Plural Teeth Spaced About A Helix Patents (Class 407/59)
  • Patent number: 10722956
    Abstract: An end mill includes an end mill body having a bar-shape extending along a rotation axis and including a first end and a second end, a side surface, a first end cutting edge, a second end cutting edge, a first peripheral cutting edge extending from the first end cutting edge, and a second peripheral cutting edge extending from the second end cutting edge. In which, L2 is smaller than L1, where L1 is a distance from the rotation axis to the first peripheral cutting edge, and L2 is a distance from the rotation axis to the second peripheral cutting edge in a cross section orthogonal to the rotation axis. And ?2 is greater than ?1, where ?1 is a rake angle of the first peripheral cutting edge, and ?2 is a rake angle of the second peripheral cutting edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2020
    Assignee: KYOCERA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Yuusaku Takatake
  • Patent number: 10272505
    Abstract: A tool for machining a stacked material workpiece includes a tool body having one or more helical flutes extending to a forward end of the tool body. Each helical flute has a width defined by a first cutting edge and a second edge, a surface of the flute adjacent the first cutting edge facing the forward end of the tool body and a surface of the flute adjacent the second edge facing away from the forward end of the tool body. Each helical flute can include a first portion having a first negative pitch angle and a second portion having a second negative pitch angle different from the first negative pitch angle, the first portion extending from the forward end of the tool body to the second portion. The tool has only negative pitch angles. A method for machining a stacked material is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: April 30, 2019
    Assignee: SECO TOOLS AB
    Inventor: Jeroen Huijs
  • Patent number: 9707628
    Abstract: Even if chips enter a gap between a flank face and a surface to be worked, the defect of the flank face or a cutting edge is suppressed by the control of the flow of the chips. A plurality of cutting edges, which are undulated in wave forms in a direction of an axis, are formed on an outer periphery of a front end portion of an end mill body rotating about the axis so that phases of the wave forms are displaced from each other in a path of rotation about the axis; flank faces of the cutting edges are covered with a coating film; and rough surface regions and smooth surface regions are alternately formed on the surface of at least portions of the coating film, which are close to the cutting edges, in the direction of the axis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasushi Ota, Genki Matsumoto, Koji Fukata
  • Patent number: 9452479
    Abstract: A face cutter for machining fiber-reinforced materials such as carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics, glass-fiber-reinforced plastics or plastics reinforced with polyester threads is provided which includes main flutes which form with trailing premachining lands cutting wedges with premachining cutting edges, and auxiliary flutes, the number of which corresponds to a number of the main flutes, each trail one of the main flutes in the peripheral sense, each distance in the peripheral sense a postmachining land from the premachining land leading in the peripheral sense, and form with the postmachining land a cutting wedge with a postmachining cutting edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 27, 2016
    Assignee: Hufschmied Zerspanungssysteme GmbH
    Inventor: Ralph Hufschmied
  • Patent number: 9440296
    Abstract: A face cutter for machining fiber-reinforced materials such as carbon-fiber-reinforced plastics, glass-fiber-reinforced plastics or plastics reinforced with polyester threads is provided which includes main flutes, which form with trailing premachining lands a cutting wedges with premachining cutting edges, and auxiliary flutes, the number of which corresponds to a number of the main flutes, each trail one of the main flutes in the peripheral sense, each distance in the peripheral sense a postmachining land from the pre-machining land leading in the peripheral sense, and form with the postmachining land a cutting wedge with a postmachining cutting edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 10, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2016
    Assignee: Hufschmied Zerspanungssysteme GmbH
    Inventor: Ralph Hufschmied
  • Patent number: 8974155
    Abstract: The invention relates to a machining tool (14) for machining materials by removing material, in particular for wood or wood-like materials, metals, plastics and/or composite materials. The machining tool is provided to be driven in rotation about an axis of rotation (1) and comprises at least one row (17, 18, 19) of individual cutters (2, 2?) arranged in the peripheral direction and having cutting edges (3, 3?) which at least partly overlap. The cutting edges (3, 3?) have a rake angle and are located at an axial angle (?) in relation to the axis of rotation (1). The axial angle (?) lies in a range from 55° to <90° inclusive. The rake angle is >55°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Ledermann GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Martin Dressler
  • Patent number: 8690492
    Abstract: In the tip section of an end mill body, a plurality of end cutting edges are formed. In the outer peripheral section of the end mill body, a plurality of peripheral cutting edges are formed. Some of the plurality of end cutting edges are long end cutting edges. The angle which is formed by the straight line that connects the axis to a peripheral cutting edge continuous with a long end cutting edge and by the straight line that connects the axis to a peripheral cutting edge continuous with the end cutting edge positioned in forward of the long end cutting edge in the end mill rotation direction, is larger than the angle which is formed by the tangent lines at the inner ends of the long end cutting edge and the end cutting edge positioned in forward of the long end cutting edge in the end mill rotation direction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventor: Takayuki Azegami
  • Patent number: 8672579
    Abstract: Expansion joint system of a concrete slab arrangement, comprising an expansion joint reinforcement to be arranged between a first and a second concrete slab (1, 2), the expansion joint reinforcement comprising at least two local dowels (3)transferring loads perpendicular to the slab plane. The dowels comprise a dowel plate (4) and a casing part (5). The dowel plate (4) and the casing part (5) are attached to the concrete slabs on different sides of the joint. The casing part (5) prevents the dowel plate from adhering to the concrete slab and allows the dowel plate (4) to move inside the casing part and thus allows the movements of the slabs (1, 2) in the horizontal direction. The dowels (3) are installed alternately relative to the joint so that the casing parts (5) of the adjacent dowels (3) are always installed on different sides of the joint.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: Peikko Group Oy
    Inventors: Topi Laiho, Trent Davis
  • Patent number: 8613574
    Abstract: A cutting tool having an outer surface with a plurality of inserts connected to a distinct pocket extending generally radially on the outer surface. The cutting inserts are arranged in a helical array on the outer surface in a manner that at least one cutting edge of each cutting insert is spaced in an angular circumferential direction from the pocket of the next adjacent cutting insert. The spacing of the inserts is such that a distinct point on the each one of the one or more cutting edges define part of a layout line having a non-uniform slope.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: James M. Waggle, Kevin M. Gamble, Ruy Frota de Souza Filho, Karen A. Craig
  • Patent number: 8534962
    Abstract: Tool for chip removing machining, including a primary tool part and a secondary tool part. The primary tool part includes a primary connecting surface, an opposite surface, a recess that extends from the primary connecting surface toward the opposite surface, and a wall section between a bottom surface of the recess and the opposite surface. The secondary tool part includes a secondary connecting surface, a protuberance that extends from the secondary connecting surface and, in a mounted state, into the recess, the protuberance having an end surface that, in the mounted state, faces the bottom surface of the recess. A fastening element, which, by a contractive force in the mounted state, connects the wall section with the protuberance. The wall section is elastically flexible and, in the mounted state, bent toward the end surface of the protuberance by the contractive force of the fastening element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventor: Sture Sjöö
  • Patent number: 8366354
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool with a longitudinal axis includes a shank portion, a cutting portion, and a plurality of chip-breaking features. The cutting portion includes a plurality of blades and a plurality of flutes. The blades and flutes extend substantially along the length of the cutting portion and have unequally-indexed spacing. The flutes have a tapered depth along the longitudinal axis. Each blade includes a leading face, a trailing face, and a land surface that extends between the leading face and the trailing face. A plurality of chip-breaking features having a multi-radius profile are disposed in the land surfaces of the blades and are distributed in an offset chip breaker pattern among the blades such that each chip-breaking feature on one blade is not directly behind the chip-breaking features on immediately adjacent blades. The chip-breaking features on each blade are equidistant from each other.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2013
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventor: Danny Ray Davis
  • Publication number: 20130022416
    Abstract: A shank cutter has plural circumferential cutting edges which run in a helical manner in the region of its cutting section and of which at least one critical number are equipped in each case with a preferably essentially flattened roughing profile with chip-separating grooves with rounded bases, so that the chip-separating grooves of cutter ridges which are adjacent in the circumferential direction are axially offset relative to each other. To create a tool which provides long service life by combined advantages of a vibration-stabilized finishing cutter and a conventional roughing cutter, at least one circumferential cutting edge has an angle of twist which differs from that of another circumferential cutting edge. In addition, the chip-separating grooves of the circumferential cutting edges which are equipped with a roughing profile in each case merge into a preferably essentially flattened central section of the roughing profile by means of a predefined flank radius.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 27, 2012
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicant: JEORG GUEHRING
    Inventor: JEORG GUEHRING
  • Patent number: 8286536
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a milling cutter having a cutting head and a coaxial integral shank including grinding, in a first grinding operation, a plurality of helical flutes into the outer periphery of a cutter blank from a lead end using a peripheral area of a first grinding wheel generally of frusto-conical profile and rotatable about an axis generally transversely of the milling cutter axis, which peripheral area produces, simultaneously, the following three features: a leading face of a trailing tooth; a rear face on an adjacent preceding tooth; and a swarf removal gullet having divergent sides, grinding, in a second grinding operation, and using a peripheral edge of a second grinding wheel, a relief face, which extends rearwardly from a leading end of a tooth tip, resulting in a minimum tooth wedge angle of approximately 60°, and grinding, in a third grinding operation, a radius on the end of each flute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2012
    Assignee: Rolls-Royce PLC
    Inventors: Mark Kirby, Christopher P R Hill
  • Patent number: 8226334
    Abstract: A cutting tool includes a tool body having proximal and distal ends and defining a central axis. The tool body includes a shank portion and a fluted portion. The shank portion may be configured to be rotatably engageable to a milling machine. The fluted portion may include a plurality of teeth disposed about a circumference thereof and being formed at a radius relative to the central axis. In one embodiment, the teeth may be divided into first and second tooth sections with the teeth in the second tooth section being formed at a reduced radius relative to the teeth in the first tooth section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Ryan L. Hanks, Eric J. Stern, Jared L. Bolin
  • Patent number: 8100156
    Abstract: A cylindrical cutter for machining wood, wooden materials and plastics, has at least one helical cutting edge, wherein a helix angle ?s of the at least one cutting edge is in a range of 70° to close to 90°, a rake angle ?r of the at least one cutting edge between a tool orthogonal plane Po and a rake face A?—measured in a tool reference plane Pr—is at least 5°, and a wedge angle ?r between the rake face A? and a flank A?—measured in the tool reference plane Pr—is 45° to 65°.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 24, 2012
    Assignee: Ledermann GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Roland Fischer, Christian Gottlöber, Klaus Rehm, Wolfgang Butter
  • Patent number: 7980278
    Abstract: A brush cutting head having internally housed drive and bearing assemblies which can be easily attached/detached from the brush cutter housing without having to dismantle the drive assembly for improved productivity. The brush cutting head includes a hollow support body, a drive and bearing assembly housed at least partially within the hollow of the support body, a drive block mounted to extend within the hollow of the support body, and a motor provided with a torque transmitting driveshaft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2011
    Assignee: Usitech Nov Inc.
    Inventors: Etienne Labbe, Rene Boivin
  • Patent number: 7967044
    Abstract: The present invention relates generally to brush cutting heads, and more specifically, to protective guard members for cutting tooth assemblies mounted on brush cutting heads. A brush cutting head includes a support body having a first end, an opposed second end and an intermediate portion extending therebetween. The intermediate portion has an outer surface. A plurality of collars is mounted to the support body at spaced intervals along the intermediate portion with each collar extending outwardly from the outer surface. The brush cutting head further also has a plurality of cutting teeth assemblies carried on the outer surface of the support body. Each cutting tooth assembly is associated with at least one collar. Also provided is at least one guard member for protecting at least one cutting tooth of the plurality from impacts with hard objects. The at least one guard member is carried on one of the collars with at least a portion thereof projecting beyond the outermost edge of the one collar.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 28, 2011
    Assignee: Usitech Nov Inc.
    Inventors: Etienne Labbe, Rene Boivin
  • Patent number: 7810531
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a brush cutting head for a brush cutter. The brush cutter head includes a cylindrical support body that has a first end, an opposed second end and an intermediate portion extending therebetween. The intermediate portion has a curved surface that defines the circular cross-section of the cylindrical support body. A plurality of collars is mounted to the cylindrical support body at spaced intervals along the intermediate portion. Each collar extends radially from the curved surface of the cylindrical support body. Additionally, each collar cooperates with an adjacent collar to define a mounting station between the adjacent collars. The brush cutter head further includes a plurality of cutting tooth assemblies carried on the outer surface of the cylindrical support body. Each cutting tooth assembly has a cutting tooth for placement within the mounting station and a mounting assembly engageable with the adjacent collars to secure the cutting tooth in the mounting station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: October 12, 2010
    Inventor: Etienne Labbé
  • Publication number: 20100226726
    Abstract: A shank cutter has plural circumferential cutting edges which run in a helical manner in the region of its cutting section and of which at least one critical number are equipped in each case with a preferably essentially flattened roughing profile with chip-separating grooves with rounded bases, so that the chip-separating grooves of cutter ridges which are adjacent in the circumferential direction are axially offset relative to each other. To create a tool which provides long service life by combined advantages of a vibration-stabilized finishing cutter and a conventional roughing cutter, at least one circumferential cutting edge has an angle of twist which differs from that of another circumferential cutting edge. In addition, the chip-separating grooves of the circumferential cuffing edges which are equipped with a roughing profile in each case merge into a preferably essentially flattened central section of the roughing profile by means of a predefined flank radius.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2009
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Applicant: Joerg GUEHRING
    Inventor: Martin STRASMANN
  • Patent number: 7789597
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool or end mill is provided, the tool comprising a plurality of pairs of diametrically-opposed, symmetrical, helical flutes formed in a cutting portion of the tool body, wherein the pitch between at least one pair of adjacent helical flutes is less than or greater than the pitch of at least one other pair of adjacent helical flutes in at least one radial plane along the axial length of the flutes, a plurality of peripheral cutting edges, wherein at least one of the peripheral cutting edges has a radial rake angle different from radial rake angle of a peripheral cutting edge of a different helical flute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: SGS Tool Company
    Inventors: Jason S. Wells, Paul S. Daniels, Douglas P. Bonfiglio, Jeffery L. Burton
  • Publication number: 20100003089
    Abstract: This roughing insert is provided with an insert body, and a waveform cutting edge which is formed on an intersecting ridge line portion between a rake face and a flank face of the insert body, and which undulates along this intersecting ridge line portion. The waveform cutting edges are formed such that a portion thereof has a smaller wavelength than the remaining portion thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2007
    Publication date: January 7, 2010
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nobukazu Horiike, Jun Kitajima
  • Patent number: 7625156
    Abstract: A cylindrical cutter is disclosed of the type that includes a milling body rotatable around a geometrical axis having an envelope surface extending rearward from a end, in which surface a plurality of tangentially spaced flutes are formed, which separately includes a plurality of axially spaced-part insert pockets for releasably mounted cutting inserts, the active edges of which are partially overlapping each other, more precisely in imaginary, radially extending overlapping planes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventor: Göran Pantzar
  • Patent number: 7544021
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool with a longitudinal axis is provided that includes a shank portion, a cutting portion, and a plurality of chip-breaking features. The cutting portion, which extends out from the shank portion, includes a length, a plurality of blades and a plurality of flutes. The blades and flutes extend substantially all of the length of the cutting portion. Each blade includes a leading face side, a trailing face side, and a land surface that extends between the leading face side and the trailing face side. The plurality of chip-breaking features are disposed in the land surfaces of the blades, and non-uniformly distributed among the blades.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 1, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2009
    Assignee: Berkshire Precision Tool. LLC
    Inventor: Clifford M. Flynn
  • Patent number: 7399147
    Abstract: An end mill is provided with a plurality of teeth extending helically therealong, and with the teeth notched. The notches interrupt the cutting edge of the teeth at various different positions between a tip of the tooth and a root of the tooth. Various different patterns of notches are disclosed with each notch beneficially followed by a region on a following tooth which is notchless. The notches interrupt an otherwise flat cutting edge so that a smooth cut into the work piece is provided by portions of the cutting edge between the notches, and by regions on the teeth where no notches are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2008
    Inventor: Daryl C. VanDyke, Jr.
  • Patent number: 7367753
    Abstract: 12. A rotationally drivable milling cutter has a cylindrical carrier body (10), which is equipped on its circumference with a plurality of cutting bodies (12) comprising a cutting material that is harder than hard metal. The cutting bodies (12) are embodied in platelike form and are each embodied and disposed such that the leading region of the radially outer circumferential edge forms the cutting edge, the adjacent side face (15) forms the first face with a negative rake angle, and the top face (17) diametrically opposite the bottom face forms the flank. To that end, the cutting bodies (12) are each secured with their bottom face on the end face of blind bores (30), in the circumferential face thereof, that are oriented with the angle to the shortest connecting line between the center point of the end face and the center longitudinal axis of the carrier body (10) such that the side face (15) adjacent to the cutting edge forms the predetermined rake angle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Assignee: Jakob Lach GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventor: Eugen Maurer
  • Patent number: 7367754
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool has a substantially cylindrical main body and four flutes. The main body has a shank end, a cutting end formed integrally opposite the shank end, and a longitudinal axis of rotation. The four flutes include a pair of flutes comprising a first flute and a second flute formed on opposite sides of the main body, and each of the pair of flutes are symmetrical and have the same helix angle. A third flute is formed on one side of the main body between the pair of flutes, and defines a helical cutting edge having a helix angle that is different than the helix angle of the pair of flutes. A fourth flute is formed on the other side of the main body, and defines a helical cutting edge having a helix angle that is different than the helix angle of the pair of flutes and different than the helix angle of the third flute.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2008
    Inventors: Mark L. Greenwood, Kevin J. Cranker
  • Patent number: 7186063
    Abstract: A rotary multi-tooth milling cutter, each tooth having a tooth face is provided. The tooth face has at least two sections, a first section nearest the cutting edge having a convex form as viewed in a cross section perpendicular to the cutter axis and a second section in a concave form.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 6, 2007
    Assignee: Hanita Metal Works Ltd.
    Inventor: Vladimir Volokh
  • Patent number: 7090442
    Abstract: A routing tool for cutting material and an associated apparatus and method are provided. The tool includes a substantially cylindrical shaft member having a shank portion and a cutting portion. The cutting portion includes a plurality of cutting teeth disposed peripherally about a first helix and an intersecting second helix. Each cutting tooth defines a first cutting clearance on a first cutting edge and a first clearance on a first non-cutting edge. The cutting tooth defines a second cutting clearance on a second cutting edge and a second clearance on a second non-cutting edge. A flat extends on each cutting tooth resulting in a circular land on an outside diameter of the cutting portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2006
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Roger E. Ahrnkiel, Bradley A. Pense
  • Patent number: 6991409
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool that includes an elongated tool body, rotatable along a longitudinal axis of rotation is disclosed. It has a fluted cutting end on one end and a shank end on the opposite end of the tool body. The fluted cutting end includes a nose, a periphery and an end surface that extends from the nose to the periphery. A plurality of axial flutes extends from the end surface to the fluted cutting end and combines with a plurality of cutting edges. The cutting edges are unequally spaced along the circumference of the end surface lying in a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of rotation. In addition, all cutting edges are of a different helix from one another and the cutting edge geometries vary from one another to create a different sound pattern. This reduces resonant harmonic vibrations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: January 31, 2006
    Assignee: Niagara Cutter
    Inventor: Dennis L. Noland
  • Patent number: 6435780
    Abstract: An improved end milling tool effective to reduce forces produced in ramp cutting comprises a plurality of end cutting edges, and a plurality of side cutting edges, each end cutting edge lying parallel to a radius of the tool tip and intersecting a side cutting edge at the periphery of the tool tip, and each end cutting edge comprising a peripheral end edge portion and an interior edge portion, the peripheral end edge portion sloping relatively shallowly from the tip periphery towards the shank portion of the tool, and the interior edge portion sloping relatively steeply from the peripheral edge portion towards the shank portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2002
    Assignee: Talbot Holdings Ltd.
    Inventor: Clifford M. Flynn
  • Publication number: 20010018011
    Abstract: A rotary multi-tooth milling cutter, each tooth having a tooth face is provided. The tooth face has at least two sections, a first section nearest the cutting edge having a convex form as viewed in a cross section perpendicular to the cutter axis and a second section in a concave form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 1999
    Publication date: August 30, 2001
    Inventor: VLADIMIR VOLOKH
  • Patent number: 6164876
    Abstract: A cutting tool having a body that is cylindrical in shape having a shank at one end and a cutting end opposite thereof. The cutting end has an even number of flutes thereon with every other flute being a cutting flute, such as a knuckle flute including a radial knuckle flute and a flat crested knuckle flute, or a diamond cut flute that cuts material. Every other flute therebetween the cutting flutes are wiper flutes that wipe or clean the cut material. The wiper flutes have a larger diameter than the cutting flutes thereby enabling the wiper flutes to remove any unnecessary debris and finish the material in a single step.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1999
    Date of Patent: December 26, 2000
    Assignee: Tungsten Industries, Inc
    Inventor: James S. Cordovano
  • Patent number: 6065905
    Abstract: A rotary cutting tool such as an endmill includes a coating on its radial relief surfaces for enhancing damping of vibratory motion of the tool at speeds which permit the relief surfaces to rub on the workpiece being machined. The coating has a hardness substantially less than that of the remainder of the tool. In a preferred embodiment, the tool is made of tungsten carbide, steel, or ceremet, and the coating is aluminum or an alloy thereof, having a thickness of about 0.0015 inch for tools with cutting diameters of about 1/4 inch to about 1 inch.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 23, 2000
    Assignee: McDonnell Douglas Corporation
    Inventor: John D. Kinton
  • Patent number: 6056485
    Abstract: A ramp, plunge and feed milling cutter having a cylindrical body with cutting ribs protruding beyond the length of the cylindrical body to define a cavity. The integral single-piece construction of the milling cutter permits the fabrication of small diameter plunge milling cutters having sufficient strength in the cutting rib adjacent the cavity to withstand the forces of a machining operation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 1998
    Date of Patent: May 2, 2000
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: William C. Magill, Gary D. Baldwin
  • Patent number: 5947649
    Abstract: First and second tips 4A and 4B are disposed on the outer periphery of the forward end of an end mill body 1 in a manner such that the tips 4A and 4B are displaced from each other about the periphery of the end mill body 1. The rotation loci of edges of the first and second tips 4A and 4B around the axis O of the end mill body 1 are mutually overlapped. The edge of the first tip 4A protrudes slightly farther toward the forward end of the end mill than the edge of the second tip 4B. Further, third tips 4C are disposed adjacent to the base end of the second tip 4B in such a manner that no gap is formed between the rotation locus of the edge of the third tip 4C located most adjacent to the forward end of the end mill body and the rotation locus of the rear end of the second tip 4B. As a consequence, the second tip 4B and the third tips 4C can be spirally disposed in the rearward rotating direction of the end mill as they extend toward the base end of the end mill.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 7, 1999
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Tatsuo Arai, Takayoshi Saito, Norio Aso
  • Patent number: 5944456
    Abstract: A three dimensional mill capable of plunging, ramping, circle interpolating and other milling processes while providing a finished surface not in need of finish grinding. The milling cutter includes cutting inserts of a modified design including flats separating rounded corners of a two radius design. Each insert also includes a rail that is secured to the milling cutter along a longitudinal surface that is radial to the axis of the milling cutter at any cross sectional plane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: Ralph D. Shirley, Gary D. Baldwin, Kay E. Kucharik, William C. Magill, Alfred R. Augustine, Robert A. Acero, William R. Shaffer
  • Patent number: 5913644
    Abstract: A multiple fluted helical end mill with at least two flutes. Each flute includes a plurality of inserts secured therein. The inserts are all identical. The inserts in different flutes being secured therein at different rake angles. The different rake angles resulting in different effective axial lengths of the inserts. This different effective length of inserts in adjacent flutes results in all effective cutting and it is particularly beneficial where the inserts in a given flute do not have overlapping cutting edges.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 20, 1998
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: Kenneth G. DeRoche, Mark A. Francis
  • Patent number: 5908269
    Abstract: A cutting tool for machining a work piece to form a turbine rotor having a longitudinal axis includes a plurality of curved splines extending from a back of the tool to a front of the tool. Each spline is curved so that it is not parallel to a plane perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the tool. Preferably, each spline is curved in a helical shape in the axial direction. Disposed along each spline are a plurality of cutting teeth. Each tooth has a cutting face that is helical in shape. Due to this helical shape of the cutting face of each tooth, a positive radial rake angle is formed for each tooth and a positive axial rake angle is formed for each tooth. These positive rake angles enhance the characteristics of the cutting process. The top of each tooth is also curved to form radial relief for each tooth. Furthermore, each tooth disposed axially forward of another tooth along a spline has a radial height that is less than the other tooth to provide cutting relief in the axial direction for each tooth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 1, 1999
    Assignee: Siemens Westinghouse Power Corporation
    Inventor: Jimmy Arthur Cox
  • Patent number: 5904449
    Abstract: A cutting tool including a toolholder for releasably receiving a plurality of quadrilateral cutting inserts in which adjacent cutting inserts are partially nested for their greater compaction and whereby their operative cutting edges overlap so as to present an effectively continuous cutting edge. The cutting inserts each having upper and lower surfaces, a side surface associated with a cutting edge and a pair of opposite side surfaces directed transversely thereto, the insert having an upper and base insert edges defined by the respective intersections of the upper and lower surfaces and a first of the opposite side surfaces, at least one of the surfaces associated with the insert base edge having a recessed portion of varying depth relative to the upper insert edge along imaginary lines parallel to the major cutting edge in a bottom view of the cutting insert, the depth being maximal remote from the major cutting edge.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 18, 1999
    Assignee: Iscar Ltd.
    Inventors: Amir Satran, Yuri Men
  • Patent number: 5893400
    Abstract: An improved debarking apparatus, which includes a substantially, cylindrically shaped debarker head having a plurality of cutting blades to form its out peripheral surface, the debarker head mounted on a central shaft so that it may rotate freely on the shaft during the debarking process. In a first embodiment, the improved assembly would incorporate a pair of depth control bearing collars, mountable on an existing pillow block bearing, the bearing collar incorporating an adjustable shoe which includes an arcuate lower surface for making contact with the bark of the log that is being debarked, so as to select the precise depth of cut into the bark by the cutting blades of the debarker head.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 1997
    Date of Patent: April 13, 1999
    Inventor: Tyler Harvey
  • Patent number: 5882150
    Abstract: A indexable end mill of the present invention comprises a helical flute formed in the outer periphery of a shank as inclined at a required angle with respect to the axis of the shank, a plurality of indexable inserts attached to places in the helical flute rearwardly with respect to the axis of the rotated shank as spaced at required intervals along the helical flute, and recesses defined in the outer periphery of the shank as interposed between the indexable inserts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Dijet Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Sinji Furuta, Hirofumi Ueno
  • Patent number: 5636948
    Abstract: A drill for fiber-filled synthetic plastics has an axially extending body with helical grooves spiraling from a drill point toward a shank end. The grooves define helical lands between them having helical land machining edges. At the point axially tapering land and groove point surfaces converge and land point surfaces with machining edges are radiused to merge gradually with the land surfaces rearward of them. The land machining edges are configured with a negative rake. A plurality of cross notches on the lands extending over an axially extending region of the lands from substantially the axially tapering land point surfaces a predetermined distance toward the shank end are configured to create fiber-snipping crosswise helical cutting edges with a positive rake facing the point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 1995
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: Fullerton Tool Company, Inc.
    Inventor: William G. Rexius
  • Patent number: 5425603
    Abstract: The invention relates to a shell end mill with a holder (12), a two-piece cylindrical cutting section (10) releasably secured to the holder (12), at least two helical chip grooves (18) at a circumferential distance apart in the cutting section (10), a set of substantially radial base support surfaces (22) arranged one behind the other along a chip groove side and a insert seat (20) with radially limiting side support surfaces on the groove base side to take indexable inserts (24) in an arrangement of axially overlapping pairs. The inner tips (24) arranged behind the outermost frontal indexable inserts (24') are axially clamped to the insert seats without abutment. In particular, the frontally inoperative cut (42) of the inner indexable inserts (24) engages without abutment in a back-cut (46) in the adjacent insert seat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1995
    Assignee: SPANTEC-Werkzeugtechnik GmbH
    Inventors: Bernd Dutschke, Wolfgang Seibel
  • Patent number: 5226760
    Abstract: The invention relates to a cutting tool having twisted edge in a blade part, having a sintered compact with higher hardness and higher wear resistance than a base sintered body buried and affixed along the twisted edge, and its manufacturing method. The blade part of the cutting tool comprises the base sintered body having a twisted groove in the position of forming the twisted edge on the outer circumference, and the sintered compact of high harndess and high wear resistance applied and buried in the twisted groove and affixed to the base sintered body by sintering, and the twisted edge is formed on the sintered compact of high hardness and high wear resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1993
    Assignee: GN Tool Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takayuki Nishimura
  • Patent number: 5193944
    Abstract: A nicked cutting tool enables high speed cutting in cutting process of advanced materials such as compound materials. The nicked cutting tool has a cylindrical main body with one end forming a cutting part and the other end a shank part to be mounted on a rotary driving means, and its base body is of cemented carbide. The cutting part comprises an even number of spiral twisted grooves formed on the circumferential face, lands formed between the twisted grooves, cutting edges along one edge of each land which are of sinter of high hardness nad high wear resistance and fitted and unified by sintering to the base body, plural nicks disposed on the lands and sharp outer edges formed between the nicks on the lands.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 1992
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1993
    Assignee: GN Tool Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Takayuki Nishimura
  • Patent number: 5168907
    Abstract: A Rosser type debarker head has a plurality of rounded, indexable cutting teeth spaced in patterns of repeated rows running axially the length of the cylindrical surface, each tooth being spaced along the cylindrical surface so that the total cutting pattern produced by a single rotation of the head creates a uniform round toothed scalloped effect. Each tooth is shadowed by adjacent offset teeth so that only the portion of the round tooth outside of a cord representing essentially one-sixth of the circumference of the tooth is exposed to direct cutting impact. The remainder of the round tooth is shadowed by adjacent cutter teeth. As a result, the debarker head produces a uniform scalloped cut, producing a shallow, smooth cut upon the log with limited splintering, while reducing the impact on the teeth so that tooth life is significantly extended.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1991
    Date of Patent: December 8, 1992
    Inventors: Byron Herrington, Tyler Harvey
  • Patent number: 5122134
    Abstract: The cutting head for a surgical reamer has a leading end for insertion into a bone canal and a trailing end for attachment to a drive shaft. The cutting head has a cutting surface formed about an axis of rotation of the cutting head. The cutting surface is formed by the rotation of the cutting edges on a plurality of flutes spaced around the axis of rotation. Each cutting edge has a first portion spaced a predetermined radial distance from the axis of rotation at the tip portion and terminates at a terminating point which is at a greater radial distance from the axis of rotation than the starting point. The cutting edge on each flute has a second portion having a starting point at the trailing end of the cutting head which is at a second predetermined radial distance from the axis of rotation. The second portion extends axially towards the tip portion and terminates at a point at a greater radial distance from the axis of rotation than the starting point thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 1990
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1992
    Assignee: Pfizer Hospital Products Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Rocco R. Borzone, Frank B. Gray
  • Patent number: 5094573
    Abstract: A cutting tool and method for cutting multidirectional cuts in a workpiece. The cutting tool has a body portion having a generally cylindrical outer wall and inner periphery. A plurality of cutting teeth are spaced circumferentially around the lower end and a plurality of flutes extend upwardly around the outer periphery from the lower end. The cutting teeth include a plurality of generally radially extending cutting edges positioned about the face of the cutting tool, a plurality of inside diameter cutting edges formed at the line of intersection of the radially extending cutting edges and the inner periphery of the cylindrical wall, and a plurality of outside diameter cutting edges formed at the line of intersection of the radially extending cutting edges and the outer periphery of the cylindrical wall.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 21, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 10, 1992
    Inventor: Everett D. Hougen
  • Patent number: 5083887
    Abstract: A helical cutting tool having a plurality of cutting inserts of quadrilateral configuration removably attached to seats formed in the cutting tool, with each insert including a cutting edge extending in the axial direction bounded on opposite sides by a pair of parallel, radially-extending edges. The cutting inserts are disposed in a helical array in which the cutting edge of each insert is spaced in the circumferential direction from the seat of the next adjacent insert and is in overlapping relationship in the axial direction with the cutting edge of the next adjacent insert, and in which the radially-extending edges of each insert are in overlapping relation with the radially-extending edges of the adjacent inserts, such that the cutting edges of all the inserts define a continuous, non-interrupted, cutting line of stepped configuration.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 1988
    Date of Patent: January 28, 1992
    Assignee: Abraham Cohen
    Inventor: Amram Dotany
  • Patent number: 4990035
    Abstract: A cutting tool for machining printed circuit boards and the like includes a cutting part having an longitudinal axis of rotation, an outer surface, and a plurality of staggered teeth formed on the outer surface. The cutting part has a first predetermined number of main cutting grooves formed in the outer surface and which extend along the cutting part at a first lead angle, as well as a second predetermined number of divider grooves intersecting the main cutting grooves. The divider grooves extend along the cutting part at a second lead angle. The main cutting grooves and the divider grooves define teeth. The first predetermined number is a prime number and the second predetermined number is greater than the first predetermined number by two, such that the teeth are staggered as viewed in a radial direction which is perpendicular to the longitudinal axis and such that each of the teeth partially overlaps in the radial direction at least another one of the teeth.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 1989
    Date of Patent: February 5, 1991
    Assignee: Hawera Prazisionswerkzeuge GmbH
    Inventors: Anton Scheuch, Johann Schmidt