Float Supported Or Buoyant Runner Patents (Class 415/7)
  • Patent number: 10422311
    Abstract: A hydroelectricity generating unit capturing marine current energy includes a floating hull, at least one paddle wheel assembly, at least one generator assembly, a torque transmission system, and an anti-drift mooring system. The at least one paddle wheel assembly is rotatably mounted to the floating hull and operatively coupled with the at least one generator assembly by the torque transmission system, wherein a kinetic energy of the at least one paddle wheel assembly is transferred to the at least one generator assembly by the torque transmission system to generate hydroelectricity. The torque transmission system can be a hydraulic system, a pulley system, a multiple gearbox system, or a direct driveshaft. The floating hull is tensionably coupled to a subsurface environment by the anti-drift mooring system, enabling the least one paddle wheel assembly to capture water current.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Inventor: Donald Hollis Gehring
  • Patent number: 10422313
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a system for producing energy via use of gravity. The system is for generating energy, and in particular electrical energy, by utilizing the abundant force of gravity that exists and then integrating such a force into a system design of energy power generation by converting the force of gravity into potential energy then into kinetic energy and from kinetic energy back into potential energy again, by using the system's autonomous methodology of fluid recycling to produce electric power generation in the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2018
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2019
    Assignee: Karousos LLC
    Inventor: John A. Karousos
  • Patent number: 10385821
    Abstract: A water power plant for the generation of electric current from includes a housing around which a flowing medium passes on an outer side, a stator of an electric generator and a rotor of the generator, which is rotatably mounted relative to the stator. The rotor includes a rotor ring with an annular surface and an arrangement of inwardly extending turbine blades, thereby defining a free-standing axis of rotation. The housing defines an inlet portion with a first front-side cutting edge which delimits a circular inlet opening, from which extends an inlet-side guide surface to the rotor, and an outlet portion with an outlet opening, between which a flow path passing the rotor ring can be formed. It is provided that the inlet opening has a free inlet cross-section which is maximally as large as a cross-sectional area delimited by the rotor ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2019
    Inventor: Kurt Stähle
  • Patent number: 10253759
    Abstract: This disclosure provides an apparatus, system and method for an energy capturing pod (ECP). The ECP includes a specialized funnel shell, a first turbine, and a second turbine. The specialized funnel shell is designed to accelerate in coming wind speed and is structured with a first choke point and a second choke point for wind. The first turbine is located at the first choke point. The second turbine is located at the second choke point.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Inventor: Tarek O. Souryal
  • Patent number: 10174739
    Abstract: A device for extracting energy from flowing fluid is provided. First and second buoyant lateral side members are provided. A fluid turbine is disposed between and below the lateral side members. At least one support extends from each side member to the turbine. At least one adjustable length support connects to the first and second side members, the at least one adjustable length support being adjustable between a minimum length and a maximum length. When a length of the adjustable length support adjusts toward the minimum length the first and second side members move closer together to thereby lower the turbine relative to the lateral side members. When the length of the at least one adjustable length support adjusts toward the maximum length the first and second side members move away from each other to thereby raise the turbine relative to the lateral side members.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: January 8, 2019
    Assignee: NATURAL POWER CONCEPTS, INC.
    Inventor: John Pitre
  • Patent number: 9976540
    Abstract: A floating wind turbine structure comprising: a rotor carrying at least one blade, at least two support arms supporting a nacelle, said at least two support arms comprising upper and lower portions, said upper portions being associated with the nacelle and said lower portions being associated with means in the shape of floats, at least one support arm located upstream from the rotor relative to the wind direction, at least one support arm located downstream from the rotor relative to the wind direction, characterized in that the rotor is provided with a hollow shaft arranged to rotate about the nacelle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2018
    Inventor: Marc Guyot
  • Patent number: 9777711
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of reducing oscillations in an offshore wind turbine comprising one or more thrusters, the method comprising determining an oscillation of the offshore wind turbine and operating the one or more thrusters such that the oscillation is reduced. The invention further relates to an offshore wind turbine comprising one or more underwater thrusters, oscillation determination system for determining an oscillation of the wind turbine and a control system for operating the underwater thrusters in response to signals received from the oscillation determination system.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 24, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: ALSTOM Renewable Technologies
    Inventor: Michele Rossetti
  • Patent number: 9709029
    Abstract: A downwind morphing rotor that exhibits bending loads that will be reduced by aligning the rotor blades with the composite forces. This reduces the net loads on the blades which therefore allow for a reduced blade mass for a given maximum stress. Also provided is a pre-aligned configuration rotor whereby the rotor geometry and orientation does not change with wind speed, and instead is fixed at a constant downwind deflection consistent with alignment at or near the rated wind speed conditions. Also provided is a twist morphing rotor where the airfoil-shapes around the spars twist relative to the wind due to aerodynamic forces so as to unload the rotors when there is a gust. This can help reduce unsteady stresses on the blade and therefore may allow for reduced blade mass and cost. The twist morphing rotor may be combined with either downwind morphing rotor or pre-alignment rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 20, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2017
    Assignee: University of Virginia Patent Foundation
    Inventors: Eric Loth, Michael Selig
  • Patent number: 9574550
    Abstract: A support structure for mooring a vertically extending floating wind turbine or the like body has a ring of tether attachment points for connecting respective tethers running down to the seabed. The ring is spaced from the body by a ring of inclined struts running diagonally downwardly and inwardly from the plane of the attachment points.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Inventor: Alexander John Fyfe
  • Patent number: 9322386
    Abstract: A hydro blade turbine system preferably includes a housing, a current divider, a plurality of collapsible pockets, a pair of idler gears, a pair of drive gears, a pair of chains, an idler shaft and a drive shaft. Each one of the plurality of collapsible pockets include a first plate, a second plate, a hinge member, a pocket liner and a bobber. The plurality of collapsible pockets are pivotally engaged with the pair of chains. A first embodiment of the hydro blade turbine is located inside a chamber or a boiler. If a boiler is used, a lower end of the hydro blade turbine is located above a steam generation area of the boiler. A second embodiment of the hydro blade turbine uses ignited natural gas to propel the plurality of collapsible pockets. A third embodiment of the hydro blade turbine uses steam to propel the plurality of collapsible pockets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 26, 2016
    Inventor: Jason Kirsch
  • Patent number: 9234492
    Abstract: A method of testing a hydroelectric turbine before the turbine is installed and secured on the seabed, in order to ensure that the turbine is operating as expected, the method involving securing the turbine to a vessel and displacing the vessel through water in order to effect rotation while monitoring one or more operating parameters of the turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 12, 2016
    Assignee: Openhydro IP Limited
    Inventors: Paul Dunne, James Ives
  • Patent number: 9222456
    Abstract: A device for conversion of energy of a wave of water comprises a front (11) and a back (12) opposite the front (11), a top (13) and a bottom (14) opposite the top (13), an inlet chamber (15) which has a partition (16), an inlet valve (17) at the front (11) between the top (13) and the partition (16) and an inlet chamber vent (18), wherein the inlet valve (17) allows flow of water in one direction into the inlet chamber (15). An outlet chamber (19) has an outlet valve (20) between the partition (16) and the bottom (14), and an outlet chamber vent (21) positioned between the partition (16) and the top (13), adapted to maintain atmosperic pressure of air in the outlet chamber (19), wherein the outlet valve (20) allows flow of water in one direction out of the outlet chamber (19).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2015
    Assignee: Hann-Ocean Energy Pte Ltd.
    Inventor: Lei Han
  • Patent number: 9039334
    Abstract: A pipe of an apparatus has a first gas in a first space and a second gas in a second space. The first gas is in the amount to generate a buoyancy force that exceeds at least a gravity force to position the apparatus in a stationary state at a predetermined distance relative to a reference surface. A fixture is coupled to the apparatus to secure the apparatus in the stationary state relative to the ground without supporting the apparatus. The first gas is lighter than the second gas. The pipe is capable of creating a flow of the second gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Inventor: Sergey Nikolayevich Ermilov
  • Publication number: 20150115613
    Abstract: A flowing-water driveable turbine assembly (104) for location in river or sea areas with unidirectional and bidirectional water flows. The turbine assembly comprises a turbine support (106) with positive buoyancy in water. The turbine support (106) is arranged to be anchored by an anchoring system (108) to a water bed. The turbine assembly comprises at least one turbine (110). The positive buoyancy of the turbine assembly in water has an upward force to constrain the turbine support 106 and the at least one turbine (110) to a position of floating equilibrium against a downward force of the anchoring system (108). The turbine assembly may have variable buoyancy, a duct around each turbine for directing water through the turbine to generate power from water flow, and a winch or winches for submerging the turbine assembly or parts thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 14, 2012
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Applicant: SUSTAINABLE MARINE ENERGY LIMITED
    Inventor: Jason Hayman
  • Patent number: 8956103
    Abstract: A hydroelectricity generating unit capturing marine wave energy and marine current energy is completed with a buoyant floating frame, a plurality of electric generating pontoons, and a floating frame mooring system. The buoyant floating frame is positioned underneath water and connected with a seabed by the floating frame mooring system and connected with the plurality of electric generating pontoons by a plurality of pontoon mooring systems. The buoyant floating frame includes marine current electric generating units which are rotatably connected within the buoyant floating frame and utilize the marine current energy to produce electricity. The plurality of electric generating pontoons also produces additional electricity by the flowing marine wave energy and marine current energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Inventor: Donald H. Gehring
  • Publication number: 20140377052
    Abstract: A wave power plant for extracting energy from the wave movement of a water surface area, which wave power plant comprises a frame construction (1), in which at least two rotors (3, 3a) are journalled, and wherein each rotor (3, 3a) is suspended in the frame construction (1) to the effect that the water mill wheel (3) is able to rotate about a shaft which is, in the normal use position of the wave power plant, essentially horizontal and is retained in the frame construction (1), and wherein means are provided for maintaining each of the rotors (3, 3a) partially immersed into a water surface area. The wave power plant is floating and comprises at least two non-parallel rotor shafts on which at least one rotor (3, 3a) is arranged on each rotor shaft.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2014
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventor: Tommy Larsen
  • Publication number: 20140321973
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydroelectric turbine system comprising a base mounted turbine for location on the seabed or the like, in order to generate electricity from the tidal flow of water through the turbine, the system incorporating a load bank, for example in the form of an array of resistive windings, to which the turbine can be selectively electrically connected in order to dissipate the electrical power as heat into the passing water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: October 30, 2014
    Applicant: OPENHYDRO IP LIMITED
    Inventors: James Ives, Paul Dunne, Simon Cawthorne
  • Publication number: 20140308111
    Abstract: A free stream fluid kinetic energy conversion device combines a large diameter freewheeling primary rotor with small diameter secondary power takeoff rotors placed within the lift induced blade tip vortices of the primary rotor. This enables use of high rotational speed generating units and avoids diseconomy of scale in gearbox expense. The device partially recovers otherwise lost blade tip vortex energy. The freewheeling primary rotor transmits no reaction torque to the support structure. Resilient buoyant tether deployment accommodates transient eddy induced structural loads.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 10, 2013
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventor: John Hincks Duke
  • Publication number: 20140265335
    Abstract: An electrical generation system. A floating vessel is anchored in flowing water. Inlets in the hull of the vessel capture flowing water and direct the water to one or more turbines. The system is designed so that all flows are two-dimensional to the extent possible. The latter feature greatly simplifies both design and construction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Inventor: Bruno Peter Andreis
  • Patent number: 8833070
    Abstract: A hydro-pneumatic cylinder for converting buoyancy energy of compressed gas into mechanical energy. The cylinder can include a pair of end plates disposed at opposite ends of the cylinder and a drive axle extending longitudinally through the cylinder and passing through the center of each end plate. The cylinder can also include a core support coupled to each end plate and centrally disposed in the cylinder and a plurality of vanes for promoting a low-drag flow. Each of the plurality of vanes is coupled to the core support and the pair of end plates. A bucket is defined by the core support, two of the plurality of vanes, and the pair of end plates. The cylinder further includes a vane support coupled to the plurality of vanes and the core support. The vane support defines a plurality of openings formed therein through which a gas can pass for equalizing pressure in the bucket.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Gravitair Rights, Inc.
    Inventors: Gavin P. Wilson, Michael J. Wilson, Conner C. Wilson
  • Patent number: 8814515
    Abstract: A floating turbine, including a vertical substantially fixed structure such as a pile or cable, a hydroelectric turbine, a connecting piece between the turbine and the structure that is operative to enable vertical motion of the turbine on the surface of the water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Inventor: Daniel Farb
  • Patent number: 8794904
    Abstract: A water wheel impeller blade type electric power generating apparatus with which, on the forward motion side, the hydraulic pressure applied to the impeller blade is reduces, and the mud, sand, dirt, and the like will not be collected into the water wheel. The impeller blade is rotatably disposed on the rotor, and has a stopper part and a fluid receiving part extending from this stopper part and being longer than the stopper part, the fluid receiving part being provided with a length large enough that when the impeller blade is thrust down the fluid receiving part covers the stopper part of an adjacent impeller blade. To a top plate constituting a frame body of the apparatus, a fluid guide plate inclined inward being fixed for guiding the fluid to the impeller blades positioned under the rotating shaft of the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Japan System Planning Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Katsuyuki Kumano
  • Publication number: 20140147248
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a natural energy extraction apparatus comprising a vertical rotating shaft and a float for supporting the vertical rotating shaft, wherein the internal structure of the float is simpler, the float and a mooring apparatus are more compact, and production cost is lower than in the conventional natural energy extraction apparatus. A natural energy extraction apparatus comprises a first float forming a swingable vertical rotating shaft, a second float moored to surround the first float, and a power transmission device attached to the second float to convert rotational kinetic energy of the first float to driving torque for driven equipment, and the natural energy extraction apparatus is installed on a body of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 29, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: ALBATROSS TECHNOLOGY LLC
    Inventor: Hiromichi Akimoto
  • Publication number: 20140140812
    Abstract: Certain vertical-axis wind and water turbine blades suffer from drag that reduces the turbine's torque and turbine-generated power. Significant drag is generated when the blade is turning upstream on the return side of the turbine. This invention is a blade system that reduces upstream (return) side drag to almost nothing by enabling the turbine blade to tilt or swivel to eliminate almost all fluid resistance to the blade on the upstream side. The result is much increased turbine efficiency, increased torque and power from vertical-axis wind or water turbines. The increased power resulting from this innovative turbine blade system enables the use of gearboxes to increase the RPM of vertical axis turbines for electricity generation, and also enables easier self-starting. Easier to manufacture turbine blades use linear approximations for the curved sections of modified Savonius blade profile.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 28, 2014
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Inventor: Paul M. Swamdass
  • Publication number: 20140102088
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a natural energy extraction apparatus which can extract kinetic energies of river water currents or tidal water currents at various depth layers, and which is easy to attach to the fixed structure above water current. A natural energy extraction apparatus comprises a float, a vertical-axis water turbine fixed to the float and extending downward, a power transmission device engaging an upper end of the float and converting rotational kinetic energy of the float to driving torque for driven equipment, and arm members supporting the power transmission device rotatably around a horizontal axis at one ends and supported by a fixed structure above a water current rotatably around a horizontal axis at the other ends, wherein the float and the vertical-axis water turbine are located in a river water current or tidal water current.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 2, 2012
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicant: ALBATROSS TECHNOLOGY LLC
    Inventor: Hiromichi Akimoto
  • Publication number: 20140079531
    Abstract: Disclosed is a motor which uses a hydrostatic force to generate a torque which repeats cyclically owing to a displacement of the center of gravity of a cyclic unit. Float bodies (116) are subjected to a buoyant force in a fluid (134), which buoyant force causes an upward movement (146) of the float bodies and drives these into an upper position. The upward movement drives a drive element. The upward movement furthermore causes air to be forced from upper segments (102a, 102d) of a deformable element (100) into lower segments (102b, 102c), and as a result the center of gravity of the cyclic units which comprise the float bodies (116) and the deformable element (100) is raised above an axis of rotation (106). When the float bodies (116) have passed into the upper position thereof, said elevated center of gravity position permits a rotation of the cyclic units into the initial position thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventor: Majid Rahmanifar
  • Patent number: 8668434
    Abstract: A system comprises an apparatus, an actuator and a processor. The apparatus defines a flow path through an aperture, the aperture defines a pressure drop along the flow path, and the actuator regulates fluid flow across the pressure drop. The processor comprises a flow module, a comparator, an estimator and a control law. The flow module maps a flow curve relating a flow parameter to a pressure ratio, and defines a solution point located on the flow curve and a focus point located off the flow curve. The comparator generates an error as a function of a slope defined between the focus and solution points. The estimator moves the solution point along the flow curve, such that the error is minimized. The control law directs the actuator to position the control element, such that the flow parameter describes the fluid flow and the pressure ratio describes the pressure drop.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventors: Boris Karpman, Richard P. Meisner, Sheryl H. Roadinger
  • Patent number: 8668452
    Abstract: The invention relates to an device for production of energy from currents in water, comprising a first element (10), a second element (20) and a plurality of turbine modules (750) connected to the first element. The second element is mounted on the first element in an approximately perpendicular relationship, the first element is adapted for submersion below a water surface, and an upper part of the second element projects up above the water surface when the plant is in production. The invention also relates to an anchoring device for a floating plant (10, 20), comprising mooring lines (24a, 24b) which are connected at one of their respective ends to the plant and which are connected at their respective second ends to buoys (50, 52), where the mooring lines (24a, 24b) extend substantially horizontally between the plant and the respective buoys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 11, 2014
    Assignee: Hydra Tidal Energy Technology AS
    Inventor: Svein Dag Henriksen
  • Patent number: 8651798
    Abstract: A kinetic hydropower generation system has a turbine and a generator coupled to the turbine. An underwater intake nozzle assembly is fluidly coupled to the turbine. For one embodiment, an underwater tower nozzle may be fluidly coupled between the turbine and the underwater intake nozzle assembly. The underwater intake nozzle assembly may include a collector and a converging nozzle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Sheer Wind, Inc.
    Inventor: Daryoush Allaei
  • Publication number: 20140044521
    Abstract: A multipurpose rotary device includes a rotor configured to include a plurality of blades in a circumferential direction; and a load guide body configured to guide a flow of fluids flowing into the inside of the rotor, wherein the load guide body includes an upper support member and a lower support member configured to be disposed to face each other at the upper and lower sides thereof and connected to one another such that the rotor is rotatably installed; load guide plates configured to correspond to the blades and are rotatably installed between the upper and lower support members in a longitudinal direction; and stop pins configured to be formed on inner surfaces facing the upper and lower support members to control a rotational angle of the load guide plates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 16, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Inventor: Myung-soon Bae
  • Patent number: 8646267
    Abstract: An underwater air or gas powered apparatus utilizes the buoyant force of water to generate power in the form of work or electricity. Air bags are spaced circumferentially around the perimeter of a rotary member immersed in water and are alternately inflated and deflated in a sequence enabling buoyant forces to rotate the rotary member. A generator is coupled to the rotary member for generating power in response to rotation of the rotary member.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Inventor: Edward A. Pedziwiatr
  • Patent number: 8639377
    Abstract: Methods of determining thickness and phase of a GST layer on a semiconductor substrate are described using intensity spectra within the infra-red range. In particular, techniques for using certain transmission at certain frequencies are disclosed for faster thickness and phase determination in an in-line or standalone metrology/monitoring system for CMP processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 28, 2014
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Kun Xu, Feng Q Liu, Yuchun Wang, Abraham Ravid, Wen-Chiang Tu
  • Publication number: 20130320678
    Abstract: A Barrage apparatus is a method and device for extracting energy from flowing fluids in an open flow by means of a submerged barrage or barrages that obstruct and channel flows at increased velocities to downstream turbine power take off modules. Increasing the velocity of the flow increases the amount of power available for extraction thereby providing opportunities to extract energy from low flow sites and facilitate the use of low cost small marine turbines to provide an ecologically sound, efficient and cost effective method of renewable energy extraction from fluid flows.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 19, 2011
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Inventor: Peter John Kittel
  • Patent number: 8579576
    Abstract: A support system for at least one water drivable turbine (1) that when in operation is immersed in a column of flowing water, characterized in that the system includes a deck or raft (3) for supporting said at least one turbine when immersed, the deck or raft (3) having an inherent buoyancy which is such as to enable the deck or raft (3) to rise through the column of water upon reduction of the buoyancy, the arrangement being such that the associated turbine or turbines (1) can be raised above the surface of said column in order to access the turbine for maintenance purposes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Marine Current Turbines Limited
    Inventor: Peter L. Fraenkel
  • Patent number: 8500321
    Abstract: A collapsible water circulation system for relatively small, enclosed tanks such as used by municipalities, fire districts, and industries. The system in its collapsed configuration is designed to fit through the often small access opening in the tank and then to automatically expand to its extended operating configuration, all without the need for any personnel to enter the tank. The system includes a draft tube extending downwardly from a distribution dish to an inlet anchored on the floor of the tank. The system also includes at least three, elongated flotation arms that can be deployed to extend substantially horizontally and outwardly of the dish. An impeller within the dish is operated to draw water up from the anchored inlet through the draft tube to the dish. The water subsequently passes upwardly through the dish over its upper lip and substantially radially outwardly of it.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Medora Environmental, Inc.
    Inventors: Corey M. Simnioniw, Gary A. Kudrna, Willard R. Tormaschy, Jonathan L. Zent, Joel J. Bleth
  • Patent number: 8475113
    Abstract: A hydroelectric power device equipped with a casing member that has a channel that passes through from an opening on the water entry side towards an opening on the water discharge side, a rotor having a plurality of blades that are integrally fixed respective to the rotating shaft and are disposed inside the channel of the casing member, and a tapered portion, that is provided on the opening on the water entry side of the casing, and that is formed such that the cross-sectional area of the tapered portion is gradually decreased towards the downstream side.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Seabell International Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Yuji Unno
  • Patent number: 8471399
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a floating wind power apparatus with a floating unit and at least three rotors supported in rotor housings, placed on separate towers with a longitudinal central axis. The towers are attached in the floating unit and the rotor housing, and the floating unit may yaw to direct the rotors in relation to the wind. At least one rotor is a downwind rotor, and at least one rotor is an upwind rotor. The towers are placed at an inclined angle in relation to the rotors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Windsea AS
    Inventor: Marc Lefranc
  • Patent number: 8453443
    Abstract: An engine for converting thermal energy to kinetic energy is provided. The engine includes a body of fluid having a first zone and a second zone, a thermal energy source thermally connected to the first zone for providing thermal energy thereto, and a thermal energy sink thermally connected to the second zone for removing thermal energy therefrom such that the first zone has a temperature greater than the second zone. The engine further includes a movable loop, which extends between the first zone and the second zone, and a plurality of containers which are positioned in the body of fluid and attached to the loop such that the loop and the containers move conjointly between the first zone and the second zone. Each of the containers expands to a first volume when it is in one of the first and second zones, and contracts to a second volume when it is in the other one of the first and second zones.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Inventor: Seong Woong Kim
  • Patent number: 8393850
    Abstract: A wind turbine has an impeller surrounded by a turbine shroud and/or an ejector shroud, wherein the turbine shroud and/or the ejector shroud include inflatable portions and/or flexible inflatable portions. In some embodiments, the turbine shroud and/or the ejector shroud include internal rib members whose shape or length can be changed to alter the characteristics of the wind turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 12, 2013
    Assignee: FloDesign Wind Turbine Corp.
    Inventors: Michael J. Werle, William Scott Keeley, Thomas J. Kennedy, III, Walter M. Presz, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8379252
    Abstract: An information processing apparatus configured to generate a print job to execute bookbinding printing is provided. The information processing apparatus includes an identifying unit configured to identify a position of a pre-printed sheet where a page to be arranged on a background image of the pre-printed sheet is printed at the time of execution of the bookbinding printing, a selecting unit configured to select the pre-printed sheet to be used in the bookbinding printing from a plurality of different pre-printed sheets set in the printer so that data indicating content of the page to be arranged on the background image of the pre-printed sheet is printed at the position identified by the identifying unit, and a generating unit configured to generate the print job so that the printer prints the data using the pre-printed sheet selected by the selecting unit.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2013
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventor: Kinya Honda
  • Patent number: 8310078
    Abstract: A tangential turbine is adapted for receiving kinetic energy from a flowing fluid and comprises a supporting shroud, a rotating runner having a hub and a plurality of radial blades spaced apart on the hub, and a means for controlling the receiving. In first embodiment the controlling means comprises a plurality of springs each connected with its ends turningly about a connecting axis being between and within the hub and the blade and between limit stops to the hub and fixedly to the blade turnable about the axis to a non-working tangential position. In second embodiment the controlling means comprises the shroud shaped into a caisson and provided with turnable aprons and capable of accommodating the runner in the air and controlling the insertion of the blades into the flow below the shroud.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Inventors: Vladimir Anatol Shreider, Natalia Shreider
  • Patent number: 8308422
    Abstract: In a hydroelectric turbine having a rotor disposed within a stator housing, the rotor having an annular outer rim received by a channel in the stator housing, the improvement comprising a buoyant rotor, the rotor preferably having buoyancy chambers disposed within the rotor. The buoyancy chambers may be disposed within the annular outer rim, the blades or an annular inner rim, or combinations thereof. Preferably, the buoyancy chambers are filled with a material having a specific gravity of one or less, and most preferably the filler material is a polymer foam that adds rigidity to the rotor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2007
    Date of Patent: November 13, 2012
    Assignee: OpenHydro Group Limited
    Inventor: Herbert Williams
  • Publication number: 20120257955
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a single moored offshore marine turbine assembly having a central control vessel which includes a main vessel tethered to a control buoy. The main vessel having a first cap, a corresponding second cap and a tubular shell positioned between both the first cap and second cap. The tubular shell contains one or more vertical partitions to assist in ballasting. The control buoy includes a compressor and an air conduit which forces air into the main vessel through a manifold. A hollow suction caisson affixes the central control vessel to the ocean floor. A taut line mooring secures the suction caisson to the main vessel. Electricity is generated via a turbine shroud assembly having a conical shroud and a hydro-turbine. By attaching a plurality of turbine shroud assemblies in series via cables, a horizontal turbine array is formed resulting in a simple, economical and safe layout.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 11, 2012
    Inventor: Thomas Rooney
  • Patent number: 8272831
    Abstract: A power generating apparatus suitable for use in extracting energy from the movement of water, in particular tidal movement, is disclosed. The apparatus includes an elongate, generally circular in cross section, buoyancy vessel (1), having depending from its underside on a mounting means, rotatable rotor blades (2). The rotor blades are connected to a power generating means whereby in use of the apparatus movement of water across the rotor blasé, drives them so as to generate power in the power generating means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2012
    Assignee: Scotrenewables (Marine Power) Ltd.
    Inventor: Barry Johnston
  • Publication number: 20120230811
    Abstract: The invention comprised a vertical-axis rotor system features a large flywheel assembly having a rim assembly 73, stationary drive assemblies 74, wind vane members 58, sail members 98 all powers the rotor to speed of 20 rpm; a vertical-axis spindle member 66 secured by means at least on floor 61 of the enclosure system such as a building 50; said flywheel comprises plurality of lateral lever members 69 spoke members 71 respectively attached laterally to spindle member 66 and suspended respectively by stay member 70, 72 into a state of equilibrium against gravity; plurality of generator set members 76 are provided mounted to said floors each with respective drive means connected to said spindle—unitary into a generation system with features to produced large-scale cost effective and reliable renewable electricity, environmentally friendly, unitary modular, easily upgradable and buildable closer to the end consumers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 13, 2010
    Publication date: September 13, 2012
    Inventor: Carmelito B. Tianchon
  • Patent number: 8226292
    Abstract: A submersible, circulation system for small and shallow bodies of water such as a small pond. The system includes a driving unit with a tubular shell member and a base member and has a submersed motor and pump supported therein. The shell member extends along and about a vertical axis and has upper and lower openings with the base member spaced below and extending across the lower opening to create inlets therebetween. The pump draws water horizontally through the inlets into the unit where a relatively small first portion of the incoming water enters the pump and is driven downwardly and out upwardly directed discharge nozzles. The discharged flow passes through the remaining portion of the incoming flow to induce the larger, remaining portion to move upwardly with it toward the pond surface in a non-turbulent manner to raise the pond surface into a slightly convex mound.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 28, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: Medora Environmental, Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas P. Walter, Willard R. Tormaschy, Joel J. Bleth, Corey M. Simnioniw, Allan V. Tuhy, Gary A. Kudrna, Jonathan L. Zent
  • Patent number: 8206113
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and apparatus for gradually converting marine wave energy into electricity. The energy reserve provided by wind power holds enough energy for the needs of the entire mankind. The invention provides an efficient means of putting this energy reserve to practical use. Mounted on a rotating power shaft is a pair of form parts, the convex and concave shape, especially the round-pointed open V-shape of which reverses its orientation by 180 degrees, i.e. turns from convex to concave, whenever the power shaft makes a rotation of 180 degrees. The circular motion of water occurring in a wave drives such a turbine effectively while the wave dies out. The pair of convex and concave form parts extends helically around the power shaft, whereby water currents in all directions, which come to contact with the pair of form parts, produce a rotative moment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 26, 2012
    Inventors: Seppo Ryynänen, Mikko Ryynänen
  • Patent number: 8197208
    Abstract: A floating underwater support structure is disclosed. The underwater support structure includes a joint capable of rotation and angular movement along two or three axes coupled to a truss. The truss is capable of sustaining loads in tension, compression, and bending, and comprises one or more elongate, rigid members. The elongate, rigid members are capable of sustaining loads in at least tension and compression. A buoyant member positioned between or around the members of the truss at a predetermined distance below the water provides a buoyant force that typically exceeds the weight of the entire structure. In deeper water, cross bracing may be provided between the members of the truss, and in particularly deep water, a single tendon may connect between the joint, typically anchored to the floor of the body of water, and the truss. The support structure may be used to support wind turbines and other structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Assignee: Clear Path Energy, LLC
    Inventors: William G. Sharples, Christopher H. Tracy
  • Patent number: 8197180
    Abstract: The specification and drawings describe machines and methods that transform the kinetic energy of moving bodies of fluid into useful work. Specifically, embodiments of the invention may be used to generate electricity. In preferred embodiments a buoyant or semi-buoyant propeller assembly interfaces with a flowing body of water to capture power for electricity generation or any other work project.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 12, 2012
    Inventor: Dickie L. Lamp
  • Patent number: 8177480
    Abstract: The invention provides a system for producing electricity from the channel, river, ocean or tidal water currents and wind. Each system module contains a vertical axis fluid driven turbine positioned in a protecting housing. The turbine employs a plurality of rotating paddles with mutually perpendicularly oriented asymmetric blades that are non-rotatably fixed by their leading edges to the poles at both ends. The high efficiency of the turbine comes from creating maximum drug force by vertically oriented blades on the power generating side and practically zero frictional force produced by blades on the resting side of the turbine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2006
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Inventor: Edouard Petrounevitch