With Scanning, Sweeping, Or Orienting Patents (Class 343/754)
  • Patent number: 10784571
    Abstract: A low-loss millimeter-wave radome is provided. The low-loss millimeter wave radome includes a perforated and plated metallic plate and a low-loss dielectric encapsulation material to encapsulate the perforated and plated metallic plate. The perforated and plated metallic plate includes multiple metallic sheets and electrically conductive plating. The multiple metallic sheets respectively define a periodic array of sub-wavelength holes and are laminated together such that the periodic array of sub-wavelength holes combines into a periodic array of perforations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 22, 2020
    Assignee: RAYTHEON COMPANY
    Inventors: David D. Crouch, Travis B. Feenstra, David R. Sar
  • Patent number: 10734732
    Abstract: An optically tunable metamaterial unit cell is provided for photonic switching. The cell is optically tunable and includes a dielectric substrate with upper and lower surfaces. The cell further includes arrays of metamaterial elements and a layer of photo-capacitive material. The arrays are disposed the upper surface of the dielectric substrate. The metamaterial is capable of reflecting electromagnetic radiation. The layer of photo-capacitive material overlaps the arrays of metamaterial elements. The photo-capacitive material is optically tunable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Simin Feng, Kevin A. Boulais, Walter D. Sessions, Pearl Rayms-Keller, Robert B. Nichols, William F. Smith, Karen J. Long, Michael S. Lowry
  • Patent number: 10714836
    Abstract: Various examples are provided related to hybrid multiple-input/multiple-output (MIMO) architectures. Beam steering can be provided using lens arrays. In one example, a hybrid antenna system includes a plurality of lens antenna subarrays (LAS), each of the LAS including a plurality of antenna elements configured to selectively receive a radio frequency (RF) transmission signal from RF processing circuitry, and a lens extending across the plurality of antenna elements. The RF transmission signal can be provided to a selected antenna of the plurality of antenna elements via a switching network and a common phase shifter for transmission. The lens can be configured to steer a RF transmission generated by the selected antenna in a defined direction. The selected antenna can be determined by the switching network configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA
    Inventors: Murat Karabacak, Gokhan Mumcu, Huseyin Arslan
  • Patent number: 10700437
    Abstract: A communication device for controlling a beam in a wireless communication system and a method therefor are provided. The communication device includes a lens including at least one layer in which unit cells are disposed, at least one processor configured to determine a beam pattern and control capacitance of each of the unit cells based on the beam pattern, and a transceiver for transmitting a signal in the determined beam pattern through the lens, which is capacitance-controlled. Each unit cell includes a first conductive member, a second conductive member overlapping at least a portion of the first conductive member, and spaced apart from the first conductive member, and a dielectric interposed between the overlapped portions of the first conductive member and the second conductive member. An overlap region of the first and second conductive members is arranged in a direction shielded from an external electromagnetic wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Assignee: POSTECH ACADEMY-INDUSTRY FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Ho-Jin Song, Wonbin Hong, Yoonyoung Chung, Sungmin Cho
  • Patent number: 10693210
    Abstract: A set of antenna geometries for use in integrated arrays at terahertz frequencies are described. Two fabrication techniques to construct such antennas are presented. The first technique uses an advanced laser micro-fabrication, allowing fabricating advanced 3D geometries. The second technique uses photolithographic processes, allowing the fabrication of arrays on a single wafer in parallel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 23, 2020
    Assignee: CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Goutam Chattopadhyay, Imran Mehdi, Choonsup Lee, John J. Gill, Cecile D. Jung-Kubiak, Nuria Llombart
  • Patent number: 10680663
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas. The antennas may include phased antenna arrays each of which includes multiple antenna elements. Phased antenna arrays may be mounted along edges of a housing for the electronic device, behind a dielectric window such as a dielectric logo window in the housing, in alignment with dielectric housing portions at corners of the housing, or elsewhere in the electronic device. A phased antenna array may include arrays of patch antenna elements on dielectric layers separated by a ground layer. A baseband processor may distribute wireless signals to the phased antenna arrays at intermediate frequencies over intermediate frequency signal paths. Transceiver circuits at the phased antenna arrays may include upconverters and downconverters coupled to the intermediate frequency signal paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yuehui Ouyang, Yi Jiang, Matthew A. Mow, Basim Noori, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 10673137
    Abstract: A low-profile electronically scanned phased arrays integrated multi-beam cylindrical array that can scan by connecting to one feed or multiple feeds at one time.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2020
    Assignee: The Government of the United States as Represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Naftali Herscovici, Bradley A Kramer, Anatoliy Boryssenko
  • Patent number: 10622714
    Abstract: Disclosed is an antenna device for performing frequency scanning, the antenna device including a T-junction configured to distribute a first feeding signal, a first radiating element configured to radiate a radio wave based on a second feeding signal, and a coupled transmission line configured to transmit, to a subsequent element, a third feeding signal remaining after subtracting the second feeding signal from the first feeding signal, wherein the coupled transmission line is coupled such that a length thereof is an integer multiple of a wavelength at a center frequency, and the T-junction, the first radiating element, and the coupled transmission line are connected in series to form a series feeding circuit network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2020
    Assignee: ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventor: Soon Young Eom
  • Patent number: 10615506
    Abstract: A control device is provided for photonic switching. The device includes an optically tunable metamaterial unit cell. This structure includes a dielectric substrate; at least two arrays of metamaterial elements located on the top surface thereof, the metamaterial being capable of reflecting electromagnetic radiation, and a layer of photo-capacitive material overlapping the at least two arrays of metamaterial elements, the photo-capacitance of the photo-capacitive material being optically tunable; and a reflectarray or phased array system containing the unit cell.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Assignee: United States of America, as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Simin Feng, Kevin A. Boulais, Walter D. Sessions, Pearl Rayms-Keller, Robert B. Nichols, William F. Smith, Karen J. Long, Michael S. Lowry
  • Patent number: 10553943
    Abstract: A beam steering antenna is provided in a user terminal for satellite communications. The beam steering antenna includes an antenna feed structure having a plurality of feed elements configured to be switched on or off to form an initial beam, and a focus lens positioned adjacent to the antenna feed structure to form a focused beam. The antenna feed structure may include a plurality of active waveguide feed elements to generate a circularly polarized initial beam. The focus lens may be a spherical lens to form a circularly polarized focused beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: Allen Minh-Triet Tran
  • Patent number: 10541471
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, an antenna assembly that includes a dielectric antenna having an integrated dielectric feedline and a dielectric antenna element. The integrated dielectric feedline communicates inbound guided waves and outbound guided waves that are bound to the integrated dielectric feedline. The dielectric antenna element transmits outbound free space wireless signals in response to the outbound guided waves and generates the inbound guided waves from received inbound free space wireless signals. An actuated gimbal mount controls an orientation of the dielectric antenna element based on control signals. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, Robert Bennett, Farhad Barzegar, Irwin Gerszberg, Donald J. Barnickel, Henry Kafka, Thomas M. Willis, III
  • Patent number: 10535917
    Abstract: The invention is directed to an antenna structure for producing a horizontally polarized beam. In one embodiment, the antenna structure includes a first quarter-wave patch antenna and a second quarter-wave patch antenna that are positioned such that the ground planes of the patch antennas or a ground plane shared by the patch antennas is disposed between the patches of the two antennas and the shorting structures associated with the antennas are substantially aligned. In operation, the antenna structure is capable of processing an omni-directional, horizontally polarized beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2020
    Assignee: FIRST RF Corporation
    Inventors: Farzin Lalezari, Michael R. Goulder
  • Patent number: 10505265
    Abstract: An antenna adjustment system and a base station, where the antenna adjustment system includes an inertial feedback unit configured to detect a swing angle of an antenna when the antenna swings with a housing, and send an angle signal to a controller, an actuator and an elastic element configured to control an auxiliary board to rotate back in a direction opposite to a swing direction of the housing in order to counteract deflection caused by swing of the housing of the antenna fastened to the auxiliary board. The actuator is driven by the controller based on the angle signal. Therefore, a position of an antenna can be adjusted with swing of the antenna such that signal sending stability of the antenna can be ensured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2019
    Assignee: HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Youhe Ke, Dongli Wang, Hongdian Du, Jun Wu
  • Patent number: 10498015
    Abstract: Multifunctional structures and methods of manufacturing multifunctional structures which function as both electronic devices and load-bearing elements are disclosed. The load-bearing elements are designed to have electronic functionality using electronics designed to be load-bearing. The method of manufacturing the multifunctional structure comprises forming an electronic element directly on at least one ply of arbitrarily shaped load-bearing material using conventional lithographic techniques and/or direct write fabrication techniques, and assembling at least two plies of arbitrarily shaped load-bearing material into a multifunctional structure. The multifunctional structure may be part of an aerospace structure, part of a land vehicle, pan of a watercraft or part of a spacecraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2017
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2019
    Assignee: SI2 Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Erik S. Handy, Joseph Michael Kunze
  • Patent number: 10461414
    Abstract: A cellular antenna having an array of radiating elements and a flat sheet of dielectric material in front of the antenna radiating elements and spaced about a half wavelength from the antenna phase center to provide an azimuth beam width that is narrower than without the dielectric sheet. The sheet of dielectric material may be continuous or segmented and a single layer or multi-layer. The amount of narrowing may be controlled by changing the thickness and dielectric constant of the dielectric sheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: CommScope Technologies LLC
    Inventor: Gangyi Deng
  • Patent number: 10419316
    Abstract: A control system includes a master, at least one slave, and a communication module arranged between the master and the at least one slave, through which the master and the at least one slave communicate. The master sends control commands for controlling the at least one slave and the at least one slave responds to the control commands of the master. The communication module relays the respective control commands and responses. The master transmits to the communication module in one or a plurality of requests at least one control command and at least one associated timing requirement, the communication module processes the request(s) by sending the at least one control command according to the at least one timing requirement to the at least one slave, and the communication module determines timing information concerning the communication with the at least one slave and sends said timing information to the master.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: KATHREIN SE
    Inventors: Markus Mohr, Johann Schmid
  • Patent number: 10355369
    Abstract: Dipole antenna coupled to a source of excitation signals with center frequency of wavelength ?, comprising a first dipole element with a first feeder element electrically connected to a first radiating element and a first crested element electrically connected to the first radiating element. Second dipole element comprising a second feeder element electrically connected to the second radiating element. Groundplane electrically connected to first and second dipole elements. Antenna hole formed through first feeder element. Source of excitation signals received in the first feeder element the antenna hole, connected to the second feeder element. Parallel first and second feeder elements. Coaxial first and second radiating elements. Parallel first and second crested elements. The groundplane is orthogonal to the first and second dipole elements, and parallel to the first and second radiating element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventor: David C. Dawson
  • Patent number: 10276945
    Abstract: A phased array antenna which can change the configuration of the phased array antenna by controllable quad switches on the phased array antenna is presented. The phased array antenna adapts monolithic microwave integrate circuit (MMIC) technology to have high isolation interconnection of the reconfigurable phased array antenna. The reconfigurable phased array antenna can be reusable and adaptable to different configurations so that the overall cost and lead time of the phased array antenna is reduced compared to the existing RF antennas in the market.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: BAE Systems Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc.
    Inventor: James J. Komiak
  • Patent number: 10270183
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention relate to a graphene-based Rotman lenses and associated methods of formation. In some embodiments, a lens is positioned proximate to a surface of a dielectric plate. In other embodiments, the lens comprises a first lens contour positioned opposite a second lens contour. In certain embodiments, a plurality of first transmission lines extends from the first lens contour and each terminating at a particular first port. In yet still other embodiments, a plurality of second transmission lines extends from the second lens contour and each terminating at a particular second port. In some embodiments, the lens includes a composition having a polymer(s) and a three-dimensional network of individual sheets of graphene positioned within the composition. In certain embodiments, the first port and/or the second port has a width of ?/2 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Inventors: John S. Lettow, Sriram Manivannan, Larry Herzon, Trentice V. Bolar
  • Patent number: 10270160
    Abstract: An antenna system includes a circularly-polarized antenna element with a Down/Up ratio in a proximity of a local horizon of no better than ?12 dB. An antenna radome encloses the antenna element, the radome providing a drop of antenna pattern near a local horizon and having an upper transparent area and a lower semi-transparent area. The semi-transparent area is has a generally hemispherical shape. The semi-transparent area includes a circular metallized portion with vertical and horizontal slots, the metallized portion extending part of the way downward from an equator of the generally hemispherical shape. The metallized portion includes passive discrete electrical elements connected across at least some of the slots. The metallized portion can include multiple areas having different degrees of transparence. Each such area has a specified impedance. The discrete elements are capacitors, inductors and/or resistors. The metallized portion can have a plurality of circular rows separated by the horizontal slots.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Topcon Positioning Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Dmitry Vitalievich Tatarnikov, Alexey Anatolievich Generalov, Ivan Miroslavovich Chernetskiy
  • Patent number: 10256551
    Abstract: A high gain, multi-beam lens antenna system for future fifth generation (5G) wireless networks. The lens antenna includes a spherical dielectric lens fed with a plurality of radiating antenna elements. The elements are arranged around the exterior surface of the lens at a fixed offset with a predetermined angular displacement between each element. The number of beams and crossover levels between adjacent beams are determined by the dielectric properties and electrical size of the lens. The spherical nature of the dielectric lens provides a focal surface allowing the elements to be rotated around the lens with no degradation in performance. The antenna system supports wideband and multiband operation with multiple polarizations making it ideal for future 5G wireless networks.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: Amphenol Antenna Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Joshua W. Shehan
  • Patent number: 10199739
    Abstract: A lens elements array comprises at least two lens elements aligned along an alignment axis. Each lens element includes a spherical lens and a feed element. The feed elements are tilted such that the RF signals generated by the feed elements have major axes form an angle (preferably between 5° and 30°) other than a perpendicular angle with respect to the alignment axis. The combined RF signals produced collectively by these feed elements have amplitude that has minimal dips across the array. The feed elements that are farther away from the center of the array have higher levels of tilts than the feed elements that are closer to the center of the array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Matsing, Inc.
    Inventors: Serguei Matitsine, Leonid Matytsine, Anthony DeMarco
  • Patent number: 10054669
    Abstract: A radar system includes a plurality of radiating elements configured to radiate electromagnetic energy and a plurality of feed waveguides defining a common plane and configured to guide electromagnetic energy to the plurality of radiating elements. The radar system also includes a plurality of waveguides arranged as a dividing network configured to split the electromagnetic energy from the source among the plurality of feed waveguides, such that each feed waveguide receives a respective portion of the electromagnetic energy. Additionally, the dividing network is configured to adjust a phase of the electromagnetic energy received by each waveguide. The splitting and adjusting of the dividing network may be based on differences in height and/or width between the waveguides of the dividing network and the feed waveguides. At least a portion of the dividing network is located in a plane other than the common plane of the feed waveguides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2018
    Assignee: Waymo LLC
    Inventor: Jamal Izadian
  • Patent number: 9972916
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a planar array antenna. The planar array antenna includes a plurality of phase modulation surfaces, in which each phase modulation surface includes an array including a plurality of transmission phase-shift elements; and a planar power source, configured to power the plurality of phase modulation surfaces, in which each phase modulation surface is configured to modulate a transmission phase of an electromagnetic wave based on the plurality of transmission phase-shift elements, and the plurality of phase modulation surfaces are controlled to change a relative position to change the beam angle based on the corresponding transmission phases. The planar array antenna may be installed in a conformal manner on surfaces of the mobile device, such as a vehicle, an aircraft, a ship or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignees: TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, BEIJING SENSE-ID TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Fan Yang, Xiangfei Xu, Shenheng Xu, Lin Gao
  • Patent number: 9960813
    Abstract: Systems and methods for communication between near field communication devices within a target communication region using near field magnetic induction is disclosed. One method comprises generating a near field detectable signal at an active node having a power level sufficient to enable communication with a plurality of near field communication nodes located within the target communication region. Information is modulated onto the near field detectable signal using at least one of the near field communication nodes. The modulated information is detected at the active node. The information is then relayed on the near field detectable signal from the active node to at least one of the plurality of near field communication nodes within the target communication region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2018
    Assignee: FREELINC TECHNOLOGIES INC.
    Inventor: Douglas Howard Dobyns
  • Patent number: 9941594
    Abstract: An antenna system includes an antenna having an aperture, and a polarizer array. The polarizer array includes a support structure, at least two polarizer elements arranged relative to the support structure, each of the at least two polarizer elements rotatable about a separate axis, and an actuator coupled to the at least two polarizer elements, the actuator operative to effect common rotation of the at least two polarizer elements. The polarizer array is arranged to at least partially cover the antenna aperture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: THINKOM SOLUTIONS, INC.
    Inventor: William Milroy
  • Patent number: 9905922
    Abstract: Techniques for improving coverage of an antenna system are disclosed. In an aspect, a wireless device includes a 3-D antenna system to improve coverage and enhance performance. The 3-D antenna system includes antenna elements formed on multiple planes pointing in different spatial directions. Antenna elements formed on the multiple planes are associated with different antenna beams, which can provide a larger line-of-sight (LOS) coverage for the wireless device. Beamforming may be performed for the antennas on a given plane to further improve LOS coverage. Non-LOS (NLOS) coverage may also improve since antenna beams pointing in different spatial directions may result in reflected signals of higher power levels due to better signal reflection for some antenna beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Cheol-Woong Lee, Mohammad A. Tassoudji, Roger Brockenbrough
  • Patent number: 9865911
    Abstract: Aspects of the subject disclosure may include, for example, a system for generating first electromagnetic waves and directing instances of the first electromagnetic waves to an interface of a transmission medium to induce propagation of second electromagnetic waves substantially having a non-fundamental wave mode. Other embodiments are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: AT&T Intellectual Property I, L.P.
    Inventors: Paul Shala Henry, Robert Bennett, Farhad Barzegar, Irwin Gerszberg, Donald J. Barnickel, Thomas M. Willis, III, Ed Guntin
  • Patent number: 9860929
    Abstract: A method in a first user equipment for adjusting a beacon signal to be detected by at least one second user equipment in a wireless telecommunications network is provided. The beacon signal is transmitted in order to enable an establishment of Device-to-Device, D2D, communication between the first user equipment and the at least one second user equipment. The method is characterized in that the method comprises adjusting, prior to transmitting the beacon signal, the transmit power of the beacon signal based on a requirement of an application in the first user equipment for which the D2D communication is to be established. A user equipment, a network node, and a method in a network node for enabling a D2D communication between a first user equipment and at least one second user equipment are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Leif Wilhelmsson, Stefan Parkvall, Gabor Fodor, Göran N. Klang, Erik Dahlman
  • Patent number: 9843393
    Abstract: Novel tools and techniques providing for the robust wireless distribution of communications signals from a provider to multiple customer premises. Certain embodiments comprise one or more modular communications apparatuses which are located near to customer premises. The modular communications apparatuses features an enclosure which is, at least in part, transparent to radio frequencies. A modular communications apparatus also typically includes one or more communications radios or transmitter/receiver devices within the enclosure. The apparatus also includes at least one and possibly more than one antenna located within the enclosure along with wire or cable-based signal output apparatus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 12, 2017
    Assignee: CenturyLink Intellectual Property LLC
    Inventor: Charles I. Cook
  • Patent number: 9742073
    Abstract: The application discloses a one or two dimensional array of electromagnetic scatterers n scatterers (ED), whereby the aforementioned scatterers (ED) are arranged aperiodically on a curved line or surface (S). Further, the application describes a reflectarray antenna comprising at least one such array of electromagnetic scatters (ED) and at least one receiving and/or transmitting feed (F), cooperating with said array to generate an antenna beam A method for designing and manufacturing sais array and said antenna is explained. The method optimizes in a several stages all degrees of freedom in order improve the performance of reflectarrays, increase the flexibility thereof and/or the conformity thereof with design specifications (radio pattern) and/or allowing said specifications to be satisfied with a smaller number of scatters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Assignee: Agence Spatiale Europeenne
    Inventors: Amedeo Capozzoli, Claudio Curcio, Angelo Liseno, Giuseppe D'Elia, Pietro Vinetti, Giovanni Toso
  • Patent number: 9736817
    Abstract: A method for sending beacon signals is provided. The beacon signals are to be received by a slave device to discover the master device for Device to Device communication. The master device receives information from a network node. The information informs about a set of available peer discovery resources to be used in a peer discovery frame by the master device for sending beacon signals. The beacon signals are detected by the slave device. The master device obtains a beacon transmission probability. At each specific peer discovery frame, the master device determines according to the beacon transmission probability, whether or not a beacon signal shall be transmitted during that specific peer discovery frame. When determining to transmit a beacon signal during that specific peer discovery frame, master device sends the beacon signal by choosing one of the peer discovery resources out of the received set of available peer discovery resources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: Telefonaktiebolaget L M Ericsson (publ)
    Inventors: Gabor Fodor, Zhe Li
  • Patent number: 9716309
    Abstract: A radar, communication, discovery and networking system is disclosed. The system utilizes a parallel plate waveguide simulator in combination with a circular array of Balanced Antipodal Vivaldi Antenna elements to support very broad bandwidth operations utilizing a low-profile aperture. It is contemplated that such configurations may be applied to linear arrays (i.e., with no curvature) as well. In addition, the antenna arrays may form multiple rows to resemble a planar antenna. The antenna system in accordance with the present disclosure may be installed on a size-constrained platform and utilized as a common shared asset aperture, providing multifunctional, multi-beam support to facilitate multiband communications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2017
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventor: M. Wajih ElSallal
  • Patent number: 9692106
    Abstract: Antenna devices, antenna systems and methods of their fabrication are disclosed. One such antenna device includes a semiconductor chip and a chip package. The semiconductor chip includes at least one antenna that is integrated into a dielectric layer of the semiconductor chip and is configured to transmit electromagnetic waves. In addition, the chip package includes at least one ground plane, where the semiconductor chip is mounted on the chip package such that the ground plane(s) is disposed at a predetermined distance from the antenna to implement a reflection of at least a portion of the electromagnetic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Duixian Liu, Arun S. Natarajan, Jean-Olivier Plouchart, Scott K. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 9667290
    Abstract: An electronic device may be provided with wireless circuitry. The wireless circuitry may include one or more antennas. The antennas may include phased antenna arrays each of which includes multiple antenna elements. Phased antenna arrays may be mounted along edges of a housing for the electronic device, behind a dielectric window such as a dielectric logo window in the housing, in alignment with dielectric housing portions at corners of the housing, or elsewhere in the electronic device. A phased antenna array may include arrays of patch antenna elements on dielectric layers separated by a ground layer. A baseband processor may distribute wireless signals to the phased antenna arrays at intermediate frequencies over intermediate frequency signal paths. Transceiver circuits at the phased antenna arrays may include upconverters and downconverters coupled to the intermediate frequency signal paths.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Yuehui Ouyang, Yi Jiang, Matthew A. Mow, Basim Noori, Mattia Pascolini, Ruben Caballero
  • Patent number: 9620861
    Abstract: Embodiments are directed to a multi-fractal pattern antenna, system and method of making multi-fractal pattern antennas. The antenna comprises a fractal antenna pattern having at least one resonant frequency and having a plurality of joined-chevron fractal segments arranged as a function of at least one resonant frequency. Each joined-chevron fractal segment comprising a first chevron comprising a first V-shaped fractal element having a first leg, second leg and a first vertex where the first leg and second leg are separated by a first angle. Each joined-chevron fractal segment comprising a second chevron joined to the first chevron to form a joined-chevron fractal segment and comprising a second V-shaped fractal element having a third leg, fourth leg and a second vertex where the third leg and the fourth leg are separated by a second angle. A set of the plurality of joined-chevron fractal segment approximates a staircase shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 11, 2017
    Assignee: LOCKHEED MARTIN CORPORATION
    Inventor: Johnny E. Banks
  • Patent number: 9577314
    Abstract: Antenna devices, antenna systems and methods of their fabrication are disclosed. One such antenna device includes a semiconductor chip and a chip package. The semiconductor chip includes at least one antenna that is integrated into a dielectric layer of the semiconductor chip and is configured to transmit electromagnetic waves. In addition, the chip package includes at least one ground plane, where the semiconductor chip is mounted on the chip package such that the ground plane(s) is disposed at a predetermined distance from the antenna to implement a reflection of at least a portion of the electromagnetic waves.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MACHINES CORPORATION
    Inventors: Duixian Liu, Arun S. Natarajan, Jean-Olivier Plouchart, Scott K. Reynolds
  • Patent number: 9557547
    Abstract: A paraxial cloaking device provides a cloaking volume in which an item can be hid from view. A cloaking device includes an optical input receiving light rays and an optical output from which a continuous range of directions of the received light rays exit the paraxial cloaking device. The cloaking volume being disposed between the optical input and the optical output. For received light rays having incoming directions non-parallel to the reference optical axis up to a first angle, each of the received light rays exits the cloaking device substantially aligned with the respective received light ray and does not pass through the cloaking volume. The paraxial cloaking device has a unity magnification factor. In some instances, the paraxial cloaking device includes a phase matching element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2017
    Assignee: University of Rochester
    Inventors: Joseph S. Choi, John C. Howell
  • Patent number: 9515390
    Abstract: An electromagnetic reflector for reflecting an electromagnetic signal is provided based on meta-surface phase control using photo-capacitive materials, varactors or other tuning means. The shape of the metamaterial unit cell enhances the resonance and phase shift. The reflector includes first and second cells having respective first and second phase states, along with a switch for selecting between the first and second cells.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2015
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Simin Feng, Kevin A. Boulais, Frank L. Wallace, Blaise L. Corbett, Victor H. Gehman, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9485004
    Abstract: An exemplary method comprises positioning a first antenna to receive a first signal from a second antenna, the second antenna comprising energy absorbing material that functions to expand beamwidth, receiving the first signal from the second antenna, detecting a plurality of gains based on the first signal, repositioning the first antenna relative to the second antenna to a position associated with an acceptable gain based on the first signal, removing at least some of the energy absorbing material from the second antenna to narrow the beamwidth of the second antenna, receiving, by the first antenna, a second signal from the second antenna, detecting a plurality of gains based on the second signal, and repositioning the first antenna relative to the second antenna to a position associated with an increased gain of the plurality of gains based on the second signal, the increased gain being greater than the acceptable gain.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignee: Aviat U.S., Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Vilhar
  • Patent number: 9397395
    Abstract: A low complexity/cost beamsteering antenna includes a central line feed affixed to a radial waveguide structure, radiating elements positioned along the circumference of the radial waveguide structure, and a plurality of active elements interspersed along the surface of the radial waveguide structure between the central line feed and the radiating elements. The active elements may comprise PIN diodes or microelectromechanical system (MEMS) components, and may be selectively activated/deactivated by DC switches in order to direct the propagation of an RF signal over the radial waveguide structure in a manner similar to a power divider. As a result, the RF signal may be funneled to selected radiating elements, thereby effectively directionally aiming the main lobe of the emitted radiation pattern to beamsteer the wireless transmission.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Halim Boutayeb
  • Patent number: 9323217
    Abstract: A negative index material (or metamaterial) crossbar includes a first layer of approximately parallel nanowires and a second layer of approximately parallel nanowires that overlay the nanowires in the first layer. The nanowires in the first layer are approximately perpendicular in orientation to the nanowires in the second layer. Each nanowire of the first layer and each nanowire of the second layer has substantially regularly spaced fingers. The crossbar further includes resonant elements at nanowire intersections between the respective layers. Each resonant element includes two fingers of a nanowire in the first layer and two fingers of a nanowire in the second layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shih-Yuan Wang, Alexandre M. Bratkovski, R. Stanley Williams, Jingjing Li, Wei Wu, Philip J. Kuekes
  • Patent number: 9287614
    Abstract: A frequency scanning traveling wave antenna array is presented for Y-band application. This antenna is a fast wave leaky structure based on rectangular waveguides in which slots cut on the broad wall of the waveguide serve as radiating elements. A series of aperture-coupled patch arrays are fed by these slots. This antenna offers 2° and 30° beam widths in azimuth and elevation direction, respectively, and is capable of ±25° beam scanning with frequency around the broadside direction. The waveguide can be fed through a membrane-supported cavity-backed CPW which is the output of a frequency multiplier providing 230˜245 GHz FMCW signal. This structure can be planar and compatible with micromachining application and can be fabricated using DRIE of silicon.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2016
    Assignee: The Regents Of The University of Michigan
    Inventors: Mehrnoosh Vahidpour, Kamal Sarabandi, Jack East, Meysam Moallem
  • Patent number: 9252499
    Abstract: An antenna unit is provided. The antenna unit includes a first substrate, a first conductive layer, a second conductive layer, a first planar conductive ring and a feed conductor. The first substrate includes a first surface and a second surface, wherein the first surface is opposite to the second surface. The first conductive layer is disposed on the first surface. The second conductive layer is disposed on the second surface, wherein a main opening surrounded by a plurality of first conductive vias electrically connecting the first and the second conductive surface is formed on the second conductive layer, and the main opening defines a radiation cavity and center frequency. The first planar conductive ring surrounds the radiation cavity. The feed conductor feeds a wireless signal to the antenna unit. Both the first planar conductive ring and the feed conductor are placed between the first conductor layer and the second conductor layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: MEDIATEK INC.
    Inventors: Ho-Chung Chen, James Wang
  • Patent number: 9225070
    Abstract: A radiating element for a radar array antenna is provided. The radiating element comprises a first dielectric layer including a circular waveguide arranged therein, a second dielectric layer having a feed element for the circular waveguide embedded therein, and a cross-slot aperture formed in a groundplane arranged generally between the first and second dielectric layers. The feed element may comprise first and second stripline traces for exciting each of a first and second slot defining the cross-slot aperture. Each of the first and second dielectric layers comprises layers of a laminated printed wire board arrangement.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Lockheed Martin Corporation
    Inventors: Mirwais Zeweri, Chih-Chen Hsu
  • Patent number: 9219309
    Abstract: An array of geodesic lens antennas (GLAs) comprises multiple vertical radiating slots, each formed into an annulus, which are individually controlled by feeding rings. One feeding ring is provided for each of the GLA elevation elements, resulting in multiple, parallel waveguide channels that together enable elevation beam steering, thus forming a concentric stack of geodesic lenses. Accordingly, exemplary embodiments of the invention are capable of RF beam formation in azimuth and elevation by using these lenses to form, shape, and steer one or more RF beams. Each GLA in the stack forms an element in the elevation plane with separate amplitude and phase control, providing the degrees of freedom required to independently and simultaneously control azimuth and elevation beam forming and steering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2015
    Assignee: RAYTHEON COMPANY
    Inventors: Carlos R. Costas, Millage G. Burnsed, Daniel P. Jones
  • Patent number: 9203149
    Abstract: An antenna system, comprising: a phased array antenna (4); and a dielectric lens arrangement (6), for example a single solid dielectric lens (6) comprising a substantially spherical convex surface (12) and a concave surface (14); wherein the dielectric lens arrangement (6) is arranged to magnify the effective aperture of the phased array antenna (4). The concave surface (14) is positioned within the near field of the phased array antenna (4). The phased array antenna (4) is operated at a frequency greater than or equal to 50 GHz. The antenna system retains some ability to electronically scan the beam. The antenna system may be for transmission and/or reception. The antenna system may be used for example for communication between two vehicles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Assignee: BAE SYSTEMS plc
    Inventors: Robert Ian Henderson, Christopher Ralph Pescod, Shahbaz Nawaz
  • Patent number: 9170348
    Abstract: A beamforming apparatus comprising a number of beam ports NB arranged in a circular array, the circular array having a radius a, an annular shaped lens encircling the number of beam ports NB, the annular shaped lens having an inner radius a, an outer radius b, and an inhomogeneous refractive index n(r), and a number of array ports NA coupled to the outer rim of the annular shaped lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Inventor: Abbas Abbaspour-Tamijani
  • Patent number: 9147942
    Abstract: A multibeam antenna system having a substrate forming a ground plane and a lens positioned on the substrate. At least one radiating element is positioned around the lens and configured to transmit and/or receive electromagnetic wave. A switching means enables one of the at least one radiating element to be selected. The lens is constituted by a cylindrical ring whose axis is perpendicular to the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2015
    Assignee: THOMSON LICENSING
    Inventors: Jean-François Pintos, Philippe Minard, Ali Louzir, Dominique Lo Hine Tong
  • Patent number: 9118356
    Abstract: The described embodiments relate generally to a dielectric wave guide interconnect for an electronic device including a first routing circuit, a second routing circuit, and a dielectric wave guide coupling the first routing circuit to the second routing circuit. The interconnect may also include a first coupling element securing a first end of the dielectric wave guide proximal to the first routing circuit and a conductive element to insulate the dielectric wave guide from radio-frequency (RF) signals. In some embodiments, the first routing circuit is in a bottom portion of the electronic device; and the second routing circuit is in a top portion of the electronic device. An electronic device including a dielectric wave guide interconnect as above is also disclosed. A coupler for an electronic device including a first end adapted to receive an electrical signal and a propagating electromagnetic signal is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 25, 2015
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Steven C. Michalske, William P. Cornelius, Neal V. Cecil