Nonlinearity Reduction Or Compensation Patents (Class 332/124)
  • Patent number: 9521027
    Abstract: A method for generating a set of symbols, called AGC symbols, for the automatic control of the amplitude of a signal to be transmitted, the signal including the set of AGC symbols and at least one first information symbol modulated with a linear modulation, includes the following steps: recovering at least one modulated information symbol adjacent to the AGC symbols in the signal; and determining each AGC symbol of the set as a function of at least the modulated information symbol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2016
    Assignee: Thales
    Inventor: Fran├žois Baptiste
  • Patent number: 8351493
    Abstract: A folding adaptive equalizer is provided. The equalizer comprises an equalizer core and an automatic gain control loop. The equalizing transfer function of the equalizer core is modulated by one or more gain control signals generated by the automatic gain control loop and by a folding signal generated by the automatic gain control loop. When the folding signal is inactive, an increase in the gain control signals produces an increase in the high-frequency, high-bandwidth gain of the transfer function of the equalizer core. When the folding signal is active, further gain can be applied by decreasing the gain control signals, which produces a frequency-shift in the transfer function of the equalizer core toward lower bandwidth and an increase in the high-frequency, low-bandwidth gain of the transfer function of the equalizer core.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2013
    Assignee: Gennum Corporation
    Inventors: Hossein Shakiba, Mansour Shashaani
  • Patent number: 8169271
    Abstract: With some embodiments, a VCO (voltage controlled oscillator) operates at an integer multiple (N) above a desired transmission frequency. In accordance with one embodiment, a chip is provided with a VCO to generate a signal and a frequency dividing circuit to provide a reduced frequency version of the signal to a transmit mixer. The transmit mixer is followed by a power amplifier that is on the same die as the VCO. The power amplifier is to generate an OFDM output transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 6, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2012
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Pankaj Goyal, Christopher Hull
  • Patent number: 8143955
    Abstract: Oscillator circuit for radio frequency transceivers. An oscillator circuit includes a first oscillator that generates a signal having a first frequency and a second oscillator that generates a signal having a second frequency. The oscillator circuit includes a mixer that is responsive to the signal having the first frequency and the signal having the second frequency to provide a signal having a third frequency and one or more frequency components. The oscillator circuit includes a filter that is responsive to the signal from the mixer to attenuate the one or more frequency components and provide a signal having a desired frequency. The oscillator circuit includes a correction circuit to correct a drift in at least one of the first frequency and the second frequency by controlling the second frequency, thereby correcting the drift in the third frequency and the desired frequency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Gireesh Rajendran, Debapriya Sahu, Alok Prakash Joshi, Ashish Lachhwani
  • Patent number: 8076988
    Abstract: Circuitry and methods are provided. Voltage and current of an electrical load are detected, scaled and biased to derive respective voltage and current signals. Frequency-modulated signals corresponding to the voltage and current signals are respectively derived. The frequency-modulated signals are communicated between different electrical domains by way of optical isolation barriers. The frequency-modulated signals are processed to improve linearity and to time-correlate the signals to discrete samplings of the load voltage and current. Control of a printer or other device is performed using the processed signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventor: David E. Smith
  • Patent number: 7868712
    Abstract: A circuit arrangement for frequency modulation is provided, which includes a voltage-controlled oscillator having at least one varactor diode that is driven by a drive signal, wherein a capacitance of the varactor diode depends on the drive signal, includes a modulating unit that creates a modulation signal for frequency modulation of the voltage-controlled oscillator, and includes a drive unit that generates the drive signal for the at least one varactor diode from the modulation signal, wherein the drive unit generates the drive signal from the modulation signal in such a manner that a linear relationship results between the modulation signal and the capacitance of the varactor diode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Atmel Automotive GmbH
    Inventor: Andreas Hanselmann
  • Patent number: 7746957
    Abstract: A distortion correction control apparatus is for compensating for a burst distortion in a transmission amplifier caused by a burst of an input signal of a transmission target. The apparatus includes a holding unit that stores a distortion correction coefficient having reverse characteristics to the burst distortion; a unit that multiplies the distortion correction coefficient read out from the holding unit by the input signal or adds the distortion correction coefficient read out from the holding unit to the input signal, upon reception of burst information notifying of switching between presence and absence of the input signal; and an update unit that updates, based on the input signal, the distortion correction coefficient of the last time, and a signal fed back as an output signal of the transmission amplifier, the distortion correction coefficient by an adaptive algorithm, and that inputs the updated distortion correction coefficient to the holding unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2010
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Hiroyoshi Ishikawa, Kazuo Nagatani, Hajime Hamada, Nobukazu Fudaba, Yuichi Utsunomiya, Yasuyuki Oishi
  • Patent number: 7737800
    Abstract: Provided is a frequency modulation circuit 1 for outputting a highly precise frequency-modulated signal regardless of variation in a characteristic of a VCO 15. A correction value calculation section 17 calculates a correction value Vt2 based on a voltage value (Vtx?Vt1) resulting from subtracting a control voltage Vt1, which is generated by a control voltage generation section 11, from a control voltage Vtx at which a sensitivity of the VCO 15 is maximized. A variable amplifier 18 amplifies the correction value Vt2. An addition section 13 outputs a control voltage Vt3, which results from adding the amplified correction value Vt2 to the control voltage Vt1, to the VCO 15 via a DAC 14.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Akira Kato, Kaoru Ishida
  • Patent number: 7728690
    Abstract: Techniques to compensate for nonlinearity of a tuning function of an oscillator are described. The tuning nonlinearity of the oscillator may be modeled as a disturbance input to the oscillator and may be compensated with an equal but opposite disturbance. In one design, a nonlinearity correction signal to compensate for the tuning nonlinearity may be generated, e.g., based on a phase error signal in a phase-locked loop (PLL) and a scaling factor determined adaptively. The nonlinearity correction signal may compensate for the n-th (e.g., second) order tuning nonlinearity, and an n-th order (e.g., squared) modulating signal may be used to derive the scaling factor and the nonlinearity correction signal. A control signal for the oscillator may be generated based on the nonlinearity correction signal and possibly one or more other signals. The control signal may be applied to the oscillator to adjust the oscillation frequency of the oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: QUALCOMM, Incorporated
    Inventor: Gary John Ballantyne
  • Publication number: 20090295493
    Abstract: A self-calibrating modulator apparatus includes a modulator having a controlled oscillator and an oscillator gain calibration circuit. The oscillator gain calibration circuit includes an oscillator gain coefficient calculator configured to calculate a plurality of frequency dependent oscillator gain coefficients from results of measurements taken at the output of the controlled oscillator in response to a test pattern signal representing a plurality of different reference frequencies. The plurality of frequency dependent gain coefficients determined from the calibration process are stored in a look up table (LUT), where they are made available after the calibration process ends to scale a modulation signal applied to the modulator. By scaling the modulation signal prior to it being applied to the control input of the controlled oscillator, the nonlinear response of the controlled oscillator is countered and the modulation accuracy of the modulator is thereby improved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2008
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Inventors: Wayne S. Lee, Akira Kato, Toru Matsuura
  • Patent number: 7557671
    Abstract: A method of determining a gain nonlinearity receives a phase difference and generates an output frequency based on the received phase difference. The method reconstructs a waveform by using the output frequency. The method preprocesses the phase difference to generate a comparison waveform. The method compares the reconstructed waveform to the comparison waveform and determines a gain nonlinearity based on the comparison between the reconstructed and comparison waveforms. A modulation system includes a voltage controlled oscillator for receiving an input signal based on a phase difference and generating an output frequency. The system further includes a waveform reconstructor and a comparator. The waveform reconstructor is coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator, and is for reconstructing a waveform based on the output frequency. The comparator is coupled to the waveform reconstructor, and is for comparing the output of the waveform reconstructor with the input signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Paul Cheng-Po Liang
  • Publication number: 20080211595
    Abstract: A circuit arrangement for frequency modulation is provided, which includes a voltage-controlled oscillator having at least one varactor diode that is driven by a drive signal, wherein a capacitance of the varactor diode depends on the drive signal, includes a modulating unit that creates a modulation signal for frequency modulation of the voltage-controlled oscillator, and includes a drive unit that generates the drive signal for the at least one varactor diode from the modulation signal, wherein the drive unit generates the drive signal from the modulation signal in such a manner that a linear relationship results between the modulation signal and the capacitance of the varactor diode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2007
    Publication date: September 4, 2008
    Inventor: Andreas HANSELMANN
  • Patent number: 7418058
    Abstract: The present apparatus includes: distortion amount detector which detects the amount of distortion of an output signal of the amplifier; parameter holder; parameter corrector which corrects a parameter held in the parameter holder in such a manner that the distortion amount detected by the distortion amount detector is improved; controller which controls frequency components to be subjected to distortion amount detection that is performed by the distortion amount detector, based on the distortion amounts of a plurality of different frequency components of the output signal of the amplifier and on specification values relating to the distortion amounts. This arrangement makes it possible to set (control) appropriate distortion data measurement point (frequency component to be detected) according to multiple specification values (for example, ACLR specification values) relating to the distortion amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2008
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Hideharu Shako, Yasuhito Funyu, Takeshi Ohba
  • Publication number: 20080191811
    Abstract: A method of determining a gain nonlinearity receives a phase difference and generates an output frequency based on the received phase difference. The method reconstructs a waveform by using the output frequency. The method preprocesses the phase difference to generate a comparison waveform. The method compares the reconstructed waveform to the comparison waveform and determines a gain nonlinearity based on the comparison between the reconstructed and comparison waveforms. A modulation system includes a voltage controlled oscillator for receiving an input signal based on a phase difference and generating an output frequency. The system further includes a waveform reconstructor and a comparator. The waveform reconstructor is coupled to the voltage controlled oscillator, and is for reconstructing a waveform based on the output frequency. The comparator is coupled to the waveform reconstructor, and is for comparing the output of the waveform reconstructor with the input signal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2007
    Publication date: August 14, 2008
    Inventor: Paul Cheng-Po Liang
  • Patent number: 7343139
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device for converting frequencies comprising a local oscillator of fixed frequency and a first mixer with two inputs and an output, a first input receiving the signal to be converted and a second input receiving the signal arising from the local oscillator. It further comprises a second mixer with two inputs and an output, a first input receiving the signal arising from the phase-shifted local oscillator and the second input receiving a dc signal whose value is dependent on the power of the residual spectral component at the output of an adder receiving as input the signals arising from the first and from the second mixer(s) and giving as output a transposed signal. The invention applies in particular in terminals operating in the Ka band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2008
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Dominique Lo Hine Tong, Jean-Luc Robert, Jean-Yves Le Naour
  • Patent number: 7230981
    Abstract: An integrated data jitter generator for the testing of high speed serial interfaces is provided. A transmit timing generator for use in a transmit data path includes a high frequency clock generator such as a phase-locked loop or a delay-locked loop having an input for receiving an oscillator or reference clock input. A clock modulator receives both an existing low frequency modulation signal and a high frequency modulation signal. A high-speed modulated clock signal is generated to enable jitter testing by a downstream-coupled receiver. Fixed frequencies such as 3, 6, 125, 150, 250, 300, 750, or 1500 MHz are used for the high-speed modulation signal, but any high-speed modulation frequency can be used to generate the desired amount of jitter. Likewise, the amplitude of the high frequency modulation signal can also be varied as desired.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2007
    Assignee: STMicroelectronics, Inc.
    Inventor: John P. Hill
  • Patent number: 7155176
    Abstract: A system for synchronizing a portable transceiver to a network is disclosed. Embodiments of the system for synchronizing a portable transceiver to a network include a crystal oscillator, a frequency synthesizer adapted to receive an output of the crystal oscillator, logic coupled to the crystal oscillator, the logic configured to estimate a frequency error of a received signal; and a first control signal supplied from the logic to the frequency synthesizer, the first control signal configured to adjust the frequency synthesizer to compensate for the error.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2006
    Assignee: Skyworks Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: Jaleh Komaili, Darioush Agahi, Ricke W. Clark
  • Patent number: 6970052
    Abstract: A modulation factor is kept immune from the influence of temperature variation. A modulator is provided with an operational amplifier to one of whose input ends are inputted video signals and to the other is applied a reference voltage and a video mixer into which are entered carrier wave signals and video signals amplified by the operational amplifier, wherein the reference voltage is raised or lowered as the gain of the video mixer increases or decreases, respectively, with a variation in temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2001
    Date of Patent: November 29, 2005
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasuharu Kudo, Etsuya Shibata
  • Patent number: 6907085
    Abstract: First, a digital section constituting a linearizer is activated. Then, a feedback loop for updating a distortion compensation coefficient is opened. Then, the analog section on the antenna side is activated from an ADC, including a PA, etc., or a DAC. Then, both the ATT value of an ATT installed in a feedback route for updating the distortion compensation coefficient and the signal delay amount of a signal delay unit are adjusted to make a state such that the distortion compensation coefficient can be accurately updated. Then, the feedback loop is closed, a distortion compensation table having the distortion compensation coefficient as an entry is generated and after the generation is completed, the operation shifts to the normal operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2005
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventors: Tokuro Kubo, Takayoshi Ode, Kazuo Nagatani, Hajime Hamada, Hiroyoshi Ishikawa, Yasuyuki Oishi
  • Patent number: 6879218
    Abstract: A correction circuit for a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO) is arranged outwardly of the voltage-controlled oscillator. The oscillation of the selected frequency and the frequency modulation are carried out independently of each other. The correction circuit includes a frequency selection controller generating a frequency selection signal of the DC potential, and a frequency modulation controller generating a modulation adjusting signal responsive to the input of a modulating signal. When a frequency modulation control signal, including the DC potential of the frequency selection signal and the modulation adjusting signal, is supplied to the voltage-controlled oscillator, the capacitance is lowered even if the frequency is increased, thus allowing the modulation degree to frequency to be decreased to a substantially constant level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Ken Fujita
  • Patent number: 6771708
    Abstract: A nonlinear compensator comprising a signal processing section, a distortion detecting section, and a distortion correcting section. The signal processing section detects the time difference and phase difference between two signals by calculating correlation, synchronizes the two signals with each other, and causes the phase of one signal to coincide with that of the other. The distortion detecting section determines an amplitude error and a phase error in the two signals and inputs the errors as distortion components to a distortion correcting section. The distortion correcting section sequentially selects the amplitude, the phase, and the amount of compensation corresponding to the value of the amplitude from the amounts of compensation registered at the initial stage and updated adaptively, and adds the amount of compensation to the digital base band signal obtained at the input demodulation section to compensate for the distortion components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Masaru Suga, Seiji Isobe, Takeshi Sawada
  • Patent number: 6400415
    Abstract: A system and method for predistorting a signal which is to be amplified by a non-linear amplifier. The system and method uses additional predistortion circuits to eliminate the predistortion caused by amplifier input circuits and amplifier output circuits. In one aspect of the invention, the system and method uses a frequency response and phase corrector circuit to modify the amplitude versus frequency of the signal independent of phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventor: David Danielsons
  • Patent number: 6373902
    Abstract: A device for linearizing a transmitter in a digital radio communication system. In the device, a predistortion lookup table stores predistortion data determined by measuring in advance distortion characteristics of the transmitter with respect to input baseband data. During transmission, the device synthesizes the input baseband data with the predistortion data to predistort the input data so as to compensate for the distortion characteristics caused by non-linear elements constituting the transmitter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2002
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., LTD
    Inventors: Jae-Sun Park, Gin-Kyu Choi, Ji-Won Ha
  • Patent number: 6353370
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for modulation of a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The VCO receives a tuning control voltage for adjusting a center frequency of an output periodic signal formed by the VCO. In addition, the VCO receives a modulation control voltage for modulating the output periodic signal by a content-carrying signal according to frequency modulation techniques. A frequency deviation obtained in the output periodic signal in response to changes in the modulation control voltage is linearized by forming the modulation control voltage as the result of a linear correction polynomial. A linear correction circuit forms the modulation control voltage. More particularly, a first amplifier having a gain of K1 receives the tuning control voltage. A first summing block then receives the output of the first amplifier and adds the constant K0. A second amplifier having a gain of m receives the content-carrying signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2002
    Assignee: Micro Linear Corporation
    Inventors: Robert Cox, Gwilyn Luff
  • Patent number: 6034573
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for continuously calibrating the modulation sensitivity of a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) within a modulator of a transmitter. In accordance with the present invention, the transmitter is coupled to the receiver in order to loop back the transmit signal. The present invention includes a baseband signal generator which generates a reference baseband signal of known amplitude during periods when no other baseband information is being applied to the transmitter by the user. A Signal and Reference Comparison Circuit (SRCC) receives the output from the demodulator and determines whether the VCO within the transmitter has the proper modulation sensitivity. If the modulation sensitivity of the VCO is not within a desired range, then a signal generated by the SRCC is applied to a baseband level control circuit to adjust the level of the baseband signal that is applied to the VCO.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: Uniden San Diego Research & Development Center, Inc.
    Inventor: Martin Alderton
  • Patent number: 5796782
    Abstract: A digital modulator having a pulse shaping filter which generates and accumulates impulse responses including prior impulse responses and posterior impulse responses to perform a Root-Nyquist raised cosine filtering. The pulse shaping filter includes a dummy accumulation data memory storing dummy accumulation values of prior impulse responses required for initial data transmission. When several initial impulse responses are to be transmitted, for example, on power-up, the impulse responses corresponding to input digital data are generated and added to the dummy accumulation values of prior impulse responses. After the initial transmission, the impulse responses corresponding to input digital data are generated and transmitted without the help of the dummy accumulation values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: August 18, 1998
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Yuichirou Sagawa
  • Patent number: 5638404
    Abstract: A system for transmitting FM signals comprised of apparatus for receiving an input data signal, apparatus for precompensating the received data signal, apparatus for applying the precompensated data signal to a constant envelope modulator to provide a modulated signal, apparatus for applying the modulated signal to a power efficient non-linear amplifier and transmitting a signal resulting therefrom, apparatus for receiving the transmitted signal in an I-Q receiver, and apparatus for filtering the received transmitted signal for the precompensation, to obtain an output data signal representative of the input data signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Communications
    Inventor: Stewart N. Crozier
  • Patent number: 5633893
    Abstract: Continuous phase modulated (CPM) signals, such as quaternary CPFSK signals, are filtered to limit their bandwidth while simultaneously minimizing the amount of amplitude modulation and intersymbol interference introduced by this filtering process. By designing a modulation filter such as a finite impulse response (FIR) filter to add only a nominal, controlled amount of amplitude modulation, high efficiency, nonlinear power amplifiers may be employed to transmit the filtered CPFSK signals. Although the filter adds a small amount of amplitude modulation and intersymbol interference, digital signal processor-based receivers satisfactorily demodulate this type of signal using sequence estimation algorithms such as the Viterbi algorithm. Thus, the filtering of CPM signals permits narrowing of the transmitted signal spectrum while managing the intersymbol interference resulting from the controlled amount of amplitude modulation added by filtering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 27, 1997
    Assignee: Ericsson Inc.
    Inventors: Ross W. Lampe, Jyun-chen Chen
  • Patent number: 5600279
    Abstract: A VCO circuit has a voltage variable capacitance CVD2 connected in series with or in parallel to a condenser C3 connected in series with an inductance L1, which constitutes a resonator of the VCO circuit. An adjustment voltage VD2 is applied to a cathode of the voltage variable capacitance CVD2, such that the relation between a control voltage VD1 and an oscillation frequency f0 of the VCO circuit is electrically adjusted to improve the fabrication yield.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kazuhiro Mori
  • Patent number: 5592132
    Abstract: In a frequency modulator (1) having an adjusting circuit by which frequency modulator an applied luminance signal of a color video signal that contains synchronization pulses is frequency modulated, while the chrominance signal of the color video signal is modulated on a carrier, that has a quiescent frequency if no color information is available. A capacitor is provided for an automatic mode of operation, and is charged or discharged, respectively, in dependence on the period duration of the modulator output signal and in dependence on the period duration of the quiescent frequency of the chrominance carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 7, 1997
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Holger Ernst, Holger Moll
  • Patent number: 5579342
    Abstract: A system for transmitting FM signals comprised of apparatus for receiving an input data signal, apparatus for precompensating the received data signal, apparatus for applying the precompensated data signal to a constant envelope modulator to provide a modulated signal, apparatus for applying the modulated signal to a power efficient non-linear amplifier and transmitting a signal resulting therefrom, apparatus for receiving the transmitted signal in an I-Q receiver, and apparatus for filtering the received transmitted signal for the precompensation, to obtain an output data signal representative of the input data signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 26, 1996
    Assignee: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada as represented by the Minister of Communications
    Inventor: Stewart N. Crozier
  • Patent number: 5535247
    Abstract: A transmitter has an oscillator (101, 201, 303, 401, 501) that operates at frequency k multiplied by f.sub.c, thus the oscillator (101, 201, 303, 401, 501) outputs a signal at an output frequency, kf.sub.c. Coupled to the oscillator (101, 201, 303, 401, 501) is a frequency modifier (103, 205, 307, 405, 505), for modifying the oscillator output frequency by factor 1/k, thereby producing a signal at frequency f.sub.c at the frequency modifier output. Coupled to the frequency modifier output is a modulator (105, 215, 301, 407-417, 507-517) for producing a modulated output signal substantially centered at frequency f.sub.c.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Motorola, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul H. Gailus, Mark A. Gannon, Steven F. Gillig
  • Patent number: 5515013
    Abstract: A dual port frequency modulator and method for eliminating the undesired affects caused by high port/low port phase differences in a standard dual port frequency modulator. The frequency modulator includes an inverse filter stage coupled to the input of a modulator stage including a first high port processing path for processing high frequency components of a modulation signal and a second low port processing path for processing low frequency components of a modulation signal. The outputs of the high and low paths are coupled to separate ports of a voltage controlled oscillator. The impulse response of the inverse filter is designed to be the inverse of the impulse response of the modulator stage. The filter functions to counter-act the adverse effects caused by the delay difference in the high and low processing paths of the modulator stage such that the overall response of the dual port frequency modulator is significantly improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1996
    Assignee: Sierra Wireless
    Inventor: Peter McConnell
  • Patent number: 5404378
    Abstract: In a distortion compensating circuit, an initial value sufficient to provide a distortion compensating effect is previously set in a memory storage for storing distortion compensating data, whereby the convergence time of the distortion compensating effect is shortened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 4, 1995
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kazuo Kimura
  • Patent number: 5357222
    Abstract: The invention relates to a biased electronic circuit in which a voltage-controlled component has a characteristic with a non-linear portion and a substantially linear portion. The circuit is biased by a voltage being applied to one terminal of the component thereby shifting the operation of the component to the linear portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1992
    Date of Patent: October 18, 1994
    Assignee: Nokia Mobile Phones Ltd.
    Inventor: Seppo Hietala
  • Patent number: 5339054
    Abstract: In a modulated signal transmission system operable in response to an input digital signal of a baseband to produce a modulated signal through a nonlinear amplifier, a nonlinear converter is controlled by a control signal generator to compensate for not only a nonlinear distortion but also a linear distortion. The control signal generator is given a difference signal between a linearly detected signal and the input digital signal to which an estimated linear distortion is added by a linear filter having filter coefficients controlled by a filter coefficient estimator. An additional nonlinear converter is located prior to the linear filter. Alternatively, the linear filter may be located after the nonlinear converter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Tetsu Taguchi
  • Patent number: 5151668
    Abstract: A frequency-modulation modulator in a cellular wireless telephone for modulating frequency after uniformly and linearly compensating for frequency characteristics to be suitable for each engaged channel in a cellular wireless telephone. Since frequency modulation characteristics are compensated uniformly and linearly according to each one of a plurality of channels, an error due to the frequency distorted modulation can be prevented and the cellular wireless telephone becomes more reliable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 29, 1992
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Jong-Hae Kim
  • Patent number: 5126699
    Abstract: A digitally compensated modulation system for frequency synthesizers has a single modulation input line with flat frequency response to zero hertz. The above is accomplished while eliminating circuit components and adjustments by integrating reference oscillator temperature compensation, modulation compensation for changes in the voltage controlled oscillator modulation sensitivity and modulation compensation for changes in the reference oscillator modulation sensitivity. Signals requiring modulation enter a microprocessor and are summed together with a microprocessor generated signal and a temperature compensation input to create a composite modulation signal. The composite modulation signal is then multiplied by appropriate constants and sent to the synthesizer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 30, 1992
    Assignee: Allied-Signal Inc.
    Inventor: Ronald B. Kabler
  • Patent number: 5107520
    Abstract: An adaptive predistortion circuit for a digital transmission system includes a predistortion circuit (52.sub.1, 52.sub.2, 52.sub.3) for predistorting the input data before they pass through a modulator (56) and then through an amplifier (57), and an adaptation circuit (61.sub.1, 61.sub.2, 61.sub.3) for continuously adapting the predistortion circuit to the stream of input data in response to a demodulation of the stream of transmitted data. The predistortion circuit further includes an encoder (51) which, on a first path, in response to digital data a.sub.k, generates digital data b.sub.k which leave a first predistortion circuit (52.sub.1) in a predistorted manner in-phase with the symbol clock, on a second path, digital data c.sub.k which leave a second distortion circuit (52.sub.2) in a predistorted manner phase-shifted by T/3 relative to the symbol clock and on a third path, digital data d.sub.k which leave a third predistortion circuit (52.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 21, 1992
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Georges Karam, Hikmet Sari
  • Patent number: 5091705
    Abstract: A modulation signal is digitally integrated by an integration circuit and then phase-modulated by a phase modulating circuit. The integrated modulation signal is converted in phase modulating circuit to first and second digital modulation signals having phases orthogonal to each other. A carrier signal from a carrier signal generating circuit is converted to first and second carrier signals having phases orthogonal to each other. The first digital modulation signal and the first carrier signal are multiplied in a D/A converter and the second digital modulation signal and the second carrier signal are multiplied in a D/A converter, which multiplications are output as analog signals. These two analog signals are added to an adder to obtain an FM modulation output. As the foregoing, an FM modulation is digitally performed to obtain a highly reliable FM modulator of an excellent linear characteristic without a higher distortion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1992
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Yonejirou Hiramatsu, Shun-ichi Satou
  • Patent number: 4952888
    Abstract: A PLL for direct modulation having a flat modulation characteristic in the audio frequency range is described. The PLL for the direct modulation comprises a voltage controlled oscillator whose oscillating frequency is controlled by an output voltage of a low pass filter and also modulated by a signal, a programmable frequency divider supplied with an output signal of the voltage controller oscillator or the output signal divided in frequency, and a phase comparator comparing an output frequency f.sub.p of the programmable frequency divider with a reference frequency f.sub.r. The phase comparator outputs signals indicating three conditions in accordance with the results of the comparison: a first transistor turned ON by the output signal of the phase comparator indicating the condition f.sub.r >f.sub.p for charging a capacitor within the low pass filter; a second transistor turned ON by the output signal of the phase comparator indicating the condition f.sub.r >f.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 28, 1990
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hideo Izumi
  • Patent number: 4942374
    Abstract: In a phase-locked loop type synthesizer comprising a phase-locked loop which comprises a phase comparator, a loop filter, a voltage controlled oscillator having a gain Kv, and a circuit for feeding back an output from the voltage controlled oscillator to the phase comparator through a frequency divider having a frequency division ratio N and which is supplied with first and second modulation signals at first and second sections through first and second adders, first and second gain control circuits are provided on input lines of the first and the second modulation signals, respectively. The first gain control circuit has a first gain adjusted to be in inverse proportion to the frequency division ratio N while the second gain control circuit has a second gain adjusted to be in inverse proportion to the gain Kv. Preferably, the first adder is connected between the phase comparator and the loop filter while the second adder is connected between the loop filter and the voltage controlled oscillator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1989
    Date of Patent: July 17, 1990
    Assignee: Japan Radio Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenji Sai
  • Patent number: 4926144
    Abstract: A circuit for use in conjunction with a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO). The circuit introduces modulation into a radio system (to create a substantially flat frequency response) at the same VCO port at which VCO frequency centering and negative bias control signals are introduced. A potentiometer is utilized both for providing an adjustable negative bias to the varactor in the VCO resonant circuit and for setting the VCO to the appropriate center frequency. Modulation compensation circuitry is coupled to the control arm of the potentiometer and to the anode of the varactor (via a choke 4). The modulation compensating circuitry is preferably designed to have a transfer function that is substantially the inverse of the closed loop transfer function of the phase locked loop system with respect to the frequency modulation of the VCO.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1988
    Date of Patent: May 15, 1990
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventor: Robert K. Bell