Vinylidene Chloride Or Fluoride Containing Layer Patents (Class 264/173.13)
  • Patent number: 10442126
    Abstract: A coextrusion feedblock is disclosed having a housing, a central extrusion channel, a coextrusion channel, a rotatable combining plane, a rotatable profile actuator, and a profiled bar mounted removably on the rotatable profile actuator. The central extrusion channel and the coextrusion channel pass through the housing. The rotatable combining plane and the rotatable profile actuator are positioned on opposite sides of the coextrusion channel so as to confront each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventors: Salvatore G. Iuliano, Dale P. Pitsch, Michael K. Truscott, Brian M. Andrea
  • Patent number: 9327441
    Abstract: An adjustable feedblock configured for adjusting the thicknesses of each layer of the juxtaposed extrudates forming a laminate. The feedblock includes at least one pair of opposing combining planes and at least one pair of opposing extrudate distribution blocks that are removably disposed within the housing of the feedblock. As such, the combining planes and the extrudate distribution blocks partially define portions of the flow paths for the extrudates that form the laminate within the housing of the feedblock. A method for forming a laminate having juxtaposed layers of extrudates of adjustable thicknesses is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: Nordson Corporation
    Inventors: John A. Ulcej, Michael K. Truscott
  • Publication number: 20150024188
    Abstract: A polymer-based multilayer film including a combination of desirable properties, such as relatively high chemical resistance and relatively good gas barrier properties. Specifically, in various embodiments, a multilayer film may include at least one layer having relatively high chemical resistance and at least one other layer having relatively good gas barrier properties. In one particular embodiment, the present disclosure relates to a multilayer film structure having a core layer of a fluoropolymer containing chlorine and a fluoropolymer containing chlorine and oxygen and an outer layer operably bonded on one side of the core layer and comprising a perfluorinated fluoropolymer. The core layer may be a blended layer of the fluoropolymer containing chlorine and the fluoropolymer containing chlorine and oxygen, or the core layer may be a sandwiched structure having at least one layer of the fluoropolymer containing chlorine and at least one layer of the fluoropolymer containing chlorine and oxygen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventor: Vishwas Vyankatrao Pethe
  • Publication number: 20140170344
    Abstract: A multi-layer sheet structure is provided. The multi-layer sheet structure comprises at least one structural layer comprising high impact polystyrene and at least one moisture barrier layer comprising greater than about 30 percent cyclic olefin copolymer by weight of the at least one moisture barrier layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2013
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: SPARTECH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Pranabes K. Pramanik, Gregory M. Dixon
  • Publication number: 20140030500
    Abstract: The present invention relates to films comprising a number of repeating microlayer units. The repeating units include one layer made from a barrier resin derived from one or more monomers having at least one oxygen atom, and one layer comprising a non-polar polyolefin. By ensuring that the micro layers are a micron or less it has been discovered that the microlayers adequately adhere to each other without the need for a tie layer between the polar and non-polar layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 13, 2011
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Peter Sandkuehler, David Munoz, Ester Baiget
  • Publication number: 20130312898
    Abstract: The present invention provides multiple layer interlayers having a soft inner polymer layer and relatively stiff outer layers that can be laminated without unacceptable optical distortion and used in various multiple layer glass panel type applications. Multiple layer interlayers of the present invention have surface topography that is formed by controlling the melt fracture that occurs at the exposed surface of the interlayer, or individual layers of the multiple layer interlayer, during formation of the interlayer. By precisely controlling the surface topography of the interlayer, lamination of the interlayer with a rigid substrate does not lead to unacceptable optical distortion caused by the transfer of the surface topography through outer, stiffer layers into softer, internal layers of the interlayer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: Solutia Inc.
    Inventors: David Paul Bourcier, John Joseph D'Errico, Jean-Pierre Etienne, Gary Matis
  • Patent number: 8377354
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of producing a film comprising at least one layer of a thermoplastic fluoro-polymer and at least one layer of another polymer (A). The inventive method consists in using extrusion blow molding to coextrude a fluoro-polymer and polymer (A) which adhere to one another; with a layer of another thermoplastic polymer (B) such that it forms a layer which is adjacent to the fluoropolymer/polymer (A) layer According to the invention, the thermoplastic polymer (B) is incompatible with the fluoro-polymer and polymer (A) and has adequate extrudate behavior to support the layers of fluoro-polymer and/or polymer (A). Once the coextrudate has been cooled, by separating the layer(s) of (B), at least the film is recovered, said film comprising at least one layer of a polymer selected from among thermoplastic fluoro-polymers and polymers (A).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Arkema France
    Inventors: David Silagy, Gérard Reignier, Philippe Bussi
  • Patent number: 8221890
    Abstract: A multilayer composite which has improved adhesion between the layers, with the following layers: I. an inner layer I selected from among a fluoropolymer molding composition and a polyolefin molding composition; II. a bonding layer II which has the following composition: a) from 2 to 80 parts by weight of a polyamine-polyamide graft copolymer, b) from 0 to 85 parts by weight of a polyester, c) from 0 to 85 parts by weight of a polymer selected from among polyamides, fluoropolymers and polyolefins, where the sum of the parts by weight of a), b) and c) is 100; d) not more than 50 parts by weight of additives; III. a layer III of a polyester molding composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Guido Schmitz, Harald Haeger, Hans Ries
  • Patent number: 8182908
    Abstract: Microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size, methods of making microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size, and methods of using microporous membranes having a relatively large average pore size are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: James S. Mrozinski
  • Patent number: 8048351
    Abstract: A hose for use in bio-pharmaceutical applications includes an innermost tubular layer made from a fluoropolymer material. The tubular layer has an inner, relatively smooth and pure surface that defines an opening for transfer of various media. A layer of silicone is disposed next to an outer surface of the innermost tubular layer through use of, for example, an extrusion method. The outer surface of the tubular layer may first be modified by various treatments or chemicals to facilitate the adhesion of the silicone layer thereto. The silicone material may be solid or foamed. A reinforcement layer may be disposed adjacent to an outer surface of the silicone layer. The reinforcement layer may be formed of a wire braid having gaps. An outer jacket of silicone may be attached to the reinforcement layer and to the inner silicone layer through the gaps in the reinforcement layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Swagelok Company
    Inventor: Robert Bentley
  • Publication number: 20110135916
    Abstract: Multilayer films are provided which include at least a core layer and a sealant skin layer, and optionally a first tie layer intermediate the core layer and the sealant skin layer. The sealant skin layer includes a first polymer component having a heat of fusion of less than 75 J/g and a second polymer component. The multilayer film preferably has a seal strength greater than about 200 g/2.54 cm for a seal formed on a crimp sealer at a temperature of at least 93.3° C. The core layer may include a nucleating agent and a hydrocarbon resin. The multilayer film may be biaxially oriented and may be useful in packaging applications.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2009
    Publication date: June 9, 2011
    Inventor: Pang-Chia Lu
  • Publication number: 20110048512
    Abstract: The backsheet comprises a coextruded multilayer sheet that comprises: i) an inner layer comprising a polyolefin resin; ii) a core layer comprising a polypropylene resin, a blend of a polypropylene resin and a maleic anhydride grafted polypropylene (MAH-g-PP), or a polypropylene resin/MAH-g-PP multilayer structure; iii) an outer layer comprising a maleic anhydride grafted polyvinylidene fluoride (MAH-g-PVDF), a blend of a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and a MAH-g-PVDF, or a PVDF/MAH-g-PVDF multilayer structure; iv) a first tie layer between the core layer and the outer layer; and v) an optional second tie layer between the core layer and the inner layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2010
    Publication date: March 3, 2011
    Inventors: Lih-Long Chu, Xuming Chen
  • Publication number: 20100272936
    Abstract: A multilayer structure comprises at least one barrier layer comprising at least one vinylidene chloride polymer, at least one UV protecting layer, and at least one reflective layer wherein none of these layers also serve as a sealing layer. The multilayer structure is preferably a film, more preferably in the form of a pouch, preferably for packaging flowable product, especially milk. When used as a milk pouch, the structure is more effective at protecting milk from deterioration at ambient temperature and humidity than is a similar multilayer structure having an ethylene vinyl alcohol barrier layer. The multilayer structure preferably has more than one reflective layers and is preferably in the form of a pillow pouch.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2008
    Publication date: October 28, 2010
    Applicant: DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventors: Michael D. White, Carlos E. Ruiz, Claudia Hernandez, Steven R. Jenkins
  • Patent number: 7632439
    Abstract: Porous polymeric membranes including HALAR® (poly(ethylene chlorotrifluoroethylene)) and related compounds and the methods of production thereof which avoid the use of toxic solvents. Preferred solvents, coating agents and pore forming agents are citric acid ethyl ester or glycerol triacetate. The membranes may be in the form of a hollow fiber or flat sheet, and may include other agents to modify the properties of the membranes, such as the hydrophilic/hydrophilic balance. Leachable agents may also be incorporated into the membranes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2009
    Assignee: Siemens Water Technologies Corp.
    Inventors: Daniel Mullette, Heinz-Joachim Muller
  • Patent number: 7514141
    Abstract: The invention relates to a biaxially oriented polyester film having a base layer (B) which comprises at least 80% by weight of a polyester comprised of from 55 to 90 mol % of units deriving from at least two aromatic dicarboxylic acids and of from 5 to 45 mol % of units deriving from at least one aliphatic dicarboxylic acid, where the total of the dicarboxylic-acid-derived molar percentages is 100. The film features ultimate tensile strength of ?100 N/mm2 and modulus of elasticity of ?3000 N/mm2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2009
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Polyester Film GmbH
    Inventors: Oliver Klein, Herbert Peiffer, Gottfried Hilkert
  • Patent number: 7479322
    Abstract: A radiation-curable composite layered sheet or film comprising at least one substrate layer and one outer layer, said outer layer being composed of a radiation-curable composition having a glass transition temperature of more than 40° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2009
    Assignees: BASF Aktiengesellschaft, DaimlerChrysler AG
    Inventors: Rainer Koeniger, Erich Beck, Achim Grefenstein, Reinhold Schwalm, Margit Veeh, Claudia Vogel, Walter Aichholzer, Thomas Gruber, Karl Holdik
  • Patent number: 7128861
    Abstract: In a method for producing hollow fiber membranes which comprises melt kneading a mixture comprising polyvinylidene fluoride and an organic liquid or a mixture comprising polyvinylidene fluoride, an organic liquid and an inorganic fine powder, extruding the kneaded mixture to form hollow fibers, and extracting the organic liquid or the organic liquid and the inorganic fine powder from the hollow fibers, which includes the steps of drawing the hollow fibers before or after termination of the extraction and then shrinking the fibers. According to this method, it is possible to stably produce hollow fiber membranes having dense pores and having a high water permeation performance, excellent endurance and stain resistance, and which are suitable for filtration uses such as removal of turbidity of water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2006
    Assignee: Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Hamanaka, Tetsuo Shimizu
  • Patent number: 6998084
    Abstract: A colored coating for an article is provided including a first layer polymeric coating material with a transparent base which has been pigmented to a desired color and extruded, a second layer of transparent polymeric coating material which has been co-extruded with the first layer and a third layer of polymeric coating material co-extruded with the first layer opposite the second layer, the third layer being more opaque than the first layer. The invention, while having widespread application, is particularly suitable for use as a coating for an exterior surface of an automotive vehicle body panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2006
    Assignee: DaimlerChrysler Corporation
    Inventor: John Horansky
  • Patent number: 6814913
    Abstract: A tray-type package is disclosed which includes a polyester support member, a product contained on the support member, and a lidding film containing the product and sealed to the periphery of the support member, the lidding film including a sealant layer of a polyester copolymer having greater than about 50% by mole of glycol polymerization units. Preferably, the support member is a foamed or nonfoamed polyethylene terephthalate (PET) tray and the lidding film is a multilayer film which includes a glycol-modified PET sealant layer. Also disclosed is a lidding film having a sealant layer of a blend of a glycol-modified PET and at least one further polymeric component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Assignee: Cryovac, Inc.
    Inventor: Walter B. Mueller
  • Patent number: 6632383
    Abstract: A method for producing an improved coextruded polymeric film is disclosed. First, a base layer containing a polymeric matrix and at least one additional layer on at least one side of the base layer are coextruded. If the coextruded polymeric film is to be opaque, the base layer also contains at least one cavitating agent. Next, the coextruded multi-layer film is cooled. Finally, the coextruded multi-layer film is oriented in at least the machine direction (MD). At least the base layer of the coextruded polymeric film contains a fluoropolymer. The inclusion of the fluoropolymer in at least the base layer of the coextruded polymeric film provides a more even distribution of polymer flow through a die, which in turns leads to improved film gauge uniformity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2003
    Assignee: ExxonMobil Oil Corporation
    Inventor: Robert G. Peet
  • Publication number: 20030116880
    Abstract: A tray-type package is disclosed which includes a polyester support member, a product contained on the support member, and a lidding film containing the product and sealed to the periphery of the support member, the lidding film including a sealant layer of a polyester copolymer having greater than about 50% by mole of glycol polymerization units. Preferably, the support member is a foamed or nonfoamed polyethylene terephthalate (PET) tray and the lidding film is a multilayer film which includes a glycol-modified PET sealant layer. Also disclosed is a lidding film having a sealant layer of a blend of a glycol-modified PET and at least one further polymeric component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 14, 2002
    Publication date: June 26, 2003
    Inventor: Walter B. Mueller
  • Patent number: 6562443
    Abstract: A heat shrinkable film suitable for use in cook-in applications is provided which exhibits a transverse direction free shrink at 50° C. of less than about 2% and a transverse direction free shrink at 57° C. of at least about 3%. The food contact layer includes a polymer having a surface energy of at least about 0.034 J/m2 and a second layer includes at least one member selected from the group consisting of polyester, polyvinylidene chloride, polyamide and polyalkylene carbonate. Preferably, the desired shrink properties are attained by annealing the film under controlled conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Cryovac, Inc.
    Inventors: R. Karina Espinel, Ram K. Ramesh
  • Publication number: 20020114951
    Abstract: A colored coating for an article is provided including a first layer polymeric coating material with a transparent base which has been pigmented to a desired color and extruded, a second layer of transparent polymeric coating material which has been co-extruded with the first layer and a third layer of polymeric coating material co-extruded with the first layer opposite the second layer, the third layer being more opaque than the first layer. The invention, while having widespread application, is particularly suitable for use as a coating for an exterior surface of an automotive vehicle body panel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Publication date: August 22, 2002
    Inventor: John Horansky
  • Patent number: 6409952
    Abstract: The present invention is a system and process for drying and extruding a cellulosic compound. The compound materials are provided to a mixer in a desired ratio. The compound materials are then mixed together. Thereafter, the compound materials can be stored in a non-controlled environment until needed. When it is time to extrude the compound materials, the compound materials are transferred to a dryer at a location remote from the mixer. The dryer has a surface area enabling the compound materials to be sufficiently spread out for drying. The compound materials are substantially uniformly dried to a desired level in the dryer. The compound materials are then transferred to an extruder to be formed into a final net shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2002
    Assignee: Crane Plastics Company Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Wayne E. Hacker, Matthew F. Kollar, Robert W. Heigel
  • Publication number: 20020028309
    Abstract: A tubular, multilayer film comprises a central barrier layer and a pair of adhesive layers on opposite sides of the central barrier layer. The adhesive layers completely cover the central barrier layer. Opposing edges of the central barrier layer overlap longitudinally along the tubular, multilayer film. The total thickness of the central barrier layers in the overlapping portion is substantially the same as the thickness of the central barrier layer in the non-overlapping portion. The tubular, multilayer film also includes inner and outer surface layers. The inner surface layer extends completely around the interior of the tubular, multilayer film, and the outer surface layer extends completely around the exterior of the tubular, multilayer film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2001
    Publication date: March 7, 2002
    Inventors: Joseph Dooley, Steven R. Jenkins, John A. Naumovitz
  • Publication number: 20010055692
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a biaxially oriented multi-layer film which comprises: (a) a core layer comprising a syndiotactic propylene homopolymer; and (b) at least one additional layer adjacent to the core layer comprising a polymer which is an ethylene or a propylene homopolymer, ethylene copolymer or terpolymer containing comonomers of propylene and/or butene-1. Optionally, there can be a skin layer applied to the exposed surface of the outer layer. The skin layer and/or the at least one additional layer is a polyolefin selected from the group consisting of isotactic polypropylene, polyethylene, ethylene-propylene random copolymer, ethylene-propylene block copolymer or ethylene-propylene-butene-1 terpolymer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 17, 1999
    Publication date: December 27, 2001
    Inventors: MICHAEL T. HEFFELFINGER, JAY K. KEUNG, ROBERT G. PEET
  • Publication number: 20010008694
    Abstract: The present invention provides highly oriented multilayer films. They are produced by coextruding or laminating films having at least one layer of a fluoropolymer, at least one layer of a polyolefin homopolymer or copolymer and an intermediate adhesive layer of a polyolefin having at least one functional moiety of an unsaturated carboxylic acid or anhydride thereof. With this structure the polyolefin layer allows the fluoropolymer layer to be stretched up to ten times its original length. Such a high orientation ratio for the fluoropolymer film increases the mechanical strength, toughness, and water vapor barrier properties of the film while using a thinner gauge fluoropolymer film. Coextrusion processing can be done at higher temperatures, i.e. in the range of from at about 280° C. to about 400° C. These temperatures allow films to be produced in the absence of polymer degradation and film melt fracture.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2001
    Publication date: July 19, 2001
    Applicant: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: Mingliang Lawrence Tsai, Yash Pal Khanna, Joseph Edgar Mackey
  • Patent number: 6238607
    Abstract: A method of producing highly oriented multilayer films comprising laminating films having at least one layer of a fluoropolymer, at least one layer of a polyolefin homopolymer or copolymer and an intermediate adhesive layer of a polyolefin having at least one functional moiety of an unsaturated carboxylic acid or anhydride thereof. With this structure the polyolefin layer allows the fluoropolymer layer to be stretched up to ten times its original length. Such a high orientation ratio for the fluoropolymer film increases the mechanical strength, toughness, and water vapor barrier properties of the film while using a thinner gauge fluoropolymer film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2001
    Assignee: AlliedSignal Inc.
    Inventors: Mingliang Lawrence Tsai, Yash Pal Khanna, Joseph Edgar Mackey
  • Patent number: 6207091
    Abstract: A process for producing a fluoroplastic drawn molded article is disclosed in which a fluoroplastic molded article is brought into contact with a heating medium set at a temperature exceeding the static melting point of the molded article and drawn at a temperature at which the molded article does not substantially melt. The fluoroplastic drawn molded article produced in accordance with the present invention is significantlly improved in physical properties such as tensile strength and tensile modulus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: Nippon Mitsubishi Oil Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuo Kanamoto, Ryoukei Endo, Hiroki Uehara
  • Patent number: 6203750
    Abstract: A process of making a biaxially-oriented multilayer film, comprises extruding a tubular multilayer tape and inflating the tape so that the tape is biaxially oriented by stretching in the transverse direction and machine direction at the same time, so that a tubular multilayer film is formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 20, 2001
    Assignee: Cryovac, INC
    Inventors: Kelly R. Ahlgren, Ram K. Ramesh