Carbonizing To Form Article Patents (Class 264/29.1)
  • Patent number: 10449517
    Abstract: Chromatography media including a high surface area thermoplastic porous nanofiber and an ion-exchange ligand functionality on the surface of the fiber. The porous nanofibers display a convoluted structure that is comprised of discrete bundles of highly entangled nanofibrils that may be fibrillated or ridged. The porous fibers can be prepared through the extraction of a dissolvable mineral or polymeric porogen that is embedded into the fiber during its manufacture in a melt extrusion process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: EMD Millipore Corporation
    Inventors: John Paul Amara, John Boyle, David Yavorsky, Benjamin Cacace
  • Patent number: 10442559
    Abstract: A multi-functional composite structure has a modular design that can be altered depending on an extreme environment in which the structure will be exposed such as hazardous radiation, micro-meteoroid and orbital debris impacts, extreme temperature changes, etc. The material combinations employed in the multi-functional composite structure provide a supporting structure with low weight and maximum protection from radiation, debris impacts and temperature variations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Jian Dong, Naveed Moayyed Hussain
  • Patent number: 10418187
    Abstract: The carbon porous body of the present disclosure includes micropores and mesopores. A micropore volume determined at a temperature of 77K by as plot analysis of a nitrogen adsorption isotherm is 100 (cm3 (STP)/g) or more. A BET specific surface area determined from the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is 1,000 m2/g or more. The derivative of the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is 300 (cm3 (STP)/g) or more over the range where relative pressure P/P0 in the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is from 0.10 to 0.20 inclusive, and the derivative of the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is 200 (cm3 (STP)/g) or more over the range where the relative pressure P/P0 in the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is from 0.20 to 0.95 inclusive. The amount of nitrogen adsorbed when the relative pressure P/P0 in the nitrogen adsorption isotherm is 0.98 is 1,200 (cm3 (STP)/g) or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA CHUO KENKYUSHO
    Inventors: Masaki Hasegawa, Nobuhiro Ogihara, Norihiko Setoyama
  • Patent number: 10418640
    Abstract: The method includes dispensing carbon fibers having a length of between about 3 and 12 millimeters from a first hopper into a raizing chamber of a double-hopper, bladed-roiler scattering machine and simultaneously depositing a thermoset resin powder from a second hooper of the scattering machine into the mixing chamber where in the fibers and powder are mixed to homogenous predetermined proportions of between about 40% and 60% each. Then, the mixture is directed to flew onto a moving support belt of a double belt press apparatus and the mixture is compressed between the moving support belt and a moving compression belt of the double belt press apparatus and the mixture passes between the belts for an adequate residence time duration to first melt and then cure the thermoset resin to form the fuel cell precursor substrate. Carbonizing and then graphitizing the precursor substrate forms the final substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: AUDI AG
    Inventor: Richard D. Breault
  • Patent number: 10399908
    Abstract: The method may include forming fibers with a silicon-based sizing, forming a fibrous preform from the fibers, forming a silicon dioxide coating around the fibers, carbonizing the fibrous preform, and densifying the fibrous preform. In various embodiments, forming the fibers with the silicon-based sizing includes utilizing a mass of the silicon-based sizing that is at least 1.0% of a mass of the fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: GOODRICH CORPORATION
    Inventors: Steven Poteet, John Linck, Weiming Lu
  • Patent number: 10403900
    Abstract: A method for producing porous graphite capable of realizing higher durability, output and capacity, and porous graphite. A carbon member having microvoids is obtained by a dealloying step for selectively eluting other non-carbon main components into a metal bath by immersing a carbon-containing material, composed of a compound including carbon or an alloy or non-equilibrium alloy, in the metal bath, wherein the metal bath has a solidifying point lower than the melting point of the carbon-containing material, and is controlled to a temperature lower than the minimum value of a liquidus temperature within a composition fluctuation range extending from the carbon-containing material to carbon by reducing the other non-carbon main components. The carbon member obtained in the dealloying step is graphitized by heating in a graphitization step. The carbon member graphitized in the graphitization step is subjected to activation treatment by an activation step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignees: TOHOKU TECHNO ARCH CO., LTD., TPR INDUSTRY CO., LTD
    Inventors: Hidemi Kato, Seung-Geun Yu, Takeshi Wada
  • Patent number: 10331033
    Abstract: A hardmask composition includes a first material including one of an aromatic ring-containing monomer and a polymer containing a repeating unit including an aromatic ring-containing monomer, a second material including at least one of a hexagonal boron nitride and a precursor thereof, a chalcogenide-based material and a precursor thereof, and a two-dimensional carbon nanostructure and a precursor thereof, the two-dimensional carbon nanostructure containing about 0.01 atom % to about 40 atom % of oxygen, and a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyeonjin Shin, Sangwon Kim, Seongjun Park
  • Patent number: 10294166
    Abstract: A method of densifying a CMC article includes the steps of pyrolyzing a CMC article until a desired initial porosity is achieved, coating CMC pores within the CMC article with carbon, pyrolyzing the carbon to form carbon pores, coating the carbon pores with silicon, and heat treating the CMC article to create a silicon carbide filled pore integrated with silicon carbide of the CMC article to densify the CMC article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2019
    Assignee: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Michael G. McCaffrey, Douglas M. Berczik
  • Patent number: 10189746
    Abstract: A ceramic composite can include a first ceramic phase and a second ceramic phase. The first ceramic phase can include a silicon carbide. The second phase can include a boron carbide. In an embodiment, the silicon carbide in the first ceramic phase can have a grain size in a range of 0.8 to 200 microns. The first phase, the second phase, or both can further include a carbon. In another embodiment, at least one of the first ceramic phase and the second ceramic phase can have a median minimum width of at least 5 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: SAINT-GOBAIN CERAMICS & PLASTICS, INC.
    Inventors: Diana R. Tierney, Matthew Creedon, Tom J. Trunzo, Kenneth R. Delahunty
  • Patent number: 10115497
    Abstract: This present invention disclosed a compressive graphene hydrogel and relates to a preparation method thereof. The compressive graphene hydrogel is obtained using the oxidized graphene and phytic acid as raw materials, wherein the oxidized graphene is used as the precursor. The obtained graphene hydrogel has a rich micro gap structure, a super large surface area, and high conductivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: FUZHOU UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Yuying Zheng, Xianbin Liu, Jinxian Lin
  • Patent number: 10087519
    Abstract: A method of making a preform and preform formed by the method. The method includes providing a first pre-preg ply including at least a first fiber and a first resin. The method also includes providing a second pre-preg ply including at least a second fiber and a second resin over at least a portion of the first pre-preg ply. Heat or electromagnetic radiation is used to at least partially cure the first and second resins to form a cured preform. Heat is applied to pyrolyze at least a portion of the resin of the cured preform to form a pyrolyzed preform. A mechanical stimulus including at least one of controlled drying, local explosions, or ultrasonic energy is applied to the pyrolyzed preform. The mechanically treated pyrolyzed preform is subsequently densified by melt infiltration to form a densified preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Jason Robert Parolini, John McConnell Delvaux, Srikanth Chandrudu Kottilingam, James Joseph Murray, Canan Uslu Hardwicke, Matthew Troy Hafner
  • Patent number: 10024610
    Abstract: A method of making a light weight housing for an internal component is provided. The method including the steps of: forming a first metallic foam core into a desired configuration; forming a second metallic foam core into a desired configuration; inserting an internal component into the first metallic foam core; placing the second metallic foam core adjacent to the first metallic core in order to secure the internal component between the first metallic foam core and the second metallic foam core; applying an external metallic shell to an exterior surface of the first metallic foam core and the second metallic foam core; and securing an inlet fitting and an outlet fitting to the housing, wherein a thermal management fluid path for the internal component into and out of the housing is provided by the inlet fitting and the outlet fitting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventor: Gary D. Roberge
  • Patent number: 10024828
    Abstract: An adsorbent which enables solid phase extraction of water-soluble molecules with high efficiency and excellent selectivity and an analysis system using the adsorbent, the adsorbent containing a structure represented by the formula I wherein R is a carrier component, the moiety other than R is a side-chain functional group, R and the benzene ring in the side-chain functional group are bonded directly or bonded through one or more atoms, R? is selected from the group consisting of hydroxy group, alkoxy group, amino group, alkylamino group, thiol group and alkyl sulfide group, R? is independently selected from the group consisting of hydroxy group, alkoxy group, alkyl group, amino group, alkylamino group, dialkylamino group, trialkylamino group, thiol group, alkyl sulfide group and hydrogen atom, x is an integer of zero or more and three or less, and n is the number of the side-chain functional groups contained in the carrier component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: Hitachi High-Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Jun Nunoshige, Shinya Ito, Hiroshi Nakano
  • Patent number: 10017426
    Abstract: A technique of forming a carbon-carbon composite that includes infiltrating a preform comprising carbon fibers or carbon-precursor fibers with a pitch and pyrolyzing the pitch using a controlled pressure and temperature ramp rate to control a growth of optical textures as the pitch is pyrolyzed to a coke matrix. Pyrolyzing the pitch may include initiating pyrolysis of at least some of the pitch at a first pressure less than about 2000 psi and a first temperature ramp rate between about 5° C./hr and about 50° C./hr to a first target temperature, and pyrolyzing at least some of the pitch at a second pressure greater than 2000 psi and a second temperature ramp rate between about 5° C./hr and about 50° C./hr to a second target temperature, where the second target temperature is greater than the first target temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2018
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Slawomir T. Fryska, Neil Murdie, Mark L. La Forest
  • Patent number: 9997764
    Abstract: The present invention provides a novel non-exfoliated graphite powder containing highly oriented grain aggregates (HOGA) having a new morphology and surface chemistry, methods for the production of such graphite powders as well as products containing such novel graphite particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2017
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2018
    Assignee: Imerys Graphite & Carbon Switzerland SA
    Inventors: Michael E. Spahr, Curzio Nessi, Salvatore Stallone, Eberhard Waldhor, Grivei Eusebiu, Nicolas Probst
  • Patent number: 9989853
    Abstract: A hardmask composition includes a first material including one of an aromatic ring-containing monomer and a polymer containing a repeating unit including an aromatic ring-containing monomer, a second material including at least one of a hexagonal boron nitride and a precursor thereof, a chalcogenide-based material and a precursor thereof, and a two-dimensional carbon nanostructure and a precursor thereof, the two-dimensional carbon nanostructure containing about 0.01 atom % to about 40 atom % of oxygen, and a solvent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyeonjin Shin, Sangwon Kim, Seongjun Park
  • Patent number: 9979028
    Abstract: A coated substrate for forming fuel cell catalyst layers includes a plurality of substrate particles, an adhesion layer disposed over the substrate particles, and a precious metal layer disposed over the adhesion layer. The substrate particles may be carbon powders, carbon nanorods, carbon nanotubes and combinations thereof; with a preferred aspect ratio from 10:1 to 25:1. The adhesion layer includes a tungsten metal layer and may be formed into a heterogeneous layer comprising a lattice-interrupting layer interposed between two tungsten metal layers. The lattice-interrupting layer reduces mechanical stress to the adhesion layer with extended thickness that may develop when it experiences changing environments, and can be any layer other than the metal layer, for example, Al2O3, Al, or WOx, where x is 1.5 to 3.0. Characteristically, the coated substrate is used in fuel cell applications such as providing the catalyst particles used in the cathode and/or anode catalyst layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Anusorn Kongkanand, Ratandeep S. Kukreja, Joel W. Clancey, Andrew Cavanaugh, Steven M. George
  • Patent number: 9975775
    Abstract: The invention is directed to high surface area graphitized carbon and to processes for making high surface area graphitized carbon. The process includes steps of graphitizing and increasing the surface area of (in either order) a starting carbon material to form high surface area graphitized carbon. The step of increasing the surface area optionally comprises an oxidizing step (e.g., through steam etching) or template removal from composite particles. The invention is also directed to catalyst particles and electrodes employing catalyst particles that are formed from the high surface area graphitized carbon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Assignee: Cabot Corporation
    Inventors: Yipeng Sun, Jian-Ping Shen, Gordon Rice, Paolina Atanassova, Geoffrey D. Moeser
  • Patent number: 9938152
    Abstract: An activated nano-porous carbon is produced using a liquid organic compound as a starting material. A combination of the liquid organic compound with organic acids is mixed with conductive carbon powder and polymerized. The polymerized material is then carbonized and activated using physical or chemical methods. The activated nano-porous carbon obtained using this method has been used to fabricate EDLC devices. The carbon has also shown large surface area (up to ˜2000 m2/gm, depending on the degree of activation) and can be used for various other activated carbon applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Farad Power, Inc.
    Inventor: Shantanu Mitra
  • Patent number: 9932696
    Abstract: A circular needle loom comprises a bed plate for receiving a transport layer. Engagement members may be disposed proximate to the bed plate, such that the engagement members interface with a positional structure of the transport layer that is used to position and rotate the transport layer around the bed plate. The engagement members may be configured to rotate the transport layer around the bed plate until a predetermined number of fibers and/or layers are deposited on the transport layer and/or bed plate in order to create a needled preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2018
    Assignee: GOODRICH CORPORATION
    Inventor: Jean-Francois Le Costaouec
  • Patent number: 9725322
    Abstract: Hot pressing hollow carbon nanoparticles results in a nano-carbon foam that can be used for energy storage, carbon dioxide capture or water desalination.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2017
    Assignee: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Arunabha Ghosh, Jonghak Lee, Srinivasan Natarajan, Barbaros Oezyilmaz, Antonio Helio Castro Neto
  • Patent number: 9719199
    Abstract: A circular needle loom comprises a bed plate for receiving a transport layer. Engagement members may be disposed proximate to the bed plate, such that the engagement members interface with a positional structure of the transport layer that is used to position and rotate the transport layer around the bed plate. The engagement members may be configured to rotate the transport layer around the bed plate until a predetermined number of fibers and/or layers are deposited on the transport layer and/or bed plate in order to create a needled preform.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: Goodrich Corporation
    Inventor: Jean-Francois Le Costaouec
  • Patent number: 9676013
    Abstract: A sub-aqueous capping material comprising a plurality of compacted particles of a reactive solid material having a dispersion aid homogeneously blended therein, the compacted particles having a specific gravity greater than 1.0, a particle size in the range of about 1/16 inch to about 1 inch, and having a time for disintegration, once in contact with water, of 5 hours or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: AMCOL INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Robert J. Trauger, Zhen Wang, James T. Olsta
  • Patent number: 9666854
    Abstract: A graphite powder may include highly oriented grain aggregates, wherein the electrical resistivity of the powder decreases with increasing density. A process for coating a substrate may include providing a coating dispersion including such a graphite powder and applying the coating dispersion to the substrate. An electrode may contain such a graphite powder. A coating dispersion may include such a graphite powder dispersed in a liquid medium. A battery may include such a graphite powder. A compressed body of pure graphite may include such a graphite powder. A lubricant may include such as graphite powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Imerys Graphite & Carbon Switzerland SA
    Inventors: Michael E. Spahr, Curzio Nessi, Salvatore Stallone, Eberhard Waldhor, Grivei Eusebiu, Nicolas Probst
  • Patent number: 9656412
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a fiber composite component, the method comprising arranging a first and a second mold in relation to one another in such a way that these together form a first cavity; laying a fiber material on the first and/or second mold; filling the first cavity with a casting material and solidifying the casting material in order to seal the first and second molds to one another and/or to interconnect them; and infiltrating the fiber material with a matrix and curing the matrix to form the fiber composite component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2017
    Assignee: Airbus Operations GmbH
    Inventors: Hauke Seegel, Paulin Fideu, Axel Herrmann
  • Patent number: 9624138
    Abstract: A method of creating a component comprises forming a substrate and depositing a template material within the substrate, such that there are a plurality of template member. The component is heated to a temperature above a melting point of the template material, such that the template material wicks into a porosity of the substrate and forms a component with voids. An average hydraulic diameter of the voids is less than 1 millimeter. A component formed by the method, and the component itself are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 18, 2017
    Assignee: UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Paul Sheedy, Wayde R. Schmidt
  • Patent number: 9574125
    Abstract: Disclosed are a composite graphite heat insulating material with improved thermal conductivity in the thickness direction and a method for manufacturing the same. The composite graphite heat insulating material according to the present invention comprises: an expanded graphite matrix which is compressed in the thickness direction; and high-density compressed and expanded graphite particles which are filled in the pores within the compressed and expanded graphite matrix and have a density of 0.1 g/cm3 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: GTS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Su-Han Lee, Duk-Joon Jung
  • Patent number: 9567452
    Abstract: There is provided a carbon nanofiber aggregate capable of suppressing scatter and having excellent dispersibility and filling property in a thermoplastic resin. A carbon nanofiber aggregate has a maximum void volume P1 (cm3/g) at a pore diameter of 2,500 nm or more and 100,000 nm or less and a maximum void volume P2 (cm3/g) at a pore diameter of 6 nm or more and less than 2,500 nm in pore distribution data measured by mercury porosimetry. The maximum void volume P1 and the maximum void volume P2 satisfy a specific relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: ASAHI KASEI KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Kazuya Nagata, Yoshiyuki Kashiwagi
  • Patent number: 9523163
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing a carbon material, the method utilizing a cellulosic material and enables the carbon material, which retains the shape of the cellulosic material, to be produced in high yield. The method for producing a carbon material is characterized by comprising the steps of: allowing a cellulosic material and/or a regenerated cellulosic material to adsorb a sulfonic acid; and heating the cellulosic material and/or the regenerated cellulosic material which has adsorbed the sulfonic acid at a temperature of 600-2800° C. in an inert gas atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON PAPER INDUSTRIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Mutsumasa Kyotani, Kazuo Akagi, Shinichi Kimura
  • Patent number: 9481073
    Abstract: Methods of forming polycrystalline diamond include encapsulating diamond particles and a hydrocarbon substance in a canister, and subjecting the encapsulated diamond particles and hydrocarbon substance to a pressure and a temperature sufficient to form inter-granular bonds between the diamond particles. Cutting elements for use in an earth-boring tool includes a polycrystalline diamond material formed by such processes. Earth-boring tools include such cutting elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Anthony A. DiGiovanni
  • Patent number: 9428388
    Abstract: A process for preparing a carbon-carbon composite including the steps of: (a) providing a curable low viscosity aromatic epoxy resin liquid formulation, wherein the formulation has a neat viscosity of less than 10,000 mPa-s at 25° C. prior to adding optional components, prior to curing, and prior to carbonizing; and wherein the formulation being cured has a carbon yield of at least 35 wt % disregarding the weight of the carbon matrix and any optional components present in the composition; (b) contacting a carbon matrix with the formulation of step (a); (c) curing the contacted carbon matrix of step (b); and (d) carbonizing the cured carbon matrix of step (c) to form a carbon-carbon composite; and a carbon-carbon composite made by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2016
    Assignee: BLUE CUBE IP LLC
    Inventors: Hamed Lakrout, Maurice J. Marks, Ludovic Valette
  • Patent number: 9397350
    Abstract: Disclosed is a carbon fiber web including polymer nanofibers. Specifically, the carbon fiber web includes: a dispersed structure of carbon fibers; and polymer nanofibers distributed among and bonding the constituent carbon fibers of the dispersed structure. The carbon fiber web exhibits excellent characteristics in terms of flexural strength, gas permeability and electrical properties while possessing a tensile strength sufficient to undergo continuous processes for mass production. Also disclosed are a gas diffusion medium using the carbon fiber web, a gas diffusion layer including the gas diffusion medium, a membrane electrode assembly including the gas diffusion layer, and a fuel cell including the membrane electrode assembly. The use of the carbon fiber web ensures high performance of the membrane electrode assembly and the fuel cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Energy Research
    Inventors: Yoonjong Yoo, Hyunuk Kim, Kwangsub Song, Hongsoo Kim, Young Ju Lee, Sungjin Lee
  • Patent number: 9318295
    Abstract: A CNT electron source, a method of manufacturing a CNT electron source, and a solar cell utilizing a CNT patterned sculptured substrate are disclosed. Embodiments utilize a metal substrate which enables CNTs to be grown directly from the substrate. An inhibitor may be applied to the metal substrate to inhibit growth of CNTs from the metal substrate. The inhibitor may be precisely applied to the metal substrate in any pattern, thereby enabling the positioning of the CNT groupings to be more precisely controlled. The surface roughness of the metal substrate may be varied to control the density of the CNTs within each CNT grouping. Further, an absorber layer and an acceptor layer may be applied to the CNT electron source to form a solar cell, where a voltage potential may be generated between the acceptor layer and the metal substrate in response to sunlight exposure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2016
    Assignee: THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE ADMINISTRATOR OF THE NASA
    Inventor: Cattien V. Nguyen
  • Patent number: 9221686
    Abstract: There are provided a cluster of thin sheet graphite crystals or the like which is useful as an electrode material for lithium ion batteries, hybrid capacitors and the like, and a method for efficiently producing the same at high productivity. The method is one for producing a cluster of thin sheet graphite crystals composed of aggregates in such a state that thin sheet graphite crystals extend from the inside toward the outside, comprising charging a powdery and/or particulate material of an organic compound pre-baked to an extent of containing remaining hydrogen in a graphite vessel, and subjecting the powdery and/or particulate material together with the vessel to hot isostatic pressing treatment (HIP treatment) using a compressed gas atmosphere under the predetermined conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: INCUBATION ALLIANCE, INC.
    Inventors: Kazuo Muramatsu, Masahiro Toyoda
  • Patent number: 9211504
    Abstract: Carbon molecular sieves (CMS) membranes having improved thermal and/or mechanical properties are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, a carbon molecular sieve membrane for separating a first and one or more second gases from a feed mixture of the first gas and one or more second gases comprises a hollow filamentary carbon core and a thermally stabilized polymer precursor disposed on at least an outer portion of the core. In some embodiments, the thermally stabilized polymer precursor is created by the process of placing in a reaction vessel the carbon molecular sieve membrane comprising an unmodified aromatic imide polymer, filling the reaction vessel with a modifying agent, and changing the temperature of the reaction vessel at a temperature ramp up rate and ramp down rate for a period of time so that the modifying agent alters the unmodified aromatic imide polymer to form a thermally stabilized polymer precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2015
    Assignees: GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH CORPORATION, SHELL OIL COMPANY
    Inventors: Nitesh Bhuwania, William John Koros, Paul Jason Williams
  • Patent number: 9194062
    Abstract: A changing method includes the steps of supplying a carbon fiber material with a surface covered by a thermosetting resin oil, performing a desizing step to remove the thermosetting resin oil from the surface of the carbon fiber material, performing a surfactant coating step to coat a surfactant onto the surface of the carbon fiber material, and performing a sizing step to cover a surface of the surfactant by a thermosetting resin oil, so as to obtain a carbon fiber material with a thermosetting resin oil coated onto the surface of the carbon fiber material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: UHT UNITECH CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Chih-Yung Wang
  • Patent number: 9187331
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for producing an elongated (rolled) carbonaceous film by polymer pyrolysis while suppressing the fusion bonding of the carbonaceous film. The method for producing a carbonaceous film includes the step of heat-treating a polymer film wound into a roll, wherein the heat treatment is performed after the polymer film is wound into a roll to have a gap between adjacent layers of the polymer film at a temperature lower than a pyrolysis onset temperature of the polymer film so that the roll of polymer film as a whole satisfies a relationship that a value obtained by dividing a thickness of a gap between adjacent layers of the polymer film (Ts) by a thickness of the polymer film (Tf) (Ts/Tf) is 0.16 or higher but 1.50 or lower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 17, 2015
    Assignee: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Mishiro, Yusuke Ohta, Takashi Inada, Yasushi Nishikawa
  • Patent number: 9045374
    Abstract: A composition having nanoparticles of silicon carbide and a carbonaceous matrix or silicon matrix. The composition is not in the form of a powder. A composition having silicon and an organic compound having a char yield of at least 60% by weight or a thermoset made from the organic compound. A method of combining silicon and the organic compound and heating to form silicon carbide or silicon nitride nanoparticles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: The United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Teddy M. Keller, Andrew Saab, Matthew Laskoski
  • Publication number: 20150130098
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of fabricating a graphite sheet, including: polymerizing diamines and a dianhydride to form a polyamic acid. The polyamic acid is solvent casted on a substrate and hot baked to form a polyamic acid film or gel film. The polyamic acid film or gel film is biaxially stretched at a high temperature imidization or chemical imidization to form the polyimide film. The polyimide film is then carbonized and graphitized to form a graphite sheet. The diamines include a diamine of Formula 1 and a diamine of Formula 2, and the dianhydride includes a dianhydride of Formulae 3, Formula 4, Formula 5, Formula 6, Formula 7, Formula 8, Formula 9, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 4, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Shou-Jui HSIANG, Si-Yi CHIN, Wei-Ta YANG
  • Publication number: 20150118550
    Abstract: Disclosed is a carbon structure electrode for redox flow batteries, which includes a plurality of spherical macropores formed on a surface of a polymer-derived carbon structure and inside the polymer-derived carbon structure so as to allow electrolyte migration. The carbon structure electrode for redox flow batteries has excellent electrical conductivity and enables cost reduction through a simplified preparation process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Jong-Hwa SHON, Byung-Chul KIM, Soo-Whan KIM
  • Patent number: 8992876
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for producing an elongated (rolled) carbonaceous film by polymer pyrolysis while suppressing the fusion bonding and the rippling of the carbonaceous film. The method for producing a carbonaceous film includes the step of heat-treating a polymer film wound into a roll, wherein the heat treatment is performed after the polymer film is wound into a roll at a temperature lower than a pyrolysis onset temperature of the polymer film so that the roll of polymer film has a center and has a space inside its cross-sectional circle (50% cross-sectional circle) (space within 50% cross-sectional circle) whose center is at the center and whose circumference passes through a point at which a length of the polymer film from an inner end thereof is 50% of a total length of the polymer film and that an area of the space within 50% cross-sectional circle is 25% or more of an area of the 50% cross-sectional circle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Mishiro, Yusuke Ohta, Takashi Inada, Yasushi Nishikawa
  • Publication number: 20150069646
    Abstract: A technique of forming a carbon-carbon composite material may include infusing pyrolysis oil into a porous preform, polymerizing at least some components of the pyrolysis oil infused in the preform to form a phenolic resin, and pyrolyzing the phenolic resin to form a partially densified preform. Carbon-carbon composites formed from porous preforms in which pyrolysis oil comprising a phenolic compound and at least one of an aldehyde or ketone compound is disposed in pores of the preform are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Peter M. Michalakos, Francis Stephen Lupton
  • Publication number: 20150054187
    Abstract: In a method for producing a carbonaceous film in which a polymer film is wrapped around a core and is subjected to a heat treatment, material film surfaces during the carbonization step are prevented from fusion, whereby a long carbonaceous having a large area film is obtained. Fusion can be prevented by subjecting a polymer film to a heat treatment under a reduced pressure, and under a reduced pressure while allowing an inert gas to flow. The range of the pressure reduction is preferably ?0.08 MPa to ?0.01 kPa. It is preferred to carry out carbonization with the pressure reduced in the range of from ?0.08 MPa to ?0.01 kPa while allowing an inert gas to flow.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: TAKASHI INADA, Yasushi NISHIKAWA, Makoto MISHIRO
  • Publication number: 20150048556
    Abstract: The embodiments described herein pertain generally to a porous carbon particle and a producing method of the porous carbon particle, the producing method includes a step of polymerizing an aromatic monomer to form a polymer particle; a step of cross-linking the polymer particle; a step of coating a silica on a surface of the cross-linked polymer particle; a step of carbonizing the polymer particle coated with the silica.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 26, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Jun Hyuk Moon, Hae Min Yoo
  • Patent number: 8956480
    Abstract: The carbon-carbon composite material is obtained by densification with a pyrolytic carbon matrix originating from a precursor in gaseous state at least in a main external phase of the matrix, and, at the end of the densification, final heat treatment is performed at a temperature lying in the range 1400° C. to 1800° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Messier-Bugatti-Dowty
    Inventors: Jean-Marie Jouin, Eric Lherm, Philippe Turgis
  • Publication number: 20150024231
    Abstract: There is provided a graphite composite film including a graphite film and a metal layer formed on a surface of the graphite film, in which peeling-off of the metal layer from the graphite film is suppressed. More specifically, the graphite composite film includes a graphite film and a metal layer formed on at least one side of the graphite film, wherein the graphite film has a plurality of through holes formed therein, a metal layer is formed also inside the through holes so as to be connected to the metal layer formed on a surface of the graphite film, the metal layer inside the through holes is formed continuously from the one side to an opposite side of the graphite film, and a distance between outer diameters of the through holes is 0.6 mm or less and a ratio of an area of metal inside the through holes to an area of the graphite composite film is 1.4% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 11, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: KANEKA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Makoto Kutsumizu, Yasushi Nishikawa, Yusuke Ohta, Satoshi Katayama, Takashi Inada, Takashi Inada
  • Patent number: 8936738
    Abstract: A disposal method for entirely recycling solid refuse includes the following steps: sorting, crushing, drying, pressing with high pressure to shaped articles, producing charcoal from combustible refuse in high temperature and firing incombustible refuse in high temperature, at last cooling high temperature articles to obtain solid fuel with various shapes and bricks or board used for building. The method achieves entirely recycling house refuse, especial solid refuse. The method recycles solid refuse to obtain fuel and building material with economic value. The method is simple and its processing cost is low.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Inventor: Qihui Lian
  • Publication number: 20150017479
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a production method for a glassy carbon mold, and, more specifically, relates to a production method for a glassy carbon mold including the steps of: placing a mixture having a thermosetting resin, a curing agent, and a viscosity adjusting solvent between a thermosetting resin substrate and a master pattern formed by a micro-nano process; pressing either the master pattern or the thermosetting resin substrate and applying heat to form a cured thermosetting resin pattern part on the substrate; and removing the master pattern, and subjecting the substrate and the cured thermosetting resin pattern.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventors: Seok Min Kim, Jong Won Seok, Tae Hyoung Kim, Jong Hyun Ju
  • Publication number: 20150014890
    Abstract: In an example of the surface coating method, an aromatic resin or a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonate is dissolved in an organic solvent to form a solution. A film precursor is formed on a surface of an electrode material by immersing the electrode material into the solution, and evaporating the organic solvent. The electrode material is selected from the group consisting of an electrode active material particle and a pre-formed electrode. The film precursor is exposed to i) a thermal treatment having a temperature equal to or less than 500° C., or ii) ultraviolet light irradiation, or iii) both i and ii, to carbonize the film precursor to form a carbon film on the surface of the electrode material. Also disclosed herein is a method for improving electrochemical performance of an electrode for a lithium based battery.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Xingcheng Xiao
  • Patent number: 8920691
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a production method capable of efficiently producing a carbonized film wound into a roll without the occurrence of fusion bonding between the layers of the film. The method includes a carbonization step in which a polymer film wound around a core is placed in a heating furnace and carbonized by heat treatment to obtain a carbonized film wound around the core. The carbonization step is performed by increasing a temperature of the heat treatment from an initial temperature through a pyrolysis onset temperature to a pyrolysis end temperature. In the carbonization step, the heating furnace is decompressed when the temperature of the heat treatment is lower than the pyrolysis onset temperature, and after the temperature of the heat treatment reaches the pyrolysis onset temperature, the heating furnace is not decompressed or the heating furnace is decompressed so that an absolute pressure in the heating furnace is in a range of 21.3 kPa to 101.29 kPa.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Kaneka Corporation
    Inventors: Makoto Mishiro, Yasushi Nishikawa, Yusuke Ohta, Takashi Inada