Abstract: A resonant circuit includes: a capacitor of which a capacitance is variable; and an acoustic wave resonator to which the capacitor is connected in series and/or in parallel, a capacitance of the acoustic wave resonator being to be changed so that a change in input impedance and/or output impedance is reduced when the capacitance of the capacitor is changed.
Abstract: Described herein are systems and methods for performing a surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) to the surface of a variety of materials including thin films, nanomaterials, and other delicate and brittle materials. In an aspect, a surface of a material is modified to a modified surface and from an original state to a modified state, wherein the modified state comprises a physical modification, a chemical modification, or a biological modification. In another aspect, a surface mechanical attrition treatment (SMAT) is applied to the modified surface of the material for a defined duration of time, wherein a condition associated with the SMAT is adjusted based on a structural composition of the material. In yet another aspect, a defined strain is imposed on the structural composition of the material based on the SMAT.
February 26, 2015
Date of Patent:
November 7, 2017
CITY UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG
Christohper Michael Lee, Yang Yang Li, Jian Lu
Abstract: A photoconductive switch is formed of a substrate that has a central portion of SiC or other photoconductive material and an outer portion of cvd-diamond or other suitable material surrounding the central portion. Conducting electrodes are formed on opposed sides of the substrate, with the electrodes extending beyond the central portion and the edges of the electrodes lying over the outer portion. Thus any high electric fields produced at the edges of the electrodes lie outside of and do not affect the central portion, which is the active switching element. Light is transmitted through the outer portion to the central portion to actuate the switch.
October 7, 2013
Date of Patent:
October 27, 2015
Lawrence Livermore National Security, LLC