Copper Containing Patents (Class 420/60)
  • Patent number: 10415126
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel having excellent thermal fatigue resistance, excellent oxidation resistance, and excellent high-temperature fatigue resistance is provided. The ferritic stainless steel contains, in terms of % by mass, C: 0.020% or less, Si: 3.0% or less, Mn: 2.0% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.030% or less, Cr: 10.0% to 20.0%, N: 0.020% or less, Nb: 0.005% to 0.15%, Al: 0.20% to 3.0%, Ti: 5× (C+N)% to 0.50%, Cu: 0.55% to 1.60%, B: 0.0002% to 0.0050%, Ni: 0.05% to 1.0%, 0: 0.0030% or less, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities. Additionally, the ferritic stainless steel satisfies that Al/O?100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2019
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Chikara Kami
  • Patent number: 10400318
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel that a composition including in terms of % by mass, C: 0.015% or less, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 1.0% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Cr: 10.0% to 23.0%, Al: 0.2% to 1.0%, N: 0.015% or less, Cu: 1.0% to 2.0%, Nb: 0.30% to 0.65%, Ti: 0.50% or less, O: 0.0030% or less, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, wherein a Si content and an Al content satisfy Si?Al, and the Al content and an O content satisfy Al/O?100.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 12, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2019
    Assignee: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Chikara Kami
  • Patent number: 10047417
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a continuous caster roll for a continuous casting machine, having; a base portion and an overlay portion made of martensitic stainless steel. The steel of the overlay portion includes 12-14% by weight Cr (chromium), and the steel further includes 0.2-0.5% by weight Nb (niobium) which is a stronger carbide former than Cr, such that Cr will be kept in solid solution in the overlay portion. The balance being Fe (iron), other alloying elements and normally occurring impurities. In addition, a method to manufacture the continuous caster roll is disclosed, wherein the overlay portion is applied by any of weld cladding or laser cladding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2018
    Assignee: AKTIEBOLAGET SKF
    Inventor: Marcus C Andersson
  • Patent number: 9869002
    Abstract: There is provided a method for manufacturing a duplex stainless steel sheet having reduced inclusions through argon oxygen decarburization (AOD), ladle treatment (LT), and twin roll strip casting. The method includes deoxidizing molten steel using silicon (Si) during the AOD, wherein the molten steel has a silicon (Si) content of 0.55 wt % to 0.75 wt % at the end of the AOD.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 16, 2018
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Sung Jin Park, Man Jin Ha, Dae Sung Lee
  • Patent number: 9039961
    Abstract: The invention relates to a low-nickel austenitic stainless steel with high resistance to delayed cracking and the use of the steel. The steel contains in weight % 0.02-0.15% carbon, 7-15% manganese, 14-19% chromium, 0.1-4% nickel, 0.1-3% copper, 0.05-0.3% nitrogen, the balance of the steel being iron and inevitable impurities, and the chemical composition range in terms of the sum of carbon and nitrogen contents (C+N) and the measured Md3o-temperature is inside the area defined by the points ABCD which have the following values Point Md30° C. C+N % A?80 0.1 B+7 0.1 C?40 0.40 D?80 0.40.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: Outokumpu Oyj
    Inventors: Juho Talonen, Suresh Kodukula, Tero Taulavuori
  • Publication number: 20150099140
    Abstract: The invention relates generally to welding and, more specifically, to welding wires for arc welding, such as Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW) or Flux Core Arc Welding (FCAW). A disclosed tubular welding wire has a sheath and a core, and the tubular welding wire includes an organic stabilizer component, a rare earth component, and a corrosion resistant component comprising one or more of: nickel, chromium, and copper.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Mario Anthony Amata, Steven Edward Barhorst, Tre' Dorell Heflin-King
  • Patent number: 8980018
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel sheet for an exhaust part which has little deterioration in strength even if undergoing long term heat history and is low in cost, excellent in heat resistance and workability characterized by containing, characterized by containing, by mass %, C: less than 0.010%, N: 0.020% or less, Si: over 0.1% to 2.0%, Mn: 2.0% or less, Cr: 12.0 to 25.0%, Cu: over 0.9 to 2%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.3%, Nb: 0.001 to 0.1%, Al: 1.0% or less, and B: 0.0003 to 0.003%, having a Cu/(Ti+Nb) of 5 or more, and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junichi Hamada, Shinichi Teraoka, Yoshiharu Inoue, Norihiro Kanno
  • Patent number: 8900511
    Abstract: The present invention relates a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel, containing, by weight percent, 0.01 to 0.06% of C, 0.10 to 0.50% of Si, 20.5 to 24.5% of Mn, 0.040% or less of P, 0.010% or less of S, 3.1 to 6.0% of Ni, 0.10 to 0.80% of Cu, 20.5 to 24.5% of Cr, 0.10 to 1.50% of Mo, 0.0010 to 0.0050% of B, 0.010% or less of O, 0.65 to 0.90% of N, and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities; the steel satisfying the following formulae (1) to (4): [Cr]+3.3×[Mo]+16×[N]?30??(1), {Ni}/{Cr}?0.15??(2), 2.0?[Ni]/[Mo]?30.0??(3), and [C]×1000/[Cr]?2.5??(4), wherein [Cr], [Mo], [N], [Ni], [Mo] and [C] represent the content of Cr, the content of Mo, the content of N, the content of Ni, the content of Mo and the content of C in the steel, respectively, and {Ni} represents the sum of [Ni], [Cu] and [N], and {Cr} represents the sum of [Cr] and [Mo]. The present invention further relates to a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel part containing the steel and a process for producing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Koichi Ishikawa, Tetsuya Shimizu
  • Patent number: 8894924
    Abstract: This ferrite stainless steel includes: by mass %, C: 0.020% or less; N: 0.025% or less; Si: 1.0% or less; Mn: 0.5% or less; P: 0.035% or less; S: 0.01% or less; Cr: 16% to 25%; Al: 0.15% or less; Ti: 0.05% to 0.5%; and Ca: 0.0015% or less, with the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the following formula (1) is fulfilled, BI=3Al+Ti+0.5Si+200Ca?0.8??(1) (wherein Al, Ti, Si, and Ca in the formula (1) represent contents (mass %) of the respective components in the steel).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tooru Matsuhashi, Michio Nakata
  • Patent number: 8852361
    Abstract: A stainless steel sheet with excellent heat and corrosion resistances for a brake disk is provided. Specifically, in mass %, C: less than 0.10%, Si: 1.0% or less, Mn: 1.0 to 2.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: more than 11.5% but not more than 15.0%, Ni: 0.1 to 1.0%, Al: 0.10% or less, Nb: more than 0.08% but not more than 0.6%, V: 0.02 to 0.3%, and N: more than 0.03% but not more than 0.10% are contained so that 0.03?{C+N?(13/93)Nb}?0.10, (5Cr+10Si+15Mo+30Nb+50V?9Ni?5Mn?3Cu?225N?270C)?45, and {(14/50)V+(14/90)Nb}<N (wherein Cr, Si, Mo, Nb, Ni, Mn, Cu, V, N, and C represent the contents (mass %) of the corresponding elements) are satisfied. With such a composition, the stainless steel sheet for a brake disk can be provided with both excellent heat resistance and excellent corrosion resistance after tempering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junichiro Hirasawa, Takumi Ujiro, Osamu Furukimi
  • Publication number: 20140294660
    Abstract: This hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet contains, in terms of % by mass: 0.0150% or less of C, 0.01% to 2.00% of Si, 0.01% to 2.00% of Mn, less than 0.040% of P, 0.010% or less of S, 10.0% to 30.0% of Cr, 0.001% to 0.100% of Al, and 0.0200% or less of N, with a balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, wherein in a cross section in a range of ¼ to ¾ of a sheet thickness, a length L of all crystal grain boundaries having orientation differences of 1° or more to less than 180° and a length La of subgrain boundaries having orientation differences of 1° or more to less than 15° satisfy a relation of La/L?0.20.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 6, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Ken Kimura, Junichi Hamada, Jun Takahashi, Yuuji Koyama, Shigeyuki Gotoh
  • Patent number: 8808471
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel alloy is strengthened by copper-nucleated nitride precipitates. The alloy includes, in combination by weight percent, about 10.0 to about 12.5 Cr, about 2.0 to about 7.5 Ni, up to about 17.0 Co, about 0.6 to about 1.5 Mo, about 0.5 to about 2.3 Cu, up to about 0.6 Mn, up to about 0.4 Si, about 0.05 to about 0.15 V, up to about 0.10 N, up to about 0.035 C, up to about 0.01 W, and the balance Fe and incidental elements and impurities. The nitride precipitates may be enriched by one or more transition metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: QuesTek Innovations LLC
    Inventors: James A. Wright, Gregory B. Olson, Weijia Tang
  • Publication number: 20140154129
    Abstract: Stainless steel for fuel cell separators contains C: ?0.03%, Si: ?1.0%, Mn: ?1.0%, S: ?0.01%, P: ?0.05%, Al: ?0.20%, N: ?0.03%, Cr: 16 to 40%, and one or more of Ni: ?20%, Cu: ?0.6% and Mo: ?2.5%, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities. According to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the surface of the stainless steel contains fluorine and provides a 3.0 or higher ratio of the total of atomic concentrations of Cr and Fe in other than the metallic forms calculated from data resulting from the separation of peaks of Cr and Fe into metallic peaks and peaks other than the metallic peaks to the total of atomic concentrations of Cr and Fe in the metallic forms calculated from data resulting from the separation of peaks of Cr and Fe into metallic peaks and peaks other than the metallic peaks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Noriko Makiishi, Hisato Noro, Shin Ishikawa, Shinsuke Ide, Tomohiro Ishii, Masayasu Nagoshi
  • Publication number: 20140119976
    Abstract: The present invention discloses zinc-modified ferritic stainless steels and a manufacturing method thereof. The chemical composition of the ferritic stainless steels comprises 14-16 wt % chromium, 0.001-4 wt % zinc, 0.001-0.02 wt % nitrogen, 0.003-0.015 wt % carbon and the remaining of weight percentage of the composition is iron. By adding zinc into the composition, the ferritic stainless steels of the present invention have stronger capacity of corrosion resistance and lower manufacturing cost, as compared to the conventional stainless steels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: NATIONAL TSING HUA UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: SWE-KAI CHEN
  • Publication number: 20140069619
    Abstract: An aspect of a ferritic stainless steel contains, by mass %: C: 0.03% or less; N: 0.03% or less; Si: more than 0.1% to 1% or less; Mn: 0.02% to 1.2%; Cr: 15% to 23%; Al: 0.002% to 0.5%; and either one or both of Nb and Ti, with the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, wherein Expression (1) and Expression (2) illustrated below are satisfied, an oxide film is formed on a surface thereof, and the oxide film contains Cr, Si, Nb, Ti and Al in a total cationic fraction of 30% or more, 8(C+N)+0.03?Nb+Ti?0.6??(1) Si+Cr+Al+{Nb+Ti?8(C+N)}?15.5??(2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: March 13, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nobuhiko Hiraide, Fumio Fudanoki, Shunji Sakamoto
  • Publication number: 20140065005
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steels with good oxidation resistance, and good high temperature strength and good formability are produced with Ti addition and low Al content for room temperature formability resulting from equiaxed as-cast grain structures. Columbium (niobium) and copper are added for high temperature strength. Silicon and manganese are added for oxidation resistance. The ferritic stainless steels provide better oxidation resistance than ferritic stainless steels of 18Cr-2Mo and 15Cr—Cb—Ti—Si—Mn. In addition, they are generally less costly to produce than 18Cr-2Mo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventor: Eizo Yoshitake
  • Publication number: 20140065006
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steels with good oxidation resistance, good high temperature strength, and good formability are produced with Ti addition and low Al content for room temperature formability resulting from equiaxed as-cast grain structures. Columbium (niobium) and copper are added for high temperature strength. Silicon and manganese are added for oxidation resistance. The ferritic stainless steels provide better oxidation resistance than ferritic stainless steels of 18Cr—2Mo and 15Cr-Cb-Ti—Si—Mn. In addition, they are generally less costly to produce than 18Cr—2Mo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventor: Eizo Yoshitake
  • Patent number: 8663403
    Abstract: A precipitation-hardened stainless steel alloy comprises, by weight: about 14.0 to about 16.0 percent chromium; about 6.0 to about 8.0 percent nickel; about 1.25 to about 1.75 percent copper; greater than about 1.5 to about 2.0 percent molybdenum; about 0.001 to about 0.025 percent carbon; niobium in an amount greater than about twenty times that of carbon; and the balance iron and incidental impurities. The alloy has an aged microstructure and an ultimate tensile strength of at least about 1100 MPa and a Charpy V-notch toughness of at least about 69 J. In one embodiment, the aged microstructure includes martensite and not more than about 10% reverted austenite. In another embodiment, the alloy includes substantially all martensite and substantially no reverted austenite. The alloy is useful for making turbine airfoils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Jianqiang Chen, Thomas Michael Moors, Jon Conrad Schaeffer
  • Patent number: 8657971
    Abstract: A brake disk excellent in temper softening resistance and toughness comprising, by mass, 0.1% or less of C, 1.0% or less of Si, 2.0% or less of Mn, 10.5% to 15.0% of Cr, and 0.1% or less of N, the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities, such that the following inequalities are satisfied: 5Cr+10Si+15Mo+30Nb?9Ni?5Mn?3Cu?225N?270C<45 (1) and 0.03?{C+N?(13/92)Nb}?0.09 (2) wherein Cr, Si, Mo, Nb, Ni, Mn, Cu, N, and C each represent the content of the corresponding elements on a mass percent basis, and having a martensitic structure having prior-austenite grains with an average diameter of 8 to less than 15 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 25, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junichiro Hirasawa, Takumi Ujiro, Osamu Furukimi
  • Patent number: 8608873
    Abstract: A stainless steel and a flat cold product produced therefrom, which can be easily produced in an economical manner. A steel according to the invention, in the cold-rolled state, has a microstructure with 5-15% by volume ?-ferrite and austenite as the remainder. It contains (in % by weight): C: 0.05-0.14%, Si: 0.1-1.0%, Mn: 4.0-12.0%, Cr: >17.5-22.0%, Ni: 1.0-4.0%, Cu: 1.0-3.0%, N: 0.03-0.2%, P: max. 0.07%, S: max. 0.01%, Mo: max. 0.5%, optionally one or more elements from the group consisting of Ti, Nb, B, V, Al, Ca, As, Sn, Sb, Pb, Bi, and H wherein Ti: max. 0.02%, Nb: max. 0.1%, B: max. 0.004%, V: max. 0.1%, Al: 0.001-0.03%, Ca: 0.0005-0.003%, As: 0.003-0.015%, Sn: 0.003-0.01%, Pb: max. 0.01%, Bi: max. 0.01%, H: max. 0.0025%, and remainder Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Outokumpu Nirosta GmbH
    Inventors: Cornel Abratis, Lutz Ernenputsch, Wilfried Klos, Hans-Joachim Krautschick, Michael Sachtleber
  • Publication number: 20130319583
    Abstract: The present invention provides a low-alloy high-purity ferritic stainless steel sheet provided with improved oxidation resistance and high-temperature strength by utilizing Sn addition in trace amounts without relying on excessive alloying of Al and Si which reduces fabricability and weldability or addition of rare elements such as Nb, Mo, W, and rare earths, and a process for producing the same. The high-purity ferritic stainless steel sheet includes C: 0.001 to 0.03%, Si: 0.01 to 2%, Mn: 0.01 to 1.5%, P: 0.005 to 0.05%, S: 0.0001 to 0.01%, Cr: 16 to 30%, N: 0.001 to 0.03%, Al: 0.05 to 3%, and Sn: 0.01 to 1% (% by mass), with the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities. A stainless steel slab having such steel components is heated, wherein an extraction temperature is 1100 to 1250° C., and a winding temperature after hot rolling is 650° C. or lower. A hot-rolled sheet is annealed at 900 to 1050° C., and cooled at 10° C./sec or less over a temperature range of 550 to 850° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 23, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Eiichiro Ishimaru, Akihiko Takahashi
  • Publication number: 20130306204
    Abstract: This hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a steel composition containing, in terms of % by mass: 0.02% or less of C; 0.02% or less of N; 0.1% to 1.5% of Si; 1.5% or less of Mn; 0.035% or less of P; 0.010% or less of S; 1.5% or less of Ni; 10% to 20% of Cr; 1.0% to 3.0% of Cu; 0.08% to 0.30% of Ti; and 0.3% or less of Al, with the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a Vickers hardness of less than 235 Hv.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Masaaki Kobayashi, Yuuji Koyama, Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue, Ken Kimura, Jun Takahashi, Shigeyuki Gotoh
  • Publication number: 20130288074
    Abstract: This alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material contains, by mass %, C: 0.03% or less, Si: 0.05% to 1.0%, Mn: 0.5% to 7.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Ni: 0.1% to 5.0%, Cr: 18.0% to 25.0%, N: 0.05% to 0.30% and Al: 0.001% to 0.05%, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material is produced by hot rolling, a chromium nitride precipitation temperature TN is in a range of 960° C. or lower, a yield strength is 50 MPa or more higher than that of a hot rolled steel material which is subjected to a solution heat treatment, and the alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material is as hot rolled state, and is not subjected to a solution heat treatment. This clad steel plate includes a duplex stainless steel as a cladding material, the duplex stainless steel has the above composition, and the chromium nitride precipitation temperature TN is in a range of 800° C. to 970° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Shinji Tsuge, Yuusuke Oikawa, Yoichi Yamamoto, Haruhiko Kajimura, Kazuhiko Ishida
  • Publication number: 20130272912
    Abstract: An object is to provide a ferritic stainless steel having excellent oxidation resistance, while preventing a deterioration in formability, without adding expensive chemical elements such as Mo and W. Specifically, the ferritic stainless steel excellent in oxidation resistance having a chemical composition containing, by mass%, C: 0.015% or less, Si: 0.40% or more and 1.00% or less, Mn: 1.00% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Cr: 12.0% or more and 23.0% or less, N: 0.015% or less, Nb: 0.30% or more and 0.65% or less, Ti: 0.150% or less, Mo: 0.10% or less, W: 0.10% or less, Cu: less than 1.00%, Al: 0.20% or more and 1.00% or less, while the relationship Si?Al is satisfied, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Takumi Ujiro
  • Patent number: 8540933
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy having the following composition in percent of weight (wt %): 0.02?C?0.06; Si<1.0; 2.0?Mn?6.0; 2.0?Ni?4.5; 17?Cr?19; 2.0?Cu?4.0; 0.15?N?0.25; 0?Mo?1.0; 0?W?0.3; 0?V?0.3; 0?Ti?0.5; 0?Al?1.0; 0?Nb?0.5; 0?Co?1.0; the balance Fe and normally occurring impurities, wherein the contents of the alloying elements are balanced so that the following conditions are fulfilled: Nieqv?1.42*Creqv??13.42; and Nieqv+0.85*Creqv?29.00 wherein Creqv=[% Cr]+2*[% Si]+1.5*[% Mo]+5*[% V]+5.5*[% Al]+1.75*[% Nb]+1.5*[% Ti]+0.75*[% W] Nieqv[% Ni]+[% Co]+0.5*[% Mn]+0.3*[% Cu]+25*[% N]+30*[% C]; and ?70° C.<MD30<?25° C., wherein MD30=(551?462*([% C]+[% N])?9.2*[% Si]?8.1*[% Mn]?13.7*[% Cr]?29*([% Ni]+[% Cu])?68*[% Nb]?18.5*[% Mo])° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Lars Nylöf, Anders Söderman
  • Patent number: 8528513
    Abstract: The invention relates to a steel piston for internal combustion engines, comprising at least one piston upper part (12) provided with a combustion cavity (11) and an annular wall (5), and a piston lower part (13) provided with a connecting rod bearing (8). The steel piston is cast as a single component from a reduced-density steel alloy or a special steel alloy in the same material by means of a low-pressure casting method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Daimler AG
    Inventors: Tilmann Haug, Wolfgang Rehm, Karl Weisskopf
  • Patent number: 8491735
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a steel sheet for Vitreous enameling excellent in enameling properties (bubbling and black spot resistance, enamel adhesiveness and fish scale resistance) and workability, and a method for producing the same, and is characterized in that the steel sheet contains, in mass of, C: 0.010% or less, Mn: 0.03 to 1.3%, Si: 0.03% or less, Al: 0.02% or less, N: 0.0055% or less, P: below 0.035%, and S: over 0.025% to 0.08%; and the density change of the steel sheet from before an annealing to after an annealing at 850° C. for 20 hours, in a hydrogen atmosphere is 0.02% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Hidekuni Murakami, Satoshi Nishimura, Shiro Sanagi
  • Patent number: 8470237
    Abstract: The stainless steel of the first embodiment includes C: 0.001 to 0.02%, N: 0.001 to 0.02%, Si: 0.01 to 0.5%, Mn: 0.05 to 0.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Ni: more than 3% to 5%, Cr: 11 to 26%, and either one or both of Ti: 0.01 to 0.5% and Nb: 0.02 to 0.6%, and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities. The stainless steel of the second embodiment has an alloy composition different from those of the first and third embodiments and satisfies the formula (A): Cr+3Mo+6Ni?23 and formula (B): Al/Nb?10 and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities. The stainless steel of the third embodiment has an alloy composition different from those of the first and second embodiments and includes either one or both of Sn: 0.005 to 2% and Sb: 0.005 to 1% and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuhiko Hiraide, Haruhiko Kajimura, Ken Kimura
  • Publication number: 20130149187
    Abstract: A heat-resistant ferritic stainless steel sheet having excellent oxidation resistance while being low in cost and optimal for use in exhaust system components, wherein mass % falls within the following ranges: C: 0.015% or less, N: 0.020% or less, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.001% or less, Si: 0.3-1.5% or less, Mn: 0.3-0.7% or less, Cr: 11.0-17.0%, Cu: 0.8-1.5%, Ni: 0.05-1.0%, V: 0.5% or less, Al: over 0.01 up to 0.1%, Ti: 10(C+N) to 0.3%. Also, the element content of the elements in the ferritic stainless steel sheet having excellent oxidation and thermal resistance has been mutually adjusted in a manner such that the value of ? defined in formula (1) is 35 or less. ?=23[% Ni]+9[% Cu]+7[% Mn]?11.5[% Cr]?11.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2011
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL SHEET CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yoshiharu Inoue, Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Shinichi Teraoka
  • Patent number: 8444916
    Abstract: The stainless steel of the first embodiment includes C: 0.001 to 0.02%, N: 0.001 to 0.02%, Si: 0.01 to 0.5%, Mn: 0.05 to 0.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Ni: more than 3% to 5%, Cr: 11 to 26%, and either one or both of Ti: 0.01 to 0.5% and Nb: 0.02 to 0.6%, and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities. The stainless steel of the second embodiment has an alloy composition different from those of the first and third embodiments and satisfies the formula (A): Cr+3Mo+6Ni?23 and formula (B): Al/Nb?10 and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities. The stainless steel of the third embodiment has an alloy composition different from those of the first and second embodiments and includes either one or both of Sn: 0.005 to 2% and Sb: 0.005 to 1% and contains as the remainder, Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Nobuhiko Hiraide, Haruhiko Kajimura, Ken Kimura
  • Publication number: 20130039802
    Abstract: The invention relates to a low-nickel austenitic stainless steel with high resistance to delayed cracking and the use of the steel. The steel contains in weight % 0.02-0.15% carbon, 7-15% manganese, 14-19% chromium, 0.1-4% nickel, 0.1-3% copper, 0.05-0.3% nitrogen, the balance of the steel being iron and inevitable impurities, and the chemical composition range in terms of the sum of carbon and nitrogen contents (C+N) and the measured Md3o-temperature is inside the area defined by the points ABCD which have the following values Point Md30° C. C+N % A?80 0.1 B+7 0.1 C?40 0.40 D?80 0.40.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 18, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Applicant: OUTOKUMPU OYJ
    Inventors: Juho Talonen, Suresh Kodukula, Tero Taulavuori
  • Publication number: 20130039801
    Abstract: This martensitic stainless steel contains, in terms of percent by mass: C: 0.003% to 0.03%; Si: 0.01% to 1.0%; Mn: 3.0% to 6.0%; P: 0.05% or less; S: 0.003% or less; Ni: 1.0% to 3.0%; Cr: 15.0% to 18.0%; Mo: 0% to 1.0%; Cu: 0% to 2.0%; Ti: 0% to 0.05%; N: 0.05% or less; Al: 0.001% to 0.1%; and O: 0.005% or less, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein a total amount of C and N is in a range of 0.060% or less, ?max represented by the formula 1 is in a range of 80 or more, and ?pot represented by the formula 2 is in a range of 60 to 90. ?max=420×C %+470×N %+23×Ni %+9×Cu %+7×Mn %?11.5×Cr %?11.5×Si %?52×Al %+189??Formula 1 ?pot=700×C %+800×N %+10×(Mn %+Cu %)+20×Ni %?9.3×Si %?6.2×Cr %?9.3×Mo %?74.4×Ti %?37.2×Al %+63.2??Formula 2 Here, C %, N %, Ni %, Cu %, Mn %, Cr %, Si %, A1%, Mo %, and Ti % represent the contents (mass %) of the respective elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Shinji Tsuge, Haruhiko Kajimura, Hiroshige Inoue
  • Publication number: 20130039796
    Abstract: A master alloy used to produce the steel part and a process for producing a sinter hardened steel part from the master alloy are described. The powdered master alloy having a composition of iron, about 1 to less than 5 weight % C, about 3 to less than 15 weight % Mn, and about 3 to less than 15 weight % Cr, wherein the master alloy comprises a microstructure composed of a solid solution of the alloying elements and carbon, the microstructure comprising at least 10 volume % austenite and the remainder as iron compounds. The process comprises: preparing the master alloy, mixing the master alloy with a steel powder to produce a mixture wherein the weight % of the master alloy is from 5 to 35 weight % of the mixture, compacting the mixture into a shape of a part and sintering the mixture to produce the steel part, and controlling the cooling rate after sintering to produce sinter hardening. The master alloy powder can also be used as a sinter hardening enhancer when mixed with low-alloy steel powders.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Gilles L'Esperance, Ian Bailon-Poujol, Denis Christopherson, JR.
  • Patent number: 8357247
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel, having high temper softening resistance, for disc brakes is provided. The martensitic stainless steel is not seriously softened by maintaining the steel at more than 600° C. The steel has a hardness of 32 or more or a hardness of 30 or more in HRC after the steel is tempered at 650° C. for one hour or tempered at 670° C. for one hour, respectively. In particular, the martensitic stainless steel for disc brakes contains less than 0.050 mass % carbon, 1.0 mass % or less silicon, 2.0 mass % or less manganese, 0.04 mass % or less phosphorus, 0.010 mass % or less sulfur, 0.2 mass % or less aluminum, more than 11.5 mass % to 15.0 mass % chromium, 0.5 mass % to 2.0 mass % nickel, more than 0.50 mass % to 4.0 mass %. copper, more than 0.08 mass % to 0.6 mass % niobium, and less than 0.09 mass % nitrogen, the remainder being iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 22, 2013
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Junichiro Hirasawa, Yoshihiro Ozaki, Takumi Ujiro, Osamu Furukimi
  • Publication number: 20130017116
    Abstract: The stainless steel sheet according to the present invention is a ferritic stainless steel which is comprised of, by mass %, C: 0.001 to 0.03%, Si: 0.01 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.01 to 1.5%, P: 0.005 to 0.05%, S: 0.0001 to 0.01%, Cr: 12 to 16%, N: 0.001 to 0.03%, Nb: 0.05 to 0.3%, Ti: 0.03 to 0.15%, Al: 0.005 to 0.5%, Sn: 0.01 to 1.0%, and has the remainder of Fe and unavoidable impurities and satisfies the relationship of 1?Nb/Ti?3.5. The method comprises heating a slab of stainless steel which contains the above steel ingredients, setting the extraction temperature 1080 to 1190° C., and setting the coiling temperature after the end of hot rolling 500 to 700° C. After hot rolling, the method comprises annealing the hot rolled sheet, which can be omitted, cold rolling once or cold rolling twice or more which includes processing annealing, and finish annealing the steel sheet at 850 to 980° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Publication date: January 17, 2013
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Akihito Yamagishi, Shigenori Takahata, Eiichiro Ishimaru
  • Publication number: 20130004361
    Abstract: This ferritic stainless steel for components of an automobile exhaust system includes, in terms of percent by mass: C: ?0.015%; Si: 0.01% to 0.50%; Mn: 0.01% to 0.50%; P: ?0.050%; S: ?0.010%; N: ?0.015%; Al: 0.010% to 0.100%; Cr: 16.5% to 22.5%; Ni: 0.5% to 2.0%; and Sn: 0.01% to 0.50%, and further includes either one or both of Ti: 0.03% to 0.30% and Nb: 0.03% to 0.30%, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2011
    Publication date: January 3, 2013
    Inventors: Shunji Sakamoto, Shinichi Teraoka, Nobuhiko Hiraide
  • Publication number: 20120328466
    Abstract: The present invention provides an optimum low-chromium stainless steel which prevents corrosion resistance degradation of a weld in the case of welding a low-chromium stainless steel utilizing martensite transformation in multiple passes (multipass), is excellent in weld intergranular corrosion resistance even in a severe corrosion environment, simultaneously avoids occurrence of preferential corrosion at the bond-bordering region of the weld heat-affected zone, and is also excellent in productivity, which low-chromium stainless steel comprises, in mass %, C: 0.015 to 0.025%, N: 0.008 to 0.014%, Si: 0.2 to 1.0%, Mn: 1.0 to 1.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.03% or less, Cr: 10 to 13%, Ni 0.2 to 1.5%, and Al: 0.005 to 0.1% or less, and further comprises Ti: 6×(C %+N %) or greater and 0.25% or less, the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the contents of the elements satisfy specified expressions.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 21, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Shunji Sakamoto, Masuhiro Fukaya
  • Publication number: 20120315180
    Abstract: A stainless steel music string having a composition in percent by weight (wt %) of, 0.01?C?0.04; 0.01?N?0.06; 0.1?Si?1.0; 0.2?Mn?2.0; 5.0?Ni?10; 16?Cr?20; 0.2?Cu?3.0; 0?Mo?2.0; 0?W?0.5; 0?V?0.5; 0?Ti?1.0; 0?Al?1.0; 0?Nb?1.0; 0?Co?1.0, and the balance being Fe and normally occurring impurities The music string also includes at least 90% martensite phase by volume.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 22, 2010
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY AB
    Inventors: Anders Soderman, Lars Nylof
  • Publication number: 20120201712
    Abstract: A water atomized stainless steel powder which comprises by weight-%: 10.5-30.0 Cr 0.5-9.0 Ni 0.01-2.0 Mn 0.01-3.0 Sn 0.1-3.0 Si 0.01-0.4 N optionally max 7.0 Mo optionally max 7.0 Cu optionally max 3.0 Nb optionally max 6.0 V balance iron and max 0.5 of unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 14, 2010
    Publication date: August 9, 2012
    Applicant: HOGANAS AKTIEBOLAG (PUBL)
    Inventor: Denis Oshchepkov
  • Publication number: 20120111529
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel suitable for use as an EGR cooler member, which can be Ni-brazed into an EGR cooler, contains, by mass, C: at most 0.03%, Si: from more than 0.1 to 3%, Mn: from 0.1 to 2%, Cr: from 10 to 25%, Nb: from 0.3 to 0.8%, and N: at most 0.03%, and optionally selectively contains (a) one or more of Mo, Cu, V and W in a total amount of at most 4%, (b) one or more of Ti, Al and Zr in a total amount of at most 0.3%, (c) one or more of Ni and Co in a total amount of at most 5%, and (d) one or more of REMs (rare earth metals) and Ca in a total amount of at most 0.2%, with a balance of Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2009
    Publication date: May 10, 2012
    Applicant: NISSHIN STEEL CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Manabu Oku, Sadayuki Nakamura, Yoshiaki Hori
  • Patent number: 8163233
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel for welded structures including by mass %, C: 0.001 to 0.05%, Si: 0.05 to 1%, Mn: 0.05 to 2%, P: 0.03% or less, REM: 0.0005 to 0.1%, Cr: 8 to 16%, Ni: 0.1 to 9% and sol. Al: 0.001 to 0.1%; and further including one or more elements selected from among Ti: 0.005 to 0.5%, Zr: 0.005 to 0.5%, Hf: 0.005 to 0.5%, V: 0.005 to 0.5% and Nb: 0.005 to 0.5%; and O: 0.005% or less, N: 0.1% or less, with the balance being Fe and impurities; and the P and REM content satisfies: P?0.6×REM. This steel possesses excellent SCC (stress corrosion cracking) resistance in welded sections in Sweet environments.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 24, 2012
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Industries, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hisashi Amaya, Kazuhiro Ogawa, Akira Taniyama, Masakatsu Ueda, Hideki Takabe
  • Patent number: 8153055
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel contains no expensive elements such as Mo and W, is free from the oxidation resistance loss caused by addition of Cu, and thereby has excellent levels of oxidation resistance (including water vapor oxidation resistance), thermal fatigue property, and high-temperature fatigue property. The ferritic stainless steel contains, in mass %, C at 0.015% or less, Si at 0.4 to 1.0%, Mn at 1.0% or less, P at 0.040% or less, S at 0.010% or less, Cr at 16 to 23%, Al at 0.2 to 1.0%, N at 0.015% or less, Cu at 1.0 to 2.5%, Nb at 0.3 to 0.65%, Ti at 0.5% or less, Mo at 0.1% or less, and W at 0.1% or less, the Si and the Al satisfying a relation Si (%)?Al (%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Yasushi Kato, Takumi Ujiro
  • Patent number: 8152937
    Abstract: Disclosed is a ferritic stainless steel sheet which has excellent corrosion resistance against sulfuric acid in the high-temperature environment and shows less surface roughness at a bent part which is bent at 90° or more. Specifically disclosed is a ferritic stainless steel sheet which has the following chemical composition: C: 0.02 mass % or less, Si: 0.05 to 0.8 mass %, Mn: 0.5 mass % or less, P: 0.04 mass % or less, S: 0.010 mass % or less, Al: 0.10 mass % or less, Cr: 20 to 24 mass % Cu: 0.3 to 0.8 mass %, Ni: 0.5 mass % or less, Nb: 0.20 to 0.55 mass %, and N: 0.02 mass % or less, with the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities; and which has such a structure that the maximum particle diameter of an S-containing precipitate is 5 ?m or smaller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 10, 2012
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tomohiro Ishii, Yoshimasa Funakawa, Takumi Ujiro, Masayuki Ohta
  • Publication number: 20120014830
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel excellent in heat resistance and workability which contains, by mass %, C: 0.02% or less, N: 0.02% or less, Si: 2% or less, Mn: 2% or less, Cr: 10 to 20%, Cu: 0.4 to 3%, Ti: 0.01 to 0.5%, and B: 0.0002 to 0.0030% and has a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2010
    Publication date: January 19, 2012
    Inventors: Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Akihiko Takahashi, Yoshiharu Inoue, Shinichi Teraoka
  • Patent number: 8071017
    Abstract: A cobalt-free low cost high strength martensitic stainless steel, with concentration of Ni up to 3.0% and Mo up to 1.0% of weight, has HRC of 53, UTS of 297 ksi, YS of 220 ksi, Charpy V-notch impact energy of 17.8 ft-lb, corrosion resistance in salt spray test ASTM 117. The steel was melted in an open induction furnace and vacuum arc remelting (VAR) and/or electroslag remelting (ESR) were not used to refine the steel. Further processing included homogenized annealing, hot rolling, and recrystallization annealing. The steel was heat treated by oil quenching, refrigeration, and low tempering. The steel has a microstructure consisting essentially of small packets of fine martensite laths, retained austenite, and carbides as centers of growth of the martensite laths. The cost and energy in making the steel are substantially reduced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Inventors: Vladimir A. Fedchun, Gregory Vartanov
  • Publication number: 20110293464
    Abstract: A stainless steel and a flat cold product produced therefrom, which can be easily produced in an economical manner. A steel according to the invention, in the cold-rolled state, has a microstructure with 5-15% by volume ?-ferrite and austenite as the remainder. It contains (in % by weight): C: 0.05-0.14%, Si: 0.1-1.0%, Mn: 4.0-12.0%, Cr: >17.5-22.0%, Ni: 1.0-4.0%, Cu: 1.0-3.0%, N: 0.03-0.2%, P: max. 0.07%, S: max. 0.01%, Mo: max. 0.5%, optionally one or more elements from the group consisting of Ti, Nb, B, V, Al, Ca, As, Sn, Sb, Pb, Bi, and H wherein Ti: max. 0.02%, Nb: max. 0.1%, B: max. 0.004%, V: max. 0.1%, Al: 0.001-0.03%, Ca: 0.0005-0.003%, As: 0.003-0.015%, Sn: 0.003-0.01%, Pb: max. 0.01%, Bi: max. 0.01%, H: max. 0.0025%, and remainder Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Publication date: December 1, 2011
    Applicant: THYSSENKRUPP NIROSTA GMBH
    Inventors: Cornel Abratis, Lutz Ernenputsch, Wilfried Klos, Hans-Joachim Krautschick, Michael Sachtleber
  • Publication number: 20110236248
    Abstract: The present invention provides high purity ferrite stainless steel able to reduce deterioration in surface conditions due to pitting corrosion or rusting or other corrosion to an extent no different from SUS304 or better without inviting a drop in manufacturability or workability and without relying on the addition of rare elements, and a method of production of the same, that is, ferritic stainless steel containing, by mass %, C: 0.01% or less, Si: 0.01 to 0.20%, Mn: 0.01 to 0.30%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: 13 to 22%, N: 0.001 to 0.020%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.35%, Al: 0.005 to 0.050%, Sn: 0.001 to 1%, and a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities to which Sn is added to modify the passive film and improve the corrosion resistance. To improve the effect of modification of the passive film by the addition of Sn, after the final annealing, the steel is held in the 200 to 700° C. temperature range for 1 minute or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2009
    Publication date: September 29, 2011
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Akihiko Takahashi
  • Patent number: 8017070
    Abstract: A method of sintering a 17-4PH alloy powder and a sintered 17-4PH sintered part are disclosed. The part is formed by selective laser sintering a 17-4PH alloy powder and binder mixture to form a green part that is sintered to form a part having a substantially pure martensitic structure. The metal powder includes boron. The sintered part may be further processed by shot peening to improve crack resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 17, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Steven C. Low, Jerry G. Clark, Neal W Muylaert, Richard J. Nord, Blair E. Thompson, Bryan E. Ake, Reid W. Williams
  • Publication number: 20110217566
    Abstract: Corrosion-resistant steel for chimney/flue use in natural gas-fired or liquefied petroleum gas-fired plants, containing C: 0.005% to 0.030%, Si: 0.18% to 0.50%, Mn: 1.50% to less than 3.00, P: 0.030% or less, S: 0.0050% or less, Cr: 4.0% to 9.0%, Al: 0.20% to 1.50%, and N: 0.020% or less and able to prevent advanced pitting or other localized corrosion and the resultant hole formation and rust aerial dispersal is provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2010
    Publication date: September 8, 2011
    Inventors: Matoko Nagasawa, Kenji Katoh, Naoki Saitoh, Masayuki Kodama, Mutsuto Tanaka, Fumiaki Nakamura
  • Patent number: 7985372
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel sheet for use in raw material pipes for forming bellows pipes has excellent formability. More specifically, the ferritic stainless steel sheet contains 10 % to 25 % by mass of Cr and has a yield stress in the range of 300 to 450 MPa and the product of the yield stress and the uniform elongation properties of at least 5200 (MPa·%). Preferably, the ferritic stainless steel sheet for use in raw material pipes for forming bellows pipes has an average crystal grain size D of 35 ?m or less or a surface roughness of 0.40 ?m or less as determined by Ra.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2011
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Yoshihiro Ozaki, Yasushi Kato, Takaaki Iguchi