Molybdenum Or Tungsten Containing Patents (Class 420/61)
  • Patent number: 11318640
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel is produced by continuously casting a melt comprising 0.0.04%-0.065% by weight C, about 0.25%-0.5% by weight Si, about 0.9%-1.2% by weight Mn, up to 0.025% P by weight, about 0.1%-0.16% by weight S, about 11.9%-12.8% by weight Cr, up to about 0.35% by weight Ni, about 0.5%-0.65% by weight Cu, about 0.03%-0.06% by weight N, about 0.02%-0.1% by weight V, and the balance being Fe with residual impurities, at a temperature between 2730° F. to 2820° F. and a specific casting speed to form a continuous strand of the alloy while not splitting or cracking. The strand is cut to length to form a slab which is descaled and hot worked during the subsequent hot working process where its thickness is reduced to form a plate of a specific gauge and width while not splitting or cracking at a segregation line through the slab and plate during hot working. Hot working of the continuously cast slab may be provided by either rolling or forging or a combination of both. The mold plate is air cooled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2019
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2022
    Assignee: EDRO SPECIALTY STEELS, INC.
    Inventors: Terry O. Henn, Kristopher D. Welch, Christian A. Rottmair, Robert J. Friedrich, Michael A. Guscott
  • Patent number: 11162150
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for manufacturing a superior 13Cr tool coupler, which method comprises the following steps: manufacturing a blank; forging the blank; heating the forged blank to 600-700° C. for a stress-relief annealing; quenching; and tempering. The present technical solution can produce a superior 13Cr tool coupler which achieves a mechanic feature of 110 ksi.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: November 2, 2021
    Assignee: Baoshan Iron & Steel Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Peng Zhao, Jie Yu, Shaofeng Liu, Chunxia Zhang, Minghua Wang
  • Patent number: 10933558
    Abstract: For the first time, components can be produced from MAX-phases due to the use of an additive production method. A method for producing a component from MAX phases, in particular from Ti3SiC2 and/or Cr2AlC, in which an additive manufacturing process is disclosed. Powder is applied layer by layer and densified, the grain sizes of the powder lying at 10 ?m to 60 ?m, in which the scanning speed between the energy beam of the laser or electron beam and substrate with powder lies between 400 mm/s and 2000 mm/s, in particular at 1000 mm/s to 1500 mm/s, in which the power output is between 80 W and 250 W, in particular is 100 W to 170 W, in which a spot size of the energy beam lies between 30 ?m and 300 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 2, 2021
    Inventors: Timo Depka, Arturo Flores Renteria, Britta Stöhr, Michael Ott, Sebastian Piegert
  • Patent number: 10077490
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the application of at least partially bainitic or interstitial martensitic heat treatments on steels, often tool steels or steels that can be used for tools. The first tranche of the heat treatment implying austenitization is applied so that the steel presents a low enough hardness to allow for advantageous shape modification, often trough machining. Thus a steel product is obtained which can be shaped with ease and whose hardness can be raised to a higher working hardness with a simple heat treatment at low temperature (below austenitization temperature).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2018
    Assignee: VALLS BESITZ GMBH
    Inventor: Isaac Valls
  • Patent number: 10072323
    Abstract: This hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a steel composition containing, in terms of % by mass: 0.02% or less of C; 0.02% or less of N; 0.1% to 1.5% of Si; 1.5% or less of Mn; 0.035% or less of P; 0.010% or less of S; 1.5% or less of Ni; 10% to 20% of Cr; 1.0% to 3.0% of Cu; 0.08% to 0.30% of Ti; and 0.3% or less of Al, with the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a Vickers hardness of less than 235 Hv.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2018
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Masaaki Kobayashi, Yuuji Koyama, Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue, Ken Kimura, Jun Takahashi, Shigeyuki Gotoh
  • Patent number: 9914986
    Abstract: A method for producing a wear-resistant and corrosion-resistant stainless steel part for a nuclear reactor is provided. This method includes steps of providing a tubular blank in austenitic stainless steel whose carbon content is equal to or lower than 0.03% by weight; shaping the blank; finishing the blank to form the cladding; hardening the outer surface of the cladding by diffusing one or more atomic species; the blank, before the providing step or during the shaping or finishing step, being subjected to at least one hyper quenching with sub-steps of: heating the blank to a sufficient temperature and for a sufficient time to solubilize any precipitates present; quenching the blank at a rate allowing the austenitic structure to be maintained in a metastable state at ambient temperature and free of precipitates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 13, 2018
    Assignee: AREVA NP
    Inventor: Dominique Hertz
  • Patent number: 9856551
    Abstract: A ferritic-austenitic stainless steel having a microstructure containing 35-65 vol-% ferrite and 35-65 vol-% austenite has a chemical composition which contains in weight-%: 0.005-0.07 C, 0.1-2.0 Si, 3-8 Mn, 19-23 Cr, 0.5-1.7 Ni, optionally Mo and/or W in a total amount of max 1.0 (Mo+W/2), optionally Cu up to max 1.0 Cu, 0.15-0.30 N, balance iron and impurities. The following conditions apply for the chromium and nickel equivalents: 20<Creq<24.5, 10<Nieq, where Creq=Cr+1.5 Si+Mo+2 Ti+0.5 Nb, and Nieq=Ni+0.5 Mn+30 (C+N)+0.5 (Cu+Co).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 29, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 2, 2018
    Assignee: OUTOKUMPU STAINLESS AKTIEBOLAG
    Inventors: Elisabeth Alfonsson, Jun Wang, Mats Liljas, Per Johansson
  • Patent number: 9399809
    Abstract: This hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a steel composition containing, in terms of % by mass: 0.02% or less of C; 0.02% or less of N; 0.1% to 1.5% of Si; 1.5% or less of Mn; 0.035% or less of P; 0.010% or less of S; 1.5% or less of Ni; 10% to 20% of Cr; 1.0% to 3.0% of Cu; 0.08% to 0.30% of Ti; and 0.3% or less of Al, with the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a Vickers hardness of less than 235 Hv.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Masaaki Kobayashi, Yuuji Koyama, Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue, Ken Kimura, Jun Takahashi, Shigeyuki Gotoh
  • Patent number: 9309585
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are iron-based alloys having a microstructure comprising a fine-grained ferritic matrix and having a 60+ Rockwell C surface, wherein the ferritic matrix comprises <10 ?m Nb and W carbide precipitates. Also disclosed are methods of welding comprising forming a crack free hardbanding weld overlay coating with such an iron-based alloy. Also disclosed are methods of designing an alloy capable of forming a crack free hardbanding weld overlay, the methods comprising the steps of determining an amorphous forming epicenter composition, determining a variant composition having a predetermined change in constituent elements from the amorphous forming epicenter composition, and forming and analyzing an alloy having the variant composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 12, 2016
    Assignee: Scoperta, Inc.
    Inventors: Justin Lee Cheney, John Hamilton Madok
  • Patent number: 9303301
    Abstract: A boron-containing stainless steel having excellent hot workability and weldability and a good surface quality is proposed and is a boron-containing stainless steel comprising C: 0.001-0.15 mass %, Si: 0.1-2 mass %, Mn: 0.1-2 mass %, Ni: 5-25 mass %, Cr: 11-27 mass %, B: 0.05-2.5 mass %, Al: 0.005-0.2 mass %, O: 0.0001-0.01 mass %, N: 0.001-0.1 mass %, S: not more than 0.005 mass %, one or both of Mg: 0.0001-0.005 mass % and Ca: 0.0001-0.005 mass % and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities provided that a part of Si, Al, Mg, Ca and S is included as a non-metallic inclusion made of sulfide and/or oxysulfide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON YAKIN KOGYO CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hidekazu Todoroki
  • Patent number: 9090957
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel oil country tubular good contains, by mass, 0.005% to 0.1% C, 0.05% to 1% Si, 1.5% to 5% Mn, at most 0.05% P, at most 0.01% S, 9% to 13% Cr, at most 0.5% Ni, at most 2% Mo, at most 2% Cu, 0.001% to 0.1% Al, and 0.001% to 0.1% N, with the balance being Fe and impurities, and the pipe has a Cr-depleted region under the surface. The martensitic stainless steel oil country tubular good according to the present invention does not have a passive film on the surface and corrodes wholly at low speed. In addition, the Ni content is reduced, which allows uneven corrosion to be prevented. Therefore, SCC can be prevented from being generated in spite of the presence of a Cr-depleted region.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hisashi Amaya, Kunio Kondo, Masakatsu Ueda
  • Publication number: 20150050180
    Abstract: The present invention relates to duplex ferritic austenitic stainless steel for the use chemical industry for nitric acid environments wherein good uniform corrosion resistance and high strength are required. The microstructure of the stainless steel has 35-65 volume % of ferrite, preferably 45-55 volume % of ferrite, the balance being austenite. The chemical composition contains less than 0.03 weight % carbon, less than 1 weight % silicon, less than 3 weight % manganese, 26-29.5 weight % chromium, 5-8.5 weight % nickel, 1-3 weight % molybdenum, 0.25-0.35 weight % nitrogen, 1-3 weight % copper, the rest being iron and inevitable impurities occurring in stainless steels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 1, 2012
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventors: Alexander Thulin, Jan Y. Jonsson, Mats Liljas, Rachel Pettersson, Jan-Olof Andersson, Staffan Hertzman
  • Publication number: 20150044085
    Abstract: To provide a ferritic stainless steel sheet which has high scale spalling even at a high temperature around 1000° C. Provided is a ferritic stainless steel sheet having excellent Mn-containing oxide film-forming ability and scale spalling ability, containing, in terms of mass %: C: 0.001 to 0.020%, N: 0.001 to 0.020%, Si: 0.10 to 0.40%, Mn: 0.20 to 1.00%, Cr: 16.0 to 20.0%, Nb: 0.30 to 0.80%, Mo: 1.80 to 2.40%, W: 0.05 to 1.40%, Cu: 1.00 to 2.50%, and B: 0.0003 to 0.0030%, in which the above-mentioned components are contained satisfying the formula (1) below, and the balance is composed of Fe and inevitable impurities. At least one of N, Al, V, Mg, Sn, Co, Zr, Hf, and Ta may be added in a predetermined content range.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 8, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Norihiro Kanno, Junichi Hamada, Yoshiharu Inoue
  • Patent number: 8940110
    Abstract: An iron-based corrosion resistant and wear resistant alloy includes (in weight percentage) carbon from about 1.6 to 3%, silicon from about 0.8 to 2.1%, manganese up to 1.0%, chromium from about 12.0 to 15.0%, molybdenum from about 2.0 to 4.0%, nickel from about 0.2 to 0.8%, copper up to 4.0%, boron up to 0.5%, and the balance including iron and incidental impurities. The alloy is suitable for use in elevated temperature applications such as in valve seat inserts for combustion engines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: L. E. Jones Company
    Inventors: Cong Yue Qiao, David M. Doll
  • Publication number: 20150023832
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel is provided having a chemical composition consisting of, by mass %, C: 0.003% or more and 0.015% or less, Si: 0.05% or more and 0.30% or less, Mn: 0.10% or more and 0.35% or less, P: 0.06% or less, S: 0.02% or less, Cr: 17.0% or more and 19.0% or less, Ni: more than 0.10% and 0.30% or less, Ti: 0.10% or more and 0.40% or less, Nb: 0.005% or more and less than 0.050%, Mo: less than 0.20%, N: 0.005% or more and 0.015% or less, Cu: 0.30% or more and 0.50% or less, Mg: less than 0.0005% and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 7, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Takashi Samukawa, Kunio Fukuda, Masataka Yoshino, Hiroki Ota, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Publication number: 20140363328
    Abstract: Provided is ferritic stainless steel that realizes high corrosion resistance of a welded zone and that has high resistance to weld cracking. The ferritic stainless steel contains, by mass %, C: 0.001% to 0.030%, Si: 0.03% to 0.80%, Mn: 0.05% to 0.50%, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.01% or less, Cr: 19.0% to 28.0%, Ni: 0.01% to less than 0.30%, Mo: 0.2% to 3.0%, Al: more than 0.15% to 1.2%, V: 0.02% to 0.50%, Cu: less than 0.1%, Ti: 0.05% to 0.50%, N: 0.001% to 0.030%, and Nb: less than 0.05%. The expression Nb×P?0.0005 is satisfied in which each element symbol represents the content (by mass %) of the element, and the balance is Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 13, 2012
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Tomohiro Ishii, Shin Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Patent number: 8900511
    Abstract: The present invention relates a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel, containing, by weight percent, 0.01 to 0.06% of C, 0.10 to 0.50% of Si, 20.5 to 24.5% of Mn, 0.040% or less of P, 0.010% or less of S, 3.1 to 6.0% of Ni, 0.10 to 0.80% of Cu, 20.5 to 24.5% of Cr, 0.10 to 1.50% of Mo, 0.0010 to 0.0050% of B, 0.010% or less of O, 0.65 to 0.90% of N, and the remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities; the steel satisfying the following formulae (1) to (4): [Cr]+3.3×[Mo]+16×[N]?30??(1), {Ni}/{Cr}?0.15??(2), 2.0?[Ni]/[Mo]?30.0??(3), and [C]×1000/[Cr]?2.5??(4), wherein [Cr], [Mo], [N], [Ni], [Mo] and [C] represent the content of Cr, the content of Mo, the content of N, the content of Ni, the content of Mo and the content of C in the steel, respectively, and {Ni} represents the sum of [Ni], [Cu] and [N], and {Cr} represents the sum of [Cr] and [Mo]. The present invention further relates to a high-strength nonmagnetic stainless steel part containing the steel and a process for producing the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Daido Tokushuko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Koichi Ishikawa, Tetsuya Shimizu
  • Patent number: 8900380
    Abstract: The present invention provides an optimum low-chromium stainless steel which prevents corrosion resistance degradation of a weld in the case of welding a low-chromium stainless steel utilizing martensite transformation in multiple passes (multipass), is excellent in weld intergranular corrosion resistance even in a severe corrosion environment, simultaneously avoids occurrence of preferential corrosion at the bond-bordering region of the weld heat-affected zone, and is also excellent in productivity, which low-chromium stainless steel comprises, in mass %, C: 0.015 to 0.025%, N: 0.008 to 0.014%, Si: 0.2 to 1.0%, Mn: 1.0 to 1.5%, P: 0.04% or less, S: 0.03% or less, Cr: 10 to 13%, Ni 0.2 to 1.5%, and Al: 0.005 to 0.1% or less, and further comprises Ti: 6×(C %+N %) or greater and 0.25% or less, the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the contents of the elements satisfy specified expressions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Shunji Sakamoto, Masuhiro Fukaya
  • Patent number: 8894924
    Abstract: This ferrite stainless steel includes: by mass %, C: 0.020% or less; N: 0.025% or less; Si: 1.0% or less; Mn: 0.5% or less; P: 0.035% or less; S: 0.01% or less; Cr: 16% to 25%; Al: 0.15% or less; Ti: 0.05% to 0.5%; and Ca: 0.0015% or less, with the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the following formula (1) is fulfilled, BI=3Al+Ti+0.5Si+200Ca?0.8??(1) (wherein Al, Ti, Si, and Ca in the formula (1) represent contents (mass %) of the respective components in the steel).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 5, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 25, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Tooru Matsuhashi, Michio Nakata
  • Publication number: 20140308154
    Abstract: The invention provides ferritic stainless steels exhibiting good weldability and excellent corrosion resistance even under such welding conditions that sensitization is induced. The ferritic stainless steel includes, by mass %, C: 0.001 to 0.030%, Si: more than 0.3 to 0.55%, Mn: 0.05 to 0.50%, P: not more than 0.05%, S: not more than 0.01%, Cr: 19.0 to 28.0%, Ni: 0.01 to less than 0.30%, Mo: 0.2 to 3.0%, Al: more than 0.08 to 1.2%, V: 0.02 to 0.50%, Cu: less than 0.1%, Nb: 0.005 to 0.50%, Ti: 0.05 to 0.50%, and N: 0.001 to 0.030%, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, the ferritic stainless steel satisfying Equations (1) and (2).
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 28, 2012
    Publication date: October 16, 2014
    Inventors: Tomohiro Ishii, Shin Ishikawa, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Publication number: 20140294658
    Abstract: Provided is a ferritic stainless steel excellent in terms of thermal fatigue resistance and oxidation resistance without adding Mo or W, which is an expensive chemical element and with controlling Nb content to be as small as possible. The chemical composition contains, by mass %, C: 0.020% or less, Si: 3.0% or less, Mn: 3.0% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.030% or less, Cr: 10% to 25%, N: 0.020% or less, Nb: 0.005% to 0.15%, Al: less than 0.20%, Ti: 5×(C %+N %) to 0.5%, Mo: 0.1% or less, W: 0.1% or less, Cu: 0.55% to 2.0%, B: 0.0002% to 0.0050%, Ni: 0.05% to 1.0%, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, where C % and N % in the expression 5×(C %+N %) respectively represent the contents (mass %) of the chemical elements C and N.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Publication number: 20140294661
    Abstract: The ferritic stainless steel has a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.003% or more and 0.012% or less, Si: 0.30% or more and 0.60% or less, Mn: 0.10% or more and 0.35% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.020% or less, Cr: 17.0% or more and 19.0% or less, Ni: more than 0.10% and 0.30% or less, Ti: 0.10% or more and 0.40% or less, Nb: 0.005% or more and less than 0.050%, Mo: 0.20% or less, N: 0.005% or more and 0.015% or less, Cu: 0.3% or more and 0.5% or less, Mg: less than 0.0005%, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kunio Fukuda, Takashi Samukawa, Hiroki Ota, Tomohiro Ishii, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Patent number: 8845824
    Abstract: An austenitic heat-resisting cast steel is disclosed which is composed mainly of Fe and including 0.4˜0.6 wt % of C, 0.5˜1.0 wt % of Si, 2.1˜2.9 wt % of Mn, 2.1˜2.9 wt % of Ni, 18˜22 wt % of Cr, 1.0˜2.0 wt % of Nb, 2.0˜3.0 wt % of W, 0.25˜0.35 wt % of N and other inevitable impurities. More specifically, this austenitic heat-resisting cast steel can beneficially be applied to an exhaust manifold of an automobile to realize a maximum allowable exhaust gas temperature of the exhaust manifold is 950° C.˜1050° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Kia Motors Corporation
    Inventor: Jung Suk Lee
  • Publication number: 20140241931
    Abstract: Provided is a ferritic stainless steel excellent in terms of thermal fatigue resistance, high-temperature fatigue resistance and oxidation resistance without adding Mo or W, which is an expensive chemical element and with controlling Nb content to be as small as possible. The chemical composition contains, by mass %, C: 0.020% or less, Si: 3.0% or less, Mn: 3.0% or less, P: 0.040% or less, S: 0.030% or less, Cr: 10% to 25%, N: 0.020% or less, Nb: 0.005% to 0.15%, Al: 0.20% to 3.0%, Ti: 5×(C %+N %) to 0.5%, Mo: 0.1% or less, W: 0.1% or less, Cu: 0.55% to 2.0%, B: 0.0002% to 0.0050%, Ni: 0.05% to 1.0%, and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, where C % and N % in the expression 5×(C %+N %) respectively represent the contents (mass %) of the chemical elements C and N.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 11, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tetsuyuki Nakamura, Hiroki Ota, Hiroyuki Ogata
  • Patent number: 8808471
    Abstract: A martensitic stainless steel alloy is strengthened by copper-nucleated nitride precipitates. The alloy includes, in combination by weight percent, about 10.0 to about 12.5 Cr, about 2.0 to about 7.5 Ni, up to about 17.0 Co, about 0.6 to about 1.5 Mo, about 0.5 to about 2.3 Cu, up to about 0.6 Mn, up to about 0.4 Si, about 0.05 to about 0.15 V, up to about 0.10 N, up to about 0.035 C, up to about 0.01 W, and the balance Fe and incidental elements and impurities. The nitride precipitates may be enriched by one or more transition metals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: QuesTek Innovations LLC
    Inventors: James A. Wright, Gregory B. Olson, Weijia Tang
  • Publication number: 20140216614
    Abstract: The present invention focuses on Sn and has as its problem to not only improve the corrosion resistance and rust resistance of Cr-containing ferritic stainless steel but also improve the ridging resistance. The present invention derives the relationship between Ap, which shows the ?-phase rate at 1100° C. due to a predetermined ingredient, and Sn in ferritic stainless steel which becomes a dual phase structure of ?+? in the hot rolling temperature region, applies and adds Sn, and hot rolls the steel to give a total rolling rate of 15% or more in 1100° C. or higher hot rolling to thereby obtain ferritic stainless steel sheet which has good ridging resistance, which also has excellent corrosion resistance and rust resistance, and which can be applied to general durable consumer goods: 0.060?Sn?0.634?0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 18, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Inventors: Masaharu Hatano, Eiichiro Ishimaru, Akihiko Takahashi, Ken Kimura, Shinichi Teraoka
  • Publication number: 20140219856
    Abstract: The invention relates a duplex ferritic austenitic stainless steel having high formability utilizing the TRIP effect and high corrosion resistance with the balanced pitting resistance equivalent. The duplex stainless steel contains less than 0.04 weight % carbon, less than 0.7 weight % silicon, less than 2.5 weight % manganese, 18.5-22.5 weight % chromium, 0.8-4.5 weight % nickel, 0.6-1.4 weight % molybdenum, less than 1 weight % copper, 0.10-0.24 weight % nitrogen, the rest being iron and inevitable impurities occurring in stainless steels.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 5, 2012
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicant: OUTOKUMPU OYJ
    Inventors: James Oliver, Jan Y. Jonsson, Alexander Thulin
  • Patent number: 8790573
    Abstract: A ferritic Cr-contained steel having a reduced thermal expansion coefficient is provided. The ferritic Cr-contained steel contains C of 0.03% or less, Mn of 5.0% or less, Cr of 6 to 40%, N of 0.03% or less, Si of 5% or less, and W of 2.0% to 6.0% in percent by mass, and Fe and inevitable impurities as the remainder, wherein precipitated W is 0.1% or less in percent by mass, and an average thermal expansion coefficient between 20° C. and 800° C. is less than 12.6×10-6/° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2004
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Miyazaki, Yasushi Kato, Osamu Furukimi
  • Patent number: 8778260
    Abstract: The present invention provides duplex stainless steel superior in corrosion resistance in a chloride environment and impact properties suitable as a material for pumps for seawater desalination plants, facilities and equipment, and materials for chemical tanks, that is, duplex stainless steel characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.06% or less, Si: 0.05 to 3.0%, Mn: 0.1 to 6.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Ni: 1.0 to 10.0%, Cr: 18 to 30%, Mo: 5.0% or less, Cu: 3.0% or less, N: 0.10 to 0.40%, Al: 0.001 to 0.08% or less, Ti: 0.003 to 0.05%, Mg: 0.0001 to 0.0030%, and O: 0.010% or less, having a product of an activity coefficient fN of N, Ti content, and N content fN×Ti×N of 0.00004%2 or more, and having a product of Ti content and N content Ti×N of 0.008%2 or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinji Tsuge, Yuusuke Oikawa, Shigeo Fukumoto
  • Publication number: 20140154129
    Abstract: Stainless steel for fuel cell separators contains C: ?0.03%, Si: ?1.0%, Mn: ?1.0%, S: ?0.01%, P: ?0.05%, Al: ?0.20%, N: ?0.03%, Cr: 16 to 40%, and one or more of Ni: ?20%, Cu: ?0.6% and Mo: ?2.5%, the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities. According to X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, the surface of the stainless steel contains fluorine and provides a 3.0 or higher ratio of the total of atomic concentrations of Cr and Fe in other than the metallic forms calculated from data resulting from the separation of peaks of Cr and Fe into metallic peaks and peaks other than the metallic peaks to the total of atomic concentrations of Cr and Fe in the metallic forms calculated from data resulting from the separation of peaks of Cr and Fe into metallic peaks and peaks other than the metallic peaks.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Noriko Makiishi, Hisato Noro, Shin Ishikawa, Shinsuke Ide, Tomohiro Ishii, Masayasu Nagoshi
  • Publication number: 20140140883
    Abstract: A quench and temper steel alloy is disclosed having the following composition in weight percent. C 0.2-0.5 Mn 0.1-1.0 Si 0.1-1.2 Cr ??9-14.5 Ni 3.0-5.5 Mo 1-2 Cu ??0-1.0 Co 1-4 W 0.2 max. V 0.1-1.0 Ti up to 0.5 Nb ??0-0.5 Ta ??0-0.5 Al ??0-0.25 Ce ??0-0.01 La ??0-0.01 The balance of the alloy is iron and the usual impurities including not more than about 0.01% phosphorus, not more than about 0.010% sulfur, and not more than about 0.10% nitrogen. A quenched and tempered steel article made from this alloy is also disclosed. The steel article is characterized by a tensile strength of at least about 290 ksi, a fracture toughness (KIc) of at least about 65 ksi, good resistance to general corrosion, and good resistance to pitting corrosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 22, 2014
    Applicant: CRS HOLDINGS, INC.
    Inventor: David E. Wert
  • Publication number: 20140076260
    Abstract: An iron-based corrosion resistant and wear resistant alloy includes (in weight percentage) carbon from about 1.6 to 3%, silicon from about 0.8 to 2.1%, manganese up to 1.0%, chromium from about 12.0 to 15.0%, molybdenum from about 2.0 to 4.0%, nickel from about 0.2 to 0.8%, copper up to 4.0%, boron up to 0.5%, and the balance including iron and incidental impurities. The alloy is suitable for use in elevated temperature applications such as in valve seat inserts for combustion engines.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 15, 2012
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: L. E. Jones Company
    Inventors: Cong Yue Qiao, David M. Doll
  • Publication number: 20140065005
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steels with good oxidation resistance, and good high temperature strength and good formability are produced with Ti addition and low Al content for room temperature formability resulting from equiaxed as-cast grain structures. Columbium (niobium) and copper are added for high temperature strength. Silicon and manganese are added for oxidation resistance. The ferritic stainless steels provide better oxidation resistance than ferritic stainless steels of 18Cr-2Mo and 15Cr—Cb—Ti—Si—Mn. In addition, they are generally less costly to produce than 18Cr-2Mo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventor: Eizo Yoshitake
  • Publication number: 20140065006
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steels with good oxidation resistance, good high temperature strength, and good formability are produced with Ti addition and low Al content for room temperature formability resulting from equiaxed as-cast grain structures. Columbium (niobium) and copper are added for high temperature strength. Silicon and manganese are added for oxidation resistance. The ferritic stainless steels provide better oxidation resistance than ferritic stainless steels of 18Cr—2Mo and 15Cr-Cb-Ti—Si—Mn. In addition, they are generally less costly to produce than 18Cr—2Mo.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventor: Eizo Yoshitake
  • Patent number: 8663403
    Abstract: A precipitation-hardened stainless steel alloy comprises, by weight: about 14.0 to about 16.0 percent chromium; about 6.0 to about 8.0 percent nickel; about 1.25 to about 1.75 percent copper; greater than about 1.5 to about 2.0 percent molybdenum; about 0.001 to about 0.025 percent carbon; niobium in an amount greater than about twenty times that of carbon; and the balance iron and incidental impurities. The alloy has an aged microstructure and an ultimate tensile strength of at least about 1100 MPa and a Charpy V-notch toughness of at least about 69 J. In one embodiment, the aged microstructure includes martensite and not more than about 10% reverted austenite. In another embodiment, the alloy includes substantially all martensite and substantially no reverted austenite. The alloy is useful for making turbine airfoils.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Jianqiang Chen, Thomas Michael Moors, Jon Conrad Schaeffer
  • Publication number: 20140030134
    Abstract: A purpose of the present invention is to provide a martensitic stainless steel applicable in environments involving both wet carbon dioxide gas and wet hydrogen sulfide and excellent in weldability, manufacturability, and resistance to strain age hardening. Provided is a martensitic stainless steel having excellent corrosion resistance and resistance to strain age hardening comprising, in percent by mass, 0.02% or less of C, 0.02% or less of N, 0.1 to 0.5% of Si, 0.1 to 0.5% of Mn, 10 to 13% Cr, Ni exceeding 5.0% but 8% or less, 1.5 to 3% of Mo, 0.01 to 0.05% of V, 0.16 to 0.30% of Zr, 0.01 to 0.05% of Ta, and the balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, wherein the martensitic stainless steel satisfies the condition that the sum of the carbon and the nitrogen exceeds 0.02% but 0.04% or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 11, 2011
    Publication date: January 30, 2014
    Applicant: NKK TUBES
    Inventors: Shuji Hashizume, Yusuke Minami, Yu Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20140023550
    Abstract: The present invention provides ferritic stainless steel sheet which is excellent in heat resistance at 950° C. and workability at ordinary temperature, that is, ferritic stainless steel sheet excellent in heat resistance and workability which is characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.02% or less, N: 0.02% or less, Si: over 0.1 to 1.0%, Mn: 0.5% or less, P: 0.020 to 0.10%, Cr: 13.0 to 20.0%, Nb: 0.5 to 1.0%, Cu: 1.0 to 3.0%, Mo: 1.5 to 3.5%, W: 2.0% or less, B: 0.0001 to 0.0010%, and Al: 0.01 to 1.0% and having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, where Mo+W is made 2.0 to 3.5%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Inventors: Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue
  • Publication number: 20140023432
    Abstract: Ferritic stainless steel excellent in corrosion resistance of the weld zone, in particular the corrosion resistance to crevice corrosion, even if eliminating the Ar gas shield at the time of TIG welding and, furthermore, excellent in weld zone strength and a structure of the same are provided. By making the ingredient system one satisfying the following formula (1) in ferritic stainless steel which has predetermined contents of ingredients by mass % under a usual corrosive environment, it is possible to raise the corrosion resistance. Furthermore, under a severely corrosive environment, by making the relationship between the back surface exposed width of the weld bead and the steel sheet thickness satisfy the formula (2) in addition to the relationship of the ingredients prescribed in formula (1), it is possible to obtain a welded structure strong in crevice corrosion.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2012
    Publication date: January 23, 2014
    Inventors: Tooru Matsuhashi, Michio Nakata
  • Publication number: 20140003989
    Abstract: A duplex stainless steel containing, by mass %: C: not more than 0.03%, Si: not more than 0.3%, Mn: not more than 3.0%, P: not more than 0.040%, S: not more than 0.008%, Cu: 0.2 to 2.0%, Ni: 5.0 to 6.5%, Cr: 23.0 to 27.0%, Mo: 2.5 to 3.5%, W: 1.5 to 4.0%, and N: 0.24 to 0.40%, the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein a ? phase susceptibility index X (=2.2Si+0.5Cu+2.0Ni+Cr+4.2Mo+0.2W) is not more than 52.0; a strength index Y (=Cr+1.5Mo+10N+3.5W) is not less than 40.5; and a pitting resistance equivalent PREW (=Cr+3.3(Mo+0.5W)+16N) is not less than 40. This duplex stainless steel is excellent in corrosion resistance and embrittlement cracking resistance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 6, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Inventor: Shinnosuke Kurihara
  • Publication number: 20130343948
    Abstract: A nitrogen-rich two-phase stainless steel that has corrosion resistance equal to that of standard type of two-phase stainless steel and is not susceptible to corrosion in a welding heat-affected part, wherein the austenite phase area ratio is 40-70%, the PI value expressed by formula (1) is 30-38, the NI value expressed by formula (2) is 100-140, and the ?pre expressed by formula (3) is 1350-1450. (1) PI=Cr+3.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2012
    Publication date: December 26, 2013
    Inventors: Yusuke Oikawa, Shinji Tsuge, Hiroshige Inoue, Ryo Matsuhashi
  • Publication number: 20130336834
    Abstract: The present invention provides austenitic stainless steel which is not only excellent in brazeability, but is also excellent in corrosion resistance in an environment where condensation of combustion exhaust gas causes formation of condensed water which contains nitric acid ions or sulfuric acid ions and which is low in pH or in an environment of an aqueous solution which contains chloride ions, which contains, by mass %, C: 0.080% or less, Si: 1.2 to 3.0%, Mn: 0.4 to 2.0%, P: 0.03% or less, S: 0.003% or less, Ni: 6.0 to 12.0%, Cr: 16.0 to 20.0%, Cu: 0.2 to 3.0%, Al: 0.002 to 0.10%, N: 0.030 to 0.150%, and Mo: 0.1 to 1.0%, has a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, and satisfies Formula (A): 1.6?[Cu]×[Si?]4.4 and Formula (B): 0.16?2[N]+[Mo?]1.0.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2012
    Publication date: December 19, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMIKIN STAINLESS STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tooru Matsuhashi, Jun Tokunaga
  • Patent number: 8608873
    Abstract: A stainless steel and a flat cold product produced therefrom, which can be easily produced in an economical manner. A steel according to the invention, in the cold-rolled state, has a microstructure with 5-15% by volume ?-ferrite and austenite as the remainder. It contains (in % by weight): C: 0.05-0.14%, Si: 0.1-1.0%, Mn: 4.0-12.0%, Cr: >17.5-22.0%, Ni: 1.0-4.0%, Cu: 1.0-3.0%, N: 0.03-0.2%, P: max. 0.07%, S: max. 0.01%, Mo: max. 0.5%, optionally one or more elements from the group consisting of Ti, Nb, B, V, Al, Ca, As, Sn, Sb, Pb, Bi, and H wherein Ti: max. 0.02%, Nb: max. 0.1%, B: max. 0.004%, V: max. 0.1%, Al: 0.001-0.03%, Ca: 0.0005-0.003%, As: 0.003-0.015%, Sn: 0.003-0.01%, Pb: max. 0.01%, Bi: max. 0.01%, H: max. 0.0025%, and remainder Fe and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Outokumpu Nirosta GmbH
    Inventors: Cornel Abratis, Lutz Ernenputsch, Wilfried Klos, Hans-Joachim Krautschick, Michael Sachtleber
  • Patent number: 8608872
    Abstract: The problem to be solved is the provision of a high-strength stainless steel pipe having a sufficient corrosion resistance in a high-temperature carbonic acid gas environment and having an excellent sulfide stress cracking resistance at normal temperature. A high-strength stainless steel pipe consist of, by mass %, C: 0.05% or less, Si: 1.0% or less, P: 0.05% or less, S: less than 0.002%, Cr: more than 16% and 18% or less, Mo: more than 2% and 3% or less, Cu: 1% to 3.5%, Ni: 3% or more and less than 5%, Al: 0.001% to 0.1% and O: 0.01% or less, Mn: 1% or less and N: 0.05% or less, and Mn and N in the above ranges satisfy formula (1), and the balance being Fe and impurities; and the metal micro-structure of the stainless steel pipe mainly includes a martensitic phase and comprises 10 to 40% of a ferritic phase by volume fraction and 10% or less of a retained ?-phase by volume fraction. [Mn]×([N]?0.0045)?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Kunio Kondo, Hisashi Amaya, Hideki Takabe, Taro Ohe
  • Publication number: 20130316262
    Abstract: A ferritic stainless steel excellent in corrosion resistance and conductivity and a method for manufacturing the same, the stainless steel having a chemical composition containing, by mass %, C: 0.001% or more and 0.05% or less, Si: 0.001% or more and 0.5% or less, Mn: 0.001% or more and 1.0% or less, Al: 0.001% or more and 0.5% or less, N: 0.001% or more and 0.05% or less, Cr; 17% or more and 23% or less, Mo: 0.1% or less and the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities and a passivation film on the surface of the stainless steel which is obtained by immersing the stainless steel in a solution for an immersion treatment, said solution mainly contains hydrofluoric acid or a liquid mixture of hydrofluoric acid and nitric acid.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 6, 2011
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: JFE STEEL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tomohiro Ishii, Shin Ishikawa, Takumi Ujiro
  • Publication number: 20130315776
    Abstract: A duplex stainless steel, which can suppress precipitation of a ? phase under high heat input welding, is excellent in SCC resistance under high-temperature chloride environments and has a high strength. The duplex stainless steel includes a chemical composition containing, in mass percent, C: at most 0.030%, Si: 0.20 to 1.00%, Mn: at most 8.00%, P: at most 0.040%, S: at most 0.0100%, Cu: more than 2.00% and at most 4.00%, Ni: 4.00 to 8.00%, Cr: 20.0 to 28.0%, Mo: 0.50 to 2.00%, N: 0.100 to 0.350%, and sol. Al: at most 0.040%, the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfying Expression (1) and Expression (2); a structure having a ferrite rate of at least 50%; and a yield strength of at least 550 MPa or more: 2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kenta Yamada, Hiroyuki Nagayama, Masahiko Hamada, Daisuke Motoya, Hisashi Amaya
  • Publication number: 20130312880
    Abstract: Provided is a duplex stainless steel having a high strength and a high toughness. A stainless steel according to the present invention includes: a chemical composition containing, in mass percent, C: at most 0.030%, Si: 0.20 to 1.00%, Mn: at most 8.00%, P: at most 0.040%, S: at most 0.0100%, Cu: more than 2.00% and at most 4.00%, Ni: 4.00 to 8.00%, Cr: 20.0 to 30.0%, Mo: at least 0.50% and less than 2.00%, N: 0.100 to 0.350%, and sol. Al: at most 0.040%, the balance being Fe and impurities; and a structure, wherein a rate of ferrite in the structure is 30 to 70%, and a hardness of the ferrite in the structure is at least 300 Hv10gf.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORORATION
    Inventors: Daisuke Motoya, Masahiko Hamada, Hisashi Amaya, Hiroyuki Nagayama, Kenta Yamada
  • Publication number: 20130306204
    Abstract: This hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a steel composition containing, in terms of % by mass: 0.02% or less of C; 0.02% or less of N; 0.1% to 1.5% of Si; 1.5% or less of Mn; 0.035% or less of P; 0.010% or less of S; 1.5% or less of Ni; 10% to 20% of Cr; 1.0% to 3.0% of Cu; 0.08% to 0.30% of Ti; and 0.3% or less of Al, with the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and the hot-rolled ferritic stainless steel sheet has a Vickers hardness of less than 235 Hv.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumikin Stainless Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shinichi Teraoka, Masaaki Kobayashi, Yuuji Koyama, Junichi Hamada, Norihiro Kanno, Yoshiharu Inoue, Ken Kimura, Jun Takahashi, Shigeyuki Gotoh
  • Publication number: 20130294960
    Abstract: cost effective ferritic stainless steel exhibits improved corrosion resistance comparable to that observed on Type 304L steel. The ferritic stainless steel is substantially nickel-free, dual stabilized with titanium and columbium, and contains chromium, copper, and molybdenum.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 2, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Joseph A. Douthett, Shannon K. Craycraft
  • Publication number: 20130288074
    Abstract: This alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material contains, by mass %, C: 0.03% or less, Si: 0.05% to 1.0%, Mn: 0.5% to 7.0%, P: 0.05% or less, S: 0.010% or less, Ni: 0.1% to 5.0%, Cr: 18.0% to 25.0%, N: 0.05% to 0.30% and Al: 0.001% to 0.05%, with a remainder being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material is produced by hot rolling, a chromium nitride precipitation temperature TN is in a range of 960° C. or lower, a yield strength is 50 MPa or more higher than that of a hot rolled steel material which is subjected to a solution heat treatment, and the alloying element-saving hot rolled duplex stainless steel material is as hot rolled state, and is not subjected to a solution heat treatment. This clad steel plate includes a duplex stainless steel as a cladding material, the duplex stainless steel has the above composition, and the chromium nitride precipitation temperature TN is in a range of 800° C. to 970° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventors: Shinji Tsuge, Yuusuke Oikawa, Yoichi Yamamoto, Haruhiko Kajimura, Kazuhiko Ishida
  • Patent number: 8540933
    Abstract: An austenitic stainless steel alloy having the following composition in percent of weight (wt %): 0.02?C?0.06; Si<1.0; 2.0?Mn?6.0; 2.0?Ni?4.5; 17?Cr?19; 2.0?Cu?4.0; 0.15?N?0.25; 0?Mo?1.0; 0?W?0.3; 0?V?0.3; 0?Ti?0.5; 0?Al?1.0; 0?Nb?0.5; 0?Co?1.0; the balance Fe and normally occurring impurities, wherein the contents of the alloying elements are balanced so that the following conditions are fulfilled: Nieqv?1.42*Creqv??13.42; and Nieqv+0.85*Creqv?29.00 wherein Creqv=[% Cr]+2*[% Si]+1.5*[% Mo]+5*[% V]+5.5*[% Al]+1.75*[% Nb]+1.5*[% Ti]+0.75*[% W] Nieqv[% Ni]+[% Co]+0.5*[% Mn]+0.3*[% Cu]+25*[% N]+30*[% C]; and ?70° C.<MD30<?25° C., wherein MD30=(551?462*([% C]+[% N])?9.2*[% Si]?8.1*[% Mn]?13.7*[% Cr]?29*([% Ni]+[% Cu])?68*[% Nb]?18.5*[% Mo])° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Lars Nylöf, Anders Söderman