For Cornea Curvature Measurement Patents (Class 351/212)
  • Patent number: 11950846
    Abstract: A device for determining biometric variables of the eye, as are incorporated in the calculation of intraocular lenses including a multi-point keratometer and an OCT arrangement. The keratometer measurement points are illuminated telecentrically and detected telecentrically and the OCT arrangement is designed as a laterally scanning swept-source system with a detection region detecting the whole eye over the whole axial length thereof. Illumination points are arranged in three rings concentrically around an instrument axis; and the three rings include a first ring, a second ring and a third ring and the illumination points on the first ring and the third ring are rotated in relation to the illumination points on the second ring such that each of the illumination points on the first ring is on a common radial with one of the illumination points on the third ring and each of the illumination points on the second ring is not on the common radial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2022
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2024
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Meditec AG
    Inventors: Ralf Ebersbach, Martin Hacker, Gerard Antkowiak, Peter Klopfleisch, Ferid Bajramovic, Tobias B├╝hren, Matthias Reich
  • Patent number: 11925415
    Abstract: A slit lamp microscope of some embodiment examples includes an illumination system, first photographing system, first movement mechanism, and controller. The illumination system includes a slit forming unit that forms a slit for generating slit light and projects the slit light onto an anterior segment of a subject's eye from a first direction. The first photographing system photographs the anterior segment onto which the slit light is being projected, from a second direction different from the first direction. The first movement mechanism moves a movable portion that includes at least the slit forming unit. The controller performs a first control for the first movement mechanism to move the movable portion and a second control for the first photographing system to photograph the anterior segment a plurality of times in parallel with each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2024
    Assignee: TOPCON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kazuhiro Ohmori, Yasufumi Fukuma, Satoshi Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 11914156
    Abstract: Systems and methods for auto-calibrating a virtual reality (VR) or augmented reality (AR) head-mounted display to a given user with a refractive condition without adding corrective lenses to optical elements of the head-mounted display and without requiring subjective refraction procedures. One such method comprises determining, by a refraction headset in operative communication with a near-to-eye head-mounted display, a wavefront map of an eye of a user based on comparing a shape of a wavefront associated with the eye to a reference wavefront; controlling, by an imaging system of the near-to-eye head-mounted display, a stereoscopic display device based on the wavefront map to modify image light representative of a desired image for display to the user; and transmitting, without the use of user-customized corrective eyewear, the modified image light from the stereoscopic display device through optical elements of the near-to-eye head-mounted display toward the eye of the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2023
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2024
    Assignee: United Services Automobile Association (USAA)
    Inventor: Amanda D. Fernandez
  • Patent number: 11890054
    Abstract: A mobile communication device-based corneal topography system includes an illumination system, a mobile communication device and a corneal topography optical housing. The illumination system is configured to generate an illumination pattern and to generate reflections of the illumination pattern off a cornea of a subject, wherein the illumination system is aligned along an axis of centers of the illumination pattern. The mobile communication device includes an image sensor to capture an image of the reflected illumination pattern. The corneal topography optical housing is coupled to the illumination system and the mobile communication device, wherein the corneal topography optical housing supports and aligns the illumination system with the image sensor of the mobile communication device. The corneal topography optical housing includes an imaging system coupled to the image sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2022
    Date of Patent: February 6, 2024
    Inventors: David A Wallace, Stephen D Klyce, John R Rogers, R Stephen Mulder, Mark A Kahan, Paul E Glenn
  • Patent number: 11849997
    Abstract: Apparatuses or methods for determining a refractive error of an eye are disclosed. An intensity of light coming from an eye is measured, using a detector device, through at least two or at least three different apertures of the aperture device. The refractive error is then calculated based on the measured intensities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2023
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2023
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Vision International GmbH
    Inventors: Nikolai Suchkov, Alexander Leube, Siegfried Wahl
  • Patent number: 11844586
    Abstract: Eyelid illumination systems and methods for imaging meibomian glands for meibomian gland analysis are disclosed. In one embodiment, a patient's eyelid is IR trans-illuminated with an infrared (IR) light. A trans-illumination image of the patient's eyelid is captured, showing meibomian glands in dark outlined areas, whereas non-gland material is shown in light areas. This provides a high contrast image of the meibomian glands that is X-ray-like. The lid trans-illumination image of the meibomian glands can be analyzed to determine to diagnose the meibomian glands in the patient's eyelid. The eyelid may be trans-illuminated by a lid-flipping device configured to grasp and flip the eyelid for imaging the interior surface of the eyelid. Also, an IR surface meibography image of the meibomian glands may also be captured and combined with the trans-illumination image of the meibomian glands to provide a higher contrast image of the meibomian glands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2021
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2023
    Assignee: Tearscience, Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen M. Grenon, Donald R. Korb, Joshua Grenon, Scott Liddle, Steve Bacich, John M. Jans
  • Patent number: 11751764
    Abstract: In certain embodiments, a system for measuring the posterior corneal surface of the cornea comprises cameras and a computer. Each camera generates image data representing a part of the eye posterior to the cornea. The image data describes locations of features of the part. The computer stores a description of the shape of an anterior corneal surface of the cornea, and applies a ray-tracing process to determine the shape of the posterior corneal surface. The ray-tracing process comprises defining rays, where each ray is traced from a camera, through the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces, and to the part of the eye. Constraints for the rays are determined, where the constraints are calculated using the description of the shape of the anterior corneal surface and locations of the features in the image data. Parameters are optimized, and the optimized parameters describe the shape of the posterior corneal surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2023
    Assignee: Alcon Inc.
    Inventors: Daniil Nekrassov, Martin Gruendig
  • Patent number: 11751763
    Abstract: An optical measurement instrument includes optical coherence tomography (OCT) interferometer and a pupil retro illumination system which directs laser light onto the retina of an eye via the sample arm of the OCT interferometer. The laser light passes through an intraocular lens (IOL) implanted into the eye, and an iris camera captures an image of the eye from a portion of the light returned from the retina of the eye, the returned light also passing through the IOL. One or more fiducials of the IOL are detected from the captured image, and an angular orientation of the eye is ascertained from the one or more detected fiducials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2023
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventor: Richard J. Copland
  • Patent number: 11737664
    Abstract: A perimeter, including two types: one is a fixation forcing perimeter, and the other is an objective perimeter combined with electro-physiology under forced fixation; the perimeter comprises a fixation forcing device, a display conduction device, a perimetry display device, a feedback device for recording feedback information, and a control center for controlling the perimetry display device and collecting feedback information; the fixation forcing device comprises a negative pressure ring (2) and a negative pressure tube (3), and is adsorbed to the eyeball by negative pressure; when the eyeball moves, the fixation forcing device moves synchronously, and the fixation is forced at the same position, thereby eliminating the influence of a fixation point on the examination results of the perimeter; in the objective perimeter, an electro-physiological signal after forced fixation is automatically recorded by an electro-physiological instrument, so that the subjective response of a patient is eliminated, and the e
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2023
    Inventor: Chen Lin
  • Patent number: 11730361
    Abstract: An instrument includes: one or more scanning mirrors to receive an OCT sample beam and to scan the sample beam in two orthogonal directions; and an optical system to receive the sample beam and provide the sample beam to an eye. The optical system includes: a first lens having a first focal length, disposed along an optical path from the scanning mirror(s) to the eye at a distance from the cornea which is approximately equal to the first focal length, and a second lens disposed along the optical path between the first lens and the scanning mirror(s). The second lens receives the sample beam from the scanning mirror(s) and provides the sample beam to the first lens as a converging beam such that, as the sample beam is scanned, the sample beam passes through a pivot point located along an optical axis between the eye and the first lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventor: Richard J. Copland
  • Patent number: 11730359
    Abstract: An optical measurement system and apparatus for carrying out cataract diagnostics in an eye of a patient includes a Corneal Topography Subsystem, a wavefront aberrometer subsystem, and an eye structure imaging subsystem, wherein the subsystems have a shared optical axis, and each subsystem is operatively coupled to the others via a controller. The eye structure imaging subsystem is preferably a fourierdomain optical coherence tomographer, and more preferably, a swept source OCT.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2023
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventors: Daniel Neal, Thomas D. Raymond, Richard J. Copland, Wei Xiong, Paul D. Pulaski, Stephen Farrer, Carmen Canovas Vidal, Daniel Hamrick
  • Patent number: 11723727
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to systems and methods for performing eye surgery in which a single image that simultaneously presents a graphical representation of a planned or actual flap location superimposed with a graphical representation of a planned or actual area of ablation is used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2023
    Assignee: Alcon Inc.
    Inventors: Michael Wittnebel, Mario Abraham, Stefan Schmid, Maik Lange, Martin Starigk
  • Patent number: 11717262
    Abstract: An imaging apparatus is disclosed for diagnosis including a plurality of transmitting and receiving units, an error of a scale of a tomographic image to be generated is reduced. The imaging apparatus includes a transmitting and receiving unit comprising a first transmitting and receiving unit configured to perform transmission and reception of an ultrasound signal and a second transmitting and receiving unit configured to perform transmission and reception of an optical signal when rotating in the lumen of the measurement subject body; and a processor configured to: convert positional information of each position outside the range in which the flushing liquid flows regarding the ultrasound line data generated by the processor based on a ratio between the ultrasound propagation velocity in the flushing liquid and the ultrasound propagation velocity in the blood vessel; and construct the first tomographic image using the ultrasound line data which is converted by the processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: August 8, 2023
    Assignee: TERUMO KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Ema Itoh, Isao Mori
  • Patent number: 11693194
    Abstract: An optical block includes a first surface that receives light entering the optical block, a second surface through which the light exits the optical block, and a reflector that reflects light from the first surface towards the second surface. The reflector includes a textured surface that scatters or absorbs some of the light received from the first surface to attenuate the light exiting the optical block through the second surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2023
    Assignee: SAMTEC, INC.
    Inventors: Jignesh H. Shah, William J. Kozlovsky, David A. Langsam, Raymond J. Lee, R. Brad Bettman, Eric Jean Zbinden
  • Patent number: 11686945
    Abstract: A method including determining a maximum luminance location of a display based on a field of view of an eye of a user of the display, and driving a plurality of light sources in the display based on locations of the plurality of light sources with respect to the maximum luminance location of the display. The plurality of light sources is controlled to have different luminance levels in different display zones corresponding to different zones on the retina of the eye of the user. In some examples, the display zones of the display system that have higher luminance levels can be dynamically changed based on the field of view or the gaze direction of the eye of the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2021
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2023
    Assignee: META PLATFORMS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Min Hyuk Choi, Zhiming Zhuang, Wonjae Choi, Cheonhong Kim
  • Patent number: 11598964
    Abstract: A freeform varifocal optical assembly includes at least three optical modules including a first plurality of optical elements including Pancharatnam-Berry phase (PBP) lenses, polarization sensitive hologram (PSH) lenses, metamaterials, or combinations thereof. The plurality of optical elements of each optical module include a property associated with a Zernike polynomial. Each of the first and the three optical modules are configurable between a plurality of optical powers. The freeform varifocal optical assembly is configurable to output a predetermined wavefront in response to an input wavefront.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2023
    Assignee: META PLATFORMS TECHNOLOGIES, LLC
    Inventors: Afsoon Jamali, Gang Li, Changwon Jang
  • Patent number: 11576648
    Abstract: An ultrasound diagnostic apparatus 1 includes an image acquisition unit 8 that transmits an ultrasound beam from an ultrasound probe 18 to a subject to acquire an ultrasound image, an optic nerve recognition unit 9 that performs image analysis on the ultrasound image acquired by the image acquisition unit 8 to recognize an optic nerve of the subject, an optic nerve evaluation unit 10 that evaluates a shape of the optic nerve of the subject recognized by the optic nerve recognition unit 9 on the basis of an anatomical structure, and an operation guide unit 12 that guides a user to operate the ultrasound probe 18 so as to acquire an ultrasound image for measurement of the optic nerve of the subject on the basis of an evaluation result obtained by the optic nerve evaluation unit 10.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2023
    Assignee: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Mitsuru Negishi
  • Patent number: 11573432
    Abstract: A method for fitting OK lenses to a patient comprising the steps of: applying a corneal topography apparatus to a patient to capture baseline and post wear maps of a cornea of the patient in a computer to thereby derive a difference map; processing the difference map to fit Zernike polynomials thereto wherein weights of said fitted polynomials comprise features of a test feature vector for the difference map; applying the test feature vector to a classification machine trained to classify the difference map as one of a number of predetermined classes; and subsequently treating the patient taking into account the classification machine's classification.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2023
    Assignee: CAPRICORNIA CONTACT LENS PTY LTD
    Inventor: Paul Gifford
  • Patent number: 11547295
    Abstract: A method to perform automatic corneal topography or tomography difference mapping includes receiving one or more corneal topography or tomography data files and/or a corneal image for an examined patient from a corneal topography or tomography system; receiving personal identification parameters from captured user personal data communicated from the corneal topography or tomography system; and comparing received patient identification parameters to existing patient identification parameters in a database to identify if there are existing topography or tomography data files for a same patient in the database. The method may further include retrieving a prior topography or tomography data file for the patient from the database; and performing difference mapping by comparing the received topography or tomography data files to the prior topography or tomography data file retrieved from the database to generate a topography or tomography difference map.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2023
    Assignee: DAVCO, LLC
    Inventors: David A. Wallace, Stephen D Klyce
  • Patent number: 11546572
    Abstract: Methods and systems for digitally reconstructing a patient tissue sample are described herein. In one embodiment, the method may include projecting a first structured light pattern onto the patient tissue sample, receiving a first reflection of the first structured light pattern from the patient tissue sample, and reconstructing the patient tissue sample based on the first reflection and the projected first structured light pattern. In another embodiment, the system may include a projector adapted or configured to project the first structured light onto the patient tissue sample, a charge-coupled device (CCD) adapted or configured to receive the first reflection from the patient tissue sample, and a reconstruction device adapted or configured to reconstruct the patient tissue sample based on the first reflection and the projected first structured light pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2023
    Assignee: Rowan University
    Inventors: Ben Wu, Ying Tang, Xiao Hu
  • Patent number: 11503997
    Abstract: Disclosed embodiments may include a device, system and method for providing a low cost device that can measure refractive errors very accurately via attachment to a smart phone. A disclosed device may use ambient light or a light source in simulating the cross cylinder procedure that optometrists use by utilizing the inverse Shack-Hartman technique. The optical device may include an array of lenslets and pinholes that will force the user to effectively focus at different depths. Using an optical device, in conjunction with a smart phone, the user first changes the angle of the axis until he/she sees a cross pattern (the vertical and horizontal lines are equally spaced). The user adjusts the display, typically using the controls on the smartphone, to make the lines come together and overlap, which corresponds to bringing the view into sharp focus, thus determining the appropriate optical prescription for the user.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2022
    Assignee: EyeQue Inc.
    Inventors: John Serri, Noam Sapiens
  • Patent number: 11490807
    Abstract: A system and method for determining eye surface contour using multifocal keratometry is disclosed. The system includes a light source, a light detector, a processor, a non-transitory machine-readable medium communicatively coupled to the processor, and instructions stored on the non-transitory machine-readable medium. The instructions, when loaded and executed by the processor, cause the processor to project a light, using the light source, onto a plurality of surfaces of an eye; create, using the light detector, an image of a plurality of reflections, each of the plurality of reflections created by reflecting the light off of one of the plurality of surfaces of the eye; determine that the plurality of reflections are in focus in the image; and calculate, based on the determination, a curvature of the plurality of surfaces of the eye based on the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 8, 2022
    Assignee: Alcon Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Eil, Ole Massow, Carsten Thomas, Sascha Birkner
  • Patent number: 11471046
    Abstract: A mobile communication device-based corneal topography system includes an illumination system, an imaging system, a topography processor, an image sensor, and a mobile communication device. The illumination system is configured to generate an illumination pattern reflected off a cornea of a subject. The imaging system is coupled to an image sensor to capture an image of the reflected illumination pattern. A topography processor is coupled to the image sensor to process the image of the reflected illumination pattern. The mobile communications device includes a display, the mobile communications device is operatively coupled to the image sensor. The mobile communications device includes a mobile communications device (MCD) processor. A housing at least partially encloses one or more of the illumination system, the imaging system, or the topography processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2022
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Assignee: Intelligent Diagnostics, LLC
    Inventors: David A. Wallace, Philip Buscemi, Stephen D Klyce, Mark A Kahan, Paul E Glenn, John Rogers, Cesare Tanassi, David Kramer, Vrunjal Mehta
  • Patent number: 11366337
    Abstract: A method is provided for use in reducing a size of halo effect in an ophthalmic lens. The method comprises: providing data indicative of a given ophthalmic lens with a first pattern providing prescribed vision improvement, processing said data indicative of the features of the first pattern and generating data indicative of a variation of at least one feature of the first pattern resulting in a second pattern which maintains said prescribed vision improvement and reduces a size of halo effect as compared to that of the lens with the first pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 21, 2022
    Assignee: Brien Holden Vision Institute Limited
    Inventors: Ofer Limon, Zeev Zalevsky, Alex Zlotnik, Shai Ben-Yaish
  • Patent number: 11353692
    Abstract: An electronic device is disclosed herein that includes an infrared light source to emit infrared light, a rolling shutter sensor, and at least one processor. The at least one processor is to: cause the rolling shutter sensor to output a first signal corresponding to a first frame of image data during exposure to the infrared light, reset the rows of the rolling shutter sensor at a same time, cause the rolling shutter sensor to output a second signal corresponding to a second frame of image data without exposure to the infrared light from the infrared light source, determine a difference between the first signal and the second signal to generate an ambient infrared free frame, and recognize a face based on the ambient infrared free frame.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Assignee: INTEL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Mikko Ollila
  • Patent number: 11331220
    Abstract: A laser eye surgery system produces a treatment beam that includes a plurality of laser pulses. An optical coherence tomography (OCT) subsystem produces a source beam used to locate one or more structures of an eye. The OCT subsystem is used to sense the distance between a camera objective on the underside of the laser eye surgery system and the patient's eye. Control electronics compare the sensed distance with a pre-determined target distance, and reposition a movable patient support toward or away the camera objective until the sensed distance is at the pre-determined target distance. A subsequent measurement dependent upon the spacing between the camera objective and the patient's eye is performed, such as determining the astigmatic axis by observing the reflection of a plurality of point source LEDs arranged in concentric rings off the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2022
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventors: Javier G. Gonzalez, David A. Dewey, Noah Bareket, Michael A. Campos, Yu-tai Ray Chen, David D. Scott
  • Patent number: 11311187
    Abstract: A system includes: a group of first light sources arranged around a central axis, the group being separated from the axis by a radial distance defining an aperture in the group; a plurality of second light sources; a detector array; and an optical system adapted to provide light from the second light sources through the aperture to a cornea of an eye, and to provide images of the first light sources and images of the second light sources from the cornea, through the aperture, to the detector array. The optical system includes a field flattener such that a shape of a surface of best focus on the detector array curves away from detector array in generally a same direction as the eye and a sclera of the eye.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventors: Richard J. Copland, Daniel R. Neal
  • Patent number: 11311189
    Abstract: An ophthalmic imaging apparatus of an exemplary aspect includes a data acquisition device, image constructing circuitry, and composing circuitry. The data acquisition device is configured to sequentially apply optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans to a plurality of regions different from each other of a fundus of a subject's eye in order and under a condition according to a fundus shape, to acquire a plurality of pieces of data corresponding to the plurality of regions. The image constructing circuitry is configured to construct an image from each of the plurality of pieces of data. The composing circuitry is configured to construct a composite image of a plurality of images constructed from the plurality of pieces of data by the image constructing circuitry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2022
    Assignee: TOPCON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Ryoichi Hirose, Toshihiro Mino, Tatsuo Yamaguchi
  • Patent number: 11273075
    Abstract: A system and apparatus for increasing the amplitude of accommodation and/or changing the refractive power and/or enabling the removal of the clear or cataractous lens material of a natural crystalline lens is provided. Generally, the system comprises a laser, optics for delivering the laser beam and a control system for delivering the laser beam to the lens in a particular pattern. There is further provided apparatus for determining the shape and position of the lens with respect to the laser. There is yet further provided a method and system for delivering a laser beam in the lens of the eye in a predetermined shot pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2022
    Assignee: Lensar, Inc.
    Inventors: Gary P. Gray, Rudolph W. Frey, Dennis R. Pape, George R. Downes, Jorge A. De Castro, Jerome R. Kuszak
  • Patent number: 11262596
    Abstract: A method of determining a refractive power value characterising an ophthalmic lens for correction of an individual's eye ametropia includes: obtaining first data representative of a refraction value and second data representative of a position of the individual's head with respect to a refraction apparatus when the refraction value was determined; determining the refractive power value as a function of the first data and of a relative position, derived the second data, of the refraction apparatus with respect to a centre of rotation of the eye when the refraction value was determined. A corresponding electronic device is also proposed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: Essilor International
    Inventors: Gilles Le Saux, Stephane Boutinon, Cecile Pietri, Helene De Rossi
  • Patent number: 11224341
    Abstract: A mobile communication device-based corneal topography system includes an illumination system, an imaging system, a topography processor, an image sensor, and a mobile communication device. The illumination system is configured to generate an illumination pattern reflected off a cornea of a subject. The imaging system is coupled to an image sensor to capture an image of the reflected illumination pattern. A topography processor is coupled to the image sensor to process the image of the reflected illumination pattern. The mobile communications device includes a display, the mobile communications device is operatively coupled to the image sensor. The mobile communications device includes a mobile communications device (MCD) processor. A housing at least partially encloses one or more of the illumination system, the imaging system, or the topography processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2021
    Date of Patent: January 18, 2022
    Assignee: Intelligent Diagnostics, LLC
    Inventors: David A. Wallace, Philip Buscemi, Stephen D Klyce, Mark A Kahan, Paul E Glenn, John Rogers, Cesare Tanassi, David Kramer, Vrunjal Mehta
  • Patent number: 11200714
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a virtual image distance measurement method, apparatus and device. The method includes: disposing a light blocking element, a lens element and an imaging element along the optical axis of the lens element in sequence, wherein a light transmitting portion is formed on the light blocking element, and the virtual image position of a measured near-eye display does not coincide with the imaging position of the lens element; presenting, by a virtual image of the measured near-eye display, multiple images on the imaging element after passing through the light blocking element and the lens element; and determining a distance measurement parameter based on the multiple images, and substituting the distance measurement parameter into a preset distance calculation formula to obtain a virtual image distance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2020
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Assignee: YUTOU TECHNOLOGY (HANGZHOU) CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Kaikai Guo
  • Patent number: 11197604
    Abstract: Improvements in capturing an image of a cornea with Placido's disk lines is disclosed. The imaging is with a clam shell clamping device that is easily clamped onto a cellular device and the lighting tube is centered on the camera so the image at the end of the tube can be captured. The clamping device includes a ring light source that illuminates the outside of the tube. The tube has a plurality of geometrically spaced light and dark rings to create evenly spaced rings on the cornea. Imperfections in the cornea will distort the rings. The camera can capture the image and the image or picture can be forwarded to a doctor or other care giver to determine the perfection or imperfection of the cornea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2021
    Inventor: Mark Schneider
  • Patent number: 11154192
    Abstract: A-confocal, interferometric measuring arrangement, a spatially resolving detector, apparatuses for positioning purposes and an evaluation unit. A beam splitter serves to output couple and image on the spatially resolving detector some of the light signal reflected by the cornea, upstream of which detector a reference light source with a delay line and a beam splitter are arranged in order to realize a superposition of the part of the light signal reflected by the cornea, to be imaged on the spatially resolving detector with a reference signal. The evaluation unit is determines the topography of the cornea from the simultaneously recorded signals of the interferometric measuring arrangement and the spatially resolving detector. The proposed solution combines a confocal FD OCT method with elements of imaging holoscopy and can thereby interferometrically measure the topography of the cornea with the necessary accuracy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 26, 2021
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Meditec AG
    Inventor: Daniel Bublitz
  • Patent number: 11153499
    Abstract: Presented herein are systems and methods that provide for fast image acquisition with a CCD camera for tomographic imaging by synchronizing illumination with the image acquisition sequence of the CCD camera. The systems and methods described herein allow images to be acquired with a CCD camera using short image acquisition times that would otherwise result in the introduction of severe artifacts into the acquired images. This unique capability is achieved by selectively illuminating the one or more object(s) to be imaged during specific phases of the CCD camera that are used to acquire an image. Reducing the time required to acquire artifact-free images in this manner allows for rapid imaging with a CCD camera. This capability is of particular relevance to tomographic imaging approaches, in which multiple images of one or more objects are acquired and used to produce a single tomographic image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2021
    Assignee: PerkinElmer Health Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Ali Behrooz, William Hurley, Ilias Faqir
  • Patent number: 11076756
    Abstract: A laser system that includes a laser source emitting a laser beam along an axis and a keratometer. The keratometer includes a first set of individual light sources that are equally spaced from one another along a first ring and that direct a first light toward an eye and a second set of individual light sources that are equally spaced from another along a second ring and direct a second light toward the eye, wherein the first ring and said second ring are co-planar and concentric with one another about the axis. The laser system includes a telecentric lens that receives the first light and second light reflected off of the eye and a detector that receives light from the telecentric lens and forms an image. The laser system also includes a processor that receives signals from said detector representative of the image and determines an astigmatism axis of the eye based on the signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Assignee: Lensar, Inc.
    Inventor: Rudolph W. Frey
  • Patent number: 11054627
    Abstract: Disclosed is a four-dimensional (4D: 3D+time) multi-plane broadband imaging apparatus capable of recording 3D multi-plane and multi-colour images simultaneously. The apparatus includes: one or more non-reentry quadratically distorted (NRQD) gratings which can produce a focal length and a spatial position corresponding to each diffraction order, thus simultaneously transmitting wavefront information between multiple object/image planes and a single image/object plane; a grism system which can limit chromatically-induced lateral smearing by creating a collimated beam in which the spectral components are laterally displaced; a lens system which is configured to adjust the optical path; and the optical detector(s). In an optical system, the multiple object/image planes, the lens system, the grism system, the NRQD grating(s), the optical detector(s) and the single image/object plane are located on the same optical axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Inventor: Yan Feng
  • Patent number: 11045086
    Abstract: A device and method for marking corneal tissue is disclosed. The device includes an ink reservoir portion and an ink resist portion. The ink reservoir portion is annular in shape and the ink resist portion occupies a central area within the annular shape. The ink reservoir portion and the ink resist portion are sized and structured to interface with the central cornea and to apply ink to the corneal tissue. The method includes applying ink to the cornea in an annular pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 29, 2021
    Inventors: William F. Wiley, John P. Berdahl
  • Patent number: 11026841
    Abstract: A laser eye surgery system includes a laser to generate a laser beam. A topography measurement system measures corneal topography. A processor is coupled to the laser and the topography measurement system, the processor embodying instructions to measure a first corneal topography of the eye. A first curvature of the cornea is determined. A target curvature of the cornea that treats the eye is determined. A first set of incisions and a set of partial incisions in the cornea smaller than the first set of incisions are determined. The set of partial incisions is incised on the cornea by the laser beam. A second corneal topography is measured. A second curvature of the cornea is determined. The second curvature is determined to differ from the target curvature and a second set of incisions are determined. The second set of incisions is incised on the cornea.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2019
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2021
    Assignee: AMO Development, LLC
    Inventors: Bruce R. Woodley, Michael J. Simoneau, Raymond Woo, Javier G. Gonzalez
  • Patent number: 11003244
    Abstract: A method for determining gaze location includes: providing a gaze tracking device including an illumination source to illuminate an eye of an observer at an angle of about 20 degrees to 40 degrees relative to a resting eye position of the eye, a camera or an imager includes at least one focusing lens, the camera or imager to acquire sequences of digital images of the eye, and a processor to run a gaze tracking process; and running the gaze tracking process to locate at least two Purkinje reflections of the illuminating source from the eye in the images. A gaze tracking system and a gaze tracking device are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: University of Rochester
    Inventors: Michele Rucci, Ruei-Jr Wu, Zhetuo Zhao
  • Patent number: 11000343
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates generally to dry inks for use in marking the eye prior to surgery and methods of applying the same to eye marking devices. Such inks can include various accepted inks for use on the eye that can be applied to a marking device using relatively fast-evaporating solvents. In this manner, the remaining ink composition can be precisely placed on the eye marking device, and desirably transfer to the marking surface of the eye without dissolving on the journey through the various membranes above the marking surface. Application methods may include use of charged ink particles that may be advantageously manipulated using magnetic fields to even more precisely place the dry ink on a marking device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: Mindskid Labs, LLC
    Inventor: Alan Wesley Brown
  • Patent number: 10996335
    Abstract: A time-of-flight (ToF) camera is configured to illuminate a subject with IR light. For each sensor of a sensor array, camera space coordinates of a locus of the subject are determined based on the measured IR light. The camera space coordinates include a phase difference between emitted IR light and reflected IR light. A plurality of candidate positions of the locus of the subject are determined in world space based on the camera space coordinates. Each candidate position corresponds to a different phase wrapping of the phase difference. A phase wrapping is determined based on performing a searching algorithm on the different candidate positions. A depth value for the sensor is calculated based on the phase difference and the phase wrapping determined from performing the searching algorithm. A matrix of pixels is outputted from the camera. Each pixel of the matrix includes a depth value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 4, 2021
    Assignee: Microsoft Technology Licensing, LLC
    Inventor: Sergio Ortiz Egea
  • Patent number: 10948743
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to lenses, devices, methods and/or systems for addressing refractive error. Certain embodiments are directed to changing or controlling the wavefront of the light entering a human eye. The lenses, devices, methods and/or systems can be used for correcting, addressing, mitigating or treating refractive errors and provide excellent vision at distances encompassing far to near without significant ghosting. The refractive error may for example arise from myopia, hyperopia, or presbyopia with or without astigmatism. Certain disclosed embodiments of lenses, devices and/or methods include embodiments that address foveal and/or peripheral vision. Exemplary of lenses in the fields of certain embodiments include contact lenses, corneal onlays, corneal inlays, and lenses for intraocular devices both anterior and posterior chamber, accommodating intraocular lenses, electro-active spectacle lenses and/or refractive surgery.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: Brien Holden Vision Institute Limited
    Inventors: Ravi Chandra Bakaraju, Klaus Ehrmann, Arthur Ho, Brien Anthony Holden
  • Patent number: 10925771
    Abstract: A device for irradiation of the eye of a living subject with light such as UV light includes a structure (20) adapted to overlie the outer surface of the eye, the structure having an axis (28, 128) extending in a downward direction (D) towards the eye when the structure overlies the eye. A light scattering element (70, 158, 141) within the structure includes a peripheral portion remote from the axis and a central portion adjacent the axis. A plurality of transmission optical fibers (42, 157) in optical communication with the peripheral portion of the light scattering element at a plurality of locations spaced around the axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: TECLens, LLC
    Inventors: Patrick David Lopath, Edward Paul Harhen, David L. Gershaw, James Paolino, David E. Acker
  • Patent number: 10884198
    Abstract: An optical block includes a first surface that receives light entering the optical block, a second surface through which the light exits the optical block, and a reflector that reflects light from the first surface towards the second surface. The reflector includes a textured surface that scatters or absorbs some of the light received from the first surface to attenuate the light exiting the optical block through the second surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: SAMTEC, INC
    Inventors: Jignesh H. Shah, William J. Kozlovsky, David A. Langsam, Raymond J. Lee, R. Brad Bettman, Eric Jean Zbinden
  • Patent number: 10863901
    Abstract: A method, a system and a computer program for determining an eyeglass prescription for an eye are disclosed. Initially, information about a measurement indicative of the refractive properties of the eye is received. Subsequently, a mathematical representation of wavefront aberrations of the eye is determined from the measurement. The mathematical representation includes a multitude of polynomials, each polynomial having an azimuthal order and a radial order. Further, the mathematical representation includes at least a first polynomial group having a common radial order, wherein the common radial order is higher than two. The eyeglass prescription is determined based on a merit function, wherein each polynomial of the first polynomial group that is used in the merit function has an azimuthal order of ?2, 0, or 2, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: December 15, 2020
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Vision International GmbH
    Inventor: Ray Steven Spratt
  • Patent number: 10762348
    Abstract: A method for determining parameters for the position and orientation of the cornea of an eye and involves the steps of generating linear structures on the iris and/or sclera of the eye, having a camera capture a first image of the eye including the linear structures, and determining, on the basis of the first image, a distance and an orientation of the linear structures in relation to the camera.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: PRECITEC OPTRONIK GMBH
    Inventors: Gabriel Palzer, Christoph Dietz, Stefan Birmanns
  • Patent number: 10740605
    Abstract: An iris collection method is used for an electronic device. The electronic device includes an iris recognition module. The iris recognition module includes an infrared light source. The iris collection method includes acquiring a distance between the iris recognition module and an iris of a person to be recognized; adjusting light intensity of transmitted infrared light according to the distance by the infrared light source, so that light intensity of infrared light reaching the iris of the person to be recognized is a target light intensity; and collecting an iris image of the iris by acquiring infrared light having the target light intensity reflected by the iris. An electronic device and a computer readable storage medium are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS CORP., LTD.
    Inventor: Yibao Zhou
  • Patent number: 10736501
    Abstract: An apparatus for carrying out an eye-related measurement on a person includes a device for generating a fixation target with a holographic element. To generate the fixation target, the holographic element is illuminated by a light source. As a result of the illumination, the fixation target arises as a virtual holographic object. The eye-related measurement is conducted on an eye or the eyes of the person fixating the fixation target. Information is conveyed to the person by switching between different fixation targets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Carl Zeiss Vision International GmbH
    Inventors: Tobias Breuninger, Markus Seesselberg, Matthias Kubitza, Frank Widulle
  • Patent number: 10729320
    Abstract: A system and method for determining eye surface contour using multifocal keratometry is disclosed. The system includes a light source, a light detector, a processor, a non-transitory machine-readable medium communicatively coupled to the processor, and instructions stored on the non-transitory machine-readable medium. The instructions, when loaded and executed by the processor, cause the processor to project a light, using the light source, onto a plurality of surfaces of an eye; create, using the light detector, an image of a plurality of reflections, each of the plurality of reflections created by reflecting the light off of one of the plurality of surfaces of the eye; determine that the plurality of reflections are in focus in the image; and calculate, based on the determination, a curvature of the plurality of surfaces of the eye based on the image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2020
    Assignee: Alcon Inc.
    Inventors: Martin Eil, Ole Massow, Carsten Thomas, Sascha Birkner