With Threshold Level Patents (Class 375/287)
  • Patent number: 11240076
    Abstract: Methods are described allowing a vector signaling code to encode multi-level data without the significant alphabet size increase known to cause symbol dynamic range compression and thus increased noise susceptibility. By intentionally restricting the number of codewords used, good pin efficiency may be maintained along with improved system signal-to-noise ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2019
    Date of Patent: February 1, 2022
    Assignee: KANDOU LABS, S.A.
    Inventor: Amin Shokrollahi
  • Patent number: 11082133
    Abstract: An object is to provide an optical modulation/demodulation method, an optical communication system, an optical transmitting device, and an optical receiving device capable of inhibiting an increase in the cost and a decrease in the band at the time of multiplexing services. The optical transmitting device according to the present invention sums a plurality of binary signals that have bit rates having such relation that the bit rate of any higher speed side is twice or more integer multiples of a bit rate of any lower speed side, having smaller amplitude as the corresponding bit rate becomes higher and having matched rise and fall timings, and generates a multi-level signal, and modulates light from one light source. In other words, generating a multi-level signal as a modulation signal enables a plurality of services to be multiplexed by one transmitter.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2021
    Inventors: Kazutaka Hara, Kazuaki Honda
  • Patent number: 10892920
    Abstract: A driver circuit of a PAM-N transmitting device transmits a PAM-N signal via a communication channel, wherein N is greater than 2, and the PAM-N signal has N signal levels corresponding to N symbols. A PAM-N receiving device receives the PAM-N signal. The PAM-N receiving device generates distortion information indicative of a level of distortion corresponding to inequalities in voltage differences between the N signal levels. The PAM-N receiving device transmits to the PAM-N transmitting device the distortion information indicative of the level of the distortion. The PAM-N transmitting device receives the distortion information. The PAM-N transmitting device adjusts one or more drive strength parameters of the driver circuit of the PAM-N transmitting device based on the distortion information.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 2, 2018
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2021
    Assignee: Rambus Inc.
    Inventor: Reza Navid
  • Patent number: 10826746
    Abstract: A transmitter adjustment value for adjusting modulations at a transmitter may be determined. The transmitter may be configured to transmit in accordance with an asymmetric signal constellation, based on the determined transmitter adjustment value. A legitimate receiver may be provided with a receiver adjustment value corresponding to the determined transmitter adjustment value. At the transmitter, scrambled transmissions may be transmitted, based on transmitting using the determined transmitter adjustment value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2020
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Justin O. James, Michael P. Daly
  • Patent number: 10615956
    Abstract: A clock and data recovery device includes an extraction circuit and a phase detection circuit. The extraction circuit extracts transition information including data information corresponding to a value of data and edge information corresponding to transition of the value of the data, from a multivalued input data signal subjected to pulse amplitude modulation in synchronization with a clock from an oscillator. The phase detection circuit uses transition information selected based on a predetermined condition, when executing a phase error determination of the clock with respect to the input data signal based on the transition information extracted by the extraction circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2018
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2020
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Kobayashi, Yutaka Shimizu
  • Patent number: 10142089
    Abstract: Embodiments include systems and methods for improving link performance and tracking capability of a baud-rate clock data recovery (CDR) system using transition pattern detection. For example, a multi-level signal is received via a data channel and converted to a pseudo-NRZ signal. CDR early/late voting can be derived from the converted (baud-rate) pseudo-NRZ signal and from error signals from the received PAM4 signal, and the voting can be implemented with different phase error detector (PED) functional approaches. Different approaches can yield different CDR performance characteristics and can tend to favor different PAM4 transition patterns. Embodiments can identify jittery patterns for a particular CDR implementation and can add features to the CDR to filter out those patterns from being used for CDR early/late voting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2018
    Inventors: Yuhan Yao, Xun Zhang, Dawei Huang, Jianghui Su, Muthukumar Vairavan, Chaitanya Palusa
  • Patent number: 10090967
    Abstract: A decoding apparatus includes an input power estimating circuit, an error correction decoder and a controller. The input power estimating circuit generates multiple estimated input powers for multiple sets of data included in a packet that needs to be corrected, and calculates respective power differences between the multiple estimated input powers and a reference power. The controller determines one or multiple candidate error positions according to one of the multiple power differences that is higher than a predetermined threshold. The error correction decoder performs a decoding process on the packet according to the one or multiple candidate error positions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Inventors: Yi-Ying Liao, Chen-Yi Liu
  • Patent number: 10063391
    Abstract: A subscriber station for a bus system and a method for improving the reception quality in the bus system are provided. The subscriber station includes an acquisition device for acquiring a bus state of a bus of the bus system, and a symmetrization device for the symmetrization, on the basis of the result of the acquisition device, of the bit durations and/or of the delay time durations of the rising and falling edge of a bit of signals received from the bus.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 28, 2018
    Inventors: Steffen Walker, Bernd Hilgenberg
  • Patent number: 9942003
    Abstract: An apparatus in a network such as an optical passive network (PON) includes a first decoder configured to decode an encoded data signal using a first code to generate a decoded signal. When the encoded data signal comprises unknown information that was not successfully decoded by the first decoder and would otherwise be ignored, the unknown information is included in the decoded signal. The apparatus may further include a second decoder configured to decode the decoded signal using a stronger code than the first code.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2018
    Assignee: Futurewei Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Frank Effenberger, Yuanqiu Luo, Ding Zou, Xiang Liu
  • Patent number: 9742594
    Abstract: Clock timing skew may occur during operation of a time-interleaved receiver. It would be beneficial to try to determine if there is timing skew, and if there is, then address it, such as by reducing or eliminating some or all of the timing skew. Embodiments are described herein that may achieve this. In one embodiment, a method includes generating at least two clocks having the same frequency but a different phase. Intersymbol interference (ISI) values are then determined, one for each of the clocks, by: for each clock, sampling a signal using the clock and determining a value representing ISI based on the sampled signal. A clock phase of at least one of the clocks is adjusted in response to at least one of the ISI values being different from a reference ISI value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2017
    Inventors: Stephane Dallaire, Benjamin Smith
  • Patent number: 9515858
    Abstract: A transmitter includes: a transmission control circuit that determines whether or not to perform an emphasis on a data signal, based on a transition pattern of the data signal; and a transmission driver that selectively performs the emphasis based on a result of the determination by the transmission control circuit, to generate at least one transmission signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2016
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroo Takahashi, Hideyuki Matsumoto, Tatsuya Sugioka, Hiroaki Hayashi
  • Patent number: 9467316
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for transmitting a low-frequency signal over a data transmission link using a digital high bit-rate signal including the steps of creating a modulated digital high bit-rate signal the average power of which varies according to the low-frequency signal, supplying the modulated digital high bit-rate signal to a first end of the data transmission link, receiving the modulated digital high bit-rate signal at a second end of the data transmission link or at an intermediate node of the data transmission link, and detecting the low-frequency signal by low-pass filtering the received modulated digital high bit-rate signal. According to the invention, the variation of the average power of the modulated digital high bit-rate signal is effected by a variation of the density of “high” bits according to the low-frequency signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Assignee: Adva Optical Networking SE
    Inventors: Michael Eiselt, Mirko Lawin
  • Patent number: 9396062
    Abstract: A multi-dimensional recording (MDR) system may include a group based coding circuit (GBCC) which can implement error correcting codes via outer codes. The GBCC can implement outer codes, including interleaving outer codes, in MDR systems where inner codewords include multiple memory groupings. The multiple memory groupings may be across different structural divisions within a data storage medium; or could be across multiple different data storage mediums.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Inventors: Deepak Sridhara, William Radich, Ara Patapoutian, Timothy R Feldman, Mark Gaertner
  • Patent number: 9176232
    Abstract: The present invention is related to location positioning systems, and more particularly, to a method and apparatus for making accuracy improvements to a GPS receiver's navigation calculations. According to a first aspect, the invention provides an extreme sensitivity GNSS tracking architecture. According to other aspects, the architecture includes multiple loops per channel, with the loops implemented with hardware and/or software. According to still further aspects, the architecture includes a multi-level lock detection algorithm designed to provide a trade-off between sensitivity and speed that is not possible with existing tracking architectures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2015
    Inventor: Gary Lennen
  • Patent number: 9160414
    Abstract: A power supply system providing communication from a master module to at least one slave module via transients, to alter operation of a load, is provided. The master module output a supply voltage that is either a normal supply voltage or a reduced supply voltage. The outputted supply voltage depends on input corresponding to a communication to be sent to the slave module to alter operation of the load of the slave module. The slave module receives the supply voltage and interprets the received supply voltage, which may vary between the normal and reduced supply voltages, to determine what the communication from the master module is. The slave module then uses information from the communication to appropriately alter operation of its load.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: OSRAM SYLVANIA Inc.
    Inventors: Nicholas Lekatsas, Biju Antony, Anant Aggarwal
  • Patent number: 9020064
    Abstract: A multilevel signal transmitting apparatus transmits a multilevel data signal with M voltage levels, and a multilevel clock signal with (M?2) voltage levels, to a multilevel signal receiving apparatus, where M is an even number equal to or more than four. The voltage levels of the multilevel data signal include M/2 first voltage levels larger than a reference voltage level, and M/2 second voltage levels smaller than the reference voltage level. Between each pair of adjacent voltage levels among the first voltage levels, one voltage level of the multilevel clock signal is set. Between each pair of adjacent voltage levels among the second voltage levels, one voltage level of the multilevel clock signal is set. An average of the voltage levels of the multilevel clock signal has a value between a minimum of the first voltage levels, and a maximum of the second voltage levels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Osamu Shibata
  • Patent number: 8989300
    Abstract: An optical communication system, a transmitter, a receiver, and methods of operating the same are provided. In particular, a transmitter is disclosed as being configured to encode optical signals in accordance with a multi-level coding scheme. The receiver is configured to provide receive and decode to the optical signals received from the transmitter. One or both of the receiver and transmitter are configured to compensate for non-idealities or non-linearities introduced into the communication system by optical components of the system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Avago Technologies General IP (Singapore) Pte. Ltd.
    Inventors: Georgios Asmanis, Faouzi Chaahoub, Michael Allen Robinson, David W. Dolfi
  • Publication number: 20150071371
    Abstract: Provided is a method of generating a driving signal for driving a dual mode supply modulator for a power amplifier. The method includes obtaining an envelope of a complex baseband signal to be transmitted, comparing the envelope of the complex signal with a preset threshold value, when a current envelope of the complex signal is the preset threshold value or greater or when there is a result having the preset threshold value or greater in previous N comparisons, outputting a digital board output signal configured with a first logic level through a digital-to-analog converter; and when the current envelope of the complex signal is smaller than the preset threshold value and when there is no result having the preset threshold value or greater in the previous N comparisons, outputting a digital board output signal configured with a second logic level through the digital-to-analog converter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 1, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute
    Inventors: Sung Jun LEE, Jae Ho JUNG, Kwangchun LEE
  • Patent number: 8976890
    Abstract: A multilevel amplitude modulation device for generating, from digital data, a multilevel amplitude modulation signal having four or more signal levels and outputting the generated signal, including: an average level calculator that selects one of a plurality of preliminarily prepared different candidates for a code word building method such that average level of a symbol array, obtained by adding a symbol for a code word of digital data to be transmitted to one or more already outputted symbols included in a multilevel amplitude modulation signal already outputted, is most approximate to voltage center of the four or more signal levels, and outputs a selection signal indicating the selected method; a signal converter that forms a codeword of the digital data in accordance with the method indicated by the selection signal; and a multilevel modulator that generates a multilevel amplitude modulation signal using the codeword and outputs the generated signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Panasonic Intellectual Property Management Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Ikushima, Osamu Shibata
  • Publication number: 20150049835
    Abstract: A multilevel signal transmitting apparatus determines a voltage level indicating an original data signal, and generates a multilevel data signal including a plurality of unit time intervals each having the determined voltage level. The multilevel signal transmitting apparatus assigns an even number of voltage levels to each unit time interval, assigns a smaller number of voltage levels than a maximum number of voltage levels, to a unit time interval next to a unit time interval to which the maximum number of voltage levels are assigned, and determines one of the assigned voltage levels, as the voltage level indicating the original data signal. A multilevel signal receiving apparatus detects the voltage level of the multilevel data signal, and reproduces the original data signal, based on the assigned voltage levels and the detected voltage level.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventor: Osamu SHIBATA
  • Patent number: 8929490
    Abstract: Systems and apparatus are disclosed for a target device to detect a trigger from an initiating device. One implementation includes a wireless device configured to correlate a received waveform with a target waveform, compare a result of the correlation to a threshold and output a first signal based on the comparison of the result and the threshold. The apparatus may also be configured to generate a sequence of bits by demodulating at least a portion of the received waveform in response to receiving the first signal, to compare in parallel a plurality of circularly rotated versions of a target sequence of bits with the demodulated sequence of bits, and to combine the results of the comparisons and output a second signal when the combined comparisons indicate that the demodulated sequence of bits corresponds to the target sequence of bits.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 6, 2015
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventor: Daniel Jose Fernandes Barros
  • Publication number: 20140314171
    Abstract: A differential amplifier including: a first amplifier leg including a first transistor, and a second amplifier leg including a second transistor. Here, the first transistor is configured to have a bulk potential different from a bulk potential of the second transistor. The first amplifier leg and the second amplifier leg, together, may be configured to differentially amplify a received differential input signal. The differential amplifier may be configured to have an input offset voltage, which corresponds to the difference between the bulk potential of the first transistor and the bulk potential of the second transistor. The differential amplifier may be at an input stage of a comparator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Mohammad Hekmat, Amir Amirkhany
  • Publication number: 20140314172
    Abstract: A system and method for detecting signal levels in a multi-level signaling receiver. In one embodiment, a plurality of comparators, each including a differential pair, such as a differential pair of field-effect transistors (FETs) are assembled in a stacked configuration so that in some states current flows through FETs of the plurality of differential pairs in series, resulting in a reduction in power consumption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: Samsung Display Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Mohammad Hekmat
  • Publication number: 20140314173
    Abstract: An automatically calibrated differential amplifier including: an input stage differential amplifier configured to receive a input differential signal, to differentially amplify the input differential signal to generate an input stage output differential signal, and to have an input stage bias current; and a replica stage differential amplifier configured to automatically calibrate the input stage bias current in response to process or environmental variations. The differential amplifier may be included, for example, in a comparator and a multilevel receiver.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 16, 2014
    Publication date: October 23, 2014
    Applicant: SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Mohammad Hekmat, Amir Amirkhany
  • Publication number: 20140269974
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a signal level decision device to determine the level of a source signal. Said source signal comprises a plurality of source messages along a time axis; each source message corresponds to one of a plurality of normal levels; and each normal level is equivalent to at least one of a plurality of extension levels. The signal decision device comprises: a storage circuit to store the level information of the normal level(s) and the equivalent extension level(s) thereof in connection with some or all of the source messages; a transition parameter calculation circuit to calculate a plurality of transition parameters of the normal level and its equivalent extension level(s) in connection with each of the source messages according to the level information; and a decision circuit to determine the level of each of the source messages according to the plurality of transition parameters.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2014
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Realtek Semiconductor Corporation
  • Patent number: 8831131
    Abstract: The invention relates to the asynchronous communication of data in complex integrated systems, be it inside integrated circuit chips or between integrated circuit chips, for example in a compact stack of chips. According to the invention, the transmission is done on a single conductor of exchanges. The data are transmitted on this conductor in the form of at least three levels of potential, the first level representing a first value of data item transmitted, the second representing a second value of data item transmitted, and the third representing an inactive level. An acknowledgment signal is transmitted on the same exchange conductor as the data. This signal is preferably sent by the receiver in the form of the forcing of the exchange conductor by the receiver to the inactive potential level, the sender detecting this forcing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2014
    Assignee: Commisariat a l'Emergie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives
    Inventor: Marc Belleville
  • Patent number: 8798189
    Abstract: A system for communicating data comprises a clock channel configured to transmit a clock signal at a predetermined rate and at least one data channel configured to transmit data as a sequence of blocks of multi-level symbols being sent at a fixed multiple of the clock rate. Each block of multi-level symbols comprises a sequence of at least three multi-level symbols. Each multi-level symbol has an analog voltage level selected from a predetermined number of possible values, the predetermined number being an integer greater than two. The fixed multiple of the clock rate is an integer greater than one.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Crestron Electronics Inc.
    Inventor: Philip L. Kirkpatrick
  • Patent number: 8750406
    Abstract: One embodiment relates to a receiver circuit for multi-level amplitude signaling which includes at least three amplitude levels for each symbol period. The receiver circuit includes a peak detector, a reference voltage generator, and a comparator circuit. The peak detector is arranged to detect a peak voltage of the multi-level amplitude signal, and the reference voltage generator uses the peak voltage to generate multiple reference voltages. The comparator circuit uses the multiple reference voltages to detect an amplitude level of the multi-level amplitude signal. Other embodiments and features are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 10, 2014
    Assignee: Altera Corporation
    Inventors: Mingde Pan, Weiqi Ding, Sergey Shumarayev, Peng Li, Masashi Shimanouchi
  • Patent number: 8705593
    Abstract: An evaluation device is configured to provide a transceiver system with performance information thereof. The transceiver system models a channel between a transmitter and a receiver thereof using Nakagami distribution with a fading parameter. The evaluation device includes a setting module operable to set an average signal-to-noise rate (SNR) for the channel between the transmitter and the receiver, a computing module operable to estimate a symbol error rate related to a signal received by the receiver from the transmitter based upon the fading parameter and the average SNR, and an output module operable to provide the average SNR and the symbol error rate as the performance information of the transceiver system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: I Shou University
    Inventors: Ching-Tai Chiang, Rong-Ching Wu, Chen-Sen Ouyang, Jong-Ian Tsai
  • Patent number: 8615033
    Abstract: A method for controlling a transmission rate of at least one transceiver, the transceiver including a transmitter and a receiver, includes: determining a signal quality characteristic corresponding to a signal received at the receiver by measuring a difference between one or more reference constellation points and one or more received constellation points, and modifying a transmission rate of the transmitter over a wireless communication channel as a function of the signal quality characteristic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Agere Systems LLC
    Inventors: Jan Boer, Bas Driesen, Ra'anan Gil, Kai Roland Kriedte
  • Patent number: 8576939
    Abstract: A slicer can receive a communication signal having a level or amplitude that is between two discrete levels of a multilevel digital communication scheme. The slicer can compare the communication signal to a plurality of references such that multiple comparisons proceed essentially in parallel. A summation node can add the results of the comparisons to provide an output signal set to one of the discrete levels. The slicer can process the communication signal and provide the output signal on a symbol-by-symbol basis. A decision feedback equalizer (“DFE”) can comprise the slicer. A feedback circuit of the DFE can delay and scale the output signal and apply the delayed and scaled signal to the communication signal to reduce intersymbol interference (“ISI”).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 5, 2013
    Assignee: Quellan, Inc.
    Inventors: Andrew Joo Kim, Cattalen Pelard, Edward Gebara
  • Patent number: 8488720
    Abstract: Methods and systems for signal quantization may include, but are not limited to: receiving a complex signal characterized by a real portion and an imaginary portion; computing a vector magnitude of a sample of the complex signal; comparing the vector magnitude of the sample to a quantization threshold value; and associating a quantized magnitude with the sample according to a comparison between the vector magnitude of the sample and the quantization threshold value.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Rockwell Collins, Inc.
    Inventor: Carlos J. Chavez
  • Patent number: 8446930
    Abstract: An impulse radio communication device includes a short pulse generator configured to change a shape of an impulse to be output; a bandpass filter configured to receive the impulse and output the impulse as a wave packet; an amplifier configured to amplify an output from the bandpass filter; and an antenna configured to output the wave packet, output from the amplifier, as a wireless signal, the short pulse generator includes a control section configured to change the shape of the impulse to be output, in response to an environmental condition of a transmission path for wireless communication.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Fujitsu Limited
    Inventor: Yasuhiro Nakasha
  • Patent number: 8446977
    Abstract: The invention relates to information transmission methods, in particular to the communication interfaces of electronic devices. The inventive method makes it possible to increase the communication range and reliability by improving noise protection through the compensation of a noise signal during the transmission and reading of the signal in both wires of a communication line. The inventive method involves connecting the first pole of a voltage supply source to the first wire of a two-wire transmission line via a first resistor and connecting the second pole of said voltage supply source to the second wire of the two-wire transmission line via a second resistor. Moreover, the first and second resistors have the equal resistance values, and a receiver is connected to the two-wire transmission line between a transmitter and the voltage supply source and is provided with two current sensors. A reading signal is defined as the sum of absolute values of the measured currents.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Inventor: Valery Vasilievich Ovchinnikov
  • Patent number: 8391345
    Abstract: Wireless devices and techniques providing improved system acquisition in an environment of multiple co-existing technologies over a common frequency band are disclosed. In one aspect, at a remote terminal, a power spectral distribution (PSD) of received signals is sequentially measured in contiguous segments of a frequency band of interest. One or more characteristics of the measured PSD is compared to at least one predetermined metric to identify the presence or absence of at least one technology type of the received signals in frequency locations across the band. A system acquisition operation is performed in accordance with the identification, such as a tailored scan of channels at locations where a desired technology is identified.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 5, 2013
    Assignee: QUALCOMM Incorporated
    Inventors: Daniel F. Filipovic, Jifeng Geng, Cristina A. Seibert
  • Patent number: 8380085
    Abstract: A method of processing data is provided that includes receiving a plurality of binary electronic signals and generating an optical signal by a number of lasers that is equal to or greater than the number of binary electronic signals. The optical signal is generated at one of a plurality of intensity levels, and each intensity level represents a particular combination of bit values for the plurality of binary electronic signals. The optical signal is converted into an electronic signal having the plurality of intensity levels. An apparatus for processing data is provided that includes a plurality of lasers configured to emit light at a plurality of frequencies, and a plurality of modulators configured to receive a plurality of binary electronic signals and to modulate the light emitted by the lasers. An apparatus for transmitting data is provided that includes a photo receiver and an electronic signal generator.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: NEC Laboratories America, Inc.
    Inventors: Shalabh Gupta, Yue-Kai Huang
  • Patent number: 8331851
    Abstract: An exemplary device samples a converter signal (e.g., input to a block up converter or output from a low noise block) at a very small aperture terminal site and identifies, as between a site converter and a site modem, a more likely faulty component to aid site diagnosis and repair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Verizon Patent and Licensing Inc.
    Inventor: Jesse Paul Sigmund
  • Patent number: 8320494
    Abstract: A system and method are shown for generation of at least one reference voltage level in a bus system. A reference voltage generator on a current driver includes at least one reference voltage level, at least one control signal, and an active device. The active device is coupled to the at least one control signal, such as a current control signal, and a selected reference voltage of the at least one reference voltage level. The active device is arranged to shift the at least one reference voltage level based on the at least one current control signal such as an equalization signal, a crosstalk signal, or the combination thereof, employed on the current driver.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Rambus Inc.
    Inventors: Jared Zerbe, Carl Werner
  • Patent number: 8307227
    Abstract: A data communication system includes one or more data processing units and includes a central control unit. The decentralized data processing units are connected to the central control unit by data connection. The central control unit includes a synchronisation unit for outputting via the data connection an synchronisation signal to the data processing unit. The data processing unit includes a data generator for generating data and transmitting, after the synchronisation signal, data to the central control unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Freescale Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Philippe Lance, Arlette Marty-Blavier
  • Patent number: 8218672
    Abstract: A polarity independent differential data transceiver receives a differential voltage signal and outputs a first logic state when the differential voltage signal is in a positive voltage differential range and/or when the differential voltage signal is in a corresponding negative differential voltage range. The differential data transceiver will output a second logic state in response to receiving a voltage differential signal that is in an intermediate differential voltage range near zero between the positive differential voltage range and the corresponding negative differential voltage range.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2012
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventor: Clark Douglas Kinnaird
  • Patent number: 8180002
    Abstract: The present invention provides a digital signal processing device that considerably reduces a return noise generated in a processing result signal in specific signal processing without wastefully increasing the processing load. There is provided a digital signal processing device that executes specific signal processing under which a return noise is generated in a processing result signal which includes an up-sampling processing unit that performs the up-sampling processing for a digital signal with a predetermined up-sampling rate to generate an up-sampling signal, a specific signal processing unit that performs the specific signal processing for the up-sampling signal generated by the up-sampling processing unit to generate the processing result signal, and a down-sampling processing unit that performs the down-sampling processing for the processing result signal generated by the specific signal processing unit with a predetermined down-sampling rate to generate a down-sampling signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Sony Corporation
    Inventors: Yasuyuki Kino, Tokihiko Sawashi
  • Patent number: 8179951
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a multicarrier transmission system for enabling degradation of a transmission speed in an adjacent line adjacent to a communication line, to be avoided. For this purpose, a multicarrier transmission system in the present invention is a multicarrier transmission system configured so that a first communication device and a second communication device are connected via a communication line, wherein the first communication device controls a transmission output of a signal to be outputted to the above described communication line, based on a difference between a transmission distance of the above described communication line and a transmission distance of an adjacent line adjacent to the above described communication line.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Hiroshi Okado
  • Patent number: 8155236
    Abstract: A data receiver circuit includes a transmission line to generate the appropriate timing for clock and data recovery. The transmission line receives a reference signal, and propagates the reference signal through at least two segments of predetermined lengths. The transmission line is configured with a first tab to extract, from the first predetermined length, a first delayed signal, and a second tab to extract, from the second predetermined length, a second delayed signal. A sampling circuit generates samples, at a first time period, from an input signal and the first delayed signal. The sampling circuit also generates samples, at a second time period, from the input signal and the second delayed signal. A capacitance control device to adjust the capacitance of the transmission line is disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: NetLogic Microsystems, Inc.
    Inventors: Stefanos Sidiropoulos, Haw-Jyh Liaw
  • Patent number: 8155191
    Abstract: There are provided video encoders and corresponding methods for performing fast mode decision of B-frames. A video encoder for encoding video data for a B slice that is divisible into macroblocks includes an encoder (OO) for performing mode selection when encoding a current macroblock in the B slice by counting a number of neighboring macroblocks in the B slice coded in a DIRECT mode, and only checking one of the DIRECT MODE or a 16×16 mode for the current macroblock when the number of neighboring macroblocks coded in the DIRECT mode exceeds a predetermined threshold.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: Thomson Licensing
    Inventors: Xiaoan Lu, Peng Yin, Jill MacDonald Boyce
  • Patent number: 8144803
    Abstract: A method for inverting telecommunication channel distortion by adaptive wavelet lifting. The distortion signal is analyzed using wavelet lifting and the inverse filter is computed. Coefficients of the inverse filter are used to either compute a transmission pre-filter or to update the transmitted message.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: XW, LLC
    Inventor: David E. Orr
  • Patent number: 8144249
    Abstract: A multi-slicing horizontal synchronization signal generating apparatus and method is provided. The apparatus includes a slicer, a numerically controlled oscillator (NCO), a first phase detector, a second phase detector and a calibration circuit. The slicer performs edge detection on a video signal having a first horizontal synchronization, and generates a first detection signal and a second detection signal according to a first voltage level and a second voltage level, respectively. The NCO generates a second horizontal synchronization signal. The first phase detector detects a first phase difference between the first detection signal and the second horizontal synchronization signal, and the second detector detects the second phase difference between the second detection signal and a reference time point. The calibration circuit generates a calibration signal according to the first phase difference and the second phase difference.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: MStar Semiconductor, Inc.
    Inventors: Cheng Ting Ko, Chung Hsiung Lee
  • Patent number: 8120387
    Abstract: A receiving circuit includes a comparing circuit, a first storage circuit, a second storage circuit, and a voltage controlling circuit. The comparing circuit compares an input signal with a reference voltage and outputs a signal with either a first level when the input signal is larger than the reference voltage or a second level when the input signal is smaller than the reference voltage as a comparison result. The first storage circuit stores an output level of the comparing circuit for a next one cycle. The second storage circuit stores an output level of the first storage circuit for a next one cycle. The voltage controlling circuit controls a level of the reference voltage in each cycle on the basis of output levels of the first storage circuit and the second storage circuit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Tomokazu Tokoro
  • Patent number: 8081705
    Abstract: Digital video data is transmitted from a video source (61) to a video sink (62) as a group of three multilevel symbols (611, 612, and 613) per pixel color with each associated symbol being sent at a rate of three times the pixel clock (601). When eleven levels are used per symbol (611) and undesirable symbol groups having excess DC residual or minimal energy are eliminated, and a built-in-test symbol group is added for pixel alignment; there results a one-to-one correspondence between the remaining symbol groups available and the two-hundred and sixty possible states that are used in the TMDS physical layer that is in widespread commercial use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 20, 2011
    Assignee: Crestron Electronics Inc.
    Inventor: Philip L. Kirkpatrick
  • Patent number: 7982632
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a sensor system having a sensor and at least one communication line operable with the sensor. The transmission medium is configured to convey data transmitted by the sensor to a remote location. The sensor transmits data on the communication line a plurality of times by at least two methods of transmission or modulation. Further disclosed herein is a method based on the foregoing. Further disclosed is a method of communicating by modifying a voltage amplitude of a signal and receiving the communication signal by employing a variable threshold detection circuit in the downhole device. Further disclosed is a system for communicating data between a downhole device and a remote location including a remote device for generating a communication signal, the remote device configured to modify a voltage amplitude of said communication signal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventor: Joseph A. Miller, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7970287
    Abstract: A driver circuit is coupled to an optical waveguide transmitter. The driver circuit has a current generator that is in series with the transmitter, and a current robbing circuit is coupled to the transmitter. The current robbing circuit is to divert first and second amounts of current from the transmitter, in accordance with predetermined values of first and second bit streams, respectively, in which data is received to be transmitted. Other embodiments are also described and claimed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Hengju Cheng, Peter Kirkpatrick