By Abrading Patents (Class 426/483)
  • Patent number: 9795157
    Abstract: Cereal grain is pretreated before milling, by selectively removing a first fraction of husk components of the cereal, wherein the first fraction includes the outer husk components of the dampened cereal, and wherein 0.2 to 2% by weight of the cereal is removed, then dampening and conditioning the cereal, then selectively removing a second fraction of husk components of the cereal, wherein the second fraction substantially contains dietary fibers of the dampened cereal. The method makes it possible to efficiently obtain contamination-free total dietary fibers. An apparatus for carrying out the method, and advantageous uses of the total dietary fibers are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 27, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 24, 2017
    Assignee: General Mills, Inc.
    Inventors: Walter Eugster, Jurgen Winter, Uwe Schill
  • Publication number: 20150030739
    Abstract: A dry processing technique for corn includes the stages of cleaning, conditioning, debranning, degerming and grits breaking, and germ screening and grits extracting. The debranning stage includes first stirred debranning, dampening and second stirred debranning in sequence. The dampening stage uses a dampener (9) to add water of 0.5-5% of the corn weight to the corn, the water temperature is 10-60° C., and the stirred debranning stage is performed within 10 minutes after dampening The height of the corn is controlled within 0.5-3 m during the stirred debranning stage. Stirrers (8, 1, 12, 15) are employed, and the linear velocity of the stirring rod is controlled within 1-6 m/S. The process can increase the output rates of the corn grits and corn flour with a fat content less than 1%, and the germ with a purity of more than 80%.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 29, 2012
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Inventors: Hongfu Wang, Yi Wang
  • Patent number: 8808782
    Abstract: A durum wheat pasta containing bran, wherein the bran has a total fiber content comprised between 30 and 36% and a protein content comprised between 15 and 19% (% in weight of the total weight of the bran); such pasta preferably has a bran content comprised between 5 and 30% and is produced by a process which comprises the steps of a) subjecting durum wheat caryopses (101) to sequential abrasion process phases in order to substantially remove the bran coating, thereby obtaining different bran fractions, the latter of which (D) originates from the removal of the aleurone, nucellar and testa layers; b) adding the latter bran fraction (D) to a durum wheat semolina (S) substantially free of bran in a quantity such to obtain a mixture (C) containing from 5 to 30% of the total weight of bran fraction (D); c) producing the pasta by means of conventional techniques starting from said mixture (C); the invention furthermore refers to a durum wheat semolina composition having a fiber content comprised between 30 and 36%
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 19, 2014
    Assignee: Barilla G.e R. Fratelli S.p.A.
    Inventors: Guido Arlotti, Francesco Panto, Roberto Ranieri, Giovanni Tribuzio
  • Patent number: 8771777
    Abstract: A hard wheat pasta containing bran which has a total fiber content between 30 and 36% and a protein content between 15 and 19%. The pasta preferably has a bran content between 5 and 30% and is produced by a process including the steps of: subjecting hard wheat caryopses to sequential abrasion to substantially remove the bran coating and obtaining a bran fraction (D) which originates from the removal of the aleurone, nucellar and testa layers; adding the bran fraction (D) to a hard wheat semolina substantially free of bran to obtain a mixture containing 5 to 30% of the bran fraction (D); and producing the pasta from said mixture. The disclosure furthermore refers to a hard wheat semolina composition having a fiber content between 30 and 36% and a protein content between 15 and 19% and to a process for its production.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 8, 2014
    Assignee: Barilla G. e R. Fratelli S.p.A.
    Inventors: Guido Arlotti, Francesco Panto, Roberto Ranieri, Giovanni Tribuzio
  • Patent number: 8722125
    Abstract: The present invention is developed in the farming machinery field used during the wet stage of the coffee and refers to an apparatus that allows carrying out the processes of demucilaging, cleaning and washing of the previously depulped coffee seedcases using a low water and power consumption.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignees: Penagos Hermanos y Cia. Ltda, Alvaro Ardila Duarte
    Inventors: Elias Ariza, Alvaro Ardila Duarte
  • Patent number: 8563063
    Abstract: A melon peeler system designed to safely and quickly separate the rind from a melon for consumption. The melon peeler system includes a melon peeler assembly having a concave base, a horizontal blade, fasteners, and vertical supports. The concave base has a smooth surface and serves as a melon cutting guide. The horizontal blade is supported a user-determined distance above the concave base by the vertical supports and the blade is a small, flat cutting edge sufficiently sharp to slice through a melon but not sufficiently sharp to easily cut a user. Suction cups fasteners located on the bottom of the device provide stability and allow the assembly to be removably affixed to a planar surface of the user's choice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Inventors: Jerry Avey, Donna Avey
  • Publication number: 20130183425
    Abstract: The invention relates to a rice-polishing machine sieve profile. In one embodiment this is accomplished by an elongate, tubular shaped sieve arrangement with a polygonal profile, comprising a cam essentially cylindrical shape co-axially arranged” within the sieve arrangement such that between an inner surface of the sieve arrangement and a jacket-surface of the cam a polishing chamber has a maximal and a minimal radial distance between jacket-surface of the cam and the inner surface of the sieve arrangement, characterized in that the number of corners of the polygonal profile is larger than 8.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: July 18, 2013
    Applicant: Buhler (India) Pvt. Ltd.
    Inventors: Gopalakrishnan Trikkur Sangameswaran, Srikanth Dinamani Rao
  • Patent number: 8343562
    Abstract: The present invention describes a method and apparatus for aqueous extraction of chemical compounds from solid material in which the solid material is entrained in an extraction liquid phase that flowed around immersed sonotrodes emitting radial or focused high energy ultrasonic waves. A significant increase in extracted material and decreases in extraction time is observed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2007
    Date of Patent: January 1, 2013
    Assignee: Cavitus Pty Ltd
    Inventors: Darren M. Bates, Arthur R. McLoughlin, Andrew Sin Ju Yap
  • Publication number: 20120328751
    Abstract: The present invention is developed in the farming machinery field used during the wet stage of the coffee and refers to an apparatus that allows carrying out the processes of demucilaging, cleaning and washing of the previously depulped coffee seedcases using a low water and power consumption.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Publication date: December 27, 2012
    Applicants: ALVARO ARDILA DUARTE, PENAGOS HERMANOS Y CIA. LTDA
    Inventors: Elias Ariza, Alvaro Ardila Duarte
  • Patent number: 8227012
    Abstract: Specifically, a dry corn fractionation system which operates to produce an endosperm fraction which can be concurrently of greater purity at greater yield than obtainable from corn milling or dry corn milling processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 24, 2012
    Assignee: MOR Technology, LLC
    Inventors: Kenneth E. DeLine, Daniel L. Claycamp, Daniel Fetherston, Rodger T. Marentis
  • Publication number: 20120135121
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a process for dehulling oats, which reduces the dehulling strength and improves a dehulling effect by lowering the dehulling speed by 20%˜40% and prolonging dehulling duration, so that the resultant oat grains remain intact and plumules are retained on the oat grains, and the improved dehulling effect is ensured simultaneously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 29, 2011
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Applicant: INNER MONGOLIA SANZHULIANG NATURAL OATS INDUSTRY C
    Inventor: Zhi Sun
  • Patent number: 8017164
    Abstract: A method for peeling fruits and vegetables, particularly those having thin skins, such as tomatoes includes immersing the fruit or vegetable in a boiling solution comprising carbamide and one of carborane and hydrogen chloride to loosen a peel thereof. In a particular embodiment, the carborane comprises trifluoromethanesulfonic acid. The fruit or vegetable is removed from the solution after a predetermined time period. The fruit or vegetable is cooled, and the loosened peel is removed from the fruit or vegetable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 28, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 13, 2011
    Assignee: Green Products & Technologies, LLC
    Inventor: John MacDonald
  • Patent number: 7887862
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for separating joined components, purifying liquid, promoting interaction between two or more components and improving combustion. The apparatus has a housing, a rotor inside of the housing, a plurality of protrusions extending from the rotor, a shaft coupled with the rotor and a prime mover for rotating the shaft. Fluid within the housing cavitates as the rotor rotates and the protrusions move through the fluid. Cavitation causes joined components within the fluid to separate, kills undesirable organisms within the fluid, promotes interaction of components within the fluid and improves combustion of a liquid fuel. The fluid and components may also be subjected to abrasion and centrifugal and impact forces for separating the components, purifying the fluid, promoting interaction of the components and improving combustion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 15, 2011
    Assignee: Industrias Centli S.A. de C.V.
    Inventors: Fernando Roberto Paz Briz, Fernando Roberto Paz Alcazar
  • Patent number: 7867543
    Abstract: This invention discloses a method for making rice bran flour by treating rice bran under high pressure and high temperature for a long period of time in two separate steps, the method comprising: husking and grinding the rice, then collecting the rice bran; inactivating the lipase of the rice bran; treating the rice bran under high pressure and high temperature; drying and screening the rice bran; treating the rice bran flour so obtained under high pressure and high temperature again; and cooling the rice bran. Said rice bran flour made from said method is effective in lowering glycosylated hemoglobin and increasing insulin of diabetes mellitus patients.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 19, 2005
    Date of Patent: January 11, 2011
    Assignee: Taipei Medical University
    Inventor: Hsing-Hsien Cheng
  • Publication number: 20110003065
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for pretreating grain before milling, comprising the following steps: a) providing cereal; b) optionally: dampening and conditioning the cereal; c) selectively removing a first fraction of husk components of the cereal obtained from step b), wherein said first fraction substantially comprises the outer husk components of the dampened cereal, and wherein 0.2 to 2% by weight of the cereal is removed; d) dampening and conditioning the cereal obtained from step c); e) selectively removing a second fraction of husk components of the cereal obtained from step d), wherein said second fraction substantially contains dietary fibers of the dampened cereal. The method makes it possible to efficiently obtain contamination-free total dietary fibers. An apparatus for carrying out the method, and advantageous uses of the total dietary fibers are described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2009
    Publication date: January 6, 2011
    Applicant: BUHLER AG
    Inventors: Walter Eugster, Jurgen Winter, Uwe Schill
  • Patent number: 7781008
    Abstract: Disclosed is a scarified, whole, dried, infused, buoyant cranberry. Further a process for preparing the cranberry is disclosed. The process includes sizing individually quick frozen cranberries by collecting those that pass through a mesh screen with 16 millimeter openings and that are retained on a mesh screen with openings of 9 millimeters. The sized cranberries are then scarified and infused in an infusion solution having a Brix of from 40 to 80 at a temperature of from 29 to 44° C.±5° C. until the cranberries have a Brix of at least about 40. The cranberries are removed from the infusion solution and dried at a temperature of from 73 to 85° C. until they have a water activity level of from 0.25 to 0.6 and a buoyancy of at least 30%.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 24, 2010
    Assignees: Kellogg Company, Graceland Fruit, Inc.
    Inventors: Nirmal K. Sinha, Meena Sinha, Michael N. Bauman, Chris Willoughby
  • Publication number: 20100203195
    Abstract: A semi-wet process for refining corn to make a feedstock for ethanol production. Corn is tempered at a moisture content from about 20-25% by weight for a very short time followed by grinding. The ground corn is not dried and cooled before further processing. It is graded and then ground and sifted to make an endosperm fraction and a high purity fraction of germ and bran. The fraction of germ and bran can be separated in a one or two stage dry separation process or in a wet separation process. In the wet separation process, the fraction of germ and bran is enzymatically steeped, dewatered and then separated in hydrocyclones to produce a germ fraction and a bran fraction.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 11, 2009
    Publication date: August 12, 2010
    Inventors: John Didion, Todd J. Giesfeldt, Jon Bortz
  • Patent number: 7767242
    Abstract: Disclosed is a peeled whole dried infused buoyant cranberry. Further a process for preparing the cranberry is disclosed. The process includes sizing individually quick frozen cranberries by collecting those that pass through a mesh screen with 16 millimeter openings and that are retained on a mesh screen with openings of 9 millimeters. The sized cranberries are then peeled and infused in an infusion solution having a Brix of from 40 to 80 at a temperature of from 29 to 44° C.±5° C. until the cranberries have a Brix of at least about 40. The cranberries are removed from the infusion solution and dried at a temperature of from 73 to 85° C. until they have a water activity level of from 0.25 to 0.6 and a buoyancy of at least 30%. The final dried infused cranberry preferably has a Brix of 76 to 84.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2006
    Date of Patent: August 3, 2010
    Assignee: Kellogg Company
    Inventors: Michael N. Bauman, Chris Willoughby, Nirmal K. Sinha, Meena Sinha
  • Patent number: 7629011
    Abstract: An efficient process for enzymatically peeling citrus fruit applies a vacuum to perforated fruit and, while maintaining that vacuum, introduces an enzyme solution to the perforated fruit. The fruit is infused with the enzyme by releasing the vacuum pressure. After incubating the enzyme, the albedo of the fruit is weakened and the citrus peel can be readily removed. The peeled fruit may be divided into sections and the encompassing membrane removed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2009
    Assignee: Del Monte Corporation
    Inventors: Jogre Suasin, Karim Nafisi, Juan Lopez
  • Publication number: 20090291178
    Abstract: A method and apparatus for cleaning frost-damaged artichokes is disclosed. Fluids, fluids under high pressure, mechanical devices, including but not limited to brushes, sponges, or any material that can apply a soft abrasion may, or a similar device may be applied to the damaged portions of an artichoke, thereby removing the damaged tissue and improving the appearance and/or life of the artichoke.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 26, 2009
    Publication date: November 26, 2009
    Inventor: Michael Scattini
  • Patent number: 7615243
    Abstract: A method of peeling agricultural products having skins, including the steps of: immersing the agricultural products to be peeled in a treating solution in a first area of a peeling apparatus, and forming a mixture at a first pressure; transporting the mixture in a second area, the second area having a first end at the first pressure and a second end at a second pressure; transporting the mixture in a third area, the third area being at an essentially constant second pressure; transporting the mixture in a fourth area, the fourth area having a first end at the second pressure and having a second end at a third pressure that is essentially equal to the first pressure and transporting the mixture to a separator at essentially the third pressure. An apparatus for peeling agricultural products having skins in accordance with the method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2005
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2009
    Inventors: Jerry M. Hougland, Todrick G. Harter, Zvi Albert
  • Patent number: 7595078
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for increasing the amount of hull portions recovered from flaxseeds. In a preferred embodiment, the invention includes providing a plurality of harvested flaxseeds, tempering the harvested flaxseeds by sufficiently increasing the moisture content for at least about one-half hour to increase the amount of hulls recovered from the flaxseeds, and recovering a portion of the hulls from the moisture-increased flaxseeds. The claimed invention also relates to a flaxseed hull isolate that includes at least 7 up to 17 weight percent of flaxseed hull based on the total weight of flaxseeds. Additionally, the claimed invention relates to a harvested flaxseed, whose moisture content is increased by at least about 1 weight percent, and a flax product having a lignan concentration of at least 10 percent by weight.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 29, 2009
    Assignee: Glanbia Nutritionals Ireland Limited
    Inventor: Glenn Roy Pizzey
  • Patent number: 7553507
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process to remove the bran and the germ from the endosperm of a corn kernel. The process includes use of an apparatus having a chamber to induce rubbing between adjacent corn kernels to remove bran and an apparatus for germ removal having frictional cylindrical rollers rotating substantially parallel to one another, in opposing directions, and tensioned to impart low-impact friction forces to each corn kernel drawn between the roller surfaces. The process of the present invention includes a tempering step including adding an amount of moisture to the bran of the corn kernel by wetting and soaking the corn kernel; a bran removal step for removing substantially all bran from the corn by rubbing corn kernels together; a second tempering step including adding an additional amount of moisture to the exposed germ by wetting and soaking the exposed germ; and a degermination step to fracture the endosperm about the germ, substantially freeing the germ from the endosperm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 8, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2009
    Assignee: Satake USA, Inc.
    Inventor: Peter Matthews
  • Publication number: 20090123622
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method and a system for dehusking grains, in particular for removing the spelts and/or the seed coat and the germ bud of grains and/or of malted grains and its processing in the brewing industry. The outer layers/shells are removed from cleaned and malted distiller's grains in a husking machine (20).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 9, 2006
    Publication date: May 14, 2009
    Applicant: Buehler AG
    Inventors: Klaus Gehrig, Hans-Jorg Menger, Urs Keller
  • Patent number: 7524522
    Abstract: Specifically, a dry corn fractionation system which operates to produce an endosperm fraction which can be concurrently of greater purity at greater yield than obtainable from corn milling or dry corn milling processes.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2007
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2009
    Assignee: MOR Technology, LLC
    Inventors: Kenneth E. DeLine, Daniel L. Claycamp, Daniel Fetherston
  • Publication number: 20090098273
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for skinning wheat grains and to the products obtained with said process, namely skinned wheat grains and the separated outer skin fragments. It also concerns a specific installation to implement this process. The wheat grain skinning process of the invention notably comprises the following steps: a) cleaning the raw wheat grains; b) moistening the cleaned wheat grains; c) contacting the wheat grains with ozone, after or at the time as their moistening at step b); d) separating the detached outer skin fragments from the mass of grains partly or wholly skinned at step c).
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 19, 2007
    Publication date: April 16, 2009
    Applicant: GREEN TECHNOLOGIES
    Inventors: Christian Coste, Michel Dubois, Anne-Gaëlle Pernot
  • Publication number: 20090068332
    Abstract: A seed shucking appliance for separating seed coverings from their kernels comprises a vertical cylinder within which is rotated an upward pointing and rotating cone. The top surfaces of the cone and the inside surfaces of the cylinder are roughened to catch and grate the skins or hulls off water-softened beans or grains poured in from above. The clearances and textures between the roughened cone and inside cylinder are such that most of the skins or shells stay above the cone after being knocked loose, and the bared seed kernels drop down through without necessarily being ground up or smashed. What drops through is sent to a water bath where any remaining skins or shells are floated away. The bared seed kernels are drained and ready to be used as whole seed kernels in various kinds of foods.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 6, 2007
    Publication date: March 12, 2009
    Inventor: Olajire Idowu
  • Publication number: 20090047403
    Abstract: The machine removes skins from a pomegranate or other fruit or vegetable. A pair of belts are spaced apart by a gap. The belts travel in a common direction adjacent the gap and are closer together on at least portions thereof than a width of the pomegranate. Pomegranates passed through the gap are thus compressed between the two belts. One of the belts travels faster than the other belt so that both compression and a shearing force act upon the skin of the pomegranate. The skin is torn and opened to expose arils within a core of the pomegranate. An under belt preferably carries pomegranates through the gap with slots in the under belt to allow arils and juice to fall down through an opening in a deck upon which the compression belts are mounted. A tray collects the arils and juice falling through the deck below the gap.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 14, 2007
    Publication date: February 19, 2009
    Inventor: Rodney A. Lyon
  • Patent number: 7445806
    Abstract: A process for selectively grinding dual-density processed food in a single unit operation in a short-duration manner. Selective grinding as between lower-density and higher-density portions of the dual-density processed food may be effected without the need for moving mechanical parts. A granulated lower-density portion and liberated nonground higher-density portion obtained from the selective grinding treatment performed on dual-density processed food are independently useful for re-use in food production lines.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2004
    Date of Patent: November 4, 2008
    Assignee: Kraft Foods Global Brands LLC
    Inventors: Manoj Shah, Nicole Remily, Mark J. Ramundo, Kristin G. Neale
  • Patent number: 7430958
    Abstract: A double blade peeling device for vegetable and fruit comprises a handle attached to a vegetable and fruit retaining member and a body of screw, the handle can drive internal gears to rotate, so as to make the retaining member and the body of screw to rotate as well. The body of screw, which is provided with two screw threads, drives upper and lower blade carriers to move upward and downward oppositely, such that the blades mounted on the upper and lower blade carriers move downward and upward respectively, contact the rotating food frictionally, and peel vegetable or fruit from upside and underside simultaneously. When two blade carriers move to the intermediate position to complete the peeling action, the two blade carriers open through wedge in blade carrier devices, two blades leave the surface of food, the lower blade carrier devices disengage with the body of screw. The body of screw drives upper blade carrier device to press the lower blade carrier device to move downward unceasingly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 7, 2008
    Inventor: Yan Kwong Wong
  • Patent number: 7428863
    Abstract: An improved peeling machine for controlling the removal of a peeling from a food product, the peeling machine having a hopper with a supply auger that pushes a food item to a peeling chamber, the peeling chamber having a plurality of parallel longitudinal rollers arranged in an arcuate juxtaposition relation, as the food item moves through the plurality of rollers, the food item is peeled and moved toward the discharge gate of the peeling machine, the improvement is the use of an abrasive material on the rollers that is formed using electrostatic charges to align the abrasive particles onto an epoxy layer and adhering this epoxy layer onto the exterior surface of the roller.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 15, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2008
    Assignee: Vanmark Corporation
    Inventor: Joseph E. Wallace
  • Patent number: 7141260
    Abstract: An apparatus and method for removing pericarp from a seed, such as a corn kernel. The method includes sonicating the kernel to loosen the pericarp and then separation of the pericarp. One example of separation is by frictional milling. An additional optional aspect of the invention is isolation of the pericarp from the remainder of the seed and/or further cleaning or purification of the pericarp.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2006
    Assignees: Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc., Board of Trustees of the University of Arkansas
    Inventors: Jason M. Cope, Wade Yang, Billy Davidson
  • Patent number: 7022363
    Abstract: A continuous process for separating components of flaxseed is described. Flaxseed is dried to a moisture content of from about 0.5% to about 3.0%, after which is introduced into a separation chamber having an abrasive rotator therein. As the flaxseed passes over the abrasive rotator, contact with rotator separates the flaxseed components into hulls and kernels. Hulls and kernels are separated and may be used in this form or processed further. Hulls may be further processed by extraction with water and with hexane to remove flaxseed gum and oil, respectively. These two extractions may be done in any order. The process results in a lignan-rich component of flaxseed, a gum extract and oil. These separate components of flaxseed may be used in products such as feed, personal care products or nutraceuticals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2006
    Assignee: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
    Inventors: Wuwei Cui, Nam Fong Han
  • Patent number: 6936294
    Abstract: The present invention provides a process to remove the germ from the endosperm of a corn kernel. The apparatus of the present invention comprises frictional cylindrical rollers, each roller rotating about an axis, the axis of the rollers substantially parallel, and the direction of rotation being opposing. The roller bodies having a rubberized covering, rotate with differing surface velocities and are tensioned such as to impart low-impact friction forces to corn kernels drawn between the roller covers. The process of the present invention includes a tempering step comprising adding an amount of moisture to the corn by wetting and soaking the corn; a polishing step for removing bran layers from the corn; a second tempering step comprising adding an additional amount of moisture to the corn by wetting and soaking the corn; and a friction step to remove germ from the endosperm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 4, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2005
    Assignee: Satake USA, Inc.
    Inventors: Peter Matthews, John Steinfort, Alberto Macedo
  • Patent number: 6787172
    Abstract: Disclosed are improved orange juice products and processes of preparing the products. Included is a natural enhancement powder which originates from the flavedo of citrus peel such as orange peel or tangerine peel. The peel flavedo is washed with an organic solvent suitable for use in food processing, dried and reduced in particle size and added as a powder to the orange juice in order to enhance the juice, such as raise the Color Value of the orange juice, typically by at least 1 OJ Index unit or more. By this approach, an orange juice which is Grade B in color is changed into an orange juice which meets Grade A color criteria. Other juice enhancements also are realized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2004
    Assignee: Tropicana Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard N. McArdle, Stephen A. Letourneau
  • Publication number: 20040071849
    Abstract: The aim is to effectively remove the unpleasant raw odor that is characteristic of soybeans and provide a high quality processed soybean food product. In a production method for processed soybean food products that includes a grinding step (A) in which raw soybeans are ground to obtain a soybean slurry and a heating step (B) in which the obtained soybean slurry is heated and thermally denatured, a deaeration step (C) for removing air bubbles mixed in with the soybean slurry is performed partway through the heating step (B). It is preferable that the heating step (B) and the deaeration step (C) are performed continuously.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 8, 2003
    Publication date: April 15, 2004
    Applicant: Morinaga Milk Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Motokazu Kikuchi, Hideo Shidara, Masato Endo, Shoji Wakao
  • Patent number: 6610345
    Abstract: A method of and an apparatus for manufacturing no-bran cereal such as no-bran rice which require no washing before cooking. With the method and the apparatus, bran stuck on a surface of a grain of the polished cereal is easily removed without imparting any damage on the surface, and further moisture in the grain is maintained to increase taste of the cereal. Moisture is added to the polished cereal and granular material is mixed and stirred with the moistened polished cereal to polish a surface of each grain of the polished cereal and remove bran stuck on the surface of the polished cereal. Then, the polished cereal is separated from the granular material to obtain the no-bran rice.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 15, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: Satake Corporation
    Inventors: Satoru Satake, Nobuhiro Matsumoto, Takeshi Munesada, Yukihiro Kawano, Akihiko Kato, Kazuto Nonaka, Katsunori Chikamune, Yosuke Inomoto, Kaoru Shitadera
  • Patent number: 6586036
    Abstract: A process for significantly increasing the rate of hydration of food crop seeds, such as brown and wild rice, without loss of the nutritious and beneficial portions of the seeds, is disclosed. In this process, the seed of interest is bombarded with an abrasive particulate, which is preferably entrained in a pressurized stream of gas, sufficient to create microperforations in the water resistant outer coat of said seed. These microperforations in the treated seed significantly increase the rate of hydration of the seed and hence decrease cooking time accordingly. Moreover, this process effects improved hydration without removing any significant portions of the outer coat or layers of the seed which lie underneath the outer coat.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: The United States of America as represented by the Secretary of Agriculture
    Inventor: Harmeet S. Guraya
  • Publication number: 20020172742
    Abstract: A freestanding cover for a food tray has a flange section and a support section extending downwardly from the flange section. The support section supports the cover independently of the tray, with the flange section positioned above the tray opening. The freestanding cover is inserted into a heated compartment in a food warming cabinet and is supported on a retaining mechanism positioned on the shelf of the food warming cabinet. The retaining mechanism, in the form of a wire rack, prevents the cover from moving forward or backward. With the cover retained by the wire rack, a tray containing previously cooked food portions may be inserted into and removed from a receiving space in the cover, leaving the cover inside of the compartment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 27, 2002
    Publication date: November 21, 2002
    Inventor: Loren J. Veltrop
  • Patent number: 6440479
    Abstract: Flaxseed husk is removed from flaxseed core by abrasion. The outer husk portion firstly removed by abrasion is separated as a mucilage fraction and a subsequently removed inner portion is separated as a fiber fraction. The fiber fraction is particularly rich in lignans.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2001
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2002
    Assignees: HK Ruokatalo OYJ, Elixi Oil Oy
    Inventor: Olavi Myllymäki
  • Patent number: 6426107
    Abstract: A method and system of processing citrus fruit is shown. A peeling chamber has opposing ends and a fruit inlet and fruit outlet formed at respective opposing ends. Abrasive rollers are rotatably mounted in an arcuate configuration within the peeling chamber at an area forming a lower portion of the peeling chamber. Citrus fruit is fed into the peeling chamber through the fruit inlet to the fruit outlet. The citrus fruit engages the rotating abrasive rollers with a residence time within the peeling chamber for peeling off the outer surface of the fruit in an amount sufficient to remove a majority of the oil within the citrus fruit and leaving sufficient peel thickness for maintaining peel integrity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 23, 2000
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2002
    Assignee: FMC Technologies, Inc.
    Inventors: Don Thomas, Alex Schuermans, Michael L. Suter, Salvador Garcia
  • Publication number: 20020086097
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method of removing the fibrous shells from cereal grains. This method according to the invention comprises a pretreatment step, wherein the moisture content of the cereal grains is increased, e.g. in the case of corn grains from 16 to more than 20% by weight, followed by the step of exposure of the pretreated grains to a thermal shock by means of a cryogenic medium and thereafter mechanical treatment step thereof.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 9, 2001
    Publication date: July 4, 2002
    Applicant: Cargill B.V.
    Inventor: Bernhard George van Bommel
  • Publication number: 20020061350
    Abstract: A method and system of processing citrus fruit is disclosed. A peeling chamber has opposing ends and a fruit inlet and fruit outlet formed at respective opposing ends. Abrasive rollers are rotatably mounted in an arcuate configuration within the peeling chamber at an area forming a lower portion of the peeling chamber. Citrus fruit is fed into the peeling chamber through the fruit inlet to the fruit outlet. The citrus fruit engages the rotating abrasive rollers with a residence time within the peeling chamber for peeling off the outer surface of the fruit in an amount sufficient to remove a majority of the oil within the citrus fruit and leaving sufficient peel thickness for maintaining peel integrity.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 16, 2002
    Publication date: May 23, 2002
    Applicant: FMC Thchnologeies, Inc.
    Inventors: Don Thomas, Alex Schuermans, Michael L. Suter, Salvador Garcia
  • Patent number: 6365212
    Abstract: Disclosed are improved orange juice products and processes of preparing the products. Included is a natural enhancement powder which originates from the flavedo of citrus peel such as orange peel or tangerine peel. The peel flavedo is dried and reduced in particle size and added as a powder to the orange juice in order to enhance the juice, such as raise the Color Value of the orange juice, typically by at least 1 OJ Index unit or more. By this approach, an orange juice which is Grade B in color is changed into an orange juice which meets Grade A color criteria. Other juice enhancements also are realized.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2002
    Assignee: Tropicana Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Richard N. McArdle, Stephen A. Letourneau
  • Publication number: 20020031584
    Abstract: Apparatus for loosening or removing the skin from products such as nut kernels, beans, seeds or the like. Carriers are arranged to receive the products and a liquid jet manifold is adapted to direct jet or jets at the products. In a preferred embodiment, the products are disposed in an annular recess in a carrier, and are subjected to jets of liquid discharged from two nozzles at each end of a bar arranged to rotate above the recess.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 4, 2001
    Publication date: March 14, 2002
    Applicant: James Foxdale Limited
    Inventors: John Edward Legge Prendiville, Malcolm Louis Axel Avison
  • Publication number: 20010048960
    Abstract: A peeling apparatus includes a set of abrasive rollers, at least one roller drive motor, a feeder for controllably feeding fruit or vegetables adjacent the abrasive rollers, at least one sensor associated with at least one roller drive motor for sensing a load thereon, and a controller for controlling the feeder based upon a sensed load. The controller may increase the feed rate based upon an increase in sensed load, and decrease the feed rate of the auger based upon a decrease in sensed load. The at least one roller drive motor may be a hydraulic or electric motor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2001
    Publication date: December 6, 2001
    Applicant: FMC Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael L. Suter
  • Publication number: 20010046542
    Abstract: Apparatus which includes a container having a side wall, a top end and a bottom end for containing a product under pressure, a raised top end and/or bottom end to provide increased headspace, and, when needed, an internal splash guard for preventing the splashing of the contents when opening of the container. The splash guard may include an internal bead formed in a side wall of the container and may also include an additional internal bead formed in the top end of the container. Headspace may also be increased by reducing the diameter of the concavity formed in the top end. The concavity may also be formed in the bottom end or both the top and bottom end and the top end may comprise an easy open end.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 25, 2001
    Publication date: November 29, 2001
    Inventors: George B. Diamond, Ralph H. Helmrich, Ray G. Slocum
  • Patent number: 6284300
    Abstract: A process and apparatus is disclosed for loosening or removing the skin from products such as nut kernels, beans, seeds or the like. The process comprises subjecting the products to a jet or jets of water at ambient temperature so as to loosen or remove their skins. The apparatus includes carriers arranged to receive the products and a liquid jet manifold adapted to direct the jet or jets at the products. In a preferred embodiment, the products are disposed in an annular recess in a carrier, and are subjected to jets of liquid discharged from two nozzles at each end of a bar arranged to rotate above the recess.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 13, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: James Foxdale Limited
    Inventors: John Edward Legge Prendiville, Malcolm Louis Axel Avison
  • Patent number: 6277424
    Abstract: A pepper seed polishing machine consists of a frame made from welded angle iron bars, a polishing mechanism which is a concave made from iron sieve having holes with diameter of 1.5-2 millimeters, and an agitator set. The agitator set consists of three backward curve vane blades welded onto a rotating shaft and is driven by a two-horsepower electric motor via a two V belt-pulley set. Black pepper seed is loaded into a hopper located on top of the machine. After polishing process, the polished seed is unloaded from the machine, while dust and rubbish can be collected separately. Polishing or rubbing off the outer skin of pepper seed resulted from rubbing action between seed to metal and seed to seed. The revolution of the rotor can be changed by changing pulleys' diameter. This results in changing of time required for each cycle of polishing process and polishing capacity as well. After polishing, the pepper seed has much more favorably odor than those polished by the conventional method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 21, 2001
    Inventors: Mongkol Kwangwaropas, Anek Sukcharoen
  • Patent number: 6113908
    Abstract: Methods of treating dehulled or hull-less oat, i.e. oat groats, to produce oat pearlings, oat flour and oat bran products are described. Oat groats are abrasion milled to remove up to 15% by weight and produce pearled oat groats and pearlings. The pearlings are extracted sequentially with aqueous ethanol and hexane to produce an anti-irritant and a light oat oil, or with hexane to produce a dark oat oil and lipase. The pearled oat groats are steeped in an aqueous medium for up to 4 hours and then macerated to produce an enriched oat bran, from which an enriched beta glucan may be extracted; a refined oat flour, from which oat starch and oat protein may be extracted; and a pearled oat groat extract from which further products, such as an oat anti-irritant can be recovered.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 1999
    Date of Patent: September 5, 2000
    Assignee: Her Majesty the Queen in right of Canada, as represented by the Minister of Agriculture
    Inventors: David Paton, Martin J. T. Reaney, Nancy J. Tyler