Material Dispensing Or Burning Upon Projectile Impact Patents (Class 273/363)
  • Patent number: 10436555
    Abstract: An improved shooting target having a printed front face sheet mounted to a core sheet which has an integral cutout area positioned directly behind the aim point of the printed target face. Dye-filled packets positioned within the cutout area are held in place with the glue of an adhesive faced backer sheet which covers the back side of the cutout area of the core sheet and is held in place by adhering to the back face of the core sheet. The result is an improved target having the qualities of providing the marksman or recreational shooter with immediate enhanced visual identification as to the impact area of their shot as the projectile bursts a dye packet leaving a colorful or contrasting mark on the printed target face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Inventor: Thomas Rye Haugan
  • Patent number: 9939230
    Abstract: A teaching device for training shooters to choose the best place to shoot a clay target is provided, whereby the teaching device greatly simplifies the decision making process and increases the students' awareness of target lines, directions and break zones. The teaching device may include a plurality of pointers rotatably connected to a clock face by a pivot fastener. The teaching device may include a target holder centrally disposed along the clock face, wherein the target holder is understood to represent a clay target. The plurality of pointers may independently rotate relative to each other so that each pointer may be positioned at a different relationship to the target holder so as to physically represent different choices, predictions and outcomes regarding the targeting thereof, including chosen target lines, predicted break lines and the outcomes of their chosen target lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Inventors: John Higgins, Rhonda Young
  • Publication number: 20110285088
    Abstract: A pyrotechnic cassette contains a pyrotechnic, it can be shipped separate from a primer, then placed in a rigid housing, together with the primer so as to form a pyrotechnic clay pigeon, or the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Inventor: Richard Gregg
  • Patent number: 7658663
    Abstract: Toys and toy components are formed of a conductive loaded resin-based material. The conductive loaded resin-based material comprises micron conductive powder(s), conductive fiber(s), or a combination of conductive powder and conductive fibers in a base resin host. The percentage by weight of the conductive powder(s), conductive fiber(s), or a combination thereof is between about 20% and 50% of the weight of the conductive loaded resin-based material. The micron conductive powders are metals or conductive non-metals or metal plated non-metals. The micron conductive fibers may be metal fiber or metal plated fiber. Further, the metal plated fiber may be formed by plating metal onto a metal fiber or by plating metal onto a non-metal fiber. Any platable fiber may be used as the core for a non-metal fiber. Superconductor metals may also be used as micron conductive fibers and/or as metal plating onto fibers in the present invention.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Integral Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas Aisenbrey
  • Publication number: 20020125643
    Abstract: A biodegradable target (10) for sports-shooters comprising a body (12) defining an internal cavity (22), and a display material (34) is contained within the cavity (22) wherein the display material (34) expands upon breakage of the body (12) by a projectile (24), such as a bullet, to give visual confirmation that the projectile (24) has hit the body (12). The target (10) is made by molding body segments which are configured to cooperatively define an internal cavity (22) when joined, adding a display material (34) to at least one of the body segments and joining the body segments to form the target (10).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2001
    Publication date: September 12, 2002
    Inventor: Mark Sullivan
  • Patent number: 6428007
    Abstract: A shooting activity and a clay target which can be formed without pitch for use in such activity is provided. The activity involves shooting shot at the target and breaking targets hit by the shot. The target can be formed with a binder and filler and cast into a strong yet brittle state. Targets in accordance with the invention should be substantially pitch free and have a high LD 50 toxicity level as well as high frangibility. This can be accomplished in accordance with the invention by forming the targets with high internal stresses such as are formed by forming targets in unstable crystal states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2002
    Assignee: Reagent Chemical & Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Skeuse, Rupert Spencer
  • Patent number: 6394457
    Abstract: A shooting activity and a clay target which can be formed without pitch for use in such activity is provided. The activity involves shooting shot at the target and breaking targets hit by the shot. The target can be formed with a binder and filler and cast into a strong yet brittle state. Targets in accordance with the invention should be substantially pitch free and have a high LD 50 toxicity level as well as high frangibility. This can be accomplished in accordance with the invention by forming the targets with high internal stresses such as are formed by forming targets in unstable crystal states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2002
    Assignee: Reagent Chemical & Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Rupert Spencer, Brian Skeuse
  • Patent number: 6257582
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing target objects for sport practice shooting and sport shooting competitions, wherein clay and/or rock flour as a base material is mixed with a bonding agent and other additives for manufacturing a preliminary product which is subsequently shaped into the target object, whereby the mix comprises 30-70 weight percent base material, 10-40 weight percent gypsum, 10-20 weight percent grain flour, sufficient water and further liquid and/or semi-liquid additives resulting in a pasty mix which is formed by extruding and subsequent drying to a preliminary product or to the finished target object.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2001
    Inventors: Dagmar Gaese, Ehrhard Schilling, Klaus Wödy
  • Patent number: 5967521
    Abstract: The present invention is an environmentally safe composition of a non-toxic, edible, biodegradable skeet that is used for trap shooting. The skeet of the present invention is designed in such a way that it can be stacked, and to withstand the throwing force of the trap. The skeet is fabricated from a mixture of a binder, water and a filler. The binder is egg, the filler is an edible substance, such as bird seed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 19, 1999
    Inventor: Deborah Hellings
  • Patent number: 5947475
    Abstract: A shooting activity and a clay target which can be formed without pitch for use in such activity is provided. The activity involves shooting shot at the target and breaking targets hit by the shot. The target can be formed with a binder and filler and cast into a strong yet brittle state. Targets in accordance with the invention should be substantially pitch free and have a high LD 50 toxicity level as well as high frangibility. This can be accomplished in accordance with the invention by forming the targets with high internal stresses such as are formed by forming targets in unstable crystal states.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Reagent Chemical & Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Skeuse, Rupert Spencer
  • Patent number: 5915694
    Abstract: An aerial decoy comprising a fuselage having forward and aft ends. Disposed within the fuselage are a plurality of decoy discs. Rotatably connected to the forward end of the fuselage is a ram air turbine which is cooperatively engaged to the decoy discs such that the rotation of the ram air turbine facilitates the dispensation of the decoy discs from the aft end of the fuselage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 29, 1999
    Inventor: Roger D. Brum
  • Patent number: 5837645
    Abstract: This invention relates to novel compositions containing temporary visual indicators and methods for using these compositions. Specifically, this invention relates to a sunscreen composition containing an indicator that is visible when the substance is applied to the skin, but becomes invisible shortly after application. The continued presence of the indicator allows the indicator to be reactivated temporarily to the visible form so that a user can verify the presence of the sunscreen. The visible indicator ensures that the sunscreen is applied evenly and completely to the area to be protected, but becomes invisible so as not to interfere with the action of the sunscreen or discolor the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 17, 1998
    Inventors: Ronnie S. Fuerst, Richard Melker, Christopher D. Batich
  • Patent number: 5788243
    Abstract: A biodegradable target for use in skeet/trap shooting environment comprises a cellulose wood flour of at least fifty percent (50%) of the weight of the target which is combined with water so as to form a malleable mass. Added to the mass are selected items, preferably one and one-half to five percent by weight, such as a surfactant, to facilitate the mixture of the wood flour and other elements, an organic binder to hold the elements together and a release agent to allow for release of the formed target from the mold after heating. Control agents to either hasten or retard the drying of the mixture after the heating step can be used. A brittle agent is added to the malleable mass so that the target will break apart upon impact with gun shot or the ground. A moisture repellant coating can be in the form of a resin-like shell which covers the outside of the target with slight penetration thereon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1998
    Inventors: Bob F. Harshaw, John E. Pollock
  • Patent number: 5651550
    Abstract: A biodegradable edible target is provided which is mainly composed of a plant which is an edible ground forage for an animal, or a portion or derivative of the plant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Brainstorm Associates, LLC
    Inventors: Blaise M. LaVorgna, Farron Eisemann
  • Patent number: 5575479
    Abstract: A projectile impact indicating target for sport shooting includes a frame, a projectile impact sensor mounted on the frame for sensing projectile impact, and an impact indicator releasably restrained by the projectile impact sensor for indicating projectile impact with the target.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Nu-Tech & Engineering, Inc.
    Inventor: John A. Ayres
  • Patent number: 5532029
    Abstract: This invention relates to novel compositions containing temporary visual indicators and methods for using these compositions. Specifically, this invention relates to a sunscreen composition containing an indicator that is visible when the substance is applied to the skin, but becomes invisible shortly after application. The continued presence of the indicator allows the indicator to be reactivated temporarily to the visible form so that a user can verify the presence of the sunscreen. The visible indicator ensures that the sunscreen is applied evenly and completely to the area to be protected, but becomes invisible so as not to interfere with the action of the sunscreen or discolor the skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1996
    Inventors: Ronnie S. Fuerst, Richard Melker, Christopher D. Batich
  • Patent number: 5467998
    Abstract: The present invention provides for an environmentally safe composition of a non-toxic, edible, biodegradable skeet that is used for trap shooting. The skeet of the present invention is designed in such a way that it can be stackable as well as being able to withstand the throwing force of the trap. The skeet is fabricated from a mixture of flour, water, and another edible granular element, such as birdseed. This substance is placed in a mold and is baked to harden. The resulting skeet is one which is easily breakable by a shotgun blasts as well as strong enough to withstand the throwing force of the trap. The design and shape of the skeet of the present invention is such that it possesses an aerodynamic structure which permits the target (skeet) to be projected with considerable speed into the air by the trap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Inventor: Deborah Hellings
  • Patent number: 5397132
    Abstract: A target for shooting is provided of a substantially circular formation, having an inner body portion formed of a gypsum composition, with an outer coating or skin. The target has a medial portion which extends into an outwardly and downwardly curving side skirt. One or more raised portions are provided on an outer surface of the skirt, at least one raised portion being positioned on an upper portion of the skirt, at or adjacent an area where said skirt is of a lesser or reduced thickness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1995
    Assignee: Riteflite Pty Limited A.C.N.
    Inventor: Walter L. Maryska
  • Patent number: 5389142
    Abstract: The improved method of making a frangible, biodegradable clay target includes forming a plastic mixture by uniformly blending together clay, water and binder wherein the binder consists of about 1-2 percent of sodium silicate and about 0-1 percent of dextrin, by weight of the mixture, the total concentration of binder not exceeding about 2 percent, by weight of the mixture. The water is present in a concentration not in excess of 10 percent, by weight of the mixture and clay forms the remainder of the mixture. The mixture is charged into a forming press and hot pressed and dried at about 300.degree.-400.degree. F. to a finished, non-fired greenware frangible, biodegradable clay target. The improved composition is as set forth above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Inventor: Patrick T. Moore
  • Patent number: 5316313
    Abstract: The present clay target is inverted cup-shaped with a central dome and depending annular rim. The central portion of the dome may be horizontal and preferably bears a plurality of plant seeds and plant fertilizer pellets embedded therein to improve the environment. The target is of clay containing up to about 2 weight % of biodegradable binder which is sodium silicate with or without dextrin. The target is a greenware body which is dried to a low water content of less than about 2 weight % but is unfired. It is thin enough to be frangible and fragments into small pieces when hit by a shotgun pellet. For this purpose, a preferred embodiment includes spaced radiating grooves in the upper and lower surfaces of the dome, preferably offset from one another, and a number of moon-shaped depressions in the inner surface of the rim.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1994
    Inventor: Patrick T. Moore
  • Patent number: 5280918
    Abstract: A beacon target comprises an ignition device and a gas supply device received in a case body, and a movable target mounted outside the case body. The front portion of the case body is separated as a gas chamber and its leading end having a transparent panel for displaying gas explosion effect within the gas chamber. The rear portion of the case body is a room for receiving each of said devices. When the movable target is hit by a bullet, the bottom end of the target will press down both micromotion switches and simultaneously actuate the ignition device and gas supply device. The gas chamber at the leading end of the case body is filled with fuel gas which is triggered by the ignition device to accomplish intensive sound and lighting effect of explosion at a twinkling eye and a kind of beacon target with shaking result is accomplished thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 25, 1994
    Inventor: Jenn-Jia Wu
  • Patent number: 5181724
    Abstract: The invention relates to a wing shooting target made up of an internally empty body, subdivided into two half-portions (1, 2) integrally coupled to each other at the time of shooting, endowed with at least two radial vanes (3) and realized in a light material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 26, 1993
    Inventor: Vittorio Spadoni
  • Patent number: 5174581
    Abstract: The instant invention is provides a biodegradable and edible clay pigeon. The pigeon is constructed in such a way to be stackable as well as to withstand the throwing force of the trap. A composition of sugar, birdseed and water is poured into a skeet mold and then dried. The resulting pigeon has been found to have a fragile structure which is both easily breakable by a shotgun blast as well as strong enough to withstand the throwing force of the trap. The pigeon is molded in such a manner to have an aerodynamic structure which permits the target to be projected with considerable speed into the air by the trap.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1992
    Inventor: Deborah A. Goodson
  • Patent number: 4976440
    Abstract: A game or prize dispensing apparatus and method which transfers prizes or objects from a lower position in the machine to an upper position of the machine, releasing the prizes and allowing them to freefall. The player attempts to strike or grab the falling prize by actuating a mechanism at the appropriate time. A successfully struck or grabbed prize may then be dispensed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 11, 1990
    Inventor: William B. Faith
  • Patent number: 4961585
    Abstract: A flying target is provided which utilizes a conventional target disc made of a material which is readily broken when struck in flight by pellets, a marker assembly for marking the location where the target disc is broken and a retainer assembly for securing the marker assembly to the target disc until the target is broken by one or more pellets. The marker assembly includes a marker disc to which two ribbons are attached, each ribbon being provided with a weight and one of the ribbons having a second weight attached to it by a string. The folded ribbons are held between the target disc and marker disc, which is held to the target disc by the retainer assembly. The retainer assembly includes a film which covers the marker disc and is attached to the target disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1989
    Date of Patent: October 9, 1990
    Inventor: Joe T. Crawford
  • Patent number: 4802676
    Abstract: A target or clay pigeon may comprise a stopper for hermetically sealing an outlet hole. The stopper may automatically or non-automatically open the outlet hole. In one embodiment, the outlet hole (91) is hermetically sealed by a film (92) with a thread integrated with this stopper, the free extremity of which departs from the film (92) and is connected to a weight (94). With the rotation of the clay pigeon or target, the weight (94) pulls on the wire and tears the stopper, thus freeing the colored material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 1986
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1989
    Assignee: Cibles Descos S.A.R.L.
    Inventors: Rene Descos, Jean-Claude Laporte
  • Patent number: 4695059
    Abstract: A hit indicating system in an aerial firing practice target to be towed comprises parallel connected resistance circuits the combined resistance of which is varied when any of the circuits is cut by a bullet, and this variation activates an ignition control unit comprising a differentiation circuit, a logic circuit, an output circuit, and optionally, a waveform shaping circuit, to transmit signals causing signal tubes to operate in sequence to emit flares or smoke preferably of significantly different hues indicating sequential hits to enable visual observation from aircraft at relatively remote positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 1984
    Date of Patent: September 22, 1987
    Assignee: Fuji Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masatoshi Yamashita, Norio Tsunoda
  • Patent number: 4688804
    Abstract: The apparatus comprises an upstanding target structure defining one or more scoring zones and a launcher for launching clay pigeons across the scoring zone or zones. Clay pigeons are launched from a trench and a shooter occupying a cabin scores by hitting a clay pigeon while it is within one of the scoring zones, as viewed, for instance, from a location adjacent to the shooter. The game lends itself to television coverage and a method of televising or recording the game is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1984
    Date of Patent: August 25, 1987
    Assignee: Maxwell Shooting Enterprises Limited
    Inventor: David H. S. Maxwell
  • Patent number: 4684137
    Abstract: A weapon for use in simulated war games, such weapon being particularly usable in situations where targets or opposing pesonnel are out of a direct line of sight or where weapon use in a conventional manner would be otherwise dangerous and should be avoided. Such weapon includes a frangible chamber and a slurry contained within such chamber. The slurry contains a dispersing agent and a plurality of particles serving as a marking agent. Further, a storage container is provided for receiving the slurry-containing frangible chamber to protect the chamber from accidental rupture. In use, the slurry-containing chamber is removed from the container and delivered toward the target by being manually tossed in an arcuate path to strike a target or the vicinity thereof. On striking such target, or its vicinity, the frangible chamber ruptures and the dispersing agent disperses the marking particles against such target thereby identifying the target as being eliminated from the game.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1985
    Date of Patent: August 4, 1987
    Inventors: Leon N. Armer, Jr., Joseph M. Antonio, Craig A. Roth, James R. VerWeire
  • Patent number: 4443014
    Abstract: A device adaptable to inexpensive models to operate either in a mode of being attacked or an attack mode that permits sequential shooting of energy within a predetermined angle profile and, within range limits, the receipt of such energy whereupon visual indication of a successful attack can be indicated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1984
    Inventors: Bernard Kovit, Richard G. Koenig, Robert W. Kress
  • Patent number: 4433842
    Abstract: An improved target pigeon for simulating the erratic and unpredictable flight of a flushed bird for target shooting which includes a wing member and a detachable cap member. The wing member is provided with blanked out tabs and the cap member is dome shaped and formed of relative thin material wherein the spacing between tabs and the outer diameter of the cap member is such that the cap member is maintained to the wing member under compression and which cap member is provided with a notched flange portion for accommodating the tabs to prohibit relative rotation therebetween and resulting spin off during a launching operation; and which cap member is rendered readily detachable upon a hit when shot at.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1981
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1984
    Inventor: Millo Bertini
  • Patent number: 4385767
    Abstract: A three-dimensional movable gunnery target comprises an envelope of flexible material such as rubber, neoprene, plastics material or fabric, which is rapidly dilatable to a predetermined shape, for example by internal gas pressure from a chemical or pyrotechnic device, or from a compressed gas bottle. The target, which is capable of rolling under the action of wind or gravity, encloses an axle from which a compressed gas bottle is suspended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 1980
    Date of Patent: May 31, 1983
    Assignee: Easams Limited
    Inventor: Robert Colbourne
  • Patent number: 4352496
    Abstract: A target pigeon has a base part comprising a generally flat web formed at a web axis with a central throughgoing hole and having a pair of diametrically opposite ends on which are mounted diametrically opposite vanes that are tipped propeller-fashion to each other. A pair of diametrically opposite holding tabs are provided on the ends of the webs and directed generally axially and tipped inwardly toward each other. The entire web has a relatively great mass, normally in excess of 40 g. A cup-shaped witness cap having a relatively small mass in the neighborhood of approximately 4 g. has an axially directed and substantially circular annular rim that is centered on the cap axis and is formed with a pair of diametrically opposite lips in turn each formed with an outwardly open notch. This rim is engageable with the ends of the web inwardly of the tabs with the tabs fitting in the notches. Arcuate sections of the cap are exposed to either sides of the relatively narrow ringless web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 1980
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1982
    Inventor: Ludovico Lanti-Montefeltro Della Rovere
  • Patent number: 4335882
    Abstract: A target pigeon has a generally flat web formed entirely of sheet metal with a central throughgoing hole at a web axis and having a pair of diametrically opposite web ends from each of which extends a sheet-metal vane which is tipped propeller-fashion relative to the other vane. In addition each of the web ends has a respective substantially straight, axially projecting, and outwardly tipped sheet-metal tab of V-section. A cup-shaped witness cap entirely of sheet metal is fittable to this web and has a circular rim centered on a cap axis and having a pair of diametrically opposite and radially outwardly extending lips each of which is formed with a respective throughgoing aperture through which the tabs project to hold the cap releasably in place on the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 1979
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1982
    Inventor: Ludovico L. Della Rovere
  • Patent number: 4243228
    Abstract: A remotely-perceptible, impact-indicating target for a projectile, such as a bullet or the like, constructed so as to remotely perceptibly indicate, to a target shooter at a projectile shooting location, the impact of a shot or fired projectile or bullet on a remotely located target in a manner clearly visibly perceptibly indicating not only the hit, but the impact location of the projectile or bullet on the target, by causing the effective expansion in an explosion-simulating manner of a quantity of visibly perceptible target material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 1978
    Date of Patent: January 6, 1981
    Inventor: Joseph Marcella