Carbon, Boron Or Nitrogen Containing Patents (Class 420/431)
  • Publication number: 20150125340
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, a tungsten alloy includes 0.1 to 5 wt % of Zr in terms of ZrC.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventors: Shinichi YAMAMOTO, Kayo NAKANO, Hiromichi HORIE
  • Publication number: 20140363331
    Abstract: A ductile alloy is provided comprising molybdenum, chromium and aluminum, wherein the alloy has a ductile to brittle transition temperature of about 300 C after radiation exposure. The invention also provides a method for producing a ductile alloy, the method comprising purifying a base metal defining a lattice; and combining the base metal with chromium and aluminum, whereas the weight percent of chromium is sufficient to provide solute sites within the lattice for point defect annihilation.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Applicant: United States Department of Energy
    Inventor: Brian V. Cockeram
  • Publication number: 20140017114
    Abstract: Provided is a cathode material which becomes an alternative material of a cathode material formed of a W—ThO2 alloy and is formed of a tungsten alloy that does not include thorium which is a radioactive element. When particles of a rare earth oxide and tungsten carbide are finely dispersed in a tungsten cathode material used as a discharge cathode material used in TIG, plasma spraying, plasma cutting, electrical discharge machining, discharge lamps and the like, reduction and diffusion of the rare earth oxide are accelerated, and supply of rare earth elements to a cathode surface is ensured, thereby improving discharge characteristics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON TUNGSTEN CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Akira Matsuo, Yasutsugu Ueno, Yusuke Kai
  • Patent number: 8558166
    Abstract: A method for determining boron isotopic composition by PTIMS (Positive Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry)-static double collection realizes simultaneous static collection of m/e309 peak and m/e308 peak by double Faraday cups through adjusting the two parameters Focus Quad and Dispersion Quad in Zoom Optics, and completes high-accuracy determination of boron isotopic composition. The method includes (1) determining Focus Quad and Dispersion Quad parameters in the Zoom Optics of the ion source; (2) determining the two parallel cups in the Faraday collector and their parameters; (3) determining the collection mass number of the center cup of the Faraday collector.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Nanjing University
    Inventors: Shaoyong Jiang, Haizhen Wei
  • Publication number: 20120276411
    Abstract: A coating composition for coating a substrate, the coating composition comprising: Carbon in an amount of between about 1.5 and 3 wt %; Chromium in an amount of between about 10 and 15 wt %; Iron in an amount of between about 1 and 3 wt %; Nickel in an amount of less than about 15 wt %; 10 Silicon in an amount of between about 1 to 3 wt % Tungsten in an amount of between about 10 to 55 wt % with the balance of wt % being Cobalt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2010
    Publication date: November 1, 2012
    Inventor: Eddie Neesom
  • Publication number: 20120020828
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for preventing the oxidation of metals in thermal spraying by coating the metallic powders to be used with nanocarbides, to a coating achieved using the method as well as to a method for treating the metal powder with nanocarbides. The methods according to the invention are suitable for all metal powders used in thermal spraying and, as the invention enables the use of cheaper materials, they are economically extremely advantageous.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 3, 2010
    Publication date: January 26, 2012
    Inventors: Tomi Suhonen, Tommi Varis, Erja Turunen, Tapio Ritvonen
  • Publication number: 20100260641
    Abstract: A method of making cemented carbide powder with low sintering shrinkage including WC and 4-15 wt-% Co and up to 20 wt-% cubic carbide forming elements from the Groups 4 and 5 of the Periodic Table of the Elements by the powder metallurgical techniques wet milling, pressing and sintering. According to the method wet milling is performed in a rotating ball mill with a ratio between the weight of milling bodies and powder of 2-5. The milling bodies are shaped either as spheres or cylinders with semi-spherical end surfaces. The spherical bodies have a diameter of 10 to 15 mm and the cylindrical bodies have a diameter and height of 10 to 15 mm. The composition of the milling bodies is WC with 6 to 10 wt-% Co. A powder made according to the method is described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2008
    Publication date: October 14, 2010
    Applicant: SECO TOOLS AB
    Inventor: Jan Qvick
  • Publication number: 20100043662
    Abstract: A diffusion alloyed iron powder is provided wherein tungsten W is bonded to the surfaces of the particles of an iron or iron-based powder, and wherein the diffusion alloyed iron powder comprises by weight-%: 30-60 W, with the balance being essentially only iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 21, 2008
    Publication date: February 25, 2010
    Applicant: HOGANAS AB (publ)
    Inventors: Johan Arvidsson, Hans Söderhjelm
  • Publication number: 20090117372
    Abstract: A wear-, erosion- and chemically-resistant material containing tungsten alloyed with carbon, the carbon being present in an amount of 0.01 wt % up to 0.97 wt % of the total weight, wherein the material preferably comprises a matrix of metallic tungsten with dispersed tungsten carbide nanoparticles having a particle size not greater than 50 nanometres, preferably not greater than 10 nanometres. The material is optionally also alloyed with fluorine, the fluorine being present in an amount of 0.01 wt % up to 0.4 wt % of the total weight. The material is extremely hard and tough.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2005
    Publication date: May 7, 2009
    Inventors: Yuri Zhuk, Yury Lakhotkin, Sergey Aleksandrov
  • Patent number: 7422994
    Abstract: A composition for use as a catalyst in, for example, a fuel cell, the composition comprising platinum, copper and tungsten, or an oxide, carbide and/or salt of one or more of platinum, copper and tungsten, wherein the sum of the concentrations of platinum, copper and tungsten, or an oxide, carbide and/or salt thereof, is greater than 90 atomic percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 9, 2008
    Assignees: Symyx Technologies, Inc., Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Konstantinos Chondroudis, Alexander Gorer, Peter Strasser, Martin Devenney, Qun Fan, Daniel M. Giaquinta, Keith James Cendak, Hiroyuki Oyanagi, Kenta Urata
  • Patent number: 6960319
    Abstract: Disclosed is a flow-softening tungsten alloy having the general formula: W100-pAiBjCkDe wherein W is tungsten; A is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of nickel, iron, chromium and cobalt; B is in or more elements selected from the group consisting of molybdenum, niobium and tantalum; C is one or more of the elements selected from the groups consisting of titanium and aluminum; D is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of boron, carbon, and silicon; i is from about 5 to about 8 weight percent; j is from 0 to about 4 weight percent; k is from about 0.1 to about 4 weight percent; 1 is from 0 to about 0.1 weight percent; and p is greater than or equal to about 7 weight percent and less than or equal to about 20 weight percent. In this alloy p is approximately equal to the sum of i, j, k and 1. A method of preparing this alloy and a kinetic energy penetrator manufactured from it are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2005
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Deepak Kapoor
  • Patent number: 6830637
    Abstract: A large-diameter tungsten-lanthana rod having an elongated grain structure substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the rod is described. The large diameter rod is produced by rolling at a temperature greater than 1400° C. and less than 1700° C. to achieve at least about a 40% reduction in cross-sectional area. The high strength of the longitudinally elongated grain structure is desirable for applications such as rocket nozzles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 14, 2004
    Assignee: Osram Sylvania Inc.
    Inventors: Ricky D. Morgan, Thomas J. Dixon, Harry D. Martin, III
  • Patent number: 6514456
    Abstract: The invention concerns the use of a WC—Co cutting metal alloy for a component or a tool insert, which is shaped from a corresponding cutting metal blank by means of an electrical discharge processing method. The WC fraction in the carbide phase of the cutting metal alloy is more than 90 wt %; the binder phase consists mostly of cobalt and is 8 to 15 wt % with reference to the cutting metal alloy. 0.1 to 3 wt % of one or more metals from the group Re, Ge, Ga, Ir, Os, Pd, Ag, Au, Pt, Te, Sb, Rh, and Ru, with reference to the binder phase, are dissolved in the binder phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 6, 2000
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Plansee Tizit Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Andreas Lackner, Werner Ferstl, Gerhard Kn{overscore (u)}nz, Hans-Peter Martinz, Klaus Prandini
  • Patent number: 6024896
    Abstract: The contacts material of the present invention is contacts material including silver-tungsten carbide alloy containing 55-70 weight % of tungsten carbide (WC) of mean particle size 0.1-6 .mu.m wherein is included 0.005-0.2 weight % of carbon in an undissolved state or non-compound state whose equivalent diameter is 0.01-5 .mu.m.The present invention enables the current interruption characteristics of contacts material to be improved.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2000
    Assignee: Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba
    Inventors: Tsutomu Okutomi, Atsushi Yamamoto, Tsuneyo Seki, Tadaaki Sekiguchi
  • Patent number: 5696619
    Abstract: An electrically addressable, integrated, monolithic, micromirror device (10) is formed by the utilization of sputtering techniques, including various metal and oxide layers, photoresists, liquid and plasma etching, plasma stripping and related techniques and materials. The device (10) includes a selectively electrostatically deflectable mass or mirror (12) of supported by one or more beams (18) formed by sputtering and selective etching. The beams (18) are improved by being constituted of an impurity laden titanium-tungsten layer (52) with an impurity such as nitrogen, which causes the beams to have lattice constant different from TiW. The improved beams (18) exhibit increased strength, and decreased relaxation and creep.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 9, 1997
    Assignee: Texas Instruments Incorporated
    Inventors: Richard L. Knipe, John H. Tregilgas, Thomas W. Orent, Hidekazu Yoshihara
  • Patent number: 5651808
    Abstract: A new carbothermic reaction process is described for the thermochemical processing of nanophase WC-Co powders. The process permits shorter reaction times, reduced temperatures, and finer microstructures compared to conventional processing methods.The process builds on our experience with spray conversion processing [1], but involves 1) chemical vapor infiltration reaction of the carbon infiltrant and particle substrate to from WC-CO; and 2) removal of any excess (unreacted) carbon by controlled gasification. A feature of the carbothermic reaction process is its adaptability to conventional WC-Co processing technology, as well as to spray conversion processing technology.The resulting power particles consist of a network of fine grains, (less than 100 nm) of WC and Co with interconnected fine porosity. Powder particles suitable for subsequent handling and consolidation are readily produced with diameters greater than 10 microns.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 29, 1997
    Assignee: Rutgers, The State University Of New Jersey
    Inventors: Larry E. McCandlish, Bernard H. Kear, Byoung-Kee Kim
  • Patent number: 5512240
    Abstract: An arc discharge electrode material used for various electrode materials for arc welding, which is excellent in arc ignitability and consumability. The composition is 0.02 to 1.0 wt % lanthanum boride and the rest of tungsten.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: April 30, 1996
    Assignees: Toho Kinzoku Co., Ltd., Hokkai Tungsten Industrial Co. Ltd.
    Inventors: Fukuhisa Matusda, Masao Ushio, Kiyoyuki Hasegawa, Katsuyoshi Akabane, Takashi Matsuno
  • Patent number: 5077006
    Abstract: This invention relates to heat and corrosion resistant alloys for structural parts in industrial furnaces and similar installations requiring hot strength, long life and resistance to hot gas corrosion, carburization and thermal fatigue, and to master alloys to aid in the production of these alloys. The alloys consist of additions of less than one percent by weight each of the components tungsten, zirconium, molybdenum, columbium, titanium and one or more rare earth elements to base alloys of the types standardized by the Alloy Castings Institute Division of the Steel Founders Society of America or to similar base alloys. The master alloys consist of all of these components, with the possible exception of Mo, combined together in the desired proportions, possibly along with some combination of iron, nickel or chromium in total content of up to about half of the master alloys by weight as partial diluents. The resultant master alloys are always denser than molten baths of the base heat resistant alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 1990
    Date of Patent: December 31, 1991
    Assignee: Carondelet Foundry Company
    Inventor: John H. Culling
  • Patent number: 5057147
    Abstract: A method is disclosed for producing tungsten carbide-nickel powder which comprises forming a powder mixture consisting essentially of in percent by weight of about 0.1 to about 1.0 dimolybdenum carbide, about 1 to about 4 tungsten metal powder, about 80 to about 98% tungsten carbide and about 2 to about 20 nickel, wherein a sintered article produced from the powder has a relatively uniform microstructure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 1990
    Date of Patent: October 15, 1991
    Assignee: GTE Products Corporation
    Inventors: Mary E. Shaffer, Edward R. Kimmel
  • Patent number: 5051139
    Abstract: A process for the manufacture of dispersion-strengthened alloys of the refractory metals of the 4th, 5th and 6th subgroups of the Periodic Table for application in semi-finished products or preformed parts requiring high thermal creep-resistances, involves integrating dispersion-strengthening into the process in 2-4 partial operational steps through thermal reshaping, utilizing only 3-25% strain per partial step. Annealing processes are implemented between the individual reshaping processes at temperatures, which at least during some part of the annealing process, are below the respective recrystallization temperatures of the alloy materials. The maximum deformation of the alloy materials is 75%, but is normally substantially lower. Components manufactured from the materials produced according to the process include tools used in isothermic high-temperature forging or in rotating anode X-ray tubes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 1, 1990
    Date of Patent: September 24, 1991
    Assignee: Schwarzkopf Development Corporation
    Inventor: Ralf Eck
  • Patent number: 5019459
    Abstract: A high temperture, bimetallic cylinder of either ASTM 193B-16 carbon steel or duplex stainless steel having a wear and corrosion resistant inlay or liner of a nickel-based alloy containing 1.5 to 4.5% carbon, 1.5 to 3.5% silicon, 1.0 to 3.0% boron, up to 7.0% chromium, up to 15% iron, 1.0 to 6.0% cobalt and 30 to 60% tungsten. The inlay is centrifugally cast within the cylinder which is thermally compatible with the inlay such that it retains a high yield strength after casting.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 1990
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1991
    Assignee: Xaloy Incorporated
    Inventors: Schiao F. Chou, Willie Roberson
  • Patent number: 5013526
    Abstract: A superconducting material made of tungsten or molybdenum containing a specified amount of silicon, a wiring made of this superconducting material, and a semiconductor device using this wiring.The above-mentioned superconducting material undegoes no damage even in the steps of heat treatments effected after the formation of a wiring therefrom by virtue of its high melting point, and can be very easily patterned by reactive ion etching using SF.sub.6 as an etching gas, which has heretofore been generally employed. These features, in which conventional superconducting materials are lacking, allow the superconducting material of the present invention to exhibit excellent properties particularly when used in the wirings of a semiconductor device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 1989
    Date of Patent: May 7, 1991
    Assignee: Hitachi, Ltd.
    Inventors: Nobuyoshi Kobayashi, Masayuki Suzuki, Seiichi Kondo, Makoto Matsui, Kiichiro Mukai
  • Patent number: 4908182
    Abstract: Tungsten-rich alloys of formula W.sub.100-P M.sub.X RE.sub.Y ME.sub.Z wherein W is tungsten, M is one or more elements selected from the group consisting of transition elements, RE is an element selected from the group consisting of rare earth and actinide elements, ME is silicon, boron, germanium or aluminum, X is 0 to 25 weight %, Y is 0 to 2 weight %, Z is 0.1 to 3 weight % and P=X+Y+Z where P.ltoreq.26 weight % are disclosed. The alloys possess high strength and ductility. A method for preparing the alloys by rapid solidification processing is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 1988
    Date of Patent: March 13, 1990
    Assignee: Polytechnic University
    Inventor: Sung H. Whang
  • Patent number: 4717538
    Abstract: A molybdenum-tungsten-titanium-zirconium-carbon alloy system is disclosed having a composition in percent by weight of from about 0.01 to about 0.15 carbon, from about 0.06 to about 0.20 zirconium, from about 0.40 to about 0.75 titanium, from about 10 to about 60 tungsten, and the balance molybdenum.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 1986
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1988
    Assignee: GTE Products Corporation
    Inventors: Thomas J. Patrician, Gene T. Schaeffer, Harry D. Martin, III
  • Patent number: 4626476
    Abstract: A coating composition applied to a substrate by a thermal spray process which consists essentially of from about 4.0 to about 10.5 weight percent cobalt, from about 5.0 to about 11.5 weight percent chromium, from about 3.0 to about 5.0 weight percent carbon and the balance tungsten.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1986
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: Calvin H. Londry, Thomas A. Adler
  • Patent number: 4626477
    Abstract: A coating composition applied to a substrate by a thermal spray process which consists essentially of from about 6.5 to about 9.0 weight percent cobalt, from about 2.0 to about 4.0 weight percent chromium, from about 3.0 to about 4.0 weight percent carbon and the balance tungsten.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 1986
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1986
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: John E. Jackson, Thomas A. Adler, Jean M. Quets
  • Patent number: 4594104
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for producing a consolidated article composed of a transition metal alloy. The method includes the step of selecting a rapidly solidified alloy which is at least about 50% glassy. The alloy is formed into a plurality of alloy bodies, and these alloy bodies are compacted at a pressing temperature of not more than about 0.6 Ts (solidus temperature in .degree.C.) to consolidate and bond the alloy bodies together into a glassy metal compact having a density of at least about 90% T.D. (theoretical density). The compacted glassy alloy bodies are then heat treated at a temperature generally ranging from about 0.55-0.85 Ts, but, in any case, above the alloy crystallization temperature, for a time sufficient to produce a fine grain crystalline alloy structure in the compacted article.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 26, 1985
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1986
    Assignee: Allied Corporation
    Inventor: Derek Reybould
  • Patent number: 4529668
    Abstract: An electrodeposition process for depositing a boron-containing amorphous metallic layer onto a cathode from an electrodeposition bath having borophosphoric acid, dimethylamineborane or diethylamineborane; an ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid or amino acid; and a source of the metallic ions. In one embodiment, tungsten-cobalt-boron amorphous alloys are deposited onto the cathode from a bath having borophosphoric acid, an ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid or amino acid, a tungsten-containing salt and a cobalt-containing salt. In the preferred embodiment, the tungsten-containing salt is sodium tungstate, the cobalt-containing salt is cobalt sulphate, and the ammonium salt of a hydroxycarboxylic acid is ammonium citrate or ammonium tartrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 22, 1984
    Date of Patent: July 16, 1985
    Assignee: Dresser Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Gerald A. Croopnick, David M. Scruggs
  • Patent number: 4526618
    Abstract: A coating composition applied to a substrate by a thermal spray process which comprises tungsten carbide and a boron-containing alloy or a mixture of alloys with a total composition of from about 6.0 to 18.0 weight percent boron, 0 to 6 weight percent silicon, 0 to 20 weight percent chromium, 0 to 5 weight percent iron and the balance nickel; the tungsten carbide comprising about 78 to 88 weight percent of the entire composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 1983
    Date of Patent: July 2, 1985
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: Madapusi K. Keshavan, Merle H. Weatherly
  • Patent number: 4519840
    Abstract: A coating composition applied to a substrate by a thermal spray process which consists essentially of from about 11.0 to about 18.0 weight percent cobalt, from about 2.0 to about 6.0 weight percent chromium, from about 3.0 to about 4.5 weight percent carbon and the balance tungsten.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 1983
    Date of Patent: May 28, 1985
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: John E. Jackson, Thomas A. Adler, Jean M. Quets, Robert C. Tucker, Jr.
  • Patent number: 4443255
    Abstract: Method for hard-facing substrates is disclosed using a hard facing material consisting essentially of at least one vanadium carbide. In a particular embodiment of the invention tungsten is present in the hard facing material in solid solution with vanadium carbide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1981
    Date of Patent: April 17, 1984
    Assignee: Union Carbide Corporation
    Inventors: Harry J. Brown, William D. Forgeng, Charles W. Brown
  • Patent number: 4430389
    Abstract: A composite cylinder for use in injection molding or extrusion operations, wherein a lining having excellent wear resistance and corrosion resistance is applied to the inside of an outer housing by a centrifugal casting process utilizing an alloy having tungsten-carbide particles in a nickel-chromium based alloy matrix. The casting alloy has a composition of up to about 57 weight percent tungsten carbide, with the balance a mixture of nickel and chromium and possibly minor amounts of other elements, but without any significant amount of cobalt. Particularly satisfactory results are obtained from an alloy having a composition by weight of 46-57 percent tungsten carbide, 28-40 percent nickel, 5.1-9.5 percent chromium, 1.5-2.9 percent iron, 1.5-2.9 percent silicon, 1.0-2.3 percent boron and 0.5 percent maximum carbon, the total of constituents being 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 1, 1982
    Date of Patent: February 7, 1984
    Assignee: Wexco Corporation
    Inventor: Tony U. Otani