Extrusion Molding Patents (Class 264/464)
  • Patent number: 10427353
    Abstract: The present invention provides high performance polymer (HPP) compositions, methods, processes, and systems for the manufacture of three-dimensional articles made of polymers using molding or 3D printing. The HPP compositions comprise a first HPP dissolved in a solvent and a second HPP present as a solid having particular particle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2019
    Assignees: Ricoh Company, Ltd., University of Washington
    Inventors: Chang-Uk Lee, Adam Edward Goetz, Yosuke Ashikari, Andrew Jackson Boydston, Mark A. Ganter, Duane William Storti
  • Patent number: 9364986
    Abstract: The present invention includes methods of three-dimensional printing as well as the high density and/or radiopaque three-dimensional articles produced thereby. Articles prepared in accordance with the method of the present invention may be used as production articles or as prototypes to be able to demonstrate the shielding characteristics of shaped articles in instances where production articles may later be produced by injection molding. The method of the present invention may be carried out using fused deposition modeling or selective laser sintering methods known and used in the art.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2016
    Assignee: Rapid Prototype and Manufacturing LLC
    Inventor: Clark Patterson
  • Patent number: 9114571
    Abstract: An apparatus and method of fabricating a three-dimensional model which reduces occurrence of one a hairline crack(s), stress fracture(s), break(s), flaw(s) and/or other imperfection(s) in the final three-dimensional model. The method comprising the steps of selecting the model material, selecting the sacrificial material, and adding at least one additive to the sacrificial material for at least one of increasing the thermal conductivity, decreasing a coefficient of thermal expansion or decreasing an ability of the sacrificial material to transmit stress to the model material. The three-dimensional composite model is built by depositing a plurality of layers one on top of another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Solidscape, Inc.
    Inventors: Xiaorong You, Jennifer Elizabeth Gingras, Calvin McCoy Winey, John T. Wigand
  • Publication number: 20150145174
    Abstract: A platen assembly for use in an additive manufacturing system, which includes a platen plate that is preferably secured to a gantry mechanism of the additive manufacturing system, and having a top surface, and one or more magnets secured to the platen plate and configured to generate one or more magnetic fields at the top surface of the platen plate. The platen gantry is configured to magnetically couple interchangeable and replaceable build sheets to the top surface of the platen plate due to the one or more generated magnetic fields, and where the magnetically-coupled build sheets are configured to receive the printed layers from the printing mechanism.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Stratasys, Inc.
    Inventor: James W. Comb
  • Patent number: 9017590
    Abstract: Solid-state deformation processing of crosslinked high molecular weight polymers such as UHMWPE, for example by extrusion below the melt transition, produces materials with a combination of high tensile strength and high oxidative stability. The materials are especially suitable for use as bearing components in artificial hip and other implants. Treated bulk materials are anisotropic, with enhanced strength oriented along the axial direction. The material is oxidatively stable even after four weeks of accelerated aging in a pressure vessel containing five atmospheres of oxygen (ASTM F2003). Because of its oxidative stability, the deformation processed material is a suitable candidate for air-permeable packaging and gas sterilization, which has thus far been reserved for remelted crosslinked UHMWPE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Biomet Manufacturing, LLC
    Inventors: David W. Schroeder, Jordan H. Freedman, James E. Gunter, Brian D. Salyer, H. Gene Hawkins
  • Publication number: 20150090658
    Abstract: A fiber that has a unique surface topography in that it contains a plurality of nanohairs extending outwardly from an external surface of an elongate structure of the fiber is provided. To form the nanohairs, a polymer composition is spun that includes organofunctional nanoparticles (e.g., polyhedral organofunctional silsesquioxanes) embedded within a matrix of a base polymer. Despite being initially embedded within the polymer, the present inventors have discovered that, through selective control over the nature and relative concentration of the components of the composition, as well as the method in which the fiber is formed, a substantial portion of the nanoparticles can migrate to the surface of the fiber as it is formed and thus become arranged in the form of nanohairs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Kelly Branham, Sara Honarbakhsh
  • Patent number: 8968627
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the manufacturing of continuously shaped cured silicone articles, particularly extrusions articles and the use of silicone compositions containing a photoactivatable metal catalyst in said process, wherein the curing is initiated by visible or UV-light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Momentive Performance Materials GmbH
    Inventors: Uwe Irmer, Dieter Wrobel, Yi-Feng Wang
  • Patent number: 8968615
    Abstract: A bulk of polyester polymer particles comprising polyester polymer comprising greater than 75% virgin polyester polymer, the particles having: A) an It.V. of at least 0.72 dl/g, and B) 10 ppm or less of residual acetaldehyde; and C) at least two melting peaks, wherein one of said at least two melting peaks is a low peak melting point within a range of 140° C. to 220° C. and having a melting endotherm area of at least the absolute value of 1 J/g. The particles may also have a degree of crystallinity within a range of 20% and a maximum degree of crystallinity Tcmax defined by the equation: Tcmax=50%?CA?OH where CA is the total mole % of all carboxylic acid residues other than terephthalic acid residues, based on 100 mole % of carboxylic acid residues, and OH is the total mole % of all hydroxyl functional compound residues other than ethylene glycol residues, based on 100 mole % of hydroxyl functional compounds residues.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Michael Paul Ekart, Frederick Leslie Colhoun, Mary Therese Jernigan, Stephen Weinhold, Rodney Scott Armentrout
  • Patent number: 8940851
    Abstract: Silicone fibers suitable for use as optical fibers are prepared by crosslinking an extruded mixture of a silicone resin and an organopolysiloxane, both containing aliphatically unsaturated groups, an organopolysiloxane bearing Si—H groups, and a light activatable trimethyl(methylcyclopentadienyl) platinum catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Wacker Chemie AG
    Inventor: Philipp Mueller
  • Publication number: 20140353881
    Abstract: The invention relates to a rotary die device for producing soft capsules, comprising a capsule forming unit for forming a soft-capsule shell and a novel dosing unit for feeding a filling material into the capsule forming unit, characterized in that the dosing unit comprises a dispensing system that includes (a) a container defining a reservoir for storing therapeutic or non-therapeutic compositions; (b) a low pressure pump; (c) a high pressure peristaltic pump; (d) a supply line for the therapeutic or non-therapeutic compositions; and (d) one or more electromagnetically activated nozzles/injectors to fill the softgel capsules with the therapeutic or non-therapeutic compositions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 28, 2013
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Carlos Salazar Altamar, Leopoldo Pardo, Ivan Romero, Gustavo Anaya
  • Patent number: 8876511
    Abstract: A system for kneading and extruding a material includes a crusher for crushing the material into coarse particles, an extruder for conveying and extruding the material crushed by the crusher, a gear pump for receiving and discharging the material extruded from the extruder, and a kneading and extruding apparatus for kneading the material discharged from the gear pump and continuously extruding the kneaded material. Therefore, a material is accurately quantified and highly uniform, resulting in reduced product variations and ensured consistent quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Kobe Steel, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuaki Yamane, Hideo Funahashi, Koichi Miyake
  • Patent number: 8865037
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing foamed thermoplastic films and trash bags wherein a foaming agent is added to a base thermoplastic resin. The resultant foaming agent/base resin mixture is extruded to form a single-ply foamed thermoplastic film. The film may be formed into bag, such as a trash bag.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: VINXI, L.L.C.
    Inventor: John Charles Marrelli
  • Patent number: 8728367
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing extruded profiled elements (3) from an elastomer material. In said method, the extruded profiled element (3) is formed from the elastomer material in a first step, the extruded profiled element (3) is entirely or partly surrounded by a thermoplastic material, the elastomer material that is surrounded by the thermoplastic material is cured, and the thermoplastic material is finally removed again once the elastomer material has been cured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Reiner Lay, Paul Wynen
  • Patent number: 8696974
    Abstract: An adhesive composition comprising 100 parts by weight of a fluorine-containing polymer and 2 to 30 parts by weight of an unsaturated compound containing at least one polar group selected from the group consisting of an epoxy group and a carboxyl group, wherein the fluorine-containing polymer has been graft-modified with the polar group-containing unsaturated compound by irradiation of ionizing radiation, a production process thereof, and formed products such as a heat-shrinkable tube equipped with a layer composed of the adhesive composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Fine Polymer, Inc.
    Inventors: Kiyoaki Moriuchi, Hiroshi Hayami, Shinya Nishikawa
  • Publication number: 20140072700
    Abstract: A method of preparing a fiber including electro-spinning onto a substrate polymer solutions from a plurality of jets to form a network of filaments, wherein at least one jet sprays onto the substrate a first chemical mixture including a carbon fiber precursor compound, and at least one other jet sprays onto the substrate a second chemical mixture comprising a sacrificial polymer and a precursor compound of a functional material; and processing the filaments on the substrate, thereby forming an arrangement of carbon fibers having the functional material deposited thereon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicants: VOLKSWAGEN GROUP OF AMERICA, INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ho-Cheol Kim, Leslie E. Krupp, Philip M. Rice, Robert M. Shelby, Angela-Kristina Speidel
  • Patent number: 8636942
    Abstract: A process for production of a nonwoven fabric, which comprises a step wherein a thermoplastic polymer is dissolved in a mixed solvent composed of a volatile good solvent and a volatile poor solvent, a step wherein the resulting solution is spun by an electrospinning method and a step wherein a nonwoven fabric accumulated on a collecting sheet is obtained, is employed to provide a nonwoven fabric having a surface area sufficiently large as a matrix for cell culturing in the field of regenerative medicine, with large gaps between filaments and a low apparent density suitable for cell culturing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Teijin Limited
    Inventors: Shinya Komura, Takanori Miyoshi, Yoshihiko Sumi, Hiroyoshi Minematsu
  • Publication number: 20130337256
    Abstract: In a method of manufacturing an object, a filament is fed to an extrusion head. The filament has a semi-crystalline polymeric reinforcement portion and a polymeric matrix portion. The temperature of the filament is raised in the extrusion head above the melting point of the matrix portion but below the melting point of the reinforcement portion so that the matrix portion of the filament melts within the extrusion head, thereby forming a partially molten filament within the extrusion head. The reinforcement portion of the partially molten filament remains in a semi-crystalline state as it is extruded from the extrusion head. Relative movement is generated between the extrusion head and the substrate as the partially molten filament is extruded onto the substrate in order to form an extruded line on the substrate. The matrix portion of the extruded line solidifies after the extruded line has been formed on the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Inventors: Benjamin FARMER, Jonathan MEYER
  • Patent number: 8586159
    Abstract: A breathable, heat-sealable, composite film comprising a perforated polymeric substrate layer having a first and second surface and disposed on a surface of the substrate layer an unperforated barrier layer wherein: (i) the thickness of the unperforated barrier layer is no more than about 12 pm; and (ii) the perforated substrate layer has a degree of perforation of from about 0.1 to about 78%, wherein the perforations have an average diameter of between 0.05 and 1.5 mm; and a process for the production thereof, suitable for use in the packaging of freshly cut plants such as flowers, vegetables, fruits and salads.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: DuPont Teijin Films U.S. Limited Partnership
    Inventors: Stephen William Sankey, Ken Evans, Pierre G. O. Moussalli, Stephen Keith Franzyshen, David Voisin
  • Patent number: 8568638
    Abstract: A polymer-based sausage casing suitable for use with uncooked meats such as chorizo is disclosed. A polymer resin is blended with a silicon-based barrier control agent, preferably a polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane, to increase the permeability of the sausage casing. The resultant blend can be biaxially stretch-oriented to produce a single-layered polymer-based sausage casing suitable for use with uncooked sausage meats such as chorizo, and specifically suitable for the gas and moisture permeability needed during the curing process for uncooked sausage meats. Such polymer-based casings can also be employed for cooked sausages by choosing a silicon-based barrier control agent that increases gas and moisture barrier, thereby increasing shelf-life for unpeeled sausages. A method for improving the peelability of cooked sausage casings by injecting a thin coating of a releasing agent, without the addition of a surfactant, into the sausage casing during the shirring process is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Casematic S.A. de C.V.
    Inventor: Ruben Garcia Cruz
  • Patent number: 8552084
    Abstract: A process for preparing a pressure sensitive adhesive using a modified planetary roller extruder is described. The process in accordance with one aspect of the invention is a continuous process that includes introducing primary raw materials comprising a non-thermoplastic elastomer into a planetary roller extruder, introducing a heat-activatable crosslinker into the planetary roller extruder for mixing with the primary raw materials, and compounding the primary raw materials and the heat activatable crosslinker to form an adhesive composition while maintaining the temperature of the adhesive composition between about 25° C. and about 100° C. The non-thermoplastic elastomer is masticated during compounding and at least some of the heat-activatable crosslinker remains generally unactivated and is available for later activation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Intertape Polymer Corp.
    Inventors: John Kinch Tynan, Jr., Richard Walter St. Coeur, David Michael Kovach, Thomas Lombardo
  • Patent number: 8541082
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a laminated resin molding which comprises a layer of a thermoplastic polymer such as a thermoplastic elastomer and a layer of a thermoplastic resin such as a fluorine-containing ethylenic polymer, is excellent in liquid chemical impermeability, chemical resistance and bacteria resistance, among others, and can be molded by coextrusion without causing foaming or deterioration of the thermoplastic elastomer and, further, has good interlaminar adhesive strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Daikin Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Takeshi Inaba
  • Patent number: 8535583
    Abstract: The invention relates to a hydraulic binder product [12, 10] which includes a mixture of a hydraulic binder [38, 202], a polyvinyl alcohol [14, 204] and a gelling agent [54] which reacts with the polyvinyl alcohol and a method [8] of producing same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Tower Technology Holdings (Pty) Ltd.
    Inventor: Michael Windsor Symons
  • Patent number: 8524133
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for manufacturing a film for a film capacitor making it possible to produce a film for a film capacitor which has a thickness of 10 ?m or less and which is excellent in a heat resistance and a voltage resistance at a high thickness accuracy by using a polyetherimide resin and provides as well a film for a film capacitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2013
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Polymer Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Kenro Takizawa, Yuzo Morioka, Kazuhiro Suzuki, Michimasa Ote
  • Publication number: 20130214457
    Abstract: A method of electrospinning fibres is disclosed. The fibres have an inner core surrounded by a porous outer shell. The method comprises co-electrospinning first and second liquids as core and shell respectively, the second liquid surrounding the first liquid in a jet issuing from a Taylor cone, wherein the first and second liquids are miscible or semi-miscible with each other, such that pore generation is driven in the shell of the fibre. The liquids may be solutions or melts. The electrical conductivity, viscosity, miscibility and other parameters of the liquids determine the structure of the produced fibres. As well as producing fibres having a porous shell there are described methods of co-electrospraying porous beads as well as core-shell vesicles having a porous shell. The methods may be used to produce hydrogen storage fibres, vesicles and beads. The methods may also be used for producing controlled drug-delivery fibres, vesicles and beads.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 8, 2011
    Publication date: August 22, 2013
    Applicant: THE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FACILITIES COUNCIL
    Inventors: William Ian Fraser David, Martin Owen-Jones, Derek William Kenneth Jenkins, Stephen Bennington, Arthur Lovell, Zeynep Kurban
  • Publication number: 20130209913
    Abstract: In one aspect, a method of forming an electrode for an electrochemical device is disclosed. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of mixing at least a first amount of a catalyst and a second amount of an ionomer or uncharged polymer to form a solution and delivering the solution into a metallic needle having a needle tip. The method further includes the steps of applying a voltage between the needle tip and a collector substrate positioned at a distance from the needle tip, and extruding the solution from the needle tip at a flow rate such as to generate electrospun fibers and deposit the generated fibers on the collector substrate to form a mat with a porous network of fibers. Each fiber in the porous network of the mat has distributed particles of the catalyst. The method also includes the step of pressing the mat onto a membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Publication date: August 15, 2013
    Applicant: VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Peter N. Pintauro, Wenjing Zhang
  • Patent number: 8486348
    Abstract: A device is made by forming sacrificial fibers on a substrate mold. The fibers and mold are covered with a first material. The substrate mold is removed, and the covered fibers are then removed to form channels in the first material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Cornell University
    Inventors: Leon M. Bellan, Harold G. Craighead, Elizabeth A. Strychalski
  • Patent number: 8475900
    Abstract: The invention relates to a container prepared from a PCR HDPE blend comprising PCR HDPE and an effective amount of an impact modifier to provide acceptable ESCR results.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Albea Services
    Inventor: Robert Daniel Miskevich
  • Patent number: 8465682
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a semiconductive rubber belt wherein a variation in the electric resistance is decreased, in particular, in the belt circumferential direction so that high-quality images can be formed, and a process for producing the same. In order to achieve the object, in a case where on any single straight line extended in the belt circumferential direction, the maximum value of the molecular orientation ratio correction value MOR-C of the semiconductive rubber belt, the minimum value thereof, and the average thereof are set to satisfy a specified relationship.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Toyo Tire & Rubber Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takahiro Nakagawa
  • Patent number: 8398913
    Abstract: Solid-state deformation processing of crosslinked high molecular weight polymers such as UHMWPE, for example by extrusion below the melt transition, produces materials with a combination of high tensile strength and high oxidative stability. The materials are especially suitable for use as bearing components in artificial hip and other implants. Treated bulk materials are anisotropic, with enhanced strength oriented along the axial direction. The material is oxidatively stable even after four weeks of accelerated aging in a pressure vessel containing five atmospheres of oxygen (ASTM F2003). Because of its oxidative stability, the deformation processed material is a suitable candidate for air-permeable packaging and gas sterilization, which has thus far been reserved for remelted crosslinked UHMWPE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Biomet Manufacturing Corp.
    Inventors: David W. Schroeder, Jordan H. Freedman, James E. Gunter, Brian D. Salyer, H. Gene Hawkins
  • Publication number: 20120326937
    Abstract: An apparatus comprising: a deformable antenna configured to operate in a first physical configuration and configured to operate in a second physical configuration that is deformed relative to the first physical configuration; and magnetic material located in close proximity to the deformable antenna and configured to have a first physical configuration when the deformable antenna is in its first physical configuration and configured to have a second physical configuration that is deformed relative to the first physical configuration when the deformable antenna is in its second physical configuration, wherein the magnetic material when in its first physical configuration has a first magnetic permeability and when in its second physical configuration has a second magnetic permeability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Applicant: NOKIA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Markku Anttoni Oksanen, Pekka Martti Tapio Ikonen, Jussi Olavi Rahola, Jaakko Timonen, Reijo Lehtiniemi, Markku Heino
  • Patent number: 8298638
    Abstract: The invention includes a copolymer of vinylidene chloride with at least one monounsaturated comonomer and at least one branching monomer in an amount sufficient to increase molecular weight over that of a polymer prepared using the same process and same monomers in the same relative amounts except without the branching monomer, but preferably the branching monomer is present in a quantity not sufficient to result in measurable crosslinking as determined by solubility in tetrahydrofuran at up to 83° C. The invention includes a process for making the polymer and processes for forming the copolymer or compositions thereof as well as articles comprising the copolymer and compositions thereof. The copolymer exhibits improved bubble stability and is particularly useful for processes in which the copolymer is at least partially oriented in formation such as blow molding, formation of monofilament fiber and film blowing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2012
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Douglas E. Beyer, Hyun K. Jeon, Eric K. Lee
  • Patent number: 8281938
    Abstract: The invention discloses a nano-fiber material, wherein the nano-fiber material is formed by spinning an ionic polymer into a nano-fiber nonwoven, and the ionic polymer is represented by the formula: wherein: R1 includes phenyl sulfonate or alkyl sulfonate; R2 includes R3 includes and m/n is between 1/50 and 50/1, q?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2012
    Assignee: Industrial Technology Research Institute
    Inventors: Wen-Yi Chen, Shu-Hui Cheng, Feng-Hung Tseng
  • Patent number: 8221657
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to novel phthalocyanines and their use as IR-absorbers, in particular in transparent thermoplastic or crosslinkable polymers. A further aspect of the invention is a composition of these phthalocyanines and thermoplastic or crosslinkable polymers and an architectural or automotive glazing containing these phthatolcyanines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2012
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Francesca Peri, Cesare Lorenzetti, Samanta Cimitan, Markus Grob
  • Publication number: 20120178892
    Abstract: Angular extrusion (AE) methods for creating monolithic polymers with high entanglement density, but small crystallite size, are disclosed. The methods involve consolidating granular polymer in an extrusion channel having at least one strain-imposing feature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventor: Douglas W. Van Citters
  • Publication number: 20120172975
    Abstract: A medical device which defines a lumen for flowing a bodily fluid from an upstream end of the device to a downstream end thereof is disclosed. The device has a luminal wall (14) that extends between the upstream and downstream ends and defines the lumen within which the fluid flows. The wall exhibits a succession of protuberances spaced from each other along the length of the device. Each protuberance has a flank facing upstream (54) and a flank facing downstream (64), the flank facing upstream extending into the fluid flow so that a radially outermost part of the flow of fluid from the upstream to the downstream end of the device impinges on the upstream flank and is thereby caused to reverse its flow, and flow upstream from the upstream flank to the downstream flank of the next adjacent protuberance upstream, creating micro-vortices between two adjacent protuberances.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Inventors: Hans Scholz, Karen Petzold, Ulf Kruger
  • Publication number: 20120148739
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing metal nanostructure which can manufacture a metal nanostructure which has the structure and properties different from the structure and properties of a conventional material and can be properly used in various applications is provided. The method for manufacturing metal nanostructure includes the steps of: preparing metal-coated organic nanofibers in which surfaces of the organic nanofibers are coated with metal; and preparing a metal nanostructure having the structure where the organic nanofibers are used as a template by removing organic components from the metal-coated organic nanofibers by heating the metal-coated organic nanofibers at a temperature ranging from 250° C. to 600° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 9, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Applicants: SHINSHU UNIVERSITY, TOPTEC CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ick Soo KIM, Jae Hwan LEE, Byoung-Suhk KIM, Kei WATANABE, Naotaka KIMURA, Hae-Rim KIM, Hyun-Sik BANG
  • Publication number: 20120091072
    Abstract: A method for removing microorganisms from liquid samples and a nanofiber containing liquid filtration medium that simultaneously exhibits high liquid permeability and high microorganism retention. Microorganisms such as bacteria, particularly B. Diminuta, are removed from a liquid by passing the liquid through a porous nanofiber containing filtration medium having a B. Diminuta LRV greater than about 9, and the nanofiber(s) has a diameter from about 10 nm to about 1,000 nm. Another method for removing microorganisms such as bacteria and Mycloplasma, includes passing the liquid through a porous nanofiber containing filtration medium having a microorganism LRV greater than about 8, and the nanofiber(s) has a diameter from about 10 nm to about 1,000 nm. The filtration medium can be in the form of a fibrous electro spun polymeric nanofiber liquid filtration medium mat.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2010
    Publication date: April 19, 2012
    Applicant: Millipore Corporation
    Inventors: Mikhail Kozlov, Wilson Moya, Gabriel Tkacik
  • Patent number: 8158218
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing an optical film which suffers neither flatness deterioration nor film breakage and is free from problems concerning undulating undulation and partial light leakage. The process for optical film production comprises laminating a cellulose ester resin layer (A) to an acrylic resin layer (B) by coextrusion. The process is characterized in that the cellulose ester resin layer (A) contains 55 to 99 mass % cellulose ester resin and the acrylic resin layer (B) contains 55 to 99 mass % acrylic resin, that the web is conveyed while keeping the layer (A) and the layer (B) in contact with the surface of a first cooling roll and the surface of a second cooling roll, respectively, and that when the surface temperature of the first cooling roll and the surface temperature of the second cooling roll are expressed by Ta (° C.) and Tb (° C.), respectively, then the Ta (° C.) and Tb (° C.) satisfy the following relationship (1). (Ta?80)° C.<Tb(° C.)<(Ta?5)° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Opto, Inc.
    Inventors: Rumiko Yamada, Atsuko Matsuda
  • Patent number: 8119054
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for manufacturing a molded product that includes a resin coating step of coating molten resin onto a forming mold having a minute uneven portion on the surface thereof, a compressing step of pressing the molten resin using the forming mold to thereby arrange the shape of the molded product, and a solidifying step of cooling and solidifying the molten resin. The resin coating step supplies the molten resin to a resin coating device including a discharge port and, while moving the resin coating device, discharges the molten resin onto the minute uneven portion of the heated forming mold from above to fill the molten resin into the minute uneven portion substantially in the same shape and thickness as those of a final shape of the molded product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Japan Steel Works, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Ito, Kazutoshi Yakemoto
  • Patent number: 8110612
    Abstract: A process for preparing a pressure sensitive adhesive using a modified planetary roller extruder is described. The process in accordance with one aspect of the invention includes introducing primary raw materials including a non-thermoplastic elastomer into a feeding section of the modified planetary roller extruder, conveying the raw materials from the feeding section to a compounding section of the modified planetary roller extruder, continuously mixing the primary raw materials in the compounding section to produce a homogeneous adhesive composition. The adhesive composition may be applied to a web-form material. The compounding section of the modified planetary roller extruder includes a main spindle surrounded by and intermeshed with a plurality of planetary spindles at least one of which is a double transversal mixing spindle having a plurality of back-cut helical flights.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Intertape Polymer Corp.
    Inventors: John Kinch Tynan, Jr., Richard Walter St. Coeur, David Michael Kovach, Thomas Lombardo
  • Publication number: 20120027970
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the manufacturing of continuously shaped cured silicone articles, particularly extrusions articles and the use of silicone compositions containing a photoactivatable metal catalyst in said process, wherein the curing is initiated by visible or UV-light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 4, 2008
    Publication date: February 2, 2012
    Applicant: MOMENTIVE PERFORMANCE MATERIALS GMBH
    Inventors: Uwe Irmer, Dieter Wrobel, Yi-Feng Wang
  • Patent number: 8083983
    Abstract: A process to make a polyolefin fiber which has the following steps: mixing at least one polyolefin into a solution at room temperature or a slightly elevated temperature to form a polymer solution and electrospinning at room temperature said polymer solution to form a fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Inventors: John F. Rabolt, Keun-Hyung Lee, Steven R. Givens
  • Patent number: 8084109
    Abstract: A composite packaging material includes a top film and a bottom film as the forming film. The up film is BOPP/PE-TIE-PVDC-TIE-PP-PE structure, which is co-extruded by multi-layer flow or inflation film and formed by a solventless dry way; the bottom films has a PP-TIE-PVDC-TIE-PE structure which is co-extruded by multi-layer flow or inflation film. PVDC is homopolymerization of the polyvinylidene chloride or the copolymer of the methyl acrylate or the vinyl chloride, PE is polyethylene or modified polyethylene, and PP is polypropylene or modified polypropylene. The composite packaging material can solve the problem of effective composite of the PVDC-polyolefin material in the condition of the co-extruding, has high oxygen and water resistance, and can be used for various packages of gasing, vacuumizing and thermal forming.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2011
    Assignees: Jiangsu Caihua Packing Group Company, J&A Industrial (Suzhou) Co., Ltd., Kunshan Jiapu Packing Material Co., Ltd
    Inventor: Xuewen Gao
  • Patent number: 8080330
    Abstract: A microporous separator film for electrochemical cells and a method of making such films is disclosed. The microporous separator film includes an intimate mixture of an electrically insulating matrix phase and a self-switching voltage activated conductive phase, wherein the voltage activated conductive phase provides a plurality of conductive paths from a first face of the microporous separator film to a second face of the microporous separator film. The method for making the composite microporous separator film includes the steps of forming an intimate mixture of at least an insulating matrix phase and a self-switching voltage activated phase, forming a film from the mixture, and generating pores within the film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Farasis Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Keith Douglas Kepler, Yu Wang
  • Publication number: 20110300347
    Abstract: Various methods and systems are provided for the fabrication of patterned nanofibers. In one embodiment, a method includes generating a layer of electrospun nanofibers from a polymer solution and patterning the layer of electrospun nanofibers using ultraviolet (UV) lithography. The patterned electrospun nanofibers may then be thermally treated to form patterned carbon nanofibers. In another embodiment, a device includes a layer of patterned carbon nanofibers formed by generating electrospun nanofibers from a polymer solution, patterning the electrospun nanofibers using UV lithography, and converting the patterned electrospun nanofibers into patterned carbon nanofibers using a thermal treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2011
    Publication date: December 8, 2011
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Yong Kyu Yoon, Gloria J. Kim, Gwan-Ha Kim
  • Patent number: 8057732
    Abstract: Method for making a hollow body comprising, as sole layer(s), at least one layer L1 consisting of a polyamide composition comprising an aromatic polyamide and an impact modifier, said method comprising extruding the polyamide composition through a die.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 15, 2011
    Assignee: Solvay Advanced Polymers, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Bruce H. Bersted, James K. Doty, Jean De Canniere, Claude Dehennau, Gregory Warkoski, Corinne Bushelman, Johan Billiet
  • Patent number: 8048504
    Abstract: A layered composite which includes the following layers (I) and (II), wherein layer (I) includes (a) from 0 to 80 part by weight of at least one particular polyamide; (b) from 0 to 100 parts by weight of at least one polyamine-polyamide copolymer; and (c) from 0 to 80 parts by weight of at least one particular polyamide which is different from (a), wherein various monomer units are present in at least 20 parts by weight of the entirety of (a) and (b) and various other monomer units are present in at least 20 parts by weight of the entirety of (b) and (c); and layer (II) includes at least one ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2011
    Assignee: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Guido Schmitz, Harald Haeger, Hans Ries, Wilfried Bartz
  • Publication number: 20110241262
    Abstract: A flexible tubing material includes a radiation crosslinked blend of a first elastomeric polymer including a styrenic thermoplastic elastomer, an ethylene vinyl acetate elastomer, a polyolefin elastomer with a second elastomeric polymer including a polyolefin elastomer, a diene elastomer, or combination thereof, with the proviso that the first elastomeric polymer and the second elastomeric polymer are different. In an embodiment, a method of making a material includes providing the first elastomeric polymer, providing the second elastomeric polymer, blending the first elastomeric polymer and the second elastomeric polymer, extruding or injection molding the blend, and crosslinking the blend with radiation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2010
    Publication date: October 6, 2011
    Applicant: SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Sridhar K. Siddhamalli, Zhizhong Liu, Mark W. Simon, Charles S. Golub, Heidi Sardinha, Wayne E. Garver, Mark F. Colton, Robert L. Wells, Gerald L. Stadt, Michael J. Tzivanis, William Risen, Nathan Klettlinger
  • Patent number: 8026309
    Abstract: A process is provided for producing a compatibilized polymeric blend. A first thermoplastic polymer and a reactive moiety are provided to a progressive melt kneading apparatus. The reactive moiety comprises a first reactive group capable of reacting with the first thermoplastic polymer but not a second polymer and a second reactive group capable of reacting with the second polymer but not the first polymer. The first thermoplastic polymer and the reactive moiety are then melt kneaded so that the first reactive group reacts with the first thermoplastic polymer and the second reactive group is grafted to the first thermoplastic polymer, forming a molten self-compatibilizer. A molten second polymer is then provided. The molten self-compatibilizer is melt kneaded with the molten second polymer so that the second reactive group reacts with the second polymer to form a compatibilized polymeric blend. Also provided are articles formed from the compatibilized polymer blend.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: PRS Mediterranean Ltd.
    Inventors: Izhar Halahmi, Oded Erez, Adi Erez
  • Patent number: 8022112
    Abstract: A plasticized ceramic-forming mixture and a method for stiffening the mixture, the mixture comprising a combination of inorganic powder, one or more plasticizing organic binders, a radiation-curable monomer, a photoinitiator, and water, and the method comprising stiffening the surfaces of extruded shapes of the mixture by applying electromagnetic energy to the surfaces following extrusion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 20, 2011
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Michelle Dawn Fabian, Edward John Fewkes, Kevin Robert McCarthy