Diffractive Patents (Class 369/112.03)
  • Patent number: 11475917
    Abstract: Provided is an objective lens which is used so that more information can be accumulated in a large-capacity optical disk and which has a further enhanced numerical aperture NA. The objective lens is a single lens having the numerical aperture NA and a refractive index n, and is configured so as to satisfy: NA?0.91 and 1.61?n<1.72.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2022
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Komma, Yasushi Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Minami
  • Patent number: 11430479
    Abstract: Provided is an objective lens which is used so that more information can be accumulated in a large-capacity optical disk and which has a further enhanced numerical aperture NA. The objective lens is a single lens having the numerical aperture NA and a refractive index n, and is configured so as to satisfy: NA?0.91 and 1.61?n<1.72.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2022
    Assignee: PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Komma, Yasushi Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Minami
  • Patent number: 8873166
    Abstract: An objective lens for an optical pickup device is characterized in that compatibility of three types of optical discs, which are a BD, a DVD, and a CD, may be realized by a common objective lens, and a flare can be created by providing an over-spherical aberration when a third optical disc is used from a size relationship between a pitch on a central region side and a pitch on an intermediate region side across a boundary and a relationship of a direction of a step in the base structures superimposed in a central region and an intermediate region of the objective lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Advanced Layers, Inc.
    Inventor: Kiyono Tateyama
  • Patent number: 8830810
    Abstract: A holographic optical pickup device includes an image sensor that detects a diffracted beam generated from the region to be reproduced when irradiating an optical information recording medium with a reference beam, and sets the detected diffraction beam as a reproduction signal, and a photodetector that is different from the image sensor, which detects the diffracted beam generated from a recorded region in the recording medium when irradiating the recording medium with the reference beam. A light receiver of the photodetector is divided into a plurality of light receiving planes so as to generate the position error signal indicating the positional shifting of the region to be recorded/reproduced of the recording medium with respect to the objective lens from a differential signal of a plurality of signals derived from the respective light receiving planes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Publication number: 20140219070
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes a light source, a light splitting element generating signal light and position adjustment light by splitting return light from an optical disk and dispersing the return light in different directions, and a light receiving portion having a signal light receiving portion and an adjustment light receiving portion. The light splitting element is configured such that the position thereof is adjusted on the basis of the position adjustment light received by the adjustment light receiving portion of the light receiving portion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2014
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Funai Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Taiki MORI
  • Patent number: 8767518
    Abstract: An objective lens element that can suppress occurrence of an aberration is disclosed. Sawtooth-like diffraction structures having different height and cycles (pitches) are provided on an inner part R21 and an outer part R22, respectively. A curved surface M211 extending at an intermediate level of recesses and projections of the sawtooth-like diffraction structure provided on the inner part R21, and a curved surface M212 extending at an intermediate level of recesses and projections of the sawtooth-like diffraction structure provided on the outer part R22 are smoothly connected to each other. Even when wavelength of the light source and/or the environmental temperature change, a phase shift does not occur between the inner part R21 and the outer part R22, and a decrease in diffraction efficiency and occurrence of an aberration can be suppressed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Hayashi, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Michihiro Yamagata, Fumitomo Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 8755259
    Abstract: An optical element has at least one surface divided into a plurality of regions and includes: a first region configured to converge light with a wavelength ?1 onto a storage surface of a first optical disc and converge light with a wavelength ?2 onto a storage surface of a second optical disc; and a second region formed around the outer circumference of the first region and configured to converge light with the wavelength ?1 onto the storage surface of the first optical disc. The second region has a concave-convex structure concentrically formed on an aspheric surface and having a cross section being a saw teeth shape. The concave-convex structure is formed by a plurality of different saw teeth shapes, and the plurality of different saw teeth shapes respectively give different phase differences corresponding to substantially integer multiples of the wavelength ?1, for light with the wavelength ?1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Kuzuhiro Minami, Yoshiaki Komma, Fumitomo Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 8750083
    Abstract: An optical pickup apparatus includes at least: a light emitting element capable of emitting at least first wavelength light and second wavelength light; and a diffraction grating configured to split the first wavelength light into at least a first main beam and a first sub-beam and to split the second wavelength light into at least a second main beam and a second sub-beam, a following expression (1) being satisfied: 1.05 < Yp ? ? 1 Yp ? ? 2 < 2.50 ( 1 ) where: Yp1 is an interval between the first main beam and the first sub-beam when a first media corresponding to the first wavelength light is irradiated with the first main beam and the first sub-beam, and Yp2 is an interval between the second main beam and the second sub-beam when a second media corresponding to the second wavelength light is irradiated with the second main beam and the second sub-beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Minoru Sato, Kiyotaka Eizumi, Shuichi Ichiura
  • Patent number: 8737184
    Abstract: An optical pickup device includes a galvanometer mirror that changes an incident angle of a reference beam to an optical information recording medium, an image sensor that detects a diffracted beam from a region to be reproduced upon irradiation of the recording medium with the reference beam, and sets the detected diffracted beam to a reproduction signal, and a photodetector that detects the diffracted beam generated from a plurality of recorded regions upon irradiation of the recording medium with the reference beam. The photodetector includes a plurality of light receivers, and generates an angular error signal indicating positional shifting of the incident angle of the reference beam from a differential signal of a plurality of signals derived from the respective light receivers so as to control the angle of the galvanometer mirror.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8699312
    Abstract: An objective optical system for information recording/reproducing, at least one of optical surfaces of the objective optical system comprising a diffraction surface including a first region contributing to converging first, second and third beams and including a diffraction structure formed such that use diffraction orders for the first, second and third beams are 1st-orders and a condition 0.03<(?B11??1)/?1<0.40 is satisfied; a second region contributing to converging only the first and second beams and including a diffraction structure formed such that the use diffraction orders are 1st-orders and a condition: ?0.35<(?B12??B11)/?1<0.35 is satisfied; and a third region contributing to converging only the first beam and including a diffraction structure formed such that the use diffraction order for the first beam is an odd order and a condition: ?0.23<m13 ((?B13??1)/?1)<0.23 is satisfied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Daisuke Koreeda, Shuichi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 8619534
    Abstract: An apparatus for reading from or writing to a near-field optical recording medium capable of detecting tilt and spherical aberration is described. The apparatus comprises a light source for generating a reading light beam, a near-field lens, an aberration compensation element, and a diffractive optical element. The diffractive optical element is switchable between a far-field mode and a near-field mode and is adapted to generate a main light beam and four or more sub-beams from the reading light beam for determining at least a cover layer thickness error signal. For this purpose it has an outer region with a first grating period and an inner region having a diameter smaller than an effective numerical aperture of the near-field lens, which in the near-field mode has a second grating period and which has a switchable inner area having a diameter smaller than a far-field numerical aperture of the near-field lens, which in the far-field mode has the first grating period.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Stephan Knappmann, Frank Przygodda
  • Patent number: 8619522
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an optical pickup includes an optical system which forms multiple light beams based on the light emitted from a light source and which converges a write beam and a read beam, thereby forming a main spot and a sub-spot, respectively, on an optical storage medium. This optical system converges the write and read beams onto the optical storage medium so that the main spot moves through the same region on the optical storage medium ahead of the sub-spot. The optical pickup further includes a detector for sensing the write and read beams reflected from the storage medium. The detector includes a first photodiode 10 that receives the reflected light from the main spot 50R on the storage medium and a second photodiode 11 that receives a portion of the reflected light from the sub-spot 51R.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Yuichi Takahashi, Kazuo Momoo, Jun-ichi Asada
  • Patent number: 8611199
    Abstract: An optical pickup device is provided which is compatible with at least two types of optical disc standards having different NAs and which controls an effective NA when a light beam for an optical disc standard having a relatively small NA is converged, thereby forming a desired spot. An inner part 131B and an outer part 131F of an objective lens element 143 are provided with diffraction structures different from each other. A condition (1), DO11×DO12>0, and a condition (2), DO21×DO22<0, are satisfied (DO11 (DO21) is the diffraction order of the diffracted light beam having the highest diffraction efficiency among light beams of the wavelength ?1 (?2) diffracted by the diffraction structure on the inner part; and DO12 (DO22) is the diffraction order of the diffracted light beam having the highest diffraction efficiency among light beams of the wavelength ?1 (?2) diffracted by the diffraction structure on the outer part).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Hayashi, Yoshiaki Komma, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Michihiro Yamagata
  • Patent number: 8605559
    Abstract: In a small-sized optical pickup device for enabling to obtain a stable servo-signal, as well as, a focus error signal and a tracking error signal, without receiving ill influences of stray lights from other layers, when recording/reproducing a multi-layer optical disc, a reflection light from the multi-layer optical disc is divided into plural numbers of regions by a diffraction grating. And, it is divided into at least four (4) regions, by a division line in the tangential direction of the optical disc and a division line in the radial direction thereof. Light receiving parts, for detecting either one of grating diffraction lights, i.e.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 10, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki, Daisuke Tomita
  • Patent number: 8599672
    Abstract: Provided is an objective lens including a diffraction portion provided on a laser beam incident plane or output plane. The diffraction portion includes first second, and third diffraction regions, wherein first laser beams corresponding to a first optical disc having a first transmissive layer are condensed on a data recording portion of the first optical disc, second laser beams corresponding to a second optical disc having a second transmissive layer thicker than the first transmissive layer are condensed on a data recording portion of the second optical disc, and third laser beams corresponding to a third optical disc having a third transmissive layer thicker than the second transmissive layer are condensed on a data recording portion of the third optical disc. An evaluation parameter calculated on the basis of an in-plane efficiency distribution function has a value corresponding to a symbol error rate that is less than a predetermined value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 3, 2013
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Motoo Aiba, Hiroyuki Sakakibara, Taiji Minakawa, Fumihiko Hanzawa, Masashi Abe, Jun Adachi, Katsutoshi Sato
  • Patent number: 8582413
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, an optical pickup configured to record and to reproduce on a layer of a disk, including, a light source configured to emit a laser beam, an objective lens including a variable use magnification and configured to focus the laser beam on the layer, a collimator lens configured to change the magnification of the objective lens by moving along an optical axis direction, and a liquid crystal module configured to generate spherical aberration to cancel a coma aberration which may occur because an object point and an image point of the objective lens at the use magnification do not exist on an optical axis of the objective lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Chikara Tanioka, Kazuo Watabe, Hideaki Okano, Akihito Ogawa, Takashi Usui, Kazuaki Doi
  • Patent number: 8576684
    Abstract: An optical pickup and an information storage medium system using the same. The optical pickup includes a light source that emits light having a plurality of different wavelengths. The optical pickup includes a diffraction device having a plurality of diffraction patterns corresponding to the plurality of different wavelengths to divide the light incident from the light source unit into main light and sub light. The optical pickup further includes a photo-detector having a first main light reception unit that receives the main light and a first sub light reception unit that receives the sub light so as to detect an information signal and/or an error signal by receiving reflected light. The first sub light reception unit of the photo-detector is shaped so as to reduce reception of noise sub light due to diffraction based on an undesired diffraction pattern of sub light generated the diffraction device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Toshiba Samsung Storage Technology Korea Corporation
    Inventors: Ui-yol Kim, Yong-jae Lee
  • Publication number: 20130279318
    Abstract: The invention provides for a recording method comprising the steps of modulating a first light beam; directing a second light beam to interfere with the first light beam to produce an interference pattern in a region of a recording medium; forming an optical device in the medium responsive to the interference pattern, wherein optical characteristics of the optical device are varied responsive to variations in the interference pattern. A method of playback, a recording and/or reading head and data carriers are also claimed. An example relates to a full diffraction analogy of gramophone recording. The interference of two beams, one of which is functionally linked to an audio signal, results in a change of the diffractive structure that instantly reflects the change of the input signal. On playback the diffracted light beam oscillates in the same way as the gramophone needle would vibrate. Another aspect of the disclosure relates to multilevel digital recording using holographic and/or diffractive structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Applicant: ZET Nanolaboratory, Ltd.
    Inventors: Libor Kotacka, Leos Polivka, Vladimir Zhukov
  • Patent number: 8565058
    Abstract: To provide a liquid crystal alignment film having a sufficient alignment-regulating power and high resistance against blue laser beam and having, at the same time, excellent adhesion, and an optical element using it. A liquid crystal alignment film obtainable by bonding, by chemisorption to a substrate, an alignment-regulating precursor which undergoes anisotropic decomposition by irradiation with polarized ultraviolet light, and irradiating the alignment-regulating precursor bonded to the substrate, with polarized ultraviolet light, to let it undergo anisotropic decomposition and exhibit an alignment-regulating power.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Shiono, Hiroshi Kumai, Yoshiharu Ooi
  • Patent number: 8547815
    Abstract: Optical pickup device including: semiconductor laser diode emitting optical flux; objective lens converging flux emitted from the diode and radiating flux to an optical disc; diffraction grating branching an optical flux reflected from the disc; and a photodetector receiving flux branched by the grating and has a plurality of light receiving parts, wherein: the grating has areas A, B and C; among diffracted beams diffracted by a track of the optical disc, only a 0-th order diffracted beam becomes incident upon area A, and 0-th and ±1-st order diffracted beams become incident upon area B; the photodetector detects a reproduction signal from optical fluxes diffracted in areas A, B and C; the plurality of light receiving parts which detect the +1-st order diffracted beam or the ?1-st diffracted beam diffracted in area A are aligned in a direction substantially perpendicular or parallel to a track direction of the disc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8537650
    Abstract: An optical read/write apparatus as an embodiment of the present invention includes: a light-splitting element configured to split a light beam emitted from a light source into multiple light beams including a write beam and a read beam; an optical system configured to converge the write and read beams onto the same track on an optical storage medium; a photodetector including a light receiving element configured to detect the read beam reflected from the optical storage medium and output an electrical signal; and a divider configured to generate a read signal by dividing the signal detected by the light receiving element by a signal that represents a write modulated component and that is obtained by detecting a part of the light beam emitted from the light source.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kayama, Kazuo Momoo
  • Patent number: 8531930
    Abstract: For obtaining stable servo-signals without receiving ill influences of stray lights from other layers, on both a focus error signal and a tracking error signal, when recording/reproducing a multi-layer optical disc having small gap between layers thereof, a light beam is divided with using a first and a second diffraction gratings. The first diffraction grating is a polarization diffraction grating, and is mounted on an actuator. The second diffraction grating is disposed on a fixed portion. The first diffraction grating has a first region having a center of a light beam and other(s), and among signal lights reflecting from the disc, the light beam entering into the first region is diffracted, and the light beam entering into the second region transmits therethrough. The second diffraction grating transmits the light beam diffracting on the first region of the polarization diffraction grating therethrough, while diffracting the light beam diffracting on the second region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Publication number: 20130229902
    Abstract: An optical pickup apparatus including an objective lens capable of enhancing temperature characteristics and wavelength characteristics, and which enables compatibility for three types of optical discs of BDs, DVDs, and CDs by using the objective lens in common, an optical information recording and reproducing apparatus, and an objective lens suitable for it. In a first optical path difference providing structure in which at least a first basic structure and a second basic structure are superimposed on each other, an amount of a level difference in an optical axis direction can be reduced, whereby it becomes possible to suppress the lowering of a diffraction efficiency when wavelength changes. Further, in the first basic structure and the second basic structure deterioration of the spherical aberration due to the change of the refractive index of the objective lens can be corrected by utilizing a phenomenon that the wavelength of the light source rises similarly due to a rise in the environmental temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Publication date: September 5, 2013
    Inventors: Hideki Tanaka, Kentarou Nakamura, Kiyono Tateyama
  • Patent number: 8520486
    Abstract: In an optical pickup device for a simple optical system, a light beam emitted from a laser diode is split into first and second light beams by a polarized beam splitter, an optical disc is irradiated with the first light beam to obtain signal light, and the second beam is reflected by a reflection element to obtain reference light. Light beams of the signal light and the reference light are synthesized into one light beam, the synthesized light beam is separated into four light beams by a phase difference forming unit including a grating, a divided wave plate and a polarization grating, and different phase differences are afforded to the signal light and the reference light in each light beam. The four light beams are detected by one detector to generate the reproduction signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8514686
    Abstract: An objective optical system for information recording/reproducing, at least one of optical surfaces of the objective optical system comprising a diffraction surface including a first region contributing to converging first, second and third beams and including a diffraction structure formed such that use diffraction orders for the first, second and third beams are 1st-orders and a condition 0.03<(?B11??1)/?1<0.40 is satisfied; a second region contributing to converging only the first and second beams and including a diffraction structure formed such that the use diffraction orders are 1st-orders and a condition: ?0.35<(?B12??B11)/?1<0.35 is satisfied; and a third region contributing to converging only the first beam and including a diffraction structure formed such that the use diffraction order for the first beam is an odd order and a condition: ?0.23<m13×((?B13??1)/?1)<0.23 is satisfied.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Daisuke Koreeda, Shuichi Takeuchi
  • Patent number: 8509040
    Abstract: An optical pickup device includes a polarization diffraction grating to diverge an optical beam reflected from an optical disc and an optical detector to receive the optical beam diverged by the polarization diffraction grating, a polarization of 0 order diffracted light diffracted through the polarization diffraction grating is substantially perpendicular to that of a +1 order diffracted light diffracted therethrough, and a polarization filter having a plurality of domains is mounted between the polarization diffraction grating and the optical detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 13, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuyoshi Yamazaki
  • Patent number: 8498189
    Abstract: In an optical pickup device for both CD and DVD disk media using a two-wavelength laser diode (1), a diffraction grating (11) is commonly used for both laser beams (L1, L2) for CD and DVD to diffract each laser beam into a main beam and a pair of side beams. The diffraction grating includes a first diffraction grating region (11a) and a second diffraction grating region (11b) having a same pitch as the first diffraction grating region and being laterally offset from the first diffraction grating region, and at least one of the first and a second laser beams are diffracted by both of the first and second diffraction grating regions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Masaharu Fukakusa
  • Patent number: 8488422
    Abstract: A mounting structure of an optical element, includes: an optical element; an elastic member usable when the optical element is mounted; and a holding unit configured to be mounted with the optical element and the elastic member, the elastic member configured to be pressed into the holding unit, the holding unit configured to be mounted with the optical element by use of the elastic member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Chikashi Yoshinaga, Nobuyuki Nakasawa
  • Publication number: 20130176840
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes a light source, an objective lens, a diffraction grating that divides an optical beam reflected from a predetermined information layer, into a plurality of optical beams, and a detector having a plurality of photo-receivers to receive a plurality of optical beams. The diffraction grating has a predetermined region for dividing from a signal light beam a region including a central portion of a spot which the signal light beam will form on the diffraction grating. A distance from a central section of the detector to that of a spot center photo-receiver on the detector, the spot center photo-receiver being provided to receive the optical beams formed by division in a predetermined region of the diffraction grating, is equal to or greater than a spot radius of the unwanted light beams entering the predetermined region of the diffraction grating, on the detector.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Applicant: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Hiromi Kita, Tomoto Kawamura, Toshiteru Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8477583
    Abstract: In an embodiment, an optical pickup includes at least one light source for selectively emitting three light beams having blue, red, and infrared wavelengths, respectively, and an objective lens arranged so that each of the three light beams enters thereto. The objective lens includes a first grating, and a second grating formed in the same plane as the first grating. The first and second gratings each have phase steps arranged concentrically around a center axis of a lens in a region in which all the three light beams pass, and are different in phase step positions. The first grating diffracts the three light beams having the blue, red, and infrared wavelengths in a 2nd order, a 1st order, and the 1st order, respectively. On the other hand, the second grating diffracts the three light beams having the blue, red, and infrared wavelengths in the 1st order, the 1st order, and the 1st order, respectively.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventor: Seiji Nishiwaki
  • Patent number: 8472299
    Abstract: An optical element which has optical steps each providing a phase difference to transmitted light and has low light amount loss and a high efficiency is provided. The optical element includes a symmetry axis, a plurality of optically functional surfaces which are ring-shaped regions around the symmetry axis, and a plurality of wall regions connecting the optically functional surfaces to each other. The optically functional surfaces and the wall regions constitute the optical steps. On a cross-section taken by, as a cutting plane, a plane including the symmetry axis, the contour line of each wall region is substantially parallel to a light beam which is incident on the optically functional surface on the outer side and passes near the wall region. The maximum value of the angle between the symmetry axis and the light beam passing near the wall region is equal to or more than 25 degrees.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Hayashi, Yasuhiro Tanaka, Michihiro Yamagata
  • Patent number: 8456978
    Abstract: The present invention provides an objective lens, an optical head apparatus, an optical information apparatus, and an information processing apparatus that improve focal position detection accuracy. In order to reproduce information from an optical disk (28), an objective lens (25) collects a diffracted ray (15X) having a longer focal length, out of two diffracted rays (15X, 15Y), on an information recording surface (28L) via a base (28S) of the optical disk (28), and a distance (DF3) between the focal positions of the two diffracted rays (15X, 15Y) when the diffracted ray (15X) having a longer focal length is collected on the information recording surface (28S) is longer than double the distance (WD2) between the surface (25A) of the objective lens (25) and the surface (28A) of the base (28S) along the optical axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Komma, Kazuhiro Minami
  • Patent number: 8451703
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes a light source, an optical system for irradiating a recording medium including a plurality of recording layers with light from the light source, a diffraction optical element that divides light reflected from the recording medium into a plurality of optical fluxes and diffracts the fluxes, and an optical detector receiving the optical flux diffracted by the diffraction optical element. The optical detector includes a light receiving element detecting a focus error signal, wherein a longitudinal direction of the light receiving element is arranged to coincide with a circumferential direction of the recording medium, or arranged to be inclined to a circumferential or radial direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eriko Tatsu, Shigeharu Kimura, Tomoto Kawamura
  • Patent number: 8451704
    Abstract: A phase difference layer 12 and a reflection layer 13 are provided. Then, adjustment is performed such that the phase difference layer 12 and the reflection layer 13 impart a predetermined phase difference to light having a particular wavelength bandwidth or plural kinds of light of different wavelengths that enter in an oblique direction relative to the normal direction of the plane of the phase difference layer 12. By virtue of this, the light 16a that goes forward and backward through the phase difference layer 12 and then exits the layer has an ellipticity ? of 0.7 or greater. Thus, in particular, when this wave plate is employed in an optical head device, the function of reflection and the function of a ¼-wave plate are integrated. Thus, stable recording and reproduction of an optical disk are achieved, and size reduction is achieved in the optical head device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Koji Miyasaka, Takuji Nomura, Mamoru Isobe
  • Patent number: 8446809
    Abstract: An optical pickup device imparts different astigmatisms from each other to light fluxes in four light flux areas A through D formed around an optical axis of laser light, out of the laser light reflected on a disc. The optical pickup device also changes the propagating directions of the light fluxes in the light flux areas A through D to separate the light fluxes in the light flux areas A through D from each other. A signal light area where only signal light exists is defined on a detection surface of a photodetector. Sensing portions are arranged at a position corresponding to the signal light area. Accordingly, only the signal light is received by the sensing portions, thereby suppressing deterioration of a detection signal resulting from stray light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kenji Nagatomi
  • Patent number: 8437238
    Abstract: There is provided a diffraction grating including a convex portion and a concave portion which are used for lights having different wavelengths ?1, ?2 and ?3 and are alternately disposed on at least one surface of a substrate with a predetermined pitch. An average refractive index of the convex portion is smaller than an average refractive index of the concave portion. A phase difference in the lights having the wavelength ?1 which transmit the convex portion and the concave portion and a phase difference in the lights having the wavelength ?2 which transmit the convex portion and the concave portion are both substantially the integral multiple of 2?, and a phase difference in the lights having the wavelength ?3 which transmit the convex portion and the concave portion is substantially the non-integral multiple of 2?.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 24, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Asahi Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Koji Miyasaka, Hiromasa Sato
  • Patent number: 8437237
    Abstract: A light source unit includes a light source and a photodetector. The light source has an emission part for emitting light. The photodetector has a light receiving surface for receiving the light emitted from the emission part, and detects the light. The light source unit further includes a grating made of metal and disposed to extend along the light receiving surface. The grating includes a plurality of line-shaped portions that each extend in a direction intersecting the direction of travel of the light and that are located at positions different from each other along the direction of travel of the light.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: TDK Corporation
    Inventors: Eiji Komura, Tsutomu Chou, Koji Shimazawa
  • Publication number: 20130107692
    Abstract: An exemplary optical pickup comprises: first, second and third photosensitive elements which are arranged to respectively receive a main light beam and first and second sub-light beams reflected from an optical storage medium; and fourth and fifth photosensitive elements which are arranged to receive the rest of the light that has also been emitted from a light source but has not been reflected from the optical storage medium. A signal that has been written on the optical storage medium with the main light beam for writing is read by performing an arithmetic operation on the signal output of the second or third photosensitive element and that of the fourth photosensitive element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2012
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventor: Panasonic Corporation
  • Patent number: 8432781
    Abstract: A method and an apparatus for reading from a near-field optical recording medium are described. The apparatus includes: an optical system for generating a signal beam and a reference beam; a near-field lens for illuminating the signal beam onto the near-field optical recording medium, for collimating a reflected signal beam, and for reflecting the reference beam; and at least a first detector and a second detector for obtaining a homodyne detection signal from the reflected signal beam and the reflected reference beam.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Stephan Knappmann, Frank Przygodda
  • Patent number: 8432783
    Abstract: An astigmatism element converges laser light in a first direction for generating a first focal line, and converges the laser light in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction for generating a second focal line. A light separating element guides the laser light entered into two first areas and into two second areas to four respective positions different from each other, and guides the laser light entered into a third area to a position different from the four positions. When an intersection of two straight lines extending in parallel to the first direction and the second direction and intersecting with each other is aligned with an optical axis of the laser light, the third area is disposed at the intersection of the two straight lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2013
    Assignees: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd., Sanyo Optec Design Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahito Ogata, Masayuki Yoshie
  • Patent number: 8427922
    Abstract: An optical pickup device is so configured as to change the propagating directions of light fluxes in four light flux areas defined in the periphery of an optical axis of laser light, out of the laser light reflected on a disc, to separate the four light fluxes one from the other. A signal light area where only signal light exists is defined on a detecting surface of a photodetector. Sensors for signal light is disposed at a position in the signal light area to be irradiated by the signal light, and a tracking error signal is generated based on a signal from the sensors. A direct-current component of the tracking error signal resulting from positional displacements of the sensors is cancelled by adjusting a gain of the signal from the sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Noboru Mamiya, Katsutoshi Hibino, Kenji Nagatomi
  • Patent number: 8427911
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes a light source, an objective lens, a diffraction grating that divides an optical beam reflected from a predetermined information layer, into a plurality of optical beams, and a detector having a plurality of photo-receivers to receive a plurality of optical beams. The diffraction grating has a predetermined region for dividing from a signal light beam a region including a central portion of a spot which the signal light beam will form on the diffraction grating. A distance from a central section of the detector to that of a spot center photo-receiver on the detector, the spot center photo-receiver being provided to receive the optical beams formed by division in a predetermined region of the diffraction grating, is equal to or greater than a spot radius of the unwanted light beams entering the predetermined region of the diffraction grating, on the detector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Media Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hiromi Kita, Tomoto Kawamura, Toshiteru Nakamura
  • Publication number: 20130088948
    Abstract: An optical read/write apparatus as an embodiment of the present invention includes: a light-splitting element configured to split a light beam emitted from a light source into multiple light beams including a write beam and a read beam; an optical system configured to converge the write and read beams onto the same track on an optical storage medium; a photodetector including a light receiving element configured to detect the read beam reflected from the optical storage medium and output an electrical signal; and a divider configured to generate a read signal by dividing the signal detected by the light receiving element by a signal that represents a write modulated component and that is obtained by detecting a part of the light beam emitted from the light source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroshi KAYAMA, Kazuo MOMOO
  • Patent number: 8411548
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes a light source emitting a light beam, a diffraction element diffracting the light beam to separate it into a main beam and a sub beam, an objective lens focusing the main and sub beams onto a desired recording layer of an optical disc, a lens moving section moving the objective lens in focusing and tracking directions, a light-separating element separating a reflected light beam, formed by reflecting each of the main and sub beams at the recording layer, into multiple beam components and allowing the reflected light beam to travel without rotating an image thereof, and a light-receiving element having multiple light-receiving regions that optically receive the reflected light beam and generating a light reception signal based on the amount of received light to allow a signal processing section to generate a focus error signal and a tracking error signal based on the light reception signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2013
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Kazuhiko Nemoto, Katsuhiro Seo, Tamotsu Ishii
  • Publication number: 20130077456
    Abstract: In one embodiment, an optical pickup includes an optical system which forms multiple light beams based on the light emitted from a light source and which converges a write beam and a read beam, thereby forming a main spot and a sub-spot, respectively, on an optical storage medium. This optical system converges the write and read beams onto the optical storage medium so that the main spot moves through the same region on the optical storage medium ahead of the sub-spot. The optical pickup further includes a detector for sensing the write and read beams reflected from the storage medium. The detector includes a first photodiode 10 that receives the reflected light from the main spot 50R on the storage medium and a second photodiode 11 that receives a portion of the reflected light from the sub-spot 51R.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Applicant: PANASONIC CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yuichi TAKAHASHI, Kazuo MOMOO, Jun-ichi ASADA
  • Patent number: 8406102
    Abstract: An optical pickup includes: a light source; a first diffractive element which diffracts light polarized in a particular direction; an objective lens; a lens actuator which shifts the objective lens so that the magnitude of shift from its initial position in a tracking direction has an upper limit of 0.3 mm to 0.6 mm; a wave plate; a second diffractive element which has two diffraction regions configured to diffract light polarized in a direction that intersects with the particular direction at right angles and which splits the write beam reflected from the optical storage medium through each diffraction region into a transmitted light beam and at least one diffracted light beam; and a photodetector which detects the transmitted light beam, the diffracted light beams that have left the two diffraction regions, and the read beam reflected from the optical storage medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Panasonic Corporation
    Inventors: Yohichi Saitoh, Jun-ichi Asada, Kazuo Momoo, Hideki Hayashi
  • Patent number: 8406109
    Abstract: An optical pickup apparatus is provided. Segmented regions included in a focus diffraction region includes focus segmented regions corresponding in number with different light emitted by a light source. Different focus segmented regions are arranged adjacent to each other alternately in a direction perpendicular to a parallel dividing line. Segmented regions included in a tracking diffraction region includes tracking segmented regions corresponding in number with different light emitted by the light source. Different tracking segmented regions are arranged adjacent to each other alternately in a direction perpendicular to the parallel dividing line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Satoru Fukumoto, Shinzoh Murakami
  • Publication number: 20130051204
    Abstract: The present invention provides an objective lens, an optical head apparatus, an optical information apparatus, and an information processing apparatus that improve focal position detection accuracy. In order to reproduce information from an optical disk (28), an objective lens (25) collects a diffracted ray (15X) having a longer focal length, out of two diffracted rays (15X, 15Y), on an information recording surface (28L) via a base (28S) of the optical disk (28), and a distance (DF3) between the focal positions of the two diffracted rays (15X, 15Y) when the diffracted ray (15X) having a longer focal length is collected on the information recording surface (28S) is longer than double the distance (WD2) between the surface (25A) of the objective lens (25) and the surface (28A) of the base (28S) along the optical axis.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventors: Yoshiaki Komma, Kazuhiro Minami
  • Publication number: 20130051209
    Abstract: An objective lens for optical pickup and an optical pickup apparatus having the same are provided. The objective lens for optical pickup includes a light source side lens surface and a disc side lens surface. The light source side lens surface and the disc side lens surface each include an effective region disposed at a central region of the objective lens and a non-effective region disposed outside the effective region. An optical path changing element, disposed in the non-effective region of at least one of the light source side lens surface and the disc side lens surface, changes a path of light incident thereon.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 30, 2012
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Applicant: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Seong-su PARK, Soo-han PARK, Woo-chang CHUN
  • Patent number: RE44397
    Abstract: An optical disk reader or read/write system for CD or DVD formats. First and second laser diodes operating at different wavelengths have their output beams collimated and directed at a single element objective lens, and are then reflected off the disk back through the lens to a photodetector. The single element objective lens has a central aperture zone and an outer aperture zone, the central zone being profiled to operate at a first numerical aperture at approximately 0.45 and the output beam of the first laser diode is confined to the central aperture zone. The outer aperture zone together with the central aperture zone are profiled to operate at a second numerical aperture, for example 0.60 wherein the output beam of the second laser diode has ray fans extending across the full aperture of the single element objective lens.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2013
    Assignee: Konica Corporation
    Inventors: Barry G. Broome, Jenkin A. Richard