Shifting Movement Patents (Class 273/153S)
  • Patent number: 6162059
    Abstract: The problem solving skills development system is used, for example, as a puzzle or game, to develop problem solving or analytical skills in visually impaired individuals. The system includes a supporting board having sliding pieces arranged in a grid, for example, a 4 by 4 grid of 15 sliding pieces and one empty position. The sliding pieces include tactilly recognizable regions that are arranged into a predetermined pattern by sliding and shifting the appropriate pieces. The tactilly recognizable regions can include characters, such as letters that can be arranged to form words or phrases, numbers that can be arranged in numerical order, or any other symbols. Some of the tactilly recognizable regions can also include blank surfaces to make the puzzle easier for individuals at lower ages or abilities. The system preferably includes tactile recognition blocks that have the tactilly recognizable regions and that can be removably engaged with the sliding pieces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Inventors: Kevin Murphy, Janice Murphy
  • Patent number: 6161832
    Abstract: A stacking block game includes a plurality of game blocks stackable in layers, and an elongate sleeve comprising four planar sides defining an interior for retaining the game blocks in layers in the interior. Apertures are provided in the sides, coincide with the game block layers and are dimensioned for passing the game blocks therethrough. The game blocks have a cuboid shape and colored indicia on the faces thereof, and are inserted in the sleeve interior in layers of four game blocks. The stacking block game is played by assigning a different indicia to each player, and then each player ejecting one of the game blocks from the sleeve interior, in turn, by pressing a previously-ejected game block through one of the apertures and against a game block opposite the game block to be ejected. Generally, each player makes a note of the indicia on the uppermost face of the previously ejected game block, and then presses that game block against the indicia of a game block in the sleeve matching the noted indicia.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2000
    Assignee: Irwin Toy Limited
    Inventors: Edward Thomas Holahan, Craig Dennis Sellers
  • Patent number: 6142471
    Abstract: A logical toy has two coaxial, spring-biased parallel plates formed as disks which are concentrically turnable about a common axis and are provided with arcs, a plurality of toy logical elements surrounded by the arcs and turnable inside the arcs, the toy logical elements being formed as parts of a cylinder, one of the plates having an inner surface provided with a ring-shaped passage with depressions for fixing of a mutual turning of the plates, the other of the plates having an inner surface provided with ring-shaped projection corresponding to a diameter of the ring-shaped passage and having spherical projections, the ring-shaped projections having a height which is greater than a height of spherical projections, the ring-shaped passage with the depressions and the ring-shaped projection with the spherical projections being located concentrically to the axis of turning of the plates at the minimal distance from the axis, the arcs and the inner surfaces of the plates having a common sides provided with radi
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2000
    Inventor: Igor Goldman
  • Patent number: 6139015
    Abstract: A maze toy is formed of a base, a movable element, and a housing. The base is of a three-dimensional construction and is formed of a plurality of two-dimensional planes such that at least two adjoining planes of the periphery of the base form jointly a layout area which is provided with a plurality of separation portions forming a three-dimensional and intricate track in which the movable element travels. The housing is used to seal off the layout area. The base is formed of at least two pivoted subbases and a rotating mechanism for turning the two subbases so as to enable the maze toy to have a plurality of changeable tracks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Inventor: Frank Hsieh
  • Patent number: 6129356
    Abstract: A five-layer intellectual cube includes six sides, each of which is divided vertically and horizontally into five smaller movable surfaces respectively so that each side has 25 smaller movable surfaces. By rotating the six sides, the arrangement of the smaller movable surfaces can be changed to provide a variety of combinations by colors or patterns. The cube includes a central axle block, six first blocks, twenty-four second blocks, twelve third blocks, twenty-four fourth blocks, twenty-four fifth blocks and eight sixth blocks arranged so that the blocks can be assembled into regular sub-units that can easily be stacked to form the cube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2000
    Inventor: Chen Sen Li
  • Patent number: 6116599
    Abstract: The manipulable puzzle of the present invention includes a housing, multiple sliding bars, and multiple movable pieces. The housing has a support surface with an area defined by walls. The sliding bars are retained on the support surface by overhangs extending from opposing walls such that the sliding bars are removable and can slide across the support surface. The sliding bars each have a channel and peak pattern through which the movable pieces are slid as the sliding bars are manipulated to provide adjacent channels for the movable pieces to move through.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Assignee: Binary Arts Corporation
    Inventors: Harry L. Nelson, Hiroshi Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 6116600
    Abstract: A slidable block puzzle game played by maneuvering rectangular blocks in a smooth surfaced box with low walls is hinged to a lid of the same size that contains partitions that enclose each of the rectangular blocks in their initial game-starting position when the lid is closed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2000
    Inventor: Labib A. Aryan
  • Patent number: 6092808
    Abstract: A puzzle construction is provided that can be conveniently configured in the form of a humanoid figure. The puzzle includes an upper torso, a lower torso, and five appendages spaced around a periphery of the upper and lower torsos. The puzzle is configured to resemble a humanoid figure, with each of the appendages configured to resemble a humanoid type appendage, such as an arm, a leg, or a head. The upper and lower torsos are rotatably connected so that they may rotate relative to each other about a central, longitudinally-extending axis. The appendages are mounted to the torsos so that they may rotate about a central axis that is perpendicular to the first axis and intersects the first axis. The upper torso is configured to carry three of the appendages when it is rotated and a lower torso is configured to carry two of the appendages when it is rotated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Inventor: Joshua G. Frankel
  • Patent number: 6089402
    Abstract: A puzzle candy dispenser 10 which includes a spherical inner body 12 having a plurality of grooves 14 provided on its outer surface and sized to allow a ball-shaped confection 16 to roll therein. The grooves 14 form a maze between an entry aperture 18 and exit aperture 20 in the outer surface of the inner body 12. A spherical outer shell 22 of slightly larger diameter is adapted to substantially enclose the inner body 12 and has an indentation 24 sufficiently large to allow one of the ball-shaped confections 16 to roll therein when the indentation 24 is located over one of the grooves 14. The ball-shaped confection can be steered by the indentation 24 from the entry aperture 18 through the maze of grooves 14 to the exit aperture 20 by manipulating the outer shell 22 relative to the inner body 12 in order to dispense a confection. A release mechanism 40 is provided for releasing a single candy from a hollow interior of the inner body 12 through the entry aperture 18.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: Technovation Australia Pty Ltd
    Inventor: Victor Manuel Pracas
  • Patent number: 6056290
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novelty game cube. The game cube of the present invention is comprised of twelve different side edge pieces. Each of these side edge pieces, in turn, includes two triangular exterior faces of different colors. The triangluar exterior faces of the side edge pieces together form the six sides of the game cube. Cube elements are formed through the interconnection of three ajoining side edge pieces. These cube elements are rotatably connected to the interior of the game cube. All together there are eight cube elements. The object of the game is to rotate the cube elements to form a cube with six faces of a uniform color.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2000
    Inventor: James R. Holloway
  • Patent number: 6039318
    Abstract: An improvement is disclosed in a puzzle of the type including a rectangular base piece, a raised rectangular frame surrounding the sides of the base piece and defining therewith a recessed platform; and a plurality of rectangular flattened pieces which are positionable on said platform within said frame, and of dimensions and number when so positioned in mutual lateral contact as to provide a single rectangular void space among the pieces; the flattened pieces being slidable on the plane of the platform subject to lateral restraint by one another; and the object of the puzzle being to proceed from a designated starting configuration of the flattened pieces, and interchange the respective initial positions of designated of the flattened pieces by successive sliding movements of pieces into and out of the said void space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Inventor: Otto Kuczynski
  • Patent number: 6027116
    Abstract: DIDACTIC SKILL-DEVELOPING, MULTI-COMBINABLE MINIATURE TOY OR ORNAMENT, in which the a sphere (1) is made up of two hemispheres (10-11) coupled by a grooving and tonguing assembly, with a centering element (16-16A), joined by concealed fittings (6-6A) and provided with six housings (12) for each part of a T-shaped guide (4) and three retractile locking devices (17, 17A, 17B) incorporated into the immobilized pivotal octant (2) where its seven parts or movable octants (5) fit, as well as an octant-pivot (2A), adapted specially and differently, to be fitted to independent objects, instruments or such like, and also a covering or enveloping octant which is also specially adapted for this purpose. It applies to a toy or ornaments of small size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2000
    Assignee: National Project S.A.
    Inventor: Francisco Josa Patermann
  • Patent number: 6022021
    Abstract: An entertainment device includes at least three sets of six movable elements and each of the elements of each of the sets is substantially in the form of a regular triangle. The elements of different sets are differently colored or marked. The six elements of each set are arranged around a primary center point of the set and defining a circumscribed circle. The center points of the three sets are arranged to define an auxiliary regular triangle with the circumscribed circles thereof tangential to each other. The auxiliary regular triangle has a center which defines a secondary center point surrounded by six of the elements that are from the sets associated with the auxiliary angle so that each of the primary center points and the secondary center point has six of such movable elements surrounding it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2000
    Inventor: Heng-Chun Ku
  • Patent number: 6003868
    Abstract: A game ball with at least two axially symmetrical portions, rotatable with respect to each other, is provided with two diametrically opposite cones having a common center axis and being rotatable together around the center axis at their facing peaks. A ring-shaped central portion supplements the two cones to a ball and is rotatable relative to the two cones around the center axis. A guide groove extends in one main plane of the ball around the periphery of the ball. The groove is formed at the outer surfaces of the two spherical calottes of the cone and the central portion. Operating elements, in a peripheral direction are arranged in a row, are positioned in the main plane of the ball, and are guided within the guide groove.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Inventor: Andreas Unsicker
  • Patent number: 5992850
    Abstract: A four-layer intellectual cube is divided on each side thereof horizontally and vertically into sixteen movable smaller blocks. These smaller blocks can be rotated and can slide to change their orientations, so that every side of the intellectual cube can be varied in combination by colors or patterns, and this can arouse brains of people to get an intellectual enhancing effect. In this structure, each side of a central member is mounted with a rotatable block, a first and a second slidable block are clamped between every two rotatable blocks, these slidable blocks limit rotation and sliding areas of four central movable units, eight edge movable units and four corner movable units, in this way, sliding of each movable unit on every side of the four-layer intellectual cube provided with different colors or patterns in operation can change its position, so that the six sides are varied in combination, and thereby complexity of the cube can be increased.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Inventor: Chen Sen Li
  • Patent number: 5992851
    Abstract: A compact mechanical toy is provided. The toy is a multi-sided game including multiple sides and a plurality of moveable pieces. The toy includes a first part including one side having a cavity shaped to fit any one of the plurality moveable pieces at one time. The toy further includes a second part rotatably coupled to the first part, the second part including a complex cavity in each of the multiple sides, the complex cavity shaped to fit each of the plurality of moveable pieces in a certain order. The object of the game is to move each of the plurality of pieces from a first side in the second part to a second side in the second part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 30, 1999
    Inventor: Miklos Ajtai
  • Patent number: 5957453
    Abstract: The spin puzzle includes a plurality of individual spin elements having opposing spaced surfaces and a peripheral edge surface therebetween. Each element has a circular axial opening and a thin lip positioned about the axial opening on one surface of the spin element and extending away therefrom, the other opposing surface having a recess about the axial opening into which a lip from an adjacent element can fit so that the two elements abut in axial alignment. Also positioned on one opposing surface of each element are a plurality of spaced, raised rib portions, each rib portion being rounded, elongated and relatively narrow. In the other opposing surface are matching cavities into which the rib portions from an adjacent element can fit, thus providing a rotational indexing capability for each element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Inventor: Dennis Binkley
  • Patent number: 5947473
    Abstract: A puzzle is provided comprising a base portion with an upper and a lower surface. A pictorial representation is provided on the upper surface of the base portion. Portions are removed from the pictorial representation at predetermined positions to create a plurality of blank portions. A track is provided through the upper surface interconnecting these blank portions. A plurality of manipulative elements are further provided which are fixedly secured within the track. Each of the manipulative elements have an upper face surface which includes an illustration corresponding to those removed portions of the pictorial representation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Inventor: Lynn Spitzer
  • Patent number: 5924692
    Abstract: This invention is a multi-stable mechanical device. It is a bundle of rods surrounded by elastic, which when manipulated can be made to change from one stable close-packed state to another, causing a sudden rearrangement of the rods within the bundle, and producing a snapping noise or click which can be heard and felt with the fingers, and interesting visual effects due to the rearrangement of the rods. Possible applications of this invention are amusement devices, puzzles, science education, toys, executive pacifiers, hand exercisers, and physics and materials science demonstrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Inventor: Bruce Lamar Rosenberg
  • Patent number: 5884912
    Abstract: A thing for amusement related to a puzzle or maze which has cylindrical body with a labyrinth's relief. The labyrinths Picture may be changed by revolving and rearranging the cylindrical sections (11). Cylindrical labyrinth has one or more guide-rings (40), (50) for leading guide-element (41), (51) along the chutes (25) from start to finish point. Guide-rings have catch elements (42), (52) for joining each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 23, 1999
    Inventor: Alexander G. Ignatiev
  • Patent number: 5857674
    Abstract: An interactive game is contemplated having an outer container and a tray engaged within the outer container. The tray including a plurality of compartments adapted to receive and retain articles within. Openings are formed in the outer container aligned with at least a portion of each compartment. A cover is provided for selectively covering the openings and concealing the interior of the compartments. Channels are formed in the tray which extend between the sidewalls of the tray and the interior of the compartments. A book may be provided for the purposes of providing instruction or to further support the overall theme of the game.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Inventor: Christian Legrand
  • Patent number: 5857673
    Abstract: The invention relates to spatial figures, figural arrangement or logical plaything for improving stereoscopic vision comprising bordering lattice plates (2) in a parallelepipedon form, wherein movable elements (1) being of nearly similar form to the enclosed space are accommodated. The number of the elements are one piece less than the elements having room in the available space. Movable elements (1) are distinguished by symbols, colours. Movable elements (1) are compressed while assembling and pressing flexibly to each other and the lattice plates (2). Movable elements (1) keep their spatial position against their weight. A coupling means is also disclosed for joining up angularly the flexible plates, which coupling consists of ribs (14) parallel with the plane of the plate (2) and perpendicular slots (12). These elements are arranged on the edges of the plates (2) and alternatingly can be snapped to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1999
    Inventors: Daniel Ablonczy, Jozsef Vadasz
  • Patent number: 5845904
    Abstract: A cylindrical slide puzzle system including a cylindrical member, such as an open cylinder, cup or mug, having a slide puzzle incorporated with an outer cylindrical surface thereof. The slide puzzle includes a plurality of slide puzzle elements or pieces which are preferably arranged to form three horizontal rows between the top and bottom edges of the open cylindrical member, cup or mug--this allows for better fit as the slide puzzle elements proximate both the top and bottom are firmly held in place along at lease one side surface and a better fit is assured between the puzzle pieces. A single jamb or vertical stop extending between the top and the bottom edges of the cylindrical member is also provided. A handle, if desired, may be attached to the jamb so as to convert the cylindrical member from a cup to a mug in the case where a solid bottom wall is provided. This jamb serves as part of the frame of the puzzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1998
    Inventor: Victor J. Hawkins
  • Patent number: 5836584
    Abstract: A spherical puzzle toy includes a spherical shell, which consists of two semi-spherical shells turned on an axis relative to each other, a plurality of partition panels mounted around the spherical shell and defining three intersected tracks around the spherical base along the X,Y and Z axes, and a plurality of slides marked with different marks and moved in the intersected tracks, and wherein the intersected tracks are switched to one another to change the combination of the slides by turning the semi-spherical shells relative to each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Inventor: Tsun Ding Chen
  • Patent number: 5826871
    Abstract: A two-layer intellectual cube composed of eight movable smaller blocks, each side thereof is divided horizontally and vertically into four areas with different paterns or colors; these smaller blocks can be rotated to change their orientations, so that every side of the intellectual cube can be varied in combination, and this can arouse brains of human to get an intellectual enhancing effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 27, 1998
    Inventor: Chen Sen Li
  • Patent number: 5823530
    Abstract: A spatial puzzle cube comprises a main body with six surfaces and eight corners. Each surface has a circular depression. Each corner has a triangular depression. A fixed disc with eight slide grooves is disposed in each circular depression. A rotated disc with eight recesses is disposed on each corresponding fixed disc. A fixed pyramid with three slide slots is disposed in each triangular depression. A rotated trilateral pyramid with three slots is disposed on each corresponding fixed pyramid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 20, 1998
    Inventor: Ju-Shun Yang
  • Patent number: 5816571
    Abstract: A spherical puzzle toy includes a spherical shell having six circular recesses disposed on X-axis, Y-axis and Z-axis at two opposite sides, six circular turn plates respectively turnably mounted on the circular recesses and having each a respective crossed track on the outside linked with one another, and a plurality of slides moved in the crossed tracks to form any of a variety of combinations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 6, 1998
    Inventor: Tsun Ding Chen
  • Patent number: 5788236
    Abstract: A competitive strategy game playable by two or more players. The illustrated game includes a board defining a plurality of channels arranged adjacent to one another. Each channel has a plurality of positions arranged along the channel. Each player is provided with a set of player pieces, the player pieces of each set being visually distinguishable from the pieces of the other set. For example, the pieces of each set may be difference colors. The players take turns adding one or more of their pieces to selected channels. The channels each include structure to guide the process along the channel. The channels and pieces are proportioned and arranged to that when a piece is added to an already occupied position in a channel, the displaced piece that was in that position is shifted to an adjacent position in the channel, which in turn shifts additional pieces in the channel to new positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Assignee: Adolph E. Goldfarb
    Inventors: Adolph E. Goldfarb, Martin I. Goldfarb
  • Patent number: 5785318
    Abstract: A hand-held puzzle comprising an planar, square array of mirror surface tiles confined for sequential planar movement via a ninth, vacant, tile size space or to alter the positions of individual blocks in the array. A humanoid character molded in one piece from elastomeric material has hands and feet anchored to preselected respective corner tiles by adhesive so that the limbs torso can be twisted, intertwined and contorted into stable different configurations by such sequential movement of respective tiles. The character's body is marked with black and white stripes which extend in straight manner along the limbs and torso when the body is undeformed enabling the direction of distortion of the limbs body to be more readily perceived by a player.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 28, 1998
    Inventor: Dov Nesis
  • Patent number: 5779238
    Abstract: A minimal mass preferably spherical nucleus divided in three perpendicular planes forming six sockets and eight triangular hollows. Six guidance organs mount in the sockets and retain seven mobile support parts and one fixed support part received in the triangular hollows and including projecting stems which mount external members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Inventor: Francisco Josa-Patermann
  • Patent number: 5775693
    Abstract: An interactive toy/puzzle comprising a planar playing board in which moveable indicia interacts with fixed indicia is disclosed. The moveable indicia may also interact with other moveable indicia. The movement of the moveable indicia may occur in channels, apertures, circles, or the like in the playing board which hold the moveable indicia within. Solution to the puzzle is not limited to a specific number of movements, and success may be achieved at many different levels. Directions for working the puzzle and/or clues for solving the puzzle may be included as fixed indicia on the planar playing board. A selection device, such as a spinner, may be provided for selecting one of a plurality of predetermined relationships between the fixed indicia and the moveable indicia. The planar playing board may be two sided with different puzzles on its upper and lower surface in which a correct alignment of puzzle pieces on the upper surface may result in an automatic misalignment of puzzle pieces on the lower surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 7, 1998
    Inventor: Robert E. Clancy
  • Patent number: 5769418
    Abstract: A puzzle has a transparent top layer and a bottom layer which can be seen through the top layer. The top layer of the puzzle is provided with a top image and the bottom layer with a bottom image which is associated with this top image. When viewed through the transparent top layer both top and bottom images are seen as a composite image. At least one of the top and bottom layers include a plurality of image elements moveable relative to each other to produce at least one desired composite image which is the solution to the puzzle. For added complexity, both top and bottom layers may include moveable image elements which are manipulated from opposite sides of the puzzle. The puzzle is particularly adapted to slide puzzles having two layers of slide tiles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1998
    Inventors: Daniel B. Gilbert, Walter L. Good, III
  • Patent number: 5725213
    Abstract: An improvement is disclosed in a puzzle of the type including a rectangular base piece, a raised rectangular frame surrounding the sides of the base piece and defining therewith a recessed platform; and a plurality of rectangular flattened pieces which are positionable on said platform within said frame, and of dimensions and number when so positioned in mutual lateral contact as to provide a single rectangular void space among the pieces; the flattened pieces being slidable on the plane of the platform subject to lateral restraint by one another; and the object of the puzzle being to proceed from a designated starting configuration of the flattened pieces, and interchange the respective initial positions of designated of the flattened pieces by successive sliding movements of pieces into and out of the said void space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1998
    Inventor: Otto Kuczynski
  • Patent number: 5722657
    Abstract: A puzzle game assembled with movable parts that form an irregular polyhedron volume with the appearance of a star of 6 points in the shape of pyramids of rectangular bases, in three pairs of opposed apexes, composed of 27 pieces, of which one is fixed and invisible and 26 are movable and visible, identified in three types of different shapes, A, B and C. The six A type pieces of pyramidal shape, rotate asymmetrically with regard to their opposing pieces, centered by pairs on the axes perpendicularly intersecting in the center of the toy. The twelve B type pieces, of asymmetric shape, translate asymmetrically with regard to the center of the toy and are initially ordered by pairs coordinated on three pairs of parallel axes with four horizontal and two vertical ones that are intercrossed eccentric and equidistant to the center of the toy. The eight C type pieces are diagonally coordinated with regard to the center of the toy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Inventor: Dario Cabrera
  • Patent number: 5687970
    Abstract: A gameboard includes a plurality of top-slotted, intersecting channels to define a grid of tracks for movement of playing pieces along and between the tracks. Each of the playing pieces includes a head projecting from the channel and a base within the channel. The head and base are interconnected by a neck having a collar so as to expand its cross section over a portion of its length. The neck passes through the slot to allow free movement of the piece along the tracks and inhibit removal of the piece from the plane of the gameboard. The collar is seated within the track intersections to restrict movement of the piece out of the intersections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 18, 1997
    Inventor: William H. Clark
  • Patent number: 5645278
    Abstract: An amusement device comprises six rigid bodies permanently connected via six pivots in a closed loop, each body containing a track segment or track segments bearing game pieces movable in the track segments. Axes of the pivots form a symmetrical pattern around a line of symmetry, and as a consequence, the pivots allow the rigid bodies to be reoriented by a player, so as to align different track segments end to end. Game pieces can then be moved from one track segment to another. The object of play is to arrange game pieces in a specific pattern among the six bodies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 8, 1997
    Inventor: John D. Harris
  • Patent number: 5642884
    Abstract: A puzzle, solved by arranging scrambled visual information in a predetermined visually recognizable pattern, is provided. In one form, the puzzle comprises a plurality of puzzle pieces arrangeable to form at least one surface according to said predetermined visually recognizable pattern, at least one of said pieces bearing a reflection hologram designed to reconstruct a first form of visual image information when observed at a first viewing angle and a second form of visual image information when observed at a second viewing angle, said first and second forms of visual image information being "different in type". In another form, the present invention provides a puzzle comprising a plurality of puzzle pieces arrangeable to form at least one surface according to a predetermined visually recognizable pattern, and wherein at least one of said pieces bears a reflection hologram designed to reconstruct visual image information, the peak angle of reconstruction being substantially normal to said surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: Polaroid Corporation
    Inventor: David E. Pitcher
  • Patent number: 5643085
    Abstract: A two-dimensional cyclic game for creating and implementing puzzles and the like includes a two-dimensional playing field of either planar or curved configurations, a plurality of fixed sites defined on the playing field, and a plurality of game objects occupying the fixed sites. The game objects are movable only in groups. The groups are repositionable through performance of a series of consecutive moves to restore the game objects on the sites to a desired pattern. Also, in each of the moves, the game objects in a selected one of the groups are cyclically moved simultaneously in a given direction through translation or rotation along an endless cyclic path. In each cyclic translational move, the game objects of the selected one group are moved such that one of the game objects of the selected group located adjacent to a first portion of the playing field border is moved off the field at the first portion thereof and back onto the playing field at a second portion of the playing field border.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Inventors: Sergey K. Aityan, Alexander V. Lysyansky
  • Patent number: 5628512
    Abstract: A skill challenging puzzle game shaped like an space station comprises of three spherical members rotatably mounted on a circular disc-shaped main body. Each spherical member is rotatably mounted on a horizontal axis located at the periphery of the main body and consists of eight equal size sectors. The disc-shaped main body consists of an inverted upper saucer and a lower saucer mounted together and rotatable horizontally relative to each other about a central axis such that the upper portion of the spherical members may be scrambled from or matched with selected lower portion of the spherical members. The matched spherical members may be additionally rotatable relative to their horizontal axes to obtain various challenging combinations of colours or patterns provided on the spherical members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Inventor: Wai K. Chan
  • Patent number: 5622368
    Abstract: A puzzle disc including a body portion, a cover having two open slots extending inwardly from its circumference and fitted in a central portion of the body portion thereby forming a track having a neck portion between the cover and the body portion, a circular member rotatably arranged in the body portion, and a plurality of movable elements fitted in the track, whereby the degree of difficulty in playing the puzzle disc can be adjusted to fit for players with different intelligence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 1996
    Date of Patent: April 22, 1997
    Inventor: Chiu-Huang Chang
  • Patent number: 5615882
    Abstract: A maze game comprising a plurality of movable maze pieces, a maze board, a housing, having a polygonal shape and containing said maze board, and a top, having slots, restricting maze pieces movements. The maze pieces of substantially elongated shape, arc located in the top's slots, extending both inside the housing, being received by the maze board's passages, and outside to be controlled by the maze handler. When moved in the direction allowed by the slot where it is contained, the maze piece either move along the passage of the maze board, or, if the direction of the slot doesn't coincide with the passage, move the maze board, if other maze pieces allow such a movement. The object of the maze is to place the maze pieces from one predetermined position to another.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 1, 1997
    Inventor: Dmitry Zlotsky
  • Patent number: 5611536
    Abstract: A puzzle comprises a box formed by a sleeve and a drawer, similar to a matchbox, but with the sleeve closed at one end and open at the other end. The length of the drawer is equal to the interior length of the sleeve so that, when the drawer is inserted fully into the sleeve until its interior end abuts the closed end of the sleeve, the open end of the sleeve is closed by the outer end of the drawer, giving the appearance of a box with similar end panels. The edge of the sleeve at the open end has indents in at least two of its opposite faces. The drawer has corresponding protrusions which correspond exactly to the indents. When the drawer is fully inserted, the protrusions fill the indents and complete the respective surfaces. To open the box, the protrusions are grasped between finger and thumb and pulled outwards. Preferably, the box is shaped like a crate with longitudinal parallel slats simulating plank pieces and transverse slats simulating strapping.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 18, 1997
    Inventor: David A. Foreshew
  • Patent number: 5609338
    Abstract: A puzzle has different groups of playing pieces which form a full rectangle only when they are properly fitted with one another. All of the playing pieces from all of the groups have a rectangular configuration and each playing piece of a particular group has the same shape and size and is interchangeable in position in the puzzle with all other pieces from that particular group. The puzzle also includes a number of individual rectangular playing pieces which must be fitted with the groups of playing pieces to complete the puzzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1997
    Inventor: Aftab Ibrahim
  • Patent number: 5575476
    Abstract: A game device includes a parallelepiped body having six outer shells engaged on six surfaces. The outer shells each includes a tube engaged with the body and each includes four notches formed in the peripheral portion. A number of slides are slidably engaged in the notches of the outer shells and movable between the notches. Six groups of patterns are printed on the outer surfaces of the slides. The users may move the slides of same group of patterns to the notches of an identical outer shell for educational purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Inventor: Ju-Hsun Yang
  • Patent number: 5566941
    Abstract: A spherical puzzle device having two types of surface members positioned around an inner support sphere, wherein the position of each surface member can be moved to the position of any like member. The device may be divided into three sets of opposing domes, with each set of opposing domes being separated by an equatorial band. Thus, both types of surface members can be repositioned by rotating the opposing domes. Further, the domes may be rotated in increments of ninety degrees, after which a different set of domes may be maneuvered. The present puzzle also includes a structure for complete disassembly and reassembly by the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Inventor: Rudolf Destics
  • Patent number: 5564703
    Abstract: The invention is to a puzzle toy which includes a solid body having a plurality of bore holes extending completely through the solid body such that each bore hole extends between two faces of the solid body. Some of the bore holes intersect with other bore holes such that pins inserted into the bore holes would interfere with at least one other pin in a bore hole. Some of the pins have at least one notch along its length to allow an interfering pin to partially pass through without interference. Each pin extends through a slide that moves the pin to one side after it is removed from its respective hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1996
    Inventor: Mark A. McGuire
  • Patent number: 5542673
    Abstract: A manipulable self-contained game puzzle with a base, multiple slider members mounted on the base through a switch and movable coded transfer members transferably mounted on the slider members for selective movement of the coded transfer members relative to the slider members and the base so as to permit manipulation of the individual coded transfer members into a selected pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1996
    Assignee: Binary Arts Corporation
    Inventor: Ferdinand Lammertink
  • Patent number: 5529301
    Abstract: A slide puzzle comprises a frame forming a rectangular playing surface on which a plurality of rectangular pieces are slidably arranged. The pieces collectively occupy less than the entire area of the playing surface, so that a free space exists to enable the pieces to be shifted. In that way, an indicia (e.g., a picture) carried by the pieces can be completed. In order to positively prevent the pieces from moving, a releasable closing member is provided, e.g., in the form of a filler piece that can be inserted into the free space, or a locking pin insertable through the frame and at least some of the pieces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 25, 1996
    Assignee: Klaus Langenbach
    Inventor: Erhard Feller
  • Patent number: 5452895
    Abstract: A spherical puzzle that consists of eight five-sided pieces and thirty six-sided pieces which are connected by means of a locking rail system that allows all of the pieces to be shiftable around the three equatorial planes of the puzzle. This allows various color patterns to be placed on the surface of the sphere which can be scrambled and then rearranged in predetermined patterns. Also, the puzzle is hollow and can be opened if the pieces are arranged in the correct order.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 26, 1995
    Inventor: Donald W. Ray
  • Patent number: 5451055
    Abstract: A tower puzzle toy including a central shaft, a top cap and a bottom cap respectively fastened to the central shaft at two opposite ends, a plurality of rotary decks revolvably mounted around the central shaft and defining a plurality of radial ball chambers, a top packing ring and a bottom packing ring respectively mounted around the central shaft and retained between the central shaft and either cap, and at least one ball for insertion through a ball inlet on either cap through a through hole on either packing ring into either ball chamber, wherein the at least one ball is moved from one ball chamber to another and from one rotary deck to another by turning the rotary decks around the central shaft relative to one another and/or turning the tower puzzle toy upside down.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 19, 1995
    Inventor: Wei W. Lo