Having Particular Chemical Composition Or Structure Patents (Class 359/321)
  • Patent number: 10809590
    Abstract: A variable transmission film may include an electrophoretic medium having a plurality of capsules and a binder, each capsule containing a plurality of electrically charged particles and a fluid, the charged particles being movable by application of an electric field and being capable of being switched between an open state and a closed state. The film may include at least one of a binder containing fish gelatin and a polyanion; a binder containing one or more tinting agents; capsules containing charge control agents, such as an oligoamine-terminated polyolefin and a branched chain fatty acid comprising at least 8 carbon atoms; a selection of capsules in which at least 60% have a diameter between 50 ?m and 90 ?m and at least 15% have a diameter between 20 ?m and 49 ?m; a tinted adhesive layer; and a fluid selected from one or more nonconjugated olefinic hydrocarbons.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2018
    Date of Patent: October 20, 2020
    Assignee: E Ink Corporation
    Inventors: Peter Carsten Bailey Widger, Jay William Anseth, Richard J. Paolini, Jr., Mark Benjamin Romanowsky, Jillian Smith, Stephen J. Telfer, Craig Alan Breen, Stephen Bull
  • Patent number: 10663829
    Abstract: A blue light-blocking structure and manufacturing method thereof, a display device and an operation method thereof are provided. The blue light-blocking structure includes a first transparent dielectric layer, a second transparent dielectric layer and an electro-refractive index adjusting layer. The second transparent dielectric layer is provided on a side of the first transparent dielectric layer. The electro-refractive index adjusting layer is provided between the first transparent dielectric layer and the second transparent dielectric layer. The electro-refractive index adjusting layer is configured to change the refractive index to the blue light transmitted through the electro-refractive index adjusting layer under the action of an electrical field applied between a first side of the electro-refractive index adjusting layer near the first transparent dielectric layer and a second side near the second transparent dielectric layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2018
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignees: BOE Technology Group Co., Ltd., Hefei BOE Optoelectronics Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yuqi Liu, Yuanhui Guo, Jia Liu, Bingbing Wu
  • Patent number: 10125010
    Abstract: An elastic device may comprise an amorphous metal comprising at least one refractory metal, at least two elements selected from periods, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 10, and at least one metalloid. A membrane may comprise a layer of silicon dioxide and a layer of amorphous metal. A MEMS device may comprise a layer of amorphous metal comprising at least one refractory metal, at least two elements selected from periods, 4, 5, 6, 9, and 10, and a metalloid. In one example, the amorphous material comprises Tantalum (Ta), Tungsten (W), and Silicon (Si). In another example, the metalloid is Silicon. In yet another example, the refractory metals comprise Niobium, Molybdenum, Tantalum, Tungsten, Rhenium, or combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2014
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2018
    Assignee: HEWLETT-PACKARD DEVELOPMENT COMPANY, L.P.
    Inventors: James Elmer Abbott, Jr., Zhizhang Chen, John L Williams
  • Patent number: 10000462
    Abstract: An optoelectronic material includes a first organic molecule and a second organic molecule crosslinked with each other, the first organic molecule and the second organic molecule having wavelength selectivity in a visible ray region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 19, 2018
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yeong Suk Choi, Kwang Hee Lee, Seon-Jeong Lim
  • Patent number: 9759840
    Abstract: An optical element with an antireflection function is provided with a substrate having a surface and a plurality of structures formed from convex portions or concave portions and arranged in large numbers on the surface of the substrate with a minute pitch less than or equal to the wavelength of the visible light, wherein the modulus of elasticity of the material forming the structures is 1 MPa or more, and 1,200 MPa or less, and the aspect ratio of the structure is 0.6 or more, and 1.5 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 12, 2017
    Assignee: DEXERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hidetoshi Takahashi, Fumihiko Iida, Hiroyuki Kiso, Yu Nomura, Hiroshi Tazawa, Ryo Nishimura
  • Patent number: 9705311
    Abstract: A mid-infrared tunable metamaterial comprises an array of resonators on a semiconductor substrate having a large dependence of dielectric function on carrier concentration and a semiconductor plasma resonance that lies below the operating range, such as indium antimonide. Voltage biasing of the substrate generates a resonance shift in the metamaterial response that is tunable over a broad operating range. The mid-infrared tunable metamaterials have the potential to become the building blocks of chip based active optical devices in mid-infrared ranges, which can be used for many applications, such as thermal imaging, remote sensing, and environmental monitoring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 11, 2017
    Assignee: National Technology & Engineering Solutions of Sandia, LLC
    Inventors: Igal Brener, Xiaoyu Miao, Eric A. Shaner, Brandon Scott Passmore
  • Patent number: 9612459
    Abstract: The invention provides methods of forming an optical device, in particular, a silicon optical modulator using shallow rib waveguide structure. According to the embodiments of the present invention, the silicon optical waveguide modulator includes a shallow rib waveguide with asymmetric shoulder heights disposed on a surface of a substrate; one side terminated by the waveguide edge and the other side terminated by a second laterally oriented PN junction, a first vertically oriented PN junction is positioned inside the light propagation region of the waveguide; and higher doping regions with the same type of doping type of the adjoining regions are positioned on the asymmetric shoulders outside the light propagation regions in electrical contact with metal contacts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2017
    Assignee: LAXENSE INC.
    Inventors: Ningning Feng, Xiaochen Sun
  • Patent number: 9551820
    Abstract: A reflection-mode waveplate for operation in the terahertz region by shifting the phase between two perpendicular polarization components of the light wave, comprising a ground plane; an array of polygonal unit cells; the polygonal unit cells comprising a polymer positioned between the ground plane and the exterior of the array of polygonal patches.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2017
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Grace D. Metcalfe, Michael Wraback, Andrew Clare Strikwerda, Richard Douglas Averitt, Kebin Fan, Xin Zhang
  • Patent number: 9348155
    Abstract: Tunable photonic crystal color filters, and color image display devices including the same, include a first electrode, a second electrode facing the first electrode, a medium between the first electrode and the second electrode, nano particles distributed in the medium in a lattice structure and charged, and an ion spread preventing layer over a surface of at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2016
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hong-shik Shim, Moon-gyu Han, Chul-joon Heo
  • Patent number: 9207357
    Abstract: The invention provides an article of manufacture, and methods of designing and making the article. The article permits or prohibits waves of energy, especially photonic/electromagnetic energy, to propagate through it, depending on the energy band gaps built into it. The structure of the article may be reduced to a pattern of points having a hyperuniform distribution. The point-pattern may exhibit a crystalline symmetry, a quasicrystalline symmetry or may be aperiodic. In some embodiments, the point pattern exhibits no long-range order. Preferably, the point-pattern is isotropic. In all embodiments, the article has a complete, TE- and TM-optimized band-gap. The extraordinary transmission phenomena found in the disordered hyperuniform photonic structures of the invention find use in optical micro-circuitry (all-optical, electronic or thermal switching of the transmission), near-field optical probing, thermophotovoltaics, and energy-efficient incandescent sources.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2015
    Assignee: The Trustees of Princeton University
    Inventors: Paul J. Steinhardt, Salvatore Torquato, Marian Florescu
  • Patent number: 9099786
    Abstract: An apparatus to modify an incident free space electromagnetic wave includes a block of an artificially structured material having an adjustable spatial distribution of electromagnetic parameters (e.g., ?, ?, ?, ?, and n). A controller applies control signals to dynamically adjust the spatial distribution of electromagnetic parameters in the material to introduce a time-varying path delay d(t) in the modified electromagnetic wave relative to the incident electromagnetic wave.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 4, 2015
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Bowers, Roderick A. Hyde, Jordin T. Kare, Nathan Kundtz, Bruce Marshall McWilliams, John Brian Pendry, David Schurig, David R. Smith, Anthony F. Starr, Clarence T. Tegreene, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 9048621
    Abstract: A method of pumping an optical resonator includes directing light generated by a pumping light at the optical resonator, exciting a propagating surface state of the optical resonator at an interface of the optical resonator, and changing a propagating frequency of the light proximate the interface, where the changed frequency corresponds to a propagation frequency of the surface state. The optical resonator includes a photonic crystal and a material, where the interface is formed between the photonic crystal and the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Assignee: ELWHA LLC
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Bowers, William D. Duncan, Roderick A. Hyde, Jordin T. Kare, Nathan Kundtz, Ruopeng Liu, Bruce M. McWilliams, John B. Pendry, Daniel A. Roberts, David Schurig, David R. Smith, Clarence T. Tegreene, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8986842
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a color conversion film comprising at least one active layer, said layer comprising an organic fluorescent dye containing a fluorescent core, wherein said dye is substituted with at least one polymer segment. It also concerns its method of preparation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne (EPFL)
    Inventors: Holger Frauenrath, Rolando Ferrini, Libero Zuppiroli, Stéphane Suarez, Roman Niklaus Marty, Justin Gerard McMullen, Michael Schär
  • Patent number: 8902507
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a man-made composite material and a man-made composite material antenna. The man-made composite material is divided into a plurality of regions. An electromagnetic wave is incident on a first surface exits from a second surface of the man-made composite material opposite to the first surface. A line connecting a radiation source to a point on the bottom surface of the ith region and a line perpendicular to the man-made composite material form an angle ? therebetween, which uniquely corresponds to a curved surface in the ith region. A set formed by points on the bottom surface of the ith region that have the same angle ? forms a boundary of the curved surface to which the angle ? uniquely corresponds. The refraction, diffraction and reflection of the present invention at the abrupt transition points can be reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignees: Kuang-Chi Innovative Technology Ltd., Kuang-Chi Institute of Advanced Technology
    Inventors: Ruopeng Liu, Chunlin Ji, Yutao Yue
  • Patent number: 8861072
    Abstract: A tunable photonic crystal device comprising: alternating layers of a first material and a second material, the alternating layers comprising a responsive material, the responsive material being responsive to an external stimulus, the alternating layers having a periodic difference in refractive indices giving rise to a first reflected wavelength; wherein, in response to the external stimulus, a change in the responsive material results in a reflected wavelength of the device shifting from the first reflected wavelength to a second reflected wavelength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: Opalux Incorporated
    Inventors: Andre Arsenault, Geoffrey Alan Ozin, Daniel Patrick Puzzo
  • Patent number: 8848280
    Abstract: A photonic crystal device including a photonic crystal material and an activation surface. The photonic crystal material exhibits a first reflectance spectrum in an unactivated state, and, in response to mechanical stimulation, exhibits a second reflectance spectrum in an activated state. Application of a force at an activation portion of the activation surface offset from a material-supporting portion of the activation surface causes a deformation of the photonic crystal material sufficient to bring the photonic crystal material to the activated state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Opalux Incorporated
    Inventor: Andre Arsenault
  • Patent number: 8848274
    Abstract: An electro-optical device includes an electro-optical material, a first lens which is arranged at an incident side of the light and is provided so as to correspond to a pixel, and a condenser lens which is arranged at an emitting side of the light and is provided so as to correspond to the pixel. Condensation degrees of the first lens are larger than that of the second lens, and distances between the first lens and the electro-optical material are smaller than distances between the second lens and the electro-optical material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Norihiko Ozawa
  • Patent number: 8797382
    Abstract: Various embodiments of the present invention are directed to negative refractive index-based holograms that can be electronically controlled and dynamically reconfigured to generate one or more color three-dimensional holographic images. In one aspect, a hologram comprises a phase-control layer having a plurality of phase modulation elements. The phase-modulation elements are configured with a negative effective refractive index and selectively transmit wavelengths associated with one of three primary color wavelength. The hologram also includes an intensity-control layer including a plurality of intensity-control elements. One or more color three-dimensional images can be produced by electronically addressing the phase-modulation elements and intensity-control elements in order to phase shift and control the intensity of light transmitted through the hologram. A method for generating a color holographic image using the hologram is also provided, as is a system for generating a color holographic image.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Jingjing Li, Philip J. Kuekes
  • Patent number: 8731360
    Abstract: The invention relates to a photonic crystal magneto-optical circulator, which comprises first dielectric material columns in an air background, wherein the first dielectric material columns are arranged in the form of two-dimensional square lattice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2014
    Assignee: Shenzhen University
    Inventors: Zhengbiao Ouyang, Qiong Wang
  • Patent number: 8709356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects. Diffused regions of a segmented flow of multiple, miscible fluid species may be vented off to a waste channel, and non-diffused regions of fluid may be preferentially pulled off the channel that contains the segmented flow. Multiple fluid samples that are not contaminated via diffusion may be collected for analysis and measurement in a single channel. The systems and methods for minimizing or eliminating diffusion effects may be used to minimize or eliminate diffusion effects in a microfluidic system for monitoring the amplification of DNA molecules and the dissociation behavior of the DNA molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 12, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Canon U.S. Life Sciences, Inc.
    Inventors: Brian Murphy, Scott Corey, Alex Flamm, Ben Lane, Conrad Laskowski, Chad Schneider
  • Patent number: 8697008
    Abstract: A method and device for periodically perturbing the flow field within a microfluidic device to provide regular droplet formation at high speed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Eastman Kodak Company
    Inventors: Andrew Clarke, Nicholas J. Dartnell, Christopher B. Rider
  • Patent number: 8659737
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to mesogenic media exhibiting a blue phase, comprising two or more components selected from the following components, components A to C, component A comprising one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-T component B consisting of one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-N component C consisting of one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-E wherein the parameters are as specified in the text, preferably stabilized by a polymer, and their use in electro-optical light modulation elements and their respective use in displays, as well as to such displays.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: Merck Patent GmbH
    Inventors: Michael Wittek, Norihiko Tanaka, Mila Fischer, Erdal Durmaz
  • Patent number: 8587861
    Abstract: A method for making a cross-linked polymer network is disclosed herein. A mixture is formed of i) an electro-optic chromophore, ii) any of a cross-linkable monomer or a cross-linkable oligomer, and iii) an initiator in a solvent. Poling of the electro-optic chromophore is initiated by exposing the mixture to an electric field. While the mixture is being exposed to the electric field, the mixture is subjected to ultraviolet light or heat to initiate cross-linking of the any of the cross-linkable monomer or the cross-linkable oligomer to form a matrix of the cross-linked polymer network.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Zhang-Lin Zhou, Alexandre M Bratkovski, Shih-Yuan Wang, Michael Renne Ty Tan
  • Patent number: 8587860
    Abstract: A radiation-protection device is provided that includes a substrate and a surface structure formed on the substrate. The surface structure has an arrangement and interacts with radiation and the substrate to at least (a) substantially transmit or attenuate radiation at a wavelength and an energy below a threshold energy, and (b) substantially reflect radiation at the wavelength and an energy above the threshold energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: BAE Systems Information and Electronic Systems Integration Inc.
    Inventors: Idan Mandelbaum, Arie Ziegler, Konstantinos Papadopoulos, Louise C. Sengupta
  • Patent number: 8587855
    Abstract: An electric-field-sensitive element (1) includes: an optical function layer (5) that includes a metal oxide selected from the group consisting of tin dioxide, titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, and an insulating material covering the metal oxide, the optical function layer (5) having a visible light transmittance that changes through application of an electric field; and a first and second electrode layer (7, 9) that sandwich the optical function layer (5) therebetween.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 19, 2013
    Assignee: Guala Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Akira Nakazawa
  • Patent number: 8574467
    Abstract: A benzo-fused-heterocyclic elongated dye having a superior molecular hyperpolarizability and yet having an acceptably-low optical absorbance of light near 1550 nm in wavelength, which is an important optical communication band for telecommunication applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Matthew C. Davis, Andrew P. Chafin, William Lai, Geoffrey A. Lindsay
  • Patent number: 8574468
    Abstract: A benzo-fused-heterocyclic elongated dye having a superior molecular hyperpolarizability and yet having an acceptably-low optical absorbance of light near 1550 nm in wavelength, which is an important optical communication band for telecommunication applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Matthew C. Davis, Andrew P. Chafin, Geoffrey A. Lindsay
  • Patent number: 8574461
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a biopolymer optical device includes providing a polymer, providing a substrate, casting the polymer on the substrate, and enzymatically polymerizing an organic compound to generate a conducting polymer between the provided polymer and the substrate. The polymer may be a biopolymer such as silk and may be modified using organic compounds such as tyrosines to provide a molecular-level interface between the provided bulk biopolymer of the biopolymer optical device and a substrate or other conducting layer via a tyrosine-enzyme polymerization. The enzymatically polymerizing may include catalyzing the organic compound with peroxidase enzyme reactions. The result is a carbon-carbon conjugated backbone that provides polymeric “wires” for use in polymer and biopolymer optical devices. An all organic biopolymer electroactive material is thereby provided that provides optical functions and features.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Tufts University
    Inventors: David Kaplan, Fiorenzo Omenetto, Brian Lawrence, Mark Cronin-Golomb
  • Patent number: 8570642
    Abstract: Disclosed is a light control film comprising: two of transparent conductive resin substrates each having a transparent conductive layer and a transparent resin substrate; and a light control layer interposed between the two transparent conductive resin substrates to be in contact with the transparent conductive layer sides, the light control layer containing: a resin matrix; and a light control suspension dispersed in the resin matrix, wherein the transparent conductive layer contains: an organic binder resin; and a conductive polymer. The present invention can provide a light control film having satisfactory adhesiveness between the light control layer and the transparent conductive layer and having excellent radio wave transparency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Chemical Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoyuki Nomura, Yoshii Morishita, Tooru Tanaka
  • Patent number: 8552089
    Abstract: There is provided an ink composition for forming a light shielding film in an organic semiconductor device which is capable of stably forming a fine pattern when forming a finely patterned light shielding film by the letterpress reverse printing method or microcontact printing method, which can be baked at a temperature equal to or less than the substrate heatproof temperature, and which is also capable of providing light shielding property and mechanical strength, the ink composition for forming a light shielding film in an organic semiconductor device which is an ink composition for forming a light shielding film in an organic semiconductor device comprising a black pigment; a resin component; a surface energy modifier; a quick-drying organic solvent; a slow-drying organic solvent; and a mold releasing agent, wherein the resin component comprises a solid resin that is in a solid state at 200° C. or less and a liquid resin that is in a liquid state at 10 to 50° C. at a ratio (solid resin/liquid resin) of 0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: DIC Corporation
    Inventors: Hideki Etori, Hiroshi Isozumi, Masanori Kasai
  • Patent number: 8537456
    Abstract: A photonic crystal apparatus and method are provided. The photonic crystal apparatus includes an electromagnetic signal source configured to provide electromagnetic signals. The photonic crystal apparatus also includes a photonic crystal configured to receive the electromagnetic signals from the electromagnetic signal source and to direct the electromagnetic signals along a predefined path through the photonic crystal when the photonic crystal is undistorted. The photonic crystal apparatus may also include a driver configured to selectively cause a portion of the photonic crystal to alternate between a distorted state and an undistorted state. In instances in which the photonic crystal is in the distorted state, the photonic crystal is configured to redirect the electromagnetic signals in a different direction than the predefined path.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventor: Donald F. Wilkins
  • Patent number: 8537457
    Abstract: A correlation spectrometer can include a sample cell, a plasmonic array, a light source that can be used to illuminate both the plasmonic array and the sample cell, and an infrared (IR) detector that is connected to the plasmonic array, and that is configured to receive and detect surface plasmons. The plasmonic array is modulated to transmit a surface plasmon at a predetermined resonance peaks that correspond to resonant peaks for a compound of interest (COI). If the COI is present in the sample cell, a surface plasmon having resonant peaks corresponding to the COI resonant peaks is generated in the plasmonic array and detected by the IR detector. The plasmonic can be formed with a plurality of nanoholes with different periodicities and fill factors, in order to detect multiple COI.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America, as Represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Joanna Ptasinski, Stephen D. Russell
  • Patent number: 8531782
    Abstract: Apparatus, methods, and systems provide emitting, field-adjusting, and focusing of electromagnetic energy. In some approaches the field-adjusting includes providing an extended depth of field greater than a nominal depth of field. In some approaches the field-adjusting includes field-adjusting with a transformation medium, where the transformation medium may include an artificially-structured material such as a metamaterial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Bowers, Roderick A. Hyde, Edward K. Y. Jung, John Brian Pendry, David Schurig, David R. Smith, Clarence T. Tegreene, Thomas A. Weaver, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8514316
    Abstract: An imaging device comprises a quartz crystal plate including a quartz crystal of crystal structure having a first axis and a second axis vertical to the first axis, said quartz crystal plate being provided as facing to an image pickup element taking an image from an optical system, and a vibration member provided on a surface of said quartz crystal plate crossing an optical axis of said optical system so as to vibrate said quartz crystal plate, wherein; an angle of the face of said quartz crystal plate crossing the optical axis of said optical system is substantially +45° rotated counter-clockwise around said second axis from said first axis viewing from said second axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Nikon Corporation
    Inventors: Mitsuhiro Okazaki, Kosuke Okano
  • Patent number: 8493669
    Abstract: Apparatus, methods, and systems provide focusing, focus-adjusting, and sensing. In some approaches the focus-adjusting includes providing an extended depth of focus greater than a nominal depth of focus. In some approaches the focus-adjusting includes focus-adjusting with a transformation medium, where the transformation medium may include an artificially-structured material such as a metamaterial.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Inventors: Jeffrey A. Bowers, Roderick A. Hyde, Edward K. Y. Jung, John Brian Pendry, David Schurig, David R. Smith, Clarence T. Tegreene, Thomas A. Weaver, Charles Whitmer, Lowell L. Wood, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8449833
    Abstract: The present invention provides a biosensor cartridge (11) comprising a bottom portion (1) with a well (2) adapted to accommodate a liquid sample and a cover portion (3) for closing said well (2). The well (2) has a sensor surface (4). The bottom portion (1) is adapted for allowing light to enter along a first optical path (5), to be reflected at the sensor surface (4) and to exit along a second optical path (6). The invention further relates to a method of manufacturing such a cartridge (11).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Koninklijke Philips Electronics N.V.
    Inventor: Jeroen Hans Nieuwenhuis
  • Patent number: 8441432
    Abstract: The invention is directed to compositions of display cell structure and electrode protecting layers for improving the performance of display devices. The composition comprises a polar oligomeric or polymeric material having a glass transition temperature below about 100° C., and the resulting display cells or electrode protecting layer have an average crosslinking density of below about 1 crosslink point per 80 Dalton molecular weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: SiPix Imaging, Inc.
    Inventors: HongMei Zang, Kangtai Ren, Jack Hou, Wanheng Wang, Chia-Pu Chang, Jing-Den Chen, Yajuan Chen, Fei Wang, Yi-Shung Chaug, Quan Gu, Hui Chen
  • Publication number: 20130077155
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an electrophoretic fluid comprising uncharged or lightly charged neutral buoyancy particles. The resulting fluid can improve not only image stability but also contrast ratio of a display device, without significantly affecting the switching speed. The present invention is also directed to an electrophoretic display comprising display cells filled with the electrophoretic fluid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 23, 2011
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Ming Wang, Yu Li, Hui Du, Xiaojia Wang, Haiyan Gu, Roman Ivanov, Robert Sprague
  • Publication number: 20130057947
    Abstract: The instant invention relates to mesogenic media exhibiting a blue phase, comprising two or more components selected from the following components, components A to C, component A comprising one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-T component B consisting of one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-N component C consisting of one or more compounds selected from the group of compounds of formula I-E wherein the parameters are as specified in the text, preferably stabilized by a polymer, and their use in electro-optical light modulation elements and their respective use in displays, as well as to such displays.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Publication date: March 7, 2013
    Applicant: MERCK PATENT GESELLSCHAFT MIT BESCHRANKTER HAFTUNG
    Inventors: Michael WITTEK, Norihiko TANAKA, Mila FISCHER, Erdal DURMAZ
  • Patent number: 8390913
    Abstract: Provided is a compound semiconductor nanoparticle that exhibits circularly polarized luminescence characteristics. CdS prepared inside a core of ferritin, which is a cage-like protein, exhibits a high circularly polarized luminescence (CPL). A wavelength of the circularly polarized luminescence (CPL) can be controlled by laser irradiation, thereby enabling utilization of the compound semiconductor nanoparticle in the field of bionanotechnology, for example, in creating a WORM (Write-Once Read-Many times) memory. As the cage-like protein, which is a protein with a cavity formed therein, a protein belonging to the ferritin protein family, such as apoferritin, or a recombinant thereof can be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: National University Corporation Nara Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Masanobu Naitou, Kenji Iwahori
  • Publication number: 20130050809
    Abstract: A method of preparing high refractive index nanoparticles includes adding a polymer stabilizer to a solvent, and forming high refractive index nanoparticles by adding high refractive index nanoparticle materials to the solvent and stirring the same. The high refractive index nanoparticle materials may have a refractive index equal to or greater than 1.8, and sizes of the high refractive index nanoparticles may be determined by adjusting a content of the polymer stabilizer to control an amount of the polymer stabilizer adsorbed to surfaces of the high refractive index nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Moon Gyu Han, HongShik Shim, Chang Gyun Shin, Seog-jin Jeon
  • Patent number: 8384988
    Abstract: A three-dimensional geometric photonic crystal and a method of fabricating the photonic crystal are disclosed. The photonic crystal includes a geometric structure having a plurality of electrophoretic self-assembled particles and the plurality of particles are periodically arranged at any cross sections of the geometric structure. The method includes preparing an electrophoresis deposition suspension, installing first and second electrodes in the electrophoresis deposition suspension with the first electrode being encircled by the second electrode, and applying a voltage to the first electrode and the second electrode to form an electric field between the first and second electrodes, such that particles in the electrophoresis deposition suspension are electrophoretic self-assembled, and a periodically arranged geometric structure is formed. A photonic crystal thus may have a three-dimensional geometric structure in any shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 26, 2013
    Assignee: National Chiao Tung University
    Inventors: Pu-Wei Wu, Yi-Jui Huang, Chun-Han Lai
  • Patent number: 8378062
    Abstract: A bis-terpyridine monomer includes a first terpyridyl substituent (A), a second terpyridyl substituent (B), and a spacer that contains at least one benzene ring and links the first terpyridyl substituent (A) and the second terpyridyl substituent (B). The bis-terpyridine monomer is represented by the following formula (10): where X1 is a halogen; and R1, R2, R3 and R4 are each independently a halogen atom, an aryl group or an alkyl group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: National Institute for Materials Science
    Inventors: Masayoshi Higuchi, Yuhki Ohtsuka, Akari Hayashi, Dirk G. Kurth
  • Patent number: 8373918
    Abstract: An organically based electrochromic component, e.g. for the production of displays and/or state indicators produces at least two colors. For the first time, two colors can be switched according to the voltage by using a dye system of 4,4?-bipyridinium salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2013
    Assignee: Siemens Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Andreas Kanitz, Wolfgang Roth
  • Patent number: 8363303
    Abstract: Photonic structures and photonic devices are provided. A photonic structure includes a three-dimensional photonic crystal and an actuator. The three-dimensional photonic crystal comprises an elastomeric, auxetic material and configured to provide a predetermined optical bandgap. The actuator is coupled to the three-dimensional photonic crystal and is configured to compress the three-dimensional photonic crystal. When the actuator compresses the three-dimensional photonic crystal, the three-dimensional photonic crystal shifts from reflecting light in a first wavelength range to light in a second wavelength range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Robert D. Horning, Robert Compton
  • Patent number: 8304537
    Abstract: Heterocyclic compounds incorporating a [1,3]oxazine ring may be used to make chromogenic materials. These molecules switch from a colorless state to a colored form upon addition of either acid or base. In both instances, the [1,3]oxazine ring opens in response to the pH change forming an indolium cation, after the addition of acid, or a phenolate anion, after the addition of base. Alternatively, the switch may occur in response to a change in electrical current or potential or a change in temperature. Chromophores absorb in the visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum. Hence, their formation translates into the appearance of color. These processes are fully reversible and the original colorless state can be regenerated by switching the pH back to neutral. Thus, these halochromic compounds can be used to develop displays, filters, indicators, lenses, sensors, switches, or windows able to switch their color in response to pH changes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: The University of Miami
    Inventors: Massimiliano Tomasulo, Francisco M. Raymo
  • Patent number: 8293135
    Abstract: A PCLC flake/fluid host suspension that enables dual-frequency, reverse drive reorientation and relaxation of the PCLC flakes is composed of a fluid host that is a mixture of: 94 to 99.5 wt % of a non-aqueous fluid medium having a dielectric constant value ?, where 1<?<7, a conductivity value ?, where 10?9>?>10?7 Siemens per meter (S/m), and a resistivity r, where 107>r>1010 ohm-meters (?-m), and which is optically transparent in a selected wavelength range ??; 0.0025 to 0.25 wt % of an inorganic chloride salt; 0.0475 to 4.75 wt % water; and 0.25 to 2 wt % of an anionic surfactant; and 1 to 5 wt % of PCLC flakes suspended in the fluid host mixture. Various encapsulation forms and methods are disclosed including a Basic test cell, a Microwell, a Microcube, Direct encapsulation (I), Direct encapsulation (II), and Coacervation encapsulation. Applications to display devices are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2012
    Assignee: University of Rochester
    Inventors: Gerald P. Cox, Cathy A. Fromen, Kenneth L. Marshall, Stephen D. Jacobs
  • Patent number: 8287767
    Abstract: Amorphous polymers with chromogenic pendant groups are provided. The amorphous polymers can be used to make elastomeric films and coatings that can be incorporated into laminates and used to make articles such as architectural and vehicular glazing, and in applications such as eyewear, displays and signage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Simona Percec, Susan H. Tilford
  • Patent number: 8289606
    Abstract: An optical image shutter having a transparent electro-optical crystal formed on a transparent amorphous substrate and a method of manufacturing the optical image shutter. The light image shutter is created by forming a buffer layer using a material having a similar crystalline structure to an electro-optical crystal, on a transparent amorphous substrate such as glass, and forming an electro-optical thin film layer such as the electro-optical crystal on the buffer layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignees: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Sungkyunkwan University Foundation for Corporate Collaboration
    Inventors: Yong-hwa Park, Chul-ho Jung, Dae-ho Yoon
  • Publication number: 20120250142
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to improve uneven coloring by polarization color due to birefringence of a polarization optical article. Disclosed is a polarization optical article in which uneven coloring by polarization color has been improved, the polarization optical article being a multi-layered polarization optical article including at least a linear polarization functional portion, a retardation functional portion and a back-up resin portion, characterized in that the linear polarization functional portion, the retardation functional portion and the back-up resin portion are arranged in order from an objective side toward an ocular side. The linear polarization functional portion is, for example, a linear polarizer, the retardation functional portion is, for example, a retardation sheet, and the retardation functional portion has, for example, a retardation of 1,000 nm or more. The back-up resin is a polycarbonate resin, a polyamide resin or the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Publication date: October 4, 2012
    Inventors: Nobuyuki KOBUCHI, Keishi Yoshikawa, Koichiro Oka