With Anchoring Of Structure Patents (Class 405/244)
  • Patent number: 5649788
    Abstract: A system and method are provided for driving a ground anchor and associated anchor rod into the ground. The ground anchor is held securely relative to a drive gad which is reciprocated bi-directionally with an actuator. One end of the anchor rod is pivotally connected to the ground anchor. Another end of the anchor rod is connected either to the drive gad or to the actuator so that the anchor rod is caused to vibrate positively in phase with the anchor. The vibrating anchor liquefies the ground and can be pushed easily through the ground to a desired anchoring position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1997
    Assignee: Foresight Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas E. Jewett
  • Patent number: 5649790
    Abstract: An apparatus for securing the rock formation of a structure, such as in the walls and ceiling of a mine shaft includes a forward portion having a given diameter and length and cross section and a larger diameter rear portion also having a given diameter and length and cross section. A tapered conical portion is attached between the forward portion and the rear portion thereby serving as a smooth interface therebetween. A slit, having a predetermined width gap, runs the full length of the apparatus and an annulus is provided that is attached to the rear portion to engage a mine shaft plate. To insert the apparatus into the formation, a first larger diameter hole is drilled into the formation approximately equal to or slightly in excess of the length of the rear portion. A second smaller diameter hole is then drilled along the same axis to an overall depth which equally or exceeds the length of the apparatus. The mine shaft plate is then placed over the apparatus before it is inserted into the drilled holes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 22, 1997
    Inventors: Douglas Matthew Mergen, Dean Allen Vilhauer
  • Patent number: 5642964
    Abstract: An in-ground conduit system for a ground source heat pump is provided. The in-ground conduit system is a conduit-loop having at least one wing member mounted on the conduit loop such that the wing member contacts the ground in such a way so as to resist upward movement of the conduit loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 1, 1997
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Jimmie G. DeMasters
  • Patent number: 5639184
    Abstract: An in-ground conduit system for a ground source heat pump is provided. The in-ground conduit system is a conduit-loop having at least one wing member mounted on the conduit loop such that the wing member contacts the ground in such a way so as to resist upward movement of the conduit loop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 5, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Phillips Petroleum Company
    Inventor: Jimmie G. DeMasters
  • Patent number: 5636944
    Abstract: An anchor for a beach umbrella having a canopy and a support post therefore comprising a container having a predetermined hollow, solid geometric configuration capable of being buried in and containing sand, the container including an open top, a bottom and a side wall extending from the open top to the bottom, the bottom having an aperture therein coaxial of a longitudinal axis of the container; a cylindrical member secured in the aperture and extending at least downward from the bottom externally of the container coaxial of an extension of the longitudinal axis to receive an end of the support post; and an arrangement to secure the cylindrical member to the one end of the support post and, hence, to secure the container to the support post. Three embodiments are disclosed, but the compression nut embodiment of FIG. 1 is preferred due to ease of (tool-less) fastening the container to the support post.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Inventor: Edward P. Buttimore
  • Patent number: 5607261
    Abstract: A clamshell screw anchor is provided which is inexpensive to manufacture, installable in many types of soils including rocky and frozen soils, and is adaptable for use in various applications, such as supporting electric transmission poles. The screw anchor broadly includes a unitary body member, a core, and a helical load bearing element. The body member is stamped from a substantially flat piece of material, and presents a pair of opposed, elongated body segments depending from a line of symmetry. Each of the body segments includes a first end shaped to define a hub element having a C-shaped cross section, a second end shaped to define a lead point element, and a pair of longitudinally extending side edges. The body member is folded about the line of symmetry, and the body segments are secured together along the side edges so that the hub elements form a hub having an open, upper end, and a rectangular cross-sectional shape, and the lead point elements form a lead point having an earth-engaging tip.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 4, 1997
    Assignee: Hubbell Incorporated
    Inventors: James T. Odom, Robert M. Hoyt, Daniel V. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 5575308
    Abstract: An anchor body defines an open-end receptacle suitable for receiving the valve body of a quick coupling irrigation valve. The anchor body defines an end portion having a threaded aperture therein which receives a threaded bolt. The threaded bolt is adjusted to provide a captivating force upon the valve body and secure it within the open end receptacle. The anchor body further defines a pair of oppositely extending vertical vanes on each side of the open end receptacle together with a pair of horizontal vanes. The vertical vanes cooperate with the surrounding soil pack when the anchor is installed to resist torsional forces applied to the valve while the horizontal vanes cooperate with the surrounding soil to resist vertical forces upon the valve.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Inventor: Ali Marandi
  • Patent number: 5575593
    Abstract: A method and apparatus used to increase the stiffness characteristic of soil to improve its ability to support a structures and to provide a tie-back anchoring force. The apparatus includes an anchor having helixes thereon is rotated into the ground. The helical anchor is hollow and includes multiple perforated holes along its length and about its perimeter. Once, the anchor is drilled into the ground, pressurized grout is injected therein. The grout is forced through the helical anchor and out through the perforated holes. The grout fills any voids along the sides of the anchor and stiffens the surrounding soil. Once the grout hardens, it may be used in a tie-back application or to support new and old construction or the like. The grout surrounding the anchor increases its lateral support and prevents deflection thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 19, 1996
    Assignee: Atlas Systems, Inc.
    Inventor: David B. Raaf
  • Patent number: 5570975
    Abstract: Mobile metal foundation installation apparatus and method are disclosed including a push-it carriage movably supported through controllable positioning to push a metal foundation into the ground by hydraulic cylinders pushing against a header frame held and secured in adjustable positions on a mobile tower. After the hydraulic cylinders extend to a maximum extension, the pushing reaction bar can be advanced to a lower position in the side frame of the tower. An auger is aligned below the push-it carriage to drill in advance of pushing the metal foundation into the ground in one step. Outboard satellite anchors hold down the mobile tower when the foundation is pushed into the ground. A second auger mounted and detachable on a crane drills holes for the outboard satellite anchors. The second auger can swing laterally to dig a left or right side outboard or satellite anchor hole. An extensible satellite anchor augering guide and anchor structural support extends and retracts on both sides of the mobile tower.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 5, 1996
    Inventor: Gary L. Reinert, Sr.
  • Patent number: 5553978
    Abstract: Expansible anchors, particularly a pivotable anchor for pilings. The anchor is characterized by a backing plate which is secured to the lower exterior portion of the piling. A pivot bracket extends laterally outward of the backing plate to support a pivoting arm and thrust plate. As the piling is being driven, the pivoting arm and thrust plate are pivoted upwardly in substantial alignment with the piling vertical axis. As the piling is driven and set, the pivoting arm and thrust plate are pivoted downwardly to a laterally outward locking mode. The surrounding marine surface then settles upon the thrust plate, locking the piling in place.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 10, 1996
    Inventor: Stanley Bates
  • Patent number: 5547315
    Abstract: A socket for receiving a post, column or rod has a closed end forming a seat against which the post, column or rod may be seated when installed, the socket being secured within the ground or other solid body which may be entered when pierced. The socket is a unitary member which, in one form, may be a sheet of metal folded to have an internal cross sectional configuration corresponding to the post, column or rod and has folds which form the closed end, portions of the folds converging to an oblique leading edge which may pierce and penetrate the ground or other solid body. In an other form of the invention the socket is a hollow tube swaged closed at one end and may be ground to an oblique edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1996
    Inventor: Charles F. Halloran, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5544978
    Abstract: A machine for simultaneously augering and thrusting an anchor into the ground for later attachment of a utility pole or road sign. A vehicle is used to transport the thruster machine with a hydraulic control system such that a rail track is moved into thrusting position and locked in place. A winch, plus a system of hydraulic pistons will raise and lower an auger and thrusting device into the position desired. With an anchor affixed to the bottom of a platform, the auger is then used to drill out the dirt and other material so that the anchor may be more easily inserted into the ground. The thrusting process is facilitated by an indexing feature contained within the platform. A series of hydraulic pistons drive the anchor into the ground until fully stroked, whereupon the platform is re-indexed as needed to completely sink the anchor. Furthermore, a counter-thrust device may also be employed to stabilize the vehicle during the thrusting operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1996
    Assignee: Bor-It Meg. Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Michael W. Albers
  • Patent number: 5533835
    Abstract: A railroad crossing signal foundation has upright guide rods (19) to which an upper frame member (14) and a lower frame member (15) are mounted. A concrete reinforcement gridwork (16,17) is supported on the lower frame. After erection in a ground hole, concrete is poured into the hole to a fill plane defined by the upper frame member (14) so as to embed the frame member and gridwork and a portion of the guide rods located below the fill plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: July 9, 1996
    Inventor: A. M. Angelette
  • Patent number: 5524855
    Abstract: An anchor for supporting an umbrella post in a vertical position relative to a ground surface. The inventive device includes a cylindrical main body positionable into the ground surface and having a cylindrical bore for receiving the umbrella post. The cylindrical body includes a shovel formed at a lower end thereof, and a storage cup secured to an upper end for receiving and storing small articles or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 1, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 11, 1996
    Inventor: Dean A. Lesar
  • Patent number: 5494378
    Abstract: A tubular piling pipe having a plurality of cantilevered perforations formed in the exterior wall of the pipe defined by individual bendable necks and carrying enlarged-in-cross section tabs at their free extremities to provide foundational support. The bendable necks have elastic limits such that an outward force of sufficient magnitude will permanently force the necks and respective tabs radially outward and into the surrounding soil such that the tabs define anchor fingers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 27, 1996
    Inventor: Larry K. Hanson
  • Patent number: 5472296
    Abstract: A corrosion-protected support element for a soil anchor or a rock anchor or a pressure pile includes a support member which is provided with a tubular casing. The hollow space between the support member and the casing is filled out by a hardening material, for example, cement mortar. The tubular casing is a plastics material tube, for example, of PE, which extends over the entire length of the support member. The plastics material tube has the same cross-section over its entire length. In the region of force-transmission between the support member and the bore hole in which the support element is placed, the plastics material tube is deformed at spaced-apart locations to deviating cross-sections having different transverse extensions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 18, 1993
    Date of Patent: December 5, 1995
    Assignee: Dyckerhoff & Widmann Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Hans-Peter von Allmen, Thomas Herbst, Reinhard Klockner
  • Patent number: 5465535
    Abstract: A soil anchor and a method of installing a soil anchor, the soil anchor having: an expandable anchor body; a device for piercing and parting soil at the front end of the soil anchor; a device for transmitting force from a location remote from the soil anchor to the anchor body; a device for transporting hardenable material from a location remote from the soil anchor into the expandable anchor body to wedge the anchor body into the soil; and a device for leading at least one cable to avoid contact between at least one cable and the hardenable material, and for permitting movement of at least one cable adjacent the anchor body while the hardenable material is hardening or hardened.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Soilex AB
    Inventor: Bo T. Skogberg
  • Patent number: 5406663
    Abstract: This invention relates to a method and structure for quickly assembling road foundation and support of this invention, comprising the following steps (1) first, selecting positions spaced from each other at an appropriate distance for placing the foundation along a road above which an elevated road will be constructed; then digging a groove having appropriate size in the ground surface of each selected position for horizontally placing the foundation and the road asphalt; (2) digging a recess having appropriate dimensions along the periphery of said groove for placing a horizontal supporting frame, and spraying the asphalt adhesive on the recess; (3) mounting the horizontal supporting frame on the recess, and filling the space above a horizontal flange extending outward along the the periphery of the bottom of the horizontal supporting frame with asphalt such that the top surface of the filled asphalt is flush with the top of the horizontal supporting frame; (4) then fully spraying the adhesive on the combina
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 18, 1995
    Inventor: Kuo-chung Chen
  • Patent number: 5358209
    Abstract: An anchoring device for use on the shaft of a beach umbrella or the like, including a conical member that tapers to a rounded point and around which is spirally wound a constant pitch asymmetric buttress-type thread whose upper surface is perpendicular to the long axis of the conical member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 25, 1994
    Inventor: William H. Ward
  • Patent number: 5322386
    Abstract: A ground anchor for use in securing above ground objects in place consists of a molded plastic body member having a cylindrical central portion with a cone-shaped projection terminating in a point at one end thereof and a concentrically disposed cylindrical stem projecting from the other end. The stem is of a smaller O.D. than that of the central portion and, thus, an annular shoulder surface is created at the junction. A tie plate is fitted into a slot formed in the molded plastic body. A cable or other tie member connects to that plate and to the object to be anchored. The anchor is driven into the ground by positioning a drive rod over the stem portion of the anchor body so that the end of that rod abuts the annular shoulder. Then, by hammering on the upper end of the drive rod, the anchor is driven into the ground to the desired depth. The anchor is configured so that tension on the tie cable tends to rotate the anchor within the earth to increase the resistance against pull-out.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 21, 1994
    Assignee: Royal Concrete Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Julian P. Trangsrud
  • Patent number: 5295766
    Abstract: An apparatus and a method for building a foundation for uprights, such as flagpoles, posts, pillars or the like, or for making passages e.g. for cables, tubes etc. The apparatus (1) includes a drive-shaft (3) equipped helical auger (2). The shaft (3) is provided with a tubular body portion (4,4a). The end of the body section (4a) facing the helical auger (2) is fitted with a conical section (5) tapering towards helical auger (2). Thus, when the apparatus is in operation, the tapered section (5) serves to compact a soil layer softened by the helical auger (2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 21, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 22, 1994
    Inventor: Matti K. Tiikkainen
  • Patent number: 5286142
    Abstract: An earth anchor apparatus having reduced bending moment characteristics is provided, including a longitudinally extending hub having first and second axial ends. Affixed to the hub between the ends thereof is a radially extending load-bearing element, including a leading edge intersecting the hub and structure extending radially outward from the hub in a generally helical direction. The apparatus further includes an elongated anchor rod having first and second ends, and means for coupling the rod to the earth anchor. The coupling means includes means for reducing bending moments in the rod during movement thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: February 15, 1994
    Assignee: A. B. Chance Company
    Inventors: Robert M. Hoyt, Daniel V. Hamilton
  • Patent number: 5243795
    Abstract: A tie down stake for anchoring small aircraft or other objects to the ground in any soil conditions and which consists of a central hub with an eyelet and a plurality of holes that serve as stake guides for directing a plurality of anchoring rods at a fixed angle downward and outward into the ground. Thus joined by the hub, the anchoring rods cooperate together to form a secure earth anchor. Also disclosed are a rod removal tool, a security cap and a packing tube for use with the tie down stake.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1991
    Date of Patent: September 14, 1993
    Inventor: Bruce Roberts
  • Patent number: 5192168
    Abstract: Soil nails are entrained into the ground by vibration of a beam or compacn probe into the ground and remain behind when the beam is removed to transfix a friction soil layer and anchor it to the cohesion soil layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 9, 1993
    Assignee: Dr.-Ing. Ludwig Muller & Sohne Gesellschaft fur Bautechnik mbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Karl R. Massarsch, Gunter Heppel
  • Patent number: 5177919
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to improved tank structures and apparatus for their construction. The walls of the prestressed tank are formed by inflating a membrane, applying one or more layers of rigidifying material outwardly of said membrane and then prestressing the walls by circumferentially wrapping prestressing material to minimize the tension in the rigidifying material when subject to loading. In another embodiment, wall forms are placed inwardly of said membrane to aid in the forming of the walls and circumferential prestressing. In the best mode of the invention, the walls are of reinforced plastic, fiber-reinforced plastic or resin sandwich composite construction this application focuses on. Seismic countermeasures which may also be used to protect the structure against earthquakes and other tremors, by the anchoring of the tank walls to the base and permitting the seismic forces to be shared by the seismic anchors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 12, 1993
    Inventor: Max J. Dykmans
  • Patent number: 5175966
    Abstract: An earth anchor that can be driven into the ground to a desired anchoring depth and which has a tie rod extending therefrom for connection to an above-the-ground structure to be supported. The anchor is in the form of a stamped plate having a substantially flat co-planar body portion with a tapered ground entry end and with planing wings formed at a trailing end which are angled out of the plane of the body portion for guiding the anchor plate into a substantially horizontal anchoring position upon tensioning of the tie rod. The anchor plate is formed with a stepped drive rod receiving notch in the trailing end which is engageable by the head of the drive rod and which maintains the anchor plate in coaxial relation to the drive rod as it is being driven into the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1991
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1993
    Assignee: Better Bilt Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Mark Remke, Frank Camp, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5171108
    Abstract: A ground anchor adapted to be driven into the ground comprises an elongated flat plate having a first bent portion at one end forming a U-shaped throat along one side of the plate and a second bent portion at the end opposite the first mentioned end slightly inclined relative to the flat surface of the plate in the direction opposite the throat. A cable is secured at one of its ends, to the plate, at an intermediate portion between both ends of the plate. The intermediate portion is located in the direction of the second bent portion relative to the center of gravity of the plate. The end of the cable forming a closed loop has an aperture adjacent the plate and on the same side of the plate as the throat. The loop and the throat are adapted to upstandingly retain the rod while the latter is impacted for driving the anchor into the ground, and the plate is adapted to tilt about the loop when the cable is pulled upwardly thereby imparting a plowing effect of the plate in the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: December 15, 1992
    Inventor: Denis P. Hugron
  • Patent number: 5123779
    Abstract: A ground anchor comprises an anchor plate (1) which is to be driven edge first into the ground. A flexible anchor strap or web (4) is attached to the plate, and the plate has a tail flap (7) which provides a fulcrum about which the buried anchor plate can pivot. Apparatus (5) are provided on the anchor whereby it can be driven into the ground with rotation about a generally horizontal axis. Once it is buried the strap (4) can be used to increase the rotation of the plate and thus give the plate maximum resistance to withdrawal from the ground.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 23, 1992
    Assignee: Seamark Systems Limited
    Inventor: Keith E. J. Miller
  • Patent number: 5122014
    Abstract: A beach anchoring device for easy and reliable installation and fast removal of the stick-like objects, mainly beach umbrellas, on sand/soft ground beaches. Also might be used to anchor fishing rods, tents, canopy posts and other post-supported structures mainly on beaches. The device includes a tubular pole 1 with centering projection 6 and slightly twisted propeller-like blandes 5, and a handle 2, that fits the holes 7 in the pole 1. The pole might be screwed in the sand by the handle inserted in the holes 7. When installed in the sand, the handle is removed from the holes and an umbrella is inserted into the pole together with the handle which locks the umbrella stick in it. The sand that partly fills the pole is compacted by the umbrella stick and, interacting with the bottom end portions of the pole provides reliable anchorage. To remove the device, it should be screwed out of the sand.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 1991
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Inventor: German S. Genfan
  • Patent number: 5104264
    Abstract: Apparatus for driving anchors in the ground by gas pressure which includes on a frame to be maintained stationary relative to the ground, a mechanism for firing and combustion of a pyrotechnical composition, and for launching an anchor. The apparatus including an acoustic shield for gas expansion which is slidingly mounted on a recoil ramp so as to balance the impulse transmitted to the anchor by the force of gravity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 1990
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Inventors: Bernard Castagner, Claude Waitzenegger
  • Patent number: 5104265
    Abstract: A socket and method for anchoring a sign post in the ground securely without requiring the sign post to be drivingly impacted. The socket has a hollow cavity having a cross sectional configuration substantially the same as that of the post, the cavity terminating at a ledge. The ledge is an edge of a portion of a leader inserted into one end of the socket and having the remainder of the leader extending from that one end. The socket is driven into the ground by inserting a driving rod into the cavity and impacting the driving rod against the ledge formed by the leader until the socket is driven to the desired depth in the ground. The driving rod is then withdrawn and the sign post is inserted into the socket and secured to it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: April 14, 1992
    Inventor: Charles F. Halloran, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5096333
    Abstract: A method of repairing foundations utilizes precast concrete cylinders which are sequentially driven into the soil and connected by tubular connectors to prevent deflection of the column which forms an underground pier. The tubular connectors maintain the cylindrical members in straight alignment during and after the driving operation and prevent shifting as a result of changing soil conditions. The present method relies upon the skin friction of the precast concrete pier with the soil for its strength. The precast concrete pier may be further strengthened by using hollow cylinders in forming the pier and adding concrete or mud pumped into its center and into the surrounding soil. The soil surrounding the precast concrete pier may be further stabilized and strengthened by pumping a lime, concrete, or mud slurry through the column into the soil surrounding the pile at critical areas where soil shrinkage and shifting often occurs.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 1990
    Date of Patent: March 17, 1992
    Assignee: Jeanne Bassett
    Inventor: Max Bassett
  • Patent number: 5085281
    Abstract: A conventional stake member having an annular post mount joined to the upper end of the stake to form a socket for receiving the lower end portion of a right angular extension of the elongated mounting member of a slide hammer. A right angle hammer member has a lower terminal edge for forming a mating fit with the top edge of the stake when the extension extends into the socket and a pin removable attaches the stake to the hammer member and extension. The upper end portion of the rod which forms part of the mounting member mounts an anvil having a top surface and a bottom surface to be selectively struck by a slide member for the selective one of pulling the stake and driving the stake into the ground, the slide member being reciprocal relative to the mounting member. The anvil is located within the slide member. The lower end portion of the rod is welded to the apex of the extension.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: February 4, 1992
    Inventor: Patrick H. Selly
  • Patent number: 5040924
    Abstract: A concealable anchor which can be buried or cemented in the ground such that the top end thereof is flush with ground level, wherein the anchor has an elongated tubular pipe which is open on both its top and bottom ends, and an attachment chain fixedly connected at one end to the exterior surface of the bottom end portion of the tubular pipe. The chain extends through the opening in the bottom end of the tubular pipe into the inner confines thereof. The other end of the chain is connected to a removable end cap which seats upon and covers the open top end of the tubular pipe. The attachment chain is of sufficient length such that it may be pulled outwardly from within the pipe through the open top end thereof for attachment of an object thereto, when desired. The attachment chain is constructed such that it may also retract into smaller compass for storage within the tubular pipe when the anchor is not in use.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 20, 1991
    Inventor: Sheldon B. Kothman
  • Patent number: 5039256
    Abstract: A pinned foundation system with resiliency under certain loading conditions and requiring minimum excavation, having a cast footing in combination with a plurality of sleeves through which piles may be driven into the soil to create the necessary bearing, uplift and lateral forces to support a structure. The sleeves are retained in fixed position relative to the footing, at predetermined angles corresponding to the specific structure loading characteristics desired for the ensuing foundation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: August 13, 1991
    Inventor: Richard Gagliano
  • Patent number: 4979341
    Abstract: An earth anchor (1) comprises a hub body (3) having a base plate (7). A shank (19) extends downwardly from a bottom surface (21) of the plate. The shank has a beveled lower edge (23) forming a tip (25) for penetrating the ground. A hub (9) extends upwardly from an upper surface (11) of the plate and non-drivingly engages the drive tool. A quadrilaterally formed circumferential side wall (17) extends upwardly from the outer margine of the plate. The side wall is spaced radially outwardly of the hub and forms a sleeve in which a portion of the drive tool is received. The base plate, hub, shank, and side wall are all integrally formed, preferably through forging or casting, forming a hub body of uniform strength, less subject to stress forces, and relatively tight dimensional tolerances. A blade (5) is attachable externally to the hub body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 1989
    Date of Patent: December 25, 1990
    Assignee: Dixie Electrical Manufacturing Co.
    Inventors: Richard M. Norman, Stanley C. Garton, Edward Dziedzic
  • Patent number: 4973197
    Abstract: A silo or like structure (16) adapted to be driven end first into the ground comprising an elongate body, wherein the body is enlarged at one end thereof, wherein the enlarged portion carries a cutter (28) directed axially away from the body so as to form an outsize hole for the body when the structure (16) is driven in, wherein ducts (210, 211, 212) are provided for conveying a fluid from a fluid source to the outside of the body behind the enlarged portion, and wherein the structure (16) includes a flexible sleeve (214) attached to the enlarged portion and adapted to cover the body in spaced relationship therefrom, the ducts (210, 211, 212) opening into the annular space defined between the body and the sleeve (214) when the sleeve (214) is in its covering position.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 1989
    Date of Patent: November 27, 1990
    Assignee: LME Petroscope Limited
    Inventors: David S. Dallimer, Giles M. Nixon
  • Patent number: 4948301
    Abstract: A device for injecting grout around a tubular pile driven into the ground. The tubular pile has a given diameter and is formed by a tubular wall of a given wall thickness defining the inside and outside of the tubular pile. A grout feed channel capable of being driven into the ground with the tubular pile is disposed inside the tubular wall having a diameter which is small relative to the diameter of the tubular pile. A check valve is connected to the grout feed channel at a position along the tubular wall and extends through the thickness of the tubular wall so as to communicate from the grout feed channel through the outside of the tubular wall. An injection device is inserted in the grout feed channel having one plug which is fitted in the grout feed channel and located above the check valve so as to inject grout under pressure through the injection device and the check valve to the outside of the tubular wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 1989
    Date of Patent: August 14, 1990
    Assignee: Soletanche
    Inventors: Jean-Paul Geffriaud, Herve Barthelemy
  • Patent number: 4906141
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method of anchoring a prefabricated pile into the ground as well as a pile for carrying out this method. The prefabricated pile (P) comprises essentially at its lower portion a recess (1) containing a bladder (2) connected to a source of material under pressure through the agency of a pile-line (3) extending along the axis of the pile, so that, when the bladder (2) is inflated, a radial deformation of the lower portion of the pile is provided to thus supply the latter with a base. The pile according to this invention is useful for any kind of works and presents an increased strength against tensile and compressive stresses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 6, 1990
    Assignee: Companie Internationale des Pieux Armes Frankinoul
    Inventor: Rainer Massarsch
  • Patent number: 4889451
    Abstract: A pile assembly for supporting a structure after being driven into a soil stratum comprises a pile body having a hollow interior. Two or more slots extend through the pile body. A steel plate is retained within each slot by returning bars. When driven into the ground, a mandrel is inserted into the pile body and used to push downwardly an inverted pyramidally shaped actuator which, in turn, forces the steel plates outwardly into the soil stratum, deforming the retainer bars which exert an upward pressure on the plates to maintain the plates against the upper edge of the slot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1989
    Inventor: Johan H. Simanjuntak
  • Patent number: 4875808
    Abstract: A seismic anchor has a head for location in a hole in ground-connected structure and a shaft connected thereto to extend out of the hole and mount members or equipment to be isolated from vibrations. The head is surrounded by vibration damping means, such as a high durometer rubber or rubber-like material. A covering extends along the shaft to the damping means. Solidified bonding agent in the hole, above the head and the vibration damping means, secures the anchor in place while the sleeve prevents the bonding agent hardening to the shaft and preventing relative vibration between the ground-connected structure and the shaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 14, 1988
    Date of Patent: October 24, 1989
    Inventor: Roger C. Kellison
  • Patent number: 4834582
    Abstract: Several underpinning arrangements are described. In each, a concrete pile is cast in a hole formed adjacent to the structure to be underpinned. The hole is formed from at or near ground level and is vertical or at an angle close to the vertical. At least one supporting limb is also formed. This extends from the pile hole and engages the structure. When the pile is cast in the pile hole, the pile and supporting limb are made to form a unitary element so that forces exerted on the supporting limb by the structures are transmitted to and borne by the pile. Various configurations of supporting limb are described, as are various arrangements for ensuring that the supporting limb is retained in a position in which it supports the structure. A drilling assembly for use in the method is also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 1987
    Date of Patent: May 30, 1989
    Assignee: Roger Bullivant of Texas, Inc.
    Inventor: Roger A. Bullivant
  • Patent number: 4813816
    Abstract: A pile assembly for supporting a structure after being driven into a soil stratum comprises a pile body having a hollow interior. Two or more slots extend through the pile body at two or more different elevations. A steel plate is positioned within each slot. When driven into the ground, a mandrel is inserted into the pile body and used to push an actuator downwardly which, in turn, forces the steel plates outwardly into the soil stratum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1987
    Date of Patent: March 21, 1989
    Inventor: Johan H. Simanjuntak
  • Patent number: 4773793
    Abstract: A light weight pile having increased load bearing capacity for being embed in the ocean floor. Two cones are welded together at their base. An opening of about one third the diameter of the base is made in the apex of each of the cones to provide an opening for a hollow pile to pass through. The double cone is attached to the pile so that it can be water jetted into the ocean floor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 1987
    Date of Patent: September 27, 1988
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Navy
    Inventors: Marshall A. Paige, Robert E. Van Olst
  • Patent number: 4768900
    Abstract: A piling structure or ground anchor comprising at least one piling member portion adapted to be driven into the ground or inserted into a pre-bored hole therein (31); a spreading mandrel member (34,40) adapted to be passed into the structure or ground anchor so as to expand the piling member (31) portion laterally into the ground; and holding means (45) for holding the piling member portion in its expanded disposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 1988
    Date of Patent: September 6, 1988
    Inventor: John B. Burland
  • Patent number: 4761098
    Abstract: A ground- or soil anchor is prepared and placed in the ground by drilling a bore hole at the chosen site by means of a drilling assembly which comprises an elongated tubular member which serves as drive shaft for the drill, which latter has tapering rear end and is designed to be pulled into the said tubular member, the leading end of which is split so that the parts thereof-on the drill being pulled into it-are spread apart and are eventually embedded in grout inserted into the bore hole.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 1987
    Date of Patent: August 2, 1988
    Inventor: Itshaq Lipsker
  • Patent number: 4756129
    Abstract: A ground anchor has an auger fluke defined by a lower leading and upper trailing beveled cutting edges, the shape of the edges being at a non-radial or oblique angle, the disc being vertically separated in the shape of a helix and attached to an axial anchor rod. The rod is set in the ground with a socket tool that is coaxially positioned over the rod. The tool includes a helical slot engagable with the helix of the anchor fluke to rotate the anchor into the ground, to pull test the anchor, and in one embodiment capable to reverse rotate the socket tool for its removal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 1982
    Date of Patent: July 12, 1988
    Inventor: Brian C. Webb
  • Patent number: 4733994
    Abstract: A pile element is disclosed for supporting a structure after being driven into a soil stratum. The pile element includes a pile body defining an exterior surface of the pile. At least one plate is adapted to be retained substantially within the pile body during driving of the pile. The at least one plate is caused to protrude sideways from the pile body upon completion of driving of the pile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 1986
    Date of Patent: March 29, 1988
    Inventor: Johan H. Simanjuntak
  • Patent number: 4661021
    Abstract: An expansion body for constructions like piles or anchorages located in the earth is adapted for insertion into the ground in a compact shape and expanded therein to an expanded shape. The expansion is achieved by unfolding a folded metallic casing (11) by filling it up with pressurized fluid. Each end of the elongated body is sealed by a closure comprising a socket (16, 17) with a sleeve (18, 19) encircling the near end part of the casing and a bottom plate (20, 21) with spacing means (22, 23) projecting into the inside of the casing. The sleeve (18, 19) and spacing means (22, 23) define an annular space (26, 27) in which the end parts (14, 15) are kept in a folded position when the body is expanded.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 1986
    Date of Patent: April 28, 1987
    Assignee: Atlas Copco Actiebolag
    Inventors: Bengt P. O. Granstrom, Bo T. Skogberg
  • Patent number: RE35133
    Abstract: A socket and method for anchoring a sign post in the ground securely without requiring the sign post to be drivingly impacted. The socket has a hollow cavity having a cross sectional configuration substantially the same as that of the post, the cavity terminating at a ledge. The ledge is an edge of a portion of a leader inserted into one end of the socket and having the remainder of the leader extending from that one end. The socket is driven into the ground by inserting a driving rod into the cavity and impacting the driving rod against the ledge formed by the leader until the socket is driven to the desired depth in the ground. The driving rod is then withdrawn and the sign post is inserted into the socket and secured to it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 1994
    Date of Patent: December 26, 1995
    Assignee: Sign Post Products, Inc.
    Inventor: Charles F. Halloran, Jr.