Aerosol Hair Preparation Patents (Class 424/DIG1)
  • Patent number: 6139826
    Abstract: Disclosed are personal care compositions, especially hair styling compositions containing:(a) a graft copolymer characterized by having a hydrophilic organic polymeric backbone and hydrophobic macromonomers grafted to said backbone; the hydrophilic polymeric backbone having a Tg of at least about -20.degree. C.; the hydrophobic macromonomers having a carbon based main chain; a Tg of less than about 0.degree. C. and a number average molecular weight of at least about 500; and(b) a hydrophilic solvent preferably selected from the group consisting of water, C.sub.2 -C.sub.3 monohydric alcohols and mixtures thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 31, 2000
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Robert Michael Schraer, Peter Marte Torgerson, Sanjeev Midha
  • Patent number: 6136296
    Abstract: The present invention relates to personal care compositions. These compositions comprise an adhesive copolymer and a solvent for the copolymer selected from the group consisting of water, ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, acetone, propylene glycol, and mixtures thereof. The compositions, when dried, exhibit a cohesive strength of greater than about 0.5 kgf/mm.sup.2, a total energy absorption per unit volume of greater than about 0.55 kgfmm/mm.sup.3, and an impact strength of greater than about 7000 ergs. Preferred are hairspray embodiments of the present invention having improved removeability from hair as defined by a hair stiffness value of from 0 to about 3.5 (0 to 4 scale) and a hair flaking value of from 0 to about 3.5 (0 to 4 scale), which values are determined by the removeability methodology defined herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2000
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Sanjeev Midha, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Kathleen Bridget Jividen
  • Patent number: 6113883
    Abstract: The present invention relates to hair styling compositions and in particular to hair spray compositions. These compositions comprise a silicone containing adhesive copolymer, having a weight average molecular weight from about 10,000 to about 5,000,000, and a solvent for said copolymer selected from the group consisting of water, ethanol, n-propanol, isopropanol, and mixtures thereof. The spray compositions, when dried, have a cohesive strength of greater than about 0.5 kgf/mm.sup.2, a total energy absorption per unit volume of greater than about 0.55 kgfmm/mm.sup.3 and , preferably an impact strength of greater than about 7000 ergs. The hairspray embodiments of the present invention preferably provide improved removeability from hair as defined by a hair stiffness value of from 0 to about 3.5 (0 to 4 scale) and a hair flaking value of from 0 to about 3.5 (0 to 4 scale) as determined by the removeability methodology defined herein.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Sanjeev Midha, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Kathleen Bridget Jividen
  • Patent number: 6106810
    Abstract: Provided are leave-on hair care compositions which can impart enhanced hair conditioning and damage protection, while being formulated in a low viscosity product. In particular, the atomizible leave-on hair care composition comprise: (i) from about 0.1% to about 10%, by weight, of a cationic crosslinked polymeric conditioning agent comprising the monomer units (A).sub.m (B).sub.n (C).sub.p and a crosslinking agent wherein: (A) is a dialkylaminoalkyl acrylate monomer or a quaternary ammonium or acid addition salt thereof; (B) is a dialkylaminoalkyl methacrylate monomer or a quaternary ammonium or acid addition salt thereof; (C) is a nonionic monomer polymerizable with (A) or (B); m, n, and p are independently zero or greater, but at least one of m or n is one or greater; (ii) from about 0.1% to about 10%, by weight, of a salt; and (iii) from about 0.0001% to about 0.05% of at least one polyalkylene glycol corresponding to the structure ##STR1## wherein R is H or CH.sub.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1998
    Date of Patent: August 22, 2000
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: David Junior Raney, Jeffrey Jon Hopkins, Michael Thomas Dodd, John Paul Featherston
  • Patent number: 6090376
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a cosmetic or dermatological composition for the treatment of keratinous substances, in particular human hair, comprising, in a cosmetically or dermatologically acceptable medium, at least one grafted silicone polymer with a non-silicone organic skeleton grafted by monomers containing a polysiloxane and at least one ionic amphiphilic polymer containing at least one fatty chain and at least one hydrophilic unit.The compositions according to the invention are in particular used as products which are rinsed out or as products which are not rinsed out, in particular for washing, caring for or conditioning the hair, form retention of the hair style or shaping of the hair style.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 1999
    Date of Patent: July 18, 2000
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Claude Dubief, Christine Dupuis
  • Patent number: 6076530
    Abstract: An improved process for the treatment of human keratinous fibers, in particular hair, with a view especially to decreasing and/or preventing damage to the latter by bringing, for a period not exceeding 2 minutes, a gas containing steam and whose temperature is at least 75.degree. C., into contact with human keratinous fibers to which there has been applied a composition containing at least one amide compound which has at least one fatty chain with the exception of coprah diethanolamide and subsequently cooling the fibers thus treated. This process improves the binding of the amide on and/or in the hair, and results in an improvement in the cosmetic properties, in particular softness and smoothness.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 20, 2000
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Damarys Braida-Valerio, Jean-Michel Sturla
  • Patent number: 6071499
    Abstract: A cosmetic composition comprising in a cosmetically acceptable medium, at least one anionic acrylic polymer and at least one specific oxyalkylenated silicone, and a process for the cosmetic treatment of keratinous substances, such as the hair or eyelashes, comprising applying to the keratinous substances a cosmetic composition as defined above and optionally rinsing with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 13, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 6, 2000
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventor: Christine Dupuis
  • Patent number: 6068835
    Abstract: The hair treatment compositions are in a variety of forms including permanent shaping compositions, oxidative after-treatment compositions, hair fixing compositions, hair bleaching compositions, hair cleansing compositions, hair care compositions or hair dye compositions containing direct-dyeing dye compounds and/or a combination of at least one developer and coupler and are characterized by 0.1 to 35 percent by weight of at least one dendrimer, preferably a poly(iminopropane-1,3-diyl)-dendrimer with nitrile and/or amino end groups. Methods of hair treatment based on these hair treatment compositions are described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 27, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2000
    Assignee: Wella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Michael Franzke, Karin Steinbrecht, Thomas Clausen, Sabine Baecker, Jurgen Titze
  • Patent number: 6033647
    Abstract: A self-foaming composition in the form of a post-foaming, pressurizable oil-in-water emulsion comprising:(A) at least 5% by weight, relative to the total weight of the composition, of a fatty phase comprising at least one cosmetic oil,(B) a gelling system comprising at least one emulsifying polymer which is selected from the group consisting of:(1) crosslinked homopolymers formed from at least one cationic or anionic monomer containing ethylenic unsaturation selected from the group consisting of ammonium (meth)acrylate; 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulfonic acid as well as its salts, dialkylaminoalkyl (meth)acrylates, dialkylaminoalkyl (meth)acrylamide and its quaternary salts or acids, wherein the crosslinking agent which forms the crosslinking contains ethylenic polyunsaturation, and(2) crosslinked copolymers formed from at least one cationic or anionic monomer containing ethylenic unsaturation, from at least one nonionic comonomer and from a crosslinking agent containing ethylenic polyunsaturation; and(C) w
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: March 7, 2000
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Philippe Touzan, Patricia DeLambre
  • Patent number: 6007793
    Abstract: A hair spray composition comprising:(a) about 0.25% to about 6% by weight of a carboxylated polyurethane resin;(b) 0% to about 80% by weight of an alcohol; and(c) about 15% to about 95% by weight water,wherein the carboxylated polyurethane resin has a weight average molecular weight of about 15,000 to about 150,000, and is a reaction product of a mixture comprising:(i) about 10% to about 90% by weight of the mixture of a polyoxyalkylene diol having a number average molecular weight of about 400 to about 20,000;(ii) about 0.01% to about 20% by weight of the mixture of an alkylene glycol;(iii) about 3% to about 80% by weight of the mixture of an organic diisocyanate;(iv) about 0.1% to about 30% by weight of the mixture of a 2,2-di (hydroxymethyl)-alkanoic acid; and(v) about 0.001% to about 0.95% by weight of the mixture of water, wherein a ratio of isocyanate groups to hydroxyl groups is about 0.4 to about 1.1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 20, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: Helene Curtis, Inc.
    Inventors: Darshna Bhatt, Ramiro Galleguillos, Ken Nelson, Murray H. Reich
  • Patent number: 6007794
    Abstract: This invention relates to an aerosol hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water-dispersible or water-dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The aerosol hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which is a measure of turbidity, even at high concentrations of alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 1998
    Date of Patent: December 28, 1999
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott E. George, Vicki L. Underwood, D. Michael Garber, Andy H. Singleton
  • Patent number: 5961965
    Abstract: A description is given of water-soluble or water-dispersible polyaspartic acid derivatives, their preparation and their use in cosmetology, especially in hair cosmetology.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 5, 1999
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Son Nguyen Kim, Axel Sanner, Peter Hossel, Matthias Kroner
  • Patent number: 5958392
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition used for the treatment of keratin substances which contains at least one amphoteric polymer containing units A and B randomly distributed in the polymer chain, where A denotes a unit derived from a monomer containing at least one basic nitrogen atom and B denotes a unit derived from an acid monomer containing one or more carboxyl or sulphonyl groups, or alternatively A and B can denote groups derived from zwitterionic carboxybetaine monomer, A and B can also denote a cationic polymer chain containing secondary or tertiary amine groups or quaternary ammonium groups, in which chain at least one of the amine groups carries a carboxyl or sulphonyl group joined via a hydrocarbon radical, or alternatively A and B form part of a chain of a polymer with alpha, beta-dicarboxyethylene units, in which one of the carboxyl groups has been reacted with a polyamine containing one or more primary or secondary amine groups, and at least one cationic polymer of the polyamine or poly-(quat
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1999
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Jean Francois Grollier, Claire Fiquet, Chantal Fourcadier, Claude Dubief, Daniele Cauwet
  • Patent number: 5945086
    Abstract: Improved aqueous gliadin-containing cosmetic formulations are provided which include form about 0.5-10% by weight gliadin dispersed in an aqueous solvent system together with additional ingredients giving desired end properties. The formulations are preferably selected from the group consisting of hairsprays, hair shampoos and shampoo conditioners, hair styling gels, hair conditioners, instant conditioners, and hair reparatives, as well as sunscreens, shaving creams and bath and shower gels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1997
    Date of Patent: August 31, 1999
    Assignee: Midwest Grain Products
    Inventors: Sukh Bassi, Larry Murphy, Clodualdo C. Maningat, Li Nie
  • Patent number: 5911979
    Abstract: An aqueous hair setting composition, comprising: (a) from about 0.1% to about 15%, by weight, of a cationic, water soluble polymeric hair setting agent, said hair setting agent being a silicone macromer-grafted copolymer derived by polymerization of: (i) from about 1% to about 20%, by weight, silicone macromers; (ii) from about 5% to about 75%, by weight, nonionic, quaternizable monomers; and (iii) from about 5% to about 90%, by weight, nonionic, water soluble, non-quaternizable monomers; wherein at least about 5 wt/%, of the monomers, calculated by total weight of the copolymer, are quaternized and said copolymer has a backbone having a Tg of from about 30.degree. C. to about 140.degree. C.; and (b) from about 75% to about 99.9%, by weight, water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1997
    Date of Patent: June 15, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Sanjeev Midha, Peter Marte Torgerson
  • Patent number: 5900229
    Abstract: The invention relates to the use as sole or additional foaming agent in aqueous compositions for treating the skin or the hair, which are packaged in an aerosol device and are capable of forming a foam after expansion into the air, of a terpolymer consisting of 25 to 90% of vinyl lactam, of 1 to 55% of unsaturated carboxylic acid and of 1 to 20% of alkyl acrylate or methacrylate containing at least 6 carbon atoms, and to cosmetic or dermatological compositions packaged as an aerosol and forming a foam in the air, containing the terpolymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 4, 1999
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventor: Christine Dupuis
  • Patent number: 5871756
    Abstract: Thermally-inhibited starches and flours are used in cosmetic compositions such as skin and hair care products as emulsifiers, thickeners, and aesthetic control agents. The starch or flour is inhibited by dehydrating the starch or flour to anhydrous or substantially anhydrous and then heat treating the dehydrated starch or flour for a time and at a temperature sufficient to inhibit the starch or flour and improve its viscosity stability when dispersed in water. The dehydration may be a thermal or a non-thermal dehydration (e.g., by alcohol extraction or freeze-drying). Preferably, the pH of the starch or flour is adjusted to a neutral or above (e.g., pH 8-9.5) prior to the dehydration and heat treatment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 1996
    Date of Patent: February 16, 1999
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Roger Jeffcoat, Joseph Pasapane, Donna L. Ronco, Daniel B. Solarek, Douglas J. Hanchett
  • Patent number: 5855878
    Abstract: Disclosed is a vehicle system having a thickening system which comprises a nonionic long-chain alkylated water-soluble polymer and a specific cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant component dispersed in a compatible solvent. The quaternary surfactant component has an iodine value of at least about 15. The quaternary surfactant component is characterized by having a sufficient level of unsaturated C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl or C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl amido C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkylene radicals such that the average iodine value is at least about 15. These vehicle systems are useful in cosmetic compositions which are used to deliver an active component to the hair or skin. The vehicle systems are particularly useful in hair care compositions, especially rinse-off hair conditioning and styling compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: January 5, 1999
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Company
    Inventors: Timothy Woodrow Coffindaffer, Melissa Smith Monich, Steven Hilary Leitch, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Patrick Columkille McCall
  • Patent number: 5853701
    Abstract: This invention relates to an aerosol hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water-dispersible or water-dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The aerosol hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which is a measure of turbidity, even at high concentrations of alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 7, 1997
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Inventors: Scott E. George, Vicki L. Underwood, D. Michael Garber, Andy H. Singleton
  • Patent number: 5853700
    Abstract: A low volatile organic compound hair cosmetic composition containing a water insoluble, hydrolytically stable polypropylene oxide-modified polydimethylsiloxane block copolymer exhibits excellent spray characteristics and minimized contact foaming while providing high curl retention, fast drying time and low initial curl droop. The composition contains 0.001 to 0.9% of a polypropylene oxide-modified polydimethylsiloxane block copolymer which contains essentially no ethylene oxide, 1 to 15% of a film-forming resin, up to 70% of a solvent, 10 to 60% of a propellant, and water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: December 29, 1998
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: John L. Gormley, Gary T. Martino
  • Patent number: 5843418
    Abstract: Disclosed is a vehicle system having a thickening system which comprises a nonionic long-chain alkylated water-soluble polymer and a specific cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant component dispersed in a compatible solvent. The quaternary surfactant component has an iodine value of at least about 15. The quaternary surfactant component is characterized by having a sufficient level of unsaturated C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl or C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl amido C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkylene radicals such that the average iodine value is at least about 15. These vehicle systems are useful in cosmetic compositions which are used to deliver an active component to the hair or skin. The vehicle systems are particularly useful in hair care compositions, especially rinse-off hair conditioning and styling compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 27, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 1, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Timothy Woodrow Coffindaffer, Melissa Smith Monich, Steven Hilary Leitch, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Patrick Columkille McCall
  • Patent number: 5840280
    Abstract: A hairspray composition is provided with improved combability, spray efficiency and anti-foaming properties. The hairspray includes a film-forming resin, a carrier such as ethanol and a small level of a propoxylated non-ethoxylated silicone copolyol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Chesebrough-Pond's USA Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Raymond Faryniarz, Susan Kay Hentrich
  • Patent number: 5840292
    Abstract: A hair treatment composition is provided that includes a water-insoluble, dispersible polymeric resin having a viscosity of less than 2 centipoise at 25.degree. C. when dispersed at 10% in water and a water-soluble amphoteric polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 24, 1998
    Assignee: Chesebrough-Pond's USA Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: G. Jae Lee, Paul Vinski
  • Patent number: 5833968
    Abstract: The aqueous hair fixing composition is in the form of a highly viscous sprayable gel and contains 0.1 to 50 percent by weight of one or more disaccharides or a mixture of 2 to 37 percent by weight of one or more disaccharides and 63 to 98 percent by weight of one or more oligosaccharides, 0.05 to 30 percent by weight of one or more cationic polymers, and 0.05 to 10 percent by weight of at least one thickener selected from the group consisting of honopolymers of acrylic acid, acrylic acid/acrylamides copolymers and sclerotium gum, The composition of the invention necessarily does hot contain monovalent aliphatic alcohols having 1 to 4 carbon atoms and no inorganic salts of alkali metals or inorganic salts of bivalent or trivalent metals. Either the composition is sprayed with the aid of a mechanical spray device or, alternatively, a gaseous propellant is included in it and the composition and propellant is included under pressure in a dispensing container.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 20, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 10, 1998
    Assignee: Wella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Wolfgang Keil, Jurgen Schmenger, Bernd Stein
  • Patent number: 5830439
    Abstract: An improved hydrocarbon tolerant, aerosol hair spray resin composition includes a fixative polymer which is a tetrapolymer consisting essentially of (1) vinyl acetate, (2) vinyl neodecanoate or vinyl neononanoate, (3) monoisobutyl maleate and (4) N-t-butyl acrylamide, N-t-octyl acrylamide, or isobornyl (meth)acrylate, in a molar ratio from 10:10:15:1 to 26:1:15:1, preferably in a molar ratio of 12.5:7.5:15:1, exhibits advantageous small spray particle size, short tack and drying times, and hydrolytic stability, which are the desired performance characteristics on hair.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 16, 1997
    Date of Patent: November 3, 1998
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Jui-Chang Chuang, Edward Walls, Jr.
  • Patent number: 5807545
    Abstract: Disclosed is a vehicle system having a thickening system which comprises a nonionic long-chain alkylated water-soluble polymer and a specific cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant component dispersed in a compatible solvent. The quaternary surfactant component has an iodine value of at least about 15. The quaternary surfactant component is characterized by having a sufficient level of unsaturated C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl or C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl amido C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkylene radicals such that the average iodine value is at least about 15. These vehicle systems are useful in cosmetic compositions which are used to deliver an active component to the hair or skin. The vehicle systems are particularly useful in hair care compositions, especially rinse-off hair conditioning and styling compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1995
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Timothy Woodrow Coffindaffer, Melissa Smith Monich, Steven Hilary Leitch, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Patrick Columkille McCall, Jose Antonio Carballada
  • Patent number: 5807543
    Abstract: Disclosed is a vehicle system having a thickening system which comprises a nonionic long-chain alkylated water-soluble polymer and a specific cationic quaternary ammonium surfactant component dispersed in a compatible solvent. The quaternary surfactant component has an iodine value of at least about 15. The quaternary surfactant component is characterized by having a sufficient level of unsaturated C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl or C.sub.14 -C.sub.22 alkyl amido C.sub.2 -C.sub.6 alkylene radicals such that the average iodine value is at least about 15. These vehicle systems are useful in cosmetic compositions which are used to deliver an active component to the hair or skin. The vehicle systems are particularly useful in hair care compositions, especially rinse-off hair conditioning and styling compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 1993
    Date of Patent: September 15, 1998
    Assignee: The Procter & Gamble Co.
    Inventors: Timothy Woodrow Coffindaffer, Melissa Smith Monich, Steven Hilary Leitch, Raymond Edward Bolich, Jr., Patrick Columkille McCall, Jose Antonio Carballada
  • Patent number: 5780013
    Abstract: Improved aqueous gliadin-containing hairspray formulations are provided which include form about 0.5-10% by weight gliadin dispersed in an aqueous alcohol-containing solvent system at a pH of from about 3-5.5. The preferred formulations have a VOC content of up to about 55% and contain little or no synthetic polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 1996
    Date of Patent: July 14, 1998
    Assignee: Midwest Grain Products
    Inventors: Sukh Bassi, Larry Murphy, Clodualdo C. Maningat, Li Nie
  • Patent number: 5766511
    Abstract: Use of near-azeotropic mixtures of hydrofluorocarbons with butane or isobutane selected from:A) 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) 5-88% by wt1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane (HFC-227ea) 12-95% by wtB) 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) 10-87% by wt1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane (HFC-227ea) 12-81% by wtn-butane 1-30% by wtC) 1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane (HFC-134a) 18-69% by wt1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane (HFC 227ea) 30-81% by wtisobutane 1-30% by wtas propellant fluids for aerosol.Said mixtures have zero ODP, very low GWP, no or low inflammability, insignificant pressure loss during the use and good solubility towards the typical solvents of aerosol formulations.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 16, 1998
    Assignee: Ausimont S.P.A.
    Inventors: Ezio Musso, Giampiero Basile
  • Patent number: 5759522
    Abstract: An innovative-type hair spray concentrate of defined Brookfield viscosity and solids content which is capable of delivering reduced VOC spray particles of acceptable quality under the Innovative Product Clause Regulations in combination with a suitable restricter valve and actuator system. The concentrate includes a fixative which is the half-ester of a copolymer of maleic anhydride and methyl vinyl ether having a weight average molecular weight of about 40,000 to about 70,000, which provides advantageous physical and use performance properties.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 1996
    Date of Patent: June 2, 1998
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Herbert Ulmer, Colleen M. Rocafort
  • Patent number: 5723113
    Abstract: A hairspray composition is described that includes a nonionic polymer and an anionic polymer. The nonionic polymer is formed from monomers having at least one unneutralized carboxylic acid. The anionic polymer is identical to the nonionic one, except that all of the carboxylic acid groups are in salt form. Advantageously, the composition further includes an acrylic resin, most especially an amphoteric one. Best results are achieved when the acrylic resin is neutralized with a relatively small cation such as potassium and a second cation of a water soluble fatty amine. These compositions employ water as the carrier and dimethyl ether as propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 3, 1998
    Assignee: Chesebrough-Pond's USA Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: Joseph Raymond Faryniarz, G. Jae Lee, Paul Vinski, Frank Jones
  • Patent number: 5690921
    Abstract: The hair fixing composition is in the form of an aqueous solution, foam or gel and contains from 0.1 to 5 percent by weight of one or more film-forming natural polymers, from 5 to 60 percent by weight of one or more water-soluble, halogen-free organic solvents, from 30 to 95% by weight water and from 0.05 to 2 percent by weight of one or more of the following compounds which are insoluble in water at room temperature but soluble in the composition: a C.sub.8 - to C.sub.20 -alkanediol, a C.sub.8 - to C.sub.20 -alkanetriol, a monoglyceride of saturated or unsaturated C.sub.12 - to C.sub.20 -fatty acids, a monodiglyceride of saturated or unsaturated C.sub.12 - to C.sub.20 -fatty acids, a C.sub.12 - to C.sub.20 -fatty alcohol ethoxylated with from 2 to 3 moles of ethylene oxide, a polysiloxane/polyether copolymer having a cloud point at a temperature of less than 20.degree. C., a polyoxyethylene/polyoxypropylene block polymer and a polyoxyethylene/polyoxybutylene block polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 1995
    Date of Patent: November 25, 1997
    Assignee: Wella Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Gunther Lang, Thomas Clausen
  • Patent number: 5686066
    Abstract: Disclosed are polymers (polyaspartic acid Zwitterionic derivatives) containing, in the molecule, 1 mol % or more of at least one repeating unit selected from the group consisting of repeating units represented by the following formulas (1) and (2). ##STR1## These polymers are useful in the preparation of hair-treating compositions and cosmetic compositions having excellent hairdressing properties and good biocompatibility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 1996
    Date of Patent: November 11, 1997
    Assignee: Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc.
    Inventors: Yukiko Harada, Hosei Shinoda, Makoto Sukegawa, Hiroaki Tamatani
  • Patent number: 5681546
    Abstract: Hair styling mousse compositions are provided based on a combination of water soluble film-forming resin, an amphoteric surfactant and a propellant system. The system requires a combination of C.sub.3 -C.sub.5 alkane hydrocarbon and dimethyl ether in a respective weight ratio from 4:1 to 1:2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 18, 1996
    Date of Patent: October 28, 1997
    Assignee: Chesebrough-Pond's USA Co., Division of Conopco, Inc.
    Inventors: G. Jae Lee, Frank Jones
  • Patent number: 5679329
    Abstract: A cosmetic hair-perming composition with a cosmetically acceptable medium containing at least one milk protein and/or milk protein hydrolysate and at least one keratin hydrolysate having a molecular weight of 100-200,000.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 8, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 21, 1997
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Christine Dupuis, Claude Dubief
  • Patent number: 5674479
    Abstract: This invention relates to an aerosol hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water-dispersible or water-dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The aerosol hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which is a measure of turbidity, even at high concentrations of alcohol.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: October 7, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott E. George, Vicki L. Underwood, D. Michael Garber, Andy H. Singleton
  • Patent number: 5662893
    Abstract: This invention relates to a pump hair spray formulation containing 0.5 to 15 weight percent of a water-dispersible or water-dissipatible, linear sulfopolyester having a Tg of 40.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and an inherent viscosity of 0.24 to 0.60 dl/g which contains repeat units from 20 to 26 mole percent dimethyl-5-sodiosulfoisophthalate and 74 to 80 mole percent isophthalic acid, based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid; 10 to 30 mole percent 1,4-cyclohexanedimethanol and 70 to 90 mole percent diethylene glycol, based on 100 mole percent diol; and up to 60 weight percent of an alcohol. The pump hair spray formulations are clear, have improved dry time and curl retention, and exhibit less than 20 NTU's, which is a measure of turbidity, even at alcohol concentrations of 60 weight percent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 3, 1994
    Date of Patent: September 2, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: Scott E. George, Vicki L. Underwood, D. Michael Garber
  • Patent number: 5660816
    Abstract: A clear hair spray formulation which exhibits less than 30 NTU's and contains a linear sulfopolyester and a water-soluble polymer wherein the formulation is in water or a water/alcohol mixture. The sulfopolyester has a glass transition temperature of 40.degree. C. to 60.degree. C. and contains repeat units from the reaction product of a dicarboxylic acid, a diol and a difunctional sulfomonomer. The difunctional sulfomonomer is present in an amount from 18.5 to 22.5 mole percent based on 100 mole percent dicarboxylic acid and 100 mole percent diol. The hair spray formulation may optionally contain a propellant.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 26, 1997
    Assignee: Eastman Chemical Company
    Inventors: L. Jane Adams, D. Michael Garber, Sandra N. Porter, Andy H. Singleton, Vicki L. Underwood
  • Patent number: 5658552
    Abstract: The invention refers to a hair spray containing a low proportion of volatile compounds and having improved spraying and setting properties comprisinga) about 5% to about 50% of at least one lower alcohol selected from the group of ethanol, n-propanol and (or) isopropyl alcohol;b) about 15% to about 70% by wt. water;c) about 1% to about 15% by wt. of at least one film-forming polymer;d) about 0.1% to about 3% by wt. of a water-dispersible silicone wax of the general formula I, ##STR1## wherein n and m may be identical or different and denote an integer between 10 and 20; which is either packede1) as an aerosol spray composition with dimethyl ether or a compressed gas selected from the group of di-nitrogen oxide, air, nitrogen and (or) carbon dioxide as propellent, ore2) as a manually operated pump spray.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 1995
    Date of Patent: August 19, 1997
    Assignee: Goldwell GmbH
    Inventors: Einhard Bunning, Christine Cajan
  • Patent number: 5653963
    Abstract: An aerosol system for dispensing a hair lacquer having a flammability classification less than or equal to 4 according to the Roth apparatus comprises, in combination, an aerosol recipient provided with a value equipped with a dispenser wherein the valve and dispenser have orifices such that the initial outflow of the hair lacquer is between 0.5 and 0.7 g/s. The aerosol recipient contains a hair lacquer composition consisting of 12 to 25% by weight of water, 10 to 26% by weight of an alcoholic phase selected from the group consisting of ethanol, isopropanol and mixtures thereof, and 49 to 78% by weight of dimethyl ether, the alcoholic phase containing from 3 to 5% by weight, compared to the total weight of the composition, of a synthetic film-forming resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 1994
    Date of Patent: August 5, 1997
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Regis Beitone, Nicole Konig, Veronique Toebat, Jean-Francois Benoist
  • Patent number: 5639448
    Abstract: A method of thermally setting hair including the sequential steps of:(a) applying a thermoplastic polyester fixative resin composition, having a pH less than about 5, to the hair prior to configuring the hair in a desired configuration;(b) contacting the hair with a thermal appliance to heat the applied polyester to its glaze transition temperature;(c) configuring the hair while the polyester is at a temperature of at least its glass transition temperature; and(d) cooling the polyester to a temperature below its glass transition temperature while the hair is in the desired configuration to harden the polyester in the shape of the configured hair. Preferably, the thermoplastic polyester fixative resin includes a plurality of neutralized sulfonate moieties, and has a glass transition temperature below about 120.degree. C., and is solubilized or dispersed in water in an amount of about 0.1% to about 20%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 11, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 17, 1997
    Assignee: Helene Curtis, Inc.
    Inventors: Ramiro Galleguillos, Darshna Bhatt
  • Patent number: 5637296
    Abstract: This invention relates to a 0.5 to 7 wt. % solids hair fixative composition having superior moisture resistant hold and minimal tack duration which provides a stiff film on artificial or human hair and superior hair combability, which composition essentially contains a resin mixture of (a) a terpolymer derived from about 17 to about 30 wt. % N-vinyl pyrrolidone, from about 60 to about 80 wt. % N-vinyl caprolactam and from about 3 to about 6 wt. % di-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl amino-C.sub.1 -C.sub.4 alkyl-acrylate or methacrylate having a number average molecular weight of between about 20,000 and about 200,000 and (b) a N-vinyl pyrrolidone/vinyl acetate copolymer having a number average molecular weight of between about 10,000 and about 100,000; combined in a weight ratio of 1.4-6:1 (a) to (b).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 1994
    Date of Patent: June 10, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventor: Colleen M. Rocafort
  • Patent number: 5628991
    Abstract: A cosmetic composition for treatment of human keratinous organs is na aqueous medium having a pH ranging from 5 to 12.5 and contains (a) as an active agent a reducing agent, a dyeing agent or an oxidizing agent and (b) a diaminoalkane which combats or reduces residual unpleasant odor of human keratinous organs treated with the active agent.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1995
    Date of Patent: May 13, 1997
    Assignee: L'Oreal
    Inventors: Henri Samain, Claude Dubief, Jean Cotteret
  • Patent number: 5626836
    Abstract: Low VOC hair spray resin compositions containing homogeneous terpolymers of vinyl pyrrolidone, vinyl caprolactam and 3-(N-dimethylaminopropyl) methacrylamide are described. The hair spray compositions are made using a solution of the terpolymer which is clear and low in viscosity, and which provides a spray of relative small particle size. The hair spray compositions exhibit an effective high humidity curl retention property.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Kou-Chang Liu, Colleen M. Rocafort, Lowell R. Anderson, Yakir Reuven
  • Patent number: 5626835
    Abstract: A low volatile organic compounds hair spray microemulsion in the form of a stable, clear, single phase system in which the particles therein have a diameter of less than 1 micron, consisting essentially of, by weight,(a) an ethyl half-ester of a copolymer of maleic anhydride and an alkyl vinyl ether in an amount of less than 20%, optionally neutralized up to 20 mole %,(b) an ethoxylated glycerol fatty acid ester as the surfactant having a hydrophobic-lipophilic balance of 10-18, in an amount of at least 0.1%,(c) ethanol in an amount of 55% or less, and(d) water to 100%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 7, 1994
    Date of Patent: May 6, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Edward G. Malawer, Kolazi S. Narayanan, James Cullen, Colleen M. Rocafort
  • Patent number: 5620683
    Abstract: Aqueous, acrylic hair fixative compositions are disclosed which utilize a partially-neutralized acrylic hair fixative polymer. The polymer is neutralized in a solvent system in which water is always the major solvent constituent and organic solvents are optional. Methods of making the hair fixative compositions which require water as the primary solvent utilized to prepare the hair fixative compositions are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 13, 1995
    Date of Patent: April 15, 1997
    Assignee: National Starch and Chemical Investment Holding Corporation
    Inventors: Quinn K. Tong, Charles W. Paul
  • Patent number: 5614173
    Abstract: A hair spray composition of 80% or less VOC includes a fixative which is the half-ester of a copolymer of maleic anhydride and methyl vinyl ether having advantageous physical and performance properties even at low fixative levels. The copolymer is made by polymerizing the monomers at a selected temperature in the presence of a predetermined amount of a polymerization initiator whose decomposition fragments are soluble in hydroalcoholic solutions containing high levels of water. The composition is clear and without precipitate formation, has a low weight average molecular weight and a narrow molecular weight distribution or polydispersity, affording a low solution viscosity. The composition also forms a spray pattern of small particle size, providing clear, hard fixative films with superior adhesion to the hair of the user, an advantageous high humidity curl retention (hold), and low tack and dry times, in both pump and aerosol products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 1995
    Date of Patent: March 25, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Herbert Ulmer, Colleen M. Rocafort
  • Patent number: 5609865
    Abstract: Substantially homogeneous copolymers comprising 20-99% of vinyl pyrrolidone (VP) and 1-80% of N-3,3-dimethylaminopropyl methacrylamide, (DMAPMA), preferably 50-95% VP and 5-50% DMAPMA, and, most preferably, about 80:20, by weight, having a weight average molecular weight of about 200,000 to 1,500,000, as a clear, low viscosity aqueous solution of the homogeneous copolymer, at a 5-20% solids level, preferably about 10-15%, by weight of the solution, having a viscosity of about 5,000 to 80,000 cps, preferably about 10,000 to 70,000 cps. The solution obtained herein has lower viscosity and better clarity, and provides hair care products with enhanced curl retention (hold), when compared to non-homogeneous copolymers of the same composition, or related existing commercial products.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 28, 1994
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Kou-Chang Liu, Lowell R. Anderson, Eugene E. Hardy, Yakir Reuven
  • Patent number: 5609862
    Abstract: Ampholyte terpolymer conditioning additives for hair care products are disclosed which improve wet and dry hair combability, especially detangling and reduced static flyaway, sheen, and fixative properties, especially curl retention. The ampholyte terpolymers may have a weight average molecular weight of from about 10 thousand to 10 million, and comprise (a) from at least 1 to as much as 95 weight percent of a nonionic monomer, (b) from at least 5 to as much as 80 weight percent of a cationic monomer, and (c) from at least 1 to as much as 75 weight percent of an anionic monomer. In a preferred embodiment, the amount of the cationic and anionic components is such that the overall % net charge of the ampholyte terpolymer is between -5.0 and +5.0. The ampholyte terpolymers are added to hair care product formulations in amounts ranging from 0.1-10% by weight. They are particularly compatible with anionic surfactant shampoos, providing clear formulations without the loss of conditioning properties described above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 1, 1993
    Date of Patent: March 11, 1997
    Assignee: Calgon Corporation
    Inventors: Shih-Ruey T. Chen, Craig W. Vaughan
  • Patent number: 5603919
    Abstract: Low VOC hair spray fixative compositions containing a fixative which is a tetramer of vinyl pyrrolidone, vinyl caprolactam, 3-(N-dimethylaminopropyl) methacrylamide and a C.sub.8 -C.sub.18 alkyl acrylamide or acrylate, in predetermined compositional ranges of each monomer, and molecular weight, are described. The hair spray compositions herein are clear and low in viscosity, and form a spray of relatively small particle size which spreads evenly on the hair of the user as clear films which exhibit an effective high humidity curl retention property, good stiffness, and low tack and short drying times.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 5, 1995
    Date of Patent: February 18, 1997
    Assignee: ISP Investments Inc.
    Inventors: Kou-Chang Liu, Colleen M. Rocafort