Solid Reactant Type (i.e., Absence Of Fluid Reactants) Patents (Class 422/164)
  • Patent number: 10960846
    Abstract: An inflator as well as a method of manufacturing an inflator, a module including an inflator and an airbag module. In an inflator, especially for a protective device in a vehicle, comprising plural components a sealant is applied in the area of abutting components, especially a sealant which adheres to both abutting components.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 21, 2020
    Date of Patent: March 30, 2021
    Assignee: ZF AIRBAG GERMANY GMBH
    Inventors: Sebastian Bierwirth, Achim Hofmann, Hans-Peter Neumayer, Dieter Spitzenberger, Franz Fuerstenberger, Hannes Nuiding, Dieter Leier, Georg Schoenhuber, Joerg Friedrich
  • Patent number: 10870632
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing an extract from cannabis plant matter, containing tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and optionally the carboxylic acids thereof. According to said method, the dried pint matter is ground and subjected to a CO2 extraction and the primary extract obtained is separated. The invention method permits ?8 or ?9 tetrahydrocannabinol to be selectively obtained both from industrial hemp and from drug-producing hemp, optionally after dissolving the primary extract in ethanol, separating undesirable waxes and removing the solvent under reduced pressure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2014
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Inventor: Adam Mueller
  • Patent number: 10703977
    Abstract: Processes and apparatuses for co-processing pyrolysis effluent and a hydrocarbon stream in which a char produced by the catalytic cracking of the pyrolysis effluent is recovered and utilized to provide energy, such as heat to the catalytic cracking zone. The char can be burned in various combustion zones associated with the catalytic cracking zone. The char is produced from a renewable resource.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Lance A. Baird, Sathit Kulprathipanja, Paolo Palmas
  • Patent number: 10195159
    Abstract: Processes for preparing extracts of natural products such as plant material, and for preparing purified extracts from crude extracts of natural products, by extraction with hot gas. Apparatus suitable for use in preparing extracts of natural products are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: GW Pharma Limited
    Inventors: Brian Anthony Whittle, Geoffrey Guy, David Victor Downs, David W. Pate
  • Patent number: 9480647
    Abstract: Single-serve containers for use in brewing a cannabis-based beverage are described, as are methods for preparing a single-serve container configured for receipt in a single-serve brewing machine. The method includes: adding a processed cannabis product to the single-serve container; adding, to the single-serve container, at least one of an extraction or flavoring agent; and sealing the single-serve container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 5, 2015
    Date of Patent: November 1, 2016
    Assignees: CannTrust Inc., Club Coffee L.P.
    Inventors: Ronald Stuart Benson, Peter Hobbes, Claudio Gemmiti, Ilana Deborah Platt
  • Publication number: 20150110680
    Abstract: A green process and system are disclosed for utilizing a biomass filter aid in the filtration of a bio-oil. The process comprises filtering a bio-oil containing residual solids from a conversion reaction in the presence of the biomass filter aid to produce a filtered bio-oil. The biomass filter aid facilitates efficient removal of residual solids from the bio-oil. The spent biomass filter aid containing the residual solids may be recycled as a conversion feedstock or used as a combustion heat source in the biomass conversion system.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 23, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventor: Ronny W. Lin
  • Publication number: 20150072256
    Abstract: A hydrogen generator and a fuel cell system including the hydrogen generator are disclosed. The hydrogen generator includes a reactant that undergoes a thermal decomposition reaction to produce hydrogen when heated. A laser is used to initiate the reaction. The reactant is contained in a reactant composition in a user-replaceable disc-shaped fuel unit. The reactant composition can be segregated into individual quantities. The fuel unit and the laser beam are periodically realigned by incrementally rotating the fuel unit and/or incrementally redirect the laser beam.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Jean-Francois Audebert, Olen R. Vanderleden, Richard A. Langan, Chad E. Law, Thomas J. Kmetich, Craig R. Huddleston, Jason L. Stimits, Gerald Zsigo, Kevin P. Murray
  • Publication number: 20150050192
    Abstract: An activated carbon manufacturing system can efficiently heat a wood material or carbide to promote a drying process, a carbonization process and an activation process in manufacturing activated carbon, and can reduce the environmental load involved in the manufacture of activated carbon. Specifically, a drying process of a wood material is achieved by heating the wood material with saturated steam at an appropriate temperature, and an initial carbonization process of the wood material is achieved by heating the wood material with superheated steam. Therefore, the wood material can be heated with high heat transfer efficiency, so that the heat loss can be reduced, and neither a drying device nor a first carbonizing device produces a gas containing a harmful constituent in the heating processes, so that the adverse effect on the environment can be reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 31, 2014
    Publication date: February 19, 2015
    Inventor: Haruo Uehara
  • Patent number: 8877137
    Abstract: A hydrogen generator including an initiator assembly having one or more contact members within a compressible member, and a removable fuel unit adjacent a surface of the compressible member. The fuel unit contains a hydrogen containing material that can release hydrogen gas when heated and an exothermic mixture that can react exothermically upon initiation by the initiator assembly. When no fuel unit is in the hydrogen generator, the compressible member is uncompressed and the contact members are at or below its surface, and when a fuel unit is disposed in the hydrogen generator, the compressible member is compressed so the contact members extend beyond the surface to make thermal contact with the fuel unit. Energy from the initiator assembly is conducted by the contact members to corresponding quantities of the exothermic mixture to initiate an exothermic reaction, providing heat for the release of hydrogen gas from the hydrogen containing material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2014
    Assignee: Intelligent Energy Inc.
    Inventor: Mark D. Vandayburg
  • Publication number: 20140216919
    Abstract: A method of fabricating graphene using a plurality of light sources, and an apparatus for fabricating graphene are provided. The apparatus for fabricating graphene includes a first light source configured to irradiate a graphite oxide layer on a substrate, a second light source configured to further irradiate the irradiated graphite oxide layer, and a control unit configured to control an order of irradiation from the first light source and the second light source.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 17, 2013
    Publication date: August 7, 2014
    Applicants: Seoul National University R&DB Foundation, Toshiba Samsung Storage Technology Korea Corporation
    Inventors: Byung-Youn Song, Kil-Soo Choi, Nag-Eui Choi, Hyoung-Sub Shim, Han-Yung Jung, Jung-Hoon Lee
  • Patent number: 8765071
    Abstract: Disclosed is a device for generating a volume of gas from solid and liquid generates. In one particular embodiment, a volume of nitrogen gas is generated by combining the output of Sodium Azide and liquid nitrogen. A vacuum is initially maintained about the liquid nitrogen container by way of a dewar jacket. The present disclosure also relates to a method of manufacturing the disclosed gas generating device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 21, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2014
    Assignee: Carleton Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Donald Blackman, Brian Ford
  • Patent number: 8679443
    Abstract: A method of treating a diamond, the method comprising: (i) providing a liquid metal saturated with carbon with respect to graphite precipitation; (ii) lowering the temperature of the liquid metal such that the liquid metal is saturated with carbon with respect to diamond precipitation; (iii) immersing a diamond in the liquid metal; and (iv) removing the diamond from the metal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2014
    Assignee: Designed Materials Ltd
    Inventors: Philip H. Taylor, A. Marshall Stoneham
  • Publication number: 20140079598
    Abstract: The carbonizing apparatus includes a heating chamber that thermally decomposes a treatment object by heating, a preliminary chamber through which the treatment object is carried from an outside into the heating member in a state in which the heating chamber is substantially shielded from the outside, the preliminary chamber being provided between the heating chamber and the outside, a plurality of cooling chambers in which the treatment object is treated after thermal decomposition, shielding doors that close the preliminary chamber, the heating chamber, and the cooling chambers arranged in series, a transport means that transports the treatment object while opening and closing the shielding doors, and exhaust pipes through which gas discharged from the preliminary chamber, the heating chamber, and the cooling chambers is exhausted. The treatment object is carbonized while being sequentially passed through the preliminary chamber, the heating chamber, and the cooling chambers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Mamoru Ito, Akiyuki Kaneko, Megumi Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20140044602
    Abstract: An improved biomass feed system and processes for transporting biomass to downstream processing locations are disclosed. The system uses a pressurized gas to assist in the transporting of the biomass to the conversion reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Publication date: February 13, 2014
    Applicant: KIOR, INC.
    Inventor: Edward J. Smith
  • Patent number: 8590492
    Abstract: The present invention provides an auxiliary power system to provide supplemental power by compressed hydrogen. The system includes a motor configured to be driven by the compressed hydrogen. The motor includes a cartridge for the generation of hydrogen. The cartridge is configured to generate high pressure and high temperature hydrogen. The motor is configured such that hydrogen generated by the cartridge is directed through a manifold and moves pistons in a cylinder block such that the cylinder block rotates. A clutch assembly is provided to transmit power from the motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 26, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Hydrogen Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Peter James Lohr, Sr.
  • Patent number: 8578718
    Abstract: The present invention provides a motor powered by an expandable, combustible gas. The motor includes a cartridge for the generation of hydrogen. The cartridge is configured to generate high pressure and high temperature hydrogen. The motor is configured such that hydrogen generated by the cartridge is directed into a series of expandable chambers defined by at least one flywheel. The flywheel is connected to a shaft such that power generated by the hydrogen can be transmitted out of the motor. The motor is configured such that power can be generated by expansion of the hydrogen and subsequent combustion of the hydrogen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 12, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Hydrogen Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Peter James Lohr, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20130232855
    Abstract: A two-stage reactor/process is disclosed for the conversion of solid particulate biomass material and includes: a first stage, in which solid particulate biomass material is pyrolyzed to primary reaction products, and a second stage in which the primary reaction products are catalytically converted in a second stage which is operated at a temperature higher than that of the first stage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 4, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: KiOR Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Loezos, Brian Bibens, Ronald Cordle, Bruce Adkins, John Hacskaylo
  • Publication number: 20130236391
    Abstract: A manufacturing facility for quicklime is provided, which can manufacture highly active quicklime by a simple manufacturing facility, and which can also separate and recover, in a high concentration, CO2 gas generated at the time of manufacturing quicklime.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 21, 2011
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Naohiro Higuchi, Hirokazu Shima
  • Patent number: 8499997
    Abstract: The present invention provides assembly for use with a cartridge for the generation of hydrogen and a method for bonding metals with the cartridge. The cartridge includes a case, an igniter, and a structural component. The case defines an interior cavity and the igniter is positioned within the cavity. The structural component is also positioned within the cavity and is formed of a particulate embedded in a matrix and the particulate includes a metallic material. An oxidizing agent is positioned within the cavity. The structural component is configured such that the metallic material and the oxidizing agent react together to generate hydrogen after the igniter generates sufficient heat to remove the matrix from the structural component and to initiate the reaction between the metallic material and the oxidizing agent. The cartridge is positioned within the assembly relative to a metal flyer such that when the cartridge is discharged, the flyer is bonded to a metal anvil.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Advanced Hydrogen Technologies Corporation
    Inventor: Peter James Lohr, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20130136685
    Abstract: The present invention provides a safe, disposable and biodegradable chlorine dioxide micro generator that uses water soluble paper and hydrogel or compressed cellulose encased in filter paper pouch. The chemicals are kept in a stabilize form until activated by the addition of water. Multiple levels of protection against early exposure to water such as a foil pouch and an impermeable outer container allow for the safe transportation and storage in small, ready for deployment amounts of the chemicals. Wicking materials packaged around the chemicals provide for the ready introduction of water to the chemicals at the proper time. Water dissolves the paper walls of the chemical pack housings and then the water facilitates the reaction between the acid and the sodium chlorite to form chlorine dioxide gas as will be described further hereunder.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2012
    Publication date: May 30, 2013
    Inventors: Juan Carlos Baselli, Spencer Blua
  • Publication number: 20130101733
    Abstract: A method for producing a thermoelectric conversion material composed of a metal A having an alkali metal or alkaline earth metal, a transition metal M, and oxygen O, and represented by AxMyOz, where x, y, and z are valences of the respective elements, includes the steps of: using a massive metal oxide as the thermoelectric conversion material and a salt in a solid, liquid or gaseous state; causing a diffusion reaction between the oxide and the salt; and forming the thermoelectric conversion material having aligned crystal orientation. A production apparatus includes a reactor into which the oxide and the salt are introduced, and a heating means for heating the oxide and the salt within the reactor to promote the diffusion reaction. Thereby, the thermoelectric conversion material having efficiency is produced more simply and at lower cost than a production of the single crystal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Publication date: April 25, 2013
    Applicant: KYUSHU INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
    Inventors: Toshitada Shimozaki, Akifumi Nishiwaki
  • Publication number: 20130092602
    Abstract: A continuous reaction system is provided, which specifically relates to a continuous reaction system comprising subcritical and/or supercritical liquid as solvents and a reactant as solid. The invention can effectively prevent cavitations in the reaction system effectively, and realize maximum conversion of the solid reactant material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2012
    Publication date: April 18, 2013
    Inventors: Zuolin Zhu, Meg M. Sun, Chungao Su, Kangfu Gu, Hongmei Zhao, Xuemei Ma, Weiguo Yu, Daochuang Liu, Zuodong Zhu, Hongping Ye
  • Patent number: 8361422
    Abstract: The invention relates to systems and methods for heating a solid or liquid reducing material such as an urea-containing material for NOx selective catalytic reduction (‘SCR’) using a heat stored in a thermal energy storage material, such as a phase change material. The stored heat may be heat from an exhaust waste, such as from an exhaust gas of an internal combustion engine. The reducing material may be a solid reducing material. Other reducing materials include aqueous solutions such as an aqueous solution containing, consisting essentially of, or consisting of urea and water. In one aspect, the process may include a step of evaporating an aqueous solution of urea for immediate urea hydrolysis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: Dow Global Technologies LLC
    Inventors: Andrey Soukhojak, David H. Bank
  • Patent number: 8268451
    Abstract: A material intended for personal protective equipment, such as a suit for escaping chemicals or a flash fire is disclosed, wherein the material includes at least four different layers, the layers being: an outer first layer of a material comprising at least one polymer, which material is self-extinguishing; a second layer of a fiber material, which fiber material is self-extinguishing; a third layer being adhesive; and an inner fourth layer being a barrier laminate. All of the at least four different layers individually are attached to layers located next to them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: Ansell Protective Solutions AB
    Inventor: Pontus Danielsson
  • Patent number: 8263003
    Abstract: The invention relates to a device (1) for transporting and/or storing radioactive materials (10), comprising a closed enclosure (8) and a system (12, 16) for securing said closed enclosure, said system comprising catalytic means (12) for recombining hydrogen and oxygen into water, placed in said closed enclosure. According to the invention, the system for securing said closed enclosure further comprises a device (16) for the controlled release of oxygen in said closed enclosure (8).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: TN International
    Inventors: Pascale Abadie, Paul Abadie, legal representative, Françoise Abadie, legal representative, Hervé Issard, Valentin Rohr
  • Publication number: 20120164056
    Abstract: The disclosure provides processes and systems for sterilizing an object using a sterilant gas. In some embodiments, the sterilant gas is produced by the thermal decomposition of a salt. Compositions to generate sterilant gasses are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 28, 2010
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Inventors: Louis C. Haddad, William E. Foltz, Greggory S. Bennett, Robert A. Asmus
  • Publication number: 20120141354
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to separate CO2 gas generated in a cement-manufacturing facility in a high concentration and recover the CO2 gas. The present invention includes: feeding a cement material before calcination and a heat medium which has a particle diameter larger than that of the cement material and has been heated to the calcination temperature or higher in a medium-heating furnace (14), to a mixing calciner (12); and recovering the CO2 gas generated by the calcination of the cement material. The heat medium circulates between the medium-heating furnace and the mixing calciner. Another aspect of the present invention includes: feeding a cement material before calcination to a regenerative calciner (112) which has been heated to the calcination temperature or higher and has stored heat therein; and recovering the CO2 gas generated by the calcination of the cement material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2010
    Publication date: June 7, 2012
    Applicant: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Hirokazu Shima, Naohiro Higuchi, Yoshinori Takayama, Takuya Komatsu, Junzhu Wang
  • Patent number: 8182748
    Abstract: A method and an arrangement of measuring acidity or other chemical or physical property of a gas. The invention comprises a membrane having optical indicator molecules bound to a microporous matrix arranged to be placed into contact with the gas to be measured, the optical indicator molecules changing their colour in response to the acidity or other chemical or physical property of the gas, a light source, and a detector. The light source is arranged to emit and direct light to the membrane, the light being transmitted through the membrane, whereby a part of the light is absorbed into the optical indicator molecules, and the rest of the light emitted is guided to the detector, where it is measured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 22, 2012
    Assignee: Janesko Oy
    Inventors: Ville Voipio, Katri Vuokila
  • Publication number: 20120107212
    Abstract: A method of treating a diamond, the method comprising: (i) providing a liquid metal saturated with carbon with respect to graphite precipitation; (ii) lowering the temperature of the liquid metal such that the liquid metal is saturated with carbon with respect to diamond precipitation; (iii) immersing a diamond in the liquid metal; and (iv) removing the diamond from the metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 19, 2010
    Publication date: May 3, 2012
    Applicant: DESIGNED MATERIALS LIMITED
    Inventors: Philip H. Taylor, A. Marshall Stoneham
  • Patent number: 8142726
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a chemical oxygen generator to produce cool oxygen gas comprising: a. a charge housing, b. a solid but porous charge contained in the said housing, the charge being made of a chemical mixture that generates oxygen upon decomposition and that will undergo a self-sustained exothermal decomposition after initiation, the said charge containing at most 3.0 wt. % of binder material, the said porous charge allows the generated oxygen to pass through the charge without damaging the virgin material and without creating volumetric burning, the said charge is mounted in the housing in such a way that the generated oxygen passes through the charge and under the pressure difference flows from the moving decomposition front towards the vent, c. an ignition device mounted at one end of the cartridge in such a way that it is capable to initiate a self-sustained decomposition of the charge at the charge surface adjacent to the initiator, d.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 25, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2012
    Assignee: Nederlandse Organisatie Voor Toegepast-Natuurwetenschappeluk Onderzoek Tno
    Inventors: Alexandr Sergeevich Zharkov, Vladimir Alekseevich Shandakov, Leonid Alexandrovich Pilyugin, Ronald Peter van den Berg
  • Publication number: 20120063965
    Abstract: Described herein are systems and methods for achieving fast pyrolysis of wood and other carbonaceous solids in rotary reactors. Novel heating, feeding and condensing methods result in high oil yields near those currently achieved with more complicated fast pyrolysis systems. High intensity burners are arranged and controlled to produce high heating rates and uniform temperature of the rotating cylindrical walls of the reactors. The feeding system delays the onset of pyrolysis until the solids fall onto the heated kiln walls. The pyrolysis gases and vapors are rapidly withdrawn and quenched with recycled liquids. The first condenser incorporates a clean out nozzle. Char products are readily separated and discharged into a heat exchanger where heat is recovered and used together with heat from reactor flue gas to dry the solids prior to being fed to the reactor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 7, 2011
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Inventors: Ralph L. Coates, Benjamin R. Coates, Joshua L. Coates
  • Patent number: 8088336
    Abstract: A reducing gas generator generates reducing gas including ammonia. The generator includes a solid reductant and a heat-generating portion. The solid reductant is formed in a columnar shape. A cross-sectional surface of the solid reductant has a constant shape and is perpendicular to a central axis of the solid reductant. The heat-generating portion includes a heat-generating surface opposed to a lower surface of the solid reductant in a vertical direction thereof and in contact with an entire region of the lower surface, and a heating element that heats the heat-generating surface when energized, so that the solid reductant is heated and decomposed to generate the reducing gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 3, 2012
    Assignee: Denso Corporation
    Inventors: Kazunori Suzuki, Masatoshi Kuroyanagi, Yoshiaki Nishijima
  • Publication number: 20110313218
    Abstract: A system, apparatus and method for hydrocarbon extraction from feedstock material that is or includes organic material, such as oil shale, coal, lignite, tar sands, animal waste and biomass. A retort system including at least one retort vessel may include a monolithic dome structure surrounded by a process isolation barrier, the dome structure being sealingly engaged with the process isolation barrier. The dome structure and the process isolation barrier define a retort chamber, at least a portion of which may comprise a subterranean chamber. A lower end of the dome retort structure provides an exit for collected hydrocarbons and spent feedstock material. Systems may include a plurality of such dome retort structures. A control system may be used for controlling one or more operating parameters of a retorting process performed within such a dome retort structure for extraction and collection of hydrocarbons.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 23, 2011
    Publication date: December 22, 2011
    Inventor: Todd C. DANA
  • Patent number: 8071041
    Abstract: Alkaline metal fuel technology is applied to the design and construction of an electrolytic fuel cell. Highly exothermic chemical reactions and vigorous kinetic gaseous flows are promoted within a ferrous metal tubular structure called a tuyere which is used to generate electricity and to simultaneously produce nitrated products and commercial organic chemicals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 6, 2011
    Inventor: Edward M. McWhorter
  • Patent number: 7959890
    Abstract: The invention relates to recycled rubber produced by a process comprising the steps of: a) shredding cleaned rubber tires into shreds less than 2? long; b) pyrolyzing the shreds in a reaction chamber of a thermal processor in a first anaerobic environment to produce a char; c) drawing off volatile organics from the reaction chamber; c) removing the char from the reaction chamber; d) cooling the char in a second anaerobic environment; e) removing metal and textile components from the char to obtain pyrolytic carbon black; f) milling and sizing the pyrolytic carbon black so obtained into particles of 325 mesh size or smaller; and, g) utilizing the pyrolytic carbon black from the previous step in a polymerization process that produces said recycled rubber. It also relates to the high quality pyrolytic carbon black recovered from this process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 14, 2011
    Assignee: RIPP Resource Recovery Corporation
    Inventors: Andrew D. E. MacIntosh, Vincent W. Y. Wong
  • Patent number: 7938277
    Abstract: A container for releasing a microbiocide component into a liquid composition susceptible to unwanted microbial growth (LCMG) includes a LCMG-impermeable casing separate and apart from an internal combustion engine housing, and having a hollow interior and at least one opening. A microbiocide component, for example, at least one LCMG-soluble microbiocide, is located in the hollow interior. At least one LCMG-permeable element is provided at or near an opening in the casing and is effective to provide for release of microbiocide component into the LCMG. Methods of releasing microbiocide component into LCMGs are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 10, 2011
    Assignee: Dober Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Dennis R. Kelly, David Alan Little, Magesh Sundaram
  • Patent number: 7749456
    Abstract: This invention provides a stepped heating cycle for the pre-treatment of phenolic microballoons prior to carbonization thereof, wherein the heating cycle comprises the steps of sequentially: gradually elevating the temperature of the microballoons to a temperature in the range 100° C.-170° C.; holding the microballoons at the elevated temperature for 1-24 hours; and gradually cooling the microballoons. This invention also provides a heat-dissipation reactor (11, 21, 31) which comprises a walled reaction chamber having a bottom and no top, the reaction chamber being fitted with high thermal conductivity inserts. When used in accordance with this invention (61), the volume within the walls of the reaction chamber is charged with phenolic resin microballoons. In a preferred embodiment, the reaction chamber (11, 21) is subdivided into a plurality of subchambers by a vertical grid of aluminum plates (19, 29).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 6, 2010
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Terence B. Walker, Laurie A. Booker
  • Publication number: 20100150824
    Abstract: A hydrogen generator (201) is provided which comprises (a) a chamber (205) having a hydrogen-containing material (213) disposed therein; (b) a first fluidic pathway (241) containing said chamber, said first fluidic pathway including an upstream portion which is upstream of said chamber, and a downstream portion which is downstream from said chamber; (c) a second fluidic pathway (243) which does not include said chamber, and which is adjoined to said first fluidic pathway downstream from said chamber; and (d) a reservoir (203) containing a liquid medium in which said hydrogen-containing material is soluble, said reservoir being in fluidic communication with at least one of said first and second fluidic pathways.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2009
    Publication date: June 17, 2010
    Inventors: Sandra Withers-Kirby, Jady Stevens, Mahavir Nagaraj
  • Publication number: 20100121121
    Abstract: This invention is about a continuously cracking technology of waste rubber or plastics and its realizing equipment, which is the key technology to produce oil by use of waste rubber or plastics. The cracking process is as following: the catalyst and rubber or plastics are extruded and transported in order to separate the air or to prevent oxidization; the raw materials are transported into the cracking chamber and moved from the inlet orifice to the discharge hole; the cracking process of the raw material is finished; and finally the products are deviated automatically through the discharge hole. In this invention, the separation of air and oxygen in the inlet orifice and discharge hole of the cracking chamber can completely avoid the hidden dangers caused by incoming of oxygen into the cracking chamber, and thus realize industrial production with continuous feedings. Moreover, the ratio of the oil can be raised from 19% in current technology to 45%-48%, and the loss of production equipment can be reduced.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2006
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Inventor: Bin Niu
  • Publication number: 20100111814
    Abstract: A mixture of carbon nanotubes is separated into fractions that are enriched with a desired chirality by exposing a solution or suspension of the carbon nanotubes to a separation medium. A portion of the mixture forms complexes with, and becomes attached to, the separation medium. Exposure to other reagents results in dissociation of the complexes and release of the nanotubes from the separation medium.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 14, 2006
    Publication date: May 6, 2010
    Inventors: Stephen K. Doorn, Michael J. O'Connell, Crystal G. Densmore, Hsing-lin Wang
  • Publication number: 20100038594
    Abstract: The present invention provides integrated bunker storage systems for waste streams based on the composition and characteristics of waste streams. In particular, the present invention provides a process for generating individual waste streams based on a set of material characteristics. According to the system and method of the present invention, individual waste streams from wastes stored in bunkers are mixed in a given feed ratio to generate a feed stock that will produce a desired output from a chemical conversion process, e.g., gasification. Optionally, composition data regarding the feed stock can be certified to a third party.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2009
    Publication date: February 18, 2010
    Inventors: James W. BOHLIG, Douglas R. CASELLA
  • Publication number: 20100024299
    Abstract: An energy contained waste to energy process and system includes a waste treatment unit having a treatment chamber and including a pressurizing presser movably supported in the treatment chamber for pressing the energy contained waste in the treatment chamber until the air within the energy contained waste is squeezed out. A waste to energy conversion unit includes a conversion housing having a reaction chamber for receiving the energy contained waste from the treatment chamber, and a pyrolysis processor for pyrolysis processing the energy contained waste in the reaction chamber to decompose the energy contained waste into a fuel gas and powdered residue. An energy collection unit is communicated with the waste to energy conversion unit to collect the fuel gas and the powdered residue as an energy source for recycling use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2008
    Publication date: February 4, 2010
    Inventor: Ernest Lee
  • Patent number: 7654565
    Abstract: A gas generating system for use in an inflatable vehicle occupant protection system is provided wherein an end closure is coupled to an outer housing at a first end, in a metal-to-metal seal. The gas generating system may also include a baffle system having a plurality of flow orifices defining a flow path for generated gases through an interior of the gas generating system, and a plurality of particulate aggregation surfaces positioned along the flow path of the gases for changing a flow direction of gases impinging on the aggregation surfaces. Each aggregation surface of the plurality of aggregation surfaces is oriented such that a difference between a flow direction of the gases prior to impinging on the aggregation surface and a flow direction of the gases after impinging on the aggregation surface is at least approximately 90°, wherein particulates in gases impinging on the aggregation surfaces aggregate on the surfaces.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2006
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2010
    Assignee: Automotive Systems Laboratory, Inc.
    Inventors: David M. McCormick, Robert M. Hardenburg, Bernardo V. Vergara
  • Publication number: 20090155592
    Abstract: According to the present invention, it is possible to easily provide a polymeric macroparticle of which surface is modified with mesoparticles and nanoparticles, by the step of adhering mesoparticles and nanoparticles to the surface of said polymeric macroparticle to form a composite structure of nanoparticle-mesoparticle-macroparticle, and optionally subjecting to a heat treatment to fix said mesoparticles and nanoparticles onto the surface of macroparticle. In addition, a nanoparticle-polymer composite materials can be provide from the above polymeric macroparticles of which surface is modified with mesoparticles and nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 7, 2007
    Publication date: June 18, 2009
    Applicant: SILVIX CO., LTD
    Inventors: Jung-Hoon Lee, Gilbae Choi
  • Publication number: 20090112045
    Abstract: A vibratory system for asbestos treatment includes a trough with a heat-resistant liner, an opening, and a discharge end. The system also includes a transportation sub-system including a frame that may be coupled to the trough, as well as a vibration generator and resilient members coupled to the frame. Further, the system includes a heating sub-system including a furnace that may be disposed across the opening. A method for asbestos treatment includes disposing the asbestos in the trough, disposing the furnace across the opening, heating the asbestos in the trough to render the asbestos inert, vibrating the trough to move the inert asbestos along the trough to the discharge end, and collecting the inert asbestos from the trough.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2008
    Publication date: April 30, 2009
    Applicant: GENERAL KINEMATICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Oscar L. Mathis, JR., Ronald Fruit, Yong Wei
  • Publication number: 20090016933
    Abstract: A carrier comprises a base plate, a polymeric film, which has been bound on a surface of the base plate, and a ligand, which has been bound with the polymeric film. The ligand has been bound with the polymeric film at a density falling within the range of 1.0×1016 pieces/mm3 to 3.3×1018 pieces/mm3. The carrier is produced with a process, comprising the steps of: causing the polymeric film to bind on the base plate, and causing the ligand to bind with the polymeric film, the step of causing the ligand to bind with the polymeric film being performed in an organic solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Publication date: January 15, 2009
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Koichi MINAMI, Yohsuke Takeuchi
  • Publication number: 20080202336
    Abstract: A flexible adsorbent body comprising, a thermoplastic polymer matrix and a porous adsorbing material, wherein said body possesses a flexural module of elasticity at 23° C. greater than about 10 MPa.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 27, 2005
    Publication date: August 28, 2008
    Inventors: Hans Hofer, Hans-Gerhard Fritz, Jochen Hammer
  • Patent number: 7241323
    Abstract: Solid waste resource recovery in space is effected by pyrolysis processing, to produce light gases as the main products (CH4, H2, CO2, CO, H2O, NH3) and a reactive carbon-rich char as the main byproduct. Significant amounts of liquid products are formed under less severe pyrolysis conditions, and are cracked almost completely to gases as the temperature is raised. A primary pyrolysis model for the composite mixture is based on an existing model for whole biomass materials, and an artificial neural network models the changes in gas composition with the severity of pyrolysis conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 10, 2007
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Serio, Erik Kroo, Marek A. Wojtowicz, Eric M. Suuberg
  • Patent number: 7169197
    Abstract: Solid waste resource recovery in space is effected by pyrolysis processing, to produce light gases as the main products (CH4, H2, CO2, CO, H2O, NH3) and a reactive carbon-rich char as the main byproduct. Significant amounts of liquid products are formed under less severe pyrolysis conditions, and are cracked almost completely to gases as the temperature is raised. A primary pyrolysis model for the composite mixture is based on an existing model for whole biomass materials, and an artificial neural network models the changes in gas composition with the severity of pyrolysis conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: January 30, 2007
    Assignee: Advanced Fuel Research, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael A. Serio, Erik Kroo, Marek A. Wojtowicz, Eric M. Suuberg
  • Patent number: 7141085
    Abstract: The refractory protected, replaceable insert for a gasifier includes a replaceable floor edge insert that is formed with a predetermined mating profile that is complementary to a finished mating profile of the gasifier floor. The geometry of the mating profiles of the replaceable floor edge insert and the gasifier floor permit removable engagement between the floor edge insert and the mating profile of the gasifier floor. The replaceable floor edge insert is protected by a ring-like arrangement of hanging refractory bricks that each include an appendage. Each brick appendage covers a portion of the inner radial edge of the replaceable floor edge insert and also covers an upper surface portion of an underlying quench ring, thus prolonging the life of the floor and the quench ring. A refractory ceramic fiber paper can be provided between the hanging brick and the floor edge and quench ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2003
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignees: Texaco Inc., Texaco Development Corporation
    Inventors: John Corwyn Groen, John D. Winter