Venturi Scrubbers Patents (Class 261/DIG54)
  • Patent number: 6154909
    Abstract: In a method for suppressing the formation of sulfuric acid aerosols in exhaust gas purification systems, the exhaust gas is presprayed with water so that the temperature does not drop below the dew point of sulfuric acid in the exhaust gas, with this spraying taking place upstream from the gas scrubber, upstream from a prescrubber present in addition to the gas scrubber or upstream from a heat exchanger which is in turn upstream from the scrubber, and the gaseous sulfuric acid is absorbed by the water before the temperature drops below the dew point of the sulfuric acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: Preussen Electra Engineering GmbH
    Inventors: Hans-Joachim Dieckmann, Heinz Gutberlet
  • Patent number: 6149715
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method according to which the wet scrubbing of a gas flow is performed in at least three, advantageously six successive steps or phases, and the droplet separation of the scrubbed gases is carried out in a uniform cyclone-like droplet separator composed of several nested cylinders. The invention also relates to a method for momentarily bypassing, during a capacity rise, a scrubbing phase that causes pressure loss. As a result, there is obtained a clean and dropless gas that falls below the allowed dust content limits and can thus be either conducted to combustion or discharged in the open air. The invention also relates to an apparatus, a multiphase scrubber, for realizing the method. The invention is particularly suited to be used for scrubbing hot furnace gases from closed reduction furnaces, where said furnace gases contain easily inflammable components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2000
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Outokumpu OYJ
    Inventors: Veli Keinanen, Launo Lilja, Pekka Niemela, Janne Ollila
  • Patent number: 6149137
    Abstract: A quench system for cooling hot flue gases from combustion systems is disclosed. The quench system includes a venturi mounted in a quench vessel. The water level in the quench vessel may be raised or lowered in accordance with the flow rate of the gases to be quenched. When the pressure drop across the venturi is insufficient to achieve the desired cooling to adiabatic saturation temperature, the water level is increased so that the downcomer connected to the venturi is submerged and the additional pressure drop further cools the flue gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 21, 2000
    Assignee: Callidus Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Bruce C. Johnson, Robert R. Trimble, Randhir C. Desai
  • Patent number: 6120008
    Abstract: An apparatus and process for oxygenating a liquid. The apparatus includes a liquid pump fluidly connected to an injector having a liquid inlet forming a nozzle, a liquid outlet and an oxygen inlet therebetween, the injector arranged such that the injector liquid inlet is above the injector liquid outlet, and a downwardly opening first diffuser portion connected to the injector outlet. The first diffuser portion is serially connected to a second diffuser portion located below the first diffuser portion. Liquid being pumped by the pump is conducted downwardly through the injector and the first diffuser portion to the second diffuser portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2000
    Assignee: Life International Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Howard Littman, Kent L. Peterson
  • Patent number: 6102990
    Abstract: A multiphase scrubber for the wet scrubbing of gases in several different phases comprises at least three separate basic scrubbing units so that the scrubbing of the gas is carried out in at least three, advantageously six, successive steps. The droplet separation of the scrubbed gases is carried out in a uniform cyclone-like droplet separator composed of several nested cylinders. A clean dropless gas contains a dust content below the acceptable limit. The scrubber is suited for scrubbing hot furnace gases from closed reduction furnaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2000
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Veli Keinanen, Launo Lilja, Pekka Niemela, Janne Ollila
  • Patent number: 6051071
    Abstract: A dry pump (32) has an inlet connected to the oven (10) for the purpose of establishing the desired low pressure conditions inside the oven and for extracting residual gas therefrom, a hydrolysis reactor (50) is connected to an outlet of the dry pump in order to receive residual gases coming from the oven, the hydrolysis reactor includes a first outlet (52) for solid deposits or for acid solutions coming from hydrolysis of the gases it receives, and it has a second outlet (54) for gas which is connected to the atmosphere. Gas injection means (46, 48) are located between the inlet of the dry pump (32) and the hydrolysis reactor (50) to prevent any backflow from the hydrolysis reactor towards the pump. Water feed means (74, 76) are connected to the hydrolysis reactor (50), at least via the second outlet (54) thereof, in order to put into solution the acid vapors that come from the hydrolysis reactor, thereby avoiding discharging them in the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2000
    Assignee: Societe Nationale d'Etude et de Construction de Moteurs d'Aviation
    Inventors: Jean-Luc Charvet, Stephane Goujard
  • Patent number: 6036756
    Abstract: An improvement in a center inlet type scrubber that retrofit the scrubber with a perforated tray made up of rectangular or partially rectangular sections supported on beam supports in the annulus of the scrubber. The supports can be modified to form turning vanes or additional turning vanes can be employed. One or more perforated trays may be installed in the annulus to help correct the problem.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2000
    Assignee: The Babcock & Wilcox Company
    Inventors: Wadie F. Gohara, Norman D. Nelson
  • Patent number: 6019820
    Abstract: Gas is compressed in a liquid jet compressor to high pressures, e.g. at least 7 atm, by using liquid injected under high pressure, e.g. at least 16 atm, to obtain a high velocity liquid injection into the compressor, which aspirates the gas to be compressed into the compressor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2000
    Assignee: E. I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Glenn Fred Leverett
  • Patent number: 5773621
    Abstract: A gas dispersion pipe into which gas is introduced through its top end portion and blown out from its bottom end portion into liquid for gas-liquid contact, and a method and a device for gas-liquid contact employing the gas dispersion pipe are disclosed. The gas dispersion pipe has its top end portion formed in a contraction pipe with its horizontal cross-sectional area decreasing downward and/or its bottom end portion formed in a nozzle structure with its horizontal cross-sectional area decreasing downward. Instead of making the gas dispersion pipe with its bottom end portion in the nozzle structure, a gas guide member with its horizontal cross-sectional area increasing downward may be disposed within the bottom end portion of the gas dispersion pipe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1998
    Assignee: Chiyoda Corporation
    Inventors: Haruo Nisino, Akitaka Ide, Toshiaki Urata
  • Patent number: 5759233
    Abstract: An air pollution control system incorporating a venturi scrubber and a method of cleansing a particulate-laden, contaminated gas flow are disclosed. Spray nozzles are used to introduce optimized droplets of a scrubbing liquid into the venturi to maximize particle collection efficiency. The present invention discloses automatic control systems which adjust the venturi as the properties of the effluent gases change. For example, in one embodiment, the spray volume and/or droplet size is adjusted as the particle concentration changes. In another embodiment, the spray volume is increased as the volume of effluent gas decreases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: Envirocare International, Inc.
    Inventor: James J. Schwab
  • Patent number: 5683476
    Abstract: A stream of gas contaminated with particulate material is wetted by a liquid spray in a scrubber manifold. Positioned downstream of the liquid spray in the manifold is a bed of wire filaments extending transversely across the manifold and cocurrent with the liquid and gas flow through the manifold in a fan-shaped arrangement. The liquid spray impacts the filaments to fold a liquid film on the filaments. The particulate laden gas stream impacts the filaments and becomes entrained in the liquid on the filaments. The scrubbing liquid on the filament forms a particle collection surface which strips the solid contaminant particles from the gas along the filaments. The liquid and entrained particles flows by gravity down the filaments where the liquid drains with the contaminate as a film. The gas flow exits the manifold substantially free of particulate matter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 4, 1997
    Assignee: Advanced Technology Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Edward F. Divers
  • Patent number: 5649985
    Abstract: Apparatus for removing harmful substances of an exhaust gas discharged from a semiconductor manufacturing process are provided. The apparatus includes a mechanism for: removing at least one of a water-soluble component, a hydrolyzable component and dust contained in the exhaust gas discharged from semiconductor manufacturing equipment by water scrubbing; heating the water-scrubbed exhaust gas to thermally decompose a thermally-decomposable component contained therein; and removing dust generated by the thermal decomposition from the thermally-decomposed exhaust gas by water scrubbing to render the thermally decomposed exhaust gas into a clean exhaust gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1997
    Assignee: Kanken Techno Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hiroshi Imamura
  • Patent number: 5512085
    Abstract: An air pollution control system incorporating a venturi scrubber and a method of cleansing a particulate-laden, contaminated gas flow are disclosed. Spray nozzles are used to introduce optimized droplets of a scrubbing liquid into the venturi to maximize the collection efficiency for optically active particles. The spray nozzles introduce the optimized droplets substantially upstream of the throat of the venturi such that the spray mixes with the effluent gas flow and cools the gas flow to substantially its saturation temperature prior to entering the venturi throat. This promotes collection of condensibles and inhibits the revolatilization of contaminants that are collected by the scrubbing droplets which might otherwise evaporate in the hot gas flow. The optimized droplets are highly effective in rapidly cooling the effluent gas flow.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignee: EnviroCare International, Inc.
    Inventor: James J. Schwab
  • Patent number: 5484471
    Abstract: An air pollution control system incorporating a venturi scrubber and a method of cleansing a particulate-laden, contaminated gas flow are disclosed. Spray nozzles are used to introduce optimized droplets of a scrubbing liquid into the venturi to maximize particle collection efficiency. Due to the very small size of the spray droplets they absorb gases in quantities in excess of the amount predicted by Henry's law. After passing through the venturi the spray droplets are reconsolidated and flow to an enclosed container. Due to the applicability of Henry's law to the relatively large reconsolidated volume of scrubbing liquid, the liquid is naturally effervescent. Bubbles formed in the liquid volume cause suspended particles in the liquid to rise to the surface where they form an easily collected surface scum. The effervescent gases, at least some of which may be noxious, are then incinerated or otherwise treated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: January 16, 1996
    Assignee: Envirocare International, Inc.
    Inventor: James J. Schwab
  • Patent number: 5364599
    Abstract: A method and A multi-ejector type of system for efficiently purifying the polluted poisonous exhaust gas, which is inevitably generated from the progress of work of the manufactories of various kinds. This multi-ejector type of system comprises a pre-processing part and a post-processing part. The former part preliminarily removes dust from the exhaust gas and causes the temperature of the exhaust gas to be reduced to a predetermined degree, while the latter part neutralizes and washes the exhaust gas, which has been processed in the former part, so as to cause the pollutants to be completely removed from the exhaust gas. Here, the former part is connected to the latter part through a plurality of pipe lines. This multi-ejector type of system has a such simple construction that it is run on a small scale and is inexpensive and this makes the system be easily equipped without expensive burdensome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 15, 1994
    Assignee: Anico Co. Ltd.
    Inventor: Bup-Jong Lee
  • Patent number: 5336284
    Abstract: A throat section of a venturi for passing a flow of fluid therethrough comprises a plurality of spaced parallel physical barriers. The physical barriers are oriented parallel to the direction of fluid flow through the throat section. The throat section is installed in a throat zone of a venturi scrubber defined by an upstream zone having an unobstructed upstream section, a throat zone having the throat section, and a downstream section. The spaces between adjacent barriers are from about 3/16 inches to about 8 inches so as to create free stream zones between adjacent barriers. Each barrier may have a selected length which decreases with distance from the axis of the throat section. A method for treating a stream of effluent fluid containing entrained particulates by introducing the effluent fluid and target droplets into the throat section so as to promote impaction therebetween is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 9, 1994
    Assignee: Compliance Systems International, Inc.
    Inventor: Kenneth C. Schifftner
  • Patent number: 5279646
    Abstract: A venturi scrubbing system optimized for removing the most optically active sized particles from a gaseous effluent stream is disclosed. Before entering the venturi the effluent stream is subcooled to cause condensation of water vapor and other condensibles, thereby greatly reducing the volume of the effluent stream. In the venturi stage a scrubbing liquid is added in the form of droplets having a median diameter which is optimized to remove the optically active particles. Preferably, the median diameter of the scrubbing liquid droplets is between 10 and 200 microns. A two-fluid nozzle may be used to efficiently form the droplets. After passing through the scrubbing stage, which may also comprise one or more impingement plates, the cleansed effluent may be passed through an afterburner to remove combustible materials such as organic vapors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 18, 1994
    Assignee: Process and Control Technology Corporation
    Inventor: James J. Schwab
  • Patent number: 5122309
    Abstract: A device for quenching hot gases and to a method for quenching hot gases in which this device is employed. This quenching device includes a porous ceramic water distributor composed of a porous ceramic material, a water distributor plate and a means for feeding water to the water distributor plate. In operation, water is fed to the water distributor plate which then distributes water to the porous ceramic material through which the water flows. The water exiting the porous ceramic material flows down the inner wall of the quenching device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: Miles Inc.
    Inventor: Greg S. Moerer
  • Patent number: 5061408
    Abstract: The mass-transfer apparatus is based on the principle of the gas washer in which a liquid is injected into the hot gas stream. The apparatus consists essentially of a gas feed pipe (1), which discharges vertically into an injection chamber (2) of greater diameter. Connected to the injection chamber (2) is a mass-transfer duct (12) with a diffuser (13). The injection chamber (2) is closed at its upper end against the gas feed pipe (1) with an annular roof (4). In the annular roof (4) are arranged liquid nozzles (5), directed at an angle downwards. The gas feed pipe (1) does not terminate flush with the annular roof (4) but is extended into the injection chamber (2) in the form of a gas skirt tube (8), so that the liquid nozzles (5) in the annular roof (4) are protected from the hot gas stream.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 29, 1991
    Assignee: Bayer Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Werner Huning, Claus Gockel, Georg Richter, Werner Biester
  • Patent number: 5024686
    Abstract: This invention relates to a novel gas-liquid contacting apparatus and method utilizing recycle spray contact trays disposed within a substantially vertical vessel. Each contact tray contains one or more housings defined by upstanding vertical wall members, said housings being open to gas flow at top and bottom. Within the housings, liquid spray is continuously generated by means of gas flowing upward past a first array of spaced-apart gas venturi-generating liquid conductors. Liquid flows from the tray floor outside the housing through the liquid conductors, is distributed into the gas, and is entrained upward as spray by the gas venturi action. The major apart of the liquid spray is captured by an array of horizontal open-ended foraminous or perforated tubes, in substantial side-by-side contact with each other. The spray issuing laterally from the tubes impinges on the vessel walls and liquid therefrom drains downward or falls by gravity to the tray floor, where the process is repeated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 18, 1991
    Inventor: Bernard J. Lerner
  • Patent number: 5017331
    Abstract: A nuclear power plant includes a containment for the retention of radioactivity having an overpressure safety outlet. A filter connected to the outlet includes a vessel for receiving a scrubbing liquid up to a given liquid level, a venturi scrubber disposed in the vessel having an outlet disposed above the given liquid level, an impact plate disposed at the outlet of the venturi scrubber for mist collection, a metal-fiber filter downstream of the venturi scrubber having at least first and second layers with a thickness of from 10 to 20 mm, the first layer being a moisture collector with a fiber thickness of from 8 to and the second layer being an aerosol collector with a fiber thickness of from 2 to, and a mist collector downstream of the metal-fiber filter. The vessel has a top with a gas outlet downstream of the mist collector. A stack is connected to the gas outlet and leads to the atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1991
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Bernd Eckardt
  • Patent number: 5011520
    Abstract: A self-cleaning, hydrodynamic fume scrubber for scrubbing a gaseous phase effluent with a scrubbing liquid, includes an inlet stage for receiving the particulate laden gaseous effluent. A negative pressure stage creates suction by spraying a first pressurized component of the scrubbing liquid into a stream of the effluent passing from the inlet stage. A main scrubbing chamber includes at least one hydrodynamic spray assembly driven by a second pressurized component of the scrubbing liquid; a filter media layer disposed below the spray assembly for filtering and mixing the effluent gas and scrubbing liquid; a scrubbing liquid, scrubbed gas separation region below the filter media for separating and discharging scrubbed gas effluent collected therein; a splash plate or diverter plate at the lower boundary of the separation region; and, a scrubbing liquid reservoir below the splash plate in a lowermost region of the chamber for receiving excess scrubbing liquid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 1989
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Assignee: Vector Technical Group, Inc.
    Inventors: William J. Carr, Raymond S. Krummen
  • Patent number: 4981500
    Abstract: A Venturi Cooler for flue gas desulphurization devices sprays water through water spray nozzles on pipes positioned perpendicularly to the longitudinal flow direction of the cooler. It is important for the effectiveness of the diffused water that the speed of the flue gas does not fall below a certain limit. A simple adjustment of the cross section of the Venturi cooler to the respective flue gas amount can be achieved by arranging movable baffles on the pipes. The baffles are positionable to reduce the cross section of the Venturi cooler and leave the openings of the water spray nozzles free. They advantageously comprise rotatable sleeves surrounding the pipes and have rotatable flaps for fast adjustment of the cross section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1989
    Date of Patent: January 1, 1991
    Assignee: Thyssen Industrie AG
    Inventors: Heinz Krause, Horst Schulz
  • Patent number: 4922937
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for steam cleaning of conduit or exhausting of high velocity steam with minimum noise levels in which high velocity steam is expanded with the simultaneous introduction of a decelerating fluid such as water in the form of a fine dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 8, 1990
    Assignee: Naylor Industrial Services
    Inventor: Christopher J. Bloch
  • Patent number: 4921546
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for steam cleaning of conduit or exhausting of high velocity steam with minimum noise levels in which high velocity steam is expanded with the simultaneous introduction of a decelerating fluid such as water in the form of a fine dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 1, 1990
    Assignee: Naylor Industrial Services, Inc.
    Inventor: Christopher J. Bloch
  • Patent number: 4863677
    Abstract: A nuclear power plant includes a containment for containing activity carriers. An outlet in the form of an excess pressure safety device leads out of the containment. A filter connects the outlet to the atmosphere. The filter includes a container, a washing fluid disposed in the container, a Venturi scrubber being integrated in the container and connected to the outlet, the container having an upper region with a gas outlet, and a stack connected to the gas outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 5, 1989
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventor: Bernd Eckardt
  • Patent number: 4849057
    Abstract: A plant for the pyrolysis of waste material containing hydrocarbons has a cooling stage. In this cooling stage, the hot pyrolysis gas coming from the pyrolysis reactor is cooled by direct heat exchange with low-boiling pyrolysis oil which is obtained in a further cooling stage by condensation of pyrolysis gas. For this purpose, a multiplicity of spray nozzles disposed in the form of a ring are provided in the heat exchange channel of the cooling stage, with a spray direction of the nozzles pointing substantially downwards. The end of the hot gas line which connects the cooling stage to the pyrolysis reactor is located above the spray nozzles. At the same time, feed lines for a protective, buffer or blanketing gas end in this region. In addition, an annular channel encloses the heat exchange channel and has orifices in the inner wall surface of the heat exchange channel, so that pyrolysis oil fed through the line cools and wets the wall of the heat exchange channel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1988
    Date of Patent: July 18, 1989
    Assignee: BBC Brown Boveri Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Frank Steinstrasser, Gerhard Rossol
  • Patent number: 4834782
    Abstract: Apparatus and methods are disclosed for intimately mixing and contacting first and second fluids for purposes of scrubbing and cleaning one of the fluids with the other. The apparatus includes a venturi mixer device having a nozzle and feed conduit for mixing two fluid streams together. In addition, the venturi mixer device has an impingement member upon which the mixed stream of fluids impinge immediately following the mixing of the streams of fluid. The venturi mixer devices are preferably arranged in a cascade arrangement with subsequent devices being spaced a vertical distance from the previous respective devices. First and second fluids are mixed together in the initial venturi mixer device. The mixed effluents from the initial and intermediate venturi mixer devices are used as the drive fluid for subsequent, respective, downstream venturi mixer devices to further mix additional second fluid to the mixed effluents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1989
    Inventor: Robert E. Silva
  • Patent number: 4828768
    Abstract: A process for operating a jet scrubber includes inducing gas to flow through a venturi by spraying coarse liquid droplets into the venturi inlet. The liquid is sprayed at the minimum rate needed to pump the gas. Additional liquid is atomized into fine droplets and introduced into the venturi throat. The ratio of combined liquid flow rates to the gas flow rate is substantially greater than the ratio of the minimum liquid flow rate to the gas flow rate. Hydrogen sulfide gas can be cleaned from a gas stream using a Stretford liquid according to the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 9, 1989
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventor: Eli Talmor
  • Patent number: 4701194
    Abstract: In a gas treating device liquid is pressurized in a liquid chamber and is fed from this chamber into ejectors which open directly into venturi fittings which are surrounded by a gas chamber. Gas enters through an inlet into this gas chamber. A gas-liquid mixture enters from the venturi fittings into a tank, where the gas is separated from the liquid. Liquid from the tank is fed through a pump into the liquid chamber. Gas escapes from the tank into a discharge line comprising a de-mister.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1986
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1987
    Assignee: Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie, "S.C.K."
    Inventors: Charles Weyers, Michel Klein, Walter Goossens
  • Patent number: 4664060
    Abstract: A paint spray booth for painting articles, such as motor vehicles, having a housing with a bottom, a substantially horizontal floor spaced upwardly from the bottom and in which the floor divides the housing between an upper housing chamber and a lower housing chamber. The floor is flooded with water while a plurality of air scrubber units extend through the floor and fluidly connect the housing chambers together. Simultaneously, air is inducted from the upper chamber, through the air scrubber units and into the lower chamber so that the air scrubber units intermix the water and air together and so that paint particles entrained within the air become entrapped within the water. Each air scrubber utilizes a venturi to intermix the air and water together.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 12, 1987
    Assignee: Arthur B. Myr Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Jessie E. Roberts
  • Patent number: 4652407
    Abstract: In a dip-type cooler for cooling and washing flowing dust-laden hot gas, having a venturi passage which opens in a container with washing fluid therein, the edge of a feed pipe for feed of gas into the cooler, the edge of a protective tube surrounding the feed pipe and the upper edge of the venturi passage, are of such a configuration and arrangement that the diameter of the protective tube is between the diameter of the feed pipe and that of the intake of the venturi passage and the lower boundary edge of the protective tube terminates beneath the lower edge of the feed pipe and beneath the upper edge of the venturi passage, whereby wetting fluid and dust in the gas come into contact with each other in a region spaced from wall surfaces within the cooler, to avoid the formation of caked-on deposits within the cooler.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 24, 1987
    Assignee: Rheinische Braunkohlenwerke AG.
    Inventors: Johannes Lambertz, Mathias Sievernich
  • Patent number: 4619813
    Abstract: A gas absorption system is disclosed. The system comprises a vertical housing having a plurality of superposed absorption stages, each stage comprising a ball bed, a plurality of venturi tubes located below the ball bed through which gas is circulated upwardly from stage to stage, a piping system for circulating an absorption liquid at each stage, the level of the absorption liquid in each stage being maintained by overflow from stage to stage, a nozzle connected to the piping system and centered over each venturi tube pointing upwardly into the ball bed for spraying absorption liquid into the ball bed to react the gas circulated through each stage with the absorption liquid, and a cap for capping each venturi tube to prevent the absorption liquid from dripping from stage to stage through the venturi tubes. Each cap includes gas openings allowing gas to flow upwardly from stage to stage to be reacted with the absorption liquid in the ball bed of each stage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1985
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1986
    Assignee: Fraser Inc.
    Inventors: James A. Healey, Robert C. Duncan, Charles F. Roussel
  • Patent number: 4610850
    Abstract: Fibrides of synthetic heterochain polymers are produced by a non-equilibrium polycondensation of an aqueous alkaline solution of bifunctional compounds supplied into the reaction zone as a continuous stream oriented in the horizontal plane of the reaction zone to be acylated with diacyl chlorides of dicarboxylic acids in the state of a superheated vapor with a carrier supplied into the reaction zone in the vertical plane, contacting the reagents being effected in a cross-current stream under shear stress conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1983
    Date of Patent: September 9, 1986
    Assignee: Kalininsky Politekhnichesky Institut USSR
    Inventors: Vladimir A. Nikiforov, Savely A. Zhizhilev, Alexandr G. Mukhometzyanov, Lev B. Sokolov, Nison I. Gelperin, Tatyana I. Nikitina, Vikior I. Rabinovich
  • Patent number: 4608064
    Abstract: A spray booth that provides an improved, more uniform circulation of air past the operator and workpiece and a more effective cleaning of the air of oversprayed particulates. A plurality of water washes are utilized in the air cleaning section of the spray booth. The spraying section includes an open-faced front user portal with a grated flooring. The cleaning section includes three water washes. The first water wash underlies the grated flooring and has a spillway that slopes downward from the front of the portal towards the rear. The second water wash is disposed at the rear of the spraying section and includes a plurality of baffle surfaces that extend across the width of the spraying section from the ceiling toward the spillway, with the bottoms of the baffle surfaces and the surface of the spillway defining a space therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 26, 1986
    Assignee: Protectaire Systems Co.
    Inventor: Stanley C. Napadow
  • Patent number: 4603035
    Abstract: A Stretford process for removing hydrogen sulfide from a high volumetric flow gas stream includes devices for introducing transverse momentum components in a multiphase flow. These momentum components enhance gas/liquid contact and improve the efficiency of hydrogen sulfide removal. Various devices for introducing the momentum components are disclosed including baffle trays, static mixer and tertiary spray devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1986
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventors: David E. Connell, Colin M. Chapman
  • Patent number: 4598633
    Abstract: A spray booth has an intermediate grating type floor (20) through which air is circulated. The air passes through a cleaning liquid nozzle (A) and entrains and atomises cleaning liquid derived from an overflow trough (30) with weirs (46,48). A spent air channel (24) is enclosed by a cover (28) located at least 20 cm from a flow off edge (28a) of the cover. The cover may itself form part of the washing-liquid feed device. A guide channel leads from weir (40) to the upper edge of a slot (34) forming the orifice of liquid nozzle (A). The cover (28) shields the working area of the booth from the noise generated by the nozzle (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1985
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1986
    Assignee: Durr Anlagenbau GmbH
    Inventors: Eberhard Otto, Rolf Mutschelknaus, Andreas Hauptmann
  • Patent number: 4588425
    Abstract: A humidifier for pulmonary assistance systems which includes a transparent housing with an air passage extending therethrough and water reservoir. The passage includes a convergent-divergent section separated by a narrow throat. A narrow channel connecting the reservoir to the throat so that with the divergent section being open to the reservoir, the differential pressure between the reservoir and the throat causes water to flow into the air passage. A collection surface is provided in the divergent section for extracting water droplets from the air flowing through the passage, and a heating panel is provided for heating the water in the reservoir.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1986
    Assignee: Bunnell Life Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Joe Usry, Roger Atkins, Chris Faddis
  • Patent number: 4582515
    Abstract: A wet separator for purifying polluted conditioning air and separating solid and semi-liquid particles therefrom, especially paint particles in the outlet of a spray painting booth. For this purpose, there is a series of outlets with surfaces converging in the direction of flow into a neck or throat which increases the speed of passing media and thus achieves mixing of air, water and pollutants. According to the invention, beyond the first outlet in the direction of flow there is a dispersing chamber for further mixing and atomizing the mixture, which chamber terminates in the direction of flow in the second outlet, which is designed as a venturi with a more extensively throttled venturi opening defined by a flange extending into said opening. The outlets may be interconnected by a guiding surface, on which a dispersing stream of water droplets, air and pollutions impinge with a flat angle of impact adjacent to the second outlet at the lower end of the guiding surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1984
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1986
    Assignee: Flakt Aktiebolag
    Inventors: Jan-Mats Eneroth, Osten Maatta, Roland Soderholm
  • Patent number: 4578226
    Abstract: The invention relates to a venturi scrubber for dust-laden gases, includes an intake portion (1) whose duct (8) through which the gas flows progressively reduces in size in the direction of flow (5, 6), and a ring duct (13) for a fluid, which is disposed at the largest-diameter end (12) of the intake portion (1) and which is connected over its entire periphery to the duct (13) of the intake portion (1), through which the gas flows, wherein at least one feed conduit (17) for the fluid opens substantially tangentially into the ring duct (13). The duct (13) which is under an increased pressure is connected by way of a through-flow gap (27) to the duct (8) of the intake portion (1), through which the gas flows. The flow gap (27) is so formed and arranged that the fluid issues substantially parallel to the adjoining region of the wall (7) of the duct (8), along said wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1984
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1986
    Assignee: Rheinische Braunkohlenwerke AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang H. Adlhoch, Johannes Lambertz
  • Patent number: 4514196
    Abstract: The invention relates to an absorption tower (so-called scrubber) for gas washing in which the gas is introduced into the lower portion of the tower and flows upwards while making contact with a washing fluid. The tower (4) is provided with one or several washing stages (6-9), each comprising one or several venturi tubes (10) through which the gas is given a speed increase and the washing fluid is discharged through fluid nozzles (25) in the gas flow path. The venturi tubes in each washing stage are led through a common collecting baffle (11) for washing fluid which is then recirculated to the nozzles. Means (26,28,29) for liquid distribution are disposed in the upper portion of each venturi tube (10) and are arranged for fluid distribution in the gas flow in directions forming such angles to the vertical that the fluid flow will not fall backwards into the openings of the venturi tubes even if the gas flow through the tower is interrupted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1985
    Assignee: Flakt Aktiebolag
    Inventor: Bo Herrlander
  • Patent number: 4511544
    Abstract: A Stretford process for removing hydrogen sulfide collects a horizontal pool of liquid downstream of the primary gas/liquid contactor and accelerates a multiphase flow along the surface of that pool and along a serpentine path. Additional gas-liquid contact is effected by the interaction of multiphase flow and structural components establishing the pool and causing the acceleration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1983
    Date of Patent: April 16, 1985
    Assignee: Chevron Research Company
    Inventors: David E. Connell, Colin M. Chapman
  • Patent number: 4483698
    Abstract: Apparatus for washing paint mist from exhaust air from a spray-painting operation draws the exhaust air, paint mist, and a washing liquid down a funnel inlet into an open ended cylindrical mixing chamber. In the mixing chamber, they turbulently spiral outwardly to exit said chamber through the open ends thereof. An elongated blocking structure is centrally disposed in said mixing chamber to block access of exhaust air to the central portion of the mixing chamber which has low spiral turbulence and thus low mixing efficiency. The inlet to the mixing chamber and the open end outlets therefrom preferably form venturies to further increase the mixing efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: November 20, 1984
    Assignee: Werner & Pfleiderer
    Inventors: Gunther Kuchenthal, Joachim Klingner
  • Patent number: 4469493
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for the purification of gases, and especially to the purification of industrial flue gases, of solid and/or gaseous impurities. In the method, the gases are scrubbed during a scrubbing stage by spraying into them scrubbing liquid and water, and the drops of liquid are removed from the gases during a drop separation stage. Prior to the scrubbing stage the hot gases are moistened in a pre-moistening stage by spraying into them scrubbing liquid in such a manner that the scrubbing liquid partly vaporizes. The scrubbing liquid is preferably sprayed countercurrently in relation to the gases. The apparatus for the purification of gases consists of a scrubbing unit (3, 4), a drop separation unit (5), devices for circulating the scrubbing liquid countercurrently in relation to the gases, devices for the cooling, regeneration and recycling of the scrubbing liquid, and a pre-moistening unit (2) for the moistening of the gases.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1982
    Date of Patent: September 4, 1984
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oy
    Inventors: Frans H. Tuovinen, Kalervo Lehtola
  • Patent number: 4464309
    Abstract: A mass of energy transfer device is disclosed which is adapted for intermixing a liquid and a gas phase for the purpose of mass, heat or kinetic energy transfer between the phases. The transfer device includes a plurality of individual substantially tubular mixing elements each of which receives a high velocity spray of the liquid phase for substantially longitudinal travel therein and draws the gas phase into a throat and diffuser through a substantially axisymmetrical opening. The mixing elements are mounted into an enveloping vessel the interior of which is in fluid communication with a source of the gas phase. Efficiency of the device is disclosed to depend exponentially on the ratio of the momentum range of the liquid spray to the throat diameter which is related to the ratio of the slip velocity of the liquid and gas to the velocity of the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 1982
    Date of Patent: August 7, 1984
    Inventor: Hans D. Linhardt
  • Patent number: 4460517
    Abstract: A venturi scrubber apparatus for separating and collecting particulate matter from gases. A stream of incoming gas is divided into a plurality of flow channels which provide input to one of a parallel plurality of venturis. Water is injected proximate the inlets of the convergent sections of the venturi passages. Alternately, a manifold also distributes water at the throat entrance along the longitudinal center line of a rectilinear throat, permitting enlargement of throat width in a range of fifteen to twenty inches with effective scrubbing. Pivoting vanes in the throat provide a variable-area throat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1984
    Inventor: Ralph R. Calaceto
  • Patent number: 4440554
    Abstract: An improved scrubbing device suitable for use in modular paint spray booths for extracting particulate matter entrained in a gas stream. The device includes an angularly inclined flood sheet adapted to be flooded with a continuous sheet of liquid and formed with a trough having a plurality of removable venturis disposed in spaced relationship through which the gas stream passes in a manner to effect atomization of the liquid flowing therethrough for scrubbing and extracting the particulate matter in the gas stream. Each venturi can be readily removed for periodic cleaning and service as well as replacement by alternative venturi configurations to modify the scrubbing characteristics thereof consistent with changes in the type and loading of particulate matter in the gas stream thereby achieving continuous optimum operating efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1982
    Date of Patent: April 3, 1984
    Assignee: Gallagher-Kaiser Corp.
    Inventor: Geoffrey A. Perry
  • Patent number: 4439274
    Abstract: The emission of solid particles during the discharging of a horizontal coking oven or furnace is substantially reduced or eliminated. For this purpose the hot air and gas convection flow which carries the solid particles substantially vertically upwardly is exposed to a shower or spray of water drops which are directed substantially horizontally into the upward convection flow. The volume, surface tension, density and speed of the water drops are coordinated relative to one another so that the water drops are loaded by taking up the solid particles whereupon the loaded drops sink down in a countercurrent flow to the upward convection flow. The solid particles carrying the water drops are removed from the convection flow by a plurality of baffles arranged in a chimney or stack in a staggered relationship so that the upward convection flow can pass through between adjacent baffles which are inclined toward respective collecting channels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 1981
    Date of Patent: March 27, 1984
    Assignee: Hartung, Kuhn & Co. Maschinenfabrik GmbH
    Inventors: Walter Goossens, Wolfgang Schrank
  • Patent number: 4411846
    Abstract: Jet venturi apparatus for absorbing a gas by washing liquid provided with stack of packings extending across the throat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1983
    Assignee: Hoechst Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Ulrich, Manfred Trautmann, Gunter Heck, Egon Malow
  • Patent number: 4401444
    Abstract: Submicron particulates are removed from an effluent gaseous stream by nucleation. The nucleation is effected at isothermal conditions by varying the static pressure of the gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1983
    Assignee: Teller Enviromental Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Aaron J. Teller