, HCFO-1223xd, HCFC-233ab, HCFC-226ba, and HFC-227ca. Compositions comprising HCFC-243db, HCFO-1233xf, and/or HCFC-244db are useful in processes to make HFO-1234yf. Compositions comprising HFO-1234yf are useful, among other uses, as heat transfer compositions for use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: BARRY ASHER MAHLER, MARIO JOSEPH NAPPA
  • Publication number: 20150014606
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene and E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Mark L. Robin, Joseph Anthony Creazzo, Gary Loh
  • Publication number: 20140305667
    Abstract: Azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1-chloro-2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene with E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene or E-1,1,1,4,4,5,5,5-octafluoro-2-pentene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Applicant: EI DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Mark L Robin
  • Patent number: 8852466
    Abstract: The present invention relates to switchgear for breaking a medium- or high-voltage electric current, which switchgear comprises a leaktight enclosure in which electrical components are found as well as a gaseous medium for extinguishing the electric arcs likely to occur in said enclosure, and which switchgear is characterized in that: the gaseous medium comprises at least one fluoroketone alone or in a mixture with at least one gas that does not form part of the fluoroketone family; the fluoroketone is present in the enclosure in part in the liquid state and in part in the gaseous state; and in that the enclosure further comprises means for absorbing molecular species that form after the ionization experienced by said fluoroketone during arcing. The invention also relates to a method of manufacturing said switchgear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: Schneider Electric Energy France
    Inventors: Yannick Kieffel, Daniel Piccoz, Alain Girodet
  • Patent number: 8795556
    Abstract: A hybrid photo-patternable dielectric material is provided that has dual-tone properties with a parabola like dissolution response to radiation. In one embodiment, the hybrid photo-patternable dielectric material includes a composition of at least one positive-tone component including a positive-tone polymer, positive-tone copolymer, or blends of positive-tone polymers and/or positive-tone copolymers having one or more acid sensitive positive-tone functional groups; at least one negative-tone component including a negative-tone polymer, negative-tone copolymer, or blends of negative-tone polymers and/or negative-tone copolymers having one or more acid sensitive negative-tone functional groups; at least one photoacid generator; and at least one solvent that is compatible with the positive-tone and negative-tone components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Qinghuang Lin
  • Patent number: 8790553
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a composition suitable for use in electrical equipment containing a dielectric fluid including an oil component, the oil component including one or both of crambe oil and high erucic acid rapeseed oil and one or both of esterified crambe oil and esterified high erucic acid rapeseed oil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Jose Humberto Lopes, David V. Mahoney, Rafael Garcia-Ramirez
  • Publication number: 20140190726
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use of a mixture comprising decafluoro-2-methylbutan-3-one and a carrier gas or dilution gas as a medium for electrical insulation and/or for extinction of electric arcs in a medium- or high-voltage electrical device. It also relates to a medium- or high-voltage electrical device in which electrical insulation and/or extinction of electric arcs is/are implemented by a mixture comprising decafluoro-2-methylbutan-3-one and a carrier gas or dilution gas. Applications: electrical transformers, gas-insulated lines for transporting or distributing electricity, set of busbars, electrical connection/disconnection devices (circuit breakers, switches, switch-fuse sets, disconnectors, earthing switches, contactors, etc.).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Applicant: SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES SAS
    Inventors: Yannick Kieffel, Alain Girodet, Daniel Piccoz
  • Publication number: 20140175341
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium. The insulation medium is characterized in that it comprises a fluoroketone having from 4 to 12 carbon atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Max-Steffen Claessens, Per Skarby
  • Patent number: 8753549
    Abstract: The disclosure is directed to a thermally-stable dielectric fluid. The dielectric fluid includes (a) an oil, (b) a substituted, hindered phenolic antioxidant having at least two substituted cresol groups being covalently bonded to each other through a methylene bridge, and (c) a substituted, diphenyl amine antioxidant having at least two substituted phenyl groups being covalently bonded to each other through an amine bridge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Suh Joon Han, Dale C. Schmidt, Christopher J. Tucker
  • Patent number: 8709303
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including a hydrofluoro monoether, the hydrofluoro monoether containing at least three carbon atoms. The insulation medium according has high insulation capabilities, in particular a high dielectric strength, and at the same time a low GWP. The invention further includes an insulation medium which is chemically and thermally stable also at temperatures above 140° C., which is non-toxic or has a low toxicity level, and which in addition is non-corrosive and non-explosive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: ABB Research Ltd.
    Inventors: Navid Mahdizadeh, Thomas Alfred Paul, Judith Kessler, Markus Bujotzek, Patrick Stoller, Max-Steffen Claessens, Per Skarby
  • Patent number: 8623233
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene and 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as dielectrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Mark L. Robin, Joan Ellen Bartelt
  • Patent number: 8580160
    Abstract: The disclosure is directed to a dielectric fluid. The dielectric fluid includes an algae oil. The algae oil includes a natural algae antioxidant. The natural algae antioxidant is selected from ?-carotene, astaxanthin, tocopherol, polyunsaturated triglycerides, and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Suh Joon Han, Dirk B. Zinkweg, Jeffrey M. Cogen, Steve Gluck
  • Publication number: 20130292614
    Abstract: An electrical device containing as a component a C3 to C15 fluorooxirane fluid dielectric is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2012
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Phillip E. Tuma, Richard M. Minday, Zhongxing Zhang, Michael G. Costello, Richard M. Flynn, John G. Owens, Michael J. Bulinski
  • Publication number: 20130277334
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including a fluoroketone containing 5 carbon atoms, in a mixture with a dielectric insulation gas component different from the fluoroketone, in particular air or an air component, the dielectric insulation medium, in particular the dielectric insulation gas, having a non-linearly increased dielectric strength that is larger than a sum of dielectric strengths of the gas components of the dielectric insulation medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventors: Javier Mantilla, Max-Steffen Claessens, Nicola Gariboldi, Stephan Grob, Per Skarby, Thomas Alfred Paul, Navid Mahdizadeh
  • Publication number: 20130265692
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including a hydrofluoro monoether, the hydrofluoro monoether containing at least three carbon atoms. The insulation medium according has high insulation capabilities, in particular a high dielectric strength, and at the same time a low GWP. The invention further includes an insulation medium which is chemically and thermally stable also at temperatures above 140° C., which is non-toxic or has a low toxicity level, and which in addition is non-corrosive and non-explosive.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 14, 2013
    Publication date: October 10, 2013
    Inventors: Navid Mahdizadeh, Thomas Alfred Paul, Judith Marold, Markus Bujotzek, Patrick Stoller, Max-Steffen Claessens, Per Skarby
  • Publication number: 20130221292
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium including sulphur hexafluoride (SF6) and/or tetrafluoro methane (CF4), in a mixture with at least one further component being an at least partially fluorinated fluoroketone.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Inventors: Mathias Ingold, Thomas Alfred Paul, Javier Mantilla, Oliver Cossalter, Judith Kessler, Navid Mahdizadeh
  • Patent number: 8440116
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a dielectric fluid composition and a method thereof. Also disclosed are viscosity modifiers and a method of lowering the viscosity of an oil-based dielectric fluid. The composition includes an oil with a high mono-unsaturated fatty acid content and one or more fatty acid alkyl esters, each having a fatty acid and an alkyl moiety, wherein the alkyl moiety of the fatty acid alkyl esters has 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and wherein both the oil and the fatty acid alkyl ester are in the range of 40%-60% v/v of the dielectric fluid composition. The viscosity modifier includes one or more fatty acid alkyl esters with an alkyl moiety and a fatty acid moiety, wherein the alkyl moiety has 1 to 4 carbon atoms. The method of lowering the viscosity includes blending the viscosity modifier and a vegetable oil-based dielectric fluid in a ratio of 40:60-60:40.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Inventors: Mohammed Amanullah, Syed M. Islam, Samer Chami, Gary Ienco
  • Publication number: 20130068989
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions comprising HFC-245eb and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-245fa, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-143a, HFC-134, HFC-134a, FC-1216, HFO-1234yf, HFC-254eb, HFO-1243zf, and HFC-254fb. Compositions comprising HFC-245eb are useful in processes to make HFO-1234yf. Also disclosed are compositions comprising HFO-1234yf and at least one additional compound selected from the group consisting of HFO-1234ze, HFC-254eb, HFC-254fb, HFO-1243zf, HFCHFC-245eb, HFC-245fa, HFC-245cb, HFC-236cb, HFC-236ea, HFC-236fa, HFC-227ea, HFC-227ca, HFO-1225yc, HFO-1225zc, HFO-1225ye, methane, ethane, propane, HFC-23, HFC-134, HFC-134a, HFO-1132a and FC-1216. Compositions comprising HFO-1234yf are useful as heat transfer compositions for use in refrigeration, air-conditioning and heat pump systems.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 21, 2013
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
  • Patent number: 8323523
    Abstract: A method of bevel edge processing a semiconductor in a bevel plasma processing chamber in which the semiconductor substrate is supported on a semiconductor substrate support is provided. The method comprises evacuating the bevel etcher to a pressure of 3 to 100 Torr and maintaining RF voltage under a threshold value; flowing a process gas into the bevel plasma processing chamber; energizing the process gas into a plasma at a periphery of the semiconductor substrate; and bevel processing the semiconductor substrate with the plasma.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2012
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Tong Fang, Yunsang S. Kim, Andreas Fischer
  • Patent number: 8318041
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a stable sediment dispersion which can be used above all as electrorheological (ERF) and/or magnetorheological fluid (MRF), a method for production thereof and also use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Forderung der Angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Jochen Uebe, Erich Seider, Silvia Gaul, Holger Bose
  • Publication number: 20120280189
    Abstract: A gaseous dielectric comprising a perfluoroketone of the formula Rf1—CO—Rf2, wherein each of Rf1 and Rf2 are perfluoroaliphatic groups, and use thereof in electrical devices, is described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2011
    Publication date: November 8, 2012
    Inventors: Karl J. Warren, Phillip E. Tuma, John G. Owens, Richard M. Minday
  • Publication number: 20120240477
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene that may be useful as heat transfer compositions, aerosol propellants, foaming agents, blowing agents, solvents, cleaning agents, carrier fluids, displacement drying agents, buffing abrasion agents, polymerization media, expansion agents for polyolefins and polyurethane, gaseous dielectrics, extinguishing agents, and fire suppression agents in liquid or gaseous form. Additionally, the present disclosure relates to compositions comprising 1,1,2,3-tetrachloropropene, 2-chloro-3,3,3-trifluoropropene, or 2-chloro-1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropane, which may be useful in processes to produce 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: EI DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Mario Joseph Nappa
  • Patent number: 8262924
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene with methyl formate, n-pentane, 2-methylbutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, n-butane or isobutane. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Patent number: 8097187
    Abstract: A dielectric fluid comprising hydrocarbon liquid admixed with an ester-based compound, wherein the ester-based compound is present in an effective amount to impart breakdown inhibiting properties to a paper insulation material when the dielectric fluid is in contact with the paper material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: Cooper Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin J. Rapp, Jerry L. Corkran, Gary A. Gauger, Charles Patrick McShane
  • Publication number: 20110309715
    Abstract: A dielectric insulation medium. The insulation medium is characterized in that it comprises a fluoroketone having from 4 to 12 carbon atoms.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventors: Max-Steffen Claessens, Per Skarby
  • Patent number: 8080185
    Abstract: A dielectric gaseous compound which exhibits the following properties: a boiling point in the range between about ?20° C. to about ?273° C.; non-ozone depleting; a GWP less than about 22,200; chemical stability, as measured by a negative standard enthalpy of formation (dHf<0); a toxicity level such that when the dielectric gas leaks, the effective diluted concentration does not exceed its PEL; and a dielectric strength greater than air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert G. Richard
  • Publication number: 20110240903
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene with methyl formate, pentane, 2-methylbutane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, dimethoxymethane, or cyclopentane. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: E. I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: MARK L. ROBIN
  • Publication number: 20110220832
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene with methyl formate, n-pentane, 2-methylbutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, n-butane or isobutane. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media. Also disclosed is a process of extinguishing or suppressing a fire by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 20, 2011
    Publication date: September 15, 2011
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Patent number: 7985355
    Abstract: A method for suppressing an electric arc or corona discharge includes providing a device capable of storing, transmitting, or generating an electrical current or field; and enveloping at least a portion of said device with a dielectric gas consisting essentially of: sulfur hexafluoride; a second component selected from the group consisting of nitrous oxide; carbon dioxide; trifluoromethane (R32); trifluoroiodomethane; octafluoropropane (R218); 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane (R125); propane (R290); 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf); 1,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yc); 1,1,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234zc); 1,1,1,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ze); 1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ye); 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225ye); 1,1,2,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225yc); 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225zc); (Z)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeZ); (Z)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yeZ); (E)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeE); (E)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-12
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Rajiv R. Singh, Robert G. Richard
  • Publication number: 20110147638
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene and a third component. Also disclosed are compositions where the third component is cyclopentane, methanol, dimethyoxymethane, methyl formate or perfluoro ethyl isopropyl ketone. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2010
    Publication date: June 23, 2011
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: Mark L. Robin, Joan Ellen Bartelt
  • Publication number: 20100320428
    Abstract: A dielectric gaseous compound which exhibits the following properties: a boiling point in the range between about ?20° C. to about ?273° C.; non-ozone depleting; a GWP less than about 22,200; chemical stability, as measured by a negative standard enthalpy of formation (dHf<0); a toxicity level such that when the dielectric gas leaks, the effective diluted concentration does not exceed its PEL; and a dielectric strength greater than air.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Publication date: December 23, 2010
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert G. Richard
  • Patent number: 7815821
    Abstract: A dielectric fluid comprising hydrocarbon liquid admixed with an ester-based compound, wherein the ester-based compound is present in an effective amount to impart breakdown inhibiting properties to a paper insulation material when the dielectric fluid is in contact with the paper material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2010
    Assignee: Cooper Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin J. Rapp, Jerry L. Corkran, Gary A. Gauger, Charles Patrick McShane
  • Patent number: 7807074
    Abstract: A dielectric gaseous compound which exhibits the following properties: a boiling point in the range between about ?20° C. to about ?273° C.; low ozone depleting; a GWP less than about 22,200; chemical stability, as measured by a negative standard enthalpy of formation (dHf<0); a toxicity level such that when the dielectric gas leaks, the effective diluted concentration does not exceed its PEL; and a dielectric strength greater than air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2010
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert G. Richard
  • Publication number: 20100243943
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of E-1,1,1,4,4,5,5,5-Octafluoro-2-pentene with methyl formate, n-pentane, 2-methylbutane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, dimethoxymethane, cyclopentane or Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as propellants. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2008
    Publication date: September 30, 2010
    Inventor: Mark L. Robin
  • Publication number: 20100171062
    Abstract: A method for suppressing an electric arc or corona discharge includes providing a device capable of storing, transmitting, or generating an electrical current or field; and enveloping at least a portion of said device with a dielectric gas consisting essentially of: sulfur hexafluoride; a second component selected from the group consisting of nitrous oxide; carbon dioxide; trifluoromethane (R32); trifluoroiodomethane; octafluoropropane (R218); 1,1,1,2,2-pentafluoroethane (R125); propane (R290); 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234yf); 1,2,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yc); 1,1,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234zc); 1,1,1,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ze); 1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234ye); 1,1,1,2,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225ye); 1,1,2,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225yc); 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropene (HFO-1225zc); (Z)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeZ); (Z)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-1234yeZ); (E)1,1,1,3-tetrafluoropropene (HFO-1234zeE); (E)1,1,2,3-tetrafluoro-2-propene (HFO-12
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2010
    Publication date: July 8, 2010
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Rajiv R. Singh, Robert G. Richard
  • Publication number: 20100078585
    Abstract: Azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are disclosed. The azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions are mixtures of Z-1,1,1,4,4,4-hexafluoro-2-butene with methyl formate, pentane, 2-methylbutane, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluorobutane, trans-1,2-dichloroethylene, 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane, dimethoxymethane, or cyclopentane. Also disclosed is a process of preparing a thermoplastic or thermoset foam by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as blowing agents. Also disclosed is a process of producing refrigeration by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as solvents. Also disclosed is a process of producing an aerosol product by using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions. Also disclosed is a process of using such azeotropic or azeotrope-like compositions as heat transfer media.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 28, 2008
    Publication date: April 1, 2010
    Applicant: E.I. DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventor: Mark Robin
  • Publication number: 20090095717
    Abstract: Provided are novel azeotrope-like compositions of SF6 and N2O, as well as methods of using the same. Also provided are methods of using SF6 compositions, including azeotrope-like compositions, including a method for suppressing an electric arc or corona discharge and a method for flame suppression. Further provided are electrical devices using such SF6 compositions as a dielectric insulating gas and rigid closed-cell foams having such SF6 compositions within the cells, wherein the foam is both thermally and electrically insulative.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2007
    Publication date: April 16, 2009
    Applicant: HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL INC.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Rajiv R. Singh, Richard R. Robert
  • Publication number: 20080135817
    Abstract: A dielectric gaseous compound which exhibits the following properties: a boiling point in the range between about ?20° C. to about ?273° C.; non-ozone depleting; a GWP less than about 22,200; chemical stability, as measured by a negative standard enthalpy of formation (dHf<0); a toxicity level such that when the dielectric gas leaks, the effective diluted concentration does not exceed its PEL; and a dielectric strength greater than air.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2006
    Publication date: June 12, 2008
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert G. Richard
  • Patent number: 7141188
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition comprising: (a) dielectric material; and (b) porogen comprising at least two fused aromatic rings wherein each of the fused aromatic rings has at least one alkyl substituent thereon and a bond exists between at least two of the alkyl substituents on adjacent aromatic rings. Preferably, the dielectric material is a composition comprising (a) thermosetting component comprising (1) optionally monomer of Formula I as set forth below and (2) at least one oligomer or polymer of Formula II as set forth below where Q, G, h, I, I, and w are as set forth below and (b) porogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Bo Li, Nancy Iwamoto, Boris Korolev, Paul G. Apen, Kreisler Lau, John G. Sikonia, Ananth Naman, Amauel Gebrebrhan, Nassrin Sleiman, Ruslan Zherebin
  • Publication number: 20040118819
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process gas for use during laser welding of nonferrous metallic workpieces with a laser beam focussed onto the workpiece to be welded and a laser diode as the laser beam source. According to the invention, the process gas contains at least carbon dioxide and/or oxygen. The process gas can, in addition to carbon dioxide and/or oxygen, also contain argon, nitrogen, helium and/or other precious gases.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 8, 2003
    Publication date: June 24, 2004
    Inventor: Wolfgang Danzer
  • Patent number: 6673259
    Abstract: Disclosed are azeotrope-like compositions comprising 1,1,1,3,3-pentafluoropropane and at least one C3 or C4 hydrocarbon, and optionally water, said compositions are environmentally desirable for use as refrigerants, aerosol propellants, metered dose inhalers, blowing agents for polymer foam, heat transfer media, and gaseous dielectrics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2004
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Kane D. Cook, Rajiv R. Singh, Gary M. Knopeck, Mary C. Bogdan, Hang T. Pham, Leslie Bement, David J. Williams, James M. Bowman
  • Patent number: 6632970
    Abstract: The present invention deals with the catalytic hydrogenation of fluid used to cool and dielectrically insulate an x-ray generating device within an x-ray system. According to the present invention, a method and apparatus are provided for hydrogenating fluid that has been exposed to x-rays to reduce the amount of H2 gas, free hydrogen atoms and unsaturated molecules in the fluid. The method comprises exposing the fluid within the x-ray system to a catalytically effective amount of catalyst. The catalyst operates in temperatures in the range of about 10-300° C. and pressures in the range of about 0.1-30 atmospheres. The catalyst may comprise a solid, non-soluble catalyst, a soluble catalyst, or a combination of both. A suitable solid, non-soluble catalyst comprises Group VIII elements and their compounds. Group VIII elements comprise iron, cobalt, nickel, ruthenium, rhodium, palladium, osmium, iridium and platinum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Robert J. Lyons
  • Publication number: 20030164479
    Abstract: The present invention comprises a mixture of hydrocarbons having a well-defined chemical composition that is suitable for use as a dielectric coolant in electrical equipment in general, and specifically in transformers. The dielectric coolants of the present invention are particularly suited for use in sealed, non-vented transformers, and have improved performance characteristics, including decreased degradation of the paper insulating layers, as well as a greater degree of safety and environmental acceptability. The present dielectric coolants comprise relatively pure blends of compounds selected from the group consisting of aromatic hydrocarbons, polyalphaolefins, polyol esters, and natural vegetable oils, along with additives to improve pour point, increase stability and reduce oxidation rate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2002
    Publication date: September 4, 2003
    Applicant: Cooper Industries, Inc., a Texas corporation
    Inventors: Gary L. Goedde, Gary A. Gauger, John Lapp, Alan P. Yerges
  • Publication number: 20030151031
    Abstract: The present invention provides a composition comprising: (a) dielectric material; and (b) porogen comprising at least two fused aromatic rings wherein each of the fused aromatic rings has at least one alkyl substituent thereon and a bond exists between at least two of the alkyl substituents on adjacent aromatic rings. Preferably, the dielectric material is a composition comprising (a) thermosetting component comprising (1) optionally monomer of Formula I as set forth below and (2) at least one oligomer or polymer of Formula II as set forth below where Q, G, h, I, I, and w are as set forth below and (b) porogen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2002
    Publication date: August 14, 2003
    Inventors: Bo Li, Nancy Iwamoto, Boris Korolev, Paul G. Apen, Kreisler Lau, John G. Sikonia, Ananth Naman, Amauel Gebrebrhan, Nassrin Sleiman, Ruslan Zherebin
  • Patent number: 6537380
    Abstract: A homogeneous non-aqueous composition containing a fluorinated solvent, ozone, and optionally a co-solvent and the use of these compositions for cleaning and oxidizing substrates is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2003
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Lawrence A. Zazerra, Frederick E. Behr, Michael J. Parent, Paul E. Rajtar