For Quadrature Signal (e.g., Ntsc) Patents (Class 348/641)
  • Patent number: 9571136
    Abstract: An apparatus for receiving signals in a radio frequency system includes a low noise amplifier that amplifies and filters a signal received from an antenna; a first frequency mixer that mixes the signal output from the low noise amplifier and an oscillation signal supplied from a local oscillator to create a signal of an intermediate frequency; a second frequency mixer that mixes the signal of an intermediate frequency and one or more oscillation signals that have an offset added to have different frequency channels, which have a predetermined bandwidth, to create one or more signals of a baseband frequency; a channel selection filter that divides one or more signals generated in the second frequency mixer into one or more different frequency channels having a predetermined bandwidth using the offset; and an amplifier that amplifies the signals that have been filtered in the channel selection filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2017
    Assignee: FCI INC.
    Inventor: Myung-woon Hwang
  • Patent number: 8107013
    Abstract: An apparatus for recovering a chrominance signal from a sequential color with memory (SECAM) composite video baseband signal (CVBS), and more particularly, to a frequency demodulator and method of recovering a SECAM chrominance signal which can utilize both a real number portion and an imaginary number portion, and generate a frequency-demodulated chrominance signal using an arctangent approximation, and thereby can simplify a circuit configuration of a frequency demodulator to perform a fixed-point calculation is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2012
    Assignee: Nextchip Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyo-Ju Kim, Seong-Won Lee, Do-Gyun Kim, Yun-Sung Wang, Ji-Hoon Jang
  • Patent number: 8077997
    Abstract: An image processing method and an image processing apparatus are provided. After receiving an image signal, the image and apparatus according to the invention first judge whether a target block in the image signal includes a non-chroma line. If the judging result is YES, a first edge detection procedure will be performed on the non-chroma line. If the judging result is NO, a second edge detection procedure will be performed on the target block.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignee: MStar Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Ming-Hao Liao, Jen-Shi Wu, Chung-Yi Chen
  • Patent number: 7355655
    Abstract: Systems and method are provided for luma-chroma separation. A demodulator system demodulates a composite video signal to produce at least two baseband chroma signals. A given baseband chroma signal contains chroma information for one of a plurality of video frames comprising the composite signal. A three-dimensional (3-D) comb filter removes luma information from a given baseband chroma signal by combining sets of at least two baseband chroma signals to form a 3-D filtered baseband signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Weider Peter Chang, Karl Renner, Ramesh M. Chandrasekaran, Steven Clynes, Jason Meiners
  • Patent number: 7277134
    Abstract: An NTSC system chrominance signal demodulation apparatus is provided with a clock timing change circuit for burst-locking an input signal under the state where the phase is shifted by 90 degrees for every line, and phase axis rotation circuits for performing phase axis rotation, thereby to enable conversion of the phase axis of the burst signal. Therefore, demodulation of a PAL system chrominance signal can be carried out as well as demodulation of an NTSC system chrominance signal, and thereby demodulation of chrominance signals can be carried out using a common device regardless of the broadcast systems such as NTSC and PAL. Further, demodulation of chrominance signals can be carried out even under adverse conditions such as weak electric field or level compression of the burst signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2007
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshihiro Matsumura, Kazuya Miyashita
  • Patent number: 7227585
    Abstract: Provided are decoding methods and decoders for separating luminance and chrominance components of a video signal. In one aspect, a reference subcarrier of a first line of the video signal is used for subsequent lines by applying an appropriate rotation to the reference subcarrier of the first line for each subsequent line. In another aspect, comb filtering is adaptively controlled based on determining whether 90 or 180 degrees relationship is maintained from line to line. In a further aspect, both complimentary and non-complimentary comb filtering are implemented. In yet another aspect, SECAM bell filtering is achieved by rotating the video signal to obtain a baseband signal, low-pass filtering and modulating the baseband signal, and subtracting the modulated low-pass filtered baseband signal from the video signal to notch the chroma component from the luma component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 5, 2007
    Assignee: Conexant Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter M. Murdock, John E. Welch
  • Patent number: 7151574
    Abstract: A device and method are provided for implementing digital baseband separation of composite video signals with reduced memory requirements. The method and device require that only the composite signal be stored in a large delay element. Multiple quadrature demodulators are employed to generate multiple delayed complex baseband signals. Therefore, no large complex baseband delay element is required.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2006
    Assignee: ESS Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Ping Dong, Jordan C. Cookman
  • Patent number: 7098967
    Abstract: Frequency conversion into a first intermediate frequency which is higher than a received frequency band is performed for a received signal by using a mixer and a PLL. Next, an output of the mixer is frequency converted into a second intermediate frequency of a base band by using a quadrature mixer formed by mixers and a phase shifter. At this time, a frequency of the local oscillation signal of a PLL supplied to the quadrature mixer is controlled so as to be switched, depending on a position of the received segment, between a frequency which is higher than the first intermediate frequency and a frequency which is lower than the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2006
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Ippei Kanno, Hiroaki Ozeki, Yasuo Oba, Akira Fujishima, Mineyuki Iwaida
  • Patent number: 6559899
    Abstract: A digital television tuner is realized in which the construction of a baseband signal processing portion is simple, it is difficult for a local oscillation signal to leak to the input end side, and in which image interference is suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2003
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Takao Suzuki, Akira Takayama, Shigeru Osada
  • Publication number: 20030007101
    Abstract: A chroma-decoder 1 has two SRCs 17 and 21. The first SRC 17 performs down-conversion, changing the sampling rate of a composite video signal sampled with a system clock signal Cs to the sampling rate (14.3 MHz) of an NTSC signal. The signal generated by the SRC 17 is output in synchronism with the system clock signal Cs. The signal is then divided into a luminance signal Y and a color-difference signal C, which are subjected to chroma decoding. The second SRC 21 performs down-conversion, changing the sampling rate of the luminance signal and color-difference signal of the NTSC signal to the sampling rate (13.5 MHz) of an ITU-R601 standard.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2002
    Publication date: January 9, 2003
    Inventor: Naoki Kumazawa
  • Publication number: 20020171771
    Abstract: An absolute-value difference arithmetic section obtains an absolute-value difference from a first component and a second component. A component discriminating section or a signal discriminating section (circuit) discriminates an inputted chroma signal by phase discrimination and distance discrimination using the absolute-value difference. A correction executing section corrects the phase of the inputted chroma signal using the absolute-value difference. The absolute-value difference arithmetic section is formed by an adder and/or a subtracter on a small circuit scale.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 9, 2002
    Publication date: November 21, 2002
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Inada, Shinji Yamashita
  • Patent number: 6356145
    Abstract: A demodulator circuit including: a signal generating circuit for generating a sine-wave signal and a cosine-wave signal whose frequencies are same as that of the carrier wave of a modulated signal, a multiplying circuit for multiplying the modulated signal by the sine-wave signal and the cosine-wave signal generated by the signal generating circuit, and a filtering circuit for eliminating the frequency twice as high as that of the carrier wave from each of the results of the computation conducted by the multiplying circuit. Due to this, no restriction is imposed by the frequency of the system clock signal in configuring the system as a whole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2000
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2002
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha, Mitsubishi Electric System LSI Design Corporation
    Inventor: Yoshihiro Inada
  • Patent number: 6215528
    Abstract: The key component of a digital PAL or NTSC color decoder is a quadrature demodulator for these AM modulated signals. For a SECAM color decoder, however, an FM demodulation is required which is conventionally implemented using a Hilbert filter which is followed by a CORDIC processor and a differentiation stage. It would be advantageous if for multi-standard applications a general-purpose color demodulator for PAL, NTSC and SECAM systems could be implemented on one chip having as much as possible common demodulation processing stages. According to the invention a single common quadrature mixer is used for all three color systems. A resulting bias effect caused by the use of a single mixing frequency is corrected in a clamping stage. The bias effect can also be used for line identification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2001
    Assignee: Deutsche Thomson-Brandt GmbH
    Inventors: Jinan Lin, Maximilian Erbar
  • Patent number: 6172713
    Abstract: A color system determination circuit for use with an input video signal having a frequency component is disclosed. The circuit includes a color trap filter for attenuating the frequency component in the input video signal with the color trap filter providing a color burst output signal, a comparator for comparing the color burst output signal of the color trap filter and the frequency component of the input video signal, a maximum value detector which receives the color burst output signal of the color trap filter and a color burst sampling signal and detects a maximum value of the color burst output signal of the color trap filter during a period of the color burst sampling signal, and another maximum value detector which receives the video signal and the color burst sampling signal and detects a maximum value of the video signal during the period of the color burst sampling signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 1997
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2001
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Hisao Morita
  • Patent number: 6124898
    Abstract: A digital television signal receiver in a television set or in a digital video recorder digitizes received digital television signal as converted in frequency to a final intermediate-frequency band close to baseband, then performs equalization filtering on the digitized signal before demodulating it in the digital regime to regenerate baseband symbol coding. The equalization filtering is adaptive, and weighting coefficients for this filtering are adjusted in response to portions of the regenerated baseband symbol coding. Initial adjustment of the weighting coefficients is preferably done using selected portions of the data field synchronizing signal as a ghost cancellation reference signal, in order that convergence of the weighting coefficients to desired values proceeds more rapidly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 26, 2000
    Assignee: Samsung Elctronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chandrakant B. Patel, Allen LeRoy Limberg
  • Patent number: 6094235
    Abstract: A digital television broadcast receiver comprising a digital signal demodulator, wherein the frequency of an intermediate frequency signal is made higher than the maximum frequency of any received signal, the intermediate frequency signal being demodulated by the digital signal demodulator, whereby interference attributable to a carrier signal from an oscillator of the demodulator is suppressed during demodulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Alps Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Michihiro Komatsu, Akira Takayama
  • Patent number: 6064446
    Abstract: In a method of demodulating an analog chrominance signal (C), digital quadrature signals are generated (DPA, SIN ROM, COS ROM) for demodulating (MUL DAC U, MUL DAC V) the analog chrominance signal (C) to obtain analog demodulated color difference signals (U, V). A digital phase error signal is furnished (.SIGMA..DELTA.mod) from at least one (V) of the analog demodulated color difference signals (U, V). The digital phase error signal is digitally filtered (DLF) to obtain a phase control signal (K) for the digital quadrature signals generation (DPA, SIN ROM, COS ROM).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 16, 2000
    Assignee: U.S. Philips Corporation
    Inventors: Roy W.B. Wissing, Roy P.M. Van Lammeren, Marcellinus J.M. Pelgrom
  • Patent number: 5926220
    Abstract: In accordance with an illustrative embodiment of the invention, a composite video signal is decoded as follows. A filtered and optionally re-sampled luminance component is obtained by vertical low-pass filtering the composite video signal using a vertical low-pass filter. The vertical low-pass filter may also be a re-sampler so that the output is optionally a filtered and re-sampled luminance signal. (Note that the use of a single vertical low-pass filter and re-sampler is more efficient than the prior art which uses a luma comb filter followed by a vertical filter/re-sampler to obtain the filtered and optionally re-sampled luminance component). Filtered and re-sampled chrominance components are obtained by first vertically high-pass filtering and re-sampling the composite video signal using a vertical high pass filter/re-sampler. This results in filtered and re-sampled but still quadrature modulated chroma signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1997
    Date of Patent: July 20, 1999
    Assignee: C-Cube Microsystems, Inc.
    Inventor: Elliot N. Linzer
  • Patent number: 5654767
    Abstract: In a digital chrominance signal demodulating device receiving a carrier chrominance signal obtained by digitizing an analog composite video signal, a frequency component near the horizontal frequency of the color subcarrier is extracted, and color-difference signals are output. An identifying circuit forms a selection signal for identifying one of the color-difference signals contained in the carrier chrominance signal, within a color burst signal period, on the basis of a system clock and a horizontal sync signal. A selecting circuit selects the color-difference signals on the basis of the selection signal. The color-difference signals obtained by sampling in accordance with the system clock are kept in phase with the color burst signal. Accordingly, the digital chrominance signal can be demodulated by the use of less expensive digital circuits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Denki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tomoaki Ikeda, Kazuhiko Yawata
  • Patent number: 5640205
    Abstract: In a camera section, a luminance signal and the predetermined hue gate signal are modulated by a modulator in a quadrature modulation manner and the modulated signal is transmitted to a camera control unit via a cable. The modulated signal is separated by a branching filter in the unit and demodulated by a demodulator to generate the luminance signal and the detection signal. A signal to which the luminance signal and the detection signal are added, is used as a monitor video signal and a white image is displayed on a monitor screen within a range for the detection signal. Thus, the range detection signal can be observed with the monitor screen. Since the unit uses the added signal as the monitor video signal and the luminance signal for another purpose, the range of the detection signal can be observed by the monitor screen while using the luminance signal for another purpose.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Tamotsu Munakata, Masahiro Kawakami, Kinichi Ohtsu
  • Patent number: 5627588
    Abstract: An image is captured into a video signal by an array sensor with color stripes. The system first interprets the highest frequencies of the signal as an upper sideband of the I color component so as to double the recoverable bandwidth of color detail. From the upper sideband of the signal, the corresponding lower color sideband is predicted and its effect is then subtracted from the luminance component, from which, in turn, an image is generated. The resulting image is enhanced in sharpness and has fewer artifacts. Color may be demodulated from sensor signal and the predominant I color vector demodulated from the color carrier utilizing an asymmetric sideband filter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventor: Albert D. Edgar
  • Patent number: 5574513
    Abstract: A video signal processor controls aperture correction of the video signal by detecting the occurrence of particular colors in the image produced by the video signal. The particular color, for example, fleshtone, is detected as a ratio of the amplitude of an in-phase color signal and the magnitude of its corresponding quadrature phase color signal. This defines a range of color phases which are classified as the particular color, regardless of their saturation. The detected color is converted into a control signal which changes the amplitude of the aperture correction signal. In one embodiment the control signal has a value of zero if the detected color is within the range of color phases and a value of one otherwise. This control signal is used as a multiplier for the aperture correction signal. In another embodiment, a second range of colors is defined around the defined range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 12, 1996
    Assignee: Panasonic Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Robert Topper
  • Patent number: 5526060
    Abstract: A decoder that provides simultaneous horizontal scanning lines for digital color video, and then band splits each line into high and low frequency signals using low pass filters and subtractors to subtract the low frequency signals from the source video. The high and low frequency signals and the source video for each line is fed to a three tap comb filter, and the high and low frequency signal inputs to the comb filter are also fed to a vertical transition detector that demodulates the high frequency signals, and then provides differences between pairs of lines for luma, chroma magnitude, and chroma phase. The difference signals are used to provide a control signal that automatically switches the comb filter from a three line weighted comb to a two line comb when large vertical transitions are detected in luma, chroma magnitude, or chroma phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Assignee: Raytheon Company
    Inventor: Dean L. Raby
  • Patent number: 5500739
    Abstract: A frequency-multiplexed video signal is generated in which a color-under signal and a second under signal are linearly combined with at least partially overlapping frequency spectra to form a composite under signal for an FM luma signal. The frequency-multiplexed video signal is suited for recording on magnetic tape using helical scanning methods and for being played back from the magnetic tape using helical scanning methods. The second under signal is generated in such way that line-comb filtering can be used during playback to separate color-under signal and second under signal each from the composite signal despite their frequency spectra being at least partially overlapping in the composite signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 19, 1996
    Assignee: SamSung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Christopher H. Strolle, Chandrakant B. Patel, Werner F. Wedam, Raymond Schnitzler, Hermann J. Weckenbrock, Jung-Wan Ko, Jong-Kwung Yun, Allen L. Limberg
  • Patent number: 5495203
    Abstract: A QAM demodulator that samples an IF input modulated with data at a fractional complex sampling rate between one and two times the data rate. The use of a fractional sampling rate significantly reduces the number of components necessary to implement the demodulator, particularly in the equalizer section of the demodulator which corrects for channel distortion. The fractional sampling rate demodulator architecture of the invention provides a significant reduction in integrated circuit surface area needed in a VLSI implementation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Assignee: Applied Signal Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey C. Harp, Lee Snyder, Ernest Tsui
  • Patent number: 5477199
    Abstract: A synchronous detector for demodulating and decoding a digital data signal modulated either according to a vestigial sideband or a quadrature amplitude modulation scheme is based upon the principle of recognizing that a vestigial sideband signal may be regarded and treated as an offset-keyed QAM signal. The detector comprises a tuner for tuning to a center frequency symmetrically displaced within the transmitted digital data signal frequency spectrum and a decoder circuit selectively operating to reconstruct the transmitted digital data stream according to the duration of a transmitted data symbol. A related method of demodulating and decoding a modulated digital data stream comprises analogous steps of tuning to a center carrier frequency and selectively switching between in phase and quadrature arms of the demodulator such that the switch resides in one position or the other for a duration equal to half the duration of a transmitted data symbol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 19, 1995
    Assignee: Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.
    Inventor: Leo Montreuil
  • Patent number: 5396294
    Abstract: Different from typical signal processing which employs a feedback control, by adopting a demodulating circuit employing AFC, which is not affected by a comb filter, the response characteristic against jitter is improved and a down converted chrominance signal can be demodulated with a good accuracy. Therefore, the noise rejection effect by a comb filter is improved, the detecting accuracy of the residual phase error is also improved, and the S/N ratio of the phase is improved by combining feedforward APC compensation with a velocity error, and this results in a much improved picture quality.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 7, 1995
    Assignee: Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kunihiko Fujii, Naoshi Usuki
  • Patent number: 5379077
    Abstract: A system converts PAL and NTSC pixel clock signals to signals (in a studio, digital or square pixel format) at a sub-carrier frequency individual to the PAL and NTSC formats. The system includes a first register for providing a particular increase in the register count upon each occurrence of a pixel clock signal. Any remainder in the first register upon the production of the output signal is introduced to the register upon the occurrence of the next pixel clock signal. The particular increase in the first register count is controlled by a value in a second register, this value being adjustable dependent upon the system format and mode. A sequence of registers may be substituted for the first register with each register receiving an output from the previous register in the sequence. The system also converts signals representing the primary colors to luminance and chrominance signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 3, 1995
    Assignee: Brooktree Corporation
    Inventors: Keith A. Jack, Douglas D. Moran, David J. Wicker
  • Patent number: 5359368
    Abstract: A line locked digital color demodulator separates the V and U color components and the burst signal and uses a ROM for providing phase shifts to the V and U demodulation axes. During the burst time of an NTSC signal, the color component axes are shifted by such that the burst signal produces equal components along the axes. A correction signal is developed in response to this shifting and is used in conjunction with a frequency error signal for continuously addressing the ROM. The error signal is developed by counting the number of clock pulses over a 16 line period and comparing the number counted with a standard number for the type signal being received. The error signal is combined with the correction signal for adjusting the phase of the V and U demodulation axes. For a PAL signal, the burst is normalized to always be at and its components along the V and -U axes are compared as with the NTSC signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Assignee: Zenith Electronics Corporation
    Inventor: Gopal K. Srivastava
  • Patent number: 5287170
    Abstract: A broadcasting signal detecting circuit of a SECAM system can easily determine whether the received broadcasting is from a PAL or SECAM system in accordance with the existence of a color burst at the position of a delayed burst gate pulse, using the fact that within the back porch of the horizontal sync signal, the color burst loading period is different.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1992
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yong-jin Kim
  • Patent number: RE39214
    Abstract: Text and graphics elements may be alpha blended in a way to reduce flicker when the text or graphics are display by a processor-based television receiver. The alpha values are used to intelligently smooth pixels adjacent the element to create television text and graphics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2006
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventor: Paul S. Gryskiewicz