Ammonium Carbonate Patents (Class 424/716)
  • Patent number: 8778311
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an oral composition comprising, in an orally acceptable carrier, from about 0.1% to about 5% zinc oxide; and from about 0.1% to about 5% of a source of carbonate ions selected from alkali metal and ammonium carbonates and bicarbonates. The molar ratio of carbonate ion to zinc ion is from about 0.05:1 to about 1:1. The composition has good antiplaque efficacy and taste. Preferred compositions are toothpastes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 20, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Meinrad Regner, Maurice Joseph Prendergast, Owen Thurlby
  • Patent number: 8709396
    Abstract: The invention is a method for attracting mosquitoes by producing a volatilized acid by combining an acid precursor with water to produce the humidified vapor acid attractant, preferably hydrogen chloride. The humidified volatilized acid can be further combined with carbon dioxide, or carbon dioxide can be simultaneously produced to attract mosquitoes. The acid precursor can be a hydrate of ferric chloride, such as ferric chloride hexahydrate. The acid precursor can be impregnated in a carrier, and can be combined with water through exposure to water vapor in the atmosphere, the intentional addition of water, or water produced by a chemical reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2014
    Assignee: Premark FEG L.L.C.
    Inventors: Joel Tenney, Tom Isaac, William Ernst
  • Patent number: 8545863
    Abstract: Controlling insects of the superfamily of the Psylloidea in horticultural and/or agricultural crops, by using bicarbonate and carbonate salts.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Globachem
    Inventor: Koen Quaghebeur
  • Publication number: 20120121729
    Abstract: Memantine compositions and methods of use are described herein. In some embodiments, the compositions comprise memantine and an absorption enhancer, or memantine and an elimination enhancer, or memantine and an absorption enhancer and an elimination enhancer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 12, 2011
    Publication date: May 17, 2012
    Inventors: Blake PATERSON, Mark Ginski, Brendan Canning
  • Publication number: 20120045527
    Abstract: Controlling insects of the superfamily of the Psylloidea in horticultural and/or agricultural crops, by using bicarbonate and carbonate salts.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Publication date: February 23, 2012
    Inventor: Koen Quaghebeur
  • Patent number: 7858124
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an anti-bacterial, anti-virus, and anti-fungus composition, its preparation and use. The composition of the present invention mainly includes the following three ingredients in an adequate ratio: (A) a metal compound having a catalytic function; (B) ionic compound, and (C) an additive. The anti-bacterial, anti-virus, and anti-fungus composition of the present invention is capable of destroying viruses as well as killing bacterial and fungi. Therefore, the composition can be formulated as an aerosol and a film for applying to protection devices such as respirators, masks, gloves, filters, condoms, etc. The present composition can also be used in household, vehicle, hospital, school, restaurant, hotel, internet coffee shop for applying to filter of air-conditioner, tap, stool, interior of elevator and its keyboard.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2008
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2010
    Assignee: Well-Being Biochemical Corp.
    Inventors: Jih Ru Hwu, Shwu Chen Tsay
  • Patent number: 7347994
    Abstract: The invention is a method for attracting mosquitoes by producing a volatilized acid by combining an acid precursor with water to produce the humidified vapor acid attractant, preferably hydrogen chloride. The humidified volatilized acid can be further combined with carbon dioxide, or carbon dioxide can be simultaneously produced to attract mosquitoes. The acid precursor can be a hydrate of ferric chloride, such as ferric chloride hexahydrate. The acid precursor can be impregnated in a carrier, and can be combined with water through exposure to water vapor in the atmosphere, the intentional addition of water, or water produced by a chemical reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: ICA Trinova, LLC
    Inventors: Joel Tenney, Tom Isaac, William Ernst
  • Patent number: 7323452
    Abstract: A method for accelerating the process of removing ethanol from the blood through the use of certain additives that accelerate the metabolic oxidation of ethanol, and others which in addition act as catalysts or “pseudo” enzymes for the oxidation. These additives include multivalent transition metal ions, as well as complexes thereof, and NAD+ which enhance the oxidation reaction. The method described can act as a sobriety inducer and/or as an effective palliative for the unpleasant effects of overuse of ethanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 2004
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2008
    Assignee: Wardan, L.L.C.
    Inventors: Ward B. Bowen, Jr., Daniel S. Daniel
  • Patent number: 7063865
    Abstract: A composition that will substantially reduce the deleterious effects of alcohol on the body and substantially reduce the side effects associated with hangovers (i.e. headaches, dizziness, nausea, dry mouth, etc) when taken as recommended. The composition includes an effective amount of (I)-glycine, (I)-glutathione, thiamine, magnesium, selenium, molybdenum. Other vitamins, mineral compounds, flavoring, coloring, and solubility agents may also be added.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 2002
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2006
    Inventors: Jeremy Park Jones, Peter Kevin Dobler
  • Patent number: 6896908
    Abstract: This invention relates to a leach-resistant borate preservative for lignocellulosic-based products, providing resistance against insect and fungal attack for use in exterior and ground contact applications. The preservative compositions of this invention may be provided as a high strength liquid concentrate, suitable for transportation, storage and easy on-site dilution, or as a ready-to-use treatment solution. These wood preservative compositions include a borate preservative component and a co-biocidal metal fixative such as copper or zinc. The preservative compositions also contain volatile organic acid, free ammonia and ammonium salts to aid dissolution. Methods for the application of these preservative compositions to wood are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 24, 2005
    Assignee: U.S. Borax Inc.
    Inventors: Jeffrey D. Lloyd, Jennifer L. Fogel
  • Patent number: 6872408
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for treating psychiatric disorders such as mania or depression in a patients, in particular, patients with a bipolar disorder, by providing substantially isotopically pure heavy water substantially free of protons, isotopically pure hydrogen-containing water substantially free of deuterium, isotopically pure carbonate compounds substantially free of deuterium, isotopically pure carbonate compounds substantially free of protons, isotopically pure phosphate compounds substantially free of deuterium, isotopically pure phosphate compounds substantially free of protons, or mixtures thereof to the patient. In particular, the present invention provides a method for treating manic symptoms in a patient and mania or depression in patients with a bipolar disorder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2002
    Date of Patent: March 29, 2005
    Inventor: Rupert C. Bell
  • Patent number: 6833362
    Abstract: A composition for accelerating the disposal of ethanol from bodily fluid. Certain additives can accelerate the metabolic oxidation of ethanol, and others in addition act as catalysts or “pseudo” enzymes for the oxidation. Additives include the oxidant Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide and a variety of other additives such as transition metal ions and complexes thereof which favor the oxidation reaction. The compositions described can act as a sobriety inducer and/or as an effective palliative for the unpleasant effects of overuse of ethanol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 21, 2004
    Inventors: Ward Beryl Bowen, Jr., Daniel Salman Daniel
  • Patent number: 6764481
    Abstract: A packaged ocular irrigating solution bag, which comprises a gas-permeable plastic multiple compartment bag and a gas-impermeable plastic packaging member for packaging the bag and in which an oxiglutatione-containing solution or solid preparation is enclosed in one compartment and a bicarbonate ion solution is enclosed in another compartment and the space between the bag and the packaging member has a carbon dioxide gas atmosphere.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 20, 2004
    Assignees: Otsuka Pharmaceutical Factory, Inc., Senju Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuhiro Inada, Mitsuhira Nishio, Yoshiyuki Kimura, Junji Kaga, Koichi Muraoka, Nobuaki Sumiyoshi, Seiichiro Iguchi, Hiroaki Yamamoto
  • Patent number: 6663892
    Abstract: A solid orally administrable pharmaceutical dosage form for the treatment of gastric disorders includes a first portion containing a therapeutically effective amount of a histamine H2-receptor antagonist, and a second portion immediately adjacent the first portion without an intervening barrier disposed between the first portion and the second portion, the second portion containing a therapeutically effective amount of an antacid. Physical separation of the active ingredients into two different portions without a separating barrier has been found sufficient to prevent degradation of the histamine H2-receptor antagonist due to contact with the antacid. The invention therefore provides stabilization of a histamine H2-receptor antagonist-antacid combination tablet which is comparable to known multiple portion tablets, but without an intervening barrier between the antacid portion and the histamine H2-receptor antagonist portion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 16, 2003
    Assignee: L. Perrigo Company
    Inventor: Deepak K. Thassu
  • Patent number: 6569444
    Abstract: A method of preparing a ruminant feed material with decreased nitrogen solubility, comprising mixing a liquid feed product containing a salt with a protein feedstuff. The protein feedstuff contains crude protein in an amount from 30% to 70% by weight. The liquid feed product containing a salt and the protein feedstuff are mixed under conditions sufficient to decrease the nitrogen solubility of the protein source. Also provided is a ruminant feed material with decreased nitrogen solubility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2003
    Assignee: Ajinomoto U.S.A., Inc.
    Inventor: Paul Summer
  • Patent number: 6541421
    Abstract: This invention relates to a buffered phosphorus containing solution comprising at least one phosphorus compound selected from the group consisting of phosphorous acid, hypophosphorous acid, polyphosphorous acid polyhypophosphorous acid, and salts thereof. The solution also contains a buffer including an organic base in the form of a nitrogen containing compound and its conjugate acid. The solution may be used as a fertilizer or as a fungicide. The invention also relates to a method of preparing such a solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2003
    Inventors: Alastair James Forsyth, Tomasz Antoni Modro
  • Patent number: 6254895
    Abstract: A fairy ring treatment compound is disclosed comprising a bicarbonate salt fungicide and an acid salt. The treatment process includes the step of spreading the compound over vegetation affected by the fairy ring.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 1, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2001
    Assignee: Omega Resources, LLC
    Inventor: Glade W. Stringer
  • Patent number: 6106821
    Abstract: The invention relates to fly attractant compositions that comprise at least one volatile short chain carboxylic acid, at least one organic sulfide and at least one nitrogen heterocycle. In a preferred embodiment the composition additionally comprises at least one ammonia-releasing compound. In a particularly preferred example, the composition is preparable by combining, for example, the carboxylic acid, the organic sulfide and the nitrogen heterocycle. The invention also relates to an insect trap comprising a means for retaining flies and an insect attractant composition of this invention. The trap is useful in commercial, residential and livestock facilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: Iowa State University Research Foundation, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas C. Baker, Allard A. Cosse
  • Patent number: 5997911
    Abstract: A composition and method for reducing the incidence of Poult Enteritis Mortality Syndrome in young turkeys, flushing in mature turkeys, and scours in swine. The composition of the present invention comprises, in combination, a simple copper (II) salt, a hydroxycarboxylic acid, and a buffering agent solubilized within the drinking water of turkeys and/or swine in an antidiarrheal effective dosage as preventative maintenance in avoiding the diarrheal conditions associated with PEMS, flushing, and scours. In a preferred embodiment, the simple copper (II) salt comprises copper sulfate pentahydrate, the hydroxycarboxylic acid comprises anhydrous citric acid, and the buffering, agent comprises ammonium carbonate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 7, 1999
    Assignee: Brinton Veterinary Supply, Inc.
    Inventors: Gene Brinton, Jackie Brinton Mourning
  • Patent number: 5973010
    Abstract: A composition and method for treating epidermal wounds utilizes an aqueous solution of sodium sulphate, sodium carbonate, sodium bicarbonate, sodium chloride and ichthammol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 15, 1998
    Date of Patent: October 26, 1999
    Inventor: Robert L. Crawford
  • Patent number: 5939357
    Abstract: This invention provides a novel fungicide composition which has a bicarbonate-containing inorganic salt ingredient which enhances the efficacy of a fungicide ingredient for the treatment of cultivated crops. An invention fungicide composition also contains a surfactant ingredient, and a water-soluble organic compound which functions as a compatibility enhancing ingredient in aqueous formulations, and the ingredients improve the spreadability and adhesiveness of the composition when applied to foliage. An invention fungicide composition also contains a fertilizer-effective ratio of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 17, 1999
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Keith A. Jones, Anthony E. Winston, M. Stephen Lajoie, Amy L. Joseph
  • Patent number: 5914135
    Abstract: Calcium carbonate liquid antacid compositions containing one or more pH adjusting agents to maintain the pH above 9.0, preferably above 9.5. The resultant antacid liquid possesses superior resistance to microbial attack and enhanced taste properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 22, 1999
    Assignee: McNeil-PPC, Inc.
    Inventors: John J. Dubek, Gerard P. McNally, Bruce P. Smith
  • Patent number: 5910323
    Abstract: This invention provides a novel aqueous pesticide formulation having a fungicidal bicarbonate-containing inorganic salt ingredient which enhances the efficacy of an insecticidal ingredient for treatment of cultivated crops. An invention pesticide formulation also contains a water-soluble organic compound which functions as a compatibility enhancing ingredient in the aqueous pesticide formulation, and improves the spreadability and adhesiveness of the composition ingredients when applied to foliage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 8, 1999
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: M. Stephen Lajoie, Amy L. Joseph, Keith A. Jones, Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5882689
    Abstract: This invention provides a method for controlling soilborne fungal disease in cultivated field plants such as a peanut crop. Field crop soil is treated with a free-flowing granular fungicide composition which can be applied by aerial means with minimal settling on plant foliage. The granular fungicide composition comprises ammonium bicarbonate and a solid surfactant ingredient, and is effective against soilborne fungi such as a Sclerotinia, Rhizoctonia, Pythium, Fusarium, Phytophthora or Verticillium species.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 23, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 16, 1999
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: M. Steven Lajoie, Carl E. Henry
  • Patent number: 5807580
    Abstract: A pharmaceutical composition for oral administration comprising a film coated tablet exhibiting enhanced disintegration characteristics, said film coating comprising a hydrophilic film forming polymer such as hydroxypropyl methylcellulose and an alkaline agent wherein the alkaline agent reduces the disintegration time of the film coating by increasing the rate of removal of the film coating polymers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: McNeil-PPC, Inc.
    Inventor: Joseph R. Luber
  • Patent number: 5698231
    Abstract: A pesticide solution comprising a spray bottle including a mixture of lemon juice, cleaning soda, liquid soap and water incorporated into a spray bottle to be used to combat roaches, ants, fleas and the like without risking harm to humans and household pets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 16, 1997
    Inventors: Thomas J. Felder, Jr., Edward R. Felder
  • Patent number: 5693344
    Abstract: A hazard-free method for controlling insects using a non-toxic composition. The invention includes a process for making the composition in the form of a fragrance and crystalline particles which puncture directly through the exoskeleton of an insect. In operation, the particles work themselves between the insect's protective body plates and then puncture the exoskeleton permitting entry of the fragrance into the body of the insect. Once inside, the particles absorb up to four times their weight of the vital body fluids of the insect and the fragrance has a neural effect on the insect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1997
    Assignee: Ecosmart, Inc.
    Inventors: Arthur Michael Knight, Steven M. Bessette
  • Patent number: 5583089
    Abstract: This invention provides a dry blend pesticide composition which contains a fungicidal bicarbonate salt ingredient, and a spreader-sticker ingredient which is a crystalline clathrate complex of a urea constituent and a normally liquid spreader sticker constituent such as a nonionic surfactant. In a preferred embodiment all of the composition ingredients are water-soluble, and the composition is readily dispersible in an aqueous medium to form a sprayable pesticide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 10, 1996
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5518987
    Abstract: The present invention provides an effective method for controlling foliage and root fungus infection in cultivated crops. A fungicide composition in the form of an aqueous formulation which is applied to pre-harvest crops contains ingredients such as etridiazole, potassium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium oleate, potassium caprylate and xanthan gum. The combination of potassium oleate, potassium caprylate and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming an adherent coating on plant foliage surfaces, and for saturating ground soil. The coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5518986
    Abstract: The present invention provides an effective method for controlling foliage and root fungus infection in cultivated crops. A fungicide composition in the form of an aqueous formulation which is applied to pre-harvest crops contains ingredients such as pentachloronitrobenzene, sodium bicarbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium oleate, potassium octanoate and xanthan gum. The combination of potassium oleate, potassium octanoate and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming an adherent coating on plant foliage surfaces, and for saturating ground soil. The coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 6, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 21, 1996
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5496568
    Abstract: The present invention provides an effective method for controlling foliage and root fungus infection in cultivated crops. A fungicide composition in the form of an aqueous formulation which is applied to pre-harvest crops contains ingredients such as propiconazole, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, sodium oleate, sodium caprylate and xanthan gum. The combination of sodium oleate, sodium caprylate and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming an adherent coating on plant foliage surfaces, and for saturating ground soil. The coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 5, 1996
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5468715
    Abstract: This invention provides a novel fungicide composition which has bicarbonate-containing inorganic salt ingredients which enhance the efficacy of a fungicide ingredient for the treatment of cultivated crops. The fungicide composition contains nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizer elements, and the inorganic salt ingredients contain at least two different alkali metal or ammonium cations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Amy L. Joseph, Keith A. Jones, Anthony E. Winston, M. Stephen Lajoie
  • Patent number: 5468716
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fungicide composition which contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural applications, and which are harmless to animals and humans. An invention fungicide composition in the form of a dry blend formulation remains non-caking and free-flowing under storage conditions. Illustrative of an invention fungicide composition is a formulation which has a content of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, xanthan gum, dialkylsulfosuccinate salt and alkyl sulfate salt surfactants, and magnesium silicate anti-caking ingredient. The xanthan gum and surfactants function as an effective spreader-sticker and film-forming medium when the composition is diluted with water for agricultural applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 21, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5466470
    Abstract: This invention provides a co-micronized bicarbonate salt composition which is a blend of ingredients having a particle size between about 0.01-1.0 micron. The composition is produced by mill co-micronization of a crystalline bicarbonate ingredient and a crystalline inorganic compound ingredient having a Mohs hardness value between about 3-7. A co-micronized blend such as sodium bicarbonate and zinc oxide is free-flowing and essentially free of agglomerated particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: M. Stephen Lajoie
  • Patent number: 5464805
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling mildew in cultivated crops. The aqueous fungicide formulation which is applied to pre-harvest and post-harvest crops contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural and horticultural applications. Illustrative of a formulation which is harmless to animals and humans is an aqueous solution having a content of potassium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, potassium oleate and xanthan gum. The combination of potassium oleate and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming a solid coating on plant surfaces. The solid coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 7, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5443835
    Abstract: This invention provides a dry blend pesticide composition which contains a fungicidal bicarbonate salt ingredient, and a spreader-sticker ingredient which is a crystalline clathrate complex of a urea constituent and a normally liquid spreader sticker constituent such as a nonionic surfactant. In a preferred embodiment all of the composition ingredients are water-soluble, and the composition is readily dispersible in an aqueous medium to form a sprayable pesticide solution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 22, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co. Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5439690
    Abstract: A hazard-free method for controlling insects using a non-toxic composition that kills by dehydration. The invention includes a process for making the composition in the form of crystalline particles which penetrate directly through the exoskeleton of an insect. In operation, the particles work themselves between the insect's protective body plates and then pierce the exoskeleton. Once inside, the particles absorb up to four times their weight of the vital body fluids of the insect. The penetration of the body plates and exoskeleton and/or dehydration ultimately results in death of the insect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 21, 1993
    Date of Patent: August 8, 1995
    Assignee: Ecosmart, Inc.
    Inventor: Arthur M. Knight
  • Patent number: 5432147
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling fungal disease in cultivated crops. The aqueous fungicide formulation which is applied to pre-harvest and post-harvest crops contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural and horticultural applications. Illustrative of a formulation which is harmless to animals and humans is an aqueous solution having a content of potassium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, nonionic surfactant and xanthan gum. The combination of nonionic surfactant and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming a film-like coating on plant surfaces. The adherent coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony E. Winston, Alfredo Vinci
  • Patent number: 5432146
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fungicidal fertilizer composition which contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural applications, and which are harmless to animals and humans. An invention fungicide composition in the form of a dry blend formulation remains non-caking and free-flowing under storage conditions. Illustrative of an invention fungicide composition is a formulation which has a content of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium oleate, xanthan gum and a fertilizer-effective content of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium elements. The combination of potassium oleate and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker and film-forming medium when the composition is diluted with water for agricultural applications. When the aqueous medium is hard water, calcium oleate is formed which enhances the sticker properties of the aqueous fungicide composition in agricultural applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 20, 1993
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5432148
    Abstract: This invention provides a fungicide composition which is capable of in situ generation of ammonium bicarbonate when applied to plant foliage in the form of an aqueous dispersion. The constituents include (1) an ingredient such as urea which slow-releases ammonia under aqueous alkaline pH conditions; and (2) an alkali metal bicarbonate ingredient which imparts alkalinity to the aqueous dispersion, and provides bicarbonate ions for combination with the released ammonium ions. A spreader-sticker ingredient is included to maintain the ingredients in contact with plant foliage over an extended period after application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: July 11, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5425952
    Abstract: This invention provides a fungicide composition which is capable of in situ generation of ammonium bicarbonate when applied to plant foliage in the form of an aqueous dispersion. The constituents include (1) an ingredient such as urea which slow-releases ammonia under aqueous alkaline pH conditions; and (2) an alkali metal bicarbonate ingredient which imparts alkalinity to the aqueous dispersion, and provides bicarbonate ions for combination with the released ammonium ions. A spreader-sticker ingredient is included to maintain the ingredients in contact with plant foliage over an extended period after application.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 13, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 20, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5424270
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling fungal disease in plants with a fungicidal fertilizer composition which contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural applications, and which are harmless to animals and humans. Illustrative of an invention composition is an aqueous solution which has a content of two alkali metal bicarbonate salts, an alkali metal fatty acid salt, and a water-soluble thickener such as xanthan gum. The combination of fatty acid salt and thickener functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 7, 1993
    Date of Patent: June 13, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5415877
    Abstract: The present invention provides a fungicide composition which contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural applications, and which are harmless to animals and humans. An invention fungicide composition in the form of a dry blend formulation remains non-caking and free-flowing under storage conditions. Illustrative of an invention fungicide composition is a formulation which has a content of sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate, xanthan gum, dialkylsulfosuccinate salt and alkyl sulfate salt surfactants, and magnesium silicate anti-caking ingredient. The xanthan gum and surfactants function as an effective spreader-sticker and film-forming medium when the composition is diluted with water for agricultural applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 1993
    Date of Patent: May 16, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Anthony E. Winston
  • Patent number: 5389386
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method for controlling fungal disease in cultivated crops. The aqueous fungicide formulation which is applied to pre-harvest and post-harvest crops contains ingredients which are biocompatible for purposes of agricultural and horticultural applications. Illustrative of a formulation which is harmless to animals and humans is an aqueous solution having a content of potassium bicarbonate, potassium carbonate, nonionic surfactant and xanthan gum. The combination of nonionic surfactant and xanthan gum functions as an effective spreader-sticker medium for forming a film-like coating on plant surfaces. The adherent coating exhibits both immediate and long duration fungicidal activities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 1994
    Date of Patent: February 14, 1995
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventors: Anthony E. Winston, Alfredo Vinci
  • Patent number: 5346704
    Abstract: This invention provides a dry pulverulent composition which is comprised of (1) a particulated agrochemical ingredient such as a herbicide; and (2) an inorganic salt ingredient such as sodium, potassium or ammonium bicarbonate or a mixture thereof, which is adsorbed on the surface of the agrochemical particles. The agrochemical ingredient can be a mixture of two or more biologically active organic compounds. The adsorbed inorganic salt ingredient also can be in a blend with a water-soluble or water-dispersible organic polymer ingredient as a film coating, and the coating of ingredients can function as a slow-release medium in the presence of moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 11, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 13, 1994
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: M. Stephen Lajoie
  • Patent number: 5342630
    Abstract: This invention provides a novel pesticide composition having a bicarbonate-containing inorganic salt ingredient which exhibits fungicidal activity, and which enhances the efficacy of a C.sub.8 -C.sub.22 fatty acid insecticidal ingredient for the treatment of agricultural and horticultural plants. An invention pesticide composition also can contain a water-soluble organic compound which functions as a compatibility enhancing agent for the active ingredients, and improves the spreadability and adhesiveness of the composition ingredients when applied to foliage as an aqueous pesticide formulation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 30, 1994
    Assignee: Church & Dwight Co., Inc.
    Inventor: Keith A. Jones
  • Patent number: 5338551
    Abstract: This invention provides a dry pulverulent composition which is comprised of (1) a particulated agrochemical ingredient such as a herbicide; and (2) an inorganic salt ingredient such as sodium, potassium or ammonium bicarbonate or a mixture thereof, which is adsorbed on the surface of the agrochemical particles. The agrochemical ingredient can be a mixture of two or more biologically active organic compounds. The adsorbed inorganic salt ingredient also can be in a blend with a water-soluble or water-dispersible organic polymer ingredient as a film coating, and the coating of ingredients can function as a slow-release medium in the presence of moisture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 1992
    Date of Patent: August 16, 1994
    Inventor: M. Stephen Lajoie