Parallel And Collinear Arrangement Patents (Class 343/813)
  • Patent number: 11024958
    Abstract: A phased array antenna system has at least one trough reflector, each trough reflector having at least one phased array located at a feed point of the reflector, and an array of elements located near to a point equal to one half of a center transmission wavelength. A method of decoding a receive signal includes propagating a transmit signal through a transmit and a receive path of a phased array to generate a coupled signal, digitizing the coupled signal, storing the digitized coupled signal, receiving a signal from a target, and using the digitized coupled signal to decode the signal from the target. A method of modeling the ionosphere includes transmitting measuring pulses from an incoherent scattering radar transmitter, receiving incoherent scatter from the transmitting, and analyzing the incoherent scatter to determine pulse and amplitude of the incoherent scatter to profile electron number density of the ionosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2021
    Assignee: SRI International
    Inventors: Michael J. Nicolls, Daniel P. Ceperley, Ryan C. Peterson, Bryan Klofas, David Watters, Thomas Durak, Michael Greffen, Moyra Malone, John J. Buonocore
  • Patent number: 10698127
    Abstract: An antenna shield latches around a mandrel or wellbore tubular to protect an antenna carried by the mandrel. The antenna shield opens to facilitate installation over the mandrel, and closes the around the antenna to provide robust protection from the downhole environment. Radial sections of the antenna shield are coupled to one another such that the antenna shield maintains a one piece construction, and the sections may pivot to move the antenna shield between open and closed configurations. Readily opening and closing the antenna shield facilitates maintenance and repair of the antenna and reusability of the antenna shield. Other components of a logging tool system, e.g., stabilizers, may also be provided with a similar latch mechanism for coupling to an outer diameter of the wellbore tubular.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2020
    Inventors: Heen Wei Ng, Minh Dang Nguyen
  • Patent number: 10591738
    Abstract: A heads up display system with a variable focal plane includes a projection device to generate light representative of at least one virtual graphic, an imaging matrix to project the light representative of the at least one virtual graphic on at least one image plane, a display device to display the at least one virtual graphic on the at least one image plane, and a translation device to dynamically change a position of the imaging matrix relative to the display device based, at least in part, on a predetermined operational parameter to dynamically vary a focal distance between the display device and the at least one image plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2020
    Assignee: WAYRAY AG
    Inventors: Mikhail Svarichevsky, Vitaly Ponomarev
  • Patent number: 9515392
    Abstract: This invention discloses a design and application of a variable beam antenna optimized for WI-HI application in data, video and voice transmission between various systems with an emphasis on medical monitoring. The subject antenna consists of a unique group of dipole radiators that are excited by zigzag feed lines and perform together as an array. This antenna is unique because it can provide various high gain beams by simply applying electrical shorts at the cross points in the feed lines. The shorts can be created mechanically or electronically. The antenna beam coverage can range from 15° to 110°- wide in H plane and maintains a constant beam width of 60° in E plane. The shorts are applied to reduce the antenna effective aperture, thereby increasing the beam width of the antenna. The current that flows to the outer dipoles are cut-off due to the shorts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Inventors: Gary Gwoon Wong, Calvin Gwoon Wong, Perry Gwoon Wong, Kalem Gwoon Wong
  • Patent number: 9084260
    Abstract: Communication signals using a first and a second frequency band in a wireless network is described herein. The first frequency band may be associated with a first beamwidth while the second frequency band may be associated with a second beamwidth. An apparatus may include receiver circuitry arranged to receive first signals in a first frequency band associated with a first beamwidth and second signals in a second frequency band associated with a second beamwidth, the first signals comprising a frame synchronization parameter and the second signals comprising frame alignment signals. The apparatus may further include processor circuitry coupled to the receiver circuitry, the processor circuitry arranged to activate or deactivate the receiver circuitry to receive the frame alignment signals based on the frame synchronization parameter. Other embodiments may be described and/or claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2015
    Inventors: Alexander Maltsev, Vadim Sergeyev, Alexei Davydov
  • Publication number: 20150123864
    Abstract: Antenna elements are described that may include a radiator, a feeding portion, a first impedance transformer, a balun, and a second impedance transformer. The first impedance transformer, balun, and second impedance transformer may be disposed above a ground plane of an antenna array to reduce a bulk of the array. The array can also include a dielectric top layer for loading apertures of the antenna array. The antenna elements can also include anomaly suppressors can be provided to cancel common-mode resonances from the radiators.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2013
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: SI2 Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Anatoliy BORYSSENKO
  • Patent number: 8810466
    Abstract: A wide-bandwidth antenna (e.g., a rib-dipole antenna) includes a first pole formed by a first conductive member and/or a second pole formed by a second conductive member. The antenna also includes an antenna feed between the first conductive member and the second conductive member. The antenna also includes at least one electrically conductive element including a surface. A portion of the surface is electrically connected to, and extends from, the first conductive member or the second conductive member. The at least one electrically conductive element is capable of conducting a current that generates a magnetic field. The magnetic field lowers a total reactance of the antenna, thereby resulting in enhanced performance of the antenna and more efficient use of volume.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Physical Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Francesca Sciré-Scappuzzo, Sergey N. Makarov
  • Patent number: 8604988
    Abstract: A multi-function array is described where several communication system functions are realized using the same antenna architecture. An array of antenna elements where each antenna element can generate multiple radiation patterns is described; the multiple radiation patterns from each antenna element provides increased capability and flexibility in generating a phased array, a MIMO antenna system, a receive diversity antenna system, as well as direction finding feature by way of an interferometer function provided by one or multiple elements. The small volume attributes of the antenna elements populating the array lend this technique to mobile wireless devices as well as access points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Ethertronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Laurent Desclos, Sebastian Rowson, Jeffrey Shamblin
  • Patent number: 8164536
    Abstract: A dual polarized variable beam tilt antenna having a superior Sector Power Ratio (SPR). The antenna may have slant 45 degree dipole radiating elements including directors, and may be disposed on a plurality of tilted element trays to orient an antenna boresight downtilt. The directors may be disposed above or about the respective dipole radiating elements. The antenna has a beam front-to-side ratio exceeding 20 dB, a horizontal beam front-to-back ratio exceeding 40 dB, a high-roll off, and is operable over an expanded frequency range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Inventors: Kevin Le, Louis J. Meyer, Pete Bisiules
  • Patent number: 8160664
    Abstract: An omni-directional antenna supporting simultaneous transmission/reception, from the same AP, on multiple frequencies, allowing each AP to communicate using each possible frequency. Each AP multiplexes its outgoing signals onto its transmitting antenna, and de-multiplexes its incoming signals from its receiving antenna. The transmitting and receiving antennae are each substantially located in each other's NULL zone (or one is in the NULL zone of the other). The AP can transmit/receive on many distinct frequencies without needing more antennae.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2012
    Assignee: Meru Networks
    Inventors: Rajendran Venugopalachary, Senthil Palanisamy, Srinath Sarang, Vaduvur Bharghavan
  • Patent number: 8115696
    Abstract: A phased-array antenna panel for a super economical broadcast system is provided. The phased-array antenna panel system includes an antenna panel support member, a first pair of striplines and a second pair of striplines. The antenna panel support member includes a front reflector surface to support first and second columns of constantly-spaced, crossed-dipole radiators, a first pair of signal ground cavities disposed beneath the first column of crossed-dipole radiators, a second pair of signal ground cavities disposed beneath the second column of crossed-dipole radiators, and a rear surface including first and second pairs of signal distribution cable connectors. The first pair of striplines are respectively disposed within the first pair of signal ground cavities and are coupled to the first pair of signal distribution connectors and the first column of crossed-dipole radiators.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignees: SPX Corporation, Radio Innovation Sweden AB
    Inventors: Andre Skalina, Torbjorn Johnson, Charles Michael Davison, Jr., John Schadler, Gary Lytle
  • Patent number: 8026860
    Abstract: The utilization of small antennas for mobile devices and for low frequency (long wavelength) applications is desired. Further, efficient use of transmission power is desirable, especially in mobile applications. For this purpose, a system is provided that includes one or more of: a multiple-resonator transmitter/receiver, a high bandwidth electrically small antenna, a resonator with a variable feed location, a resonator with a variable reactive component load, and a method for estimating a resonator system response to a component configuration and selected excitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2011
    Assignee: The Board of Trustees of the University of Illinois
    Inventors: Paul E. Mayes, Paul W. Klock, Suhail Barot
  • Patent number: 7940228
    Abstract: An array antenna may include a substrate, an array of metamaterial elements including radiating elements suspended in the substrate and integrated with the array of dipoles, where the metamaterial elements include a first metal layer and a second metal layer connected by a via, an array of dipoles, a groundplane coupled with a first side of the substrate, the ground plane having a symmetric slot aperture and not contacting the array of metamaterial elements, and a stripline feed for the radiating elements, where the stripline feed passes from a groundplane first side through the symmetric slot aperture to a groundplane second side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael J. Buckley
  • Patent number: 7327325
    Abstract: A vertically polarized traveling wave antenna is omnidirectional, bottom-mounted, and bottom-fed. A robust center coax provides a self-supporting mechanical structure. Multiple dipoles are capacitively coupled to the coax in quads, with a first two dipoles placed on opposite sides of the center coax and spaced by a quarter wavelength along the coax from the second two, which couple at right angles to the first two. This matched-layer spacing cancels the reactive components of the impedances of the dipoles. Beam tilt is readily incorporated over a wide range by adjusting layer spacing to add phase taper. All dipoles are oriented parallel to the coax axis, with opposite “hot” (center coupled) dipole elements oriented oppositely to each other. A radiated signal thus has rotating phase, when viewed from above, but is vertically polarized at each azimuth. A lightweight radome, provided for weather protection, is not needed for structural integrity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2008
    Assignee: SPX Corporation
    Inventor: John L. Schadler
  • Patent number: 7286097
    Abstract: An antenna minimizes radiation from the outer conductor (44) of a coaxial cable (40) that is coupled to the antenna by providing a balancing tab (90) that lies near the connection (72) of the cable outer conductor (44) to the antenna. One antenna includes a Yagi structure (12) constructed of a plate of metal that forms a long boom (20) and a plurality of directors (28) extending laterally across the boom, with an electrical coupling loop mounted at a rear region of the Yagi structure. The coupling loop includes a folded dipole in the form of a metal coupling plate that forms a loop (54) with a gap (70), the loop having a laterally elongated front loop end (60). The Yagi structure is formed with a balancing tab (90) that lies forward of the loop, that has a lateral length (D) less than half that of one of the directors, and that extends from only one side (22) of the boom which is the side to which the outer coax conductor (44) is connected to the loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2007
    Assignee: Wilson Electronics, Inc.
    Inventors: Alan Van Buren, Richard M. Kline
  • Patent number: 6876336
    Abstract: A phased array antenna includes a substrate having a first surface, and a second surface adjacent thereto and defining an edge therebetween. A plurality of dipole antenna elements are on the first surface, and at least a portion of at least one dipole antenna element is on the second surface. Each dipole antenna element includes a medial feed portion and a pair of legs extending outwardly therefrom. Adjacent legs of adjacent dipole antenna elements on the first and second surfaces include respective spaced apart end portions having predetermined shapes and relative positioning for providing increased capacitive coupling between the adjacent dipole antenna elements.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2005
    Assignee: Harris Corporation
    Inventors: William F. Croswell, Robert C. Taylor, Anthony M. Jones, Timothy E. Durham
  • Patent number: 6816124
    Abstract: A dual-band antenna suitable for use in a cellular telephone network base station includes two parallel arrays of low-frequency dipole elements disposed on a ground plane, a raised array of high-frequency dipole elements disposed between the two parallel arrays, and at least one beamforming rod disposed between the raised array and the two parallel arrays. The two parallel arrays operatively form symmetric azimuth radiation patterns in a lower range of frequencies. The raised array and the high frequency beamforming rod likewise operatively form symmetric azimuth radiation patterns in a higher range of frequencies. This configuration of dual-band antenna allows reception and transmission of electromagnetic signals in two discrete frequency bands while occupying a compact space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2004
    Assignee: EMS Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: James K. Tillery
  • Patent number: 6771227
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a collinear antenna structure. The structure comprises a dipole antenna, a coil, and a set of stacked radiator, wherein the length of the dipole antenna is ½&lgr;, the ground end and the signal end of the dipole antenna are connected to a coaxial cable, the length of the cable line is less than ¼&lgr;, one end of the cable line is connected in series to the top of the signal end, wherein the stacked radiator comprising at least two parallel radiators in series, the length of each radiator is ½&lgr;, the distance between the two radiators is about 1.0 to 4.0 mm, one of the stacked radiator is axially connected in series to the other end of the coil, thus forming the structure of the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Antenniques Corporation
    Inventors: Churng-Jou Tsai, Ming-Hsiun Chong
  • Patent number: 6608599
    Abstract: A printed conductive mesh dipole antenna, and a method of use of the antenna. The printed dipole antenna includes a dielectric substrate 12 and a conductive mesh 14 formed of a plurality of symmetric shapes 18 printed on the dielectric substrate. Each of the symmetric shapes is coupled to at least one other of the shapes, and placed periodically on the dielectric substrate proximate to at least one other of the shapes. The periodic placement of the shapes forms a symmetric pattern of a conductive mesh on the dielectric substrate. The antenna is preferably part of a cellular or cordless telephone handset.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2003
    Assignee: Qualcomm, Incorporated
    Inventors: Fu-Chiarng Chen, Allen Tran
  • Patent number: 6583760
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing antenna beams having reduced grating and side lobes when steered off of the antenna broadside are disclosed. According to the present invention an arrangement of antenna elements suitable for use in generating antenna beams steered at greater angles off of the antenna broadside is utilized with a beam feed network consistent with the antenna beams being steered at the greater angles and reduced antenna element spacing to provide the reduced grating and side lobes. A preferred embodiment utilizes a 2n+1 Butler matrix coupled to 2n+1 antenna columns spaced according to the present invention to provide 2n antenna beams. Preferred embodiments provide a dual mode antenna system in which antenna elements of a first mode are interspersed with antenna elements of a second mode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Metawave Communications Corporation
    Inventors: Gary A. Martek, Blaine J. Smith
  • Patent number: 6542131
    Abstract: Apparatus for suppressing mutual interference between antennas placed close to each other, said apparatus consisting of at least one elongated suppressing element (5) of electrically conductive material, fitted between the antenna radiators (11, 21) and disposed in a plane transverse to the connecting line between the antennas. The suppressing element is disposed in the direction of radiation and its length equals a quarter or a multiple of a quarter of one of the wavelengths in the frequency range of the antennas, thus functioning as a resonator tuned at least to the frequency range in question, radiating in a plane transverse to the direction of radiation of the antennas (1, 2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Assignee: Nokia Networks Oy
    Inventor: Veijo Haapanen
  • Patent number: 6518934
    Abstract: A steerable dipole array including a plurality of end loaded electrically short dipole antenna sections arranged along a common longitudinal axis. The antenna sections include active transmit/receive modules with a common DC power line used to power the modules being used as part of the radiating system while for maintaining DC continuity in the DC power line. The DC power line includes a pair of capacitively coupled electrical conductors extending in an axial direction adjacent the antenna sections and having RF chokes formed therein located adjacent the outer end portions of the antenna sections for reducing the mutual coupling between the electrical conductors and dipole antenna sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2001
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2003
    Assignee: Northrop Grumman Corporation
    Inventors: Patrick J. Knowles, David P. Lopez
  • Patent number: 6300915
    Abstract: For broadcast transmission of Differential GPS data signals, a vertical array antenna provides broad band omnidirective phase-progressive radiation with elliptical polarization. Four-dipole sub-arrays use diagonally aligned two-piece cut and bend dipoles with isolated conductive frontal strip. With these vertically arrayed sub-arrays, lower and upper sub-arrays are excited at 70 percent amplitude and respective plus and minus 90 degree phase rotation relative to middle sub-array, for optimized performance with low elevation lobing. Divided transmission line operation provided by the frontal strip of appropriate length achieves double-tuned dipole performance with very low VSWR over the operating band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 9, 2001
    Assignee: Bae Systems Aerospace Inc. Advanced Systems
    Inventor: Alfred R. Lopez
  • Publication number: 20010005181
    Abstract: A linear antenna capable of adjusting directivity and impedance matching comprises: a common dipole in which two cylindrical conductors each having a length of &lgr;/4 of the transmission frequency are provided linearly (thus having a total length of &lgr;/2); a plurality of linear parasitic elements that are provided at positions separated by a distance D2 from the axis of the common dipole so as to surround the common dipole; and a U-shaped parasitic element for realizing impedance matching that is arranged in proximity to one end of the common dipole. Each of the linear parasitic elements are arranged parallel to the common dipole and have a length of one half-wavelength of a desired transmission frequency.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Publication date: June 28, 2001
    Inventors: Laurent Desclos, Eiji Hankui
  • Patent number: 6211841
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a multi-band cellular basestation and in particular relates to antennas for such basestations. There is a growing need for mult-band basestation antennas for mobile communication systems, to serve existing 2nd generation systems, and emerging third generation systems. For example, GSM and DCS1800 systems currently coexist in Europe, and emerging 3rd generation systems (UMTS) will initially have to operate in parallel with these systems. The present invention provides a dual/triple/multi-band performance cellular basestation antenna having a shared aperature, having a first set of radiating elements operable at a first frequency range; a second set of radiating elements operable at a second frequency range; wherein the first set and second set of radiating elements are arranged in an interleaved fashion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2001
    Assignee: Nortel Networks Limited
    Inventors: Martin Smith, Dean Kitchener, Dawn K Power
  • Patent number: 6198434
    Abstract: Systems and methods for providing antenna beams having reduced grating and side lobes when steered off of the antenna broadside are disclosed. According to the present invention an arrangement of antenna elements suitable for use in generating antenna beams steered at greater angles off of the antenna broadside is utilized with a beam feed network consistent with the antenna beams being steered at the greater angles and reduced antenna element spacing to provide the reduced grating and side lobes. A preferred embodiment utilizes a 2n+1 Butler matrix coupled to 2n+1 antenna columns spaced according to the present invention to provide 2n antenna beams.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2001
    Assignee: Metawave Communications Corporation
    Inventors: Gary A. Martek, J. Todd Elson, Leibing Huang
  • Patent number: 6133889
    Abstract: The invention provides a log periodic dipole antenna having a microstrip center feedline and a log periodic hourglass dipole assembly. The microstrip center feedline means responds to an input radio signal for providing a microstrip center feed radio signal. The log periodic hourglass dipole assembly responds to the microstrip feed radio signal, for providing a log periodic hourglass dipole antenna radio signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 17, 2000
    Assignee: Radio Frequency Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: George D. Yarsunas, Charles M. Powell
  • Patent number: 6087989
    Abstract: A cavity-backed microstrip dipole antenna array is provided with a microstrip feeder network and a plurality of dipoles which are etched and formed on a single printed circuit board (PCB). Therefore, the structure is simple and inexpensive. Moreover, the antenna array can operate over a wider frequency bandwidth, and the thickness can be reduced to 0.1 of the wavelength of the transmitted/received signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2000
    Assignee: SamSung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seong-chil Song, Igor Timofeeve
  • Patent number: 6025812
    Abstract: An antenna array for simultaneous reception or for simultaneous transmission of electromagnetic waves having two linear, orthogonal polarizations has a decoupling device (17) between adjacent radiating element modules (1). This decoupling device is provided between two radiating element modules (1) which are adjacent in the attachment direction (21). The improvement is for a decoupling structural element (17) to be provided between two adjacent radiating element modules (1), which decoupling structural element (17) extends at least with its longitudinal component in the attachment direction (21), this longitudinal component having a length which is greater than or equal to 25% of the radiating element module separation (25) between the centers or bases (23) of the corresponding adjacent radiating element modules (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 25, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Kathrein-Werke KG
    Inventors: Roland Gabriel, Max Gottl, Georg Klinger
  • Patent number: 5606333
    Abstract: Multi-beam antennas with relatively large effective apertures for high antenna gain are provided for tower or pole mounting for cellular and other uses. Low wind resistance is achieved by use of thin cylindrical radiating units and thin cylindrical tuned reflector units. Each radiating unit includes separately excited upper and lower radiators, each including a microstrip pattern of a phase reversed series of half-wave transmission line sections on a substrate enclosed in a fiberglass tube radome. Each tuned reflector unit includes a resonant stack of electrically isolated metal rods enclosed in a fiberglass radome. In one embodiment, four cylindrical radiating units, each including upper and lower radiators, are laterally spaced in front of upper and lower reflector configurations, each including seven laterally spaced tuned reflector units.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 25, 1997
    Assignee: Hazeltine Corporation
    Inventor: Peter W. Hannan
  • Patent number: 5589843
    Abstract: An improved antenna system for use at high frequencies such as cellular communication and PCS frequencies, having a steerable, multi co-linear array antenna in which the number of radiating elements per co-linear array increases monotonically from the periphery of the antenna to the middle of the antenna, and wherein the antenna is connected to a Butler matrix feed network, thereby providing steerability of the radiation pattern associated with the antenna. The improved antenna system achieves significantly lower sidelobe generation as compared to antenna systems using multiple co-linear arrays of radiating elements in which the number of radiating elements per co-linear array is constant. The Butler matrix feed network is implemented via a microstrip fabricated printed circuit board without crossovers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1996
    Assignee: Radio Frequency Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Sheldon K. Meredith, Pitt W. Arnold, Warren F. Hunt, Kevin J. Connolly, Kevin M. Gaukel
  • Patent number: 5534882
    Abstract: Antenna systems particularly suited for reception of GPS satellite signals include a vertical stack of element arrays. Each array, which may comprise four dipoles positioned around a central axis, receives signals phased to produce a circularly polarized 360 degree progressive phase radiation pattern around the axis. By rotating in azimuth the radiation patterns of certain of the element arrays and controlling the amplitude of signals applied to different arrays in the stack of arrays, a circularly polarized radiation pattern can be provided encompassing the entire upper hemisphere above the horizon, with a sharp pattern cutoff at or slightly below the horizon. A seven array stack of individual arrays each including four angled dipoles, with a distribution network for providing signals of desired relative phase and relative amplitude to each of the 28 included dipoles, is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Assignee: Hazeltine Corporation
    Inventor: Alfred R. Lopez
  • Patent number: 5319380
    Abstract: According to the invention, an antenna curtain, particularly a dipole curtain of an antenna in the decametric wave range is formed of a plurality of cables. Radiators are provided arranged essentially in a vertical plane, defining a radiator plane, in a plurality of rows located one atop another and in one column or in a plurality of columns next to one another. A line system device is provided for feeding the radiators of each column through conductive lines. A single catenary is provided to provide sufficient tension for the vertical or slightly inclined lines of the line system. An approximately horizontal spreader is arranged above each of the columns essentially perpendicularly to the radiator plane. The horizontal spreader is positioned beneath the catenary and above the topmost radiator, preferably spaced a small distance in height above the topmost radiator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: June 7, 1994
    Assignee: Telefunken Sendertechnik GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Bruger
  • Patent number: 5270725
    Abstract: The antenna is a rotating dipole antenna comprising a base, a rigid support rotatably mounted on the base, a plurality of wire dipoles fixed to the support, and means to feed each dipole with electrical energy from a first end of said dipole. In order to provide for the efficient fastening of the dipoles, the rigid support extends before at least the first end of each dipole, and this first end is fixed directly to the rigid support while the second ends of the dipoles are either fixed directly to the rigid support or connected to it by a catenary supported on the support. The antenna can be applied to the designing of power antennas in the decametric wave range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 14, 1993
    Assignee: Thomson-CSF
    Inventors: Francois Ursenbach, Jean-Marc Martin
  • Patent number: 5087922
    Abstract: In a printed circuit embodiment, dielectric boards in a multilayer arrangement have their ends protruding from a ground plane. Sets of printed dipole elements are disposed along the edge of each board. Each set of dipole elements has three feed ports. Bandpass filters are provided for each feed port. Phase shifters are coupled to each of the feed ports through its respective bandpass filter. At the low band, the outer feed ports are shorted by the filters so that the two sections of dipole elements to the left of the center feed port form one lone band dipole arm, and the two sections of dipole elements to the right of the center feed port form the other low band dipole arm. The low band dipole is driven at the center feed port. At the high band, the center feed port becomes an open circuit so that the two sections to the left thereof form one high band dipole, and the two sections to the right thereof form a second high band dipole. The two outer feed ports drive the dipole array at the high band.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 11, 1992
    Assignee: Hughes Aircraft Company
    Inventors: Raymond Tang, Kuan M. Lee, Ruey S. Chu
  • Patent number: 5039994
    Abstract: An antenna formed by an array of dipole elements fed by a triplate or stripline system is provided with earthed posts between the dipoles. These posts prevent radiation from one dipole being received by others thereby improving the antenna efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Assignee: The Marconi Company Ltd.
    Inventors: Richard G. Wash, Edmund W. Woloszczuk
  • Patent number: 5038151
    Abstract: A stationary, lightweight, easily transportatable antenna capable of full duplex operation, i.e., portions of the antenna can transmit and receive simultaneously in the same frequency band. The antenna has a near omnidirectional pattern in the azimuth plane for both transmit and receive. The receive portion (2) consists of four antenna elements (20), each having a beamwidth in the azimuth plane slightly greater than The receive antennas (20) are arranged symmetrically about a midpoint (93) that lies in the azimuth plane. The beams of the four receive antennas (20) face outwardly away from the midpoint (93) and thereby cover the full azimuth plane. The transmit portion (1) of the antenna is a colinear set of dipole elements (12) arranged within a cylinder (11) that is orthogonal to the azimuth plane and centered on said midpoint (93).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 6, 1991
    Assignee: Loral Aerospace Corp.
    Inventor: Walter J. Kaminski
  • Patent number: 5012256
    Abstract: A radiating element comprises a groundplane, a dielectric layer and a conductive pattern comprising a folded dipole (20, 21), a feed line (18, 19) for the dipole and a plurality of closely spaced directors (22), all lying in a common plane parallel to the ground plane. An array of such elements with a suitable feed network provides a flat antenna with a squinted beam. The squint angle can be adjusted by adjusting the phase delay between columns of elements. The beam can be steered by selection of the appropriate squint angle and by rotationally adjusting the antenna in its own plane. The antenna is suitable as a less obtrusive alternative to a dish antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 1988
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1991
    Assignee: British Broadcasting Corporation
    Inventor: Mark C. D. Maddocks
  • Patent number: 4812855
    Abstract: A dipole antenna system includes a driven dipole element and two parallel parasitic dipole elements equally spaced from the driven dipole element. Dual polarization can also be achieved by using two such systems arranged orthogonally.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1985
    Date of Patent: March 14, 1989
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Richard J. Coe, Margaret S. Morse
  • Patent number: 4575728
    Abstract: A vertical dipole array (2, 3 to 2.sup.(n), 3.sup.(n)) is formed on a substrate (1) using stripline techniques. The dipoles are supplied with RF energy from a feed system consisting of stripline conductors (4, 4', 5, 6, 7, 7', 9, 12). By a parasitic compensating radiator (11) provided opposite these conductors on the same side of the substrate, the influence of the conductors on the radiation pattern of the dipoles is largely compensated for.The conductors of the feed system are arranged so that a combination of a parallel feed and an equal line length series feed (or, if the radiation pattern is to be raised, a series feed with suitably chosen line lengths) is obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 1983
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1986
    Assignee: International Standard Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Theobald, Gerhard Greving
  • Patent number: 4518968
    Abstract: Multiband dipole antennas connected to a coaxial feeder are usually not balanced and are not operated at maximum efficiency. In the present invention pairs of capacitors are connected at the feed point of respective half-wave dipoles, associated with different frequency bands to reduce these deficiencies. A similar technique is useful for single band half-wave dipoles and allows unbalanced multiband ground plane antennas to be constructed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 1982
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1985
    Assignee: National Research Development Corporation
    Inventor: Maurice C. Hately
  • Patent number: 4426649
    Abstract: The invention relates to doublet plates and the method of making them so t they may operate at very high frequencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 1981
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1984
    Assignees: L'Etat Francais, represente par le Secretaire d'Etat aux Postes et des a la Telediffusion (Centre National d'Etudes des Telecommunications), Etablissement Public de Diffusion dit "Telediffusion de France"
    Inventors: Gerard Dubost, Claude J. Vinatier
  • Patent number: 4204213
    Abstract: A flexible strap-like antenna which may be supported on the outside surface of an aerostat includes a first substrate member having conductors thereon in a pattern which includes a center conductor and dipole antennas on either side of the center conductor. A ground conductor is disposed over the center conductor and is electrically insulated from it by an insulating strip sandwiched between them. A second or covering substrate seals the layered arrangement.To achieve broad band operation, an array of antennas is provided with the width of the center conductor being varied for certain different sections thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 1978
    Date of Patent: May 20, 1980
    Assignee: Westinghouse Electric Corp.
    Inventors: Myron S. Wheeler, Stephen L. Creasy
  • Patent number: 4038662
    Abstract: A broadband antenna in the form of a multiple element interlaced dipole array is mounted on a thin elongated strip of dielectric material which is mechanically flexible, light weight and electrically small. Each dipole has a first tapered radiator section with an inductive loading section electrically connected to one end of the tapered radiator section. A capacitive end-loading section is connected to the inductive loading section. Second tapered radiator sections are joined to one another by a second inductive loading section. The inductive loading sections increase the effective electrical length of the first and second tapered radiators, respectively. A UHF gap filling conductor is connected to each of the dipoles to suppress grating lobes at the high-frequency end of the frequency spectrum received by the antenna.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1975
    Date of Patent: July 26, 1977
    Assignee: Ball Brothers Research Corporation
    Inventor: Edwin M. Turner