Fluorine Patents (Class 423/301)
  • Patent number: 10875781
    Abstract: Reactions are disclosed in which phosphine and hydrogen fluoride are reacted to produce a phosphorus pentafluoride containing gas according the stoichiometry: PH3+4F2?PF5+3HF Further reaction using the phosphorus pentafluoride to produce lithium hexafluorophosphate are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 29, 2020
    Inventor: Gene Lee Hunsucker
  • Patent number: 10822283
    Abstract: A porous material having a hierarchical pore structure, wherein a size and shape of interconnection parts of at least one level pore cavities is consistent with a size and shape of interconnection parts between the level pore cavities and the previous level pore cavities thereof, and an average value of equivalent diameters of the interconnection parts is larger than 45% of that of a diameter of small pore cavities of two adjacent pore cavities of the interconnection parts. The method for preparing the porous material includes: mixing a raw material powder with a pore-forming agent used for preparing the smallest level pores to formulate a slurry; uniformly filling the slurry into a polymeric material frame, and drying and crushing to form mixed grains; then uniformly mixing the mixed grains with the pore-forming agent used for preparing the upper-level pore cavities, forming a compact green body and sintering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 3, 2020
    Assignee: CHONGQING RUZER PHARMACEUTICAL CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Lei Ye
  • Patent number: 10738075
    Abstract: Described herein are new anti-cancer compounds and methods of using such compounds, acting through a new mechanism of action by simultaneous inhibition of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and MDM2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2018
    Date of Patent: August 11, 2020
    Assignee: Evestra, Inc.
    Inventors: Hareesh Nair, Bindu Santhamma, Klaus Nickisch
  • Patent number: 10710050
    Abstract: The present invention provides that powder is mainly constituted from secondary particles of hydroxyapatite. The secondary particles are obtained by drying a slurry containing primary particles of hydroxyapatite and aggregates thereof and granulating the primary particles and the aggregates. A bulk density of the powder is 0.65 g/mL or more and a specific surface area of the secondary particles is 70 m2/g or more. The powder of the present invention has high strength and is capable of exhibiting superior adsorption capability when it is used for an adsorbent an adsorption apparatus has.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2016
    Date of Patent: July 14, 2020
    Assignee: HOYA CORPORATION
    Inventor: Shintaro Kobayashi
  • Patent number: 10461365
    Abstract: The objective of the present invention is to provide a clear conductive material with less turbidity, methods for producing and purifying the conductive material, and a nonaqueous electrolyte solution and an antistatic agent which contain the conductive material. The conductive material of the present invention comprises a fluorosulfonylimide salt represented by the following formula (1): wherein X is F of a C1-6 fluoroalkyl group, and at least one organic solvent selected from the group consisting of a carbonate solvent, an ester solvent, a ketone solvent and an alcohol solvent, wherein a concentration of the fluorosulfonylimide salt is 0.1 mol/L or more, and a turbidity is 50 NTU/mol-LiFSI or less; and the production method of the present invention comprises the step of filtering a solution comprising the fluorosulfonylimide salt and the organic solvent by using a filter medium comprising the specific material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: October 29, 2019
    Assignee: NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Hiromoto Katsuyama
  • Patent number: 10442698
    Abstract: A process for producing a hexafluorophosphate salt comprises neutralizing hexafluorophosphoric acid with an organic Lewis base, to obtain an organic hexafluorophosphate salt. The organic hexafluorophosphate salt is reacted with an alkali hydroxide selected from an alkali metal hydroxide (other than LiOH) and an alkaline earth metal hydroxide, in a non-aqueous suspension medium, to obtain an alkali hexafluorophosphate salt as a precipitate. A liquid phase comprising the non-aqueous suspension medium, any unreacted organic Lewis base and any water that has formed during the reaction to form the precipitate, is removed. Thereby, the alkali hexafluorophosphate salt is recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2019
    Assignee: THE SOUTH AFRICAN NUCLEAR ENERGY CORPORATION LIMITED
    Inventors: Mpho Diphago Stanley Lekgoathi, Johannes Petrus Le Roux
  • Patent number: 10407306
    Abstract: A method of producing fluoroapatite powder by using a calcium compound, a phosphate compound, and a fluorine compound as a raw material is provided. The method comprises: preparing a slurry containing fluoroapatite produced from the raw material by using a wet process; applying an ultrasonic wave to the slurry; and drying the slurry to obtain the fluoroapatite powder mainly constituted of the fluoroapatite. The method provides fluoroapatite powder having improved particle strength. Further, an adsorption apparatus including the fluoroapatite powder is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2009
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2019
    Assignee: HOYA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Yoshiyuki Ogawara, Tomohiko Yoshitake, Yukiko Murakami
  • Patent number: 10350168
    Abstract: Dermal delivery compositions are provided. Aspects of the dermal delivery compositions include the presence of active agent-calcium phosphate particle complexes, where these complexes include uniform, rigid, spherical nanoporous calcium phosphate particles associated with one or more active agents. Also provided are methods of using the compositions in active agent delivery applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2017
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2019
    Assignee: Laboratory Skin Care, Inc.
    Inventor: Zahra Mansouri
  • Patent number: 10329155
    Abstract: To provide a manufacturing method with which lithium difluorophosphate powder can be recovered from a lithium difluorophosphate solution. A method for manufacturing lithium difluorophosphate powder is used which includes the steps of precipitating solid lithium difluorophosphate by adding a poor solvent to a solution in which lithium difluorophosphate is dissolved in a main solvent, and obtaining lithium difluorophosphate powder by solid-liquid separation of the solid lithium difluorophosphate from the liquid containing the main solvent and the poor solvent, wherein the relational expression between the octanol/water partition coefficient PP of the main solvent and the octanol/water partition coefficient PA of the poor solvent is defined by the following formula (1). PA??4/3×PP+1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 17, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Keita Nakahara, Takayoshi Morinaka, Yuta Ikeda, Natsuya Nishimura
  • Patent number: 10283758
    Abstract: The present invention aims to maximize the advantageous physical properties of sulfur and provide a cathode mixture that can be suitably used in a cathode mixture layer of an all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery having excellent charge/discharge capacity. The present invention also aims to provide an all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery including a cathode mixture layer containing the cathode mixture. The present invention relates to a cathode mixture for use in a cathode mixture layer of an all-solid-state lithium-sulfur battery, the cathode mixture containing the following components (A) to (D): (A) sulfur and/or its discharge product; (B) elemental phosphorus and/or PxSy where x and y independently represent an integer that gives a stoichiometric ratio; (C) an ion-conductive material; and (D) a conductive material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 1, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2019
    Assignee: Nagase ChemteX Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroshi Nagata, Yasuo Chikusa
  • Patent number: 9731968
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for producing a fluoride gas that can produces fluoride gases such as BF3, SiF4, GeF4, PF5 or AsF5 at a reduced production cost in a simple manner. The process is characterized in that a compound containing an atom, which, together with a fluorine atom, can form a polyatomic ion, is added to a hydrogen fluoride solution to produce the polyatomic ion in a hydrogen fluoride solution and to evolve a fluoride gas comprising the fluorine atom and the atom that, together with the fluorine atom, can form a polyatomic ion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: STELLA CHEMIFA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masahide Waki, Tatsuhiro Yabune, Kazuhiro Miyamoto, Kazutaka Hirano
  • Patent number: 9677152
    Abstract: To provide a method for recovering lithium, that is capable of efficiently recovering lithium without containing impurities, such as phosphorus and fluorine, from a lithium-containing solution containing lithium hexafluorophosphate and separated from a lithium ion battery. In the present invention, alkali hydroxide is added to the lithium-containing solution and the solution is made to have pH 9 or more, a precipitate of a phosphate and a fluoride salt is formed, the formed precipitate is separated and removed, and then lithium is recovered from filtrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 13, 2017
    Assignee: SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Satoshi Asano, Hitoshi Ishida, Takayuki Nakai
  • Patent number: 9343774
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for forming lithium hexafluorophosphate by reacting together phosphorus trichloride, chlorine and lithium chloride in a nonaqueous organic solvent and then making the reaction product formed in the solvent react with hydrogen fluoride. This method is characterized by that a lithium hexafluorophosphate concentrated liquid is obtained by conducting a filtration after making the reaction product formed in the solvent react with hydrogen fluoride and then subjecting the filtrate to a concentration by degassing. By this method, it is possible to easily produce a high-purity, lithium hexafluorophosphate concentrated liquid at a low cost.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 17, 2016
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Meguru Oe, Keiji Sato, Mitsuya Ohashi, Toshinori Mitsui
  • Patent number: 9156693
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for the preparation of compounds of general formula (I) Lia-bM1bQ1-cM2cPd-eM3eOx (l), wherein Q has the oxidation state +2 and M1, M2, M3,a, b, c, d, e and x are: Q: Fe, Mn, Co, Ni, M1: Na, K, Rb and/or Cs, M2: Mg, Al, Ca, Ti, Co, Ni, Cr, V, Fe, Mn, wherein Q and M2 are different from each other,M3: Si, S, F a: 0.8-1.9, b: 0-0.3, c: 0-0.9, d: 0.8-1.9, e: 0-0.5, x: 1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 13, 2015
    Assignee: BASF SE
    Inventors: Kirill Bramnik, Hartmut Hibst, Jordan Keith Lampert, Simon Schroedle
  • Patent number: 9130213
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions and methods for producing a cathode for a secondary battery, where a fluorophosphate of the formula LixNa2-xMnPO4F is used as an electrode material. LixNa2-xMnPO4F is prepared by partially substituting a sodium site with lithium through a chemical method. LixNa2-xMnPO4F prepared according to the invention provides a cathode material for a lithium battery that has improved electrochemical activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2015
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Korea Electronics Technology Institute
    Inventors: Dong Gun Kim, Sa Heum Kim, Young Jun Kim, Jun Ho Song, Woo Suk Cho, Jeom Soo Kim, Sang Min Kim
  • Patent number: 9090471
    Abstract: This application provides a novel method for producing a tetracalcium phosphate-based fluorapatite. Also provided is a method of using the fluorapatite for repairing enamel defects.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 28, 2015
    Assignee: Peking University
    Inventors: Shicheng Wei, Jie Wei, Xiaochen Liu, Chengjie Wang, Yifei Zhang
  • Patent number: 9059480
    Abstract: An object is to provide a method of manufacturing a hexafluorophosphate, that can simply and easily manufacture an inexpensive and high-quality hexafluorophosphate while suppressing the manufacturing cost, an electrolytic solution containing a hexafluorophosphate, and an electricity storage device including the electrolytic solution. The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing a hexafluorophosphate, which comprises reacting at least a phosphorus compound with a fluoride represented by MFs.r(HF) (wherein 0?r?6, 1?s?3, and M is at least one kind selected from the group consisting of Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, NH4, Ag, Mg, Ca, Ba, Zn, Cu, Pb, Al and Fe) to produce a hexafluorophosphate represented by the chemical formula M(PF6)s.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 16, 2015
    Assignee: STELLA CHEMIFA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masahide Waki, Tatsuhiro Yabune, Kazuhiro Miyamoto, Kazutaka Hirano
  • Publication number: 20150140332
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing high-purity lithium fluoride proceeding from lithium carbonate, and to lithium fluoride having a preferred morphology.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Matthias Boll, Wolfgang Ebenbeck, Eberhard Kuckert
  • Patent number: 9034290
    Abstract: An object the invention is to provide a phosphorus pentafluoride producing process wherein phosphorus pentafluoride is separated/extracted from a pentavalent phosphorus compound or a solution thereof, or a composition obtained by allowing the pentavalent phosphorus compound or the solution thereof to react with hydrogen fluoride, thereby producing phosphorus pentafluoride; and a phosphate hexafluoride producing process wherein the resultant phosphorus pentafluoride is used as raw material to produce a phosphate hexafluoride high in purity. The present invention relates to a process for producing phosphorus pentafluoride, wherein a carrier gas is brought into contact with either of the following one: a pentavalent phosphorus compound, a solution thereof, or a solution in which a composition obtained by allowing the pentavalent phosphorus compound or the solution thereof to react with hydrogen fluoride is dissolved, thereby a phosphorus pentafluoride is extracted into the career gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: May 19, 2015
    Assignee: STELLA CHEMIFA CORPORATION
    Inventors: Masahide Waki, Shinji Hashiguchi, Kazutaka Hirano
  • Patent number: 9028786
    Abstract: To provide a technique for simply and easily producing a high-purity difluorophosphate and provide a production process of an electrolytic solution using the obtained difluorophosphate, an electrolytic solution and a secondary battery. A process for producing a difluorophosphate, comprising the following step (1) or (2): (1) reacting (A) at least one member selected from the group consisting of oxoacids, oxoacid anhydrides and oxyhalides of phosphorus with (B) a hexafluorophosphate in the presence of hydrogen fluoride, or (2) reacting at least one halide selected from the group consisting of alkali metal halides, alkaline earth metal halides, aluminum halides and onium halides with difluorophosphoric acid in the presence of a hexafluorophosphate. Also, a nonaqueous electrolytic solution containing the obtained difluorophosphate, and a nonaqueous electrolytic secondary battery containing the nonaqueous electrolytic solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 12, 2015
    Assignees: Stella Chemifa Corporation, Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Tetsuo Nishida, Megumi Tomisaki, Kazuhiko Shogami, Hideki Nakashima, Hirofumi Suzuki, Takashi Fujii
  • Publication number: 20150093316
    Abstract: A method of purifying PF5, which comprises the steps of (a) contacting a composition comprising PF5 and an impurity with a super absorbent polymer or NaF, and (b) removing the composition from the super absorbent polymer or NaF, wherein the amount of the impurity in the composition is reduced. Compositions comprising PF5, HF and super absorbent polymer or NaF.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Bernard E. Pointner
  • Patent number: 8980214
    Abstract: A difluorophosphate effective as an additive for a nonaqueous electrolyte for secondary battery is produced by a simple method from inexpensive common materials. The difluorophosphate is produced by reacting lithium hexafluorophosphate with a carbonate in a nonaqueous solvent. The liquid reaction mixture resulting from this reaction is supplied for providing the difluorophosphate in a nonaqueous electrolyte comprising a nonaqueous solvent which contains at least a hexafluorophosphate as an electrolyte lithium salt and further contains a difluorophosphate. Also provided is a nonaqueous-electrolyte secondary battery employing this nonaqueous electrolyte.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2005
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Ryoichi Kato, Hirofumi Suzuki, Jun Sasahara, Hitoshi Suzuki
  • Publication number: 20150064091
    Abstract: A process for preparing difluorophosphate comprising reacting difluorophosphoric acid with at least one salt, as a raw material, selected from a halide salt, a carbonate, a phosphate, a hydroxide and an oxide of an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal or an onium in the difluoraphosphoric acid, then separating a precipitate from the difluorophosphoric acid by solid-liquid separation, the precipitate being precipitated by crystallization operation in the difluorophosphoric acid, and removing the difluorophosphoric acid contained in the precipitate by distillation to obtain difluorophosphate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2012
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Tetsuo Nishida, Kazuhiko Shogami, Tomoya Satoh
  • Publication number: 20150044118
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing low-chloride LiPF6, in particular low-chloride LiPF6 solutions, from PCl3 as starting material and via PCl5 as intermediate product, and also to apparatus to be used for this.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 18, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Matthias Boll, Wolfgang Ebenbeck, Eberhard Kuckert
  • Patent number: 8906254
    Abstract: Disclosed are a cathode material for a secondary battery, and a manufacturing method of the same. The cathode material includes a lithium manganese phosphate LiMnPO4/sodium manganese fluorophosphate Na2MnPO4F composite, in which the LiMnPO4 and Na2MnPO4F have different crystal structures. Additionally, the method of manufacturing the cathode material may be done in a single step through a hydrothermal synthesis, which greatly reduces the time and cost of production. Additionally, the disclosure provides that the electric conductivity of the cathode material may be improved through carbon coating, thereby providing a cathode material with excellent electrochemical activity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignees: Hyundai Motor Company, Korea Electronics Technology Institute
    Inventors: Sa Heum Kim, Dong Gun Kim, Young Jun Kim, Jun Ho Song, Woo Suk Cho, Jeom Soo Kim, Dong Jin Kim
  • Patent number: 8889091
    Abstract: LiPO2F2, an electrolyte salt additive for batteries, is manufactured by the reaction of POF3, PF5 or mixtures thereof, with Li3PO4 forming a reaction mixture comprising LiPO2F2. When POF3 is applied, the reaction mixture which contains essentially only LiPO2F2 is preferably extracted from the reaction mixture with a solvent which also is applicable as solvent for lithium ion batteries. If PF5 is applied, then, depending on the molar ratio of PF5 and Li3PO4, the reaction mixture also contains LiF and/or LiPF6. To isolate pure LiPO2F2 from LiF, the reaction mixture containing essentially only LiPO2F2 and LiF may for example, be extracted with dimethoxyethane, acetone, dimethyl carbonate or propylene carbonate. To isolate pure LiPO2F2 from LiPF6, the reaction mixture containing essentially only these constituents is preferably extracted with a solvent which also is applicable as solvent for the LiPF6 in lithium ion batteries to dissolve and remove LiPF6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Solvay SA
    Inventors: Alf Schulz, Placido Garcia-Juan
  • Patent number: 8883707
    Abstract: Provided are azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions of PF5 and HF, and methods of making such compositions. Such azeotropic and azeotrope-like compositions can be used, for example, in processes for producing LiPF6.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 11, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan J. Hulse, Rajat S. Basu, Matthew H. Luly
  • Patent number: 8840856
    Abstract: To provide an imide salt represented by the formula wherein, R represents a halosulfonyl group (—SO2X1 where X1 is a halogen such as fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine) or dihalophosphoryl group (—POX2X3 where X2 and X3 are the same or different halogens such as fluorine, chlorine, bromine and iodine), and M represents an alkali metal; with high selectivity and high efficiency by using a low-cost starting material. In the production of an imide salt, an alkali metal fluoride, a sulfuryl halide or phosphoryl halide, and ammonia or an ammonium salt are reacted. According to this method, a desired imide salt can be produced with high yield, while greatly suppressing the production of a by-product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 23, 2014
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takayoshi Morinaka, Tsutomu Nanmyo
  • Publication number: 20140246619
    Abstract: In general, the invention relates to electrode materials, e.g., novel cathode materials with high density, low cost, and high safety. A voltage design strategy based on the mixing of different transition metals in crystal structures known to be able to accommodate lithium in insertion and delithiation is presented herein. By mixing a metal active on the +2/+3 couple (e.g., Fe) with an element active on the +3/+5 or +3/+6 couples (e.g., V or Mo), high capacity multi-electron cathodes are designed in an adequate voltage window.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Publication date: September 4, 2014
    Applicant: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Geoffroy Hautier, Anubhav Jain, Timothy Keith Mueller, Gerbrand Ceder
  • Patent number: 8815058
    Abstract: Arsenic can be an impurity in phosphorous pentafluoride production processes. It is desirable to remove arsenic from phosphorous pentafluoride prior to using of the phosphorous pentafluoride in the production of lithium hexafluorophosphate. The present technology provides methods of removing arsenic from phosphorous pentafluoride by extractive distillation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Ryan J. Hulse, Bernie E. Pointner
  • Patent number: 8815199
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method for producing “a salt or a complex comprising imide and an organic base”, characterized by reacting halogenated sulfuryl or halogenated phosphoryl with ammonia in the presence of an organic base. According to this method, a target imide compound can be produced in a high yield while significantly suppressing the production of by-products. Further, by reacting the obtained imide compound with an alkali metal hydroxide or an alkaline earth metal hydroxide, an imide metal salt can be easily derived.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Takayoshi Morinaka, Tsutomu Nanmyo
  • Publication number: 20140205916
    Abstract: Mixtures comprising LiPO2F2 and LiPF6 both of which are electrolyte salts or additive for, i.a., Li ion batteries, are manufactured by the reaction of POF3 and LiF. The mixtures can be extracted with suitable solvents to provide solutions containing LiPO2F2 and LiPF6 which can be applied for the manufacture of Li ion batteries, Li-air batteries and Li-sulfur batteries. Equimolar mixtures comprising LiPO2F2 and LiPF6 are also described, as well as a method for the manufacture of electrolyte compositions obtained by the extraction of equimolar mixtures comprising LiPO2F2 and LiPF6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 31, 2012
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Placido Garcia-Juan, Alf Schulz
  • Patent number: 8784763
    Abstract: Processes and systems for the production of phosphorus pentafluoride (PF5) through continuous fluorination of phosphorus are provided herein. A phosphorus feed stream and a fluorine feed stream are provided to a reactor, wherein they are reacted in a gas-gas or liquid-gas reaction to produce phosphorus pentafluoride (PF5). The phosphorus feed can be derived from white phosphorus or yellow phosphorus, and can be provided to the reactor as a liquid or a vapor. The fluorine can be provided to the reactor as a vapor, and preferably comprises elemental fluorine gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 22, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Robert A. Smith, Haridasan K. Nair, Philip DePrato, Konstantin A. Pokrovski, Daniel C. Merkel, Kevin Uhrich, Stephen A. Cottrell, Daniel J. Brenner
  • Patent number: 8771882
    Abstract: There is provided a method for producing an electrolyte solution for lithium ion batteries, in which lithium hexafluorophosphate is used as an electrolyte, comprising the steps of (a) reacting phosphorus trichloride, chlorine and lithium chloride in a nonaqueous organic solvent; and (b) reacting a reaction product of the step (a) formed in the solvent, with hydrogen fluoride.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Central Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Keiji Sato, Meguru Oe
  • Patent number: 8753601
    Abstract: Described is a method for the production of metal salts, wherein the cationic metal is preferably selected from Group I to IV metals and mixtures thereof and the anionic group is selected from phosphates, silicates, sulfates, carbonates, hydroxides, fluorides and mixtures thereof, and wherein said method comprises forming a mixture of at least one metal source that is a metal carboxylate with a mean carbon value per carboxylate group of at least 3 and at least one anion source into droplets and oxiding said droplets in a high temperature environment, preferably a flame. This method is especially suited for the production of calcium phosphate biomaterials such as hydroxyapatite (HAp,Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2) and tricalcium phosphate (TCP,Ca3(PO4)2) that exhibit excellent biocompatibility and osteoconductivity and therefore are widely used for reparation of bony or periodontal defects, coating of metallic implants and bone space fillers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule Zurich
    Inventors: Wendelin Jan Stark, Sotiris-Emmanuel Pratsinis, Marek Maciejewski, Stefan Fridolin Loher, Alfons Baiker
  • Publication number: 20140161852
    Abstract: Disclosed are compositions and methods for reducing dentin hypersensitivity. Also disclosed are compositions containing calcium fluoride nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 20, 2012
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER
    Inventors: Yangfang Ren, Qin Amy Wang, Hans Malmstrom
  • Publication number: 20140079619
    Abstract: A process for producing phosphorus pentafluoride by the reaction of elemental phosphorus and elemental fluorine gas, comprising supplying to the reaction non-stoichiometric amounts of elemental phosphorus and elemental fluorine gas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Applicant: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Matthew H. Luly, Haridasan K. Nair, Dan Hage
  • Patent number: 8652431
    Abstract: A method of synthesis of a metal fluorophosphate having the following general formula (1): XaMb(PO4)cFd (1), in which: X is an alkaline metal selected among sodium (Na) and lithium (Li) or a mixture of said metals; M is a transition metal selected among the following elements: Co, Ni, Fe, Mn, V, Cu, Ti, Al, Cr, Mo, Nb or a combination of at least two of said metals, 0?a?5; 0.5?b?3; 0.5?c?3; and d is an integer equal to 1, 2 or 3. The method contains an electric-field-activated sintering process for a mixture (1) formed by at least one first phosphate-containing solid precursor and at least one second fluorine-containing solid precursor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignees: Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique et aux Energies Alternatives, Centre Nationale de Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Sébastien Patoux, Carole Bourbon, Erwan Dumont-Botto, Mickael Dolle, Patrick Rozier
  • Publication number: 20140037521
    Abstract: The invention generally relates to methods of selectively removing lithium from various liquids, methods of producing high purity lithium carbonate, methods of producing high purity lithium hydroxide, and methods of regenerating resin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2013
    Publication date: February 6, 2014
    Applicant: Simbol Inc.
    Inventors: Stephen Harrison, Robert Blanchet
  • Patent number: 8609055
    Abstract: A method of producing fluoroapatite by using a calcium-based compound containing calcium, hydrogen fluoride and phosphoric acid is provided. The method can be produced fluoroapatite having improved acid resistance by reducing an amount of an impurity derived from a raw material to a low or very low level, and ability capable of separating a large amount of a protein due to a large specific surface area thereof. Further, fluoroapatite having high acid resistance and a large specific surface area is also provided. Furthermore, an adsorption apparatus using such fluoroapatite is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Yoshiyuki Ogawara, Tomohiko Yoshitake, Yukiki Murakami
  • Publication number: 20130323812
    Abstract: Methods and compositions are provided for treatment of an apatite-based resin from which retained solutes have been eluted by an elution buffer that contains an alkali metal salt with solutions of calcium ion, phosphate ion, and hydroxide separately from any sample loading and elution buffers. The treatment solutions restore the resin, reversing the deterioration that is caused by the alkali metal salt in the elution buffer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc.
    Inventors: Larry J. Cummings, Jie He
  • Publication number: 20130309308
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method of converting limestone into tri-calcium phosphate (TCP) and tetra-calcium phosphate (TTCP) powder simultaneously. In particular, the method provides for a method of converting limestone into TCP and CTTCP powder simultaneously having specific particle size and with specific crystallographic structure.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Publication date: November 21, 2013
    Applicant: SIRIM Berhad
    Inventors: Fazilah Binti Fazan, Sudirman Bin Sahid, Wan Ruzaini Bin Wan Sulaiman, Norshahida Binti Kader Bashah
  • Publication number: 20130236856
    Abstract: Provided are a hard tissue restoration material, which is excellent in hard tissue restoration ability, extremely effective in promoting recalcification of dental enamel, and excellent in protection properties and aesthetic properties, and a hard tissue restoration method. The hard tissue restoration material according to the present invention is a biocompatible ceramic film with flexibility and pliability that is obtained, for example, by immersing a substrate, having the biocompatible ceramic film formed thereon, in a solvent, which does not dissolve the biocompatible ceramic but dissolves at least a portion of the substrate, to dissolve or separate the substrate. Also, with the hard tissue restoration method according to the present invention, the hard tissue restoration material according to the present invention is bonded to or wound around a hard tissue defect site.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 29, 2013
    Publication date: September 12, 2013
    Applicant: KINKI UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Shigeki HONTSU, Hiroaki NISHIKAWA, Masanobu KUSUNOKI, Kazushi YOSHIKAWA, Kazuyo YAMAMOTO
  • Publication number: 20130177491
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing phosphorus pentafluoride comprising reacting phosphorus trihalide represented by Formula: PX3, wherein X represents F, Cl or Br, with gas-phase molecular halogen and hydrogen fluoride. The method of the present invention makes it possible to efficiently produce phosphorus pentafluoride at low cost on an industrial scale.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: July 11, 2013
    Inventors: Atsushi Suzuki, Seiji Takubo
  • Patent number: 8470278
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing phosphorus pentafluoride and hexafluorophosphate can suppress the manufacturing cost and also can manufacture high-quality phosphorus pentafluoride from an inexpensive and low-quality raw material. The raw material for the method can include at least a phosphorus atom and a fluorine atom. These are brought into contact with a carrier gas, and a phosphorus pentafluoride is extracted and separated into the carrier gas. A method of manufacturing hexafluorophosphate includes reacting fluoride with the resulting phosphorus pentafluoride according to the following chemical reaction scheme: sPF5+AFs?A(PF6)s, in which s is in the range of 1?s?3, and A is at least one of the following: Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, NH4, Ag, Mg, Ca, Ba, Zn, Cu, Pb, Al and Fe.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 4, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2013
    Assignee: Stella Chemifa Corporation
    Inventors: Masahide Waki, Tatsuhiro Yabune, Kazuhiro Miyamoto, Kazutaka Hirano
  • Publication number: 20130129595
    Abstract: LiPO2F2, an electrolyte salt additive for batteries, is manufactured by the reaction of POF3, PF5 or mixtures thereof, with Li3PO4 forming a reaction mixture comprising LiPO2F2. When POF3 is applied, the reaction mixture which contains essentially only LiPO2F2 is preferably extracted from the reaction mixture with a solvent which also is applicable as solvent for lithium ion batteries. If PF5 is applied, then, depending on the molar ratio of PF5 and Li3PO4, the reaction mixture also contains LiF and/or LiPF6. To isolate pure LiPO2F2 from LiF, the reaction mixture containing essentially only LiPO2F2 and LiF may for example, be extracted with dimethoxyethane, acetone, dimethyl carbonate or propylene carbonate. To isolate pure LiPO2F2 from LiPF6, the reaction mixture containing essentially only these constituents is preferably extracted with a solvent which also is applicable as solvent for the LiPF6 in lithium ion batteries to dissolve and remove LiPF6.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 23, 2013
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Alf Schulz, Placido Garcia-Juan
  • Publication number: 20130115522
    Abstract: LiPO2F2 is manufactured by the reaction of compounds of the general formula (I), LiXYPO4, wherein X and Y are the same or different and denote H or Li, with anhydrous HF forming a reaction mixture comprising LiPO2F2. Preferably, LiH2PO4 is applied as starting material. LiPO2F2 can be isolated from the reaction mixture by extraction with dimethyl carbonate or propylene carbonate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Publication date: May 9, 2013
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Placido Garcia-Juan, Alf Schulz
  • Patent number: 8435473
    Abstract: Disclosed is a superconducting compound which has a structure obtained by partially substituting oxygen ions of a compound, which is represented by the following chemical formula; LnTMOPh [wherein Ln represents at least one element selected from Y and rare earth metal elements (La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb and Lu), TM represents at least one element selected from transition metal elements (Fe, Ru, Os, Ni, Pd and Pt), and Pn represents at least one element selected from pnictide elements (N, P, As and Sb)] and has a ZrCuSiAs-type crystal structure (space group P4/nmm), with at least one kind of monovalent anion (F?, Cl? or Br?). The superconducting compound alternatively has a structure obtained by partially substituting Ln ions of the compound with at least one kind of tetravalent metal ion (Ti4+, Zr4+, Hf4+, C4+, Si4+, Ge4+, Sn4+ or Pb4+) or a structure obtained by partially substituting Ln ions of the compound with at least one kind of divalent metal ion (Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+ or Ba2+).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Japan Science and Technology Agency
    Inventors: Hideo Hosono, Yoichi Kamihara, Masahiro Hirano, Toshio Kamiya, Hiroshi Yanagi
  • Publication number: 20130108933
    Abstract: LiPO2F2 is manufactured by the reaction of P4O10 with LiF forming a reaction mixture comprising LiPO2F2. To isolate pure LiPO2F2, the reaction mixture is extracted with water, organic solvents or mixtures thereof, and if desired, pure LiPO2F2 is isolated from the solution. The pure LiPO2F2 can be re-dissolved in suitable organic solvents, e.g. in fluorinated and/or non-fluorinated organic carbonates. Another aspect of the present invention is crystalline LiPO2F2. LiPO2F2 is suitable as electrolyte salt or as electrolyte salt additive for Li ion batteries, for lithium-sulfur batteries and for lithium-oxygen batteries.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: SOLVAY SA
    Inventors: Placido Garcia-Juan, Alf Schulz
  • Publication number: 20130089777
    Abstract: An inventive electrolyte material contains a lithium salt comprising the following components (A1) and (B), or contains the following components (A1), (A2) and (B): (A1) a lithium cation; (A2) an organic cation; and (B) a cyanofluorophosphate anion represented by the following general formula (1): ?P(CN)nF6-n??(1) wherein n is an integer of 1 to 5. The inventive electrolyte material is excellent in electrochemical properties, i.e., has a higher electrical conductivity and a higher oxidation potential, and is capable of forming an electrode protection film, so that a highly safe lithium secondary battery can be provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 11, 2011
    Publication date: April 11, 2013
    Applicant: THE NIPPON SYNTHETIC CHEMICAL INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Ryouta Tatsumi, Yasuhiro Aoki, Seiji Maeda, Mio Miyano, Seiichirou Hayakawa