Boring Patents (Class 405/138)
  • Patent number: 10174615
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cutter holder (1) for a tunnel boring machine, comprising: a housing (2) comprising two cavities (26) formed in opposite walls (20), and two clamping sets (3), configured to be removably mounted on either side of the roller cutter (10) in the housing (2), and each comprising: a base plate (32), and a center wedge (34), movably mounted on the base plate (32), two side wedges (36), hinged between the base plate (32) and the center wedge (34) between a retracted position and a clamping position, wherein the side wedges (36) transversely swing and enter into the cavity (26) facing the housing (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: BOUYGUES TRAVAUX PUBLICS
    Inventors: Philippe Liotard, Patrice Robert
  • Patent number: 10066483
    Abstract: A friction bolt assembly has a tubular friction bolt body defining a cavity and having a split. A rod extends through the cavity. An expansion element is mounted on the rod at or toward the rod leading end and protrudes through the friction bolt body leading end. The expansion element has an engagement surface tapering toward the rod trailing end. A drive head is mounted on the rod at or adjacent the rod trailing end. The rod is actuatable by rotation of the drive head to draw the expansion element toward the friction bolt body trailing end such that the engagement surface engages the friction bolt body, radially outwardly deforming the friction bolt body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2018
    Assignee: DYWIDAG-SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL PTY LIMITED
    Inventors: David William Evans, Derek Colin Hird
  • Patent number: 9845677
    Abstract: An inline mounting assembly for a TBM cutter assembly includes first and second housing mounts, having upper and lower ear portions, and an inline channel sized to receive an end of the cutter assembly. The housing mounts include a first guide and a second guide defining forward and rearward abutment faces. A wedge assembly includes a bolt that extends through the first guide and engages a wedge configured to clamp the cutter shaft to the housing mount. A back support assembly includes a clamp block that abuts the rearward abutment face, a bridge block that abuts the forward abutment face, and a bolt that extends through the blocks. The bridge block abuts the shaft to provide support.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 19, 2017
    Assignee: The Robbins Company
    Inventors: Carl E. Lenaburg, Ross D. Galbraith
  • Patent number: 9399269
    Abstract: There are provided using high power laser systems for performing decommissioning welding and repair of structures in boreholes, off-shore, and other remote and hazardous locations. In a particular embodiment the laser system is a Class I system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: Foro Energy, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark S. Zediker, Daryl L. Grubb, Brian O. Faircloth, Kenneth L. Havlinek, Scott A. Marshall
  • Patent number: 9255476
    Abstract: A method of constructing a shaft in the earth for use as, for example, a launch shaft or a retrieval shaft, may include several steps. One step includes installing a secant pile wall into the earth. The secant pile wall encloses a portion of the earth. Another step includes excavating the portion of the earth enclosed by the secant pile wall. The excavated portion leaves an interior of the shaft and exposes an inside surface of the secant pile wall. Yet another step includes placing a metal liner within the interior of the shaft. And yet another step includes partially or more filling a space located between the inside surface of the secant pile wall and the metal liner with a grout material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Ric-Man Construction, Inc.
    Inventors: Steven M. Mancini, Edward A. Mancini
  • Publication number: 20140219725
    Abstract: A tunneling apparatus includes a drill head and a steering shell. The drill head includes a main body having a distal end and an oppositely disposed proximal end. The steering shell is disposed at the distal end of the drill head and is moveable relative to the main body of the drill head. The drill head includes structure that assists in maintaining a precise line even in soft drilling conditions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: Vermeer Manufacturing Company
    Inventors: Stuart Harrison, Edwin Spoelsra, Nathan James Meyer
  • Patent number: 8789890
    Abstract: An abrasion detecting apparatus is configured to detect the abrasion of a component of a cutter head of a tunnel boring machine, which is configured to excavate ground using a cutter to bore a tunnel. The abrasion detecting apparatus includes an abrasion detection probe located rearward of a front end of the cutter by a predetermined distance and located forward or rearward of a front end of the component, whose abrasion is to be detected, of the cutter head by a predetermined distance, where the abrasion detection probe includes an abrasion detecting portion at a front end portion thereof. The abrasion detecting portion abrades away by contact with the ground to be excavated. The abrasion detecting apparatus also includes a detecting device configured to detect an abrasion of the abrasion detecting portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Kawasaki Jukogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Hiroyoshi Iwata, Yasunori Kondo, Yoshio Sakai, Taso Aimi
  • Patent number: 8591151
    Abstract: In forming a mine shaft for an underground mine, earth excavated by a boring machine may be transported upwardly by a handling unit to a transfer station where it may be transferred into skips, which may be raised and lowered along skip guides within the shaft hole for transport of the excavated material to an earth surface region. The transfer station may be moved downwardly as excavation progresses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Technological Resouces Pty. Ltd.
    Inventors: Rocky Lynn Webb, Morris James Medd, Ryan George Gough, John Nicholas De La Vergne, Andy Robert Fearn, Fredric Christopher Delabbio
  • Patent number: 8535561
    Abstract: Tail seal compound (tail seal) for tunnelling machine comprising blown oils, more than 30% by weight of a mineral charge and fibrous material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Lamberti SpA
    Inventors: Jacopo Franchini, Luigi Merli, Nicola Zangarini, Giuseppe Li Bassi
  • Patent number: 8393828
    Abstract: A boring machine includes a steering head which is located behind a cutter head. The steering head has a plurality of steering openings spaced around its periphery. A steering component is mounted adjacent to each steering opening, and each steering component includes a steering paddle that is pivotally mounted with respect to the steering head so as to pivot about a paddle pivot axis. Each steering component also includes a linear actuator and a force multiplier. The linear actuator operates to direct an actuating force along a line that is parallel to the longitudinal axis of the steering head, and it cooperates with the force multiplier and the steering paddle so that upon operation of the linear actuator, a pivot force which is the product of the actuating force and a multiplier factor greater than one causes the steering paddle to pivot about the pivot axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: American Augers, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Vidovic, Michael W. Thomas
  • Publication number: 20130045055
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for replacing a disk cutter (1) mounted with preload in a casing (2) attached to the cutting head of a tunnel boring machine, operated using a disk cutter (1) bearing, firmly attached thereto, an element (4) for locking into the housing (2) and preloading means (5), the method involving the steps of: a) removing a worn disk cutter (1) from said housing (2): • clamping a disk cutter (1) handling device (3) onto the housing (2); • taking hold of the disk cutter, • releasing the preload, • unlocking, • extracting the disk cutter (1), • unclamping the device (3), b) fitting a replacement disk cutter (1) in reverse order.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Publication date: February 21, 2013
    Inventors: Jean-Noël Derycke, Sébastien Rubrecht
  • Patent number: 8210774
    Abstract: A guided boring machine includes a cutter head, a steering head and an internal casing with an auger therein for conveying material cut by the cutter head towards the rear end of the auger. The boring machine bores a tunnel from a launch pit to a target pit along a desired boring direction and simultaneously installing a selected one of a plurality of differently-sized product casings in the tunnel. When the internal casing is placed within a selected product casing with its internal casing longitudinal axis coincident with the longitudinal axis of the selected product casing, an annular space is formed with respect to the selected product casing. The guidance assembly includes a laser that is mounted behind the boring machine and oriented so as to direct its beam in a desired boring direction within the annular space. A target mount is mounted to the steering head inside surface. The target mount includes a roll correction slot which is parallel to the adjacent steering head inside surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Astec Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Vidovic, Michael W. Thomas
  • Publication number: 20120051843
    Abstract: A tunnel drilling machine and a method for drilling an epitrochoidal tunnel is disclosed. The tunnel drilling machine includes a tunneling machine body, a fixed gear operatively coupled to a frontal end of the tunneling machine body along a central axis of the tunneling machine body, and a drill head having a substantially triangular periphery. The drill head includes an internal gear ring, the internal gear ring being mounted on the fixed gear, wherein the fixed gear drives the internal gear ring around the fixed gear with a gear ratio of 3:1 to form an epitrochoidal tunnel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Publication date: March 1, 2012
    Applicant: King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventor: Mazen A. Ba-abbad
  • Patent number: 8113741
    Abstract: A boring machine includes a cutter head, an internal casing and an auger that is located within the internal casing. The cutter head and the auger are operationally connected to a rotational mechanism. A rear bulkhead is located at the rear end of the auger, and a rear hopper is located behind the rear bulkhead. The boring machine also includes means for directing material cut by the cutter head into the auger so that rotation of the auger will convey such material rearwardly to the rear hopper. The boring machine includes a transverse conveyor located behind the rear bulkhead in the rear hopper which is adapted to convey material out of the rear hopper in a direction transverse to the longitudinal axis of the auger.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignee: Astec Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: David A. Vidovic, Michael W. Thomas
  • Publication number: 20110008107
    Abstract: Tail seal compound (tail seal) for tunnelling machine comprising blown oils, more than 30% by weight of a mineral charge and fibrous material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2009
    Publication date: January 13, 2011
    Inventors: Jacopo Franchini, Luigi Merli, Nicola Zangarini, Giuseppe Li Bassi
  • Patent number: 7753140
    Abstract: An auger boring machine includes a common power source for powering a drive motor which rotates an auger and a drive assembly which drives a pilot tube to form a pilot hole in the earth which is followed by the auger. The drive assembly is movable into and out of the operational position of the auger to allow the auger to be mounted on the drive motor. Preferably the drive assembly is removably mounted on the frame of the auger boring machine. An electric generator and hydraulic pump are powered by the common power source for operating various components of the drive assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2010
    Inventor: James S. Barbera
  • Patent number: 7731453
    Abstract: Described is a method for the trenchless underground laying of pipes. According to said method, a shield tunnel boring machine and then subsequently pipes are driven through the ground starting from a starting shaft. The shield tunnel boring machine produces a borehole whose diameter is slightly greater than the outer diameter of the pipes. The annular space between the borehole wall and the pipes thereby obtained is filled with a supporting and lubricating agent. During advance, a continuous and periodical examination of the composition of the ground is carried out in the area of the shield tunnel boring machine or the first pipe following the shield tunnel boring machine or the first lubricating point. Depending on the result of the examination, the ground in the examined area is sealed off and/or solidified by a sealing and/or solidifying agent and/or the composition of the supporting and lubricating agent is adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Stein & Partner GmbH
    Inventor: Dietrich Stein
  • Publication number: 20100086359
    Abstract: A method of determining a direction of a drilling pattern in tunnel curve calculation to be executed in a control unit of a rock drilling rig. The invention further relates to a storage device including software product implementing the method, and a rock drilling rig. A tunnel line of a tunnel to be excavated is determined e.g. by using curve fitting. A location of a drilling site on the tunnel line is communicated to the control unit and a navigation plane of the drilling pattern is positioned on the tunnel line. A start point of a round is positioned on the tunnel line and a length of the round is provided. Further, an end point of the round is positioned at a distance corresponding with the length of the round from the start point and a coordinate system of the drilling pattern is directed such that one of its axes points from the start point to the end point. Finally, different coordinate systems are transformed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2008
    Publication date: April 8, 2010
    Applicant: Sandvik Mining and Construction Oy
    Inventor: Tommi Säleniemi
  • Patent number: 7686542
    Abstract: The surface of rock or soil, newly-exposed, for example, by tunnelling, and having the tendency to become friable on exposure to the atmosphere, can be protected by forming thereon a film by the process of combining on the surface at least one coagulable material and a coagulating agent therefor. The preferred coagulable material is an aqueous polymer dispersion, preferably one which has some degree of elastomeric properties, and preferably one which additionally is anionically stabilized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Assignee: Construction Research & Technology GmbH
    Inventor: Peter Ellenberger
  • Publication number: 20100028084
    Abstract: The present invention provides a door arrangement for a tunneling machine. The door arrangement is for location at the front of the tunneling machine adjacent to the digging end of the machine. The door arrangement allows for the interior of the machine to be sealed off from the tunnel face, while also allowing for the door arrangement to be opened and allow complete access to the tunnel face. The door arrangement comprises door sections for hinged connection to a tunneling machine, the door sections being pivotable about the hinged connection between a closed position sealing the tunneling machine and an open position allowing the tunneling machine access to a tunnel face.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2009
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Tony Dimillo
  • Publication number: 20090297273
    Abstract: A tunnel boring machine (90) having a rotating cutter head (93) that rotatably supports a plurality of cutter assemblies (10). A plurality of instrument packages (50) are attached to the rotating cutter head, each instrument package having a distal end in contact with an associated cutter assembly. The instrument packages include a plurality of sensors including an accelerometer (32), magnetometer (33) and temperature sensor (34), for monitoring the associated cutter assembly. The sensors are mounted in a distal end of the instrument packages that is biased to remain in contact with the cutter assembly. The instrument packages include a wireless transmitter, and they are interconnected in a mesh or peer to peer network. A power supply (176) such as a battery pack is provided for each instrument package. The data from the sensors may be used to control operation of the tunnel boring machine and/or to monitor the condition of the cutter assemblies.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2009
    Publication date: December 3, 2009
    Inventors: Leif R. Lindbergh, Aaron J. Shanahan, Ian R. Cahoon, Richard J. Robbins, James C. Moore, Brent R. Brown, Timothy J. Reilly
  • Publication number: 20090092446
    Abstract: A fastening element has a drilling head (21) provided at one end (16) of anchor tube (12) and having at least one inlet opening (23) that opens toward the receiving chamber (13) of the anchor tube (12), and at least one through-opening (24) that opens outwardly for passing of the hardenable mass therethrough, and a mixing element (31) for the hardenable mass and which is located in the drilling head (21) between the at least one inlet opening (23) and the at least one through-opening (24).
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Publication date: April 9, 2009
    Inventors: Michael Bayerl, Wolfgang Ludwig, Kay Heemann
  • Patent number: 6926100
    Abstract: An enhanced reaming apparatus and method are disclosed. A reaming assembly may have a motor and a pump that provide linear force, torsional force, and pressurized drilling fluid to a reamer to cause the reamer to enlarge the bore of a pilot hole. The reamer may have a body and a plurality of blade assemblies that cooperate to define two substantially symmetrical, oppositely oriented reaming sections. Each blade assembly may have an inner blade attached to the body and an outer blade extending outward from the body. Hard cutting elements may be used in place of the outer blade. The blade assemblies may be field-replaced, or the orientation of the reamer may be reversed to enhance the life of the reamer. The reamer has jets and circulation openings that release the drilling fluid into the bore to facilitate penetration and remove cuttings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 13, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2005
    Assignee: XTECH Industries International, Inc.
    Inventors: Paul G. Anthony, Miles G. Pierson
  • Patent number: 6899842
    Abstract: A process and plant for laying a pipe in a trench comprising placing a flattened tubular preform in the trench, the perform having a reinforcement surrounding an inner seal, the reinforcement being impregnated with a resin, and inflating the perform in the trench.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignee: Schlumberger Technology Corporation
    Inventors: Pierre-Yves Corre, James Leighton, Jean-Louis Saltel
  • Patent number: 6802673
    Abstract: A process of boring a tunnel using an earth-pressure balance shield boring tunnelling machine having a cutting head, an excavation chamber for soil removed by boring and conveying means for removal of said soil from the excavation chamber; wherein there is injected into a stratum being bored at the cutting head a foamed aqueous solution, characterized in that (a) the aqueous solution contains two essential components which are (i) a sulphate- or sulphonate-containing anionic susfactant, and (ii) &bgr;-naphthalene sulphonate-formaldehyde condensate; and in that (b) there is applied to the soil removed by boring in at least one of the excavation chamber and the conveyor a second aqueous solution containing essentially a high molecular weight polyethylene oxide and optionally a sulphate- or sulphonate-containing anionic surfactant. The process allows easy removal of soil from the cutting head to the excavation chamber and from the excavation chamber out of the machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2004
    Assignee: MBT Holding AG
    Inventor: Peter Ellenberger
  • Patent number: 6772134
    Abstract: Control apparatus for a horizontal boring tool is described which drives a boring lance via boring rods. The tool includes an input interface for receiving actual values of controlled variables of the horizontal boring tool, and an output unit for issuing control signals for controlling the horizontal boring tool. Between the input interface and the output unit is provided a fuzzy control unit which determines the control signals for activation of the horizontal boring tool from the actual values of the controlled variables and the desired values for the controlled variables by fuzzy logic while taking into account heuristic process values. The control apparatus permits automatic operation of the horizontal boring tool with good course steering and high precision.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2004
    Assignee: Fraunhofer Gesellschaft zur Forderung der angewandten Forschung, e.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Jacubasch, Helge Bjorn Kuntze, Hans-Joachim Bayer
  • Patent number: 6761415
    Abstract: A trailer for a tunnel borer follower train comprises a chassis provided with a plurality of wheels, the chassis at rest presenting a longitudinal axis and a longitudinal plane of symmetry that is vertical. The trailer also comprises at least two tanks mounted on the chassis substantially symmetrically about the longitudinal plane of symmetry of the chassis; apparatus for measuring any tilt of the chassis of the trailer about its longitudinal axis; apparatus for feeding both tanks with liquid; and apparatus for controlling the quantity of liquid in each of the tanks as a function of any measured tilt in such a manner that the quantity of liquid contained in each tank creates a return torque about the longitudinal axis tending to compensate for any tilt of the trailer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 13, 2004
    Assignee: Compagnie du Sol
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Sabatie, Frédéric Daugenne, Jean-Yves Padovanni
  • Patent number: 6644754
    Abstract: A tunnel excavating machine having an excavating machine body can be moved forward by shield jacks. A rotatable cutter head is mounted in a front portion of the excavating machine body. An erector device for assembling segments in a ring form is mounted in a rear portion of the excavating machine body. A rest extends rearward from the rear portion of the excavating machine body. A shape retainer for making pressurized contact with inner peripheral surfaces of the assembled segments to retain the segments in a predetermined shape is supported on the rest so as to be movable along a fore-and-aft direction. Also, a revolving frame is located between the erector device and the shape retainer, and supported on the rest so as to be movable along the fore-and-aft direction such that the revolving frame does not interfere with the erector device and the shape retainer. A cage is supported on the revolving frame so as to be revolvable in a circumferential direction of an existing tunnel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2003
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventor: Koichi Yoshimoto
  • Patent number: 6595724
    Abstract: A tunnel excavating machine of high-speed construction capable of completely stopping invasion of water and allowing covering members to be assembled easily is provided. This tunnel excavating machine comprises: a cylindrical excavating machine main portion 1 provided with a cutter head 4 and fit to an external periphery of an existing segment S through a tail seal 23; a cylindrical excavating machine auxiliary portion 2 fit to the inside of the excavating machine main portion 1 movably in the back and forth directions and provided with an erector 25 for assembling the segments; a plurality of main propulsion jacks 22 disposed between the main portion 1 and the auxiliary portion 2; and a plurality of auxiliary propulsion jacks 22 mounted on the auxiliary portion 2 and capable of being retracted with respect to the segment S.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2003
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Konda, Hirohiko Obayashi
  • Patent number: 6382732
    Abstract: A cutter head is rotationally drivably mounted on a front portion of a tunnel excavating machine body, a plurality of cutter spokes are provided radially on the cutter head, a plurality of mounting holes are formed in a front surface portion of each of the cutter spokes, a valve plate is turnably mounted and has through-holes formed in correspondence with the mounting holes, relay bits are mounted movably to the through-holes and the mounting holes and rearwardly withdrawably, the relay bit can be fixed by bolts at a position at which the relay bit protrudes from the front surface portion of the cutter spoke, and when the relay bit is withdrawn rearward from the mounting hole, the valve plate is turned to close the mounting hole, whereafter the relay bit is detached and can be replaced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2002
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Junichi Tanaka, Mitsunori Tsuda, Hisaya Nakada, Syuichi Setsukinai, Teizou Suzuki
  • Patent number: 6375390
    Abstract: A construction method for widening road, superhighway or railway tunnels, without interrupting the traffic flow includes a first stage of excavation; in steps, of the ground between the theoretical profile of the future widened tunnel and that of the original tunnel, after having reinforced the ground between the theoretical profile of the future widened tunnel and that of the original tunnel by reinforcement operations on the face, and a second stage in which the final lining, comprising one or more arches of prefabricated segments is placed close to the face.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2002
    Inventor: Pietro Lunardi
  • Patent number: 6357965
    Abstract: A wall is built in the ground by pulling a wall building device having cross-sectional dimensions which are substantially equal to the dimensions of at least a part of the cross-section of the wall through the ground, at least a part of the wall being formed by injecting a hardenable material behind the wall building device. A tunnel is made by first making a tunnel wall, leaving the ground inside the tunnel wall substantially intact, followed by excavating the ground inside the tunnel wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 6, 1998
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: Heerema Ondergrondse Infrastructuren B.V.
    Inventors: Marinus Chr. Lammertink, Rutger Chr. van Voorden, René Broeder
  • Publication number: 20020031403
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a tunnel excavating machine of high-speed construction type and an excavation method which is capable of stopping invasion of water completely and allows covering members to be assembled easily.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Inventors: Shinichi Konda, Hirohiko Obayashi
  • Patent number: 6347838
    Abstract: Cutter spokes are disposed on a cutterhead of a tunnel-excavating machine. Movable blocks, each having a roller cutter, are movably supported by each of the cutter spokes while being connected one another by means of a connection link. A gate mechanism is attached to an end portion of each of the cutter spokes. A machine body is equipped with a roller cutter accommodation box such that through rotation of the cutterhead to a predetermined angular position, the roller cutter accommodation box can be selectively and removably engaged with the end portion of any one of the cutter spokes via the gate mechanism.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2002
    Assignees: Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tobishima Corporation
    Inventors: Tsunematsu Mukaidani, Masahiko Sugiyama
  • Publication number: 20010035674
    Abstract: An excavating device configured to form a channel of predetermined cross section in the ground in an excavation direction. The excavating device includes an assembly of jet excavating units which together define the cross section of the channel and are each provided with at least one jet device. The excavating device also includes at least one sensor which is connected to at least one of the jet excavating units for measuring a force which is exerted on the jet excavating units by the ground substantially parallel to the excavation direction. A controller is provided for controlling the excavation by the excavating device on the basis of the force measured by the at least one sensor. The controller is adapted to set a flow rate of jet liquid which is used in at least one jet device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 2, 2001
    Publication date: November 1, 2001
    Applicant: HEEREMA HOLDING CONSTRUCTION INC.
    Inventors: Rogier Cristian Koene, Rokus Van Den Bout, Frits-Jan Koppert, Cornelis Van Zandwijk
  • Patent number: 6305754
    Abstract: A tunnel excavator includes a pair of cutters arranged side by side at a front portion of a tunnel excavator main body. These cutters rotate in opposite directions for excavating the earth to form excavation and for causing the excavated earth to move toward a center area between the pair of cutters. The tunnel excavator further includes a screw cutter extending horizontally in a width direction of the tunnel excavator behind the pair of cutters at a lower level. The screw cutter has a pair of flights spiraling in opposite directions toward the center from opposite ends of the screw cutter for gathering the excavated earth to the center of the screw cutter. A soil plate generally extends along and behind the screw cutter and pushes the excavated earth as the tunnel excavator advances, but the soil plate has an outlet at a lower center area thereof for allowing the excavated earth to pass therethrough. A conveyor is provided behind the soil plate outlet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 1999
    Date of Patent: October 23, 2001
    Assignee: Ishikawajima-Harima Heavy Industries Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Toshiaki Uehara, Takanobu Miki, Tomofumi Ishino
  • Patent number: 6287052
    Abstract: A method of boring a tunnel with a tunnel boring machine comprising injecting into the formation to be bored just before the cutting tools of the boring machine and optionally into the internal discharge chamber of the boring machine, an aqueous foam containing at least one clay, at least one surfactant and at least one gas in proportion to produce a good quality, stable foam with the formation material and discharging the material from the tunnel via the discharge of the boring machine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 28, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2001
    Assignee: Condat S.A.
    Inventors: Jean Marc Basset, Paul Hofmann, Jean Louis Mansoux, Philippe Roman
  • Publication number: 20010010780
    Abstract: A reclamation pipe boring apparatus for sewerage wherein a vehicle body (14) is provided with an outrigger (20) upwardly projecting via the center thereof and actuated by hydraulic pressure, a cutting device (25) disposed in the front region of the vehicle body (14), actuated by hydraulic pressure and having a rotary cutter (24) at the front end, lift means (30) actuated by hydraulic pressure to move the cutting device (25) up and down, reach means (35) actuated by hydraulic pressure to move the cutting device (25) back and forth, and swing means (40) actuated by hydraulic pressure to turn the cutting device (25) clockwise and counterclockwise.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Publication date: August 2, 2001
    Inventor: Ryozo Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 6142577
    Abstract: A tunnel boring machine for collecting earth excavated upon rotation of a cutter disk includes a non-pressurized chamber behind the cutter disk for collecting earth excavated by the cutter disk and discharging the earth with a carrying fluid. The machine includes a first open tank arranged in the non-pressurized chamber which serves as a vessel for containing the carrying fluid as well as a hopper for collecting excavated earth. Carrying fluid supply apparatus is provided for supplying the carrying fluid to the first open tank and suction/discharge apparatus is provided for sucking and discharging the carrying fluid supply to the first open tank rearwardly together with the collected earth. Water level control apparatus provided for monitoring a water level of a carrying fluid in the first open tank and keeping the water level between a minimum water level and a maximum water level.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1998
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2000
    Assignees: Hitachi Construction Machinery Co., Ltd., Sankei Corporation
    Inventors: Minoru Tayama, Kiyoshi Tsuchiya, Yasuaki Ishikawa, Masaaki Miki, Ryoichi Arita, Kazunori Ueda
  • Patent number: 6092963
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a tail structure of a shield driving machine, and in particular relates to an improvement technique of the tail sealing portion of this type of shield driving machine, in order to eliminate wearing of the tail seal. The tail structure has a first tail seal 12 and a second tail seal 14. The first tail seal 12 is provided with a tail ring 12a, a seal tube 12b and packing 12c, and the tail ring 12a is secured movably in the axial direction of a skin plate 10. The packing 12c is pressure-fitted to segments 11 in line with enlargement of the seal tube 12b and is spaced from the segments 11 in line with reduction of the seal tube 12b. The second tail seal 14 is provided with a seal tube 14a and packing 14b, wherein the packing 14b is pressure-fitted to the segments 11 in line with enlargement of the seal tube 14a and is spaced from the segments 11 in line with reduction of the seal tube 14b.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 25, 2000
    Assignee: Obayashi Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Miya, Yoshihiro Tanaka
  • Patent number: 6089791
    Abstract: To construct a tunnel in a formation (11, 15) with zones of high hydraulic pressure (15), a gallery (13) is driven from the stable formation (11) toward the problem formation zone (15). At least one lock zone (19) with pressure-tight gates (23, 23') is constructed under protection of the stable formation (11) at some distance from the problem formation zone (15). Behind this lock zone (19) the gallery (13) is now filled with water (25) and pressurized. Further driving into the problem formation zone (15) and therethrough is now performed under water (25) having a pressure corresponding to the hydraulic pressure of the problem formation zone (15). For this purpose the machines (47, 47', 73) are remote-controlled and are controlled and monitored from the atmospheric zone (17). Material transportation operations are managed substantially via the lock zone (19).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Inventor: Riccardo Bernasconi
  • Patent number: 6082930
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a shield driving machine by which eliminates excessive work of the ground when working at a curved section while suppressing an increase of the sinking of the ground surface and securing a quickening in the stability of segments. In the shield driving machine, a bulkhead 16 is provided at the tip end side of the shield driving machine body 14 of the shield driving machine 10. The chamber 18 which is formed by the bulkhead 16 and has the tip end side open is filled up with excavated earth and sand and is used to oppose the earth pressure and water pressure in the natural ground. A rotating shaft 22 which supports cross-shaped spokes 20 penetrates on the center axis of the bulkhead 16. At the shield driving machine 10, a plurality of openings 24 which discharge a part of the excavated earth and sand supplied from the chamber 18 to the rear side of the shield driving machine body 14 are provided at the hood portion 27.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 3, 1998
    Date of Patent: July 4, 2000
    Assignee: Obayashi Corporation
    Inventors: Kiyoshi Miya, Yoshihiro Tanaka
  • Patent number: 5931601
    Abstract: A tunneling machine intended to stably carry out gripper replacement by restricting the load imposed on gripper jacks for the main gripper as much as possible during excavation of an inclined shaft. Such a tunneling machine comprises (1) a main beam that extends along a tunnel wall, (2) a nose gripper disposed in front of the main beam for gripping the main beam against the wall of a pilot shaft and a main gripper disposed behind the main beam for gripping the main beam against the wall of a reamed shaft, (3) a main frame supported by the main beam so as to be slidable back and forth and supporting a cutter head at the front portion thereof, (4) a holding gripper (composed of a roof support, side support, vertical support) for gripping the main frame against the wall of the reamed shaft, (5) thrust jacks coupling the main frame to gripper shoes for the main gripper, and (6) retaining jacks coupling the main frame to a carrier.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 3, 1999
    Assignee: Komatsu Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Terada, Yoshihito Minami, Toshihiro Yamazaki, Masaru Nakamura
  • Patent number: 5722800
    Abstract: A bulkhead for manufacturing underground structures such as earth cavities in a closed construction method, formed of sealing walls arranged as an enclosure and sealing earth masses to be removed against ground water, wherein the sealing walls are formed of a hardened mixture of bentonite-cement injected under pressure into the ground, characterized in that the sealing walls inserted into fine sand or silts are arranged in the form of a roof and are formed as a substantially elastically deformable bulkhead envelope by adding filler to the mixture of bentonite-cement. Preferably, the bulkhead sealing walls of the bulkhead envelope extend from a central ridge line on the earth surface or below it downwardly in an obliquely diverging direction into water-impermeable soil. The bulkhead can be made airtight so that a vacuum can be applied to the earth mass enclosed by the bulkhead envelope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 25, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Keller Grundbau GmbH
    Inventor: Klaus Esters
  • Patent number: 5707176
    Abstract: An earth discharge control system for a small-diameter pipe propelling machine controls the excavated earth discharging operation of the small-diameter pipe propelling machine. The small-pipe propelling machine propels a small-diameter pipe (2) joined at its leading end to a leading pipe (1) into the ground by a propelling unit (3) installed in a starting shaft (4). Earth excavated by a cutting head (8) supported on the leading end of the leading pipe (1) is conveyed toward the starting shaft (4) by a screw conveyor (6) disposed within the small-diameter pipe (1). A pneumatically operated control valve (10) is disposed in combination with a portion of the screw conveyor (6) within the leading pipe (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 13, 1998
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho
    Inventor: Yasuo Okubo
  • Patent number: 5501548
    Abstract: When a shield tunneling machine is deviated from the scheduled line while being propelled, the deviation of the shield tunneling machine from the scheduled line is detected and according to the data obtained on the deviation of the shield tunneling machine from the scheduled line, the propelling direction of the shield tunneling machine is automatically controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 26, 1996
    Assignees: Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd., Kabushiki Kaisha Iseki Kaihatsu Koki
    Inventors: Mitsutoshi Hayashi, Akitaka Fujita, Shingo Nagashima, Isao Fujimori
  • Patent number: 5478170
    Abstract: An object of this invention is to improve precision in the operation, operating efficiency, and reliability of an excavator. A soil condition at a place where an excavator (1) is advanced is inputted, and a reference number of revolutions of a cutter (9) and a reference advancing speed of the excavator (1) are set in correspondence with the inputted soil condition. Meanwhile, a load on each actuator (17, 18) is detected. The actuator (18) for rotating the cutter is controlled so as to allow the set reference number of revolutions to be obtained for the cutter (9). In a case where the load on each of the actuators (17, 18) is within a predetermined range, the actuator (17) for advancing is controlled so as to allow the set reference advancing speed to be obtained for the excavator (1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Komatsu Seisakusho
    Inventors: Tadayuki Hanamoto, Yutaka Kato, Norio Takahashi
  • Patent number: 5393172
    Abstract: A shield tunneling machine comprises a shield body having a soil chamber, an inside chamber and a partition wall. The soil chamber has a conical peripheral surface converging gradually rearward. A crankshaft having an eccentric portion is rotatably supported by the partition wall at the center of the partition wall corresponding to the axis of the shield body. A cutter disc with roller bits is secured to a front end of the crankshaft, and a conical rotor is rotatably mounted on the eccentric portion of the crankshaft behind the cutter disc. Since the cutter disc is rotated at an increased rotary velocity by five to ten times as many as that of a cutter disc in a conventional shield tunneling machine, crushing of gravel can be efficiently carried out by the cutter disc with roller bits in cooperation with the conical rotor mounted on the crankshaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 28, 1995
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Iseki Kaihatsu Koki
    Inventor: Toshio Akesaka
  • Patent number: 5382114
    Abstract: A tunnel excavation apparatus comprises a frame mounted on crawler tracks and provided with pistons comprising stabilizer feet, a power unit, a working unit, and auxiliary movement and positioning services. The working unit is arranged on an arm mounted on one end of telescopic uprights, which are hinged at their other ends to the frame about an axis substantially parallel to the longitudinal direction of the machine, and consists of a rectilinear rigid structure, at the perimeter of which excavation tools are arranged on a chain, to circulate along the side and front of the structure. The tools are hinged to a caisson open on the side opposite the hinged side and provided with apparatus for conveying concrete into its interior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 1992
    Date of Patent: January 17, 1995
    Assignee: Trevi S.p.A.
    Inventor: Davide Trevisani
  • Patent number: 5380127
    Abstract: A method of excavating an underground area liable to flooding or collapsing during excavation, wherein the area is susceptible to disaggregation by high pressure water jet and is located above rock of strength suitable for drifting a gallery comprises drifting a gallery in the rock beneath the area, freezing at least a perimeter of the area to form a frozen perimeter, and excavating material from within the frozen perimeter using a high pressure water jet and one or more boreholes between the gallery and the area. Preferably the whole area is frozen for excavation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1993
    Date of Patent: January 10, 1995
    Assignees: Cigar Lake Mining Corporation, Cogema
    Inventors: Clovis Caleix, Jean-Luc Narcy