Over 0.05 Percent Sulfur, Over 0.04 Percent Phosphorus Or Sulfur Or Phosphorus Added In Any Amount To Promote Machinability Patents (Class 420/87)
  • Patent number: 10577685
    Abstract: A composition, method for depositing the composition on a downhole component, and a downhole tool. The composition includes about 0.25 wt % to about 1.25 wt % of carbon, about 1.0 wt % to about 3.5 wt % of manganese, about 0.1 wt % to about 1.4 wt % of silicon, about 1.0 wt % to about 3.0 wt % of nickel, about 0.0 to about 2.0 wt % of molybdenum, about 0.7 wt % to about 2.5 wt % of aluminum, about 1.0 wt % to about 2.7 wt % of vanadium, about 1.5 wt % to about 3.0 wt % of titanium, about 0.0 wt % to about 6.0 wt % of niobium, about 3.5 wt % to about 5.5 wt % of boron, about 0.0 wt % to about 10.0 wt % tungsten, and a balance of iron.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 9, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2020
    Assignee: INNOVEX DOWNHOLE SOLUTIONS, INC.
    Inventors: Joe Lynn Scott, John H. Gammage
  • Patent number: 9669961
    Abstract: A three-piece can includes a can body obtained by forming a steel sheet such that a roundness of the can is 0.34 mm or less. The steel sheet contains: by mass %, C: 0.020% or more and 0.100% or less; Si: 0.10% or less; Mn: 0.10% or more and 0.80% or less; P: 0.001% or more and 0.100% or less; S: 0.001% or more and 0.020% or less; Al: 0.005% or more and 0.100% or less; and N: 0.0130% or more and 0.0200% or less. The balance is Fe and inevitable impurities. The steel sheet has a yield strength of 440 MPa or more and a total elongation of 12% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2017
    Assignee: JFE Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Masaki Tada, Katsumi Kojima, Hiroki Nakamaru, Yoichi Tobiyama
  • Patent number: 9422613
    Abstract: This case hardened steel has a composition including, in mass %: C: 0.05 to 0.45%; Si: 0.01 to 1.0%; Mn: over 0 to 2.0%; Al: 0.001 to 0.06%, N: 0.002 to 0.03%, S: over 0 to 0.1%, P: over 0 to 0.05%; and balance: Fe and inevitable impurities. Equation (1) described below and Equation (2) described below are satisfied in equiaxed zone, or Equation (3) described below is satisfied in columnar zone. Re=(Ae/Ao)×100?30%??Equation (1) (Cmin, 1/Co)?0.95??Equation (2) (Cmin, 2/Co)?0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2016
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Kohichi Isobe, Masahiko Doe
  • Patent number: 9039962
    Abstract: A steel for an induction hardening including, by mass %, C: more than 0.75% to 1.20%, Si: 0.002 to 3.00%, Mn: 0.20 to 2.00%, S: 0.002 to 0.100%, Al: more than 0.050% to 3.00%, P: limited to 0.050% or less, N: limited to 0.0200% or less, O: limited to: 0.0030% or less, and the balance composing of iron and unavoidable impurities, wherein an Al content and a N content satisfy, by mass %, Al?(27/14)×N>0.050%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2015
    Assignee: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Manabu Kubota, Toshiharu Aiso, Kei Miyanishi
  • Publication number: 20150078955
    Abstract: A hot-rolled austenitic iron/carbon/manganese steel sheet is provided. The strength of which is greater than 900 MPa, the product (strength (in MPa)×elongation at fracture (in %)) of which is greater than 45000 and the chemical composition of which includes, the contents being expressed by weight 0.5%?C?0.7%, 17%?Mn?24%, Si?3%, Al?0.050%, S?0.030%, P?0.080% and N?0.1%. A remainder of the composition includes iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting. A recrystallized fraction of the structure of the steel is greater than 75%, a surface fraction of precipitated carbides of the steel is less than 1.5% and a mean grain size of the steel is less than 18 microns. A reinforcing element is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mohamed BOUZEKRI, Michel FARAL, Colin SCOTT
  • Publication number: 20150078954
    Abstract: A cold-rolled austenitic iron/carbon/manganese steel sheet is provided. The strength of which is greater than 950 MPa, the product (strength (in MPa)×elongation at fracture (in %)) of which is greater than 45000 and the chemical composition of which includes, the contents being expressed by weight 0.5%?C?0.7%, 17%?Mn?24%, Si?3%, Al?0.050%, S?0.030%, P?0.080% and N?0.1%. A remainder of the composition includes iron and inevitable impurities resulting from the smelting. A recrystallized fraction of the structure of the steel is greater than 75%, a surface fraction of precipitated carbides of the steel is less than 1.5% and a mean grain size of the steel is less than 6 microns. A reinforcing element is also provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 25, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mohamed BOUZEKRI, Michel FARAL, Colin SCOTT
  • Publication number: 20150020992
    Abstract: A non-scaling heat-treatable steel with particular suitability for producing hardened or die-hardened components is disclosed, characterized by the following chemical composition in % by weight: C 0.04-0.50; Mn 0.5-6.0; Al 0.5-3.0; Si 0.05-3.0; Cr 0.05-3.0; Ni less than 3.0; Cu less than 3.0; Ti 0.010-?0.050; B 0.0015-?0.0040; P less than 0.10; S less than 0.05; N less than 0.020; remainder iron and unavoidable impurities. Further disclosed is a method for producing a non-scaling hardened component from the steel and a method for producing a hot strip from a steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2013
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Joachim Schöttler, Friedrich Luther, Stefan Mütze
  • Publication number: 20150020929
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides specified ranges in the Fe—Mo—Ni—Cr—P—C—B alloys such that the alloys are capable of forming bulk glasses having unexpectedly high glass-forming ability. The critical rod diameter of the disclosed alloys is at least 10 mm.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 18, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Inventors: Jong Hyun Na, Michael Floyd, Glenn Garrett, Marios D. Demetriou, William L. Johnson
  • Patent number: 8845825
    Abstract: The present invention provides spring use heat treated steel which is cold coiled, can achieve both sufficient atmospheric strength and coilability, has a tensile strength of 2000 MPa or more, and can improve the performance as a spring by heat treatment after spring fabrication, that is, high strength spring-use heat treated steel characterized by containing, by mass %, C: 0.45 to 0.9%, Si: 1.7 to 3.0%, and Mn: 0.1 to 2.0%, restricting N: to 0.007% or less, having a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, and satisfying, in terms of the analyzed value of the extracted residue after heat treatment, [amount of Fe in residue on 0.2 ?m filter/[steel electrolysis amount]×100?1.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Masayuki Hashimura, Tatsuro Ochi, Takayuki Kisu, Hiroshi Hagiwara
  • Publication number: 20140237935
    Abstract: A high mechanical strength reinforcement, hot rolled steel, in particular, rebar suitable for construction in areas prone to seismic activity, comprising iron, at most 0.4 weight percent carbon, at most about 0.4 weight percent vanadium and/or niobium, at most about 1.6 weight percent of manganese, at most about 0.5 weight percent of silicon, and the usual residual elements of scrap steel. A method of reinforcing a dwelling from damage resulting from seismic activity, the method comprising providing, as a component of the dwelling, at least one high strength, hot rolled steel rebar with high mechanical strength which meets the requirements of construction, in particular, rebar suitable for construction in areas prone to seismic activity, comprising iron, at most 0.4 weight percent carbon, at most about 0.4 weight percent vanadium and/or niobium, at most about 1.6 weight percent of manganese, at most about 0.5 weight percent of silicon, and the usual residual elements of scrap steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2013
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: NUCOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: ERIK NISSEN, JEFFREY L. JANSON
  • Patent number: 8808472
    Abstract: A steel alloy suitable for holders and holder details for plastic molding tools contains in weight-%: 0.06-0.15 C, 0.07-0.22 N, wherein the total amount of C+N shall satisfy the condition, 0.16?C+N?0.26, 0.1-1.0 Si, 0.1-2.0 Mn, 12.5-14.5 Cr, 0.8-2.5 Ni, 0.1 1.5 Mo, optionally vanadium up to max. 0.7 V, optionally, in order to improve the machinability of the steel, one or more of the elements S, Ca and O in amounts up to max. 0.25 S, max. 0.01 (100 ppm) Ca, max. 0.01 (100 ppm) O, balance iron and unavoidable impurities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Uddeholms AB
    Inventors: Odd Sandberg, Magnus Tidesten
  • Patent number: 8802005
    Abstract: The present invention is steel for surface hardening for machine structural use which contains, by mass %, C: 0.3 to 0.6%, Si: 0.02 to 2.0%, Mn: 0.35 to less than 1.5%, and Al: 0.01 to 0.5%, is restricted to B: less than 0.0003%, S: 0.0001 to 0.021%, N: 0.003 to 0.0055%, P: 0.0001 to 0.03%, and O: 0.0001 to 0.0050%, has a ratio Mn/S of Mn and S satisfying 70 to 30,000, has a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities, and, when nitrided, then induction hardened, has a surface hardenability of a Vicker's hardness when tempered at 300° C. of 650 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 12, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Atsushi Mizuno, Masayuki Hashimura, Kei Miyanishi, Shuji Kozawa
  • Publication number: 20140193288
    Abstract: The present invention provides a spring steel, which is finally formed into a spring, by making use of, at a maximum, the temper softening resistance effect due to alloying elements while suppressing the formation of hard inclusions of SiO2 and the generation of decarburization, which may cause deterioration of fatigue characteristics of the spring. The spring steel is characterized by comprising, in % by mass, C: 0.50 to 0.70%, Si: 1.00 to 5.00%, Mn: 0.30 to 2.00%, P: 0.0002 to 0.0500%, S: 0.0002 to 0.0500%, Cr: 0.10 to 3.50%, Al: 0.0005 to 0.0500%, and N: 0.0020 to 0.0100%, with the balance being Fe and inevitable impurities, wherein the H-value defined by the following equation (a) is 160 or more, and the C-value defined by the following equation (b) is 3.25 or less: H=33.6[C]+10.0[Si]+5.95[Mn]+11.1[Cr]+90.0??(a), and C=[Si]/[Mn]??(b).
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 15, 2012
    Publication date: July 10, 2014
    Inventors: Shinya Teramoto, Manabu Kubota
  • Publication number: 20140178242
    Abstract: Non-post-heat treated steel contains: in mass %, C: 0.27 to 0.40%, Si: 0.15 to 0.70%, Mn: 0.55 to 1.50%, P: 0.010 to 0.070%, S: 0.05 to 0.15%, Cr: 0.10 to 0.60%, V: 0.030% or more and less than 0.150%, Ti: more than 0.10%, not more than 0.200%, Al: 0.002 to 0.050%, and N: 0.002 to 0.020%, and optionally one or more of Cu?0.40% and Ni?0.30%; the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein [Ti]?3.4[N]?1.5[S]<0, and 0.60<[C]+([Si]/10)+([Mn]/5)+(5[Cr]/22)+(33[V]/20)?(5[S]/7)<0.80. The steel can be used to make a high fatigue strength connecting rod for automobile engines which is fracture-split from a hot forged shape. The non-post-heat treated steel member can have vERT of 1.0 to 7.0 J/cm2, and ?w?450 MPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naoyuki Sano, Tatsuya Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8758893
    Abstract: The present invention provides enamelware and a glaze improving the bondability between the steel substrate and enamel layer and superior in resistance to dew point corrosion by sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid, that is, a steel substrate of a composition containing, by mass %, Cu: 0.05 to 0.5%, Si: 0.1 to 2.0%, Mn: 0.05 to 2.0%, P: 0.005 to 0.10%, and S: 0.005 to 0.1%, restricting C to C: 0.20% or less, and comprising a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities on the surface of which an enamel layer of a thickness of 50 to 700 ?m is provided. At that time, the content of Co oxides in the enamel layer is made, converted to Co, 0.01 to 10% and/or the content of Ni oxides is made, converted to Ni, 0.05 to 20% or the total content of Ni in the steel substrate and enamel layer is made 0.005 to 4.5% with respect to the total mass of the enamelware and/or the total content of Co is made 0.008 to 4.0% with respect to the total mass of the enamelware.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Satoshi Nishimura, Shunji Sakamoto, Hidekuni Murakami
  • Publication number: 20140150249
    Abstract: A semi-processed electrical steel is provided comprising the elements .005 ? Tin ? .09% 0 < Carbon ? 0.050% .10 ? Manganese ? 1.00% .005 ? Phosphorus ? .120% .0 < Sulfur ? .010% .50 ? Silicon ? 2.50% .01 ? Aluminum ? 1.60% .0 ? Antimony < .
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Publication date: June 5, 2014
    Inventor: Gwynne Johnston
  • Publication number: 20140127074
    Abstract: A hot-formed and press-hardened wear-resistant steel component with a hardness of between 500 and 700 HB is constructed for use in construction machines, agricultural machines, mining machines, in supply, transport, clearing or maintenance machines or appliances or in household, garden, DIY or handicraft machines or appliances which are subjected to high levels of abrasive wear
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 8, 2011
    Publication date: May 8, 2014
    Inventors: Wilfried Rosteck, Oswald Gerl
  • Publication number: 20140099228
    Abstract: Disclosed is a steel having high manufacturability and better rolling-contact fatigue properties. The steel contains C of 0.65% to 1.30%, Si of 0.05% to 1.00%, Mn of 0.1% to 2.00%, P of greater than 0% to 0.050%, S of greater than 0% to 0.050%, Cr of 0.15% to 2.00%, Al of 0.010% to 0.100%, N of greater than 0% to 0.025%, Ti of greater than 0% to 0.015%, and O of greater than 0% to 0.0025% and further contains iron and unavoidable impurities. Al-containing nitrogen compound particles dispersed in the steel have an average equivalent circle diameter of 25 to 200 nm, and Al-containing nitrogen compound particles each having an equivalent circle diameter of 25 to 200 nm are present in a number density of 1.1 to 6.0 per square micrometer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 25, 2011
    Publication date: April 10, 2014
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventor: Masaki Kaizuka
  • Patent number: 8691141
    Abstract: A low carbon resulfurized free cutting steel consisting of 0.04 to 0.15% of C, more than 0.10% and 0.70% or less of Si, 0.85 to 1.50% of Mn, 0.040 to 0.120% of P, 0.250% or more and less than 0.400% of S, less than 0.005% of Al, more than 0.0020% and 0.0120% or less of O, and more than 0.0070% and 0.0150% or less of N, all by mass percentage, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities, and satisfying a formula (1) and a formula (2), as follows: 0.15%?Si %+2×P %?(5×Al %+10×O %+3×N %)?0.75%??(1), and ([Mn %]5)/15<S %<([Mn %]5)/2??(2).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 9, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2014
    Assignee: JFE Bars and Shapes Corporation
    Inventors: Toshiyuki Murakami, Kunikazu Tomita, Tetsuo Shiraga
  • Publication number: 20140065007
    Abstract: There is provided a hot press-formed product, including a thin steel sheet formed by a hot press-forming method, and having a metallic structure that contains martensite at 80% to 97% by area and retained austenite at 3% to 20% by area, the remainder structure of which is at 5% by area or lower, whereby balance between strength and elongation can be controlled in a proper range and high ductility can be achieved.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 8, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA KOBE SEIKO SHO (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Junya Naitou, Toshio Murakami, Shushi Ikeda, Keisuke Okita
  • Publication number: 20140037980
    Abstract: A hot stamped article has a component composition containing, in terms of % by mass, 0.002% to 0.1% of C, 0.01% to 0.5% of Si, 0.5% to 2.5% of Mn+Cr, 0.1% or less of P, 0.01% or less of S, 0.05% or less of t-Al, 0.005% or less of N, and 0.0005% to 0.004% of B which is optionally contained in a case where the Mn+Cr is 1.0% or more, the remainder being Fe and unavoidable impurities. The hot stamped article has a microstructure composed of, in terms of an area ratio, 0% or more and less than 90% of martensite, 10% to 100% of bainite, and less than 0.5% of unavoidable inclusion structures, or a microstructure composed of, in terms of an area ratio, 99.5% to 100% of bainitic ferrite, and less than 0.5% of unavoidable inclusion structures.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2012
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Inventor: Kaoru Kawasaki
  • Publication number: 20140000770
    Abstract: A tool steel family with outstanding thermal diffusivity, hardness and wear resistance has been developed, also exhibiting good hardenability. Also its mechanical strength, as well as its yield strength, at ambient and high temperature (superior to 600° C.) are high, due to a high alloying level in spite of the high thermal conductivity. Because of its high thermal conductivity and good toughness, steels of this invention have also good resistance to thermal fatigue and thermal shock. This steels are ideal for discontinuous processes where it is interesting to reduce cycle time and that require high hardness and/or wear resistance (plastic injection molding, other plastic forming processes and curing of thermosets, hot forming of sheet . . . ). These tool steels are also appropriate for processes requiring high wear resistance and good resistance to thermal fatigue (forging, hot stamping, light-alloy injection . . . ).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2012
    Publication date: January 2, 2014
    Applicant: ROVALMA, S.A.
    Inventor: Isaac Valls Anglés
  • Publication number: 20130323112
    Abstract: In a hot-rolled sheet, an average value of pole densities of an orientation group {100}<011> to {223}<110>, which is represented by an arithmetic mean of pole densities of orientations {100}<011>, {116}<110>, {114}<110>, {112}<110>, and {223}<110> in a thickness center portion of a thickness range of ? to ? from a surface of the steel sheet, is 1.0 to 6.5 and a pole density of a crystal orientation {332}<113> is 1.0 to 5.0; and a Lankford value rC in a direction perpendicular to a rolling direction is 0.70 to 1.10 and a Lankford value r30 in a direction that forms 30° with respect to the rolling direction is 0.70 to 1.10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 5, 2012
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Riki Okamoto, Nobuhiro Fujita, Manabu Takahashi, Kunio Hayashi, Tetsuo Kishimoto, Kazuaki Nakano, Takeshi Yamamoto
  • Publication number: 20130302644
    Abstract: A hot rolled steel strip made by the steps including assembling a twin roll caster, forming a casting pool of molten steel having a free oxygen content between 20 and 75 ppm and having a composition such that the cast strip comprises by weight, greater than 0.1 and not more than 0.5% carbon, between 0.9 and 2.0% manganese, between 0.05 and 0.50% silicon, greater than 0.01% and less than or equal to 0.15% phosphorus, and less than 0.01% aluminum, counter rotating the casting rolls forming the steel strip, hot rolling the strip such that mechanical properties at 10% and 35% reduction are within 10% for yield strength, tensile strength and total elongation, and coiling the strip at a temperature between 300 and 700° C. to provide a majority of the microstructure comprising bainite and acicular ferrite. Alternatively, the steel may have between 0.20 and 0.60% copper and manganese as low as 0.08%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 12, 2013
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: NUCOR CORPORATION
    Inventors: Daniel Geoffrey EDELMAN, Christopher Ronald KILLMORE, Mary E. ALWIN-BECKER
  • Publication number: 20130302202
    Abstract: An iron-based powder composition for metal injection molding having an average particle size of 20-60 ?m, and having 99% of the particles less than 120 ?m wherein the iron-based powder composition includes, by weight percent of the iron-based powder composition: Mo: 0.3-1.6, P: 0.1-0.6, optionally Cu: up to 3.0, optionally Si: up to 0.6, optionally Cr: up to 5, optionally, unavoidable impurities: up to 1.0, whereof carbon is less than 0.1, the balance being iron, and wherein the sum of Mo and 8*P content is within the range of 2-4.7.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 29, 2011
    Publication date: November 14, 2013
    Applicant: HOGANAS AB (PUBL)
    Inventor: Anna Larsson
  • Publication number: 20130294961
    Abstract: A lead free free-cutting steel is described having the following composition in percent by weight: C 0.85-1.2 Si 0.1-0.6 Mn 0.4-1.2 P max 0.05 S 0.04-0.3 Cr max 2 Ni max 1 Mo max 0.5 Cu max 2 Al max 0.1 B max 0.008 Bi+Se+Te max 0.005 Ti+Nb+Zr+V max 0.2 balance Fe and normally occurring impurities. The steel is mainly intended for small/thin dimensions and/or low cutting speeds during manufacture of a product formed of the steel.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Inventors: Mattias SANDSTRÖM, Ylva TROGEN, Lars KARLSSON
  • Publication number: 20130295402
    Abstract: Provided is a steel sheet for a formed member having enhanced ductility, a formed member, and a method for manufacturing the formed member, and more particularly, to a steel sheet for making a formed member having high strength and ductility such as an automotive structural member and a reinforcing member, a formed member, and a method for manufacturing the formed member. The steel sheet for a formed member has enhanced ductility, and includes, by weight %, C: 0.1% to 1.0%, Si+Al: 0.4% to 3.0%, Mn: 0.1% to 5.0%, P: 0.0001% to 0.1%, S: 0.0001% to 0.03%, N: 0.03% or less (but not 0%), and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities. The formed member having high strength and ductility that can be used for forming an automotive structural member, a reinforcing member, etc. In addition, the formed member can be used for a heat-treatable impact resistant member.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2011
    Publication date: November 7, 2013
    Applicant: POSCO
    Inventors: Jin-Keun Oh, Jai-Hyun Kwak, Yeol-Rae Cho, Ki-Soo Kim
  • Publication number: 20130278366
    Abstract: An alloy composition of the formula FeaBbSicPxCuz. Parameters meet the following conditions: 79?a?86 atomic %; 5?b?13 atomic %; 0<c?1 atomic %; 1?x?8 atomic %; 0.4?z?1.4 atomic %; and 0.08?z/x?0.8.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 19, 2013
    Publication date: October 24, 2013
    Inventor: Akihiro MAKINO
  • Patent number: 8562761
    Abstract: Steel is described having a chemical composition, in weight-%, of 0.3 to 0.5% carbon (C), from traces to a max. of 1.5% silicon (Si), 0.2 to 1.5% manganese (Mn), 0.01 to 0.2% sulfur (S), 1.5 to 4% chromium (Cr), 1.5 to 5% nickel (Ni), 0.5 to 2% molybdenum (Mo), which at least partially may be replaced by twice as much tungsten (W), 0.2 to 1.5% vanadium (V), from traces to a max. of 0.2% rare earth metals, and a balance essentially of only iron, impurities and accessory elements in normal amounts. In addition, a method for manufacturing a blank of the steel and a process for manufacturing a cutting tool body or holder for cutting tools of the steel is described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Uddeholms AB
    Inventors: Staffan Gunnarsson, Anna Medvedeva
  • Patent number: 8540934
    Abstract: A lead free free-cutting steel is described having the following composition in percent by weight: C 0.85-1.2 Si 0.1-0.6 Mn 0.4-1.2 P max 0.05 S 0.04-0.3 Cr max 2 Ni max 1 Mo max 0.5 Cu max 2 Al max 0.1 B max 0.008 Bi+Se+Te max 0.005 Ti+Nb+Zr+V max 0.2 balance Fe and normally occurring impurities. The steel is mainly intended for small/thin dimensions and/or low cutting speeds during manufacture of a product formed of the steel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 24, 2013
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Mattias Sandström, Ylva Trogen, Lars Karlsson
  • Patent number: 8529712
    Abstract: A family of iron-based, phosphor-containing bulk metallic glasses having excellent processibility and toughness, methods for forming such alloys, and processes for manufacturing articles therefrom are provided. The inventive iron-based alloy is based on the observation that by very tightly controlling the composition of the metalloid moiety of the Fe-based, P-containing bulk metallic glass alloys it is possible to obtain highly processable alloys with surprisingly low shear modulus and high toughness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: California Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Marios D. Demetriou, William L. Johnson
  • Publication number: 20130224064
    Abstract: A non-oriented electrical steel sheet without corrugated defect and a manufacturing method thereof is provided, the weight percentage of the chemical composition of the non-oriented electrical steel sheet is that C is no more than 0.005%, Si is 1.2-2.2%, Mn is 0.2-0.4%, P is no more than 0.2%, S is no more than 0.005%, Al is 0.2-0.6%, N is no more than 0.005%, O is no more than 0.005%, and a balance substantially being Fe, a slab can be obtained by hot metal preprocessing, smelting with converter, RH refining, and continuous casting and pouring, wherein a secondary cooling water amount is controlled, the water flowrate of cooling water is controlled to 100-190 l/min, the average superheat of liquid steel in the continuous casting process is controlled to 10-45° C., the slab is heated and hot rolled; wherein the furnace tap temperature of the slab is 1050-1150 ° C., the temperature difference between random two points in the length direction when the slab is heated, is lower than 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2011
    Publication date: August 29, 2013
    Inventors: Feng Zhang, Xiao Chen, Wei Cao, Yezhong Sun, Changsong Ma, Jianru Zhu, Zhuolei Chen, Xiandong Liu
  • Patent number: 8518191
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a high strength cold-rolled steel sheet, which has superior bake hardenability, aging resistance at room temperature and secondary work embrittlement resistance, and a method for manufacturing the same. The steel sheet has a grain size of ASTM No. of 9 or more after annealing, a BH of 30 MPa or more, an AI of 30 MPa or less, and a tensile strength of 340˜390 MPa through appropriate control of solute elements in steel by addition of a small amount of Ti, addition of Al and Mo, and control of manufacturing conditions, and refinement of crystal grains after annealing. The cold-rolled steel sheet and the galvannealed steel sheet produced using the cold-rolled steel sheet have the superior bake hardenability, aging resistance at room temperature, and secondary work embrittlement resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventor: Seong-Ho Han
  • Patent number: 8491731
    Abstract: An alloy composition of FeaBbSicPxCyCuz. Parameters meet the following conditions: 79?a?86 atomic %; 5?b?13 atomic %; 0?c?8 atomic %; 1?x?8 atomic %; 0?y?5 atomic %, 0.4?z?1.4 atomic %; and 0.08?z/x?0.8. Or, parameters meet the following conditions: 81?a?86 atomic %; 6?b?10 atomic %; 2?c?8 atomic %; 2?x?5 atomic %; 0?y?4 atomic %; 0.4?z?1.4 atomic %, and 0.08?z/x?0.8.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 23, 2013
    Inventor: Akihiro Makino
  • Publication number: 20130183191
    Abstract: Provided is a bearing steel capable of exhibiting excellent cold workability in cold working that follows spheroidizing annealing and also capable of ensuring excellent abrasion resistance and rolling fatigue characteristics as a bearing member or the like. The bearing steel contains C: 0.9 to 1.10%, Si: 0.05 to 0.49%, Mn: 0.1 to 1.0%, P: not more than 0.05% (excluding 0%), S: not more than 0.05% (excluding 0%), Cr: 0.03 to 0.40%, Al: not more than 0.05% (excluding 0%), N: 0.002 to 0.025%, Ti: not more than 0.0030% (excluding 0%), and 0: not more than 0.0025% (excluding 0%), with the remainder being iron and unavoidable impurities. The average aspect ratio of cementite is not more than 2.00, the average circle-equivalent diameter of cementite is 0.35 to 0.6 ?m, and the number density of cementite having a circle-equivalent diameter of not less than 0.13 ?m is not less than 0.45/?m2.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 25, 2011
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Masaki Kaizuka, Mutsuhisa Nagahama
  • Patent number: 8480821
    Abstract: A piston ring material is provided which retains excellent mechanical properties and processability, which are required of piston ring materials, and has wearing resistance and scuffing resistance, which are sliding properties required of piston rings. The piston ring material, which is for use in internal combustion engines, contains, in terms of mass %, 0.3-0.8% carbon, 0.1-3.0% silicon, 0.1-3.0% manganese, 0.01-0.3% sulfur, 0.1-2.0% chromium, and 0.05-2.0% the sum of titanium and/or zirconium, with the remainder being iron and incidental impurities. The titanium and/or zirconium contained in the piston ring material and the sulfur contained therein satisfy the following relationship. [Ti (%)+½Zr (%)]/S (%)?5.0 Preferably, the material may contain one or more members selected from up to 1.0% copper, less than 3.0% molybdenum, up to 1.0% aluminum, and less than 2.0% nickel, in terms of mass %.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Hitachi Metals Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiko Ohishi, Toshihiro Uehara, Kunichika Kubota
  • Patent number: 8475605
    Abstract: In the steel for a surface layer hardening which is treated with carburizing in a temperature range of 800° C. to 900° C., chemical composition thereof contains, by mass %, C: 0.10% to 0.60%, Si: 0.01% to 2.50%, Mn: 0.20% to 2.00%, S: 0.0001% to 0.10%, Cr: 2.00% to 5.00%, Al: 0.001% to 0.50%, N: 0.0020% to 0.020%, P: 0.001% to 0.050%, and O: 0.0001% to 0.0030%; the remaining portion thereof includes Fe and unavoidable impurities; and the total amount of Cr, Si, and Mn satisfies, by mass %, 2.0?Cr+Si+Mn?8.0.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Manabu Kubota, Tatsuro Ochi
  • Publication number: 20130153091
    Abstract: A hot-rolled steel sheet has an average value of the X-ray random intensity ratio of a {100} <011> to {223} <110> orientation group at least in a sheet thickness central portion that is in a sheet thickness range of ? to ? from a steel sheet surface of 1.0 to 6.0, an X-ray random intensity ratio of a {332} <113> crystal orientation of 1.0 to 5.0, rC which is an r value in a direction perpendicular to a rolling direction of 0.70 to 1.10, and r30 which is an r value in a direction that forms an angle of 30° with respect to the rolling direction of 0.70 to 1.10.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Nobuhiro Fujita, Kunio Hayashi, Riki Okamoto, Manabu Takahashi, Tetsuo Kishimoto, Hiroshi Yoshida
  • Publication number: 20130156630
    Abstract: There is provided a steel for induction hardening in which cracks are less liable to occur and high hardness and seizure resistance are attained even if a tempering process after induction hardening is omitted. The steel for induction hardening according to the present invention contains, by mass percent, C: 0.20 to 0.34%, Si: at most 0.20%, Mn: 0.75 to 2.0%, P: at most 0.03%, S: at most 0.20%, Cr: 0.05 to 1.2%, Ti: at least 0.002% and less than 0.030%, Al: 0.005 to 0.04%, and N: 0.0040 to 0.020%, the balance being Fe and impurities, and satisfies Formula (1): 1.20?Mn+Cr?2.10 ??(1) where the content (mass %) of each element is substituted for each of the symbols of elements in Formula (1).
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2011
    Publication date: June 20, 2013
    Applicant: Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation
    Inventors: Yuta Mizobe, Hiroaki Tahira, Kan Yoshino
  • Publication number: 20130146181
    Abstract: A steel for a carburizing and a carburized steel component having a steel portion and a carburized layer with a thickness of more than 0.4 mm to less than 2 mm which is formed on an outside of the steel portion. A chemical composition of the steel for the carburizing and the steel portion of the carburized steel component satisfies simultaneously equations of a hardness parameter, a hardenability parameter, and an AlN precipitation parameter.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 8, 2012
    Publication date: June 13, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Manabu Kubota
  • Publication number: 20130136950
    Abstract: A multi-phase steel sheet having microstructure having in combination ferrite, martensite of between 3% and 65% by volume, and at least one microstructure selected from the group consisting of, bainite and retained austenite, and having fine complex precipitates selected from the group of TiC, NbC, TiN, NbN, (Ti.Nb)C, (Ti.Nb)N, and (Ti.Nb)(C.N) particles having at least 50% smaller than 20 nm in size, and physical properties having tensile strength greater than about 780 megapascals and at least one of the properties of elongation greater than about 10%, yield ratio greater than about 70%, and hole expansion ratio greater than about 50%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 30, 2013
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Applicant: NUCOR CORPORATION
    Inventor: Weiping SUN
  • Publication number: 20130101457
    Abstract: This steel for a machine structure contains, in mass %: C: 0.40% to less than 0.75%; Si: 0.01% to 3.0%; Mn: 0.1% to 1.8%; S: 0.001% to 0.1%; Al: more than 0.1% and not more than 1.0%; N: 0.001% to 0.02%; and P: limited to not more than 0.05%, with a balance including Fe and inevitable impurities, in which the steel satisfies 139.38 ?214×[C]+30.6×[Si]+42.8×[Mn]?14.7×[Al]?177 and 0.72?[C]+1/7×[Si]+1/5×[Mn]<1.539.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshiharu Aiso, Suguru Yoshida, Manabu Kubota, Kei Miyanishi, Shuji Kozawa
  • Publication number: 20130078135
    Abstract: The present invention is related to a steel product of the weathering steel type, i.e. a product exhibiting increased corrosion resistance after having been exposed to the outside environment for a given time. According to the invention, the steel product is defined by a composition consisting of (in wt %):—Carbon between 0.03 and 0.2,—Manganese between 0.5 and 2,—Copper between 0 and 0.5,—Ti between 0 and 0.1,—Cr between 0 and 0.5,—Nickel between 0 and 0.2,—Niobium between 0 and 0.1,—Nitrogen between 0 and 0.01,—Sulphur between 0 and 0.01, Phosphor between 0 and 0.01,—Aluminium higher than 0 and maximum 1.5,—Silicon between 0.25 and 1.5, the balance being Fe and accidental impurities, and wherein the sum of the Al and Si levels is higher than about 0.85 wt %.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Publication date: March 28, 2013
    Inventors: Joachim Antonissen, Eddy De Grave, Julieth Alexandra
  • Patent number: 8398786
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a precipitation hardening cold-rolled steel sheet and method for manufacturing the same, which can be used for structural components such as seat rails and the like of a vehicle body. The steel sheet comprises, by weight %, C: 0.07˜0.1%, Mn: 1.4˜1.7%, P: 0.05˜0.07%, S: 0.005% or less, acid-soluble Al: 0.1˜0.15%, Nb: 0.06˜0.09%, B: 0.0008˜0.0012%, Sb: 0.02˜0.06%, and the balance of Fe and other unavoidable impurities. The steel sheet has a yield strength of 750 MPa or more and a yield ratio of 85% or more, and is free from surface defects due to a very low degree of oxide enrichment on the surface thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 28, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventor: Sang-Ho Han
  • Publication number: 20130039796
    Abstract: A master alloy used to produce the steel part and a process for producing a sinter hardened steel part from the master alloy are described. The powdered master alloy having a composition of iron, about 1 to less than 5 weight % C, about 3 to less than 15 weight % Mn, and about 3 to less than 15 weight % Cr, wherein the master alloy comprises a microstructure composed of a solid solution of the alloying elements and carbon, the microstructure comprising at least 10 volume % austenite and the remainder as iron compounds. The process comprises: preparing the master alloy, mixing the master alloy with a steel powder to produce a mixture wherein the weight % of the master alloy is from 5 to 35 weight % of the mixture, compacting the mixture into a shape of a part and sintering the mixture to produce the steel part, and controlling the cooling rate after sintering to produce sinter hardening. The master alloy powder can also be used as a sinter hardening enhancer when mixed with low-alloy steel powders.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventors: Gilles L'Esperance, Ian Bailon-Poujol, Denis Christopherson, JR.
  • Publication number: 20130039804
    Abstract: An electrical steel comprises a mixture of elements comprising at least the following elements by weight percent. 0% < Chromium <1.0% 0% < Copper <0.10%? 0% < Nickel ?<6.0%. The electrical steel has a partial recrystallization with smaller grain size than would be the grain size given a complete recrystallization. The electrical steel has a yield strength above 550 N/mm2 and an electrical loss below 2.0 watts/pound at 1.5 Tesla at 60 Hz which corresponds to 3.5 watts/kg at 1.5 Tesla at 50 Hz.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Publication date: February 14, 2013
    Inventor: Gwynne Johnston
  • Publication number: 20130025747
    Abstract: A steel for an induction hardening including, by mass %, C: more than 0.75% to 1.20%, Si: 0.002 to 3.00%, Mn: 0.20 to 2.00%, S: 0.002 to 0.100%, Al: more than 0.050% to 3.00%, P: limited to 0.050% or less, N: limited to 0.0200% or less, O: limited to: 0.0030% or less, and the balance composing of iron and unavoidable impurities, wherein an Al content and a N content satisfy, by mass %, Al?(27/14)×N>0.050%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 15, 2011
    Publication date: January 31, 2013
    Inventors: Manabu Kubota, Toshiharu Aiso, Kei Miyanishi
  • Patent number: 8361245
    Abstract: The present invention provides a steel material able to secure a superior corrosion resistance in a sulfuric acid dew point corrosive environment of exhaust gas obtained by burning high S-containing fuel, containing, by mass %, C: ?0.010%, Si: ?0.10%, Cu: 0.05 to 1.00%, P: ?0.030%, S: ?0.050%, and Al: ?0.10% and comprising a balance of Fe and unavoidable impurities. Further, this steel contains one type or two types or more of Sb, Sn, Cr, Mn, Mo, Ni, Nb, V, Ti, and B.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 24, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Steel Corporation
    Inventors: Shunji Sakamoto, Satoshi Nishimura, Akira Usami
  • Publication number: 20120328901
    Abstract: With regard to an Al content (%) and a Si content (%), a relation of a formula (A) is established, and an average value Yave defined by a formula (B) regarding hardnesses measured at 100 points or more with a nanoindenter is equal to or more than 40. 0.3?0.7×[Si]+[Al]?1.5??(A) Yave=?(180×(Xi?3)?2/n)??(B) ([Al] indicates the Al content (%), [Si] indicates the Si content (%), n indicates a total number of the measuring points of the hardnesses, and Xi indicates the hardness (GPa) at the i-th measuring point (i is a natural number equal to or less than n).
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Inventors: Toshiki Nonaka, Naoki Matsutani, Toshio Ogawa, Nobuhiro Fujita
  • Publication number: 20120312433
    Abstract: The invention relates to a steel sheet having a tensile strength of 1180 MPa or more, which excels in workability and cold brittleness resistance. The high-strength steel sheet contains 0.10% to 0.30% of C, 1.40% to 3.0% of Si, 0.5% to 3.0% of Mn, 0.1% or less of P, 0.05% or less of S, 0.005% to 0.20% of Al, 0.01% or less of N, 0.01% or less of O, as well as Fe and inevitable impurities. The steel sheet has: (i) a ferrite volume fraction of 5% to 35% and a bainitic ferrite and/or tempered martensite volume fraction of 60% or more; (ii) a MA constituent volume fraction of 6% or less (excluding 0%); and (iii) a retained austenite volume fraction of 5% or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 5, 2012
    Publication date: December 13, 2012
    Applicant: Kabushiki Kaisha Kobe Seiko Sho (Kobe Steel, Ltd.)
    Inventors: Sae MIZUTA, Yuichi FUTAMURA, Yukihiro Utsumi