Carbon Coating Patents (Class 427/122)
  • Patent number: 10950846
    Abstract: Methods of forming a plurality of axial geometry carbon structures (e.g., carbon nanotubes or carbon fibers) in situ in an electrode of an electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions are provided. Electroactive particles that undergo volumetric expansion are mixed with a polymer precursor and a plurality of catalytic nanoparticles comprising a metal selected from the group consisting of: iron, nickel, cobalt, alloys, and combinations thereof to form a substantially homogeneous slurry. The slurry is applied to a substrate and then heated in an environment having a temperature of ?about 1000° C. and in certain aspects, ?about 895° C. to pyrolyze the polymer precursor. The plurality of catalytic nanoparticles facilitates in situ precipitation of carbon to grow a plurality of axial geometry carbon structures. After the heating, the electrode includes an electrically conductive carbonaceous porous network comprising the plurality of electroactive particles and the plurality of axial geometry carbon structures.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 3, 2019
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Assignee: GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPERATIONS LLC
    Inventors: Xingcheng Xiao, Mark W. Verbrugge
  • Patent number: 10930928
    Abstract: The present disclosure relates to a device that includes a first electrode, where the first electrode includes magnesium metal having a first surface, and a first coating in physical contact with the first surface and covering substantially all of the first surface, where the first coating has a first thickness, and the first coating is configured to transport a plurality of magnesium ions through the first thickness, such that a first portion of the plurality of magnesium ions are reversibly depositable as elemental magnesium onto the first surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 22, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 23, 2021
    Assignee: Alliance for Sustainable Energy, LLC
    Inventors: Chunmei Ban, Seoung-Bum Son
  • Patent number: 10871462
    Abstract: Gas sensor, comprising: a substrate of semiconductor material; a first working electrode on the substrate; a second working electrode on the substrate, at a distance from the first working electrode; an interconnection layer extending in electrical contact with the first and the second working electrode, configured to change its conductivity when reacting with gas species to be detected. The interconnection layer is of titanium oxide, has a porosity between 40% and 60% in volume and is formed by a plurality of meso-pores having at least one dimension in the range 6-30 nm connected to nano-pores having at least one respective dimension in the range 1-5 nm.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2018
    Date of Patent: December 22, 2020
    Assignee: STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L.
    Inventors: Alessandra Alberti, Lucio Renna, Leonardo Gervasi, Emanuele Smecca, Salvatore Sanzaro, Clelia Carmen Galati, Antonello Santangelo, Antonino La Magna
  • Patent number: 10862158
    Abstract: A silicon anode comprising a hybrid binder at a blending ratio of 10-90 wt. % for use in a Li-ion battery is provided. The combination of a hybrid binder in the Si anode for use in a rechargeable Li-ion cell shows the unexpected result of extending the cycle life and a balancing effect between adhesion strength and first cycle efficiency.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 8, 2020
    Assignee: A123 SYSTEMS LLC
    Inventors: Jun Wang, Ronnie Wilkins, Paul Gionet
  • Patent number: 10833319
    Abstract: A positive active material for a positive electrode of a battery cell which includes a first component containing a compound of general formula: Li2-zNazM11-yM2yO3, where M1 and M2 are different from one another and stand for transition metal ions, 0<y<1, and 0?z<2, with the condition that the compound is essentially free of manganese ions. Moreover, a positive electrode of a battery cell which includes the positive material, and a battery cell which includes at least one positive electrode, are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 5, 2016
    Date of Patent: November 10, 2020
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Anika Marusczyk, Thomas Eckl
  • Patent number: 10707479
    Abstract: A Lithium-transition-metal-phosphate compound of formula Li0.9+xFe1-yMyPO4) in the form of secondary particles made of agglomerates of spherical primary particles wherein the primary particles have a size in the range of 0.02-2 pm and the secondary particles a mean size in the range of 10-40 pm and a BET surface of 16-40 m2/g, a process for its manufacture and the use thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 14, 2014
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: Johnson Matthey Public Limited Company
    Inventors: Rainald Forbert, Gerhard Nuspl, Nicolas Tran, Guoxian Liang
  • Patent number: 10707478
    Abstract: Silicon particles for use in an electrode in an electrochemical cell are provided. The silicon particles can have surfaces providing an average contact angle less than about 87.2°. The silicon particles can also have outer regions extending about 20 nm deep from the surfaces. The outer regions can include an amount of aluminum such that a bulk measurement of the aluminum comprises at least about 0.01% by weight of the silicon particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 31, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2020
    Assignee: ENEVATE CORPORATION
    Inventors: Benjamin Yong Park, Jill R. Pestana, Xiaohua Liu, Frederic Bonhomme
  • Patent number: 10676815
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for manufacturing a device for heat transmission, dissipation and highly efficient capillary siphoning action. The method comprises preparing a metal substrate; processing a surface of the metal substrate to form a rugged surface layer thereon; neutralizing, cleaning and drying the metal substrate to remove oil and rust thereon; placing the metal substrate into a first vacuum chamber for heating, deoxygenizing by hydrogen gas and ion bombarding to the rugged surface layer. Further, the metal substrate can be selectively subject to deposition, decomposition, degradation and reaction treatments for obtainment of a device for heat transmission, dissipation and highly efficient capillary siphoning action.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 7, 2018
    Date of Patent: June 9, 2020
    Assignee: Trusval Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hung-Wen Tsai, Cheng Ching Tsai
  • Patent number: 10662074
    Abstract: A template-assisted method for the synthesis of 2D nanosheets comprises growing a 2D material on the surface of a nanoparticle substrate that acts as a template for nanosheet growth. The 2D nanosheets may then be released from the template surface, e.g. via chemical intercalation and exfoliation, purified, and the templates may be reused.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2017
    Date of Patent: May 26, 2020
    Assignee: Nanoco Technologies Ltd.
    Inventors: Steven Daniels, Nigel L. Pickett
  • Patent number: 10605760
    Abstract: The present invention provides the following thin film-laminated film that has high chemical stability even at low costs and that can preferably be used as an electrode film of a strip for a blood sugar level sensor. The thin film-laminated film including a film substrate, and a titanium thin film and a carbon thin film laminated in this order on at least one surface of the film substrate. Preferably, the above-described thin film-laminated film, in which the titanium thin film has a film thickness of from 10 to 400 nm, and the carbon thin film has a film thickness of from 0.2 to 50 nm. In addition, a strip for a blood sugar level sensor, including the above-described thin film-laminated film. Further, a blood sugar level sensor device including the above-described strip for a blood sugar level sensor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2020
    Assignee: TOYOBO CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Munenori Komoto
  • Patent number: 10553858
    Abstract: A lithium electrode includes a first lithium layer made of lithium or a lithium alloy, a current collector situated on a first side of the lithium layer, and a lithium-ion-conducting protective layer situated on a second side of the lithium layer opposite the first side. An intermediate layer completely covers the second side of the lithium layer and is situated between the lithium layer and the protective layer. The protective and intermediate layers have an electrical conductivity of less than 10?10 S/cm. The lithium electrode may be used as the anode of a rechargeable lithium-ion battery. A lithium layer is applied to a current collector, an intermediate layer is applied to the lithium layer so that the intermediate layer completely covers the lithium layer, and a lithium-ion-conducting protective layer is applied to the intermediate layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2020
    Assignee: Robert Bosch GmbH
    Inventors: Jean Fanous, Martin Tenzer
  • Patent number: 10541453
    Abstract: Provided herein is a battery module for starting the engines of outdoor power equipment such as automobiles, boats, trucks and tractors. The battery module disclosed herein has high performance at low temperature and has a maximum pulse discharging current measured at ?30° C. of not less than 15% of the maximum pulse discharging current measured at 25° C. over a pulse discharge period of about 5 seconds. In addition, the battery module disclosed herein has a low self-discharging rate at both room temperature and high temperature. The capacity retention of the battery module is not less than 85% of its initial capacity after 7 months of room temperature storage.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2016
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2020
    Assignee: GRST International Limited
    Inventors: Kam Piu Ho, Ranshi Wang, Peihua Shen
  • Patent number: 10526903
    Abstract: The method of protecting a component of a turbomachine from liquid droplets erosion provides covering at least one region of a component surface exposed to a flow of a fluid containing a liquid phase to be processed by the turbomachine with a protective layer. The protective layer consists of a plurality of adjacent sub-layers of different materials having high hardness in the range of 1000-3000 HV and low fracture toughness below 20 MPam1/2. The materials are typically nitrides or carbides of titanium or aluminum or chromium or tungsten. In an embodiment, the covering is carried out by a PVD technique, in particular by Cathodic Arc PVD, or a CVD technique. The method may be applied to any component of turbomachines, but it may be particularly beneficial for parts of centrifugal compressors.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 7, 2020
    Assignee: Thermodyne SAS
    Inventors: Massimo Giannozzi, Michelangelo Bellacci, Federico Iozzelli, Gabriele Masi
  • Patent number: 10253211
    Abstract: Provided is a flexible and self-supporting insulating film including a base support layer and a partially cured poly(amide)imide layer applied to the base support layer. The composite insulating film may be used as slot liner to provide insulation to the components of the electric motor. The partially cured poly(amide)imide layer of the composite insulation film maybe further cured by the heat generated by the operation of the electric motor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2019
    Assignee: ELANTAS PDG, INC.
    Inventors: Thomas James Murray, Mark Gerard Winkeler, Heta S. Rawal
  • Patent number: 10199661
    Abstract: A manufacturing method of a fuel cell separator is provided, whereby the adhesion of a carbon film against a titanium base substrate can be improved and favorable corrosion resistance can be obtained at the same time. A fuel cell separator having such improved adhesion and favorable corrosion resistance is also provided. The method for manufacturing a fuel cell separator according to an embodiment of the invention includes the steps of: forming a TiOx (1<x<2) layer 42 on a titanium base substrate 40; and forming a carbon film 44 on the TiOx layer 42 by plasma CVD so that a binder layer 43 including Ti, O and C is formed between the TiOx layer 42 and the carbon film 44.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 7, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 5, 2019
    Assignee: Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Masafumi Koizumi, Kotaro Ikeda
  • Patent number: 10087335
    Abstract: Methods for obtaining composites of polyaniline and reduced graphene oxide are disclosed. The methods include dispersing graphene oxide in an acid aqueous solution containing an anionic emulsifying agent to obtain a dispersion of the graphene oxide, dissolving an aniline oligomer in an organic solvent to obtain a solution of the oligomer, and mixing the solution of the oligomer with the dispersion of graphene oxide to obtain a composite of polyaniline and reduced graphene oxide. The methods may also include recovering a precipitate of the polyaniline/reduced graphene oxide composite, and dissolving the precipitate in an organic solvent to form a conductive ink or an ink for electronic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 4, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: FONDAZIONE ISTITUTO ITALIANO DI TECNOLOGIA
    Inventors: Sergio Bocchini, Alessandro Chiolerio, Samuele Porro
  • Patent number: 10044024
    Abstract: An apparatus for manufacturing a lithium-ion secondary cell negative-electrode carbon material by heat-treating carbon particles while causing the carbon particles to flow within a heat-treatment furnace, the apparatus having a heat-treatment furnace provided with a carbon-particle supply opening for supplying the carbon particles into the interior, and a negative-electrode carbon material recovery opening for taking out the negative-electrode carbon material from the interior and a cooling tank connected in an airtight manner to the negative-electrode carbon material recovery opening of the heat-treatment furnace, and provided with a cooling means.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 7, 2017
    Date of Patent: August 7, 2018
    Assignee: NIPPON POWER GRAPHITE CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Tatsuo Umeno, Tadanori Tsunawaki, Shinya Okabe, Shirou Oie, Jyugo Sumitomo, Shigeyosi Nakano
  • Patent number: 9905418
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein provide methods and apparatus for forming graphitic carbon such as graphene on a substrate. The method includes providing a precursor comprising a linear conjugated hydrocarbon, depositing a hydrocarbon layer from the precursor on the substrate, and forming graphene from the hydrocarbon layer by applying energy to the substrate. The precursor may include template molecules such as polynuclear aromatics, and may be deposited on the substrate by spinning on, by spraying, by flowing, by dipping, or by condensing. The energy may be applied as radiant energy, thermal energy, or plasma energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 8, 2017
    Date of Patent: February 27, 2018
    Assignee: APPLIED MATERIALS, INC.
    Inventors: Cara Beasley, Ralf Hofmann, Majeed A. Foad
  • Patent number: 9786950
    Abstract: An organic-inorganic silicon structure-containing block copolymer including a first domain including an ion conductive polymer block; and a second domain including a polymer block including a non-conducting polymer and an organic-inorganic silicon structure, wherein the organic-inorganic silicon structure is connected to a side chain connected to a backbone of the non-conducting polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 18, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Yonggun Lee, Yooseong Yang, Jenam Lee, Wonseok Chang, Hongsoo Choi
  • Patent number: 9768443
    Abstract: A positive electrode for a nonaqueous secondary battery including an active material layer which has sufficient electron conductivity with a low ratio of a conductive additive is provided. A positive electrode for a nonaqueous secondary battery including an active material layer which is highly filled with an active material, id est, including the active material and a low ratio of a conductive additive. The active material layer includes a plurality of particles of an active material with a layered rock salt structure, graphene that is in surface contact with the plurality of particles of the active material, and a binder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 4, 2013
    Date of Patent: September 19, 2017
    Assignee: SEMICONDUCTOR ENERGY LABORATORY CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Takahiro Kawakami, Masaki Yamakaji, Mako Motoyoshi, Rika Yatabe
  • Patent number: 9746405
    Abstract: A method and system are provided for elementally detecting variations in density. The method includes providing a computed tomography device, comprising a radiation source, a detector, and at least one grating between the radiation source and the detector, positioning the component between the radiation source and the detector, directing radiation from the radiation source to the detector to acquire information from the component, generating at least one phase contrast image and at least one dark field contrast image of the component corresponding to variations in density with the information from the component, correlating the variations in density to a foreign mass, and displaying foreign mass distribution within the component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2014
    Date of Patent: August 29, 2017
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Philip Harold Monaghan, Clifford Bueno, Jonathan Immanuel Sperl, Cristina Francesca Cozzini
  • Patent number: 9718300
    Abstract: A method of making a laser water transfer printing film contains steps of: providing a substrate material; coating a release layer on one side surface of the PET film by ways of a first coating apparatus; semi-solidifying a gold reservoir by using a heat solidifying apparatus; printing an ink layer on the gold reservoir by ways of a printing device; implanting a message layer on the ink layer by ways of an implanting device; embossing geometric patterns on the message layer by using a rolling device; plating the metal layer on the embossed patterns; coating a PVA solution on the metal layer by ways of a second coating device and drying the PVA solution by means of a drying device; separating the PET film from the PVA film by using a releasing device; and then rolling the PET film which has separated from the PVA film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2013
    Date of Patent: August 1, 2017
    Assignees: Yihao Nanometer Technology Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tien-Shui Chen, Chi-Liang Chen, Hua-Hui Chen
  • Patent number: 9691516
    Abstract: A personal electromagnetic hygiene sleep system for calibrating a human to a baseline bio-electric homeostasis with the human and the environment via stimulus-responsive and performance textiles. These textiles possessing tested and theoretical benefits to the human organism such as: Harnessing the Earth's electrically negative potential via the Earth's mobile and free electrons to be an agent that assist in canceling, reducing, or pushing away electric fields from the body as well as serving to help attenuate oxidative stress and damage to the body from positively charged Reactive Oxygen Species (Free Radicals). Conference of these benefits are effected via a person being in direct or field contact with certain stimulus-responsive performance textiles and a plurality of adjacent conductive fibers for the transport of free electrons to the body from a greater electrically negative potential, an electrical ground, via the ground potential in a standard wall outlet. All superimposed upon a mattress.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2015
    Date of Patent: June 27, 2017
    Inventor: John R Baxter
  • Patent number: 9601766
    Abstract: A negative active material including: a composite particle including a non-carbonaceous nanoparticle that allows lithiation and delithiation of lithium ions, and a (meth)acryl polymer disposed on a surface of the non-carbonaceous nanoparticle; and a crystalline carbonaceous nanosheet.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 21, 2017
    Assignees: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD., RESEARCH & BUSINESS FOUNDATION SUNGKYUNKWAN UNIVERSITY
    Inventors: Minsang Song, Jong Hyeok Park, Zhang Kan, Jeongkuk Shon, Geewoo Jang, Jaeman Choi, Junhwan Ku, Sangmin Ji
  • Patent number: 9595436
    Abstract: Embodiments described herein provide methods and apparatus for forming graphitic carbon such as graphene on a substrate. The method includes providing a precursor comprising a linear conjugated hydrocarbon, depositing a hydrocarbon layer from the precursor on the substrate, and forming graphene from the hydrocarbon layer by applying energy to the substrate. The precursor may include template molecules such as polynuclear aromatics, and may be deposited on the substrate by spinning on, by spraying, by flowing, by dipping, or by condensing. The energy may be applied as radiant energy, thermal energy, or plasma energy.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 14, 2017
    Assignee: Applied Materials, Inc.
    Inventors: Cara Beasley, Ralf Hofmann, Majeed A. Foad
  • Patent number: 9548494
    Abstract: A method for producing colloidal graphene dispersions comprises the steps of: (i) stirring graphite oxide in an aqueous dispersion medium to form a dispersion; (ii) determining if the dispersion is optically clear in a light microscope at 1000 fold magnification after 1 to 5 hours of stirring, and, if not clear, removing any undissolved impurities in the dispersion, in order to form a colloidal graphene oxide dispersion, or a multi-graphene oxide dispersion, that is optically clear in a light microscope at 1000 fold magnification; and (iii) thermally reducing the graphene oxide, or multi-graphene oxide, in dispersion in the aqueous dispersion medium at a temperature between 120° C. and 170° C. under pressure in order to ensure that the dispersion medium is not evaporated to form a stable colloidal graphene dispersion or a stable multi-graphene dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 24, 2015
    Date of Patent: January 17, 2017
    Assignee: Belenos Clean Power Holding AG
    Inventors: Reinhard Nesper, Tommy Kaspar
  • Patent number: 9413075
    Abstract: Structures and methods for cloaking an object to electromagnetic radiation at the microwave and terahertz frequencies include disposing a plurality of graphene sheets about the object. Intermediate layers of a transparent dielectric material can be disposed between graphene sheets to optimize the performance. In other embodiments, the graphene can be formulated into a paint formulation or a fabric and applied to the object. The structures and methods absorb at least a portion of the electromagnetic radiation at the microwave and terabyte frequencies.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Assignee: GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC.
    Inventors: Phaedon Avouris, Alberto V. Garcia, Chun-Yung Sung, Fengnian Xia, Hugen Yan
  • Patent number: 9391329
    Abstract: A negative electrode including: a metal layer including lithium; and a platy carbonaceous material layer including a carbonaceous material having a plate structure and disposed on the metal layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 14, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Seon-mi Yoon, Jae-young Choi, Han-su Kim, Ho-bum Park, Moon-seok Kwon
  • Patent number: 9388048
    Abstract: Methods, materials and apparatus are described for synthesizing a monolayer or few-layers of graphene. Depositing the graphene can include, in some implementations, flowing hydrogen and carbon feedstock over a catalytic layer formed on a substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 8, 2009
    Date of Patent: July 12, 2016
    Assignee: University of Southern California
    Inventors: Chongwu Zhou, Lewis Gomez De Arco, Yi Zhang
  • Patent number: 9136066
    Abstract: A method is provided for developing a hybrid supercapacitor. The method includes the use of a lithium salt of the electrolyte to carry out the intercalation/insertion of the lithium at the negative electrode but by greatly increasing the concentration of lithium ions of the electrolyte order to subsequently accept a depletion. As the depletion in ions has an impact on the conductivity, the amount and the concentration of the electrolyte are chosen in order to make it possible to accept this depletion white retaining a conductivity of the electrolyte compatible with a powerful system for storage of energy. A portion of the Li+ ions present in the electrolyte is used to form the passivation layer and the compound for intercalation/insertion Li˜0.5C6 at the negative electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignees: Blue Solutions, Centre National De La Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Meriem Anouti, Daniel Lemordant, Grzegorz Lota, Celine Moueza-Decaux, Encarnacion Raymundo-Pinero, Francois Beguin, Philippe Azais
  • Patent number: 9077031
    Abstract: Synthesis process for new particles of Li4Ti5O12, Li(4-?)Z?Ti5O12 or Li4Z?Ti(5-?)O12, wherein ? is >0 and ?0.5, ? is a number >0 and ?0.33, Z is a source of at least one metal, preferably chosen from the group made up of Mg, Nb, Al, Zr, Ni, Co. These particles coated with a layer of carbon notably exhibit electrochemical properties that are particularly interesting as components of anodes and/or cathodes in electrochemical generators. The process may involve the steps of a) preparing a dispersion of a mixture of TiOx—LizY-carbon, wherein x is a number between 1 and 2, z is 1 or 2, and Y is a radical chosen among CO3, OH, O and TiO3 or a mixture thereof; and 2) heating of the dispersion, preferably to a temperature of between about 400° C. and about 1000° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 27, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Assignee: HYDRO-QUEBEC
    Inventors: Karim Zaghib, Michel Gauthier, Fernand Brochu, Abdelbast Guerfi, Monique Masse, Michel Armand
  • Publication number: 20150147483
    Abstract: A method for forming a film on a patterned surface of a substrate by atomic layer deposition (ALD) processing includes: adsorbing onto a patterned surface a first precursor containing silicon or metal in its molecule; adsorbing onto the first-precursor-adsorbed surface a second precursor containing no silicon or metal in its molecule; exposing the second-precursor-adsorbed surface to an excited reactant to oxidize, nitride, or carbonize the precursors adsorbed on the surface of the substrate; and repeating the above cycle to form a film on the patterned surface of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 26, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: ASM IP Holding B.V.
    Inventor: Atsuki Fukazawa
  • Publication number: 20150147646
    Abstract: A conductive coating composition for use in electrical energy storage devices, which contain a non-aqueous electrolyte, is provided comprising an organic polymeric binder comprising one or more water-soluble polymers; water; solid conductive particles dispersed in the binder; and phosphorus based acid bound to at least one of the water-soluble polymers and present in a range of 0.025-10.0% by weight of the water-soluble polymers, as well as methods of making and using said conductive coating composition, coated current collectors and electrical energy storage devices made therefrom.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: John D. McGee, John Zimmermann, Gregory T. Donaldson, John T. Comoford, Andrew M. Dahl
  • Publication number: 20150147678
    Abstract: [Object] To provide a titanium or titanium alloy material for a separator of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell having high contact conductivity with carbon and high durability. [Solution] The titanium or titanium alloy material includes an oxide film formed on a titanium or titanium alloy substrate by stabilization treatment performed after passivation treatment, and one or more kinds of conductive materials selected from carbide, nitride, carbonitride, and boride of tantalum, titanium, vanadium, zirconium, and chromium, the conductive materials being dispersed in the oxide film and having a major axis diameter from 1 nm to 100 nm. A contact resistance value with a carbon paper is 20 m?·cm2 or less at a surface pressure of 10 kgf/cm2 before and after an accelerated deterioration test in which the titanium or titanium alloy material is immersed in a sulfuric acid aqueous solution having an adjusted pH of 4 at 80° C. for four days.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: NIPPON STEEL & SUMITOMO METAL CORPORATION
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kihira, Yuuichi Yosida, Taku Kagawa, Takumi Nishimoto, Koki Tanaka, Masao Kimura, Kiyonori Tokuno, Kazuhiro Takahashi, Takashi Domoto
  • Publication number: 20150145546
    Abstract: A coated probe is provided. The probe includes a probe body and a cladding layer. The probe body has a terminal. The cladding layer covers the surface of the terminal of the probe body, wherein the cladding layer includes a carbon nano-material layer, and the carbon nano-material layer includes a carbon nano-material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 24, 2014
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Inventors: Shih-Chun Tseng, Ren-Jye Wu, Ping-Hsing Yang, Li-Duan Tsai, Jin-Bao Wu
  • Publication number: 20150140425
    Abstract: A cathode material comprising an active material, a carbon material, a binder polymer, a lithium salt, and a solvent. The cathode material has a viscosity in the range from about from about 3.0 to about 30.0 cP such that the cathode material can be applied to a surface using an ink jet print head. An anode base material includes from about 50% to about 85% by weight of metallic lithium particles substantially free from other metals and from about 15% to about 50% by weight of a solvent. The anode base material has a viscosity such that the anode base material can be extruded.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2014
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Inventors: Theodore F. Cyman, Jr., Kevin J. Hook, Pamela Geddes, Alan R. Murzynowski, James W. Blease, Daniel E. Kanfoush
  • Publication number: 20150140436
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing an electrode, including: a) depositing catalytic growth seeds on an electrically conducting support by aerosol spraying, b) growth of oriented carbon nanotubes on the basis of the deposition of the catalytic growth seeds, c) a deposition of sulphur on the oriented carbon nanotubes formed in b), and d) a deposition of a layer of carbon on the sulphur. An electrode, as well as to a battery including such an electrode, includes an electrically conducting support and oriented carbon nanotubes disposed on the surface of the electrically conducting support and covered at least partly by sulphur, the oriented carbon nanotubes exhibiting a length of greater than 20 ?m, or greater than 50 ?m.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 24, 2013
    Publication date: May 21, 2015
    Applicant: RENAULT s.a.s.
    Inventor: Aurelien Gohier
  • Publication number: 20150129544
    Abstract: Graphite-based devices with a reduced characteristic dimension and methods for forming such devices are provided. One or more thin films are deposited onto a substrate and undesired portions of the deposited thin film or thin films are removed to produce processed elements with reduced characteristic dimensions. Graphene layers are generated on selected processed elements or exposed portions of the substrate after removal of the processed elements. Multiple sets of graphene layers can be generated, each with a different physical characteristic, thereby producing a graphite-based device with multiple functionalities in the same device.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 21, 2014
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Inventor: Mark Alan Davis
  • Publication number: 20150125749
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a novel phosphate based composite anode material, preparation method and uses thereof. Specifically disclosed is a phosphate based composite cell anode material, the material having monoclinic and orthorhombic crystal lattice structures with the chemical formula of A3-xV2-yMY(PO4)3, wherein A is Li+, Na+ or the mixture thereof, M is Mg, Al, Sc, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn or Nb, 0?x?3.0, 0?y?2.0, and C is the carbon layer. Also disclosed are a preparation method and uses of the composite material. Unlike simple physical mixing, the composite material of the present invention has the advantages of an adjustable electric potential plateau, high reversible capacity, good cycle stability, power consumption early warning and the like.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2012
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Ningbo Institute of Materials & Engineering, Chinese Academy of Sciences
    Inventors: Yuanhao Tang, Chenyun Wang, Deyu Wang, Jun Li
  • Publication number: 20150125595
    Abstract: Provided are active materials for electrochemical cells. The active materials include silicon containing structures and treatment layers covering at least some surface of these structures. The treatment layers may include aminosilane, a poly(amine), and a poly(imine). These layers are used to increase adhesion of the structures to polymer binders within active material layers of the electrode. As such, when the silicon containing structures change their size during cycling, the bonds between the binder and the silicon containing structure structures or, more specifically, the bonds between the binder and the treatment layer are retained and cycling characteristics of the electrochemical cells are preserved. Also provided are electrochemical cells fabricated with such active materials and methods of fabricating these active materials and electrochemical cells.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 15, 2015
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Applicant: Nexeon Limited
    Inventors: John Lahlouh, Klaus Joachim Dahl, Sarah Lynn Goertzen, Marie Kerlau
  • Publication number: 20150125687
    Abstract: A method for producing a temperature-resistant, electrically conductive coating on a substrate is provided. The method includes at least the steps of providing a binding agent, the binding agent having an inorganically crosslinked, SiO2-containing binding-agent matrix; producing a dispersion of an electrically conductive pigment in the binding agent by mechanical convection, wherein the fraction of electrically conductive pigment amounts to 10 to 40 wt. %, and carbon is used as the electrically conductive pigment; partial, structured printing of the coating material obtained by dispersion onto the substrate; and drying the obtained coating at temperatures in the range of 20 to 250° C. Also provided are preparations for producing an electrically conductive coating on a substrate as well as substrates provided with electrically conductive coatings.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 4, 2014
    Publication date: May 7, 2015
    Inventor: Annelie Gabriel
  • Patent number: 9023251
    Abstract: The present disclosure provides a method for making carbon nanotube slurry. The method includes the following steps. First, a carbon nanotube array is provided on a substrate, the carbon nanotube array comprises a number of carbon nanotubes. Second, the carbon nanotube array is trimmed by a laser to obtain a trimmed carbon nanotube array comprising a plurality of trimmed carbon nanotubes having uniform lengths. Third, the trimmed carbon nanotube array is removed from the substrate to obtain the trimmed carbon nanotubes. Fourth, the trimmed carbon nanotubes are mixed with an inorganic binder and an organic carrier to obtain the carbon nanotube slurry.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2015
    Assignees: Tsinghua University, Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Qi Cai, Duan-Liang Zhou, Peng Liu, Shou-Shan Fan
  • Publication number: 20150118558
    Abstract: An electrode material of the present invention includes surface-coated LixAyDzPO4 particles obtained by coating surfaces of LixAyDzPO4 (in which, A represents one or more selected from the group consisting of Co, Mn, Ni, Fe, Cu and Cr, D represents one or more selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ti, Zn, B, Al, Ga, In, Si, Ge, Sc, Y and rare earth elements, 0<x?2, 0<y?1, and 0?z?1.5) particles with a carbonaceous coat, and an elution amount of Li is in a range of 200 ppm to 700 ppm and an elution amount of P is in a range of 500 ppm to 2000 ppm when the surface-coated LixAyDzPO4 particles are immersed in a sulfuric acid solution having a hydrogen-ion exponent of 4 for 24 hours.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Akinori Yamazaki, Yoshitaka Yamamoto, Takao Kitagawa, Hirofumi Yasumiishi
  • Publication number: 20150118567
    Abstract: A silicon carbon composite cathode material includes a graphite particle, further includes a silicon or silicon-containing particle, and includes a porous carbon layer, where the silicon or silicon-containing particle is distributed in vicinity of the graphite particle, the porous carbon layer coats a surface of the graphite particle and the silicon or silicon-containing particle so as to combine the graphite particle and the silicon or silicon-containing particle together, the porous carbon layer is a low crystalline carbon layer or an amorphous carbon layer, an interlayer distance d(002) of the low crystalline carbon layer is ?3.45 nm, and a size of the silicon or silicon-containing particle is smaller than a size of the graphite particle. The silicon carbon composite cathode material has a porous structure, a stable material structure, a high capacity, high conductivity performance, and good cycling performance.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 31, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventor: Wei Chen
  • Patent number: 9017773
    Abstract: A method is described for depositing nanostructures, such as nanostructures of conducting polymers, carbon nanostructures, or combinations thereof. The process comprises placing the nanostructures in a liquid composition comprising an immiscible combination of aqueous phase and an organic phase. The mixture is mixed for a period of time sufficient to form an emulsion and then allowed to stand undisturbed so that the phases are allowed to separate. As a result the nanostructure materials locate at the interface of the forming phases and are uniformly dispersed along that interface. A film of the nanostructure materials will then form on a substrate intersecting the interface, said substrate having been placed in the mixture before the phases are allowed to settle and separate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 13, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 28, 2015
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Julio M. D'Arcy, Richard B. Kaner
  • Publication number: 20150107093
    Abstract: A method of making a positive electrode includes forming a slurry of particles using an electrode formulation, a diluent, and oxalic acid, coating the slurry on a collector and drying the coating on the collector to form the positive electrode. The electrode formulation includes an electrode active material, a conductive carbon source, an organic polymeric binder, and a water soluble polymer. The diluent consists essentially of water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 28, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Qiang Luo, Junwei Jiang, Yongkyu Son, Bernhard M. Metz, Patrick T. Hurley
  • Publication number: 20150111028
    Abstract: A process for preparing a conductive carbonized layered article including the steps of: (I) providing a liquid carbon precursor formulation comprising (a) at least one aromatic epoxy resin; and (b)(i) at least one aromatic co-reactive curing agent, (b) (ii) at least one catalytic curing agent, or (b)(iii) a mixture thereof; wherein the liquid precursor composition has a neat viscosity of less than 10,000 mPa-s at 25° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Hamed Lakrout, Maurice J. Marks, Ludovic Valette
  • Publication number: 20150111025
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a dispersion liquid of a carbon nanotube-containing composition which contains a carbon nanotube-containing composition, a dispersant with a weight-average molecular weight of 5,000 to 60,000 as determined by gel permeation chromatography, and an aqueous solvent. The present invention provides a dispersion liquid of a carbon nanotube-containing composition which shows high dispersibility on a base while maintaining high dispersibility for the carbon nanotube-containing composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 21, 2013
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Hidekazu Nishino, Kazunori Hondo, Naoki Imazu
  • Publication number: 20150111106
    Abstract: A positive electrode active material including: a lithium complex oxide represented by Formula 1; and a carbon coating layer disposed on the lithium complex oxide, wherein, in a C1s XPS spectrum of the positive electrode active material, a peak intensity of a first peak at a binding energy from about 288 eV to about 293 eV is greater than a peak intensity of a second peak at a binding energy from about 283 eV to about 287 eV, and in an O1s X-ray photoelectron spectrum of the positive electrode active material, a peak intensity of a third peak at a binding energy from about 530.5 eV to about 535 eV is greater than a peak intensity of a fourth peak at a binding energy from about 527.5 electron volts to about 530 electron volts, LiaMbM?cM?dOe.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 1, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: In-hyuk SON, Min-sang SONG, In-yong SONG, Jae-man CHOI
  • Publication number: 20150110955
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of soluble pentakis(alkylthio)derivatives of [60]fullerene as precursors for semiconducting thin [60]fullerene films by thermal decomposition and organic electronic devices using these films.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 13, 2012
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Applicant: LANXESS DEUTSCHLAND GMBH
    Inventors: Pavel Anatolyevich Troshin, Alexander Valerievich Mumyatov, Diana Karimovna Susarova, Vladimir Fedorovich Razumov