Of Light Reflection (e.g., Glass) Patents (Class 356/445)
  • Patent number: 11419482
    Abstract: An endoscope apparatus includes: an insertion portion having a distal end portion; an optical path switching unit configured to switch an optical path so that only one of a first subject image and a second subject image is imaged on an image forming area, the second subject image being an image of a subject formed by light emitted from a second objective optical system disposed at the distal end portion and having an optical magnification higher than that of the first objective optical system; an imaging element configured to generate an image acquired by picking up the first subject image and the second subject image formed in the image forming area; and an endoscope processing unit configured to control switching of the optical path based on an input zoom magnification and apply image processing to the image generated by the imaging element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Assignee: OLYMPUS CORPORATION
    Inventor: Masamitsu Ogasawara
  • Patent number: 11418668
    Abstract: An image forming system includes: an image forming apparatus; and a recording material information detecting apparatus provided outside the image forming apparatus, wherein the recording material information detecting apparatus includes a recording material information detector that detects recording material information about a recording material, and the image forming apparatus includes: an image former; an operation detector; and a hardware processor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2021
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Sayaka Ogasawara, Hiroyuki Konishi
  • Patent number: 11415512
    Abstract: An imaging apparatus (1) for imaging a sample (7) comprising an array of electronically addressable pixels (6) wherein each pixel is arranged to support a surface plasmon resonance thereinto generate an evanescent electromagnetic field (8) which extends transversely from the pixel so as to be salient from plane of the array for illuminating the sample (7). An optical detector (12) is arranged for detecting optical radiation (9, 10, 11) scattered from the evanescent electromagnetic field (8) by the sample (7). A processing unit (4) arranged to associate the detected optical radiation (9, 10, 11) with the address of the pixel or pixels within the array at which the surface plasmon resonance was generated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 16, 2022
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY COLLEGE DUBLIN, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF IRELAND, DUBLIN
    Inventor: Dominic Zerulla
  • Patent number: 11395882
    Abstract: A supplementary device configured to be releasably attached to a drug delivery device. The supplementary device comprises a housing having a channel configured to slidably receive the drug delivery device; a first alignment feature to ensure a specific alignment of the supplementary device relative to the drug delivery device and restrict rotational movement of the supplementary device around a drug delivery device; and a second alignment feature to prevent sliding movement of the supplementary device relative to the delivery device once attached thereto. The second alignment feature comprises a moveable securing member biased towards the drug delivery device, and a release member operable to move the securing member out of engagement with the drug delivery device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2022
    Assignee: Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GMBH
    Inventor: Michael Helmer
  • Patent number: 11391622
    Abstract: An optical fiber sensing system with reduced spatial resolution and noise for multiple applications and method of operating same that employs a coherent receiver configured to detect and digitize both I and Q signals in two polarizations and performs signal beating in a digital signal processor (DSP) using the polarization-diverse signals to obtain beating results for multiple polarization state pairs that effectively reduces polarization induced fading effect(s) while providing faster sensing speed(s) and more efficient filtering. Since Rayleigh signals are captured in two orthogonal polarizations, four beating products are determined at once in the DSP and all are used for fiber strain determination thereby avoiding polarization fading.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2022
    Inventors: Ezra Ip, Yue-Kai Huang, Junqiang Hu, Philip Ji, Shuji Murakami, Yaowen Li
  • Patent number: 11385162
    Abstract: Flow cells and corresponding methods are provided. The flow cells may include a support frame with top and back sides, and at least one cavity extending from the top side. The flow cells may include at least one light detection device with an active area disposed within the at least one cavity. The flow cells may include a support material disposed within the at least one cavity between the support frame and the periphery of the at least one light detection device coupling them together. The flow cells may include a lid extending over the at least one light detection device and coupled to the support frame about the periphery of the at least one light detection device. The lid and at least a top surface of the at least one light detection device form a flow channel therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2021
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2022
    Assignee: ILLUMINA, INC.
    Inventors: Arnaud Rival, Ali Agah, Tracy H. Fung, Dietrich Dehlinger, Poorya Sabounchi, Tarun Khurana, Craig M. Ciesla, M. Shane Bowen
  • Patent number: 11354764
    Abstract: A method for monitoring mobile communication and generating alerts associated with targeted content. A monitored user's mobile communication device forwards an incoming or outgoing communication to a monitoring user's mobile communication device. The monitored user's or monitoring user's mobile communication device generates an alert if it is determined that the incoming or outgoing communication contains targeted content, and an alert is provided on the monitoring user's mobile communication device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2022
    Inventor: Todd Bucciarelli
  • Patent number: 11327013
    Abstract: A specular variable angle absolute reflectometer includes a light source and a mirror system in a light path of the light source. The mirror system is configured to reflect a light beam from the light source towards a sample that is optically reflective. The device also includes an elliptical roof mirror disposed in the light path after the sample having an ellipsoidal reflector surface configured to reflect the light beam back towards the sample. The device also includes a mechanism connected to the elliptical roof mirror. The mechanism is configured to rotate the elliptical roof mirror about an axis of the sample. The device also includes a detector in the light path after the elliptical roof mirror such that the detector receives light that has been reflected from the elliptical roof mirror, thence back to the sample, thence back to the mirror system, and thence to the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2020
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2022
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Loyal Bruce Shawgo, Jeffery Thomas Murphy
  • Patent number: 11280727
    Abstract: Systems and methods for sensing vibrational absorption induced photothermal effect via a visible light source. A Mid-infrared photothermal probe (MI-PTP, or MIP) approach achieves 10 mM detection sensitivity and sub-micron lateral spatial resolution. Such performance exceeds the diffraction limit of infrared microscopy and allows label-free three-dimensional chemical imaging of live cells and organisms. Distributions of endogenous lipid and exogenous drug inside single cells can be visualized. MIP imaging technology may enable applications from monitoring metabolic activities to high-resolution mapping of drug molecules in living systems, which are beyond the reach of current infrared microscopy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 22, 2022
    Assignee: Purdue Research Foundation
    Inventors: Delong Zhang, Ji-Xin Cheng
  • Patent number: 11262314
    Abstract: A device for detecting a defect on a surface including an optical device (14) suitable for acquiring an image of the surface in a given optical direction, a lighting device (15) comprising a plurality of light sources (16), the light sources (16) being arranged in a hemisphere (20), each light source (16) having an off and an on state, an electronic calculation device (18). The electronic calculation device (18) is able to control the optical device (14) and the lighting device (15) so that the optical device (14) acquires a plurality of images of the surface, different light sources (16) or different combinations of light sources (16) being switched on for each image, the hemisphere (20) having a diameter D smaller than or equal to 50 mm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: FRAMATOME
    Inventor: Clément Skopinski
  • Patent number: 11261076
    Abstract: A beverage dispenser includes a nozzle to dispense a beverage. The beverage dispenser further includes a camera to capture an image of the beverage as the beverage is dispensed from the nozzle. The camera has a field of view that includes the beverage. The beverage dispenser further includes a light source that illuminates the field of view of the camera. The beverage dispenser further includes a computer. The computer analyzes the image of the beverage and determines a characteristic of the beverage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 13, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: PepsiCo, Inc.
    Inventors: Samuel Karol, Anthony Romano, Thore Mainart Bücking, Timothy Charles King, Joseph Albert Dolphin, Roger Bradley Millington
  • Patent number: 11262373
    Abstract: Supplying a liquid to a detection chip including a housing having an opening portion and internally housing the liquid and including an elastic sheet covering the opening portion and having a penetrating portion providing communicating between the inside and the outside of the housing, specifically by inserting a liquid delivery nozzle to the housing via the penetrating portion and supplying the liquid into the housing in a state where the nozzle is in contact with the elastic sheet so as to close the penetrating portion. The penetrating portion is one of a hole and a notch. One of the maximum length of the opening of the hole and the maximum length of the notch is smaller than the outer diameter of the nozzle at a portion coming in contact with the elastic sheet when the nozzle is inserted to close the penetrating portion when a liquid is supplied into the housing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2022
    Assignee: KONICA MINOLTA, INC.
    Inventors: Mami Takeuchi, Masataka Matsuo
  • Patent number: 11255806
    Abstract: Described are interdigitated electrodes, which may optionally be plasmonic, useful for in vitro biosensing applications. Such devices may significantly reduce undesired background noise by separating the excitation source (light) from the detection signal (current), and thereby, leading to higher sensitivity for bioanalysis compared with conventional interdigitated electrodes. Also described are methods of making such interdigitated electrodes, which allow a substrate, which may optionally be plasmonic, to be tuned not only to maximize the targeted interaction of the cells with the nanoscale geometry, but also for the excitation wavelength to minimize biological sample interference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 22, 2022
    Assignee: UNIVERSITY OF CENTRAL FLORIDA RESEARCH FOUNDATION, INC.
    Inventors: Swaminathan Rajaraman, Jayan Thomas
  • Patent number: 11237050
    Abstract: A compact spectrometer is disclosed that is suitable for use in mobile devices such as cellular telephones. In preferred embodiments, the spectrometer comprises a filter, at least one Fourier transform focusing element, a micro-lens array, and a detector, but does not use any dispersive elements. Methods for using the spectrometer as an end-user device for performing on-site determinations of food quality, in particular, by comparison with an updatable database accessible by all users of the device, are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2020
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2022
    Assignee: VERIFOOD, LTD.
    Inventors: Damian Goldring, Dror Sharon
  • Patent number: 11237374
    Abstract: An optical arrangement for imaging a sample is disclosed. The optical arrangement comprises at least one first objective lens and at least one second objective lens, at least one illumination source for producing an illumination beam, detector for imaging radiation from the sample, and at least one mirror for reflecting the radiation from one of the first objective lens or the second objective lens into the detector. The at least one mirror is double-sided and dependent on the illumination beam at the other one of the first objective lens and the second objective lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2022
    Assignee: EUROPEAN MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LABORATORY
    Inventors: Gustavo Quintas Glasner de Medeiros, Lars Hufnagel, Nils Norlin
  • Patent number: 11230266
    Abstract: A laminated glazing and related detection method is described. The laminated glazing has a detecting device to determine the presence of mist on a surface of the glazing and/or the presence of an object contacting or proximal the glazing. The detecting device including transmitter means for emitting a beam of electromagnetic radiation, detector means for detecting electromagnetic radiation and a target for non-specular reflection of first beam of electromagnetic radiation. The transmitter means is configured to emit the beam of electromagnetic radiation to illuminate the target such that electromagnetic radiation reflects therefrom to illuminate a region of a major surface of the glazing. At least a portion of the electromagnetic radiation reflected off the region is detectable by the detector means to provide a detection signal for detecting mist on the region and/or the presence of an object contacting or proximal the glazing. A detection method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2022
    Assignee: Pilkington Group Limited
    Inventor: Stephen Roland Day
  • Patent number: 11181775
    Abstract: Provided in an illumination device including a display panel including a first surface configured to display an image, a second surface opposite to the first surface, a plurality of display pixels disposed between the first surface and the second surface, and a transmission window configured to transmit light incident on the second surface through the first surface, a light source disposed at the second surface of the display panel and configured to emit light to an object toward the display panel, and a light deliverer disposed between the light source and the display panel, the light deliverer configured to deliver the light emitted from the light source to the object as flood illumination through the transmission window.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2021
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jangwoo You, Seunghoon Han, Namseop Kwon, Byunghoon Na, Minkyung Lee, Suyeon Lee
  • Patent number: 11175467
    Abstract: A fluid detection panel is disclosed. The fluid detection panel includes a microfluidic substrate, an optical unit and a sensor. The microfluidic substrate includes a sample detection area and a comparison detection area which are arranged in parallel, and the sample detection area is configured to allow a liquid sample to arrive at the sample detection area; the optical unit is configured to provide first light and to allow the first light to be incident on both of the sample detection area and the comparison detection area; and the sensor collects the first light which passes through the sample detection area and the first light which passes through the comparison detection area.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: November 16, 2021
    Assignee: BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Xianqin Meng, Xiandong Meng, Wei Wang, Xiaochuan Chen
  • Patent number: 11169126
    Abstract: A liquid chromatography flow cell including an integrated light source and an integrated detection chamber. The integrated light source includes a plurality of light emitting diodes (LEDs), wherein each LED emits light of a specific wavelength. The light emitted from the integrated light source is directed to pass through a sample in a flow chamber of the flow cell without any optical conditioning, and the light not absorbed by the sample flows out of the flow chamber directly into the integrated detection chamber, where an intensity of the unabsorbed light is measured by detectors coupled to the integrated chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: Phoseon Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Garth Eliason, Patrick Kain, John Christopher Freitag, Doug Childers, Jay Pasquantonio
  • Patent number: 11166652
    Abstract: Systems and methods directed to the assessment of tissue vascular health. An optical measurement device includes a light source with one or more wavelengths, configured to illuminate an area of tissue, a detector configured to capture the light reflecting from the tissue at the one or more illumination wavelengths, a processor configured to compute, based on the detected signal, one or more estimates of tissue vascular health, and a display or communication device (e.g., electronic data transfer) configured to store or report the tissue vascular health.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 9, 2021
    Assignee: MODULATED IMAGING, INC.
    Inventors: David Cuccia, Amaan Mazhar
  • Patent number: 11150184
    Abstract: Differential, plasmonic, non-dispersive infrared gas sensors are provided. In one aspect, a gas sensor includes: a plasmonic resonance detector including a differential plasmon resonator array that is resonant at different wavelengths of light; and a light source incident on the plasmonic resonance detector. The differential plasmon resonator array can include: at least one first set of plasmonic resonators interwoven with at least one second set of plasmonic resonators, wherein the at least one first set of plasmonic resonators is configured to be resonant with light at a first wavelength, and wherein the at least one second set of plasmonic resonators is configured to be resonant with light at a second wavelength. A method for analyzing a target gas and a method for forming a plasmonic resonance detector are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 19, 2021
    Assignee: International Business Machines Corporation
    Inventors: Abram L. Falk, Damon B. Farmer, Shu-Jen Han
  • Patent number: 11137544
    Abstract: Methods and systems for grating couplers incorporating perturbed waveguides are disclosed and may include in a semiconductor photonics die, communicating optical signals into and/or out of the die utilizing a grating coupler on the die, where the grating coupler comprises perturbed waveguides. The perturbed waveguides may include rows of continuous waveguides with scatterers extending throughout a length of the perturbed waveguides a variable width along their length. The grating coupler may comprise a single polarization grating coupler comprising perturbed waveguides and a non-perturbed grating. The grating coupler may comprise a polarization splitting grating coupler (PSGC) that includes two sets of perturbed waveguides at a non-zero angle, or a plurality of non-linear rows of discrete shapes. The PSGC may comprise discrete scatterers at an intersection of the sets of perturbed waveguides. The grating coupler may comprise individual scatterers between the perturbed waveguides.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 5, 2021
    Assignee: Luxtera LLC
    Inventors: Lieven Verslegers, Attila Mekis
  • Patent number: 11125681
    Abstract: An agricultural composition sensor includes a sensor housing including a flow passage configured to conduct an agricultural product. A sensor assembly is coupled with the sensor housing. The sensor assembly is configured to detect one or more injection products in the agricultural product. The sensor assembly includes an emanator configured to generate at least one light beam and a sensing element configured to receive the at least one light beam. A directing element is configured to deliver the light beam through the flow of the agricultural product. The sensing element is configured to generate a spectral plot from the light beam delivered through the flow of the agricultural product having one or more spectral signatures corresponding to the one or more injection products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2020
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: Raven Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Harry Harlow, Jared Ernest Kocer, Nicholas O. Michael
  • Patent number: 11105737
    Abstract: A spectroscopic analysis device includes: a light source configured to emit light for irradiating a specimen; a prism stuck to the specimen and configured to totally reflect the light emitted from the light source; a polarizing separation element configured to separate the light totally reflected by the prism into a first and second polarized light components that are orthogonal to each other; a wavelength dispersing element configured to disperse respective wavelength components of the first and second polarized light components that are separated by the polarizing separation element; an image capturing element configured to capture respective images of the first and second polarized light components that are dispersed by the wavelength dispersing element; and a processing unit configured to perform component analysis on the specimen by obtaining an absorbency at each wavelength by using an imaging signal output from the image capturing element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: Yokogawa Electric Corporation
    Inventors: Kodai Murayama, Hiroyuki Sugino, Fumie Watanabe, Atsushi Ito
  • Patent number: 11106030
    Abstract: An optical distance measuring system includes a first transmitter, a first solid state device, and a receiver. The first transmitter is configured to generate a first optical waveform. The first solid state device is configured to receive the first optical waveform and steer the first optical waveform toward a target object. The receiver is configured to receive the first optical waveform reflected off of the first target object and determine a distance to the first target object based on a time of flight from the transmitter to the first target object and back to the receiver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Assignee: TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPORATED
    Inventors: David P. Magee, Nirmal C. Warke, Stephen Aldridge Shaw, Terry Alan Bartlett, Rick Oden
  • Patent number: 11073636
    Abstract: An optical detection assembly can include: a light-emitting device and a photoelectric conversion device installed in parallel on a substrate, where light generated by the light-emitting device is irradiated onto an object, and the photoelectric conversion device is configured to convert a reflected light of the object into an electrical signal; and a housing formed by light shielding material installed on the substrate, where the housing includes a first chamber for accommodating the light-emitting device, a sidewall that separates the light-emitting device and the photoelectric conversion device, and at least one emitting light opening at the top of the first chamber and having an axis inclined at a tilt angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: Silergy Semiconductor Technology (Hangzhou) LTD
    Inventor: Suyi Lin
  • Patent number: 11066905
    Abstract: A method for modelling saturation in a reservoir, comprising: obtaining capillary pressure data representing capillary pressure in the reservoir; obtaining permeability data representing permeability in the reservoir; determining a number of pore throats represented by the capillary pressure data; creating hyperbolic tangents based on the capillary pressure data equal in number to the number of pore throats; combining hyperbolic tangents to create a curve to fit the capillary pressure data and to define hyperbolic tangent parameters; combining at least one of the hyperbolic tangent parameters with the permeability data to define a saturation height function; modelling a saturation in the reservoir using the saturation height function; and displaying the saturation model based on the saturation height function.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Sylvain Wlodarczyk, Keith Pinto, Olivier Marche, Akshat Gupta
  • Patent number: 11066295
    Abstract: A micromechanical component having a mount, an adjustable element, which is connected via at least one spring to the mount, and an actuator device, a first oscillatory motion of the adjustable element about a first axis of rotation and simultaneously a second oscillatory motion of the adjustable element, which is set into the first oscillatory motion, being excitable about a second axis of rotation in response to the actuator device; and the adjustable element being configured by the at least one spring to be adjustable on the mount in such a way that the adjustable element is adjustable by a resulting angular momentum about a rotational axis, which is oriented orthogonally to the first axis of rotation and orthogonally to second axis of rotation. Also, a method for manufacturing a micromechanical component. Moreover, a method for exciting a motion of an adjustable element about a rotational axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2021
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Philip Kaupmann, Stefan Pinter, Helmut Grutzeck, Jochen Franz, Joerg Muchow
  • Patent number: 11056650
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a quantum dot thin film that is formed by cross-linking ligands of quantum dots with a photo cross-linker containing two or more azide groups. According to still another aspect of the present disclosure, a method for forming a quantum dot pattern includes: forming a quantum dot layer on a substrate by coating the substrate with a solution including quantum dots and a photo cross-linker containing two or more azide groups; placing a mask having a pattern on the quantum dot layer and performing UV exposure on the quantum dot layer; and forming a quantum dot pattern by removing a non-exposed region of the quantum dot layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2019
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignees: Foundation of Soongsil University-Industry Cooperation, Sogang University Research & Business Development Foundation
    Inventors: Moon Sung Kang, Jeong Ho Cho, Jee Hye Yang
  • Patent number: 11057536
    Abstract: The invention refers to a system for analyzing a document. Each of two measurement arrangements includes two components being a radiation source and a radiation detector, respectively. The two measurement arrangements provide measurement data and differ from each other with regard to a measurement principle, a kind of radiation source, a kind of radiation detector, a kind of relative movement between the document and a component, a kind of relative arrangement of the two components to each other, a kind of emitted radiation, a kind of received radiation or a kind of processing information about radiation emitted by the respective radiation source and/or about radiation received by the respective radiation detector. An evaluator provides data based on the measurement data. The invention also refers to a corresponding method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2020
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der angewandten Forschung e.V.
    Inventors: Tobias Schoen, Wolfgang Holub, Daniel Stromer, Andreas Maier, Gisela Anton, Michel Thilo, Martin Vossiek, Jan Schuer
  • Patent number: 11054662
    Abstract: A polarizing beam splitter includes thin electrically conductive metal sheets each having an edge and a thickness substantially less than the wavelength ? of a terahertz signal. The sheets are arranged in a stack or array to define wave propagation passages for energy of a terahertz beam directed at a face formed by edges of the sheets, and constitutes an artificial dielectric which operates below cutoff to allow selective transmission through the passages and/or reflection from said face, separating polarization states of the beam with defined power splitting. The artificial dielectric beam splitter can be configured to operate over a broad terahertz band. The sheets are flat, without micropatterned surface features, are robust and simple to manufacture, and form a broad band polarizing beam slitter for terahertz radiation. Complete separation of the transmitted and reflected beam is achieved below cutoff by rotating the polarization of the input beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2021
    Assignees: Brown University, Osaka University
    Inventors: Rajind Mendis, Masaya Nagai, Daniel M. Mittleman
  • Patent number: 11035791
    Abstract: A rotating dual-electrode infrared cell for in situ electrochemical attenuated-total-reflection infrared spectroscopy (ATR-IRS) comprising: a first and second prism; a first and second thin metal film, wherein the first thin metal film is coated on a surface of the first prism and the second thin metal film is coated on a surface of the second prism; an ion exchange membrane; and a first and second cell body, wherein each cell body comprises an inlet and outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2021
    Assignee: Georgetown University
    Inventors: YuYe J. Tong, Eric G. Sorte, De-Jun Chen
  • Patent number: 11002834
    Abstract: A lidar scanning device for use in a motor vehicle includes a light source for emitting light onto an object; a light detector for receiving light that was reflected by the object; and multiple optical imaging elements in the optical path between the object and the light detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2021
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Frank Kaestner, Hans-Jochen Schwarz, Joern Ostrinsky, Klaus Stoppel, Mustafa Kamil, Siegwart Bogatscher
  • Patent number: 10948573
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to optical systems, specifically light detection and ranging (LIDAR) systems. An example optical system includes a laser light source operable to emit laser light along a first axis and a mirror element with a plurality of reflective surfaces. The mirror element is configured to rotate about a second axis. The plurality of reflective surfaces is disposed about the second axis. The mirror element and the laser light source are coupled to a base structure, which is configured to rotate about a third axis. While the rotational angle of the mirror element is within an angular range, the emitted laser light interacts with both a first reflective surface and a second reflective surface of the plurality of reflective surfaces and is reflected into the environment by the first and second reflective surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: Waymo LLC
    Inventors: Blaise Gassend, Pierre-Yves Droz, Benjamin T. Ingram
  • Patent number: 10941654
    Abstract: Fluid properties like viscosity, yield strength, and density may be measured by analyzing fluid motion in response to disturbing the surface of the fluid. For example, a method may include disturbing a surface of a fluid in one or more locations, thereby forming a deformation and waves at the surface of the fluid for the one or more locations; imaging and measuring at least one selected from the group consisting of the deformation, the waves, and a combination thereof; and calculating a property of the fluid based on the at least one selected from the group consisting of the deformation, the waves, and a combination thereof, the property selected from the group consisting of viscosity, yield strength, density, and any combination thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Assignee: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Dale E. Jamison, Li Gao, Michael T. Pelletier, Andreas Ellmauthaler
  • Patent number: 10935491
    Abstract: A memristor-reconstructed near-infrared SPR biosensor with adjustable penetration depth includes a prism, a first non-conductive dielectric film layer, a metal film layer, a second non-conductive dielectric film layer and a conductive dielectric film layer, wherein the prism is configured to generate an ATR (Attenuated Total Reflections) attenuation evanescent wave; the first non-conductive dielectric film layer, the metal film layer, and the second non-conductive dielectric film layer define a sensing unit for achieving a basic sensing function; the metal film layer, the second non-conductive dielectric film layer and the conductive dielectric film layer define a memristive unit; a voltage applying device is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode for applying a bias voltage to the memristive unit so as to realize infrared memristive reconfiguration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Assignee: University of Electronic Science and Technology of China
    Inventors: Xiangdong Jiang, Ruikang Guo, Xiang Dong, Jimin Wang, Wei Li
  • Patent number: 10924682
    Abstract: Techniques related to removing haze from video are discussed. Such techniques include color converting a video frame from an input color space to a haze color space using a haze color detected in a previous frame, estimating pixel-wise haze amounts, de-hazing the video frame in the haze color space using the pixel-wise haze amounts, and color converting the de-hazed frame to the input color space.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2021
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventor: Dmitry Grilikhes
  • Patent number: 10914685
    Abstract: A method of evaluating the integrity of a substrate used in medical device packaging include providing a flexible, porous substrate having a first major surface, and a second major surface, applying a UV absorbent layer over at least one of the first and second major surfaces of the substrate, and placing the substrate over a UV reflective surface. The method includes directing UV light toward the substrate and the UV reflective surface, whereby the UV absorbent layer absorbs light in a spectrum that matches the wavelength of the UV light, and detecting with a UV sensitive camera any UV light that is reflected from the first and second surfaces of the substrate. The substrate is rejected if the reflected UV light that is detected by the UV sensitive camera indicates that the substrate has at least one opening having a size that is greater than or equal to 10 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 11, 2018
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2021
    Assignee: Ethicon, Inc.
    Inventor: Ian Cannon
  • Patent number: 10908072
    Abstract: Systems, methods, and computer-readable storage media are disclosed for providing a structured total internal reflection fluorescence (sTIRF) imaging system providing improved out of focus blur rejection and improved image contrast. The sTIRF imaging system may be configured to illuminate a sample using two beams of light (e.g., a primary beam of light and an interfering beam of light). The interfering beam of light may be configured to create interference with respect to the primary beam of light. The sTIRF imaging system may be configured to capture a plurality of intermediate images of the sample during the illuminating, and to generate a final image of the sample based on the plurality of intermediate images. The interference caused by the two beams of light may enable the sTIRF imaging system to reject out of focus blur based on detection of whether fluorescence emissions from the sample being imaged fluctuate or remain static.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2021
    Assignee: The Board of Regents of the University of Texas System
    Inventor: Reto P. Fiolka
  • Patent number: 10900999
    Abstract: Among other things, an imaging device has a photosensitive array of pixels, and a surface associated with the array is configured to receive a specimen with at least a part of the specimen at a distance from the surface equivalent to less than about half of an average width of the pixels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2020
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Inventor: Alan Marc Fine
  • Patent number: 10900946
    Abstract: An apparatus or method determines a salinity or metal content a liquid sample by scanning the liquid sample using a PXRF spectrometer, receiving a PXRF spectra from the PXRF spectrometer, baseline correcting and smoothing the received PXRF spectra, extracting a K? emission line of one or more elements from the baseline corrected and smoothed PXRF spectra using only one beam from the PXRF spectrometer, determining the salinity or the metal content of the liquid sample using the one or more processors and a predictive model that relates the K? emission line of the one or more elements to the salinity or the metal content of the liquid sample, and providing the salinity or the metal content of the liquid sample to the one or more input/output interfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 26, 2021
    Assignee: Texas Tech University System
    Inventors: David Weindorf, Delaina Pearson, Somsubhra Chakraborty
  • Patent number: 10895504
    Abstract: A measurement auxiliary member is placed on an arrangement surface of a prism. A measurement object is placed on an upper surface of the measurement auxiliary member. The measurement auxiliary member totally reflects the terahertz wave input from a lower surface by the upper surface and outputs the totally-reflected terahertz wave from the lower surface. A main pulse of a terahertz wave totally reflected by the upper surface of the measurement auxiliary member without multiply-reflected inside any optical element on an optical path of the terahertz wave, and a noise pulse of a terahertz wave multiply-reflected inside any optical element on the optical path and reflected on an interface between the prism and the measurement auxiliary member, are temporally separated from each other when detecting a correlation by a terahertz wave detection element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2021
    Assignee: HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.
    Inventors: Takashi Yasuda, Yoichi Kawada, Kazuki Horita, Hironori Takahashi, Takayoshi Kuga, Atsushi Nakanishi, Kazutaka Tomari
  • Patent number: 10884257
    Abstract: A laser projector steers an outgoing beam of light onto an object, passing light returned from the object through a focusing lens onto an aperture rigidly coupled to an optical detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC.
    Inventors: Arkady Savikovsky, Joel H. Stave, Michael L. Veksland
  • Patent number: 10859493
    Abstract: An SPR detection apparatus has an optical system with a sensor member including a planar metallic layer, the sensor member being removably mountable to a housing. First optics direct an incident beam toward a rear side of the metallic layer at a predetermined range of angles to a normal to the sensor layer. Second optics guide at least one reflected beam, corresponding to the incident beam, from the metallic layer to the transducer. The transducer converts incoming electromagnetic radiation to an electrical signal for transmission to a signal processor disposed in the housing and operatively connected to the at least one opto-electrical transducer so as to detect a surface plasmon resonance angle. The first optics are configured so that the at least one incident beam spans at least about 20°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: LACRISCIENCES, LLC
    Inventors: Anthony P. Cappo, Diptabhas Sarkar, Paul T. Gavaris, Chris D. Geddes, Ali H. Ghovanlou
  • Patent number: 10850974
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a method of fabricating a reflector, the reflector being at least partially reflective and at least partially transmissive for at least a wavelength of electromagnetic radiation; the method comprising: forming a first material layer defining a bottom layer; forming a sacrificial layer on the bottom layer; forming a second material layer defining a top layer on the sacrificial layer and a supporting structure connected to the bottom layer; and removing at least part of the sacrificial layer to form a cavity between the bottom layer and the top layer such that the supporting structure supports the top layer relative to the bottom layer and no further supporting structure is provided within the cavity, wherein after the at least part of the sacrificial layer is removed, at least the top layer has residual tensile stress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: THE UNIVERSITY OF WESTERN AUSTRALIA
    Inventors: Dhirendra Tripathi, Dilusha Silva, Lorenzo Faraone, John Marcel Dell, Jarek Antoszewski, Mariusz Martyniuk
  • Patent number: 10852244
    Abstract: An image processing apparatus, an image processing method and a recording medium capable of detecting a plurality of breaks in a coating material and an inclined break of the coating material are provided. The image processing apparatus includes a grouping unit for extracting coating areas representing a coating material from an input image acquired by imaging an inspection object linearly coated with the coating material and grouping the coating areas for each sequence of linear parts, a calculation unit for calculating a line width in an orthogonal direction of a linear part for each of the linear parts in a plurality of portions of the coating area including end portions of the linear parts, a break detecting unit for detecting a break in the coating material based on the calculated line widths, and an output unit for outputting an indication representing occurrence of the break when the break is detected.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignee: OMRON Corporation
    Inventors: Yutaka Kiuchi, Yukihiro Komatsu
  • Patent number: 10852241
    Abstract: A method for detecting molecular is related. The method includes providing a sample, in which a sample surface is distributed with analyte molecules; providing a carrier including a substrate, a middle layer and a metal layer, in which the middle layer is sandwiched between the substrate and the metal layer, the middle layer includes a base and a patterned bulge on a surface of the base, the patterned bulge includes a plurality of strip-shaped bulges intersected with each other to form a net and define a number of holes, and the metal layer is on the patterned bulge; placing the carrier on the sample surface to make the metal layer being attached to the sample surface, in which parts of the analyte molecules are formed on the metal layer; detecting the analyte molecules on the metal layer with a detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2020
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ying-Cheng Wang, Yuan-Hao Jin, Qun-Qing Li, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Patent number: 10845303
    Abstract: A sensing apparatus for detecting at least one target molecule in a gaseous medium is provided, comprising an optical fiber having a core with a tilted grating, and a coating assembly. The coating assembly has a composite film layer having an outer surface in direct contact with the gaseous medium, and contains at least two compositions mixed with one another therein, which include one or more surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-active compositions and one or more reacting compositions that are reversibly reactive to the at least one target molecule. Depending on different reacting compositions, the sensing apparatus can detect various target gas molecules such as hydrogen, ammonia, methane, and formaldehyde, etc. The sensing apparatus has relatively fast response time and high resistance to deactivation. A sensing system based on the sensing apparatus, a manufacturing method of the sensing apparatus, and a detection method using the sensing system, are further provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignee: JINAN UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Tuan Guo, Christophe Caucheteur, Fu Liu, Xuejun Zhang, Shunshuo Cai
  • Patent number: 10823675
    Abstract: A microscope, including: an illumination optical system that irradiates a specimen with illumination light from an oblique direction; an observation optical system including an objective lens; and a controller that moves at least one of a stage to hold the specimen and the objective lens in a same direction as an optical axis of the objective lens. The controller changes, when moving at least one of the stage and the objective lens, an incident angle of the illumination light with respect to the specimen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2018
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: NIKON CORPORATION
    Inventors: Chieko Nakada, Kumiko Matsui, Wataru Tomosugi
  • Patent number: 10816466
    Abstract: An analysing apparatus comprises a fluid container defining a sample chamber. A sensor having a transparent body with a nanostructured surface is coupled to the fluid container such that the nanostructured surface is exposed to the sample chamber. An excitation and detection apparatus directs a beam of incident polarised electromagnetic radiation onto the reverse face of the body at the Brewster angle, causing no or substantially no reflection of the polarised radiation from the reverse face. The beam of reflected radiation emerges from the reverse face after reflection from the nanostructured surface. The apparatus is simpler and cheaper in comparison with known alternatives that use ATR prisms to create ATR of the light to excite a planar surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2020
    Assignee: Causeway Sensors Limited
    Inventors: Robert Pollard, Anthony Murphy, Breandan Hill