Group Va Metal Or Arsenic (sb, Bi, Or As) Patents (Class 423/87)
  • Patent number: 10370739
    Abstract: A stabilization process for an arsenic solution comprising thiosulfates, the process comprising: acidifying the arsenic solution to decompose the thiosulfates, to yield an acidified solution; oxidizing the acidified solution to oxidize residual As3+ to As5+ and reduced sulfur species to sulfates, to yield a slurry comprising elemental sulfur; separating elemental sulfur from the slurry to yield a liquid; oxidizing the liquid to oxidize residual reduced sulfur species, to yield an oxidized solution; and forming a stable arsenic compound from the oxidized solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2019
    Assignee: GOLDCORP, INC.
    Inventors: Marcus Tomlinson, Teodoro Martinez, Simon Hille
  • Patent number: 9253889
    Abstract: An electrical circuit is comprised of a sheet of mycelium having a wiring pattern for an electrical circuit thereon. The sheet of mycelium is prepared from a solution of Potato Dextrose Broth and Potato Dextrose Agar that is inoculated with a macerated tissue culture including a filamentous fungi selected from the group consisting of Basidiomycota, Ascomycota and Zygomycota. A sheet of tissue that grows on the surface of the solution is extracted, plasticized and dried prior to being formed with the wiring pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 2, 2016
    Assignee: Ecovative Design LLC
    Inventors: Eben Bayer, Gavin McIntyre
  • Patent number: 8968698
    Abstract: Provided herein are processes for recovering molybdenum and/or other value metals (e.g., uranium) present in aqueous solutions from a large range of concentrations: from ppm to grams per liter via a solvent extraction process by extracting the molybdenum and/or other value metal from the aqueous solution by contacting it with an organic phase solution containing a phosphinic acid, stripping the molybdenum and/or other value metal from the organic phase solution by contacting it with an aqueous phase strip solution containing an inorganic compound and having a ?1.0 M concentration of free ammonia, and recovering the molybdenum and/or other value metal by separating it from the aqueous phase strip solution. When the molybdenum and/or other value metal are present only in low concentration, the processes can include an organic phase recycle step and/or an aqueous phase strip recycle step in order to concentrate the metal prior to recover.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Cytec Technology Corp.
    Inventors: Troy Allan Bednarski, Violina Antoneta Cocalia, Matthew Dean Soderstrom, Eduardo Alberto Kamenetzky, Andrew Michael Cameron, Douglas Harris
  • Patent number: 8956583
    Abstract: The present invention aims at separating and removing arsenic in a stable form from raw material containing rhenium and arsenic, and reducing a circulation amount of arsenic in a rhenium purification process to obtain rhenium with low-content arsenic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 15, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Satoshi Asano, Naoki Kubota, Kazunori Takeda, Shintarou Komori
  • Patent number: 8906340
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to reacting tin metal with crude TiCl4 containing arsenic to produce pure TiCl4, SnCl4, and an arsenic solid co-product. In some embodiments, the contaminant vanadium is removed as well. The reaction is preferably done in a continuous fashion in two stages for maximum through-put and utility at an elevated temperature. Distillation can be used to purify the TiCl4 produced and simultaneously yield a purified SnCl4 product. The synthesis of SnCl4 in this method utilizes waste chloride to save virgin chlorine which would otherwise be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Lisa Edith Helberg
  • Publication number: 20140356261
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to the oxidation and immobilization of trivalent arsenic from arsenic-containing solutions. The process includes oxidation of trivalent arsenic (As3+) species to the pentavalent state (As5+). A carbon additive (e.g., activated carbon) and oxygen are used to promote the arsenic oxidation processes. After oxidation of arsenic to the pentavalent state, the arsenic can be removed by precipitation to ferric arsenate or calcium arsenate or other arsenic containing compounds known in the art. The oxidation of arsenic can also occur simultaneously with the production and precipitation of ferric arsenate (e.g., scorodite). Ferrous iron can be oxidized to ferric iron in the presence of activated carbon and oxygen.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Publication date: December 4, 2014
    Inventors: Yeonuk Choi, Ahmad Ghahremaninezhad Gharelar, Noelene Ahern
  • Patent number: 8889094
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to reacting tin metal with crude TiCl4 containing arsenic to produce pure TiCl4, SnCl4, and an arsenic solid co-product. In some embodiments, the contaminant vanadium is removed as well. In another embodiment, the vanadium is removed separately through a commercial process and the resulting arsenic containing commercial grade of purified TiCl4 is reacted with elemental tin, sulfur and ferric chloride to substantially reduce the arsenic. The reaction is preferably done in a continuous fashion in two stages for maximum through-put and utility at an elevated temperature. Distillation can be used to purify the TiCl4 produced and simultaneously yield a purified SnCl4 product. The synthesis of SnCl4 in this method utilizes waste chloride to save virgin chlorine which would otherwise be used.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2012
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: E I du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventor: Lisa Edith Helberg
  • Patent number: 8790516
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for removing arsenic as scorodite from solutions that contain iron and arsenic. In accordance with the method, arsenic is first precipitated as ferric arsenate and subsequently processed hydrothermally into crystalline scorodite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 29, 2014
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Mikko Ruonala, Jaakko Leppinen, Ville Miettinen
  • Patent number: 8771619
    Abstract: A method for selectively removing arsenic from a sulphide material containing arsenic by conducting a leaching step that includes contacting the material with a leaching solution that leaches arsenic from the material to form a pregnant liquor containing dissolved arsenic and a solid of a sulphide material of reduced arsenic content, and subsequently separating the solid from the pregnant liquor. The fresh leaching solution that is provided to the leaching step is an alkaline solution having a sulphide-containing compound present in an amount of from 0 to 1.0 times the amount of sulphur containing compound required to react with the arsenic present in the material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Xstrata Queensland Limited
    Inventors: David Nakon, David Michael Way
  • Patent number: 8753591
    Abstract: Molybdic oxide is recovered from molybdenite by a multistep process in which (A) the molybdenite is converted to soluble and insoluble molybdic oxide by pressure oxidation, (B) the insoluble molybdic oxide is converted to soluble molybdic oxide by alkaline digestion and then combined with the soluble molybdic oxide, and (C) the molybdenum values of the combined streams are extracted into an organic phase using a nonprimary amine. The extracted molybdenum values are recovered from the organic phase using aqueous ammonia to form ammonium dimolybdate (ADM) which is recovered as refined crystals from a two-step calcination process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Kennecott Utah Copper LLC
    Inventors: Mike Rockandel, Claus Stoiber, Robert E. Crossman
  • Patent number: 8753592
    Abstract: A method for the manufacture of a III-V compound in the form of nanoparticles, such as those used in semi-conductors. The reaction proceeds at atmospheric pressure in a reaction solution by the reaction of a III compound source and a V compound source. The reaction proceeds in solvent of high boiling point. The solvent contains a stabilizer and a base. The manufactured III-V compound is precipitated from the reaction solution, isolated, purified and analyzed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 19, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 17, 2014
    Assignee: Centrum fur Angewandte Nanotechnologie (CAN) GmbH
    Inventors: Tim Strupeit, Horst Weller, Andreas Kornowski
  • Patent number: 8702838
    Abstract: A method for recovering a metal, capable of recovering a metal easily without requiring the use of an organic medium, is provided. A complex between a chelating agent and a metal present in a sample is formed in a mixture prepared by mixing the chelating agent and the sample under pH conditions where the chelating agent can be insoluble in an aqueous medium. Then, the complex is recovered from the mixture, and further, the metal is recovered by dissolving the recovered complex in an aqueous medium under pH conditions that are different from the pH conditions where the chelating agent can be insoluble in an aqueous medium. By this method, a metal can be recovered easily without requiring the use of the use of an organic medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: ARKRAY, Inc.
    Inventors: Yuka Shimomura, Mayumi Yamada
  • Patent number: 8685350
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is a method for separating an arsenic mineral from a copper-bearing material, including the steps of grinding a copper-bearing material containing arsenic, adding water to the copper-bearing material to prepare a slurry, and adding a flotation agent including a depressant, a frother, and a collector to the slurry and blowing air into the slurry for performing flotation to obtain a copper concentrate, wherein the depressant is a chelator. As the chelator, a polyethyleneamine or the like is used. Particularly, when triethylenetetramine is used as the chelator, the amount of triethylenetetramine to be added is preferably 1 to 10 equivalents relative to the amount of soluble copper generated by oxidation of the copper-bearing material, and the pH of the slurry is more preferably adjusted to 7 or more but 8 or less before the slurry is subjected to the flotation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignees: Sumitomo Metal Mining Co., Ltd., Kyushu University, National University Corporation
    Inventors: Hideyuki Okamoto, Yoshiyuki Tanaka, Tsuyoshi Hirajima, Keiko Sasaki
  • Patent number: 8618345
    Abstract: It is an object of the present invention to provide a method of detoxifying a methyl compound comprising arsenic etc., effectively and systematically. The method of detoxifying a methyl compound according to the present invention is characterized in that an organic halogenated compound is reacted with a methyl compound comprising at least one element selected from the groups comprising arsenic, antimony and selenium to convert the methyl compound into more harmless substances. Furthermore, in a preferred embodiment of the method of detoxifying a methyl compound according to the present invention, the method is characterized in that the element is arsenic.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 28, 2007
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Assignee: Nippon Sheet Glass Company, Limited
    Inventors: Koichiro Nakamura, Akihiro Hishinuma, Shinji Kamiya
  • Publication number: 20130315804
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a process of treating fly ash and/or fly ash leachate to immobilize heavy metals contained in such fly ash and/or fly ash leachate, which process comprises treating such fly ash and/or fly ash leachate with a soluble ferrous compound under alkaline conditions. This process may be conducted in the absence of any pH modification, mixing (in the sense of a physical blending with a solid material), drying or heating steps, making it practical for treatment of alkaline fly ash (and other coal combustion by-products) which is currently stored in landfills or wet ash lagoons, particularly fly ash which has been recovered from flue gas streams treated with highly alkaline materials such as trona, bicarbonate or limestone and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 10, 2013
    Publication date: November 28, 2013
    Applicant: FMC Wyoming Corporation
    Inventors: Aileen Halverson, Aaron Reichl
  • Publication number: 20130272932
    Abstract: The invention is suitable for use in metal and nonmetal mining and in general, in any area of operation containing Sb and Bi in solution in an electrolyte based mainly on sulfuric acid. The system consists in contacting solid lead dioxide (PbO2), which can be activated superficially with an oxidizing agent, for example hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), to increase its reactivity, with an acid electrolyte that contains Sb and Bi in solution, with the purpose of causing a decrease in the content of soluble Sb and Bi present in the liquid phase, forming insoluble compounds based on Pb—Sb and Pb—Bi. With this invention the presence of Sb and Bi in solution is reduced by at least 70%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 13, 2013
    Publication date: October 17, 2013
    Inventors: Gerardo Alexis CIFUENTES, Jaime Roberto Simpson, Cristian Alejandro Vargas
  • Patent number: 8343446
    Abstract: The oxine ligands 5-chloro-8-hydroxyquiniline and 5-sulfoxyl-8-hydroxyquinoline are covalently bound, using, for example, the Mannich reaction, to a silica gel polyamine composite made from a silanized amorphous silica xerogel and polyallylamine. The resulting modified composites, termed CB-1 (X?Cl) and SB-1 (X?SO3H), respectively, show a clear selectivity for trivalent over divalent ions and selectivity for gallium over aluminum. The compounds of the invention can be applied for the sequestration of metals, such as heavy metals, from contaminated mine tailing leachates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: The University of Montana
    Inventors: Edward Rosenberg, Paul Miranda, Yuen Onn Wong
  • Patent number: 8313714
    Abstract: Embodiments of the invention provide a method of making non-spherical nanoparticles that includes (a) combining a source of a Group 12, 13, 14, or 15 metal or metalloid; a source of a Group 15 or 16 element; and a source of a quaternary ammonium compound or phosphonium compound; and (b) isolating non-spherical nanoparticles from the resulting reaction mixture. Other embodiments of the invention provide non-spherical nanoparticle compositions, that are the reaction product of a source of a Group 12, 13, 14, or 15 metal or metalloid; a source of a Group 15 or 16 element; and a source of a quaternary ammonium compound or phosphonium compound; wherein nanoparticle tetrapods comprise 75-100 number percent of the nanoparticle products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 20, 2012
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: Subashini Asokan, Michael Sha-nang Wong
  • Patent number: 8211389
    Abstract: Uses for a composition comprising a polymer derived from at least two monomers: acrylic-x and an alkylamine, wherein said polymer is modified to contain a functional group capable of scavenging one or more compositions containing one or more metals are disclosed. These polymers have many uses in various mediums, including wastewater systems.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Nalco Company
    Inventors: Paul J. Zinn, Jitendra T. Shah, William J. Andrews
  • Publication number: 20120164041
    Abstract: A method is provided for the efficient stabilization, removal and disposal of arsenic-containing wastes generated in metal recovery processes that employ roasting techniques and the like. The conversion of the mostly trivalent arsenite compounds in the wastes to mostly pentavalent solid arsenate precipitates is accomplished by mixing the wastes with water and a ground iron-containing mineral, such as goethite, to form an aqueous slurry of wastes and ground iron-containing mineral, acidifying the slurry to a pH of less than about 1.0, treating the acidified slurry with oxygen gas in a pressurized vessel at a temperature higher than about 120° C. and providing an oxidation catalyst comprised of a water-soluble nitrate and a water-soluble iodide. The overall efficiency of the controlling chemical reactions is improved by the addition and use of the catalyst. The resulting solid arsenate precipitates, in the form of scorodite, are ideally suited for safe disposal with minimum or no further treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 30, 2011
    Publication date: June 28, 2012
    Applicant: Altynalmas Gold Ltd., a Canada Corporation
    Inventor: Jay Charles Smith
  • Patent number: 8178477
    Abstract: Proppants which can be used to prop open subterranean formation fractions are described. Proppant formulations which use one or more proppants of the present invention are described, as well as methods to prop open subterranean formation fractions, and other uses for the proppants and methods of making the proppants.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2012
    Assignee: Oxane Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Robert D. Skala, John R. Loscutova, Christopher E. Coker
  • Patent number: 8147779
    Abstract: To provide a method of generating, with good reproducibility and ease and without complicated operations, scorodite which satisfies the elution standard (in accordance with Notification of No. 13 of Japanese Environment Agency) and which has good filterbility and stability for processing arsenic contained in a non-ferrous smelting intermediate, particularly, for processing a diarsenic trioxide form. A method of processing diarsenic trioxide, including: a leaching step of adding water and alkali to a non-ferrous smelting intermediate that contains diarsenic trioxide to produce slurry, heating the slurry, and leaching arsenic; a solution adjusting step of adding an oxidizing agent to the leachate to oxidize trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic so as to obtain an adjusted solution; and a crystallizing step of converting arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 3, 2012
    Assignee: Dowa Metals & Minning Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abuyima, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8110162
    Abstract: Provided is a method of easily producing scorodite which is stable and has excellent filtering properties with excellent reproducibility and without using complex operations, when processing arsenic that is included in non-ferrous smelting intermediates, and particularly when processing copper arsenic compounds in the form of an intermetallic compound. Scorodite is produced by a leaching step of leaching arsenic from a non-ferrous melting intermediate containing a copper arsenic compound in the form of an intermetallic compound in the presence of a sulfidizing agent and an oxidizing agent, a solution adjusting step of oxidizing trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic by adding the oxidizing agent to the leaching solution, and a crystallizing step of converting the arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: February 7, 2012
    Assignee: Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8097228
    Abstract: To provide a method of generating, with good reproducibility and ease and without complicated operations, scorodite which satisfies the elution standard (in accordance with Notification of No. 13 of Japanese Environment Agency) and which has good filterbility and stability for processing arsenic contained in a diarsenic trioxide form. A method of processing diarsenic trioxide, including: a leaching step of adding water to diarsenic trioxide to produce slurry, heating the slurry, and leaching arsenic while adding an oxidant to obtain leachate; a deoxidization step of removing the oxidant so as to obtain an adjusted solution; and a crystallizing step of converting arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2012
    Assignee: Dowa Metals and Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8092764
    Abstract: Provided is a method of easily producing easily-filterable and stable scorodite that meets the leaching standard (conformance to Japanese Environmental Agency Notice 13) with excellent reproducibility and without using complex operations, when processing arsenic that is included in non-ferrous smelting intermediates, and particularly when processing arsenic in the form of a sulfide. Scorodite is produced by a leaching step of leaching arsenic from a non-ferrous melting intermediate containing arsenic in the weakly acid region, a solution adjusting step of oxidizing trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic by adding an oxidizing agent to the leaching solution, and a crystallizing step of converting the arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Dowa Metals and Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8092765
    Abstract: To extract arsenic from intermediates containing arsenic, to outside the system in stable form. A method of processing non-ferrous smelting intermediate containing arsenic in sulfide form and a non-ferrous smelting intermediate containing arsenic and copper as metal; a solution adjusting step of adding an oxidation agent to the leaching solution to oxidize trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic and obtain an adjusting solution; and a crystallization step of converting arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: January 10, 2012
    Assignee: Dowa Metals and Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 8075868
    Abstract: There is provided an iron arsenate powder which is produced from an arsenic containing solution and wherein the concentration of arsenic eluted or released from the powder is very low. The iron arsenate powder is a powder of dihydrate of iron arsenate, which has a crystal structure of rhombic system and which has lattice constants of a=0.8950 to 0.8956 nm, b=1.0321 to 1.0326 nm and c=1.0042 to 1.0050 nm at room temperatures and atmospheric pressure. The iron arsenate powder can be produced by a method comprising the steps of: adding ferrous ions to an arsenic containing solution to cause the molar ratio (Fe/As) of iron to arsenic in the solution to be not lower than 1; adding an oxidizing agent to the solution; heating the solution to a temperature of not lower than 70° C. while stirring the solution, to allow a reaction; and carrying out a solid-liquid separation to wash the obtained solid part.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 13, 2011
    Assignees: Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd., Tohoku University
    Inventors: Tetsuo Fujita, Takashi Nakamura, Shigeru Suzuki, Kozo Shinoda
  • Publication number: 20110274598
    Abstract: Disclosed is a process for removing metals from waste, particularly electronic waste (or “e-waste”). The process generally includes the steps of dissolving at least some of the metals from the waste with nitric acid reagent and then causing at least some of the metals to precipitate as metal oxides and/or metal nitrates. NOx gases produced as by-product by the nitric acid dissolution of metallic components in the electronic waste are reused, in particular for generating permanganate when one of the metallic components comprises manganese.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 14, 2009
    Publication date: November 10, 2011
    Inventor: James R. Akridge
  • Patent number: 8043399
    Abstract: A method for detoxifying spent CCA (copper, chromium, arsenic) treated wood, from which CCA is efficiently removed from the wood, allowing both the CCA and the wood to be reused has been developed. The method comprises the steps of (1) microwave-enhanced acid extraction of CCA, (2) separation of the acid-containing CCA solution from the wood, (3) separation/precipitation of CCA from the acid extract, (4) recovery and regeneration of CCA-bearing precipitant for reuse in the wood preservation industry, (5) recycling recovered acid solution, (6) microwave-assisted liquefaction of the extracted wood, and (7) use of detoxified liquefied wood to form polymeric materials such as polyurethanes and phenolic resin adhesives. The recovered CCA may be used to treat wood. The recovered acids may be used to extract CCA from CCA-treated wood, and the liquefied wood may be used as phenolic or polyurethane resins.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2011
    Assignee: Board of Supervisors of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College LSU Inc
    Inventors: Chung-Yun Hse, Todd Finley Shupe, Bin Yu, Hui Pan
  • Publication number: 20110123418
    Abstract: A process for the recovery of a metal sulfide from a metal ion containing solution, including the steps of: a) providing a slurry containing seed panicles of said metal sulfide; h) adding a sulfide ion containing solution to said slurry to form an activated seed slurry; c) mixing said activated seed slurry with said metal ion containing solution to thereby form a metal sulfide precipitate; and d) recovering said metal sulfide precipitate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Publication date: May 26, 2011
    Applicant: BHP BILLITON SSM DEVELOPMENT PTY LTD
    Inventor: Eric Girvan Roche
  • Patent number: 7947861
    Abstract: A method of producing an adsorption medium to remove at least one constituent from a feed stream. The method comprises dissolving and/or suspending at least one metal compound in a solvent to form a metal solution, dissolving polyacrylonitrile into the metal solution to form a PAN-metal solution, and depositing the PAN-metal solution into a quenching bath to produce the adsorption medium. The at least one constituent, such as arsenic, selenium, or antimony, is removed from the feed stream by passing the feed stream through the adsorption medium. An adsorption medium having an increased metal loading and increased capacity for arresting the at least one constituent to be removed is also disclosed. The adsorption medium includes a polyacrylonitrile matrix and at least one metal hydroxide incorporated into the polyacrylonitrile matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2011
    Assignee: Battelle Energy Alliance, LLC
    Inventors: Troy J. Tranter, Nicholas R. Mann, Terry A. Todd, Ronald S. Herbst
  • Patent number: 7935321
    Abstract: A method of preparing bismuth oxide and an apparatus therefor are disclosed. The method includes: melting bismuth metal; transporting the melted bismuth metal to an open first reactor and oxidizing the melted bismuth metal while stirring at a temperature of 300-650° C.; and transporting bismuth oxide and un-reacted material to a closed second reactor through a screw and oxidizing the bismuth oxide and un-reacted material while rotating the closed second reactor at a temperature of 300-600° C. with a supply of air or oxygen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Dansuk Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung Wok Han, Dong Eon Kim, Byung Gil Lim
  • Publication number: 20110076208
    Abstract: A method of extracting Te and bismuth oxide and recovering byproduct comprises: leaching raw materials with a Te content of ?1.8% by utilizing a leaching system containing H2SO4, Cl?, Br?, NH4+ and NaClO3, reducing leach solution with SO2 gas by precipitation method after separating impurities from it, washing with concentrated hydrochloric acid to obtain tellurium precipitation (18), purifying to obtain Te with a purity of higher than 99.99%. The filtrate produced is used for extracting Bi2O3 with a purity of higher than 99.99% when Bi content in the raw material is ?2%. Acidic waste solution produced during the process could be returned to the leaching step for recycle.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 2, 2009
    Publication date: March 31, 2011
    Inventors: Jun Wang, Xiuzhen Wang, Zexian Song
  • Patent number: 7906088
    Abstract: Mixing small amounts of an inorganic halide, such as NaCl, to basic copper carbonate followed by calcination at a temperature sufficient to decompose the carbonate results in a significant improvement in resistance to reduction of the resulting copper oxide. The introduction of the halide can be also achieved during the precipitation of the carbonate precursor. These reduction resistant copper oxides can be in the form of composites with alumina and are especially useful for purification of gas or liquid streams containing hydrogen or other reducing agents. These reduction resistant copper oxides can function at near ambient temperatures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: UOP LLC
    Inventors: Vladislav I. Kanazirev, Peter Rumfola, III
  • Patent number: 7906083
    Abstract: A zirconium-loaded fibrous adsorbent material having phosphoryl groups which is produced by first grafting a reactive monomer having phosphoryl groups onto a polymeric substrate and then loading zirconium. One or more methods of using the zirconium-loaded fibrous adsorbent material to recover arsenic, phosphoric ions, and/or fluoride ions are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 15, 2011
    Assignee: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Noriaki Seko, Masao Tamada
  • Publication number: 20100196230
    Abstract: Provided is a method of easily producing easily-filterable and stable scorodite that meets the leaching standard (conformance to Japanese Environmental Agency Notice 13) with excellent reproducibility and without using complex operations, when processing arsenic that is included in non-ferrous smelting intermediates, and particularly when processing arsenic in the form of a sulfide. Scorodite is produced by a leaching step of leaching arsenic from a non-ferrous melting intermediate containing arsenic in the weakly acid region, a solution adjusting step of oxidizing trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic by adding an oxidizing agent to the leaching solution, and a crystallizing step of converting the arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: DOWA METALS & MINING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Publication number: 20100196231
    Abstract: The object is to remove arsenic in a stable form from an arsenic-containing smelting intermediate product. Thus, disclosed is a method for treating an arsenic-containing nonferrous smelting intermediate product, which comprises: a leaching step of subjecting a mixed slurry of a nonferrous smelting intermediate product containing arsenic in the form of a sulfide and a nonferrous smelting intermediate product containing arsenic and metal copper to the oxidation/leaching in an acidic range to produce a leaching solution; a solution preparation step of adding an oxidizing agent to the leaching solution to oxidize trivalent arsenic into pentavalent arsenic, thereby producing a preparation solution; and a crystallization step of converting arsenic contained in the preparation solution into a scorodite crystal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Publication date: August 5, 2010
    Applicant: DOWA METALS & MINING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Publication number: 20100175509
    Abstract: Provided is a method of easily producing scorodite which is stable and has excellent filtering properties with excellent reproducibility and without using complex operations, when processing arsenic that is included in non-ferrous smelting intermediates, and particularly when processing copper arsenic compounds in the form of an intermetallic compound. Scorodite is produced by a leaching step of leaching arsenic from a non-ferrous melting intermediate containing a copper arsenic compound in the form of an intermetallic compound in the presence of a sulfidizing agent and an oxidizing agent, a solution adjusting step of oxidizing trivalent arsenic to pentavalent arsenic by adding the oxidizing agent to the leaching solution, and a crystallizing step of converting the arsenic in the adjusted solution to scorodite crystals.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2008
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Applicant: Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd
    Inventors: Mitsuo Abumiya, Yusuke Sato, Hironobu Mikami, Masami Oouchi, Tetsuo Fujita, Masayoshi Matsumoto
  • Patent number: 7736607
    Abstract: The process of this invention is directed to the removal of metals from an unsupported spent catalyst. The catalyst is subjected to leaching reactions. Vanadium is removed as a precipitate, while a solution comprising molybdenum and nickel is subjected to further extraction steps for the removal of these metals. Molybdenum may alternately be removed through precipitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 15, 2010
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc
    Inventor: Paul J. Marcantonio
  • Patent number: 7695698
    Abstract: A method of producing an iron-arsenic compound by adding an oxidizing agent to an aqueous solution containing arsenic ions and bivalent iron ions and allowing an iron-arsenic compound precipitation reaction to proceed under stirring of the solution, wherein the precipitation reaction is terminated at a solution pH in the range of 0 to 1. When the arsenic concentration of the pre-reaction solution is 25 g/L or greater, the reaction can be terminated at a solution pH in the range of ?0.45 to 1.2. The pH of the pre-reaction solution is preferably greater than 0 and not greater than 2.0. A ferrous sulfate is can be used as the source of the bivalent iron ions. Even when some amount of impurity elements is present in the arsenic-containing solution, the method is nevertheless capable of forming a scorodite compound excellent in crystallinity in the form of a compact compound barely swollen by moisture and the like, i.e., a niron-arsenic compound excellent in filterability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2006
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: Dowa Metals & Mining Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tetsuo Fujita, Ryoichi Taguchi
  • Patent number: 7648689
    Abstract: The invention is to provide a process for industrially advantageously producing InP fine particles having a nano-meter size efficiently in a short period of time and an InP fine particle dispersion, and there are provided a process for the production of InP fine particles by reacting an In raw material containing two or more In compounds with a P raw material containing at least one P compound in a solvent wherein the process uses, as said two or more In compounds, at least one first In compound having a group that reacts with a functional group of P compound having a P atom adjacent to an In atom to be eliminated with the functional group in the formation of an In-P bond and at least one second In compound having a lower electron density of In atom in the compound than said first In compound and Lewis base solvent as said solvent, and InP fine particles obtained by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: January 19, 2010
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventor: Shuzo Tokumitsu
  • Publication number: 20090317313
    Abstract: A method of treating value bearing material comprising oxidised or surface oxidised mineral values includes the steps of crushing the value bearing material, contacting the crushed material! with a sulfide solution to sulfide the oxidised or surface oxidised mineral values, and adding ions of a selected base metal to the crushed value bearing material. The value bearing material may comprise oxidised or surface oxidised base metal or precious metal minerals. The crushed value bearing material is prepared as a slurry or pulp comprising from 15% to 40% solids and the remainder comprising water. The sulfide solution preferably comprises a soluble sulfidiser such as sodium hydrosulfide and the base-metal ion solution preferably comprises metal salt of base metals like copper or iron.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2007
    Publication date: December 24, 2009
    Applicant: UNIVERSITY OF CAPETOWN
    Inventors: Deidre Jane Bradshaw, Andrew James Haigh Newell
  • Patent number: 7625831
    Abstract: Anisotropically shaped ceramic particles are represented by the general formula {(K1?x?yNaxLiy)4(Nb1?zTaz)6O17+aMeOb} (where Me is at least one element selected from the group consisting of antimony, copper, manganese, vanadium, silicon, titanium, and tungsten; and b is a positive number determined by the valence of Me), where x, y, z, and a satisfy 0?x?0.5, 0?y?0.3, 0?z?0.3, and 0.001?a?0.1, respectively. The anisotropically shaped ceramic particles have a plate-like shape. The average particle size is 1 to 100 ?m, and the ratio D/t of the maximum diameter D of a main surface to the thickness t in a direction perpendicular to the main surface is 2 or more, preferably 5 or more. Thus, anisotropically shaped ceramic particles suitable as a reactive template for preparing a crystal-oriented alkali metal niobate-based ceramic can be produced at relatively low production costs without the need for a complicated production process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 10, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2009
    Assignee: Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masahiko Kimura, Kosuke Shiratsuyu
  • Patent number: 7615199
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the treatment of material containing at least one valuable metal and arsenic to form a valuable metal-depleted scorodite sediment and a pure aqueous solution to be discharged from the process. According to the method, the valuable metals are first removed from the material to be treated and then arsenic precipitation from the solution is performed in two stages. By means of the method, the aim is to obtain as low a valuable metal content as possible in the scorodite sediment that will be formed. Likewise, the arsenic and valuable metal content of the aqueous solution that is formed during arsenic precipitation also remains so low that the water can be released into the environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Assignee: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Jaakko Poijärvi, Raimo Nupponen, Tuula Mäkinen, Jaana Romppanen
  • Patent number: 7585474
    Abstract: A single crystalline ternary nanostructure having the formula AxByOz, wherein x ranges from 0.25 to 24, and y ranges from 1.5 to 40, and wherein A and B are independently selected from the group consisting of Ag, Al, As, Au, B, Ba, Br, Ca, Cd, Ce, Cl, Cm, Co, Cr, Cs, Cu, Dy, Er, Eu, F, Fe, Ga, Gd, Ge, Hf, Ho, I, In, Ir, K, La, Li, Lu, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Nb, Nd, Ni, Os, P, Pb, Pd, Pr, Pt, Rb, Re, Rh, Ru, S, Sb, Sc, Se, Si, Sm, Sn, Sr, Ta, Tb, Tc, Te, Ti, Tl, Tm, U, V, W, Y, Yb, and Zn, wherein the nanostructure is at least 95% free of defects and/or dislocations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 8, 2009
    Assignee: The Research Foundation of State University of New York
    Inventors: Stanislaus S. Wong, Tae-Jin Park
  • Patent number: 7582276
    Abstract: The invention relates to nanoscale rutile or oxide powder that is obtained by producing amorphous TiO2 by mixing an alcoholic solution with a titanium alcoholate and with an aluminum alcohalate and adding water and acid. The amorphous, aluminum-containing TiO2 is isolated by removing the solvent, and is redispersed in water in the presence of a tin salt. Thermal or hydrothermal post-processing yields rutile or oxide that can be redispersed to primary particle size. The n-rutile or the obtained oxide having a primary particle size ranging between 5 and 20 nm can be incorporated into all organic matrices so that they remain transparent. Photocatalytic activity is suppressed by lattice doping with trivalent ions. If the amorphous precursor is redispersed in alcohol, or not isolated, but immediately crystallized, an anatase is obtained that can be redispersed to primary particle size.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2009
    Assignee: ITN Nanovation AG
    Inventor: Ralph Nonninger
  • Patent number: 7557028
    Abstract: Methods for producing nanostructures, particularly Group III-V semiconductor nanostructures, are provided. The methods include use of novel Group III and/or Group V precursors, novel surfactants, oxide acceptors, high temperature, and/or stable co-products. Related compositions are also described. Methods and compositions for producing Group III inorganic compounds that can be used as precursors for nanostructure synthesis are provided. Methods for increasing the yield of nanostructures from a synthesis reaction by removal of a vaporous by-product are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2009
    Assignee: Nanosys, Inc.
    Inventors: Erik C. Scher, Mihai A. Buretea, William P. Freeman, Joel Gamoras, Baixin Qian, Jeffery A. Whiteford
  • Patent number: 7485267
    Abstract: The process of this invention is directed to the removal of metals from an unsupported spent catalyst. The catalyst is subjected to leaching reactions. Vanadium is removed as a precipitate, while a solution comprising molybdenum and nickel is subjected to further extraction steps for the removal of these metals. Molybdenum may alternately be removed through precipitation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2009
    Assignee: Chevron U.S.A. Inc.
    Inventor: Paul J. Marcantonio
  • Publication number: 20090022639
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the treatment of material containing at least one valuable metal and arsenic to form a valuable metal-depleted scorodite sediment and a pure aqueous solution to be discharged from the process. According to the method, the valuable metals are first removed from the material to be treated and then arsenic precipitation from the solution is performed in two stages. By means of the method, the aim is to obtain as low a valuable metal content as possible in the scorodite sediment that will be formed. Likewise, the arsenic and valuable metal content of the aqueous solution that is formed during arsenic precipitation also remains so low that the water can be released into the environment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2006
    Publication date: January 22, 2009
    Applicant: Outotec Oyj
    Inventors: Jaakko Poijarvi, Raimo Nupponen, Tuula Makinen, Jaana Romppanen
  • Publication number: 20080233023
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for manufacturing scorodite in which scorodite may be obtained at high production efficiency and a high As concentration ratio. The present invention provides a method for manufacturing crystalline scorodite from acidic aqueous solution containing pentavalent As and trivalent Fe, the method comprising a step for adding a basic sodium compound to the acidic aqueous solution such that the sodium concentration in the acidic aqueous solution becomes larger than 0 g/L and equal to or less than 4 g/L.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 24, 2008
    Publication date: September 25, 2008
    Inventors: Yukio Kimura, Shigeo Katsura