With Spaced Or External Radio Wave Refractor (e.g., Lens) Patents (Class 343/753)
  • Patent number: 11309635
    Abstract: An antenna unit including an antenna array having a plurality of antennas and a lens plate comprising a mask pattern. The antenna array defines a first plane, and the lens plate defines a second plane. The lens plate is spaced apart from the antenna array, and the second plane is parallel to the first plane. The mask pattern is configured to focus first waves incident on the lens plate through diffraction to a region of the antenna array. The first waves are incident on the lens plate at a first angle relative to an axis normal to the second plane. The mask pattern is configured to focus second waves incident on the lens plate through diffraction to the first region of the antenna array. The second waves are incident on the lens plate at a second angle relative to the axis that is different from the first angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 19, 2022
    Assignee: Corning Incorporated
    Inventors: Nicholas Francis Borrelli, Wageesha Senaratne, Aramais Robert Zakharian
  • Patent number: 11276931
    Abstract: The invention relates to an antenna device having a printed circuit board and at least one antenna radiator which is arranged on the printed circuit board and can be excited by the printed circuit board or a coupling window arranged thereupon, which radiator is designed in such a manner that it comprises at least two polarisations, which are preferably orthogonal to each other, and at least two resonance frequency ranges which are continuous or different to one another and at an interval from one another, wherein the antenna radiator comprises: at least one first dielectric body mounted on the printed circuit board and designed as a resonator, having a first relative permittivity, at least one second dielectric body designed as, having a second relative permittivity, wherein the first relative permittivity is greater than the second relative permittivity and wherein the second dielectric body is formed in such a manner that it is arranged over the at least one first dielectric body in such a manner that it bu
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignee: TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ERICSSON (PUBL)
    Inventors: Andreas Vollmer, Maximilian Göttl
  • Patent number: 11223111
    Abstract: Systems and methods for deploying an extendable reflector structure. The methods comprise: transitioning the extendable reflector structure from a stored configuration to a deployed configuration; and causing expansion of a pantograph coupling structure while the extendable reflector structure is being transitioned from the stored configuration to the deployed configuration. The pantograph coupling structure indirectly couples the extendable reflector structure to a boom such that a beam produced by the extendable reflector structure during operation is offset from a focal axis of the extendable reflector structure by a certain amount.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2022
    Assignee: EAGLE TECHNOLOGY, LLC
    Inventors: Robert M. Taylor, Timothy L. Fetterman, Philip J. Henderson
  • Patent number: 11145970
    Abstract: Various embodiments of the present disclosure provide an antenna device, which comprises: a radiator for receiving a power supply signal; multiple tuning units disposed adjacently to or on the radiator, wherein the tuning units are short-circuited to the radiator or adjacent tuning units are selectively short-circuited to each other. The antenna device as described above can be variously implemented according to embodiments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2021
    Inventors: Kwang-Hyun Baek, Seung-Tae Ko, Yoon-Geon Kim, Won-Bin Hong
  • Patent number: 11129077
    Abstract: Networking devices may allow for directed wireless communication. Such devices may comprise a movable antenna within a spherical housing having different ports associated with different positions, and may direct wireless communication beams in different directions to provide access to different zones by moving the antenna. A user may configure a system to prioritize or restrict zones or devices based on criteria. This prioritization may facilitate tiered services among users or devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: Comcast Cable Communications, LLC
    Inventors: William Bellis, Christine Compton, Nirav Dave, Adam Eng, David Eng, Brendan Lavery, Tamara Nowakowski, Anupama Vaidya
  • Patent number: 11114750
    Abstract: A satellite antenna includes first and second extensible booms and first and second sets of ribs carried by the respective first and second extensible booms. A Radio Frequency (RF) reflective film is carried by the first and second sets of ribs. First and second phased array antenna feeds are carried by the respective first and second extensible booms and directed toward the RF reflective film. First and second sets of fiducial devices are carried by the respective first and second sets of ribs. At least one camera is directed toward the first and second sets of fiducial devices to sense a physical distortion of the RF reflective film. A controller cooperates with the at least one camera to operate the first and second sets of phased array antenna feeds to account for sensed physical distortion of the RF reflective film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: EAGLE TECHNOLOGY, LLC
    Inventors: Gregory M. Turner, Robert M. Taylor, Timothy L. Fetterman, Richard A. Salyer
  • Patent number: 11114768
    Abstract: An antenna system that includes a lens portion having a radiation-side curved surface and a feed-side reception surface, the lens portion structured to focus radio frequency radiations entering from the radiation-side curved surface on a focal point located at the feed reception surface and one or more antenna elements at or near the focal point, the one or more antenna elements being separated from each other by a fractional multiple of a center wavelength of a frequency band of operation, and each antenna element communicatively coupled to one or more radio frequency transmit and/or receive chain and being able to transmit and/or receive data from the radio frequency transmit chain according to a transmission scheme.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2021
    Assignee: Cohere Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Shlomo Rakib
  • Patent number: 11050158
    Abstract: A Luneburg antenna device includes a dielectric lens and an array antenna. The dielectric lens is a laminate of a plurality of disc members having distribution of permittivity varying with respect to its radial direction. Each of the disc members includes a planar section in which a thickness dimension of a radially outer area is smaller than a thickness dimension of a radially inner area and a fin section which extends in a radial manner from a central portion of the planar section toward a radially outer side and in which a radially inner area and a radially outer area have the same thickness dimension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2021
    Assignee: MURATA MANUFACTURING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hiroshi Nishida, Ryoichi Kubo
  • Patent number: 11016574
    Abstract: A wearable electromagnetic, EM, apparatus includes: at least one antenna operable in a millimeter-wave-radar-based, MWRB, application; at least one computer processor disposed in signal communication with the at least one antenna; an attachment system configured and adapted to attach to an actor; the at least one antenna and the at least one computer processor disposed in a supported relationship with the attachment system, such that the attachment system with the supported at least one antenna and the at least one computer processor at least partially forms a wearable apparatus that is wearable by the actor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 25, 2021
    Assignee: ROGERS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shawn P. Williams, Gianni Taraschi, Sara G. Canzano, Kristi Pance, Christopher Brown, Karl E. Sprentall, Roshin Rose George
  • Patent number: 10996252
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a measurement of radio-frequency signals by a measurement arrangement comprising a radio-frequency lens for mapping a vertex of a reflector to a virtual vertex. Accordingly, measurement of radio-frequency signals may be performed either at the vertex of the reflector or the virtual vertex generated by means of the radio-frequency lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: ROHDE & SCHWARZ GMBH & CO. KG
    Inventors: Corbett Rowell, Vincent Abadie, Adam Tankielun
  • Patent number: 10992052
    Abstract: Antenna lens structures, and antenna systems including the lens structures. In one example, an antenna lens apparatus includes a shell made of a first material having a first dielectric constant, the shell defining an interior cavity, and a second material disposed within and at least partially filling the cavity, the second material having a second dielectric constant higher than the first dielectric constant. The shell defines a shape of the lens, and the second material may be a powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 27, 2021
    Assignee: ASTRONICS AEROSAT CORPORATION
    Inventors: Eric W. Kratzenberg, Joseph A. Hoell, Jr., John W. Berrigan
  • Patent number: 10971823
    Abstract: Provided herein are artificial dielectric materials comprising a plurality of sheets of a dielectric material and a plurality of short conductive tubes placed in the sheets of the dielectric material, wherein the sheets of the dielectric material containing the short conductive tubes are separated by sheets of the dielectric material without the short conductive tubes, and wherein axes of the tubes are orientated along at least two different directions. Also provided are methods for manufacture of such materials and cylindrical focusing lenses comprising such artificial dielectric materials. The artificial dielectric materials, lenses and their manufacture may provide desirable dielectric properties compared with known materials and manufacturing advantages.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: April 6, 2021
    Assignee: VASANT LIMITED
    Inventor: Victor Aleksandrovich Sledkov
  • Patent number: 10944174
    Abstract: An antenna unit and an antenna device are provided. The antenna unit comprises a first substrate, a signal line, a first electrode, a second electrode, and an auxiliary electrode. The first substrate has a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface. The signal line is located on the first surface of the first substrate. The first electrode is located on the second surface of the first substrate. The first electrode is overlapped with the signal line. The first electrode is ring-shape. The second electrode has a through hole. An accommodating space of the through hole is overlapped with the first electrode. The auxiliary electrode is overlapped with the accommodating space of the through hole and the first electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: Au Optronics Corporation
    Inventors: Yi-Chen Hsieh, Yi-Hsiang Lai, Ching-Huan Lin
  • Patent number: 10923828
    Abstract: A lens elements array comprises at least two lens elements aligned along an alignment axis. Each lens element includes a spherical lens and a feed element. The feed elements are tilted such that the RF signals generated by the feed elements have major axes form an angle (preferably between 5° and 30°) other than a perpendicular angle with respect to the alignment axis. The combined RF signals produced collectively by these feed elements have amplitude that has minimal dips across the array. The feed elements that are farther away from the center of the array have higher levels of tilts than the feed elements that are closer to the center of the array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Matsing, Inc.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10916825
    Abstract: A technique for a dielectric lens and an antenna assembly. The dielectric lens that includes a for a reference surface and a pattern of varying thicknesses made from a first dielectric. The pattern of varying thicknesses is situated on the reference surface. The thickness differences between adjacent formations of the pattern of varying thicknesses is less than an incident wavelength of electromagnetic energy. The antenna includes mounting fixture, the dielectric lens connected to the mounting fixture, and a transceiver operatively coupled to the mounting fixture. The transceiver is configured to transmit an electromagnetic signal directed to the dielectric lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: Orbital Composites, Inc.
    Inventor: Cole Nielsen-Cole
  • Patent number: 10916863
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, an antenna system that includes a selector and a dielectric antenna array. The selector is coupled to a number of dielectric cores and selectively launches electromagnetic waves on a selected dielectric core of the dielectric cores. The selected dielectric core corresponds to one of the dielectric cores, and the electromagnetic waves propagate along the selected dielectric core without requiring an electrical return path. The dielectric antenna array is coupled to the dielectric cores and includes a number of dielectric antennas, wherein a dielectric antenna of the dielectric antennas transmits, in response to the electromagnetic waves received from the selected dielectric core, a controllable beam. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, William Scott Taylor, Robert Bennett, Farhad Barzegar, Irwin Gerszberg, Donald J. Barnickel, Thomas M. Willis, III
  • Patent number: 10910722
    Abstract: An electromagnetic device includes: a dielectric structure having: a first dielectric portion, FDP, having a proximal end and a distal end, the FDP having a dielectric material other than air; and a second dielectric portion, SDP, having a proximal end and a distal end, the proximal end of the SDP being disposed proximate the distal end of the FDP, the SDP having a dielectric material other than air; and wherein the dielectric material of the FDP has an average dielectric constant that is greater than the average dielectric constant of the dielectric material of the SDP.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: ROGERS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kristi Pance, Gianni Taraschi, Roshin Rose George
  • Patent number: 10868357
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention include a base station that includes a central transceiver unit (CTU) having a plurality of transceiver cores and a substrate. A printed circuit board (PCB) supports the substrate and at least one antenna unit is coupled to the PCB with at least one of a cable and a waveguide. The at least one antenna unit transmits and receives communications at a frequency of approximately 4 GHz or higher.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Georgios C. Dogiamis, Sasha N. Oster, Telesphor Kamgaing
  • Patent number: 10811768
    Abstract: A method for utilising an array of independently controllable dielectric lenses for radio signal to allow a single antenna to be focussed on one location with a highly directive beam or on more than one location thus enable radio links to be formed with multiple locations. Within the array, each lens will consist of a shaped piece of dielectric material that can be independently, or in groups, pointed in such a direction as to change the direction of the radio signals passing through the lens. The lens will have a shape equivalent to a converging lens which may be a convex shape. Other forms of converging lens may be implemented save space and material. The antenna will have a low gain, wide area of reception and may be implemented as a planar metal antenna or as a group of planar antennas in an array. This invention provides a lightweight system for providing high gain antenna performance without the need for a complex antenna array system or the need for multiple transceiver electronics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: AERONET GLOBAL COMMUNICATIONS LABS DAC
    Inventors: Brian Russell, Ronan Farrell
  • Patent number: 10782389
    Abstract: A device includes a circuit board having thereon, a controlling component, a first radar chip and a second radar chip. The first radar chip includes a first radar transmission antenna, a second radar transmission antenna and a first radar receiver antenna array. The second radar chip includes a second radar receiver antenna array. The controlling component can control the first radar chip and the second radar chip. The first radar transmission antenna can transmit a first radar transmission signal. The second radar transmission antenna can transmit a second radar transmission signal. The second radar chip is spaced from the first radar chip so as to create a virtual receiver antenna array between the first radar receiver antenna array and the second radar receiver antenna array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Sandeep Rao, Karthik Ramasubramanian, Brian Ginsburg, Jawaharial Tangudu, Karthik Subburaj
  • Patent number: 10777903
    Abstract: A multi-beam antenna includes: a focusing system having a concave mirror; a radiating device, which is intended for irradiating the concave mirror, includes a two-dimensional radiator array, is disposed at a distance from the concave mirror and covers the projection area of beams at this distance; and a beam forming system. The radiating device includes at least one sub-array of radiators which provides one beam in a set direction. For each such beam, the beam forming system provides, for each radiator in the corresponding sub-array, amplitude-time parameters of the signal being transmitted such as to form a non-planar wavefront, which is equidistant across the concave mirror to a planar wavefront of the beam, wherein the radiating surface of the radiator array is situated outside the region of self-intersection of the non-planar wavefronts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2020
    Inventors: Evgenij Petrovich Basnev, Anatolij Vasilevich Vovk
  • Patent number: 10644408
    Abstract: An element section includes at least one antenna element transmitting/receiving radio waves. Refracting sections refract unnecessary waves, which are radio waves emitted from the element section and traveling away from a detection area, in a rearward direction in which the unnecessary waves travel further than an antenna-formed surface having the at least one antenna element of the element section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: DENSO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshiya Sakai, Kazumasa Sakurai, Kazushi Kawaguchi, Yuji Sugimoto, Asahi Kondo
  • Patent number: 10641867
    Abstract: A sensing system for a vehicle includes a control and sensor disposed at the vehicle. The sensor includes a plurality of antennas, which includes transmitting antennas and receiving antennas. The plurality of antennas includes a two-dimensional antenna array having a rhombus grid arrangement of antennas. Outputs of the antennas are communicated to the control, and the control, responsive to the outputs of the antennas, determines the presence of one or more objects exterior the vehicle and within the field of sensing of the antennas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2020
    Assignee: MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC.
    Inventor: Holger Hess
  • Patent number: 10631753
    Abstract: A blood glucose tracking system and method measures emitted microwave energy transmitted to and accepted by blood vessels in a desired target area of a patient in order to determine, in real time and in vivo, appropriate blood glucose levels. A measurement unit comprises a transmitter operatively connected to an antenna to deliver energy towards appropriate subcutaneous blood vessels. The measurement unit determines an accepted energy power value in the blood vessels associated with the desired target area. This measurement energy power value is compared with a calibration value, and the difference is used to determine a resultant blood glucose value. The determined blood glucose value may further be acclimatized using additional sensed values compensating for biological and ambient factors relevant to the patient. The final determined blood glucose value can be displayed for reading and/or transmitted and stored for recording for further reference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2020
    Inventor: Arnold Chase
  • Patent number: 10601137
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of a dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) or array of DRAs, the DRA having: an electrically conductive ground structure; a plurality of volumes of dielectric materials disposed on the ground structure having N volumes, N being an integer equal to or greater than 3, disposed to form successive and sequential layered volumes V(i), i being an integer from 1 to N, wherein volume V(1) forms an innermost volume, wherein a successive volume V(i+1) forms a layered shell disposed over and at least partially embedding volume V(i), wherein volume V(N) at least partially embeds all volumes V(1) to V(N?1); and, a signal feed disposed and structured to be electromagnetically coupled to one or more of the plurality of volumes of dielectric materials. The method including molding at least one of the plurality of volumes of the dielectric material, or all of the volumes of the dielectric material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2020
    Assignee: ROGERS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kristi Pance, Karl Sprentall, Shawn P. Williams, Robert C. Daigle
  • Patent number: 10587035
    Abstract: A reflector assembly including a truss engaging the first net at a first plurality of points along the first net perimeter edge and engaging a second net at a second plurality of points along the second net perimeter edge. A truss deployment assembly moves the truss between a truss stowed condition and a truss deployed condition, the truss in the truss deployed condition tensioning said first net or said second net to maintain a substantially flat or parabolic net outer surface. A reflector disposed at the first net sends or receives remote data.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: TENDEG LLC
    Inventors: Gregg E. Freebury, Neal J Beidleman
  • Patent number: 10541476
    Abstract: An antenna array system includes a feed antenna and circuit boards. Each circuit board has pickup antenna elements disposed on a curved edge portion of a first edge of the circuit board, radiating elements disposed on a second edge portion of the circuit board, and transmit receive modules disposed between the pickup elements and the radiating elements on the circuit board. The antenna array can be part of an active electronically scanned array (AESA) antenna assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC.
    Inventors: James B. West, Jeremiah D. Wolf, Aimee M. Matland
  • Patent number: 10454179
    Abstract: Several embodiments of systems and methods are described for a compound structure consisting of a compact conformal surface-wave antenna feed structure attached to a conformal surface-wave antenna. The feed structure is an Artificial Impedance Surface (AIS) which takes as input an arbitrary source, converts it into a desired surface-wave waveform, which then feeds its output into the attached conformal surface-wave antenna for optimal radiation performance. The feed structure can be made up of several sizes and shapes of AIS metal patches and can produce plane isotropic as well as anisotropic surface-wave output. The surface-wave antenna can be a radiating hologram made up of the same AIS metallic patches as the feed structure and fabricated on the same dielectric substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2019
    Assignee: HRL Laboratories, LLC
    Inventors: Adour V. Kabakian, Amit M Patel
  • Patent number: 10439290
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, a communication device having a dielectric antenna, a radio housing, a hollow waveguide and an antenna stabilizer. The radio housing can enclose a transmitter that generates electromagnetic waves. The hollow waveguide can have a cavity therethrough to facilitate transmission of the electromagnetic waves to a feed point of the dielectric antenna for guidance of the electromagnetic waves without requiring an electrical return path, where the electromagnetic waves generate near-field wireless signals. The antenna stabilizer can facilitate coupling the hollow waveguide to the feed point of the dielectric antenna. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2019
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Aldo Adriazola, David M. Britz, Farhad Barzegar, Paul Shala Henry, Robert Bennett, Irwin Gerszberg, Thomas M. Willis, III, Donald J. Barnickel
  • Patent number: 10374320
    Abstract: Embodiments discussed herein refer to systems and structures for focusing dispersal of electromagnetic signals. Focusing of the electromagnetic signals is achieved by a reflective lens that is constructed from several extremely high frequency focusing layers. Each focusing layer can include an extremely high frequency focusing window that, collectively, define the geometry of a cavity backed reflective lens and its ability to focus electromagnetic signal dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: KEYSSA SYSTEMS, INC.
    Inventors: Dennis F. Rosenauer, Giriraj Mantrawadi
  • Patent number: 10326208
    Abstract: A radio frequency antenna uses an array of spherical lens and mechanically movable radio frequency (RF) elements along the surface of the spherical lens to provide cellular coverage for a narrow geographical area. The antenna includes at least two spherical lens, where each spherical lens has at least one associated element assembly. Each element assembly has a track that curves along the contour of the exterior surface of the spherical lens and along which a radio frequency (RF) element can move. The antenna also includes a phase shifter configured to adjust a phase of the signals produced by the RF elements. The antenna includes a control mechanism configured to enable a user to move the RF elements along their respective tracks, and automatically configure the phase shifter to modify a phase of the output signals from the elements based on the relative positions between the RF elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2019
    Assignee: Matsing Inc.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10288478
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a metal-metal interdigitated photoconductive antenna that generates and/or detects terahertz waves, the photoconductive antenna comprising at least one substrate (1) and at least one electrode (2) on the front face of the substrate (1), wherein said photoconductive antenna comprises at least one layer (4) formed of a material reflective to terahertz waves, said layer (4) extending below the front face of the substrate (1) at a distance lower than the wavelength; and it comprises an interdigitated geometry on said front face of the substrate (1) comprising a first metallization layer of 5 nm Cr and 150 nm Au for the interdigitated electrodes (2), equally spaced by a distance ?, is made on said front face of the substrate (1); a 500 nm-thick layer of SiO2 (5) deposited over the first metallization layer; and a second metallic layer composed of metallic fingers (6) covering gaps with a periodicity double that of the distance ?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Assignees: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, ECOLE NORMALE SUPERIEURE
    Inventors: Sukhdeep Dhillon, Kenneth Maussang
  • Patent number: 10283835
    Abstract: A deployable structure for use in establishing a reflectarray antenna is provided that includes a flexible reflectarray and a deployment structure that includes an endless pantograph for deploying the flexible reflectarray from a folded, undeployed state towards a deployed state in which the flexible reflectarray is substantially planar. In a particular embodiment, the deployment structure includes a plurality of tapes that engage the endless pantograph and are used to establish a positional relationship between the deployed reflectarray and another component of the reflectarray antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: MMA Design, LLC
    Inventors: Thomas J. Harvey, Toby J. Harvey, Mitchell T. Wiens, Mark A. Bailey, Shane E. Stamm, Christopher A. Pelzmann
  • Patent number: 10270182
    Abstract: Provided is a metamaterial-based polarization converter in which a reception antenna and a transmission antenna are formed by using a metamaterial, to thus emit an incident non-polarized or polarized electromagnetic wave in an angle-converted polarization direction. The metamaterial-based electromagnetic wave polarization converter includes: a reception antenna made of a metamaterial and allowing incident electromagnetic waves to resonate at a surface of the reception antenna to generate a surface current; a transmission antenna at a rear side of the reception antenna, and made of an angle-converted metamaterial to thus allow the electromagnetic waves transferred from the reception antenna to resonate to then be emitted in a polarization direction; and a connector made of a conductive material that connects the reception antenna and the transmission antenna, to thereby transfer a surface current generated from the reception antenna to the transmission antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: GWANGJU INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Jae Hyung Jang, Jeong min Woo
  • Patent number: 10263342
    Abstract: One embodiment describes a reflectarray antenna system. The system includes an antenna feed configured to at least one of transmit and receive a wireless signal occupying a frequency band. The system also includes a reflector comprising a reflectarray. The reflectarray includes a plurality of reflectarray elements, where each of the reflectarray elements includes a dipole element. The dipole element of at least a portion of the plurality of reflectarray elements comprises a crossed-dipole portion and a looped-dipole portion. The plurality of reflectarray elements can be configured to selectively phase-delay the wireless signal to provide the wireless signal as a coherent beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2019
    Assignee: NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Thomas H. Hand, Michael E. Cooley, David Sall, Gary L. Kempic
  • Patent number: 10249951
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a multi-beam antenna is described. The multi-beam antenna includes a reflector having a single reflector surface defining a first focal region and a second focal region. A first feed group is located within the first focal region. The first feed group includes a first feed oriented relative to the reflector define a first beam pointed in a first direction. The multi-beam antenna further includes a fixed attachment mechanism attaching the first feed group to the reflector such that a position of the first feed group is fixed relative to the reflector. The multi-beam antenna further includes a second feed group located within the second focal region. The second feed group includes a second feed oriented relative to the reflector to define a second beam pointed in a second direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: VIASAT, INC.
    Inventors: Donald L Runyon, Sharad V Parekh
  • Patent number: 10236577
    Abstract: An antenna for a level meter and a method for operating such an antenna. The antenna has an antenna housing, at least one supply element and at least one lens, the lens having at least first and second lens surfaces. The supply element guides coupled electromagnetic radiation and emits electromagnetic radiation in the direction of the first lens surface. The electromagnetic radiation received via the first lens surface can be relayed and emitted via the second lens surface. The lens is formed at least in part of a porous material, wherein the porous material connects the first lens surface and the second lens surface to one another, and a flushing device is provided for impinging the lens with a medium that passes through the porous material and through the second lens surface via the first lens surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2019
    Assignee: KROHNE MESSTECHNIK GMBH
    Inventors: Mathias Linkies, Almir Adrovic
  • Patent number: 10230166
    Abstract: A reconfigurable antenna comprises a plurality of antenna feed elements, a plurality of plasma switches respectively associated with the antenna feed elements, and control circuitry for independently operating the plasma switches to selectively activate and deactivate the antenna feed elements. Each plasma switch may comprise a volume of inert gas, and a pair of electrodes spanning the respective volume of inert gas. The reconfigurable antenna may comprise a power supply for supplying a voltage to the pair of electrodes of each of plasma switch sufficient to ignite the respective inert gas volume into a plasma field to deactivate the respective antenna feed element. Each plasma switch may optionally be operated to attenuate each antenna feed element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2019
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Larry L. Savage, Ted R. Dabrowski, Colin A. Diehl, John D. Williams, Enrique J. Ruiz
  • Patent number: 10224635
    Abstract: A radio frequency antenna uses an array of spherical lens and mechanically movable radio frequency (RF) elements along the surface of the spherical lens to provide cellular coverage for a narrow geographical area. The antenna includes at least two spherical lenses, where each spherical lens has an associated element assembly. Each element assembly has a track that curves along the contour of the exterior surface of the spherical lens and along which a radio frequency (RF) element can move. The antenna also includes a phase shifter configured to adjust a phase of the signals produced by the RF elements. The antenna includes a control mechanism configured to enable a user to move the RF elements along their respective tracks, and automatically configure the phase shifter to modify a phase of the output signals from the elements based on the relative positions between the RF elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2019
    Assignee: MATSING, INC.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10205215
    Abstract: A vehicle includes a vehicle body, a drive mechanism, a windshield, an antenna part provided in a vehicle interior, and a reflection suppression layer including a dielectric layer that closely adheres to a surface on the antenna part side of the windshield. The dielectric layer has a refractive index that is lower than a refractive index of a glass layer of the windshield and higher than a refractive index of air. The dielectric layer has a thickness that allows reflection of the transmission wave to be suppressed by interference between a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on an interface on the opposite side of the innermost glass layer of the windshield to the antenna part side, and a reflected wave generated by reflection of the transmission wave on a surface on the antenna part side of the dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: NIDEC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Akito Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Kamo, Masahiro Shindo
  • Patent number: 10193227
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a waveguide transition structure for receiving satellite signals, which can be implemented in a low noise block down-converter. In some embodiments of the present disclosure, the low noise block down-converter includes a feed horn structure having at least a first waveguide extending along a first direction, a housing having at least a second waveguide extending along a second direction and communicating with the first waveguide, and a circuit board positioned within the housing. The second direction is substantially not in parallel to the first direction. The circuit board has a receiving pin configure to receive microwave signals propagating in the second waveguide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2019
    Assignee: MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY, INC.
    Inventors: Kuotien Chang, Yenfen Lin, Yu-Chih Wu
  • Patent number: 10177459
    Abstract: A dual-band antenna panel comprises a plurality of dual-band radiating cells operating independently for a first frequency in a first frequency band and a second frequency in a second frequency band, the first frequency band being higher than the second frequency band, each of the radiating cells exhibiting a distinct feed to the first and to the second frequency. The antenna panel comprises radiating cells disposed according to a mesh dimensioned with respect to the first frequency band, and wherein the feeds to the second frequency of the radiating cells are clustered in packets within combiners having a single feed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: THALES
    Inventor: Olivier Maas
  • Patent number: 10113899
    Abstract: An apparatus for determining or monitoring the fill level of a fill substance located in a container in a process, comprising: a signal producing unit; an in-coupling/out-coupling unit an antenna unit; wherein the antenna unit has a hollow conductor and an antenna element widening toward the fill substance and the antenna unit transmits high-frequency measuring signals in the direction of the surface of the fill substance and receives echo signals reflected on the surface of the fill substance; and a control/evaluation unit, which ascertains the fill level of the fill substance in the container based on travel time of the measuring signals. In or on the antenna unit a process isolation is provided, which is at least approximately transparent for the high-frequency measuring signals and which protects the in-coupling/out-coupling unit against influences of the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: ENDRESS+HAUSER SE+CO. KG
    Inventors: Eric Bergmann, Klaus Feisst, Sr.
  • Patent number: 10116058
    Abstract: A method for operating system. The method includes emitting a plurality of beams and steering the plurality of beams. Each of the plurality of lenses includes a different phase profile. The method further includes transmitting the plurality of beams. Each of the plurality of beams comprises a different beam pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 30, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Jungsuek Oh, Jianzhong Zhang
  • Patent number: 10090606
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, an antenna system that includes a plurality of dielectric members configured to propagate first guided electromagnetic waves. A dielectric antenna array is configured to receive the first guided electromagnetic waves and to transmit a controllable beam in response thereto. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, William Scott Taylor, Robert Bennett, Farhad Barzegar, Irwin Gerszberg, Donald J Barnickel, Thomas M. Willis, III
  • Patent number: 10090603
    Abstract: A lens is provided. The lens includes a first two-dimensional (2-D) grid of capacitive patches and a first sheet layer. The first sheet layer includes a dielectric sheet and a second 2-D grid of capacitive patches. The dielectric sheet has a front surface and a back surface. The first 2-D grid of capacitive patches is mounted directly on the back surface of the dielectric sheet, and the second 2-D grid of capacitive patches is mounted directly on the front surface of the dielectric sheet. The first 2-D grid of capacitive patches is aligned with the second 2-D grid of capacitive patches to form a time delay circuit at each grid position of the aligned 2-D grids.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: WISCONSIN ALUMNI RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Nader Behdad, Meng Li
  • Patent number: 10084233
    Abstract: A modal antenna array is described where modal antenna elements capable of generating multiple radiation modes are used to form array radiation patterns. Nulls in the array radiation pattern can be formed and positioned by proper modal antenna element mode selection, with these nulls used to provide interference suppression or mitigation. The shift in array radiation pattern maxima generated by modal element mode selection can be used to improve communication system link quality by optimizing array radiation pattern characteristics. Specifically, a ring or circular array configuration is described where a simplified common feed port can be implemented to feed multiple modal antenna elements used to form the array. A switch can be used to connect or disconnect one modal element from the array, with this feature providing additional unique array beam states. The modal array can be commanded via a look-up table or algorithm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Assignee: Ethertronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Laurent Desclos, Jeffrey Shamblin, Lynn Chiu, Abhishek Singh
  • Patent number: 10056692
    Abstract: An antenna includes a first body having a ring monopole and a second body positioned below the first body. The second body can have a plurality of notched ring resonators. A spacer can be positioned between the first and second bodies. In some embodiments, the second body can define an artificial ground. In addition, the ring resonators can be arranged and configured to generate a 180° phase difference between polarized waves so that a radiated wave from the ring monopole and a reflected wave from the artificial ground have orthogonal polarizations and a 90° phase difference to form a circularly polarized radiated wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: The Penn State Research Foundation
    Inventors: Douglas H. Werner, Zhihao Jiang
  • Patent number: 10048369
    Abstract: In a radar assembly, a first dielectric member includes a dielectric outermost structural member of a vehicle. A radar device includes an antenna module, and a substantially tubular or domed radome. The radome includes a transmissive portion, and is disposed to cover the antenna module such that the transmitted radar wave passes through the transmissive portion. The transmissive portion is disposed behind the back surface of the first dielectric member with space thereto. A second dielectric member includes at least the transmissive portion, and is disposed to face the first dielectric member. A frequency-selective substrate passes a radar wave within a frequency band therethrough, and block radar waves outside the frequency band. The frequency-selective substrate is disposed such that its first surface is directly abutted onto the first dielectric member, and its second surface is directly abutted onto the second dielectric member to constitute a sandwich structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignees: DENSO CORPORATION, NAGOYA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Yutaka Aoki, Kazuoki Matsugatani, Kunio Sakakibara
  • Patent number: RE48098
    Abstract: Thermoplastic resin foamed particles of the present invention including more than one or more functional additive selected from inorganic powder and inorganic fibers each includes a core layer formed of a thermoplastic resin and a coating layer in a foamed state formed of a thermoplastic resin, the mass ratio of the coating layer to the core layer is 99:1 to 50:50, the content (X) of the functional additive in the core layer is 5 to 90% by mass, and the content of the functional additive in the coating layer is smaller than the content (X) of the functional additive in the core layer. By this way, thermoplastic resin foamed particles from which a homogeneous foamed particle molding having excellent dimension stability, fusibility and appearance can be obtained while containing functional additive are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: JSP CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takuya Chiba, Masaharu Oikawa