By Treating Occluded Solids Patents (Class 264/49)
  • Patent number: 10682614
    Abstract: A porous membrane may be manufactured with a high content of filler material and a polymer binder. After forming the membrane, the membrane may be post processed to reform the polymer binder into a stronger yet still porous membrane. The post processing may include bringing the membrane above the melt temperature of the polymer or by immersing the membrane in a solvent. Photomicrographs show that the structure may change, yet the performance of the material in batteries and other electrochemical cells may remain the same or even improve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2020
    Inventors: Kirby W. Beard, Ann M. Edwards
  • Patent number: 10632231
    Abstract: A method for making a porous, chemically bonded ceramic shaped article comprises i) providing a precursor powder mixture comprising polymer particles and a ceramic self-setting cementitious powder; ii) preparing a shaped article from a paste comprising the precursor powder mixture and an aqueous liquid; and iii) immersing the shaped article in an immersing liquid in which the polymer particles are soluble, for a period of time of from about 10 minutes to about two weeks to dissolve the polymer particles in the immersing liquid, thereby creating pores in the shaped article. A porous, chemically bonded ceramic shaped article having interconnected pores, a total porosity of at least about 50%, and a macroporosity of at least about 30% can be formed by such methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Assignee: OSSDSIGN AB
    Inventors: Håkan Engqvist, Johanna Unosson
  • Patent number: 10618013
    Abstract: Disclosed are nanocomposite membranes and methods for making and using same. In one aspect, the nanocomposite membrane comprises a film comprising a polymer matrix and nanoparticles disposed within the polymer matrix, wherein the film is substantially permeable to water and substantially impermeable to impurities. In a further aspect, the membrane can further comprise a hydrophilic layer. In a further aspect, the nanocomposite membrane comprises a film having a face, the film comprising a polymer matrix, a hydrophilic layer proximate to the face, and nanoparticles disposed within the hydrophilic layer, wherein the film is substantially permeable to water and substantially impermeable to impurities. This abstract is intended as a scanning tool for purposes of searching in the particular art and is not intended to be limiting of the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Inventors: Eric M. V. Hoek, Yushan Yan, Byeong-Heon Jeong
  • Patent number: 10543076
    Abstract: A laser system for modifying the index of refraction of an optical hydrogel material. The laser system comprises a computer program to determine the position and shape of refractive structures to be written into the optical hydrogel material to correct a patient's vision, and a focused laser that generates laser light having a wavelength of from 400 nm to 900 nm, and which operates with an average power of 10 mW to 1000 mW to produce a pulse energy from 0.05 nJ to 1000 nJ with a peak intensity at focus of greater than 1013 W/cm2. The refractive structures exhibit a change in the index of refraction of 0.01 to 0.06 in the optical hydrogel material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2020
    Assignee: University of Rochester
    Inventors: Wayne H. Knox, Li Ding, Jay F. Kunzler, Dharmendra M. Jani
  • Patent number: 10449094
    Abstract: A wound therapy device and method includes a skin contacting element, a reactor, and a reactor housing element. The skin contacting element is configured for covering an associated tissue site, the reactor for creating a pressure condition at the associated tissue site upon actuation thereof, and the reactor housing element for accommodating the reactor. The skin contacting element has a skin contacting side and an interface side, which is opposite the skin contacting side. The reactor housing element has a lower affixing side and an upper side, which is opposite the lower affixing side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: Lorain County Community College Innovation Foundation
    Inventors: Russell S. Donda, Sundar Manickam, Richard L. Middaugh, Thomas E. Lash, Timothy Wojciechowski, John D. Wolter, John Buan
  • Patent number: 10246831
    Abstract: A synthetic ice panel system for use on a ground surface includes plurality of substantially flat panels that mutually interlock to form a rink, such as for ice skating. Each panel includes a top surface, a bottom surface adapted for resting on the ground surface, and a peripheral edge. The peripheral edge includes a plurality of interlocking tabs and recesses operative to mutually interlock with adjacent panels. Each panel is preferably made with a high-density polymer infused with a lubricant. As such, ice skates and the like are able to slide with relatively low friction on the top surface of the panel. Weather permitting; the panels may be inverted in some embodiments wherein the bottom surface of each panel includes a cooling channel containing a cooling tube through which a coolant flows to freeze water resting on the panel, thereby forming a layer of ice above the panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Inventor: James Loughran
  • Patent number: 10205194
    Abstract: A porous electrolytic composite membrane for electrochemical energy systems, such as alkaline fuel cells, metal-air batteries and alkaline electrolyzers, comprises a porous polymeric material and nanomaterials. The polymeric material is preferably polybenzimidazole (PBI). The nanomaterials are preferably functionalized or non-functionalized. The nanomaterials are preferably titania nanotubes and/or graphene oxide nanosheets. The membrane further comprises an electrolyte solution, such as KOH. A method of preparing the membrane is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Inventors: Zhongwei Chen, Michael Fowler, Hadis Zarrin
  • Patent number: 9908141
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device (1) to disperse particles (12) onto a surface (46). To this aim, the device comprises a container (20) for the particles to be dispersed having at least one scatter opening (22) to dispend particles, a roller like distributing element (30) with a curved surface (36), and means (32) with which the roller like distributing element can be brought into vibration in longitudinal direction, such that particles (12) will be moved out of the scatter opening (22) over the curved surface (36) downwardly in the direction of the surface to be sprinkled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2018
    Assignee: Kronoplus Technical AG
    Inventor: Gerhard Bachmann
  • Patent number: 9850957
    Abstract: An electronic device may include a housing and at least one coil carried by the housing. The electronic device may include a field member that includes a magnetic body having a shaft-receiving passageway therein, and at least one bearing within the shaft-receiving passageway. A shaft extends through the at least one bearing and coupled to the housing to permit reciprocal movement of the field member along the shaft and within the housing responsive to the at least one coil. A controller may be capable of powering the at least one coil to move the field member after a threshold period of non-movement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2017
    Assignee: APPLE INC.
    Inventors: SungChang Lee, Xuefeng Wang, Mi Hye Shin, Wei Guang Wu, Jonah A. Harley
  • Patent number: 9574170
    Abstract: The present invention relates to culturing cells utilizing a matrix of microfibrillated thermoplastic polymeric materials. More specifically, the present invention relates to a method of culturing cells. In addition, the invention relates to a biaxially oriented microfibrillated article for culturing cells dispersed in a cell culture medium. The matrix of thermoplastic polymeric materials for culturing cells of this invention finds use in tissue engineering and wound healing applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Mario A. Perez, Terry R. Hobbs, Stephanie J. Moeller
  • Patent number: 9524886
    Abstract: A brush core for engaging and rotating a generally cylindrical brush having a hollow bore is provided. The brush core includes, but is not limited to, a body section forming an outer surface for engaging the hollow bore of the cylindrical brush. The outer surface of the body section includes three or more sides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2016
    Inventors: Robert G. Kobetsky, Daniel P. McDonald, Alan Varacins, David F. Hakala, Weijin Li
  • Patent number: 9504719
    Abstract: Cells derived from postpartum tissue and products thereof having the potential to support cells of and/or differentiate to cells of a soft tissue lineage, and methods of preparation and use of those postpartum tissue-derived cells, are provided by the invention. The invention also provides methods for the use of such postpartum-derived cells and products related thereto in therapies for conditions of soft tissue.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2016
    Assignee: DePuy Synthes Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Laura Brown, Alexander M. Harmon, Anna Gosiewska
  • Patent number: 9259334
    Abstract: A device for treating a damaged tissue includes an expandable scaffold positionable in a portion of a luminal tissue structure of a mammal; and maintained via stent technology, wherein the scaffold is comprised of electrospun fibers composed of a biodegradable compound. The scaffold serves as a temporary template that allows the tissue to be rebuilt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2016
    Assignee: Board of Regents of The University of Texas System
    Inventors: J. Jordan Massey Kaufmann, C. Mauli Agrawal, Steven R. Bailey
  • Patent number: 9193859
    Abstract: The present invention is directed toward a play composition including a polymeric binder and oil. In an embodiment, the binder is a hydrogenated triblock copolymer including styrene. The oil is a mineral oil. The composition may further include a plasticizer, a release agent, and one or more fillers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2015
    Assignee: Mattel, Inc.
    Inventor: Abimael Cordova
  • Patent number: 9145492
    Abstract: The method to produce ultra-high-molecular-weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) incorporates tungsten-doped titania (TiO2/W) nanofiller during the ethylene polymerization process. The UHMWPE possesses improved mechanical and thermal properties. The process for producing the UHMWPE includes contacting ethylene under polymerization conditions with a polymerization catalyst (a vanadium (III) complex bearing bidentate salicylaldiminato ligands) in the presence of TiO2/W nanofiller and a co-catalyst in a reactor. The reactor is charged with solvent (e.g., toluene) and heated to a temperature suitable for polymerization, e.g., about 30° C. Following heating, the ethylene monomer is fed into the reactor and allowed to saturate for at least 10 minutes, and a methyl aluminum dichloride co-catalyst (MADC) is added to initiate polymerization of ethylene. Polymerization is quenched by adding methanol containing HCl incorporated with titania-tungsten nanofillers, which is then washed and dried to yield UHMWPE.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Inventors: Mamdouh Ahmad Al-Harthi, Omer Yahya Bakather, Sadhan Kumar De, Reyad Awwad Khalaf Shawabkeh
  • Patent number: 9074982
    Abstract: This invention consists in a device and a method to determine the ionic, electronic and mixed (electronic-ionic) conductivity in polymer, ceramic and composite (polymeric-ceramic) membranes. The invention device may work from room temperature to 300° C. and the method includes the collection and analysis of electrochemical impedance spectra during cell operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Inventors: Joel Ramírez Salgado, Marco Antonio Domínguez Aguilar, Arquimides Estrada Martínez, Marcelo Lozada Y Cassou
  • Patent number: 9066997
    Abstract: Various embodiments of scaffolds are disclosed herein. In one embodiment, the scaffold includes a tubular polymeric structure, and a controlled gradient of solid-walled microtubules oriented radially or axially in the tubular polymeric structure. In another embodiment, the scaffold includes a nano-fibrous tubular polymeric structure, and an oriented and interconnected microtubular porous network formed in the nano-fibrous tubular polymeric structure. In still another embodiment, a composite scaffold is formed including a polymeric structure having an inner wall and an outer wall, and at least one electrospun layer positioned along at least one of the inner wall, or the outer wall, or in a middle of the porous polymeric structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of The University of Michigan
    Inventors: Peter X. Ma, Haiyun Ma
  • Publication number: 20150137407
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of manufacturing a porous ceramic body, which includes: (S1) mixing silica powders having a particle size of 0.045˜0.5 mm, zircon flour and wax, thus preparing a ceramic mixture; (S2) placing the ceramic mixture into a mold, thus producing a green body; and (S3) sintering the green body at high temperature, thus obtaining a porous ceramic body, wherein the silica having a particle size of 0.1˜0.5 mm is contained in an amount of 50˜80 wt % based on the total weight of the porous ceramic body; and also which produces a bulk porous ceramic body having good strength and leaching properties with excellent dimensional stability and shape stability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Jeong-Gu Yeo, Jin-Seok Lee, Young-Hwan Kim, Yeon-Gil Jung, Ungyu Paik
  • Publication number: 20150107042
    Abstract: A microporous membrane wipe and a method of using such microporous membrane wipe are disclosed. The microporous membrane wipe may be uniaxially or biaxially oriented microporous membrane. The uniaxially or biaxially oriented microporous membrane may be made from one or more block and/or impact copolymers of polyethylene and/or polypropylene. A method of using such a microporous membrane wipe for skin oil blotting is also disclosed. Further disclosed is a method of using such a microporous membrane wipe for cleaning a surface for the removal of fingerprints, smudges and the like, where such surfaces may include, for example, eyeglasses, electronics, cell phones, displays, optical devices, camera lenses, microscope lenses and other precision optics, and/or the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Kristoffer K. Stokes, Karl F. Humiston, Changqing Wang Adams, William John Mason
  • Publication number: 20150104634
    Abstract: The application disloses methods of fabricating three-dimensional (3D) graphene crystalline foam, based on mixing a carbon source with a skelet (scaffold) powder. In one embodiment heat and pressure are used to compact the carbon and a metal powder into a close packed structure. In another embodiment a 3D crystalline graphene foam is fabricated with a large surface area (550 m2/g) from a 3D metal foam, depositing a layer of graphene using chemical vapour deposition (CVD), depositing a polymer support and removing the metal via wet chemical etching, such that the graphene retains the configuration, and then finally removing the polymer. A method of fabricating the metal foam framework and coating the metal with graphene are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Jonghak Lee, Ozyilmaz Barbaros, Orhan Kahya
  • Patent number: 9005496
    Abstract: Asymmetric membranes comprising a first asymmetric porous zone including a first porous asymmetry that increases from the first exterior surface through the first porous zone of the bulk, and a second asymmetric porous zone including a second porous asymmetry that increases from the second exterior surface through the second porous zone of the bulk, wherein the first average pore size is larger than the second average pore size, as well as methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Xuemei Liang, Mark Murla, Binbing Han, Donald Simonton, Richard Morris
  • Publication number: 20150093605
    Abstract: The present invention relates to zinc electrode and to methods of producing zinc electrode and particularly to a method of producing zinc electrode providing dimensional/geometrical stability during a battery charge/discharge operation. The invention provides methods of use of batteries comprising the zinc electrode of this invention. Applications of batteries of this invention include electric vehicles, portable electronics and drones.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Ernst Khasin, Dekel Tzidon
  • Publication number: 20150086606
    Abstract: A bioresorbable and bioactive three-dimensional porous material made from bioresorbable polymers that can be combined with bioactive ceramics, producing a three-dimensional structure of interlinked pores containing additives capable of allowing the regeneration and formation of tissues, and a method for the production thereof is described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Inventors: Walter Israel Rojas Cabrera, Karina Nakajima, Luana Bendo
  • Publication number: 20150065607
    Abstract: A roll for use in an electrophotographic image forming device according to one example embodiment includes an elastomeric core having hollow microparticles dispersed within the core. The hollow microparticles are compressive and resiliently recoverable after receiving an applied force.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Applicant: Lexmark International, Inc.
    Inventor: James Joseph Semler
  • Publication number: 20150057387
    Abstract: An in-mold foaming molded product having a thin wall part of the present invention contains expanded polypropylene resin particles. The expanded polypropylene resin particles include a polypropylene resin composition that contains an aliphatic diethanolamine fatty acid ester and an aliphatic diethanolamine in a total amount of not less than 0.1 part by weight but not greater than 5 parts by weight with respect to 100 parts by weight of polypropylene resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2013
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Keishi Sato, Toru Yoshida
  • Patent number: 8960449
    Abstract: In manufacturing a composite semipermeable membrane useful for separating a liquid mixture selectively, it is rendered possible to provide a composite semipermeable membrane that exhibits reduced deterioration of water permeability and solute removing property as a result of drying and that demonstrates reduced economic burden and load for waste liquid treatment without impairing the water permeability or solute removal ratio of the composite semipermeable membrane through change of the membrane manufacturing method, by making a saccharide exist in an aqueous polyfunctional amine solution in performing interfacial polycondensation by bringing the aqueous solution of the polyfunctional amine into contact with an organic solvent solution containing a polyfunctional acid halide on a microporous support membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Hiroki Tomioka, Aki Katsuno, Masahiro Henmi
  • Publication number: 20150028510
    Abstract: The present specification discloses porous materials, methods of forming such porous materials, materials and devices comprising such porous materials, and methods of making such materials and devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Futian Liu, Nicholas J. Manesis, Alexei Goraltchouk, Dimitrios Stroumpoulis
  • Publication number: 20150018442
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for preparing a microporous polyolefin film comprising: a step of injecting a composition comprising polyolefin 30 to 60 wt % and a diluent mixture comprising a diluent, which can make liquid-liquid phase separation with the polyolefin thermodynamically 40 to 70 wt %, into an extruding machine, and melting and kneading thereof to prepare a single phase melt; and a step of extruding the melt while conducting liquid-liquid phase separation by passing through a section having the temperature below the liquid-liquid phase separation temperature and forming thereof in the form of a sheet, and a microporous polyolefin film prepared according to the method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Bong-Tae KIM, Heon-Sik SONG, Seung-Yup LEE, Kyoung-Min KIM
  • Patent number: 8925738
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of manufacturing a water treatment membrane having high chlorine resistance and high permeability, the method including: forming an aqueous amine solution layer on a porous support, using an aqueous amine solution including a fluorine compound having an epoxy group in a terminal thereof and an amine compound; and forming a polyamide layer containing the fluorine compound by bringing an organic solution containing acyl halide into contact with the aqueous amine solution layer, and a water treatment membrane manufactured using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Jae-Hong Kim, Young-Hoon Ko, Chong-Kyu Shin
  • Publication number: 20140370239
    Abstract: An element molded from a particle foam, including for example expanded polypropylene foam, includes at least one visible exterior surface defined by the particle foam. The visible exterior surface is textured having a roughness depth of less than or equal to 1.00 mm and a plurality of vent interfaces each having a maximum width of less than or equal to 0.4 mm. Methods of molding the element, together with a mold and a method of making the mold, are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: HERMAN MILLER, INC.
  • Publication number: 20140353240
    Abstract: A hybrid porous structured material may include a porous region and a non-porous region. The porous region may include an imaginary stacked structure, wherein a plurality of imaginary spherical bodies/cavities are stacked so as to contact each other in three-dimensional directions. The non-porous region fills the gaps between the imaginary spherical bodies. A spherical colloid particle is present in each of the plurality of imaginary spherical bodies in the porous region. A separation membrane may include the hybrid porous structured material. A water treatment device may include the membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 21, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Applicants: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD., Research & Business Foundation Sungkyunkwan University
    Inventors: Bo Kyung JUNG, Sung Soo HAN, Pil Jin YOO, Do Kyung RHEE
  • Publication number: 20140345676
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing a mesoporous titanium dioxide thin film from a titanium precursor by using a polymer-grafted alumina composite as a support. The porous titanium dioxide thin film is obtained by using the polymer-grafted hybrid alumina composite as a support for sol-gel reaction, and thus it has a mesoporous structure and high surface area, thereby providing a high dye adsorption ratio. Therefore, a dye-sensitized solar cell using the mesoporous titanium dioxide thin film as a photoelectrode material has high energy conversion efficiency. In addition, it is possible to improve the long-term stability of a dye-sensitized solar cell through efficient infiltration of high-viscosity polymer and solid electrolyte as well as liquid electrolyte.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2012
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Inventors: Jong-Hak Kim, Jung-Tae Park, Harim Jeon, Sang Jin Kim
  • Publication number: 20140339165
    Abstract: Membranes having a single layer comprising first and second porous portions, wherein the first portion has a more open pore structure than the second portion, wherein the first porous portion includes a surface prepared by removing introduced particles, as well as methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Binbing Han, Xuemei Liang, Richard Alan Morris, Donald Carl Simonton, SR.
  • Publication number: 20140339164
    Abstract: Membranes having first and second porous portions, wherein the first portion has a more open pore structure than the second portion, wherein the first porous portion includes pores prepared by removing introduced particles, as well as methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Xuemei Liang, Binbing Han, Richard Alan Morris
  • Publication number: 20140339166
    Abstract: Membranes having first and second porous portions, wherein the first portion has a more open pore structure than the second portion, wherein the first porous portion includes channels prepared by removing introduced fibers, as well as methods of making and using the membranes, are disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Publication date: November 20, 2014
    Applicant: Pall Corporation
    Inventors: Wilfrid Klaus Wixwat, Binbing Han
  • Publication number: 20140272576
    Abstract: An electrode is provided for an electrochemical lithium battery cell. The electrode includes a bulk material that has a plurality of voids dispersed substantially throughout the bulk material. The bulk material is silicon. Numerous other aspects are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: SANDISK 3D LLC
    Inventors: Priyanka Kamat, Rene Hartner, Yitzhak Gilboa, Kang-Jay Hsia, Srikanth Ranganathan, Xiaofeng Liang
  • Publication number: 20140277514
    Abstract: A porous surgical implant constructed of a nonbiodegradable polymer that is molded to form an omnidirectional vascularization frame. The frame defines a porous external surface and a plurality of internal longitudinally extending capillaries of a substantially constant porosity throughout the implant. The internal capillaries are in fluid communication with the external porous surface and thereby configured to absorb a fluid adjacent the implant.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 12, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventors: Henry La Fuente, Brandon La Fuente, Jon Pat Dickenson
  • Publication number: 20140255799
    Abstract: A lithium-air battery cathode having increased mesopore and macropore volume and methods of making the cathode are provided. In at least one embodiment, a plurality of mesopores is present in the cathode having a porosity of 1 to 70 percent. In another embodiment, a plurality of macropores are present in the cathode having a porosity of 5 to 99 percent. In one embodiment, the mesopores and macropores are imprinted using a sacrificial material. In another embodiment, the mesopores and macropores are imprinted by applying a template. In another embodiment, the mesopores and macropores are formed by coating cathode material onto a porous substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: September 11, 2014
    Inventors: Venkataramani Anandan, Andrew Robert Drews
  • Publication number: 20140236299
    Abstract: Synthetic composite materials for use, for example, as orthopedic implants are described herein. In one example, a composite material for use as a scaffold includes a thermoplastic polymer forming a porous matrix that has continuous porosity and a plurality of pores. The porosity and the size of the pores are selectively formed during synthesis of the composite material. The example composite material also includes a plurality of a anisometric calcium phosphate particles integrally formed, embedded in, or exposed on a surface of the porous matrix. The calcium phosphate particles provide one or more of reinforcement, bioactivity, or bioresorption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2013
    Publication date: August 21, 2014
    Inventors: Ryan K. Roeder, Gabriel L. Converse, Stephen M. Smith
  • Publication number: 20140217635
    Abstract: A method of producing a porous molded part includes a mixing process for mixing a granular porous organizer composed of a water-soluble compound, a porous forming assistant agent composed of a polyhydric alcohol, and a cross-linking agent composed of an organic peroxide with a thermoplastic resin composition having a glass transition temperature below 0° C. to obtain a molding material; a cross-linking and forming process for placing the molding material in a molding die and performing a heat press molding thereby progressing coincidentally a cross-linking reaction and a shape forming of a seal face to obtain a molded material; an extracting process for extracting the granular porous organizer from the molded material obtained in the cross-linking and forming process to obtain a porous molded part; and a drying process for drying the porous molded part obtained in the extracting process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: SHACHIHATA INC.
    Inventors: Ikuzo MATSUSHITA, Katsuya TAKAICHI, Yoshiaki NAGATA
  • Publication number: 20140176390
    Abstract: An antenna and a method of manufacturing the antenna are provided. The antenna may include an antenna surface, a ground plane, and an air layer comprising a porous structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Byung Hoon KO, Sang Yun PARK, Youn Ho KIM, Young Jun HONG, Kun Kook PARK, Kun Soo SHIN
  • Publication number: 20140178455
    Abstract: The present invention provides gradient porous scaffolds for bone regeneration and osteochondral defect repair, methods for making such gradient porous scaffolds, and methods for using the gradient porous scaffolds.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2013
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Inventors: Syam P. Nukavarapu, Cato T. Laurencin, Ami R. Amini, Deborah L. Dorcemus
  • Publication number: 20140178964
    Abstract: The invention provides polymer scaffolds for cell-based tissue engineering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: President and Fellows of Harvard College
    Inventors: David J. Mooney, Jaeyun Kim, Sidi A. Bencherif, Weiwei A. Li
  • Publication number: 20140170398
    Abstract: A light-weight material and a method for producing a light-weight material use removable forms to produce an array of interconnected voids within the material. The forms include a plurality of spaced apart and adjoining blocks onto which the material is deposited, and the blocks are constructed of a material that may be desolidified, such as by vaporization, to remove the blocks from the material, leaving behind a network of interconnected voids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventors: William Brenden Carlson, Gregory D. Phelan, Vincent Casasanta, III, Feng Wan
  • Patent number: 8753552
    Abstract: A heat sink using porous graphite having graphite particle-stacked porous graphite is provided. The heat sink may provide good heat conductivity and improve strength of carbon foam. Also, a manufacturing method of porous graphite is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Shuoen Tech. Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Hsu-Tien Hu, Jiun-Hsu Hsiao
  • Publication number: 20140154491
    Abstract: Described herein are foam-like materials having substantially the same physical structure of polyurethane foams but with properties that can be tailored for a particular application. Methods of forming these foam-like materials are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: ALLERGAN, INC.
    Inventors: Alexei Goraltchouk, Jordan Thompson, Miriam M. Abiad, Kevin Ma, Dennis Van Epps, Nicholas J. Manesis
  • Publication number: 20140154495
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a defect inspection apparatus including: a container storing a fluid; a passage member that is configured such that a hollow fiber membrane travel passage, which allows the porous hollow fiber membrane to pass therethrough continuously, is formed thereinside and the passage member being disposed in the fluid to thereby fill the passage with the fluid; a restrictor that restricts travel of the porous hollow fiber membrane such that the porous hollow fiber membrane passes through the fluid in the hollow fiber membrane travel passage of the passage member; a fluid suction device that flows the fluid in the hollow fiber membrane travel passage to thereby lower the pressure of the fluid in the hollow fiber membrane travel passage; and an air bubble detector that detects an air bubble that is released into the fluid from a defect of the porous hollow fiber membrane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: Mitsubishi Ryaon Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kotaro Hiraoka, Toshinori Sumi, Hiroyuki Fujiki
  • Publication number: 20140141581
    Abstract: Particles having a property of absorbing carbon at a particular temperature or higher are deposited on a graphene. The particles are heated to a temperature equal to the particular temperature or higher to make the particles absorb carbon from portions of the graphene under the particles. The particles are removed. Consequently, a graphene nanomesh is obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 27, 2014
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: FUJITSU LIMITED
    Inventors: Shintaro SATO, Taisuke IWAI
  • Publication number: 20140137399
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a separator for nonaqueous electrolyte electricity storage devices. The method allows: avoidance of use of a solvent that places a large load on the environment; and relatively easy control of parameters such as the porosity and the pore diameter. The production method of the present invention includes the steps of: preparing an epoxy resin composition containing an epoxy resin, a curing agent, and a porogen; forming a cured product of the epoxy resin composition into a sheet shape or curing a sheet-shaped formed body of the epoxy resin composition, so as to obtain an epoxy resin sheet; removing the porogen from the epoxy resin sheet by means of a halogen-free solvent so as to form a porous epoxy resin membrane; and drying the porous epoxy resin membrane by heat-roll drying.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventors: Akira Sanami, Shunsuke Noumi, Noriaki Harada, Yoshihiro Nakamura, Masaya Yano
  • Patent number: 8715781
    Abstract: An example of a nanoballoon thermal protection system includes a refractory ceramic foam having carbide balloons. The foam has a closed cell structure not allowing liquid to penetrate through the foam. Each of the carbide balloons is hollow and has a diameter greater than 0 nm and less than 900 nm. Each of the carbide balloons includes a refractory carbide. In addition, a vehicle with thermal shield includes a surface and a first and second nanoballoon closed cell foam coatings. Each of the foam coatings has a melting point temperature greater than 1000° C. and a density less than 85%. Each of the foam coatings has hollow balloons having a diameter less than 900 nm. Each of the foam coatings includes a closed cell structure not allowing liquid to penetrate through the respective coating. Methods for manufacturing a nanoballoon system and a nanoballoon thermal protection system are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Alfred A. Zinn, Justin S. Golightly, Loosineh Avakians