Iron Patents (Class 423/632)
  • Patent number: 10941047
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing magnetite with a purity of no less than 90% and higher than 98%, by oxidation of pulverized wustite (iron oxide), at temperatures ranging from 200° C. to 800° C., with the addition of water in liquid or steam form, in counter-current or concurrently, in an externally heated reaction chamber with a controlled atmosphere. The amount of water used to oxidize the wustite being 60 to 500 ml per kilogram of wustite, the grains of wustite powder are injected into the reaction chamber having a size no greater than 100 ?m for optimal reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2018
    Date of Patent: March 9, 2021
    Inventor: Gabriel Santiago Jaramillo Botero
  • Patent number: 10843935
    Abstract: The application relates to a method for preparing magnetite, comprising steps of: a) reaction at a temperature of 100° to 500° C. of a material containing wüstite with water, in order to obtain a solid comprising magnetite, and then b) recovery of the magnetite in the form of particles wherein more than 25% by weight are of nanometric size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 6, 2017
    Date of Patent: November 24, 2020
    Assignees: CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE, UNIVERSITE D'AIX-MARSEILLE
    Inventors: Fabrice Brunet, Camille Crouzet, Bruno Goffe
  • Patent number: 10584202
    Abstract: A photovoltaic element has excellent durability owing to an electron extraction layer in which an inorganic compound and an electron-donating group are more firmly bonded to each other, and includes at least a cathode, an electron extraction layer, a photoelectric conversion layer and an anode in this order, the electron extraction layer containing an inorganic compound (A), and an organic compound (B) having an electron-donating group and a bonding group, the electron extraction layer having an inorganic/organic hybrid structure in which the inorganic compound (A) and at least a part of the organic compound (B) are bonded to each other via the bonding group.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc
    Inventors: Shuhei Yamamoto, Satoru Shimomura, Daisuke Kitazawa
  • Patent number: 9809476
    Abstract: A preparation method of Bacillus subtilis biological composite material loaded with Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles with core-shell structure includes the following steps: 1) preparation of Fe3O4 nanoparticles, 2) preparation of Fe3O4@mSiO2 nanoparticles, 3) preparation of Fe3O4@mSiO2@MANHE nanoparticles; and 4) preparation of Bacillus subtilis@Fe3O4@mSiO2@MANHE composite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 7, 2017
    Assignee: Soochow University
    Inventors: Jianmei Lu, Dongyun Chen
  • Patent number: 9359265
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein provide for nanofertilizers having at least one plant nutrient coated onto a metal nanoparticle. Some embodiments provide for a method of making a nanofertilizer including providing a metal nanoparticle and coating the metal nanoparticle with at least one plant nutrient or precursor thereof. In some embodiments, a method of making a nanofertilizer may include mixing a metal salt and a plant nutrient in an aqueous medium to form a solution and adding a reducing agent to the solution to form a coated metal nanoparticle. Some embodiments provide for a boron nanofertilizer and methods of making the same. Some embodiments provide for a method of treating a plant nutrient deficiency, such as, for example, a boron deficiency. Some embodiments also provide for a kit for making a plant nutrient coated nanoparticle.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: June 7, 2016
    Assignee: University of Calcutta
    Inventor: Nilanjan Deb
  • Patent number: 9331607
    Abstract: A large strain polymer nanocomposite actuator is provided that upon subjected to an external stimulus, such as a magnetic field (static or electromagnetic field), an electric field, thermal energy, light, etc., will deform to thereby enable mechanical manipulations of structural components in a remote and wireless manner.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2016
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Administrator of National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    Inventors: Mitra Yoonessi, Michael A Meador
  • Patent number: 9238768
    Abstract: An abrasive grain is disclosed and may include a body. The body may define a length (l), a height (h), and a width (w). In a particular aspect, the length is greater than or equal to the height and the height is greater than or equal to the width. Further, in a particular aspect, the body may include a primary aspect ratio defined by the ratio of length:height of at least about 2:1. The body may also include an upright orientation probability of at least about 50%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2016
    Assignee: SAINT-GOBAIN CERAMICS & PLASTICS, INC.
    Inventors: Doruk O. Yener, Jennifer H. Czerepinski, Sujatha Iyengar, Michael D. Kavanaugh, Alan J. Brandes, Christopher Arcona, Ralph Bauer, Yves Boussant-Roux, Tracy H. Panzarella
  • Patent number: 9051180
    Abstract: Shape controlled synthesis of ferroelectric nanocrystals such as barium titanate (BaTiO3) nanocrystals is described. By tuning the molar ratio between the surfactant and the metal precursors, BaTiO3 nanocrystals with different shapes are readily obtained. This provides the nanoscopic ferroelectric building blocks for the fabrication of various electronic devices, as well as for fundamental research in nanoscience and nanotechnology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2015
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Lin Zhiqun, Jun Wang
  • Publication number: 20150125536
    Abstract: This disclosure provides compositions and methods for promoting the formation, expansion and recruitment of TR1 cells and/or Breg cells in an antigen-specific manner and treating autoimmune diseases and disorders in a subject in need thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 3, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Pedro Santamaria
  • Publication number: 20150098883
    Abstract: The present invention disclosed use of lactam as a solvent in the preparation of nanomaterials by precipitation method, sol-gel method or high temperature pyrolysis. These methods are able to recycle lactam solvent, which meet requirements of environmental protection.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 19, 2012
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: SHANGHAI GENIUS ADVANCED MATERIAL (GROUP) CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Housheng Xia, Guisheng Yang
  • Patent number: 8986648
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for continuously preparing mineral particles by means of the thermolysis of mineral precursors in an aqueous medium, comprising contacting: a reactive flow, including mineral precursors at a temperature lower than the conversion temperature thereof; and a heat transfer flow that is countercurrent to said reactive flow and contains water at a temperature that is sufficient to bring the precursors to a temperature higher than the conversion temperature thereof, the mixture flow that results from said reactive flow and said heat transfer flow then being conveyed into a tubular reactor, inside of which particles are formed by gradually converting the precursors, and where the reactive flow and the heat transfer flow are placed in contact with each other inside a mixing chamber, inside of which the reactive flow and the heat transfer flow are fed by supply pipes having outlet cross-sections that are smaller than the maximum cross-section of said mixing chamber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignees: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (C.N.R.S.), Universite de Bourgogne
    Inventors: Daniel Aymes, Moustapha Ariane, Frédéric Bernard, Hervé Muhr, Frédéric Demoisson
  • Publication number: 20150064103
    Abstract: Methods of making iron-based ferrite nanocrystals are provided. In such methods the ferrite may include iron oxides and iron/cobalt or iron/manganese mixed salts. The method may include thermal decomposition of one or more precursors of the ferrite, consisting of an organic salt of the metal or metals constituting the ferrite of interest, comprising the operation of heating a solution comprising said precursor(s) in the presence of a surfactant and of a non-aqueous organic solvent comprising an ether, at temperature sufficient to cause thermal decomposition of said precursor, wherein the solvent may further comprise a saturated or unsaturated, linear or branched aliphatic hydrocarbon, liquid at temperatures above 45° C. and having a boiling point above the boiling point of the ethereal solvent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 5, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Pablo Guardia Giros, Andreas Riedinger, Simone Nitti, Teresa Pellegrino, Liberato Manna, Roberto Cingolani
  • Patent number: 8967492
    Abstract: A droplet generation system includes a first nozzle configuration structured to receive a liquid and a gas under pressure in a controllable feed ratio, and to merge the liquid and gas to form an intermediate stream that is a mixture of the gas and of a dispersed phase of the liquid. A second nozzle configuration is connected to receive the intermediate stream from the first nozzle configuration and has a valve mechanism with one or more controllable operating parameters to emit a stream of droplets of the liquid. The mean size of the droplets is dependent on the controllable feed ratio of the liquid and gas and the flow rate of the stream of droplets is dependent on the controllable operating parameter(s) of the valve mechanism. A corresponding method is disclosed, as is the application of the system and method to the production of nanoparticles in a thermochemical reactor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Jonian Nikolov, Kok Seng Lim, Han Kwon Chang, Hee Dong Jang
  • Publication number: 20150056798
    Abstract: Some embodiments include methods of forming memory cells. Metal oxide may be deposited over a first electrode, with the deposited metal oxide having a relatively low degree of crystallinity. The degree of crystallinity within the metal oxide may be increased after the deposition of the metal oxide. A dielectric material may be formed over the metal oxide, and a second electrode may be formed over the dielectric material. The degree of crystallinity may be increased with a thermal treatment. The thermal treatment may be conducted before, during, and/or after formation of the dielectric material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 3, 2014
    Publication date: February 26, 2015
    Inventors: Noel Rocklein, Durai Ramaswamy, Dale W. Collins, Swapnil Lengade, Srividya Krishnamurthy, Mark S. Korber
  • Publication number: 20150041702
    Abstract: The present invention relates to ferrite particles for bonded magnets having a bulk density of not more than 0.75 g/cm3 and a degree of compaction of not less than 65%, a resin composition for bonded magnets using the ferrite particles and the composition, and a rotor. The ferrite particles for bonded magnets and the resin composition for bonded magnets according to the present invention are capable of providing a bonded magnet molded product having a good tensile elongation and an excellent magnetic properties.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 14, 2013
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Yasushi Nishio, Hiromitsu Sakurai, Norihiro Fukushina, Yasuhiko Fujii
  • Patent number: 8940179
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for preparing magnetite nanoparticles from low-grade iron ore using solvent extraction and magnetite nanoparticles prepared by the same. According to the method for magnetite nanoparticles from low-grade iron ore of the present invention, it is possible to prepare high-purity magnetite nanoparticles having a purity of 99% or higher by solvent extraction using low-grade iron ore as a starting material, and thus it is possible to reduce the processing cost and the amount of energy used, thus supplying a high-efficiency magnetite nanoparticle adsorbent, which can be industrially applied to wastewater treatment or desalination plant, in large quantities at low cost. In particular, it is possible to effectively treat livestock wastewater, heavy metal wastewater, oil discharged into rivers, etc. at low cost, thus significantly contributing to the prevention of environmental pollution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources
    Inventors: Yong Jae Suh, Dae Sup Kil, Hee Dong Jang
  • Publication number: 20150010466
    Abstract: The method of manufacturing hexagonal ferrite magnetic particles comprises applying, in a water-based solution, an adhering matter comprising a glass component and an alkaline earth metal to iron oxide particles to which a surfactant adheres, and calcining the iron oxide particles to which the adhering matter adheres to obtain a calcined product in which a main component that is detected by X-ray diffraction analysis is hexagonal ferrite.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2014
    Publication date: January 8, 2015
    Applicant: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Yasushi HATTORI, Yoshinori TAMADA
  • Publication number: 20140378016
    Abstract: A device comprising a magnetic element, which comprises a magnetic material, wherein the magnetic element is adapted to absorb hydrogen to form hydride. The magnetic aspect of the system enhances the hydrogen storage. Also disclosed is a metal hydride element comprising a magnetic material and absorbed hydrogen. The magnetic element and the metal hydride element can be an electrode. Further disclosed are methods for making and using the electrode.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 15, 2013
    Publication date: December 25, 2014
    Inventors: Johna Leddy, Jessica Jewett Reed
  • Publication number: 20140356263
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing magnetite with a purity of no less than 90% and higher than 98%, by oxidation of pulverized wustita (iron oxide), at temperatures ranging from 200° C. to 800° C., with the addition of water in liquid or steam form, in counter-current or concurrently, in an externally heated reaction chamber with a controlled atmosphere. The amount of water used to oxidize the wustita being 60 to 500 ml per kilogram of wustita, the grains of wustita powder injected into the reaction chamber having a size no greater than 100 ?m for optimal reaction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventor: Gabriel Santiago JARAMILLO BOTERO
  • Patent number: 8901027
    Abstract: A method of forming a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst by providing at least one metal nitrate solution, combining each of the at least one metal nitrate solutions with a precipitating agent whereby at least one catalyst precipitate is formed, and incorporating a strong base during precipitation, subsequent precipitation, or both during and subsequent precipitation. Catalysts produced via the disclosed method are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 2, 2014
    Assignee: Res USA, LLC
    Inventors: Deena Ferdous, Belma Demirel
  • Publication number: 20140326918
    Abstract: A system and method thereof are provided for multi-stage processing of one more precursor compounds into a battery material. The system includes a mist generator, a drying chamber, one or more gas-solid separators, and one or more in-line reaction modules comprised of one or more gas-solid feeders, one or more gas-solid separators, and one or more reactors. Various gas-solid mixtures are formed within the internal plenums of the drying chamber, the gas-solid feeders, and the reactors. In addition, heated air or gas is served as the energy source within the processing system and as the gas source for forming the gas-solid mixtures to facilitate reaction rate and uniformity of the reactions therein. Precursor compounds are continuously delivered into the processing system and processed in-line through the internal plenums of the drying chamber and the reaction modules into final reaction particles useful as a battery material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 23, 2013
    Publication date: November 6, 2014
    Inventor: LIang-Yuh Chen
  • Patent number: 8864045
    Abstract: Exemplary embodiments provide materials and methods for forming monodisperse particles. In one embodiment, the monodisperse particles can be formed by first spraying a nanoparticle-containing dispersion into aerosol droplets and then heating the aerosol droplets in the presence of a shell precursor to form core-shell particles. By removing either the shell layer or the nanoparticle core of the core-shell particles, monodisperse nanoparticles can be formed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: STC.UNM
    Inventors: Xingmao Jiang, C. Jeffrey Brinker
  • Patent number: 8858821
    Abstract: A water treatment composition capable of effectively adsorbing pollutants from water is described. The composition includes magnetic extractants, which comprise magnetite nanoparticles containing functional groups. The composition is used to remove from water and aqueous streams oils and other contaminants. A process for removing contaminants from water and apparatus used in the process are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 14, 2014
    Assignee: King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology
    Inventors: Sulaiman M. Alfadul, Abdulrahman I. Alabdula'aly, Mujahid A. Khan
  • Publication number: 20140294715
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a ferrous oxide nanoparticle includes a water removing step raising temperature of a solution containing an iron oxide, an organic acid dissolving the iron oxide, and a first solvent to a first temperature and removing water in the solution, a second temperature maintaining step raising the first temperature to a second temperature and maintaining the second temperature, and a particle extracting step extracting the ferrous oxide nanoparticle from the solution after the second temperature maintaining step.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Tomoya TAGAMI, Eiji NAKASHIMA, Gang XIE, Saeki YAMAMURO, Naoyuki ARATANI, Takashi NISHIKAWA
  • Publication number: 20140295214
    Abstract: Hexagonal ferrite magnetic particles have an activation volume ranging from 1,000 nm3 to 1,500 nm3, and ?E10%/kT, thermal stability at 10% magnetization reversal, is equal to or greater than 40.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 25, 2014
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: FUJIFILM CORPORATION
    Inventors: Toshio TADA, Hiroyuki SUZUKI, Osamu SHIMIZU
  • Publication number: 20140296062
    Abstract: A process for preparing a mesoporous metal oxide, i.e., transition metal oxide, Lanthanide metal oxide, a post-transition metal oxide and metalloid oxide. The process comprises providing an acidic mixture comprising a metal precursor, an interface modifier, a hydrotropic ion precursor, and a surfactant; and heating the acidic mixture at a temperature and for a period of time sufficient to form the mesoporous metal oxide. A mesoporous metal oxide prepared by the above process. A method of controlling nano-sized wall crystallinity and mesoporosity in mesoporous metal oxides. The method comprises providing an acidic mixture comprising a metal precursor, an interface modifier, a hydrotropic ion precursor, and a surfactant; and heating the acidic mixture at a temperature and for a period of time sufficient to control nano-sized wall crystallinity and mesoporosity in the mesoporous metal oxides. Mesoporous metal oxides and a method of tuning structural properties of mesoporous metal oxides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Publication date: October 2, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT
    Inventors: Steven L. Suib, Altug Suleyman Poyraz
  • Publication number: 20140286846
    Abstract: A process for preparing a mesoporous metal oxide, i.e., transition metal oxide, Lanthanide metal oxide, a post-transition metal oxide and metalloid oxide. The process comprises providing a micellar solution comprising a metal precursor, an interface modifier, a hydrotropic ion precursor, and a surfactant; and heating the micellar solution at a temperature and for a period of time sufficient to form the mesoporous metal oxide. A mesoporous metal oxide prepared by the above process. A method of controlling nano-sized wall crystallinity and mesoporosity in mesoporous metal oxides. The method comprises providing a micellar solution comprising a metal precursor, an interface modifier, a hydrotropic ion precursor, and a surfactant; and heating the micellar solution at a temperature and for a period of time sufficient to control nano-sized wall crystallinity and mesoporosity in the mesoporous metal oxides. Mesoporous metal oxides and a method of tuning structural properties of mesoporous metal oxides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 25, 2013
    Publication date: September 25, 2014
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF CONNECTICUT
    Inventors: Steven L. Suib, Altug Suleyman Poyraz
  • Patent number: 8834600
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a zero-waste process for extraction of alumina from different types of bauxite ores and red mud residues and of titanium dioxide from ilmenite. Iron oxide is first reduced to metallic iron above the melting point of C-saturated cast iron alloy which yields a high-C iron alloy and an Al and Ti metal oxide rich slag which is then treated with alkali carbonate to form alkali aluminates and titanates. The alkali aluminates are separated by water leaching from which the hydroxide of alumina is precipitated by bubbling C02. The residue from water leaching is treated with sulphuric acid and Ti02 is precipitated via a hydrolysis route. The process recovers most of the metal values and generates only small quantities of silicious residues at pH 4-5 which can be used for soil conditioning.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 11, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: The University of Leeds
    Inventors: Animesh Jha, Pailo Antony Malpan, Vilas Dattatray Tathavadkar
  • Patent number: 8821830
    Abstract: An urchin-like copper oxide material manufacturing method, comprising following steps: providing copper powder of length about 5 to 150 ?m; placing the copper powder on an aluminum oxide plate to be heated up; and heating up the aluminum oxide plate in a reaction temperature of 300° C. to 700° C., to obtain urchin-like copper oxide material on the aluminum oxide plate. By employing the manufacturing method, it only requires a simple thermal oxidation process to synthesize and obtain various types of urchin-like copper oxides having good stability and reproducibility, hereby achieving excellent performance in various opto-electronic applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: National Chung Cheng University
    Inventors: Yuan-Yao Li, Tai-Hsun Chang
  • Patent number: 8815192
    Abstract: A cyclical system that uses a metal hydroxide to produce a metal carbonate, remove carbon dioxide from a waste gas source, and produce more metal hydroxide needed for the beginning of the cycle. Initially, the metal hydroxide is mixed with waste gases in a carbon dioxide scrubber. The scrubber reacts the carbon dioxide with the metal hydroxide to produce a metal carbonate. Some of the metal carbon is removed, therein removing carbon dioxide from the environment. Some of the metal carbonate is heated to produce metal oxide and carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide is drawn away. Oxygen is introduced into the reaction chamber. The oxygen reacts with the metal oxide to produce an oxidized metal oxide and heat. The oxidized metal oxide is reduced with an acid and volatile base to produce metal hydroxide. The metal hydroxide is recycled. The acid is regenerated. The volatile base is recovered and recycled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2014
    Inventor: Calvin E. Phelps, Sr.
  • Publication number: 20140227176
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing magnetic and/or radioactive metal nanoparticles, the process comprising: preparing an electrolyte solution including metal ions and a stabilizer; generating a plasma at an interface of the electrolyte solution at atmospheric pressure; and recovering magnetic and/or radioactive metal nanoparticles. The magnetic metal nanoparticles can comprise magnetoradioactive nanoparticles. The magnetic metal nanoparticles can be used as MRI contrast agents and the magnetoradioactive nanoparticles can also be used as contrast agents and for dual PET/MRI applications. It also relates to a multi-plasma apparatus for synthesizing nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 20, 2011
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventors: Fortin Marc-Andre, Christian Sarra-Bournet, Mathieu Letourneau, Gaetan Laroche
  • Publication number: 20140213441
    Abstract: The present invention provides an electrocatalytic material and a method for making an electrocatalytic material. There is also provided an electrocatalytic material comprising amorphous metal or mixed metal oxides. There is also provided methods of forming an electrocatalyst, comprising an amorphous metal oxide film.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2012
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Inventors: Simon Trudel, Curtis Berlinguette
  • Patent number: 8790615
    Abstract: A method of synthesizing carbon-magnetite nanocomposites. In one embodiment, the method includes the steps of (a) dissolving a first amount of an alkali salt of lignosulfonate in water to form a first solution, (b) heating the first solution to a first temperature, (c) adding a second amount of iron sulfate (FeSO4) to the first solution to form a second solution, (d) heating the second solution at a second temperature for a first duration of time effective to form a third solution of iron lignosulfonate, (e) adding a third amount of 1N sodium hydroxide (NaOH) to the third solution of iron lignosulfonate to form a fourth solution with a first pH level, (f) heating the fourth solution at a third temperature for a second duration of time to form a first sample, and (g) subjecting the first sample to a microwave radiation for a third duration of time effective to form a second sample containing a plurality of carbon-magnetite nanocomposites.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas
    Inventor: Tito Viswanathan
  • Publication number: 20140200335
    Abstract: A biorefining method of processing a lignocellulosic biomass to separate lignin and hemicellulose from cellulose includes the steps of (a) reacting the biomass in an aqueous slurry having a pH less than 7, comprising a transition metal catalyst, hydrogen peroxide; and (b) separating a solid cellulose fraction from dissolved lignin and hemicellulose fractions. The method may also be used to treat cellulose and produce microcrystalline or nanocrystalline cellulose. The transition metal catalyst may be a nanoparticulate catalyst including multivalent iron, iron oxides and iron hydroxides. The nanoparticulate catalyst may be formed by oxidizing a highly reduced solution of iron, such as groundwater that has not been exposed to oxygen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 29, 2012
    Publication date: July 17, 2014
    Applicant: NANO-GREEN BIOREFINERIES INC.
    Inventors: Andrew A. Olkowski, Bernard Laarveld
  • Patent number: 8758721
    Abstract: Embodiments and aspects of the present invention relate to an enhanced hexagonal ferrite magnetic material doped with an alkali metal. The material retains substantial magnetic permeability up to frequencies in the GHz range with low losses. The material may be used in high frequency applications in devices such as transformers, inductors, circulators, and absorbers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2014
    Assignee: Skyworks Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael D. Hill
  • Publication number: 20140120021
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a new synthetise for the preparation of mesoporous structures including mesoporous materials with chiral morphologies and mesoporous materials with local or surface chirality. The method can be used for manufacturing controlled drug delivery devices, for example for delivery of folic acid, and fluorescent particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: Nanologica AB
    Inventor: Alfonso Garcia-Bennett
  • Publication number: 20140113196
    Abstract: A method of preparing mesoporous nanostructured particles of a transition metal oxide. The method contains the steps of dissolving a soft-template compound in a solvent, dispersing a first or second row transition metal ion-containing compound, adjusting the pH value if necessary, and removing the solvent to obtain mesoporous nanostructured transition metal oxide powders, calcining the powders optionally to afford mesoporous nanostructured particles of the transition metal oxide. Also disclosed is particle prepared by the above-described method.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2012
    Publication date: April 24, 2014
    Applicant: National University of Singapore
    Inventors: Palani Balaya, Srirama Hariharan
  • Publication number: 20140106456
    Abstract: The invention relates to an apparatus for introducing a biological material, a method of introducing a biological material, and a magnetic support for introducing a biological material with the object of providing an apparatus for introducing a biological material, a method of introducing a biological material, and a magnetic support for introducing a biological material whereby a biological material can be efficiently introduced into a host. The invention comprises: one or more packing units in which a mixture solution containing a large number of magnetic supports carrying a biological material to be introduced into a host such as cells upon using, together with a large number of the hosts in a liquid is pooled; and an introduction treatment unit in which a magnetic force affecting the inside of the packing unit is controlled so as to move the magnetic supports relatively with respect to the host so that the biological material can be introduced into the host.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2013
    Publication date: April 17, 2014
    Applicants: UNIVERSAL BIO RESEARCH CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Hideji TAJIMA, Yoshiro OKAMI
  • Patent number: 8697019
    Abstract: Nanostructured manganese-containing compositions having reduced manganese dissolution and methods of making and using the same are provided. In one embodiment, a composition of matter comprises a nanostructured oxide or hydroxide doped with Mn4+. The composition of matter can be made by forming a nanostructured oxide or hydroxide material doped with Mn3+ and oxidizing the Mn3+ to Mn4+ to reduce dissolution of the manganese in the nanostructured oxide or hydroxide material. In another embodiment, a method of reducing dissolution of manganese present in a nanostructured MnO2 material comprises: doping a nanostructured MnO2 material with Fe3+ to reduce the dissolution of the manganese.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Inframat Corporation
    Inventors: Huimin Chen, Lei Jin
  • Publication number: 20140093445
    Abstract: High-purity iron powder products produced by a low-temperature process by feeding hematite and a reducing agent into a rotary reactor under pressure to form a mechanical fluid bed. The fluid bed is rotated at a particular speed within a rotary reactor. The fluid bed is simultaneously heated to a reaction temperature, and the pressure is then reduced within the rotary reactor to a pressure in a range of 0.01 bars to 2.0 bars, as a result reducing the reaction temperature to a temperature in a range of 600° C. to 850° C. Maintaining the pressure and the rotation results in the formation of a high-purity iron oxide without the requirement for post-grinding process steps because sintering is prevented by using a combination of pressure reduction and a rotary set at an optimum rotation speed, resulting in useful additives produced by a more environmentally-friendly process.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 28, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Inventor: Carla D. Di Luca
  • Patent number: 8673261
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing magnetite (Fe3O4) or derivatives thereof, comprising the steps: a) preparing an aqueous solution A of a Fe(III) salt, b) preparing an aqueous solution B of an iodide salt, c) mixing solutions A and B to obtain a first precipitate, d) separating the first precipitate to obtain a filtrate, e) hydrolyzing the filtrate obtained in step d) by adjusting the pH to about 8.5-9 or above, preferably 9, in order to obtain a second precipitate, and f) separating the second precipitate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 18, 2014
    Assignee: King Saud University
    Inventor: Mutasim Ibrahim Khalil
  • Publication number: 20140059971
    Abstract: The present invention relates to thermal insulation materials made of hollow oxide particles. Use of hollow oxide particles having an overall thermal conductivity of less than 0.026 W/(mK) is for example suitable for the building sector or other areas where thermal insulation is required.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2012
    Publication date: March 6, 2014
    Inventors: Bjørn Petter Jelle, Bente Gilbu Tilset, Susie Jahren, Arild Gustavsen, Tao Gao
  • Patent number: 8664150
    Abstract: Methods of producing a metal oxide are disclosed. The method comprises dissolving a metal salt in a reaction solvent to form a metal salt/reaction solvent solution. The metal salt is converted to a metal oxide and a caustic solution is added to the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to adjust the pH of the metal oxide/reaction solvent solution to less than approximately 7.0. The metal oxide is precipitated and recovered. A method of producing adsorption media including the metal oxide is also disclosed, as is a precursor of an active component including particles of a metal oxide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 4, 2014
    Assignee: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Inventors: Nicholas R. Mann, Troy J. Tranter
  • Patent number: 8652427
    Abstract: Method for preparing material containing amorphous iron oxide hydroxide, the method including: mixing an aqueous ferrous salt solution and hydroxide solution or solid hydroxides at the temperature of below 70° C., filtering the reaction solution, washing the filter cake, preparing suspension solution of the filter cake, blowing an oxygen-containing gas into the suspension solution to oxidize the ferrous iron, and then filtering and drying. The material after being used as desulfurization agent can be repeatedly regenerated through oxidation in an oxygen-containing gas. A desulfurization agent, and methods for preparation and repeated regeneration thereof. The desulfurization agent contains the material and organic binders, and may also include a small amount of additives. The organic binders are selected from sodium carboxymethyl cellulose, sesbania powder, and cellulose powder, and the additives are selected from sawdust, rice husk power, and bran.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 18, 2014
    Assignee: Beijing Sanju Environmental Protection and New Material Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Zhenyi Liu, Yongsheng Yu, Ke Lin
  • Patent number: 8647600
    Abstract: Methods for preparing a composition containing amorphous iron oxide hydroxide. Methods for regeneration of the amorphous iron oxide hydroxide after it has been used as desulfurizer. Regenerable desulfurizer with high sulfur capacity containing amorphous iron oxide hydroxide, not less than 88% w/w, and organic binder not less than 7% w/w. The organic binder is sodium carboxymethylcellulose, sesbania powder, cellulose powder, or a mixture thereof. A method for preparing the desulfurizer. A method for regenerating the waste agent produced after the desulfurizer and the composition containing the desulfurizer are used as desulfurizer. This method allows the desulfurizer and the composition containing the desulfurizer to be regenerated and reused avoiding the need for landfill disposal and environmental pollution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 11, 2014
    Assignee: Beijing Sanju Environmental Protection and New Material Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Zhenyi Liu, Ke Lin, Qunyang Gao
  • Publication number: 20140017164
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for preparing magnetite (Fe3O4) or derivatives thereof, comprising the steps: a) preparing an aqueous solution A of a Fe(III) salt, b) preparing an aqueous solution B of an iodide salt, c) mixing solutions A and B to obtain a first precipitate, d) separating the first precipitate to obtain a filtrate, e) hydrolyzing the filtrate obtained in step d) by adjusting the pH to about 8.5-9 or above, preferably 9, in order to obtain a second precipitate, and f) separating the second precipitate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 26, 2012
    Publication date: January 16, 2014
    Applicant: KING SAUD UNIVERSITY
    Inventor: Mutasim Ibrahim Khalil
  • Publication number: 20140008067
    Abstract: Disclosed embodiments relate to well treatment fluids and methods that utilize nano-particles. Exemplary nano-particles are selected from the group consisting of particulate nano-silica, nano-alumina, nano-zinc oxide, nano-boron, nano-iron oxide, and combinations thereof. Embodiments also relate to methods of cementing that include the use of nano-particles. An exemplary method of cementing comprises introducing a cement composition into a subterranean formation, wherein the cement composition comprises cement, water and a particulate nano-silica. Embodiments also relate to use of nano-particles in drilling fluids, completion fluids, simulation fluids, and well clean-up fluids.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Publication date: January 9, 2014
    Applicant: Halliburton Energy Services, Inc.
    Inventors: Craig Wayne Roddy, Jiten Chatterji, Roger Stanley Cromwell
  • Patent number: 8617510
    Abstract: Porous metal oxides are provided. The porous metal oxides are prepared by heat treating a coordination polymer. A method of preparing the porous metal oxide is also provided. According to the method, the shape of the particles of the metal oxide can be easily controlled, and the shape and distribution of pores of the porous metal oxide can be adjusted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Samsung SDI Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Dong-min Im, Yong-nam Ham
  • Patent number: 8609146
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the field of polymer chemistry and more particularly to multiblock copolymers and micelles comprising the same. Compositions herein are useful for drug-delivery applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 17, 2013
    Assignee: Intezyne Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin Sill, Habib Skaff
  • Publication number: 20130323161
    Abstract: An aspect of the present invention relates to a method of manufacturing hexagonal ferrite magnetic powder, which comprises preparing a melt by melting a starting material mixture comprising a hexagonal ferrite-forming component and a glass-forming component and rapidly cooling the melt to obtain a solidified product, heating the solidified product to precipitate hexagonal ferrite magnetic particles and glass components in the solidified product, subjecting the solidified product to an acid treatment following the heating to remove the glass components by dissolution, incorporating the hexagonal ferrite magnetic particles obtained following the acid treatment into an acidic aqueous solution, followed by separating the particles dispersed in the aqueous solution and the precipitated particles, and subjecting the precipitated particles to a cleaning treatment and then collecting the particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 30, 2013
    Publication date: December 5, 2013
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventor: Masahiko MORI