With Contact With Heat Exchanger (e.g., Drum Or Roller) Patents (Class 34/454)
  • Patent number: 8789289
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for manufacturing a fiber web, in particular a web of tissue or hygiene material, provided with a three-dimensional surface structure, whereby the fiber web is pressed at a dry content of <35% onto an imprinting fabric by way of a first pressure field and is thereby pre-imprinted and the fiber web is guided through at least one other pressure field, and at least one of dewatering and drying the fiber web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Voith Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Jeffrey Herman, David A. Beck, Thomas Thoröe Scherb
  • Patent number: 8650770
    Abstract: This invention is a method and apparatus for drying wet objects, comprising passing air through the wet objects thereby having air absorb moisture from said wet objects; compressing the air adiabatically, thereby heating it; extracting heat from the air by passing it through the hot side of a heat exchanger thereby cooling it; expanding the air adiabatically, thereby cooling it further, below its dew point; separating the condensate from the air; restoring to the air all or part of the heat by passing it through the second side of the heat exchanger; and redirecting all or part of the air back to the wet objects thereby forming a loop in the flow of the air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Inventor: George Samuel Levy
  • Patent number: 8402673
    Abstract: A method for drying a fibrous web, especially a paper, cardboard or tissue web, the moving web is treated with hot air from a hot air hood in the area of a upstream pre-defined drying zone, and is subsequent carried to the drying zone in a downstream drying cylinder, especially a Yankee-Cylinder, to which an additional hood is allocated and in whose area the fibrous web is dried further. The hot air for the hot air hood allocated to the upstream drying zone is recovered, at least partially, from the exhaust air of the hood allocated to the downstream drying cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Voith Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Luiz C. Da Silva, Thomas Scherb, Ronaldo Parucker, Oswaldir Rizzatto
  • Patent number: 8132338
    Abstract: A paper machine configured as a swing machine capable of producing both light and heavy grades providing a Yankee hood split into a wet end half and a dry end half, at least one hood half being a flex-hood half wherein the supply for that half is capable of being run with either combustion heat or recycled heat and is capable of either recirculating the exhaust from the hood or discharging it to the atmosphere. The heater for the flex-hood half comprises both a primary combustion heat source and an indirect heat source capable of extracting by-product heat from another operation. The exhaust system for the flex hood half is capable of being run in either a straight through mode or in a recirculating mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2012
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Charles E. Deem, Mark S. Hunter, Donald J. Hodkiewicz, Steven W. Monroe, Scott M. Thomson, Thomas H. Barrie, Timothy D. Jadin, Steven M. Gardner, Scott L. Giannunzio
  • Publication number: 20100192403
    Abstract: A paper machine configured as a swing machine capable of producing both light and heavy grades providing a Yankee hood split into a wet end half and a dry end half, at least one hood half being a flex-hood half wherein the supply for that half is capable of being run with either combustion heat or recycled heat and is capable of either recirculating the exhaust from the hood or discharging it to the atmosphere. The heater for the flex-hood half comprises both a primary combustion heat source and an indirect heat source capable of extracting by-product heat from another operation. The exhaust system for the flex hood half is capable of being run in either a straight through mode or in a recirculating mode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 6, 2010
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: GEORGIA-PACIFIC CONSUMER PRODUCTS LP
    Inventors: Charles E. Deem, Mark S. Hunter, Donald J. Hodkiewicz, Steven W. Monroe, Scott M. Thomson, Thomas H. Barrie, Timothy D. Jadin, Steven M. Gardner, Scott L. Giannunzio
  • Publication number: 20090288311
    Abstract: A method for drying a fibrous web, especially a paper, cardboard or tissue web, the moving web is treated with hot air from a hot air hood in the area of a upstream pre-defined drying zone, and is subsequent carried to the drying zone in a downstream drying cylinder, especially a Yankee-Cylinder, to which an additional hood is allocated and in whose area the fibrous web is dried further. The hot air for the hot air hood allocated to the upstream drying zone is recovered, at least partially, from the exhaust air of the hood allocated to the downstream drying cylinder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2009
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Inventors: Luiz C. Da Silva, Thomas Scherb, Ronaldo Parucker, Oswaldir Rizzatto
  • Patent number: 7504004
    Abstract: Apparatus for continuously producing a band of paper, particularly for toilet use, includes at least a device for forming the band of paper, a felt conveyor belt suitable for transporting the band of paper through a dehydrating device having at least one presser cylinder suitable for pressing the band of paper against a drying cylinder The presser cylinder has a diameter no smaller than one third of the diameter of the drying cylinder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2009
    Assignee: SCA Hygiene Products AB
    Inventor: Riccardo Michelotti
  • Publication number: 20090007451
    Abstract: The invention relates to an arrangement and a method for sealing of a pocket space between drying cylinders (2, 3) in a paper machine or similar. In the method for sealing of the pocket space: a wire (5) is moved supported by the first and the second cylinder (2, 3, 4), a gap between the pocket space (15) and the space outside (24) it is sealed by a runnability component (6), which comprises at least a sealing surface (19, 22) and a blow nozzle (21) provided with a nozzle slot (26) of a size of 0.5-3.5 mm and elongated in the cross direction, the sealing surface (19, 22) is kept at a distance of 5-15 mm from the moving wire (5), air is blown with the blow nozzle (21) from a blow point (27) and along the sealing surface (22) towards a sealing point (16) and further via the sealing point (16) away (24) from the pocket space. The invention comprises also a runnability component (6) and a method for manufacturing the same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 6, 2006
    Publication date: January 8, 2009
    Applicant: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Rami Aaltonen, Pekka Saarikivi
  • Patent number: 7404875
    Abstract: A modified creping adhesive composition, comprising an adhesive component and at least one terpene modifier, and its use in the production of creped paper products by a process which includes the steps of adhering a paper web to the surface of a drying cylinder and separating the paper web from the drying cylinder with a creping blade.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2008
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Nancy Clungeon, Jeffrey J. Boettcher
  • Patent number: 6920704
    Abstract: The invention provides a method for drying a web of media in a printer such as a wallpaper printer. The method includes the step of loading the web in a path that traverses a compartment in a dryer in the printer. The compartment has an opening across the top. The web is allowed to descend into the comparetent, as required, to lengthen the path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: Silverbrook Research Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Kia Silverbrook, Tobin Allen King, Janette Faye Lee
  • Patent number: 6869506
    Abstract: An apparatus for decreasing heat emission and enhancing a vacuum system in a papermaking machine is provided. Such an apparatus includes a drying device having an inlet for receiving heated air for removing moisture from a paper web and an outlet for exhausting the moisture-containing air from the drying device. A vacuum system is configured to produce a suction and receive the moisture-containing air. A web handling device is disposed upstream of the drying device and is configured to interact with the web before the web is directed to the drying device. The web handling device is further configured to receive a portion of the moisture-containing air from the drying device, wherein the portion of the moisture-containing air is directed through the web by the web handling device to facilitate dewatering of the web before the moisture-containing air is received by the vacuum system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2005
    Assignee: Metso Paper Karlstad Aktiebolag (AB)
    Inventor: Dennis Edward Jewitt
  • Patent number: 6773551
    Abstract: Method and apparatus for determining characteristics of a running material web, the apparatus including at least one measuring device. The at least one measuring device is movable and has at least two degrees of freedom of movement. Each of the at least two degrees of freedom of movement is at least one of a rotary movement and a linear movement. The at least one measuring device is adapted to detect, at a plurality of measurement locations, data relating to at least one measured parameter. The at least one measuring device detects data about at least one of the following measured parameters: measured parameters which relate to a characteristic value of air in a region of the material web; measured parameters which relate to the material web; and other measured parameters. The method includes detecting, at a plurality of measurement locations and using the at least one measuring device, data relating to at least one measured parameter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 10, 2004
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Markus Oechsle, Frank Wegehaupt
  • Patent number: 6732453
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for arranging exhaust air and supply air in a drying section covered with a hood (14) in a paper machine, having drying cylinders (10) or the like and devices operating by negative and positive pressure. The exhaust air from the devices operating by negative pressure, such as suction rolls (20) and suction boxes is supplied out from the drying section via a first heat recovery tower (22). Substitute air is supplied via this first heat recovery tower to the runnability components (38) operating by positive pressure in the drying section. Substitute air can be additionally supplied via a second separate heat recovery tower (22′) to devices (40, 42) supplying heating air and/or ventilation air. The main portion of the exhaust air from the air space of the hood is supplied via this second heat recovery tower and out from the drying section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventor: Petri Norri
  • Patent number: 6725569
    Abstract: The device (10) and method are used for ventilating an offset pocket space (12) located in a drying section of a papermaking machine by injecting air from a heated dry air supply inlet (11). The offset pocket space (12) is situated between a set of three axially-parallel drying cylinders (20) over which consecutively runs a paper web (14). The device (10) comprises a first air outlet (50) where a first air stream is directed into a cleft (34) defined where the felt (16) rejoins the felt roll (26), and a second air outlet (52) where a second air stream is directed in close proximity to the felt (16) at a location which is upstream of the cleft (34). In use, the device (10) and the corresponding method allow the first air stream to flow through the felt (16) and lift the paper web (14) away from the felt (16) so as to reach the offset pocket space (12). The second air stream creates an air curtain to lower the pressure in a zone between the first (50) and the second air outlet (52).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2004
    Assignee: Enerquin Air Inc.
    Inventors: Rémi Turcotte, Dominique Thifault
  • Patent number: 6718654
    Abstract: Device for a drying section useful in the manufacture of paper or paperboard as a fibrous web. The drying section includes a drying drum rotatable about a first axis of rotation and arranged such that the fibrous web runs in contact with a surface of the drying drum, at least about a part of its circumference, and is dried thereby. The device includes at least one press roller rotatable about a second axis of rotation which is essentially parallel with the first axis of rotation, and is arranged, with a line load, to bear against the fibrous web, whereby the drying drum supports the at least one press roller. The at least one press roller is positioned at a corresponding longitudinal edge of the fibrous web, the least one press roller having a first cross-sectional diameter (D) at outer short ends in the device, and a second cross-sectional diameter (d) at inner short ends of the device, the first cross-sectional diameter (D) being larger than the second cross-sectional diameter (d).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2004
    Assignee: Stora Kopparbergs Bergslags Aktiebolag (publ)
    Inventor: Lennart Westman
  • Patent number: 6708423
    Abstract: Device and process for dewatering a fibrous material web by expelling water via gas pressure. The dewatering device includes at least four rolls arranged to radially limit at least one pressure chamber and sealing units arranged to axially limit the at least one pressure chamber. Adjustment devices are arranged to at least partially individually axially adjust positions of the at least four rolls and the sealing units. A pressure gas is introducible into and the fibrous material web is guidable through the at least one pressure chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2004
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Klaus Dölle
  • Patent number: 6668469
    Abstract: Device and process for removing a fibrous material web from a drying section of a machine for producing and/or refining the fibrous material web and into a catch device. The drying section includes heated drying cylinders, guidance rolls, and at least one drying wire arranged such that the fibrous material web is guided through the drying section over the heated drying cylinders and the guidance rolls at least predominately by the at least one drying wire. The device includes at least one controllable separating device arranged to at least reduce an adhesion force between the fibrous material web and the at least one drying wire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2003
    Assignee: Voith Paper Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Kahl, Markus Oechsle, Karl Josef Böck, Thomas Augscheller, Stefan Dette
  • Patent number: 6662468
    Abstract: A high speed dryer section has single-wire draw drying groups (R1, RN). A paper or board web (W) is supported by a wire (F) as it meanders over drying cylinders (20) in an upper row and reversing cylinders/rolls (21) in a lower row. A first cylinder drying group (R1) has at least five drying cylinders. In the first cylinder drying group (R1) a runnability component (30) is placed in a pocket space defined by every two successive drying cylinders (20) and the reversing roll (21) between them and by the drying wire (F) for applying a high under-pressure of 1000-8000 Pa to an area (50Y) in which the web (W) separates from the drying cylinder (20), and by which runnability component (30) a lower under-pressure of 100-500 Pa is produced in at least part of the rest of the pocket space (T).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Kari Juppi, Antti Komulainen
  • Patent number: 6615509
    Abstract: An apparatus for drying a fibre web of paper or paperboard is provided. The apparatus includes an adjustable heated press nip including at least one pressure device. The pressure device includes a roll, supporting one side of the web and at least two pressure shoes opposite the device and acting on the other side of the web. Each of the pressure shoes include means for providing an individual pressure respectively on the web. At least one intermediate conduit is arranged in-between the pressure shoes. The intermediate conduit includes means forming an additional individual pressure zone on the web.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2003
    Assignee: STFI
    Inventor: Hannes Vomhoff
  • Patent number: 6609310
    Abstract: The method for safety control of the drying cycle in hydrocarbon-solvent dry-cleaning machines, comprising, in the first step of the drying cycle, when the temperature of the mixture of hot air and solvent at the outlet of the drying drum reaches values which are higher than a preset safety value passing, the drying air, before being returned to the drum, through an additional separator-heat exchanger having a high thermal capacity. The apparatus is constituted in particular by the additional separator-heat exchanger connected through at least one valve driven by a detection to the drying circuit of the machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: Donini International S.p.A.
    Inventor: Salvatore Carnovale
  • Patent number: 6581301
    Abstract: A paper drying apparatus to dry a paper web carried on a fabric sheet includes a first rotatable drum to carry a paper web. A second rotatable drum is positioned downstream of the first drum with respect to the paper web carried by the first and second rotatable drum. A third rotatable drum is positioned downstream of the second rotatable drum to carry the paper web. A first air supply directs air through the first rotatable drum in a first direction to dry a paper web carried on the first rotatable drum. A second air supply supplies air through the second rotatable drum in a second direction opposite to the first direction. A third air supply supplies air through the third rotatable drum in the first direction. The first direction is one of a direction from an inside of a respective drum toward an outside of the respective drum and from the outside of the respective drum toward the inside of the respective drum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Corporation
    Inventor: Benjamin A. Thorp
  • Publication number: 20030056911
    Abstract: A tissue sheet is made using a modified wet pressing machine in a modified wet pressing process employing an integrally sealed air press. After initial formation and conventional vacuum dewatering, the wet web is conformed to the surface contour of a relatively coarse fabric to give the web a textured surface. By creating a pressure differential across the web of at least 30 inches of mercury and an air stream through the web of at least 500 SCFM/in2, the air press noncompressively dewaters the wet web to a consistency of about 30 to about 40 percent prior to a heated drying cylinder. The web is dried to substantially preserve its three-dimensional, throughdried-like texture. The process provides a web having an exceptionally high degree of bulk and absorbency not expected in wet-pressed products.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2002
    Publication date: March 27, 2003
    Inventors: Michael Alan Hermans, Frank Stephen Hada, Steven Jack Hickey
  • Publication number: 20030009905
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for arranging exhaust air and supply air in a drying section covered with a hood (14) in a paper machine, having drying cylinders (10) or the like and devices operating by negative and positive pressure. The exhaust air from the devices operating by negative pressure, such as suction rolls (20) and suction boxes is supplied out from the drying section via a first heat recovery tower (22). Substitute air is supplied via this first heat recovery tower to the runability components (38) operating by positive pressure in the drying section. Substitute air can be additionally supplied via a second separate heat recovery tower (22′) to devices (40, 42) supplying heating air and/or ventilation air. The main portion of the exhaust air from the air space of the hood is supplied via this second heat recovery tower and out from the drying section.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 20, 2002
    Publication date: January 16, 2003
    Inventor: Petri Norri
  • Patent number: 6490813
    Abstract: A process and a device for drying and smoothing a web. The process uses an apparatus including at least one dryer section having a plurality of heated cylinders and a calender having a plurality of smoothing nips, and includes guiding the web over the plurality of heated cylinders in the at least one dryer section, drying the web in the at least one dryer section to a maximum dry content of approximately 93%, adjusting a moisture cross-profile of the web in the dryer section, and guiding the web to the calender. The device includes a dryer section comprising beginning, middle, and end sections, a calender, and at least one adjusting device located in the end section for moistening the web, wherein the web is guided through the dryer section prior to being guided to the calender.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2002
    Assignee: Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbH
    Inventor: Markus Oechsle
  • Patent number: 6446356
    Abstract: A method for controlling the drying process taking place in the dryer section of a paper machine. The dryer section comprises at least one drying cylinder unit and at least one air impingement unit. Optimal evaporation is first compiled in a manner known, for example, on the basis of a recipe or by utilising a machine-direction quality model or quality profile, when the geometry of the dryer section, the process parametersrequired, such as machine speed, paper grade and total evaporation required are known. Limit values are calculated for at least two controlled variables of the dryer section, such as the steam pressure and the temperature of blowing air, making use of drying quality models, such as models representing the adhesion and brightness of paper. After this the dryer section is divided an the basis of the distribution formed by the limit values of the controlled variables into drying segments, so that in two adjacent segments, the limit value of at least one controlled variable is different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2001
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2002
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventors: Kristian Hamström, Jorma Kari, Hans Sundqvist
  • Patent number: 6397493
    Abstract: An apparatus for at least one of producing and treating a material web is provided including at least one wire; an outer sealing belt, which is wider than said at least one wire, comprising a pair of lateral edge regions; at least one heatable unit, having an outer cylindrical surface, wherein said at least one wire and said outer sealing belt are at least partially wrapped around said at least one heatable unit; an overpressure cap arranged to form a pressure chamber containing a medium under pressure, said medium under pressure exerting a pressure on said at least one heatable unit; and at least one of: (a) a seal formed between said lateral edge regions and said heatable unit; and (b) a seal formed between end faces of said overpressure cap and an opposing wall to seal said pressure chamber from an external environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2002
    Assignee: Voith Sulzer Papiertechnik Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Günter Halmschlager, Walter Holzer, Manfred Gloser, Peter Haslinger
  • Patent number: 6368459
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for coating a moving web of paper or board from on sides with at least one coat layer. The coat is applied to the web by means of a film transfer coater (12) and next the web is passed to a dryer cylinder group (4) via an air-cushion cylinder (18) supported by a wire (14), whereby the web can run fully supported all the way from its entry to the coater up to the winder. The apparatus further comprises a belt calender (8) and a belt-supported winder (9), whereby the web is thus supported over its entire passage in the machinery from the unwinder or paper machine up to winding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2002
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Jorma Kinnunen
  • Patent number: 6351896
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for drying a fiber web, in which the fiber web is dried between two tight bands moving in the same direction and turning around turning rolls. The first band is heated and the second band is cooled by a cooling chamber. The cooling chamber includes at least one cooling element and the cooling element includes at least one inlet chamber and at least one outlet chamber. The fiber web is arranged to run through a drying zone, with at least one felt or wire, such that the fiber web is in contact with the surface of the first, heated band and the felt or wire is between the fiber web and the second, cooled band. The pressure of the cooling element is balanced by a pressure balancing means, and the second band is provided with a hydraulic bearing for allowing the band to slide evenly and with little friction on the cooling chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2002
    Assignee: Metso Paper, Inc.
    Inventor: Veli-Matti Vainio
  • Publication number: 20010045025
    Abstract: Device and process for removing a fibrous material web from a drying section of a machine for producing and/or refining the fibrous material web and into a catch device. The drying section includes heated drying cylinders, guidance rolls, and at least one drying wire arranged such that the fibrous material web is guided through the drying section over the heated drying cylinders and the guidance rolls at least predominately by the at least one drying wire. The device includes at least one controllable separating device arranged to at least reduce an adhesion force between the fibrous material web and the at least one drying wire.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2001
    Publication date: November 29, 2001
    Applicant: VOITH PAPER PATENT GmbH
    Inventors: Peter Kahl, Markus Oechsle, Karl Josef Bock, Thomas Augscheller, Stefan Dette
  • Patent number: 6209224
    Abstract: A method for making throughdried tissue products includes a throughdryer which functions without a throughdrying fabric. The tissue web is formed in a conventional manner and dewatered to a high consistency prior to being transferred to the surface of the throughdryer. The inside of the throughdryer is operated with a vacuum while a hot air hood serves to blow hot air through the web into the dryer. In one embodiment, the surface of the throughdrying drum is provided with circumferential ridges to impart bulk and cross-machine directional stretch to the resulting tissue. A doctor blade having ridges which intermesh with the circumferential ridges on the throughdryer surface can be used to skim the dried sheet from the dryer surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventor: Strong C. Chuang
  • Patent number: 6206995
    Abstract: A moving-web slack reducing system including a deformable tension roller, such as a brush-type tension roller having an outer surface defined by the ends of a plurality of bristles. The slack reducing system may be deployed in a preheater assembly for a machine for manufacturing corrugated board. The bristles of the deformable tension roller allow the outer surface of the tension roller to deflect both radially and in the cross-machine direction without binding to the paper web. The bristles may also deflect variably across the tension roller in the cross-machine direction. Thus, the deflection of the bristles adjusts automatically and virtually instantaneously to changes in the tension of the paper web to compensate for variations in tension across the web in the cross-machine direction. This allows the brush-type tension roller to take the slack out of the paper web without having to rapidly and precisely adjust any actuators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2001
    Assignee: Corrugated Gear & Services, Inc.
    Inventor: David Lauderbaugh
  • Patent number: 6154978
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for confirming the initial conditions of a clothes dryer prior to the start of the drying cycle is provided. The clothes dryer comprises a drying chamber with air inlet and outlet ports. A blower powered by a first motor is arranged in the outlet port to draw air into the drying chamber through the inlet port. A burner for heating the air before it enters the drying chamber is arranged in the inlet port. Also arranged at the inlet port is an air proving device for measuring the air flow through the drying chamber. A second motor is provided for the drive system which creates the tumbling action in the drying chamber. The air flow proving device must be enabled before the second motor is started.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 5, 2000
    Assignee: American Dryer Corporation
    Inventor: Dennis Slutsky
  • Patent number: 6090243
    Abstract: Improved method of removing water from a wet web of paper includes the steps of (a) passing the web and its supporting fabric above and in sliding contact with a surface of a meniscus separator unit having a plurality of spaced cells in contact with the inner surface of the fabric; (b) applying a small vacuum to an internal space of each cell to extract water from the web using the tension meniscus of water while preventing air from passing through the web; and (c) permitting air from the atmosphere only to be applied to the inner surface of the fabric by each cell and thence into the fabric to replace water removed from the fabric in step (b) thereby enhancing the removal of water from the web and from the fabric, the atmospheric air passing along and through the interstices between the inner and outer surfaces of the fabric to the internal space of each cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Inventors: Glauco Corbellini, Peter A. Rodriguez
  • Patent number: 6038789
    Abstract: A method for controlling the curl of paper in which steam treatment and/or moistening of the paper web is/are carried out after the calendering process being performed in the calender. In processes in which calendering is not employed, the curl is controlled in connection with a machine reel-up or in process steps carried out after the machine reel-up. A paper or board machine applying the method includes a headbox, a former, a press, a dryer section and steam boxes, moistening devices, an IR dryer and/or equivalent curl control devices. The steam boxes, moistening devices, IR dryers and/or equivalent curl control devices for the control of the curl are arranged after the calender or, if no calender is employed, in connection with a machine reel-up or a finishing process carried out after the machine reel-up.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2000
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Juha Kaihovirta, Pekka Pakarinen, Matti Luontama
  • Patent number: 6021581
    Abstract: A method of drying a fiber web in a paper-making machine includes the step of providing a heated dryer roll which carries the fiber web. The dryer roll has a shell consisting essentially of compacted graphite cast iron. The dryer roll is rotated such that the dryer roll has a peripheral speed which is greater than approximately 6000 feet per minute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 8, 2000
    Assignee: Voith Sulzer Paper Technology North America, Inc.
    Inventor: Edwin X. Graf
  • Patent number: 6003245
    Abstract: A method and arrangement for evaporation drying of a paper web in which the web is dried in three successive stages I, II and III that are carried out in the direction of progress of the web as follows: in the first stage (I), the web is heated in a short section in the machine direction quickly to a temperature of 55.degree. C. to 85.degree. C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 21, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Juha Lipponen, Martti Salminen, Juha Kaihovirta, Reima Kerttula
  • Patent number: 5950329
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for drying a fiber web, whereby the fiber web (5) is dried in a cylinder drying unit (12) and in a band drier unit (11). The cylinder drying unit (12) and the band drier unit (11) are arranged one above the other. A considerable space saving is then achieved and the building costs remain rather moderate. Simultaneously, a remarkable addition to the drying capacity is achievable by moderate investments by means of existing apparatuses, for instance. (FIG.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Jukka Lehtinen, Elias Retulainen
  • Patent number: 5933980
    Abstract: The dryer section in a papermaking machine has a single tier of all top felted dryer rolls six to nine feet in diameter. Air caps are employed over the dryer rolls to simultaneously dry both sides of the web to prevent curl and to increase drying rates. The air caps employ blown air at a temperature of 250-900 degrees Fahrenheit and air speeds of 8,000-40,000 feet per minute. The dryer fabric employed is foraminous with a permeability of between 300-1,200 cubic feet per minute per square foot and is designed to withstand peak temperatures of up to 900 degrees Fahrenheit and average temperatures of between 500-600 degrees Fahrenheit. A single transfer roll, or more advantageously, two grooved vacuum rolls in a vacuum box are disposed between the dryer rolls to maximize the circumferential wrap of the web and, at the same time, support and transport the web between dryer rolls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Beloit Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Rajendra D. Deshpande, Jeffrey H. Pulkowski
  • Patent number: 5933978
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of and an apparatus for drying a fiber web, whereby the fiber web is dried in a cylinder drying unit (12) and in a band drier unit (11). The fiber web (5) is led from the cylinder drying unit (12) to the band drier unit (11) in such a way that it is easy to determine a desired dry content for the fiber web (5) in the cylinder drying unit (12) when the fiber web (5) is transferred to the band drier unit (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 10, 1999
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Jukka Lehtinen, Elias Retulainen
  • Patent number: 5875530
    Abstract: Fiberglass mesh is tentered by conveying the mesh in sliding relation over counter-rotating heated rollers or oscillating heated bars. The mesh is pulled over the rollers or bars and is slit and tightly wound, all in-line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 2, 1999
    Inventor: Theodore E. Clear
  • Patent number: 5799411
    Abstract: A steam blast box for applying steam to a web of paper conducted over a roll of a paper machine. The box has a closed steam blast chamber which extends along the roll transverse to the direction of travel of the web and to which steam can be fed. The front wall of the box, which faces the roll, has a plurality of steam outlet openings. A steam propagation space is formed between the front wall of the steam blast box and the roll. For controlling the temperature and/or for regulating the amount of heat transferred to the web of paper in the steam propagation space, an air outlet channel, which extends transverse to the direction of travel of the web and is located at the web inlet end of the steam propagation space, is provided for the admixing of air in the steam. In this way, sensitive separate, zone-wise control of the heating of the paper web can be obtained. The steam propagation space can be cooled zone-wise by feeding air on the inlet side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 1, 1998
    Assignee: Voith Sulzer Papermaschinen
    Inventor: Christian Schiel
  • Patent number: 5758556
    Abstract: A method for cutting the leader of the web in a paper or board machine in the dryer section of the machine by a jet of pressurized water. The web is placed against the drying wire when it is being cut, and the jet is directed at the web from the free side of the web. The water jet pressure used is from about 40 bar to about 400 bar, preferably from about 100 bar to about 350 bar, which is produced by an ordinary pressure washer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Ismo Koponen, Iimari Rintasalo, Jari Vainio, Juha Kaihovirta
  • Patent number: 5746009
    Abstract: A process and apparatus for controlling the surface temperature of a drying cylinder of a paper machine, in which air may be admixed with the steam introduced into the drying cylinder to adjust the partial steam pressure. The mixture ratio of air and steam is controlled as a function of the measured temperature of the mixture discharging from the drying cylinder. Also, pressure measurements are made of the pressure in the infeed and discharge lines of the cylinder, and valves control this dependent on the measurements. The valves are controlled to provide all steam to the cylinder above a predetermined minimum pressure in the cylinder below 1 bar and to provide a mix of air and steam below the predetermined minimum pressure. Arrangements for controlling one cylinder at a time, several cylinders together for supply of both steam and air, or several cylinders for controlling respective separate supplies of air and with one supply of steam are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 5, 1998
    Assignee: Voith Sulzer Papiermaschinen GmbH
    Inventor: Hubert Brugger
  • Patent number: 5718060
    Abstract: A paper-making process control system is provided for a paper making machine to simulate a web drying operation performed by the drying sections of the paper machine, in order to enhance the reliability of controlling operation in the web product grade change and to reduce the time necessary for the grade change. In the control system, when a web product change is carried out during the paper-making process by passing a web (WE) along with a canvas belt (14b) around a steam-heated drums (14a) for the drying of the web (WE), the control system describes heat balance among the steam-heated drums(14a), the web (WE), and the canvas belt (14b) by heat balance equations on an assumption that there is no temperature differential in the temperature of the circumferential portion of each steam-heated drum (14a), and adjustably regulates supply of steam to the respective steam-heated drums (14a) on the basis of the heat balance equations to thereby bring a moisture content of the web (WE) to a desired value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 17, 1998
    Assignee: New Oji Paper Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yoshitatsu Mori
  • Patent number: 5699626
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for reducing the moisture content of a paper web in a papermaking process from in the range of 10% to 32% dry to the range of 33% to 50% dry wherein the embryonic web is supported on a knuckled through drier fabric and lightly pressed between the knuckled through drier fabric and a capillary membrane of a capillary dewatering roll. The capillary membrane has capillary pores therethrough which have a substantially straight through, non-tortuous path with a pore aspect ratio of from about 2 to about 20. A vacuum is drawn within the capillary dewatering roll which is not greater than the negative capillary suction pressure of the capillary pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 23, 1997
    Assignee: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Strong C. Chuang, Kenneth Kaufman, Robert H. Schiesser
  • Patent number: 5636452
    Abstract: A paper drying apparatus including a first rotatable drum, wherein the first rotatable drum has an inner perimeter and an outer perimeter and a second rotatable drum having an inner perimeter and an outer perimeter. A fabric sheet for carrying a paper web is provided, wherein the fabric sheet passes around the outer perimeter of the first rotatable drum and proceeds to next pass around the outer perimeter of the second rotatable drum. As the fabric sheet conveys the paper web around the first rotatable drum, a drying air is applied to the paper web in a direction from the inner perimeter of the first rotatable drum toward the outer perimeter of the first rotatable drum, further passing through the paper web. As the fabric sheet and paper web proceed around the second rotatable drum, a drying air is applied to the paper web in a direction from the outer perimeter of the second rotatable drum toward the inner perimeter of the second rotatable drum, further passing through the paper web in a similar direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: James River Corporation of Virginia
    Inventors: Benjamin A. Thorp, James Gilpatrick
  • Patent number: 5630285
    Abstract: A method and device for drying a paper web in a dryer section having a number of successive dryer groups with a single-wire draw, and being situated after a press section of the paper machine. Each dryer group includes contact-drying cylinders arranged in a first row and reversing suction cylinders or equivalent suction rolls arranged in a second row, the rows being horizontal, diagonal or vertical rows. The paper web is dried by contact-drying cylinders from the side of its lower face across the entire length of the dryer section. The paper web is passed as a closed draw from one dryer group to the next group, and the paper web is guided, while it runs on the drying wire at the side of the outside curve, by the reversing suction cylinders having a curve radius selected in a range from about 250 mm to about 1000 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1997
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventors: Reima Kerttula, Jouko Yli-Kauppila
  • Patent number: 5619927
    Abstract: A method of printing a material web includes the steps of applying ink to the material web, subsequently drying the material web with the use of heat and subsequently drying the material web, and, after cooling and prior to further processing, moistening the material web while simultaneously applying heat to the material web, and subsequently once again cooling the material web. An apparatus for carrying out the method includes, in a travel direction, a printing unit, a drying section following the printing unit, a cooling section following the drying section, a moistening section following the cooling section, and an after-cooling section following the moistening section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: V.I.B. Apparatebau GmbH
    Inventor: Stefan Winheim
  • Patent number: 5575084
    Abstract: A method and device for drying and/or cooling a paper web or equivalent in which the web is passed over the circumference of a revolving roll on support of a face of a support wire that faces the roll. The web is dried and/or cooled by means of a gas blown through openings in the mantle of the roll into a space between the outer face of the roll and the web supported by the support wire, whereby a support zone formed by pressurized gas is formed between the outer face of the roll and the web. Humidified gas is passed out of the support zone into the interior of the roll through other openings in the mantle of the roll into a system of exhaust ducts placed inside the roll.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Valmet Corporation
    Inventor: Vesa Vuorinen
  • Patent number: 5566473
    Abstract: A processing roll adapted to engage paper or the like to heat and/or shape the same. The roll has a cylindrical side wall and defines a interior condensing chamber for steam. The interior surface of the roll is formed with longitudinal grooves which slope away from the longitudinal axis toward a central location. The steam condensates in the chamber, collects in the grooves, and flows toward a center location where the condensate is siphoned out and removed from the chamber. Improved heat transfer is achieved, and greater uniformity of heat is accomplished at the outside surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 22, 1996
    Inventor: Reijo K. Salminen