Abstract: A phase lock for a synthesizer phase reference oscillator that is used in conjunction with a conventional DDS circuit to synthesize an RF output frequency includes a second DDS circuit that is added with a reference increment value as an input to provide a phase offset frequency. A frequency/phase comparator compares a frequency reference oscillator output with the phase offset frequency to generate a control signal for phase locking the phase reference oscillator to the frequency reference oscillator. To determine the correct value for the reference increment value, a switch is provided between the frequency/phase comparator and the phase reference oscillator and the control signal is input to an analog-to-digital converter. During a “turn on” procedure the resulting digitized control signal is observed by a control system as the reference increment value is adjusted until a slow ramp, positive or negative, in the control signal is observed.
Abstract: Disclosed is an oscillator circuit (1A) for use in a local oscillator of an RF communications device (100) that communicates over an RF channel. The oscillator circuit includes an oscillator circuit portion (2) and a bias circuit portion (3) coupled to the oscillator circuit portion for setting the operating point of the oscillator transistors. The oscillator circuit further includes a switch (6) for selectively one of connecting or disconnecting the bias circuit portion from the oscillator circuit portion, and a capacitance (5) for storing an output of the bias circuit portion during a time that the switch disconnects the bias circuit portion from the oscillator circuit portion, thereby maintaining control of the operating point of the oscillator transistors of the oscillator circuit portion. When the switch is open any noise generated by the biasing circuit portion is prevented from reaching the oscillator circuit portion, thereby reducing the overall noise floor of the oscillator circuit.
Abstract: A precision oven-controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO) uses an adjustment feedback signal that, when mixed with a reference signal from a stable reference oscillator, accurately controls the generation of an output signal from a voltage controlled crystal oscillator (VCXO). An OCXO according to the invention has high stability and high accuracy. The digital OXCO can be manufactured at low cost, and is particularly beneficial for Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) base station applications in cellular communication networks an the like.
March 17, 2003
September 18, 2003
John C. Ho, Charles Stone, Thomas McClelland