Single Carbide Patents (Class 419/17)
  • Patent number: 10202310
    Abstract: A carbon composite comprises: at least two carbon microstructures; and a binding phase disposed between the at least two carbon microstructures; wherein the binding phase includes a binder comprising one or more of the following SiO2; Si; B; B2O3; a metal; or an alloy of the metal, and the metal is at least one of aluminum; copper; titanium; nickel; tungsten; chromium; iron; manganese; zirconium; hafnium; vanadium; niobium; molybdenum; tin; bismuth; antimony; lead; cadmium; or selenium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 12, 2019
    Assignee: BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPANY, LLC
    Inventors: Zhiyue Xu, Lei Zhao
  • Patent number: 10184165
    Abstract: A high strength and high toughness magnesium alloy, characterized in that it is a plastically worked product produced by a method comprising preparing a magnesium alloy cast product containing a atomic % of Zn, b atomic % of Y, a and b satisfying the following formulae (1) to (3), and the balance amount of Mg, subjecting the magnesium alloy cast product to a plastic working to form a preliminary plastically worked product, and subjecting the preliminary plastically worked product to a heat treatment, and it has a hcp structure magnesium phase and a long period stacking structure phase at an ordinary temperature; (1) 0.5?a<5.0 (2) 0.5<b<5.0 (3) ?a???b.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2019
    Inventors: Yoshihito Kawamura, Michiaki Yamasaki
  • Patent number: 9861797
    Abstract: In at least one embodiment of the present invention a balloon catheter is provided. The balloon catheter comprises a shaft having a lumen formed therethrough. Connected to the shaft is an inflatable balloon. The inflatable balloon has a balloon wall defining a balloon interior surface and a balloon exterior surface that is opposite the interior surface. In fluid communication with the balloon wall is the lumen for inflating the balloon to define an inflated state and for collapsing the balloon to define a deflated state. The balloon wall is textured in the deflated state such that the balloon interior surface is spatially registered with the balloon exterior surface. The balloon in the inflated state is tensioned to have a surface roughness substantially less than a surface roughness of the balloon in the deflated state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 26, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 9, 2018
    Assignee: COOK MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIES LLC
    Inventors: David G. Burton, Thomas Lysgaard, Steen Aggerholm, Scott E. Boatman
  • Patent number: 9676060
    Abstract: A method for treating a Cu thin sheet is provided. The method comprises the steps of: supplying a slurry in which a diffusion bonding aid (DBA), such as Ni powder, and a reinforcing material (RM), such as a carbide base metal compound, are dispersed in a solvent to a predetermined portion on a Cu or Cu base alloy thin sheet, drying the supplied slurry, and applying a laser to induce melting, solidification, and fixation, so as to form a buildup layer. In the method, the weight ratio of DBA to RM is specified to be 80:20 to 50:50, and the median diameters D50 of both DBA and RM employed fall within 0.1 to 100 ?m, the median diameter D50 of DBA is larger than the median diameter D50 of RM, and both the distribution ratio D90/D10 of DBA and the distribution ratio D90/D10 of RM are 4.0 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Naokuni Muramatsu, Shoju Aoshima
  • Publication number: 20150004044
    Abstract: An alloy and method of forming the alloy are provided. The alloy includes a matrix phase, and a multimodally distributed population of particulate phases dispersed within the matrix. The matrix includes iron and chromium, and the population includes a first subpopulation of particulate phases and a second subpopulation of particulate phases. The first subpopulation of particulate phases include a complex oxide, having a median size less than about 15 nm, and present in the alloy in a concentration from about 0.1 volume percent to about 5 volume percent. The second subpopulation of particulate phases have a median size in a range from about 25 nm to about 10 microns, and present in the alloy in a concentration from about 0.1 volume percent to about 15 volume percent. Further embodiments include articles, such as turbomachinery components and fasteners, for example, that include the above alloy, and methods for making the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2013
    Publication date: January 1, 2015
    Applicant: GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY
    Inventors: Laura Cerully Dial, Matthew Joseph Alinger, Richard DiDomizio
  • Patent number: 8889065
    Abstract: An improved sintered material and product. A nanometer size reinforcement powder is mixed with a micron size titanium or titanium alloy powder. After the reinforcement powder is generally uniformly dispersed, the powder mixture is compacted and sintered, causing the nano reinforcement to react with the titanium or titanium alloy, producing a composite material containing nano and micron size precipitates that are uniformly distributed throughout the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: IAP Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Bhanumathi Chelluri, Edward Arlen Knoth, Edward John Schumaker, Ryan D. Evans, James. L. Maloney, III
  • Publication number: 20140271321
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of making a cemented carbide or a cermet body comprising the steps of first forming a powder blend comprising powders forming hard constituents and metal binder. The powder blend is then subjected to a mixing operation using a non-contact mixer wherein acoustic waves achieving resonance conditions to form a mixed powder blend and then subjecting said mixed powder blend to a pressing and sintering operation. The method makes it possible to maintain the grain size, the grain size distribution and the morphology of the WC grains.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2012
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AB
    Inventors: Carl-Johan Maderud, Tommy Flygare, Michael Carpenter, Jane Smith
  • Patent number: 8834786
    Abstract: Carbide pellets including relatively small amounts of metallic binder are produced by steps of pressing, comminuting, shaping and sintering. The carbide pellets may be used as wear resistant hard facing materials that are applied to various types of tools. The carbide pellets provide improved mechanical properties such as hardness and abrasiveness while maintaining required levels of toughness and strength.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: Terry Wayne Kirk, Hongbo Tian, Xin Deng, Debangshu Banerjee, Qingjun Zheng
  • Patent number: 8795584
    Abstract: A small diameter, elongated steel article, comprising fully consolidated, prealloyed metal powder is disclosed. The consolidated metal powder has a microstructure that has a substantially uniform distribution of fine grains having a grain size of not larger than about 9 when determined in accordance with ASTM Standard Specification E 112. The microstructure of the consolidated metal powder is further characterized by having a plurality of substantially spheroidal carbides uniformly distributed throughout the consolidated metal powder that are not greater than about 6 microns in major dimension and a plurality of sulfides uniformly distributed throughout the consolidated metal powder wherein the sulfides are not greater than about 2 microns in major dimension. A process for making the elongated steel article is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: CRS Holdings, Inc.
    Inventors: Olivier Schiess, Pierre Marechal, Gregory J. Del Corso
  • Publication number: 20140170013
    Abstract: An in-situ process for making aluminum titanium carbide composite materials include the steps of mixing powdered aluminum, titanium and calcium carbonate, compacting the mixture and heating by a high frequency induction heater up to a temperature at which titanium carbide is formed at about 800° C.-1,000° C. The compact are then introduced into a tube furnace under an inert atmosphere such as argon, nitrogen, helium etc. at 1200° C. to 1350° C. for 4 to 7 hours to complete the reaction and optimize the TiC particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Publication date: June 19, 2014
    Applicant: King Saud University
    Inventor: King Saud University
  • Publication number: 20140154126
    Abstract: A multiphase composite system is made by binding hard particles, such as TiC particles, of various sizes with a mixture of titanium powder and aluminum, nickel, and titanium in a master alloy or as elemental materials to produce a composite system that has advantageous energy absorbing characteristics. The multiple phases of this composite system include an aggregate phase of hard particles bound with a matrix phase. The matrix phase has at least two phases with varying amounts of aluminum, nickel, and titanium. The matrix phase forms a bond with the hard particles and has varying degrees of hard and ductile phases. The composite system may be used alone or bonded to other materials such as bodies of titanium or ceramic in the manufacture of ballistic armor tiles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 18, 2013
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventor: Robert G. Lee
  • Publication number: 20140147327
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the development of an alloy material with significantly improved low-temperature brittleness, recrystallization brittleness, and irradiation brittleness by the introduction of a recrystallization microstructure into an alloy, particularly a tungsten material, to significantly strengthen a weak grain boundary of the recrystallization microstructure. The present invention comprises the steps of: mechanically alloying at least one species selected from a group-IVA, VA, or VIA transition metal carbide and a metallic raw material; sintering base powders obtained through the mechanically alloying step, by using a hot isostatic press; and performing plastic deformation of at least 60% on the alloy obtained through the sintering step, at a strain rate between 10?5 s?1 and 10?2 S?1 and at a temperature between 500° C. and 2,000° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2012
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: TOHOKU UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Hiroaki Kurishita, Hideo Arakawa, Satoru Matsuo
  • Publication number: 20140147221
    Abstract: A target for the deposition of mixed crystal layers with at least two different metals on a substrate by means of arc vapor deposition (arc PVD), wherein the target includes at least two different metals. To produce mixed crystal layers which are as free as possible of macroparticles (droplets) according to the invention at least the metal with the lowest melting point is present in the target in a ceramic compound, namely as a metal oxide, metal carbide, metal nitride, metal carbonitride, metal oxynitride, metal oxycarbide, metal oxycarbonitride, metal boride, metal boronitride, metal borocarbide, metal borocarbonitride, metal borooxynitride, metal borooxocarbide, metal borooxocarbonitride, metal oxoboronitride, metal silicate or mixture thereof, and at least one metal different from the metal with the lowest melting point is present in the target in elemental (metallic) form.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Publication date: May 29, 2014
    Applicant: WALTER AG
    Inventor: Veit Schier
  • Patent number: 8647561
    Abstract: Embodiments of the present invention include methods of producing a composite article. A method comprises introducing a first powdered metal grade from a feed shoe into a first portion of a cavity in a die and a second powdered metal grade from the feed shoe into a second portion of the cavity, wherein the first powder metal grade differs from the second powdered metal grade in chemical composition or particle size. Further methods are also provided. Embodiments of the present invention also comprise composite inserts for material removal operations. The composite inserts may comprise a first region and a second region, wherein the first region comprises a first composite material and the second region comprises a second composite material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: X. Daniel Fang, David J. Wills, Prakash K. Mirchandani
  • Publication number: 20140010700
    Abstract: A method for producing a high strength aluminum alloy brackets, cases, tubes, ducts, beams, spars and other parts containing L12 dispersoids from an aluminum alloy powder containing the L12 dispersoids. The powder is consolidated into a billet having a density of about 100 percent. The billet is extruded using an extrusion die shaped to produce the component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Inventor: Awadh B. Pandey
  • Publication number: 20130052075
    Abstract: A wear pad of a band saw guide exposed to wear from a moving band saw blade is produced in a powder metallurgical manner from a steel material having the following composition, in percent by weight: 0.01-2 C, 0.01-3.0 Si, 0.01-10.0 Mn, 16-33 Cr, max. 5 Ni, 0.01-5.0 (W+Mo/2), max. 9 Co, max. 0.5 S, 1.6-9.8 N, 7.5 to 14 of (V+Nb/2), wherein the contents of N and of (V+Nb/2) are balanced in relation to each other so that the contents of the elements are within a range I?, F?, G, H, I? in a coordinate system, where the content of N is the abscissa and the content of (V+Nb/2) is the ordinate, and where the coordinates for the points (in the format [x: (N, (V+Nb/2)]) are [I?: (1.6, 7.5)], [F?: (5.8, 7.5)], [G: (9.8, 14.0)], and [H: (2.6, 14.0)], max 7 of any of Ti, Zr, and Al; and a balance essentially only iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Publication date: February 28, 2013
    Inventor: Jan Boström
  • Publication number: 20120321500
    Abstract: A small diameter, elongated steel article, comprising fully consolidated, prealloyed metal powder is disclosed. The consolidated metal powder has a microstructure that has a substantially uniform distribution of fine grains having a grain size of not larger than about 9 when determined in accordance with ASTM Standard Specification E 112. The microstructure of the consolidated metal powder is further characterized by having a plurality of substantially spheroidal carbides uniformly distributed throughout the consolidated metal powder that are not greater than about 6 microns in major dimension and a plurality of sulfides uniformly distributed throughout the consolidated metal powder wherein the sulfides are not greater than about 2 microns in major dimension. A process for making the elongated steel article is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 20, 2012
    Inventors: Olivier Schiess, Pierre Marechal, Gregory J. De Corso
  • Patent number: 8329093
    Abstract: A method for preparing metal-matrix composites including cold-process isostatic compaction of previously mixed powders and hot-process uniaxial pressing of the resulting compact is disclosed. The method enables metal-matrix composites with improved properties to be obtained. A device for implementing isostatic compaction comprising a latex sheath into which the mixture of powders is poured, a perforated cylindrical container in which the latex sheath is arranged, and means for sealed insulation of the mixture of powders contained in the sheath is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2012
    Assignee: Forges de Bologne
    Inventor: Jacques Tschofen
  • Publication number: 20120276393
    Abstract: A multiphase composite system is made by binding hard particles, such as TiC particles, of various sizes with a mixture of titanium powder and aluminum, nickel, and titanium in a master alloy or as elemental materials to produce a composite system that has advantageous energy absorbing characteristics. The multiple phases of this composite system include an aggregate phase of hard particles bound with a matrix phase. The matrix phase has at least two phases with varying amounts of aluminum, nickel, and titanium. The matrix phase forms a bond with the hard particles and has varying degrees of hard and ductile phases. The composite system may be used alone or bonded to other materials such as bodies of titanium or ceramic in the manufacture of ballistic armor tiles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 9, 2012
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Inventor: Robert G. LEE
  • Publication number: 20120241670
    Abstract: The present invention provides a preparation method of a metal matrix composite. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) pulverizing a solid carbon material to a micrometer size; 2) plastic deforming a metal matrix powder and dispersing the pulverized nanometer-sized carbon material into the metal matrix powder during the plastic deformation; 3) integrating the metal/carbon nano-material composite powder obtained in step 2) by using a hot forming process; and 4) heat treating the integrated bulk material at a predetermined temperature to form a composite having a metal-carbon nanophase, a metal-carbon nanoband formed by growth of the metal-carbon nanophase, or a metal-carbon nano-network structure formed by self-coupling of the metal-carbon nanoband.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 22, 2010
    Publication date: September 27, 2012
    Applicant: Industry-Academic Cooperation Foundation, Yonsei University
    Inventors: Dong Hyun Bae, Hyun Joo Choi
  • Publication number: 20120207640
    Abstract: High strength aluminum alloys and methods for producing them. The alloys consist essentially of about 9.0 to 10.3 wt. % zinc, about 2.5 to 3.5 wt. % magnesium, about 1.5 to 3.0 wt. % copper and less than about 0.05 wt. % of any other alloying constituent. The balance consists of aluminum. These alloys are compatible with ceramic reinforcements used in metal matrix composites.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 14, 2011
    Publication date: August 16, 2012
    Applicant: Gamma Technology, LLC
    Inventor: William C. Harrigan, JR.
  • Publication number: 20120177453
    Abstract: The invention relates to hard-metal body comprising a hard-metal, the hard-metal comprising tungsten carbide grains and metal binder comprising cobalt having a concentration of tungsten dissolved therein, the body comprising a surface region adjacent a surface and a core region remote from the surface, the surface region and the core region being contiguous with each other; the mean binder fraction of the core region being greater than that of the surface region; the mean carbon concentration within the binder being higher in the surface region than in the core region; to tools comprising same and methods of making same.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Publication date: July 12, 2012
    Inventors: Igor Yuri Konyashin, Sebastian Ralf Hlawatschek, Bernd Heinrich Ries, Frank Friedrich Lachmann
  • Patent number: 8171851
    Abstract: A kinetic energy penetrator is provided comprising a consolidated body of a metal nanoparticles phase comprising metal nanoparticles and a metal carbide nanoparticles phase comprising metal carbide nanoparticles. Methods for making a kinetic energy penetrator as well as material compositions comprising a consolidated body of a metal nanoparticles phase comprising metal nanoparticles and a metal carbide nanoparticles phase comprising metal carbide nanoparticles are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2012
    Assignee: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: David R. Siddle, Christopher D. Dunn
  • Patent number: 8043555
    Abstract: An earth-boring bit has a steel body and bearing pin for rotatably supporting a cone. The cone has an exterior surface containing rows of cutting elements. The cone and cutting elements are formed of cemented tungsten carbide. The cone may be manufactured by applying pressure to a mixture of hard particles and metal alloy powder to form a billet, then machining the billet to a desired over-sized conical shaped product. Then the conical-shaped product is liquid-phase sintered to a desired density, which causes shrinking to the desired final shape.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Redd H. Smith, Trevor Burgess, Jimmy W. Eason
  • Publication number: 20110214529
    Abstract: A process for forming a remateable machined titanium powder base alloy connecting rod using a titanium alloy powder having an average particle size of about 1-20 microns, a mean aspect ratio of about 5 to 300, and a specific surface area of at least about 25 m2/g.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 12, 2011
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Inventor: Gerald Martino
  • Publication number: 20110142707
    Abstract: Methods of manufacturing rotary drill bits for drilling subterranean formations include forming a plurality of boron carbide particles into a body having a shape corresponding to at least a portion of a bit body of a rotary drill bit, infiltrating a plurality of boron carbide particles with a molten aluminum or aluminum-based material, and cooling the molten aluminum or aluminum-based material to form a solid matrix material surrounding the boron carbide particles. In additional methods, a green powder component is provided that includes a plurality of particles each comprising boron carbide and a plurality of particles each comprising aluminum or an aluminum-based alloy material. The green powder component is at least partially sintered to provide a bit body, and a shank is attached to the bit body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 7, 2011
    Publication date: June 16, 2011
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Heeman Choe, John H. Stevens, James C. Westhoff, Jimmy W. Eason, James L. Overstreet
  • Publication number: 20110091345
    Abstract: A method for producing a high strength aluminum alloy tubing containing L12 dispersoids from an aluminum alloy powder containing the L12 dispersoids. The powder is consolidated into a billet having a density of about 100 percent. The tube is formed by at least one of direct extrusion, Mannesmann process, pilgering, and rolling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 16, 2009
    Publication date: April 21, 2011
    Applicant: United Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Awadh B. Pandey
  • Publication number: 20110002804
    Abstract: The present invention includes consolidated hard materials, methods for producing them, and industrial drilling and cutting applications for them. A consolidated hard material may be produced using hard particles such as B4C or carbides or borides of W, Ti, Mo, Nb, V, Hf, Ta, Zr, and Cr in combination with an iron-based, nickel-based, nickel and iron-based, iron and cobalt-based, aluminum-based, copper-based, magnesium-based, or titanium-based alloy for a binder material. Commercially pure elements such as aluminum, copper, magnesium, titanium, iron, or nickel may also be used for the binder material. The mixture of the hard particles and the binder material may be consolidated at a temperature below the liquidus temperature of the binder material using a technique such as rapid omnidirectional compaction (ROC), the CERACON™ process, or hot isostatic pressing (HIP). After sintering, the consolidated hard material may be treated to alter its material properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2010
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: BAKER HUGHES INCORPORATED
    Inventors: Jimmy W. Eason, James C. Westhoff, Roy Carl Lueth
  • Publication number: 20100251921
    Abstract: A kinetic energy penetrator is provided comprising a consolidated body of a metal nanoparticles phase comprising metal nanoparticles and a metal carbide nanoparticles phase comprising metal carbide nanoparticles. Methods for making a kinetic energy penetrator as well as material compositions comprising a consolidated body of a metal nanoparticles phase comprising metal nanoparticles and a metal carbide nanoparticles phase comprising metal carbide nanoparticles are also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2009
    Publication date: October 7, 2010
    Applicant: Kennametal Inc.
    Inventors: David Richard Siddle, Christopher David Dunn
  • Publication number: 20100227188
    Abstract: An economic ferrous sintered multilayer roll-formed bushing, a producing method of the same and a connecting device are provided, in which a ferrous sintered sliding material layer is tightly sintered-bonded to a back metal steel, the ferrous sintered sliding material layer being intended to have low coefficient of friction, having excellent seizing resistance and abrasion resistance and providing self-lubricating property so as to prolong a lubrication interval or eliminate the necessity of lubricating. The ferrous sintered multilayer roll-formed bushing according to the present invention comprises: a back metal steel; a ferrous sintered sliding material layer sinter-bonded to the back metal steel; a diffusion layer of ferrous alloy particle formed at the vicinity of the bonding boundary between the ferrous sintered sliding material layer and the back metal steel; and a Cu alloy phase formed at the vicinity of the bonding boundary and extending in the direction of the bonding boundary.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2007
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Inventor: Takemori Takayama
  • Patent number: 7749430
    Abstract: A member for a semiconductor device of low price, capable of forming a high quality plating layer on a surface, having heat conductivity at high temperature (100° C.) of more than or equal to 180 W/m·K and toughness that will not cause breaking due to screwing, and will not cause solder breaking due to heat stress when it is bonded to other member with solder, and a production method thereof are provided. A member for a semiconductor device (1) having a coefficient of thermal expansion ranging from 6.5×10?6/K to 15×10?6/K inclusive, and heat conductivity at 100° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: A.L.M.T. Corp.
    Inventor: Akira Fukui
  • Publication number: 20100154587
    Abstract: Methods of fabricating bodies of earth-boring tools include mechanically injecting a powder mixture into a mold cavity, pressurizing the powder mixture within the mold cavity to form a green body, and sintering the green body to a desired final density to form at least a portion of a body of an earth-boring tool. For example, a green bit body may be injection molded, and the green bit body may be sintered to form at least a portion of a bit body of an earth-boring rotary drill bit. Intermediate structures formed during fabrication of an earth-boring tool include green bodies having a plurality of hard particles, a plurality of matrix particles comprising a metal matrix material, and an organic material that includes a long chain fatty acid derivative. Structures formed using the methods of fabrication are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2008
    Publication date: June 24, 2010
    Inventor: Jimmy W. Eason
  • Patent number: 7687023
    Abstract: A composite alloy that contains TiC is made using a green binder system of titanium sponge granules and a liquid phase binder system comprising titanium, nickel, and aluminum. The alloy has a mass of less than 5 grams per cubic centimeter. The alloy may be bonded to a hard substrate to provide an armor tile.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2010
    Inventor: Robert G. Lee
  • Publication number: 20100074788
    Abstract: The invention is suitable for the manufacture of flat or shaped titanium matrix composite articles having improved mechanical properties such as lightweight plates and sheets for aircraft and automotive applications, etc. The method for manufacturing TMCC is comprised of the following steps: (a) preparing a basic powdered blend containing matrix alloy or titanium powders, dispersing ceramic and/or intermetallic powders, and powders of said complex carbide- and/or silicide particles, (b) preparing the Al—V master alloy containing ?5 wt. % of iron, (c) preparing the Al—V—Fe master alloy fine powder having a particle size of ?20 ?m, (d) mixing the basic powdered blend with the master alloy powder to obtain a chemical composition of TMCC, (e) compacting the powder mixture at room temperature, (f) sintering at the temperature which provides at least partial dissolution of dispersed powders, (g) forging at 1500-2300° F., and (h) cooling.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: March 25, 2010
    Applicant: Advance Material Products Inc.(ADMA Products, Inc.)
    Inventors: Vladimir S. Moxson, Volodymyr A. Duz, Alexander E. Shapiro
  • Patent number: 7648675
    Abstract: A method of sintering a composite body characterized by a transition metal carbide phase (such as a ZrC phase) substantially evenly distributed in a second, typically refractory, transition metal (such as W) matrix at ambient pressures, including blending a first predetermined amount of first transition metal oxide powder (such as ZrO2) with a second predetermined amount of second transition metal carbide powder (such as WC powder). Next the blended powders are mixed to yield a substantially homogeneous powder mixture and a portion of the substantially homogeneous powder mixture is formed into a green body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Inventors: Shi C. Zhang, Gregory E. Hilmas, William G. Fahrenholtz
  • Publication number: 20090291011
    Abstract: A method of sintering a composite body characterized by a transition metal carbide phase (such as a ZrC phase) substantially evenly distributed in a second, typically refractory, transition metal (such as W) matrix at ambient pressures, including blending a first predetermined amount of first transition metal oxide powder (such as ZrO2) with a second predetermined amount of second transition metal carbide powder (such as WC powder). Next the blended powders are mixed to yield a substantially homogeneous powder mixture and a portion of the substantially homogeneous powder mixture is formed into a green body.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2006
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Inventors: Shi C. Zhang, Gregory E. Hilmas, William G. Fahrenholtz
  • Publication number: 20090074604
    Abstract: The disclosed is an ultra-hard composite material. The method for manufacturing the ultra-hard composite material includes mixing a metal carbide powder and a multi-element high-entropy alloy powder to form a mixture, green compacting the mixture, and sintering the mixture to form the ultra-hard composite material. The described multi-element high-entropy alloy consists of five to eleven principal elements, with every principal element occupying a 5 to 35 molar percentage of the alloy.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Publication date: March 19, 2009
    Applicant: INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH INSTITUTE
    Inventors: Chi-San CHEN, Chih-Chao YANG, Jien-Wei YEH, Chin-Te HUANG
  • Publication number: 20090041609
    Abstract: The invention relates to manufacturing the flat or shaped titanium matrix composite articles having improved mechanical properties such as lightweight plates, sheets for aircraft and automotive applications, heat-sinking lightweight electronic substrates, armor plates, etc. High-strength discontinuously-reinforced titanium metal matrix composite (TMMC) comprises (a) titanium matrix or titanium alloy as a major component, (b) ceramic and/or ?50 vol. % intermetallic hard particles dispersed in matrix, (c) complex carbide- and/or boride particles at least partially soluble in matrix at sintering or forging temperatures such as ?50 vol. % AlV2C, AlTi2Si3, AlTi6Si3, VB2, TiVSi2, TiVB4, Ti2AlC, AlCr2C, TiAlV2, V2C, VSi2, Ta3B4, NbTiB4, Al3U2C3 dispersed in matrix. Method for manufacturing these TMMC materials is disclosed. Sintered TMMC density exceeds 98% and closed discontinuous porosity allows performing hot deformation in air without encapsulating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2007
    Publication date: February 12, 2009
    Inventors: Volodymyr A. Duz, Vladimir S. Moxson, Alexander E. Shapiro
  • Patent number: 7488512
    Abstract: In a solid precursor evaporation system configured for use in a thin film deposition system, such as thermal chemical vapor deposition (TCVD), a method for preparing one or more trays of solid precursor is described. The solid precursor may be formed on a coating substrate, such as a tray, using one or more of dipping techniques, spin-on techniques, and sintering techniques.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2004
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2009
    Assignee: Tokyo Electron Limited
    Inventors: Kenji Suzuki, Emmanuel P. Guidotti, Gerrit J. Leusink, Masamichi Hara, Daisuke Kuroiwa, Sandra G. Malhotra, Fenton McFeely, Robert R. Young, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20080310989
    Abstract: A method for preparing metal-matrix composites including cold-process isostatic compaction of previously mixed powders and hot-process uniaxial pressing of the resulting compact disclosed. The method enables metal-matrix composites with improved properties to be obtained. A device for implementing isostatic compaction comprising a latex sheath into which mixture of powders is poured, a perforated cylindrical container in which the latex sheath is arranged, and means for sealed insulation of the mixture of powders contained in the sheath is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2006
    Publication date: December 18, 2008
    Applicant: FORGES DE BOLOGNE
    Inventor: Jacques Tschofen
  • Publication number: 20080128176
    Abstract: Earth-boring tools for drilling subterranean formations include a particle-matrix composite material comprising a plurality of silicon carbide particles dispersed throughout a matrix material, such as, for example, an aluminum or aluminum-based alloy. In some embodiments, the silicon carbide particles comprise an ABC—SiC material. Methods of manufacturing such tools include providing a plurality of silicon carbide particles within a matrix material. Optionally, the silicon carbide particles may comprise ABC—SiC material, and the ABC—SiC material may be toughened to increase a fracture toughness exhibited by the ABC—SiC material. In some methods, at least one of an infiltration process and a powder compaction and consolidation process may be employed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2007
    Publication date: June 5, 2008
    Inventors: Heeman Choe, John H. Stevens, James C. Westhoff, Jimmy W. Eason, James L. Overstreet
  • Patent number: 7364692
    Abstract: Metal-matrix composites with combinations of physical and mechanical properties desirable for specific applications can be obtained by varying and controlling selected parameters in the material formation processes, particularly by increasing the microstructural homogeneity of the composite, while maintaining a constant mixture ratio or volume fraction. In one embodiment of the invention, a CuSiC composite having increased thermal conductivity is obtained by closely controlling the size of the SiC particles. In another embodiment of the invention, AlSiC composites which exhibit increased ultimate tensile and yield strengths are made by closely controlling the size of SiC and Al particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2008
    Assignee: United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Jonathan E. Spowart, Benji Maruyama, Daniel B. Miracle
  • Patent number: 7211218
    Abstract: Polycrystalline diamond (PCD) carbide composites of this invention have a microstructure comprising a plurality of granules formed from PCD, polycrystalline cubic boron nitride, or mixture thereof, that are distributed within a substantially continuous second matrix region that substantially surrounds the granules and that is formed from a cermet material. In an example embodiment, the granules are polycrystalline diamond and the cermet material is cemented tungsten carbide. PCD carbide composites of this invention display improved properties of fracture toughness and chipping resistance, without substantially compromising wear resistance, when compared to conventional pure PCD materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 1, 2007
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventors: Zhigang Fang, Anthony Griffo, Brian A. White, Stewart Middlemiss, Ron K. Eyre
  • Patent number: 6974558
    Abstract: To provide a substrate material made of an aluminum/silicon carbide composite alloy which has a thermal conductivity of 100 W/m×K or higher and a thermal expansion coefficient of 20×10?6/° C. or lower and is lightweight and compositionally homogeneous. A substrate material made of an aluminum/silicon carbide composite ally which comprises Al—SiC alloy composition parts and non alloy composition part and dispersed therein from 10 to 70% by weight silicon carbide particles, and in which the fluctuations of silicon carbide concentration in the Al—SiC alloy composition parts therein are within 1% by weight. The substrate material is produced by sintering a compact of an aluminum/silicon carbide starting powder at a temperature not lower than 600° C. in a non-oxidizing atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2005
    Assignee: Sumotomo Electric Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Shinichi Yamagata, Yugaku Abe, Makoto Imamura, Akira Fukui, Yoshishige Takano, Takatoshi Takikawa, Yoshiyuki Hirose
  • Patent number: 6972109
    Abstract: Metal-matrix composites with combinations of physical and mechanical properties desirable for specific applications can be obtained by varying and controlling selected parameters in the material formation processes, particularly by increasing the microstructural homogeneity of the composite, while maintaining a constant mixture ratio or volume fraction. In one embodiment of the invention, a CuSiC composite having increased thermal conductivity is obtained by closely controlling the size of the SiC particles. In another embodiment of the invention, AlSiC composites which exhibit increased ultimate tensile and yield strengths are made by closely controlling the size of SiC and Al particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Air Force
    Inventors: Jonathan E. Spowart, Benji Maruyama, Daniel B. Miracle
  • Patent number: 6899844
    Abstract: A method of producing a fine TiC particle-dispersing type Al—Sn based aluminum alloy includes the steps of: preparing either Al mother-alloy or metallic raw materials of the Al alloy and a green compact, in which TiC is dispersed; melting the Al mother-alloy or the metallic raw materials of the Al alloy to form an Al alloy melt; bringing the Al alloy melt and the green compact, in which TiC is dispersed, into contact with one another, thereby dispersing the TiC in the Al-alloy melt; casting the Al alloy melt, in which TiC is dispersed, into an aluminum-alloy ingot, in which TiC is dispersed; and rolling the aluminum-alloy ingot.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 4, 2003
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2005
    Assignees: Taiho Kogyo Co., Ltd., Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Toru Desaki, Soji Kamiya, Kazuaki Sato, Yukio Okouchi, Tetsuya Nukami
  • Patent number: 6878337
    Abstract: A process for producing a honeycomb structure, which comprises adding water to a mixed raw material of a raw material powder and a binder, kneading the mixture to obtain a plastic mixture, molding the plastic mixture into a honeycomb shape to obtain a green honeycomb structure, drying the structure by a step including hot-air drying, and firing the resulting dried honeycomb structure, wherein the binder contains hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose as a major component. The process can produce a crack-free high-quality honeycomb structure rapidly at a low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2001
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2005
    Assignee: NGK Insulators, Ltd.
    Inventors: Yasushi Noguchi, Kyoko Makino
  • Publication number: 20040223865
    Abstract: Ultra fine TaC-transition metal based complex powder is prepared by: dispersing a mixture of a Ta-containing material and a transition metal-containing water soluble salt into a solvent; stirring the mixture and spray-drying the stirred material to obtain precursor powder; calcining the precursor powder to form ultra fine Ta-transition metal complex oxide powder; mixing the ultra fine Ta-transition metal complex oxide powder with nano-sized carbon particles, followed by drying to obtain complex oxide powder; and subjecting the dried complex oxide powder to reduction/carburization in a non-oxidizing atmosphere.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 30, 2003
    Publication date: November 11, 2004
    Inventors: Byong Kee Kim, Seong Hyeon Hong, Yong Won Woo
  • Patent number: 6793875
    Abstract: A method for the synthesis of method for the manufacture of carbide cermet powders, comprises high energy ball milling a mixture of precursor powders and a carbon source, followed by annealing the milled powder mixture. The precursor powders are selected from materials suitable for the formation of cermets, for example silicon, titanium, thorium, hafnium, vanadium, chromium, tungsten, tantalum, niobium, and zirconium-containing materials. The precursors further include a source of carbon. Tungsten cobalt carbide powders produced by this method are submicron-sized (0.2 to 0.4 microns) with internal nanograins (10 to 40 nanometers in diameter).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2000
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2004
    Assignee: The University of Connecticut
    Inventors: Leon L. Shaw, Ruiming Ren, Zhenguo Yang
  • Patent number: 6521174
    Abstract: The residual stresses that are experienced in polycrystalline diamond cutters, which lead to cutter failure, can be effectively modified by selectively thinning the carbid substrate subsequent to a high-temperature, high-pressure (sinter) processing, by selectively varying the material constituents of the carbide substrate, by subjecting the PDC cutter to an annealing process during sintering, by subjecting the formed PDC cutter to a post-process stress relief anneal, or by a combination of those means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 21, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2003
    Assignee: Baker Hughes Incorporated
    Inventors: Trent N. Butcher, Ralph M. Horton, Stephen R. Jurewicz, Danny E. Scott, Redd H. Smith