With Spaced Or External Radio Wave Refractor (e.g., Lens) Patents (Class 343/753)
  • Patent number: 10811768
    Abstract: A method for utilising an array of independently controllable dielectric lenses for radio signal to allow a single antenna to be focussed on one location with a highly directive beam or on more than one location thus enable radio links to be formed with multiple locations. Within the array, each lens will consist of a shaped piece of dielectric material that can be independently, or in groups, pointed in such a direction as to change the direction of the radio signals passing through the lens. The lens will have a shape equivalent to a converging lens which may be a convex shape. Other forms of converging lens may be implemented save space and material. The antenna will have a low gain, wide area of reception and may be implemented as a planar metal antenna or as a group of planar antennas in an array. This invention provides a lightweight system for providing high gain antenna performance without the need for a complex antenna array system or the need for multiple transceiver electronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: AERONET GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS LABS DAC
    Inventors: Brian Russell, Ronan Farrell
  • Patent number: 10782389
    Abstract: A device includes a circuit board having thereon, a controlling component, a first radar chip and a second radar chip. The first radar chip includes a first radar transmission antenna, a second radar transmission antenna and a first radar receiver antenna array. The second radar chip includes a second radar receiver antenna array. The controlling component can control the first radar chip and the second radar chip. The first radar transmission antenna can transmit a first radar transmission signal. The second radar transmission antenna can transmit a second radar transmission signal. The second radar chip is spaced from the first radar chip so as to create a virtual receiver antenna array between the first radar receiver antenna array and the second radar receiver antenna array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Sandeep Rao, Karthik Ramasubramanian, Brian Ginsburg, Jawaharial Tangudu, Karthik Subburaj
  • Patent number: 10777903
    Abstract: A multi-beam antenna includes: a focusing system having a concave mirror; a radiating device, which is intended for irradiating the concave mirror, includes a two-dimensional radiator array, is disposed at a distance from the concave mirror and covers the projection area of beams at this distance; and a beam forming system. The radiating device includes at least one sub-array of radiators which provides one beam in a set direction. For each such beam, the beam forming system provides, for each radiator in the corresponding sub-array, amplitude-time parameters of the signal being transmitted such as to form a non-planar wavefront, which is equidistant across the concave mirror to a planar wavefront of the beam, wherein the radiating surface of the radiator array is situated outside the region of self-intersection of the non-planar wavefronts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Inventors: Evgenij Petrovich Basnev, Anatolij Vasilevich Vovk
  • Patent number: 10644408
    Abstract: An element section includes at least one antenna element transmitting/receiving radio waves. Refracting sections refract unnecessary waves, which are radio waves emitted from the element section and traveling away from a detection area, in a rearward direction in which the unnecessary waves travel further than an antenna-formed surface having the at least one antenna element of the element section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshiya Sakai, Kazumasa Sakurai, Kazushi Kawaguchi, Yuji Sugimoto, Asahi Kondo
  • Patent number: 10641867
    Abstract: A sensing system for a vehicle includes a control and sensor disposed at the vehicle. The sensor includes a plurality of antennas, which includes transmitting antennas and receiving antennas. The plurality of antennas includes a two-dimensional antenna array having a rhombus grid arrangement of antennas. Outputs of the antennas are communicated to the control, and the control, responsive to the outputs of the antennas, determines the presence of one or more objects exterior the vehicle and within the field of sensing of the antennas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventor: Holger Hess
  • Patent number: 10631753
    Abstract: A blood glucose tracking system and method measures emitted microwave energy transmitted to and accepted by blood vessels in a desired target area of a patient in order to determine, in real time and in vivo, appropriate blood glucose levels. A measurement unit comprises a transmitter operatively connected to an antenna to deliver energy towards appropriate subcutaneous blood vessels. The measurement unit determines an accepted energy power value in the blood vessels associated with the desired target area. This measurement energy power value is compared with a calibration value, and the difference is used to determine a resultant blood glucose value. The determined blood glucose value may further be acclimatized using additional sensed values compensating for biological and ambient factors relevant to the patient. The final determined blood glucose value can be displayed for reading and/or transmitted and stored for recording for further reference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Inventor: Arnold Chase
  • Patent number: 10601137
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of a dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) or array of DRAs, the DRA having: an electrically conductive ground structure; a plurality of volumes of dielectric materials disposed on the ground structure having N volumes, N being an integer equal to or greater than 3, disposed to form successive and sequential layered volumes V(i), i being an integer from 1 to N, wherein volume V(1) forms an innermost volume, wherein a successive volume V(i+1) forms a layered shell disposed over and at least partially embedding volume V(i), wherein volume V(N) at least partially embeds all volumes V(1) to V(N?1); and, a signal feed disposed and structured to be electromagnetically coupled to one or more of the plurality of volumes of dielectric materials. The method including molding at least one of the plurality of volumes of the dielectric material, or all of the volumes of the dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: ROGERS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kristi Pance, Karl Sprentall, Shawn P. Williams, Robert C. Daigle
  • Patent number: 10587035
    Abstract: A reflector assembly including a truss engaging the first net at a first plurality of points along the first net perimeter edge and engaging a second net at a second plurality of points along the second net perimeter edge. A truss deployment assembly moves the truss between a truss stowed condition and a truss deployed condition, the truss in the truss deployed condition tensioning said first net or said second net to maintain a substantially flat or parabolic net outer surface. A reflector disposed at the first net sends or receives remote data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: TENDEG LLC
    Inventors: Gregg E. Freebury, Neal J Beidleman
  • Patent number: 10541476
    Abstract: An antenna array system includes a feed antenna and circuit boards. Each circuit board has pickup antenna elements disposed on a curved edge portion of a first edge of the circuit board, radiating elements disposed on a second edge portion of the circuit board, and transmit receive modules disposed between the pickup elements and the radiating elements on the circuit board. The antenna array can be part of an active electronically scanned array (AESA) antenna assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC.
    Inventors: James B. West, Jeremiah D. Wolf, Aimee M. Matland
  • Patent number: 10454179
    Abstract: Several embodiments of systems and methods are described for a compound structure consisting of a compact conformal surface-wave antenna feed structure attached to a conformal surface-wave antenna. The feed structure is an Artificial Impedance Surface (AIS) which takes as input an arbitrary source, converts it into a desired surface-wave waveform, which then feeds its output into the attached conformal surface-wave antenna for optimal radiation performance. The feed structure can be made up of several sizes and shapes of AIS metal patches and can produce plane isotropic as well as anisotropic surface-wave output. The surface-wave antenna can be a radiating hologram made up of the same AIS metallic patches as the feed structure and fabricated on the same dielectric substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: HRL Laboratories, LLC
    Inventors: Adour V. Kabakian, Amit M Patel
  • Patent number: 10439290
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, a communication device having a dielectric antenna, a radio housing, a hollow waveguide and an antenna stabilizer. The radio housing can enclose a transmitter that generates electromagnetic waves. The hollow waveguide can have a cavity therethrough to facilitate transmission of the electromagnetic waves to a feed point of the dielectric antenna for guidance of the electromagnetic waves without requiring an electrical return path, where the electromagnetic waves generate near-field wireless signals. The antenna stabilizer can facilitate coupling the hollow waveguide to the feed point of the dielectric antenna. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Aldo Adriazola, David M. Britz, Farhad Barzegar, Paul Shala Henry, Robert Bennett, Irwin Gerszberg, Thomas M. Willis, III, Donald J. Barnickel
  • Patent number: 10374320
    Abstract: Embodiments discussed herein refer to systems and structures for focusing dispersal of electromagnetic signals. Focusing of the electromagnetic signals is achieved by a reflective lens that is constructed from several extremely high frequency focusing layers. Each focusing layer can include an extremely high frequency focusing window that, collectively, define the geometry of a cavity backed reflective lens and its ability to focus electromagnetic signal dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: KEYSSA SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventors: Dennis F. Rosenauer, Giriraj Mantrawadi
  • Patent number: 10326208
    Abstract: A radio frequency antenna uses an array of spherical lens and mechanically movable radio frequency (RF) elements along the surface of the spherical lens to provide cellular coverage for a narrow geographical area. The antenna includes at least two spherical lens, where each spherical lens has at least one associated element assembly. Each element assembly has a track that curves along the contour of the exterior surface of the spherical lens and along which a radio frequency (RF) element can move. The antenna also includes a phase shifter configured to adjust a phase of the signals produced by the RF elements. The antenna includes a control mechanism configured to enable a user to move the RF elements along their respective tracks, and automatically configure the phase shifter to modify a phase of the output signals from the elements based on the relative positions between the RF elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Matsing Inc.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10288478
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a metal-metal interdigitated photoconductive antenna that generates and/or detects terahertz waves, the photoconductive antenna comprising at least one substrate (1) and at least one electrode (2) on the front face of the substrate (1), wherein said photoconductive antenna comprises at least one layer (4) formed of a material reflective to terahertz waves, said layer (4) extending below the front face of the substrate (1) at a distance lower than the wavelength; and it comprises an interdigitated geometry on said front face of the substrate (1) comprising a first metallization layer of 5 nm Cr and 150 nm Au for the interdigitated electrodes (2), equally spaced by a distance ?, is made on said front face of the substrate (1); a 500 nm-thick layer of SiO2 (5) deposited over the first metallization layer; and a second metallic layer composed of metallic fingers (6) covering gaps with a periodicity double that of the distance ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignees: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, ECOLE NORMALE SUPERIEURE
    Inventors: Sukhdeep Dhillon, Kenneth Maussang
  • Patent number: 10283835
    Abstract: A deployable structure for use in establishing a reflectarray antenna is provided that includes a flexible reflectarray and a deployment structure that includes an endless pantograph for deploying the flexible reflectarray from a folded, undeployed state towards a deployed state in which the flexible reflectarray is substantially planar. In a particular embodiment, the deployment structure includes a plurality of tapes that engage the endless pantograph and are used to establish a positional relationship between the deployed reflectarray and another component of the reflectarray antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: MMA Design, LLC
    Inventors: Thomas J. Harvey, Toby J. Harvey, Mitchell T. Wiens, Mark A. Bailey, Shane E. Stamm, Christopher A. Pelzmann
  • Patent number: 10270182
    Abstract: Provided is a metamaterial-based polarization converter in which a reception antenna and a transmission antenna are formed by using a metamaterial, to thus emit an incident non-polarized or polarized electromagnetic wave in an angle-converted polarization direction. The metamaterial-based electromagnetic wave polarization converter includes: a reception antenna made of a metamaterial and allowing incident electromagnetic waves to resonate at a surface of the reception antenna to generate a surface current; a transmission antenna at a rear side of the reception antenna, and made of an angle-converted metamaterial to thus allow the electromagnetic waves transferred from the reception antenna to resonate to then be emitted in a polarization direction; and a connector made of a conductive material that connects the reception antenna and the transmission antenna, to thereby transfer a surface current generated from the reception antenna to the transmission antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: GWANGJU INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jae Hyung Jang, Jeong min Woo
  • Patent number: 10263342
    Abstract: One embodiment describes a reflectarray antenna system. The system includes an antenna feed configured to at least one of transmit and receive a wireless signal occupying a frequency band. The system also includes a reflector comprising a reflectarray. The reflectarray includes a plurality of reflectarray elements, where each of the reflectarray elements includes a dipole element. The dipole element of at least a portion of the plurality of reflectarray elements comprises a crossed-dipole portion and a looped-dipole portion. The plurality of reflectarray elements can be configured to selectively phase-delay the wireless signal to provide the wireless signal as a coherent beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Thomas H. Hand, Michael E. Cooley, David Sall, Gary L. Kempic
  • Patent number: 10249951
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a multi-beam antenna is described. The multi-beam antenna includes a reflector having a single reflector surface defining a first focal region and a second focal region. A first feed group is located within the first focal region. The first feed group includes a first feed oriented relative to the reflector define a first beam pointed in a first direction. The multi-beam antenna further includes a fixed attachment mechanism attaching the first feed group to the reflector such that a position of the first feed group is fixed relative to the reflector. The multi-beam antenna further includes a second feed group located within the second focal region. The second feed group includes a second feed oriented relative to the reflector to define a second beam pointed in a second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: VIASAT, INC.
    Inventors: Donald L Runyon, Sharad V Parekh
  • Patent number: 10236577
    Abstract: An antenna for a level meter and a method for operating such an antenna. The antenna has an antenna housing, at least one supply element and at least one lens, the lens having at least first and second lens surfaces. The supply element guides coupled electromagnetic radiation and emits electromagnetic radiation in the direction of the first lens surface. The electromagnetic radiation received via the first lens surface can be relayed and emitted via the second lens surface. The lens is formed at least in part of a porous material, wherein the porous material connects the first lens surface and the second lens surface to one another, and a flushing device is provided for impinging the lens with a medium that passes through the porous material and through the second lens surface via the first lens surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH
    Inventors: Mathias Linkies, Almir Adrovic
  • Patent number: 10230166
    Abstract: A reconfigurable antenna comprises a plurality of antenna feed elements, a plurality of plasma switches respectively associated with the antenna feed elements, and control circuitry for independently operating the plasma switches to selectively activate and deactivate the antenna feed elements. Each plasma switch may comprise a volume of inert gas, and a pair of electrodes spanning the respective volume of inert gas. The reconfigurable antenna may comprise a power supply for supplying a voltage to the pair of electrodes of each of plasma switch sufficient to ignite the respective inert gas volume into a plasma field to deactivate the respective antenna feed element. Each plasma switch may optionally be operated to attenuate each antenna feed element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Larry L. Savage, Ted R. Dabrowski, Colin A. Diehl, John D. Williams, Enrique J. Ruiz
  • Patent number: 10224635
    Abstract: A radio frequency antenna uses an array of spherical lens and mechanically movable radio frequency (RF) elements along the surface of the spherical lens to provide cellular coverage for a narrow geographical area. The antenna includes at least two spherical lenses, where each spherical lens has an associated element assembly. Each element assembly has a track that curves along the contour of the exterior surface of the spherical lens and along which a radio frequency (RF) element can move. The antenna also includes a phase shifter configured to adjust a phase of the signals produced by the RF elements. The antenna includes a control mechanism configured to enable a user to move the RF elements along their respective tracks, and automatically configure the phase shifter to modify a phase of the output signals from the elements based on the relative positions between the RF elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: MATSING, INC.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10205215
    Abstract: A vehicle includes a vehicle body, a drive mechanism, a windshield, an antenna part provided in a vehicle interior, and a reflection suppression layer including a dielectric layer that closely adheres to a surface on the antenna part side of the windshield. The dielectric layer has a refractive index that is lower than a refractive index of a glass layer of the windshield and higher than a refractive index of air. The dielectric layer has a thickness that allows reflection of the transmission wave to be suppressed by interference between a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on an interface on the opposite side of the innermost glass layer of the windshield to the antenna part side, and a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on a surface on the antenna part side of the dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: NIDEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akito Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Kamo, Masahiro Shindo
  • Patent number: 10193227
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a waveguide transition structure for receiving satellite signals, which can be implemented in a low noise block down-converter. In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the low noise block down-converter includes a feed horn structure having at least a first waveguide extending along a first direction, a housing having at least a second waveguide extending along a second direction and communicating with the first waveguide, and a circuit board positioned within the housing. The second direction is substantially not in parallel to the first direction. The circuit board has a receiving pin configure to receive microwave signals propagating in the second waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Kuotien Chang, Yenfen Lin, Yu-Chih Wu
  • Patent number: 10177459
    Abstract: A dual-band antenna panel comprises a plurality of dual-band radiating cells operating independently for a first frequency in a first frequency band and a second frequency in a second frequency band, the first frequency band being higher than the second frequency band, each of the radiating cells exhibiting a distinct feed to the first and to the second frequency. The antenna panel comprises radiating cells disposed according to a mesh dimensioned with respect to the first frequency band, and wherein the feeds to the second frequency of the radiating cells are clustered in packets within combiners having a single feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: THALES
    Inventor: Olivier Maas
  • Patent number: 10113899
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining or monitoring the fill level of a fill substance located in a container in a process, comprising: a signal producing unit; an in-coupling/out-coupling unit an antenna unit; wherein the antenna unit has a hollow conductor and an antenna element widening toward the fill substance and the antenna unit transmits high-frequency measuring signals in the direction of the surface of the fill substance and receives echo signals reflected on the surface of the fill substance; and a control/evaluation unit, which ascertains the fill level of the fill substance in the container based on travel time of the measuring signals. In or on the antenna unit a process isolation is provided, which is at least approximately transparent for the high-frequency measuring signals and which protects the in-coupling/out-coupling unit against influences of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: ENDRESS+HAUSER SE+CO. KG
    Inventors: Eric Bergmann, Klaus Feisst, Sr.
  • Patent number: 10116058
    Abstract: A method for operating system. The method includes emitting a plurality of beams and steering the plurality of beams. Each of the plurality of lenses includes a different phase profile. The method further includes transmitting the plurality of beams. Each of the plurality of beams comprises a different beam pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jungsuek Oh, Jianzhong Zhang
  • Patent number: 10090606
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, an antenna system that includes a plurality of dielectric members configured to propagate first guided electromagnetic waves. A dielectric antenna array is configured to receive the first guided electromagnetic waves and to transmit a controllable beam in response thereto. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, William Scott Taylor, Robert Bennett, Farhad Barzegar, Irwin Gerszberg, Donald J Barnickel, Thomas M. Willis, III
  • Patent number: 10090603
    Abstract: A lens is provided. The lens includes a first two-dimensional (2-D) grid of capacitive patches and a first sheet layer. The first sheet layer includes a dielectric sheet and a second 2-D grid of capacitive patches. The dielectric sheet has a front surface and a back surface. The first 2-D grid of capacitive patches is mounted directly on the back surface of the dielectric sheet, and the second 2-D grid of capacitive patches is mounted directly on the front surface of the dielectric sheet. The first 2-D grid of capacitive patches is aligned with the second 2-D grid of capacitive patches to form a time delay circuit at each grid position of the aligned 2-D grids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Nader Behdad, Meng Li
  • Patent number: 10084233
    Abstract: A modal antenna array is described where modal antenna elements capable of generating multiple radiation modes are used to form array radiation patterns. Nulls in the array radiation pattern can be formed and positioned by proper modal antenna element mode selection, with these nulls used to provide interference suppression or mitigation. The shift in array radiation pattern maxima generated by modal element mode selection can be used to improve communication system link quality by optimizing array radiation pattern characteristics. Specifically, a ring or circular array configuration is described where a simplified common feed port can be implemented to feed multiple modal antenna elements used to form the array. A switch can be used to connect or disconnect one modal element from the array, with this feature providing additional unique array beam states. The modal array can be commanded via a look-up table or algorithm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Ethertronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Laurent Desclos, Jeffrey Shamblin, Lynn Chiu, Abhishek Singh
  • Patent number: 10056692
    Abstract: An antenna includes a first body having a ring monopole and a second body positioned below the first body. The second body can have a plurality of notched ring resonators. A spacer can be positioned between the first and second bodies. In some embodiments, the second body can define an artificial ground. In addition, the ring resonators can be arranged and configured to generate a 180° phase difference between polarized waves so that a radiated wave from the ring monopole and a reflected wave from the artificial ground have orthogonal polarizations and a 90° phase difference to form a circularly polarized radiated wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Douglas H. Werner, Zhihao Jiang
  • Patent number: 10048369
    Abstract: In a radar assembly, a first dielectric member includes a dielectric outermost structural member of a vehicle. A radar device includes an antenna module, and a substantially tubular or domed radome. The radome includes a transmissive portion, and is disposed to cover the antenna module such that the transmitted radar wave passes through the transmissive portion. The transmissive portion is disposed behind the back surface of the first dielectric member with space thereto. A second dielectric member includes at least the transmissive portion, and is disposed to face the first dielectric member. A frequency-selective substrate passes a radar wave within a frequency band therethrough, and block radar waves outside the frequency band. The frequency-selective substrate is disposed such that its first surface is directly abutted onto the first dielectric member, and its second surface is directly abutted onto the second dielectric member to constitute a sandwich structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignees: DENSO CORPORATION, NAGOYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Yutaka Aoki, Kazuoki Matsugatani, Kunio Sakakibara
  • Patent number: 10038230
    Abstract: Arrangement of resonators in an aperiodic configurations are described, which can be used for electromagnetic cloaking of objects. The overall assembly of resonators, as structures, do not all repeat periodically and at least some of the resonators are spaced such that their phase centers are separated by more than a wavelength. The arrangements can include resonators of several different sizes and/or geometries arranged so that each size or geometry corresponds to a moderate or high “Q” response that resonates within a specific frequency range, and that arrangement within that specific grouping of akin elements is periodic in the overall structure. The relative spacing and arrangement of groupings can be defined by self similarity and origin symmetry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: July 31, 2018
    Assignee: Fractal Antenna Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Nathan Cohen
  • Patent number: 10024963
    Abstract: A system and method for detecting anomalies concealed upon a person may include a detection probe having an electromagnetic transmitter and an electromagnetic receiver. The electromagnetic transmitter is configured to emit electromagnetic pulses, while the electromagnetic receiver is configured to sample electromagnetic pulses from the electromagnetic receiver at specified times within a waveform window. The electromagnetic pulses may span the terahertz spectral region of 0.04 to 4 THz. The system may also have optical fibers connected to the electromagnetic transmitter and electromagnetic receiver, wherein femtosecond laser pulses are directed from a source to the electromagnetic transmitter and the electromagnetic receiver by the optical fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 17, 2018
    Assignee: PICOMETRIX LLC
    Inventor: David Zimdars
  • Patent number: 9985347
    Abstract: A radome for an antenna is provided as a composite of an isotropic outer layer and a structural layer of foamed polymer material. The composite is dimensioned to enclose an open end of the antenna. The radome may be retained upon the antenna by a retaining element and fasteners. The outer layer may be a polymer material with a water resistant characteristic. The structural layer may project inward and/or outward with respect to a plane of the seating surface of the radome.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 29, 2018
    Assignee: CommScope Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Ian Renilson, John S. Curran, Alastair D. Wright, Matthew Robert Lewry, Sharon Mackay, Slavi Rumenov Baev
  • Patent number: 9966647
    Abstract: A software defined antenna can include a light source and a photoconductive surface. The photoconductive surface can be two-dimensional or three-dimensional. A plurality of electrically isolated pixels can be embedded in the photoconductive surface. The antenna can further include a processor with computer software incorporated to manipulate the light source to selectively illuminate the surface matrix in a predetermined pattern. As the surface matrix becomes illuminated, the illuminated portion of the matrix surface electrically connects the pixels, resulting in the desired radiation pattern. The software can be manipulated to further manipulate the light source to change antenna frequency, gain and bandwidth parameters, as desired by the user. Similarly, the pixels can be selectively illuminated to cause a desired radiation pattern, such as circular, sector scan or raster patterns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Assignee: The United States of America, as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Paul David Swanson, Sam Chieh
  • Patent number: 9812786
    Abstract: A transmitarray, or radio frequency lens, can provide a large variation of time-delay. The transmitarray comprises a number of time-delay unit (TDU) cells that each have a capacitive patch and a rectangular wire loop separated by dielectric material. The rectangular wire loop allows current continuity to be maintained between adjacent TDU cells, even when different sized TDUs are included in the transmitarray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Senglee Foo
  • Patent number: 9806425
    Abstract: A leaky travelling wave array of elements provide a broadband radio frequency antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2017
    Assignee: AMI RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT, LLC
    Inventors: John T. Apostolos, Judy Feng, William Mouyos, Benjamin McMahon
  • Patent number: 9742074
    Abstract: A Cassegrain-type metamaterial antenna, includes: a metamaterial main reflector having a central through-hole, a feed source disposed in the central through-hole, and a sub-reflector disposed in front of the feed source, where an electromagnetic wave radiated by the feed source is emerged in a form of a plane wave after being reflected by the sub-reflector and the metamaterial main reflector in sequence; the metamaterial main reflector includes: a first core layer and a first reflection layer disposed on a rear surface of the first core layer, where the first core layer includes at least one first core layer lamella, and the first core layer lamella includes: a first base material and multiple first conductive geometric structures disposed on the first base material; and a far focus of the sub-reflector coincides with a phase center of the feed source. A paraboloid is replaced with a lamellar metamaterial main reflector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: KUANG-CHI INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY LTD.
    Inventors: Ruopeng Liu, Chunlin Ji, Yutao Yue
  • Patent number: 9722318
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, an antenna structure that includes a dielectric antenna comprising a dielectric feedline having a feed point, and a collar that facilitates aligning a port of a waveguide system to the feed point of the dielectric feedline for facilitating transmission or reception of electromagnetic waves exchanged between the port and the feed point of the dielectric feedline, the electromagnetic waves guided by the dielectric feedline without an electrical return path. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignee: AT&T INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY I, L.P.
    Inventors: Aldo Adriazola, Mitchell Harvey Fuchs, Paul Shala Henry, Donald J Barnickel, Farhad Barzegar, Robert Bennett, Irwin Gerszberg, Thomas M. Willis, III
  • Patent number: 9685711
    Abstract: A system and method for wirelessly transmitting signals via antenna phased array. In order to decrease the distance between individual antennae in the array, the antennae are submersed in a high dielectric material in addition to being arranged at right angles to one another, both features precluding one or more antennae from coupling. Furthermore, wires are covered in high dielectric material in order to refract RF signals around them, allowing antennae towards the center of the array to successfully transmit signals past other layers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2017
    Assignee: Ossia Inc.
    Inventor: Hatem Zeine
  • Patent number: 9677824
    Abstract: Systems according to the present disclosure provide one or more surfaces that function as heat or power radiating surfaces for which at least a portion of the radiating surface includes or is composed of “fractal cells” placed sufficiently closed close together to one another so that a surface (plasmonic) wave causes near replication of current present in one fractal cell in an adjacent fractal cell. A fractal of such a fractal cell can be of any suitable fractal shape and may have two or more iterations. The fractal cells may lie on a flat or curved sheet or layer and be composed in layers for wide bandwidth or multibandwidth transmission. The area of a surface and its number of fractals determines the gain relative to a single fractal cell. The boundary edges of the surface may be terminated resistively so as to not degrade the cell performance at the edges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: Fractal Antenna Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Nathan Cohen
  • Patent number: 9666953
    Abstract: Disclosed is a Cassegrain microwave antenna, which comprises a radiation source, a first metamaterial panel used for radiating an electromagnetic wave emitted by the radiation source, and a second metamaterial panel having an electromagnetic wave convergence feature and used for converting into plane wave the electromagnetic wave radiated by the first metamaterial panel. Employment of the principle of metamaterial for manufacturing the antenna allows the antenna to break away from restrictions of conventional concave lens shape, convex lens shape, and parabolic shape, thereby allowing the shape of the Cassegrain microwave antenna to be panel-shaped or any shape as desired, while allowing for reduced thickness, reduced size, and facilitated processing and manufacturing, thus providing beneficial effects of reduced costs and improved gain effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: KUANG-CHI INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY LTD.
    Inventors: Ruopeng Liu, Chunlin Ji, Yutao Yue, Xiaoming Yin
  • Patent number: 9638479
    Abstract: Systems according to the present disclosure provide one or more surfaces that function as heat or power radiating surfaces for which at least a portion of the radiating surface includes or is composed of “fractal cells” placed sufficiently closed close together to one another so that a surface (plasmonic) wave causes near replication of current present in one fractal cell in an adjacent fractal cell. A fractal of such a fractal cell can be of any suitable fractal shape and may have two or more iterations. The fractal cells may lie on a flat or curved sheet or layer and be composed in layers for wide bandwidth or multibandwidth transmission. The area of a surface and its number of fractals determines the gain relative to a single fractal cell. The boundary edges of the surface may be terminated resistively so as to not degrade the cell performance at the edges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2017
    Assignee: Fractal Antenna Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: Nathan Cohen
  • Patent number: 9595195
    Abstract: Electronic equipment in vehicles may transmit and receive wireless messages. Each wireless message that is transmitted by a transmitter may include information on the vehicle from which it is being transmitted, information on the location of the transmitter within the vehicle, and other vehicle status information. Receiving equipment in vehicles may be used to receive the transmitted messages. Received signal strength indicator information may be associated with the transmitted messages. Using the received signal strength indicator information and information on the locations of the transmitters within the vehicles in which the transmitters are installed, equipment in a receiving vehicle may determine locations for nearby vehicles. Alerts may be presented to a driver of a vehicle and other suitable actions may be taken based on the locations of nearby vehicles, vehicle type information, and other information regarding traffic in the vicinity of the driver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Devrim Varoglu, Ravisastry Parupudi
  • Patent number: 9583840
    Abstract: A zoom antenna includes an ordinary pyramidal horn antenna with either a coaxial or waveguide feed and two parallel plate waveguide lenses (commonly referred to as “metal plate lenses”) positioned with their optical axes collinear with the boresight of the pyramidal horn antenna and aligned with their plates parallel to the electric field vector. The zoom antenna outputs a collimated microwave beam having a diameter varied by translation of the lenses along boresight relative to each other and relative to the phase center of the horn antenna. The zoom antenna can be rotated to vary the azimuth and elevation angles of the collimated microwave beam produced therefrom, to thereby aim the beam in any direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 28, 2017
    Assignee: THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AS REPRESENTED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE AIR FORCE
    Inventor: Julie E. Lawrance
  • Patent number: 9538253
    Abstract: A method and system for capturing, storing, and streaming over the air broadcasts based on user requests is disclosed. The system and method utilize subarrays of antenna elements for receiving over the air broadcasts. Processing pipelines are used to demodulate, transcode and index the content transmissions to produce content data that are streamed to users. In this way, the feeds from antennas can be accessed by users over a network connection.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2017
    Assignee: RPX Corporation
    Inventors: Chaitanya Kanojia, Joseph Thaddeus Lipowski
  • Patent number: 9531080
    Abstract: A phase conversion device, which converts an electromagnetic wave into a right-handed circularly polarized wave and a left-handed circularly polarized wave to attenuate electric and magnetic effects, includes first, second, and third layers. The first layer includes a ½ lambda wavelength plate. The second layer includes a ¼ lambda wavelength plate. The third layer includes a ½ lambda wavelength plate. The device is effective to reduce an influence of the electromagnetic wave on an electric field and a magnetic field. The device may be portable and useable to reduce an influence of electromagnetic waves on a human body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 27, 2016
    Inventor: Kiyotaka Wakitani
  • Patent number: 9515388
    Abstract: Present configuration concerns microelectronics; for instance, compact antenna devices applied in mobile communications and other equipment operating in millimeter range. The controlled lens antenna apparatus may include antenna elements in an integrated circuit configured to transmit beams. The apparatus may also include a dielectric lens antenna configured to generate a plane wave based in the beams transmitted. The apparatus may include a plate configured to deflect the generated plane wave at a random angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Alexander Guennadievich Chernokalov, Artem Yurievich Nikishov, Maria Andreevna Dunaeva
  • Patent number: 9397401
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a magnetic antenna for information communication using a magnetic field component which is capable of satisfying both reduction in size and improvement in communication sensitivity. The magnetic antenna of the present invention is used for transmitting and receiving information using an electromagnetic induction method, and comprises a central core formed of a magnetic material and a non-magnetic material, a coil-shaped electrode material wound around the core, and an insulating layer formed on at least one outside surface of the core on which the coil-shaped electrode material is provided, in which the magnetic material is separated into two or more parts through the non-magnetic material when viewed in a section of the core which is perpendicular to a magnetic flux passing therethrough.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: TODA KOGYO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Koujima, Tetsuya Kimura, Takanori Doi, Yoshiro Sato
  • Patent number: RE48098
    Abstract: Thermoplastic resin foamed particles of the present invention including more than one or more functional additive selected from inorganic powder and inorganic fibers each includes a core layer formed of a thermoplastic resin and a coating layer in a foamed state formed of a thermoplastic resin, the mass ratio of the coating layer to the core layer is 99:1 to 50:50, the content (X) of the functional additive in the core layer is 5 to 90% by mass, and the content of the functional additive in the coating layer is smaller than the content (X) of the functional additive in the core layer. By this way, thermoplastic resin foamed particles from which a homogeneous foamed particle molding having excellent dimension stability, fusibility and appearance can be obtained while containing functional additive are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Chiba, Masaharu Oikawa