Abstract: A control apparatus using variations in conduction angle as control command, wherein a conduction angle modulation module of a traditional leading edge cutoff dimmer is arranged in parallel with a resistance module, so as to enlarge the minimum conduction angle of the leading edge dimmer. The modulation range of the conduction angle of the conduction angle modulation module may be set to a smaller range, so that the modulation range of the resistance module will not be uncertain due to different setting values of the variable resistance, whereby the circuit at load end can be identified readily and function mode switching facilitated to achieve the effect of multiplexing control.
Abstract: A circuit arrangement (1) for driving an electrical load (13) comprises a first and a second terminal (2, 3) for feeding a first and a second control signal (S1, S2), a first output (23), to which an electrical load (13) can be coupled, a current source (9), which is coupled to the first output (23), and a control device (5). The control device is coupled to the first and the second terminal (2, 3) and comprises a programming circuit (6) and a trigger circuit (7), which are each coupled on the output side to a control input of the current source (9).
Abstract: A circuit for driving a cathode ray tube (CRT) with frequency compensation. Specifically, the present invention discloses a CRT driver circuit comprising a cascode gain stage for amplifying an input voltage. A cascode push-pull output stage generates a video output signal from the input voltage at an output node. The video output signal drives a coupled CRT and corresponding CRT cathode. A biasing node within the push-pull output stage has a biasing voltage that is always higher than the output voltage of the video output signal. Electrodes of a vertical-integrated PNP transistor are adaptively coupled to the biasing node, output node, and the cascode gain stage to provide two parallel feedback paths for frequency compensation without any cathode current leakage. As such, a current detection circuit accurately measures cathode current from a CRT that is driven by the CRT driver circuit.
Abstract: A circuit for driving a cathode ray tube (CRT) with cathode current detection. Specifically, the present invention discloses a CRT driver circuit comprising a push-pull configuration comprising upper and lower stages of darlington paired transistors. In the lower stage, a lower prestage circuit generates a video output signal in response to a video input signal that is amplified to drive a cathode electrode of a coupled CRT. In the upper stage, an upper prestage circuit of transistors drives a voltage divider for splitting a high voltage supply between the transistors in the lower prestage circuit. In both the upper and lower stages of darlington paired transistors, upper and lower output stages of transistors are electrically active only during transient periods of the video input signal. As such, a cathode current from a static test signal can be measured from an output through the lower prestage circuit.
Abstract: A series arrangement of an isolating diode and an East-West switching transistor is coupled between a flyback transformer primary winding and a horizontal deflection output transistor circuit to control retrace energy to obtain an East-West modulation of the deflection current amplitude. A first inductor, a tapped inductor and an S-shaping capacitor are coupled via a switch to form a resonant circuit, during the first half of trace. The tapped inductor includes a portion forming a current path for a deflection current. The tapped inductor develops a voltage that controls the switch. The first inductor, the tapped inductor and the S-shaping capacitor are coupled via the switch to form the trace resonant circuit, during the first half of trace. The trace resonant circuit provides inside pincushion raster distortion correction.
Abstract: A container apparatus having a label for grasping the container to which it is attached includes a receiving surface and a label partially affixed to the container. The label includes a first portion of filmic material affixed to the receiving surface for displaying printed matter and a second portion of filmic material extending outward from the receiving surface, the second portion of filmic material having two back-to-back layers forming a handle of sufficient length to allow grasping thereof with one's fingers. The label-handle further includes an apparatus for affixing a label to a container in a fashion whereby the label forms a handle for grasping the container.
Abstract: A horizontal deflection circuit is provided which is useful in a television receiver and a video apparatus using a cathode ray tube, and which generates a deflection current for horizontally deflecting electron beams by changing a magnetic field applied to the cathode ray tube, and in which a resonance circuit using LC parts is not employed, and the vertical line distortion correction and the control of the horizontal deflection current in the multiscan are conducted by changing the duty ratios of switch elements, thereby simplifying the circuit configuration, and reducing the cost and the loss.
December 15, 1994
Date of Patent:
August 27, 1996
Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Abstract: There is provided a sine wave deflecting circuit having a resonance circuit comprising a deflecting coil and a resonance capacitor and a circuit for detecting a signal waveform of the resonance circuit and for driving the resonance circuit on the basis of the detection signal, in which the deflecting coil is sine-wave driven by the self-oscillation. A rectangular wave driving circuit which is constructed by connecting first and second switching elements such as FETs through a capacitor is provided at one end of the deflecting coil.
Abstract: In a dual direction horizontal bi-directional scan circuit, deterioration of the picture quality is prevented, while linearity is improved without supplying wasteful deflecting current, and pin distortion is corrected. The deflecting current in the going scan and in the returning scan are supplied to each deflecting coil by first and second resonance circuits, and capacitors substantially the same in capacitance are provided in the first and second resonance circuits to bias the deflecting voltage so that the terminal voltage and the power source voltage of the capacitors are synchronized to the vertical synchronizing signals to produce a parabolic modulation.
May 21, 1993
Date of Patent:
September 20, 1994
Junzo Watanabe, Akihiro Ueyama, Ban Kawamura
Abstract: A vertical amplifier apparatus with a beam-finding function for an oscilloscope including an analog multiplier and a gain control circuit. The analog multiplier multiplies an input signal to the vertical amplifier by a gain control signal. The gain control circuit outputs a DC voltage as the gain control signal. In a beam-finding mode, the gain control circuit supplies the analog multiplier with the gain control signal whose absolute value is much smaller than that of the gain control signal in a normal mode. This makes is possible to obviate a dedicated beam-finder circuit. In a multi-channel oscilloscope, the beam-finding operation can be performed independently for each channel.
Abstract: A deflection current from a vertical deflection output circuit is supplied to a series circuit of a vertical deflection coil and a capacitor. A pair of transistors are coupled to a DC voltage source in a complementary arrangement. The bases of these transistors are coupled to a slidable end of a variable resistor coupled to the DC voltage source, respectively through constant voltage elements, which are coupled to each other in the opposite directions. The node of these two transistors is coupled to the node of the deflection coil and the capacitor. As the position of the slidable end of the variable resistor is moved away from the center, one transistor of the pair becomes conductive. With this arrangement, a deflection current free of ripple components can be supplied to the deflection coil in order to adjust the vertical position of an image on the screen of a CRT.
Abstract: A cathode ray beam deflection system operable in slew and random stroke and periodic raster display modes provides automatic power supply voltage switching to maintain linear operation and high efficiency. Control of automatic switching is obtained by continuously monitoring yoke voltage, yoke current, and deflection voltage, a power supply voltage being switched to a voltage of higher magnitude to provide a higher deflection rate when the yoke voltage exceeds a predetermined level at a predetermined current polarity and returned to a power supply voltage of lower magnitude when the higher deflection rate is no longer required.
Abstract: A deflection drive circuit (15) for an inductive yoke (11) used with a raster scanned cathode ray tube rapidly interrupts current then reverses voltage applied to the yoke (11) during flyback. MOSFETs (Q32, Q47) are used to control current flow to the yoke. The current is interrupted by one MOSFET (Q32) being gated "OFF", after which current is permitted to flow to a capacitor (C51). At a preselected time, a second MOSFET (Q47) is gated on to admit reverse flow of current from the capacitor (C51) to the yoke (11). The second MOSFET (Q47) is gated "ON" by a circuit which includes a third MOSFET (Q57) and a pulse transformer (T59).Advantages include an ability to rapidly effect flyback without interfering with the forward scanning ability of the deflection drive circuit 15.
Abstract: A line scanning circuit for an electrostatically deflected cathode ray tube uses two integrator circuits having single transistor amplifiers for complementary conductivity types with capacitive feedback to provide balanced sawtooth drive waveforms. The charges on the capacitors are reset by pulses at line frequency and the forward sweeps of the sawteeth are produced by current flowing from the input of one integrator to the input of the other integrator. A variable resistor in the current path provides width control and a transistor connected in series with the current path enables dynamic adjustment of the scan to be provided to suit the scanning characteristics of a flat cathode ray tube. A signal from the field scanning circuit during flyback is applied to turn off the transistor in the current path so that the spot is returned during field flyback up one side of the screen.
Abstract: A primary winding of a power transformer is coupled to a source of DC voltage. First and second controllable switches are coupled to the primary winding in a push-pull arrangement. A control circuit responsive to a deflection rate input signal that is synchronized with deflection circuit scanning applies a turn-off switching signal alternately to the two controllable switches during each deflection cycle. In response to the turnoff of each one of the two controllable switches, a turn-on switching signal is applied to the other switch to develop a deflection rate alternating polarity output voltage across an output winding of the power transformer. The output voltage is rectified and applied to a deflection generator to thereby energize the generator into developing scanning current in a deflection winding.
Abstract: A drive circuit for an electrostatic deflection type cathode-ray tube where the drive circuit includes an amplifier and a load. At least one diode is connected between the output of the amplifier and the load and at least one push-pull emitter follower circuit is provided, the bases of whose transistors are connected to opposite terminals of the diode, the cathode-ray tube being deflected by the output of the push-pull emitter follower circuit.
Abstract: A vertical amplifier provides a deflection or yoke current independent of the yoke impedance or other impedances in the yoke current path. The amplifier comprises a general-purpose operatonal amplifier that develops an output voltage in a manner that maintains identical voltages at its inverting and non-inverting inputs. A feedback resistance is connected in the yoke current path, thereby developing a voltage indicative of the yoke current. As a result, the yoke current waveform can be made identical to or a desired variation of a current commanding voltage waveform applied to the non-inverting input. A particular variation of the feedback resistance transforms an S-shaped current waveform into a sawtooth voltage waveform, thereby providing the desired deflection linearity.
Abstract: A vertical deflection output circuitry for a television receiver wherein two transistors are connected in single ended and push-pull relation, and the output junction point of the two transistors is connected, to a D.C. power source for supplying a higher voltage than that of a power source for the vertical deflection output circuitry, through a switch which is turned off during the vertical scan period and turned on during the vertical retrace period.
Abstract: A deflection circuit for a television receiver is made more suitable for single chip integrated circuit construction by utilizing a switching means connected between a part of the transistor amplifier used to amplify a saw-tooth wave form and a power source. This permits a part of the energy stored in the deflection coil to be released through the amplifier during retrace intervals.