Plural Film Forming Coatings Wherein One Coating Contains A Chemical Treating Agent For The Other Patents (Class 427/333)
  • Patent number: 10299624
    Abstract: Provided is a cooking device, in particular a kitchen item or an electrical cooking appliance, said cooking device comprising an inner and/or upper face that can receive food and an outer and/or lower face that is coated with a non-stick coating forming a cooking surface. The non-stick coating comprises at least one continuous thin film of non-oxide or at least partially non-oxide polymer-derived ceramic, said thin film forming the cooking surface. A method for producing such a cooking device is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 6, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: SEB S.A.
    Inventors: Simon Allemand, Stéphane Tuffe
  • Patent number: 10269902
    Abstract: A semiconductor device and method of formation are provided. The semiconductor device includes a substrate, a first active area over the substrate, a second active area over the substrate, a graphene channel between the first active area and the second active area, and a first in-plane gate. In some embodiments, the graphene channel, the first in-plane gate, the first active area, and the second active area include graphene. A method of forming the first in-plane gate, the first active area, the second active area, and the graphene channel from a single layer of graphene is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 23, 2019
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited
    Inventors: Meng-Yu Lin, Shih-Yen Lin, Si-Chen Lee
  • Patent number: 10245784
    Abstract: A printing system for forming three-dimensional objects, layer by layer is provided. The system includes inkjet printing heads, each printing head adapted to dispense one of a modeling material, a support material or a reusable waste material that comprises one or more materials that were previously discharged from at least one of the inkjet printing heads; a modeling material container; a support material container; a reusable waste material container and a leveling unit that removes surplus material from previously deposited layers, the surplus material being provided to the reusable waste container via a tube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: April 2, 2019
    Assignee: STRATASYS LTD.
    Inventors: Avraham Teken, Boris Belocon
  • Patent number: 10208230
    Abstract: Shelf-stable low temperature cure coating compositions that include a hydroxy-functional resin, a crosslinking agent, and a catalyst that does not catalyze the crosslinking reaction between hydroxy-functional resin and the crosslinking agent contained therein, but instead between a hydroxy-functional resin and a crosslinking agent contained in a different low temperature cure coating composition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2016
    Date of Patent: February 19, 2019
    Assignee: BASF COATINGS GmbH
    Inventors: Timothy S. December, Dominik Wechsler, Charles H. Honeyman, Adam M. Ozvald
  • Patent number: 9272045
    Abstract: A composite biocompatible hydrogel material includes a porous polymer matrix, the polymer matrix including a plurality of pores and providing a Young's modulus of at least 10 GPa. A calcium comprising salt is disposed in at least some of the pores. The porous polymer matrix can comprise cellulose, including bacterial cellulose. The composite can be used as a bone graft material. A method of tissue repair within the body of animals includes the steps of providing a composite biocompatible hydrogel material including a porous polymer matrix, the polymer matrix including a plurality of pores and providing a Young's modulus of at least 10 GPa, and inserting the hydrogel material into cartilage or bone tissue of an animal, wherein the hydrogel material supports cell colonization in vitro for autologous cell seeding.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2016
    Assignees: UT-BATTELLE, LLC, UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE RESEARCH FOUNDATION
    Inventors: Stacy A. Hutchens, Jonathan Woodward, Barbara R. Evans, Hugh M. O'Neill
  • Publication number: 20150147577
    Abstract: [Problem] To increase adhesive strength between an aqueous base coat layer and a clear coat layer in a coating method by a two-coat one-bake system where an aqueous base coat paint is coated, then a clear coat paint is coated, and these two coated films are simultaneously hardened, in comparison with the conventional method. [Solution] Provided is a coating method using a specific hardener in a clear coat paint. Namely, the hardener is characterized in that (1) it includes a reaction product of (i) a derivative of 1,6-hexamethylene diisocyanate including a trimer and virtually not including a diisocyanate monomer, and (ii) a compound having both an active hydrogen and a hydrophilic group; and (2) viscosity at 23° C. is not more than 1,000 mPa·s. The compound having both an active hydrogen and a hydrophilic group herein is a compound having an active hydrogen-containing group and a sulfo group represented by formula (I), and preferably the sulfo group in a hardener is neutralized with a tertiary amine.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 3, 2013
    Publication date: May 28, 2015
    Applicant: Bayer MaterialScience AG
    Inventors: Tomokazu Shigemori, Hiroshi Morita
  • Publication number: 20150118456
    Abstract: An object with a coating comprising: a) covalent bonds formed by reaction of a thiol group and a carbon-carbon double bond, b) covalent bonds formed by reaction of a thiol group and epoxide group, c) covalent bonds formed by a reaction of a carbon-carbon double bond and an epoxide group, said coating comprising a first primer coating and a second coating, said coating comprising covalent bonds between said first and second coatings, said first primer coating comprising covalent cross links between compounds, in the first coating the fraction (r3=ta/tc) of unreacted thiol groups (ta) to thiol groups which have reacted to form a covalent bond (tc) does not exceed 0.11, wherein the half height peak width of tan delta does not exceed 30° C. Advantages of the dual cure composition is that excellent strength is obtained and that the second curing is slow compared to the first initial curing.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 5, 2014
    Publication date: April 30, 2015
    Inventors: Carl Fredrik CARLBORG, Tommy HARALDSSON
  • Publication number: 20150072172
    Abstract: According to one embodiment, there is provided a pattern formation method including forming a target layer to be processed on a substrate, adding a second dispersion containing a polymer material including a polymer chain having a base metal at a terminal end and a second solvent to a first dispersion containing noble-metal microparticles and a first solvent, thereby preparing a noble-metal microparticle layer coating solution in which microparticles covered with the polymer material are dispersed, arranging the noble-metal microparticles covered with the polymer material on the target layer by using the noble-metal microparticle layer coating solution, and transferring a projections pattern of the noble-metal microparticles covered with the polymer material to the target layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA
    Inventors: Kazutaka TAKIZAWA, Kaori Kimura, Akihiko Takeo
  • Publication number: 20150064356
    Abstract: A device and method for applying a reactive mixture comprised of at least two components to a substrate (41) having a spraying device (10) capable of generating a planar, fan-shaped spray jet (18) and a round spray jet (17), and having a means for moving the spraying device relative to the substrate, wherein the spraying device is moved over the substrate in at least two stages, wherein in the first stage, a first application of material (42) is performed with reactive mixture, using the planar, fan-shaped spray jet, on the substrate, and in a further stage a second application of material (43a-c) is subsequently performed with reactive mixture, using the round spray jet, on at least a section of the material applied to the substrate in the first application of material.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: March 5, 2015
    Inventors: Ernst Scheidt, Josef Renkl
  • Publication number: 20150044362
    Abstract: A method of sealing a colorant to carpet. The colorant is applied to the carpet. A composition that coalesces and causes the colorant to flow onto fibers of the carpet is applied. The colorant and the composition are dried. The composition is formulated to form a topcoat on the carpet, such that upon drying the topcoat has a hard component and a soft component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicant: S.C. JOHNSON & SON, INC.
    Inventors: Paul A. Clark, Holly Ann St. Martin
  • Publication number: 20150030775
    Abstract: The present invention is directed towards methods comprising providing a frozen liquid, coating the frozen liquid with an aqueous calcium solution; and exposing the frozen liquid coated in calcium to an alginate solution to create a liquid container.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 22, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: WIKIFOODS, INC.
    Inventors: David A. EDWARDS, Raphaël HAUMONT, Francois AZAMBOURG
  • Publication number: 20150024392
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a biosensor comprising a hydrogel capable of immobilizing a physiologically active substance thereon, which can be produced conveniently by use of a safe material, and a method for producing the same. The present invention provides a method for producing a biosensor, which comprises bringing a polymer containing an activated carboxyl group into contact with a substrate surface coated with an organic layer having an amino group to thereby bind the polymer to the organic layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 29, 2014
    Publication date: January 22, 2015
    Applicant: FUJIFILM Corporation
    Inventors: Taisei Nishimi, Toshihide Ezoe, Koji Kuruma, Masayuki Kawakami
  • Publication number: 20140367326
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a filtration membrane comprising a thin polymeric membrane film in which mesoporous silica nanoparticles are embedded. The membrane may be a thin-film nanocomposite membrane useful for reverse osmosis or nanofiltration. The present invention is also directed to a filtration membrane comprising a thin polymeric membrane film formed from a solution comprising less than 0.1 wt % mesoporous nanoparticles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 16, 2014
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: THE CURATORS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MISSOURI
    Inventors: BAOLIN DENG, JUN YIN
  • Publication number: 20140370279
    Abstract: According to the invention there is provided a method of coating a low surface energy substrate including the steps of: a) providing a polymeric precursor which includes a group of sub-formula (I) where R1 is i) CRa, where Ra is hydrogen or alkyl, ii) a group S(0)pR13, or SiR14 where R13 and R14 are independently selected from hydrogen or hydrocarbyl, p is 0, 1 or 2 and q is 1 or 2, iii) C(0)N, S(0)2N, C(0)ON, CH2ON, or CH?CHRCN where Rc is an electron withdrawing group, or iv) OC(0)CH, C(0)OCH or S(0)2CH; in which R12 is selected from hydrogen, halo, nitro, hydrocarbyl, optionally substituted or interposed with functional groups, or formula (II) R2 and R3 are independently selected from (CR7R8)n, or a group CR9R10, CR7R8CR9R10 or CR9R10CR7R8 where n is 0, 1 or 2, R7 and R8 are independently selected from hydrogen or alkyl, and either one of R9 or R10 is hydrogen and the other is an electron withdrawing group, or R9 and R10 together form an electron withdrawing group; R4 and R5 are independently selected from
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 2, 2011
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Applicant: NOVEL POLYMER SOLUTIONS LIMITED
    Inventors: Warrick James David Allen, Andrea Duffy
  • Patent number: 8863757
    Abstract: A process for reducing the permeability of a paper wrapper used in the construction of a smoking article is disclosed. The paper wrapper is treated with a film-forming composition that forms treated discrete areas on the wrapper. The treated discrete areas have a permeability within a predetermined range sufficient to reduce the ignition proclivity properties of a smoking article made with the wrapper. In accordance with the present invention, the film-forming composition contains a film-forming material. The film-forming material has a relatively low viscosity. In this manner, the film-forming composition can have a relatively high solids content and still be applied to the wrapper using conventional techniques, such as by using a gravure printer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2004
    Date of Patent: October 21, 2014
    Assignee: Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc.
    Inventor: Thomas A. Kraker
  • Publication number: 20140272150
    Abstract: A process for forming a fluorocarbon polymer film on a substrate is disclosed. A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) containing an initiator for living polymerization such as controlled radical polymerization is formed on the surface of the substrate followed by living polymerization such as controlled radical polymerization of a polymerizable fluorocarbon monomer component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Aculon, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric L. Hanson
  • Publication number: 20140272149
    Abstract: A process for forming a polymer film on a substrate through an intermediate organometallic layer is disclosed. A self-assembled monolayer (SAM) containing an initiator for living polymerization such as controlled radical polymerization is formed on the organometallic layer followed by living polymerization such as controlled radical polymerization of a polymerizable monomer component.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2013
    Publication date: September 18, 2014
    Applicant: Aculon, Inc.
    Inventor: Eric L. Hanson
  • Patent number: 8834970
    Abstract: Preliminary cure of an aqueous acrylic weatherproofing emulsion coating is accelerated by contacting the coating with urea hydrochloride dissolved in water or an organic solvent at least partially miscible with water.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 16, 2014
    Assignee: Tremco Barrier Solutions, Inc.
    Inventors: James R. Wells, Michael J. Mettille
  • Publication number: 20140242389
    Abstract: A process of growth in the thickness of at least one facet of a colloidal inorganic sheet, by sheet is meant a structure having at least one dimension, the thickness, of nanometric size and lateral dimensions great compared to the thickness, typically more than 5 times the thickness. The process allows the deposition of at least one monolayer of atoms on at least one inorganic colloidal sheet, this monolayer being constituted of atoms of the type of those contained or not in the sheet. Homostructured and heterostructured materials resulting from such process as well as the applications of the materials are also described. By homostructured is meant a material of homogeneous composition in the thickness and by heterostructured is meant a material of heterogeneous composition in the thickness.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 19, 2012
    Publication date: August 28, 2014
    Applicant: NEXDOT
    Inventor: Benoit Mahler
  • Publication number: 20140228306
    Abstract: A method of making a facile, surface-independent, polyphenol coating is disclosed. In general, the method includes contacting at least a portion of the substrate to be coated with an aqueous solution containing one or more salts and one or more nitrogen-free phenolic compounds. Substrates of all kinds may be used, and compounds used to make the coating may include epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), epigallocatechin (EGC) and epicatechin-3-gallate (ECG), tannic acid, gallic acid, pyrogallol, and/or other nitrogen-free phenolic compounds. The coating made using the method, methods of using the coating, and kits comprising the coating precursors are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 24, 2014
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Inventors: Phillip B. Messersmith, Tadas S. Sileika, Ran Zhang, Devin G. Barrett
  • Publication number: 20140212661
    Abstract: A two-coat barrier system employing a coating of a water-dispersible or solvent-soluble polyurethane resin with innate gas and moisture vapor barrier properties and an additional coating of a multivalent metal cation to enhance the overall barrier performance without the need to add fillers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2002
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: SUN CHEMICAL CORPORATION
    Inventor: Sarfaraz Khan
  • Publication number: 20140212680
    Abstract: The present invention relates a printing element comprising at least one polymer layer which has photoimageable constituents and additions to make the polymer layer either hydrophobic or hydrophilic. The printing element may have two polymer layers on a substrate in which one of the layers comprises fluorinated acrylates or methacrylates.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 27, 2014
    Publication date: July 31, 2014
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: GRACIELA BEATRIZ BLANCHET, GARY DELMAR JAYCOX, NANCY G TASSI
  • Publication number: 20140205755
    Abstract: A molding roller includes a cylindrical main body and a seamless ring-shaped molding film. The main body has a circumferential surface. The molding film is directly formed on the circumferential surface. The molding film has a molding surface including a number of molding patterns. The molding film is made of polymer resin consisting of polydimethylsiloxane and a plurality of silica nanoparticles formed in polymer grids of the polydimethylsiloxane.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 30, 2013
    Publication date: July 24, 2014
    Applicant: HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: CHIA-LING HSU
  • Patent number: 8778450
    Abstract: An optical member including an oxide layer that has a stable fine textured structure and is excellent in durability is provided. The optical member includes a base material and an antireflection coating on a surface of the base material. The antireflection coating includes at least an oxide layer having a fine textured structure on the surface, and the oxide layer contains a phosphate compound. Furthermore, a method of manufacturing the optical member is provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2014
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Zhang Zuyi, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Masayuki Yamada
  • Publication number: 20140175452
    Abstract: A method of forming a ZnO layer on a substrate and an LED including a ZnO layer formed by the method are provided. The ZnO layer is formed by using a Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction (SILAR) process. The SILAR process includes: applying a first solution to a substrate comprising GaN, to form an inner ionic layer on the substrate and an outer ionic layer on the inner ionic layer; performing a first washing operation on the substrate to remove the outer ionic layer; and applying a second solution to the washed substrate to convert the inner ionic layer into a ZnO oxide layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 26, 2012
    Publication date: June 26, 2014
    Applicant: SEOUL SEMICONDUCTOR CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Jacob J. RICHARDSON, Daniel ESTRADA, Evan C. O'HARA, Haoran SHI, Shin CHANSEOB, Yeojin YOON
  • Patent number: 8722193
    Abstract: To provide a gas barrier laminate having a gas barrier layer obtained by crosslinking the carboxyl groups of a polycarboxylic acid-type polymer with polyvalent metal ions maintaining good productivity, the crosslinking being accelerated with polyvalent metal ions to exhibit more excellent gas barrier property. A gas barrier laminate comprising a layer (A) of a non-aqueous resin containing a metal element in the polymer skeleton thereof, and a layer (B) of a polycarboxylic acid-type polymer in which an ionic crosslinking is formed with a polyvalent metal among the carboxyl groups.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Toyo Seikan Kaisha, Ltd.
    Inventors: Tomohiro Miyai, Yusuke Obu, Kashiko Kawai, Shunya Nangou
  • Patent number: 8697190
    Abstract: The disclosure relates to a coating method including the steps of providing a multi-component coating composition including two or more components, applying each component to a porous substrate, mixing each component with at least one other component thereby causing at least two components to undergo a chemical reaction.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Valspar Sourcing, Inc.
    Inventors: Kevin W. Evanson, Brian L. Marty, Stephen M. Carlson, Andrew Ubel
  • Publication number: 20140093656
    Abstract: The synthesis of nanostructures uses a catalyst that may be in the form of a thin film layer on a substrate. Precursor compounds are selected for low boiling point or already exist in gaseous form. Nanostructures are capable of synthesis with a masked substrate to form patterned nanostructure growth. The techniques further include forming metal nanoparticles with sizes <10 nm and with a narrow size distribution. Metallic nanoparticles have been shown to possess enhanced catalytic properties. The process may include plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition to deposit Ni, Pt, and/or Au nanoparticles onto the surfaces of SiO2, SiC, and GaN nanowires. A nanostructure sample can be coated with metallic nanoparticles in approximately 5-7 minutes. The size of the nanoparticles can be controlled through appropriate control of temperature and pressure during the process. The coated nanowires have application as gas and aqueous sensors and hydrogen storage.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 23, 2013
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: University of Idaho
    Inventor: David McIlroy
  • Publication number: 20130287956
    Abstract: A method for fabricating large-area, high-quality Graphene product. Specifically, the fabrication method uses a seed layer of exfoliated Graphene in combination with a substrate and a catalyst metal layer and introduces Carbon atoms to the Graphene seed, causing growth of high-quality Graphene product. The method of the invention combines some steps of current mechanical exfoliation techniques with other steps of the CVD process and adds a new technique to the fabrication method involving seed-based catalyst of large-area Graphene product growth.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 26, 2012
    Publication date: October 31, 2013
    Inventor: Vikram Patil
  • Patent number: 8551569
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for producing a metal base material that is provided with a sliding layer that has a thickness of more then 50 ?m, said base material being used as a sliding element. According to the invention, the base material is coated with a paste of the sliding layer material that contains at least one high-temperature polymer in addition to a fluoropolymer, and the base material so coated is subjected to a thermal treatment. The past applied to the base material contains as the fluoropolymer between 40% by volume and 75% by volume polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) or polytetrafluorethylene (PTFE) with other fluoropolymers added and between 60% by volume and 25% by volume of the at least one high-temperature polymer, each based on the entire composition of the finished sliding layer. The high-temperature polymer used is selected from those high-temperature polymers whose melting pint is not below 327° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Federal-Mogul Wiesbaden GmbH & Co. KG
    Inventors: Achim Adam, Stefan Fuchsberger, Joachim Schluter
  • Publication number: 20130259548
    Abstract: A fixing member is provided which is excellent in durability and hardly undergoes the peeling of the surface layer even when used in a heating apparatus over a long term. The fixing member is an electrophotographic fixing member including a substrate, an elastic layer, an intermediate layer and a fluororesin-containing surface layer. The elastic layer includes a silicone rubber and sodium ions, and the intermediate layer includes an amino group-containing polysiloxane. The surface layer is formed by forming, on the intermediate layer, a primer layer including a copolymer, to which a phosphate group is bound, of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether), forming, on the primer layer, a coating film including the copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene and perfluoro(alkyl vinyl ether) or a coating film including a copolymer of tetrafluoroethylene and hexafluoropropylene, and melting the copolymer in the primer layer and the copolymer in the coating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 28, 2013
    Publication date: October 3, 2013
    Applicant: CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA
    Inventors: Mamo Matsumoto, Masahito Omata
  • Patent number: 8530002
    Abstract: This invention relates to methods for chemically grafting and attaching ceragenin molecules to polymer substrates; methods for synthesizing ceragenin-containing copolymers; methods for making ceragenin-modified water treatment membranes and spacers; and methods of treating contaminated water using ceragenin-modified treatment membranes and spacers. Ceragenins are synthetically produced antimicrobial peptide mimics that display broad-spectrum bactericidal activity. Alkene-functionalized ceragenins (e.g., acrylamide-functionalized ceragenins) can be attached to polyamide reverse osmosis membranes using amine-linking, amide-linking, UV-grafting, or silane-coating methods. In addition, silane-functionalized ceragenins can be directly attached to polymer surfaces that have free hydroxyls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 10, 2013
    Assignee: Sandia Corporation
    Inventors: Michael Hibbs, Susan J. Altman, Howland D. T. Jones, Paul B. Savage
  • Patent number: 8519048
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of forming on the surface of a substrate a first solid layer which is suitable for activating a chemical reaction to form a second layer thereon, the method comprising the steps of: applying to the surface of the substrate a first liquid comprising a curable composition and an activator for the second layer-forming chemical reaction; and curing the curable composition, thereby forming a first solid layer adhered to the surface of the substrate, capable of activating the second layer-forming chemical reaction. A second layer can then be formed on the substrate by bringing into contact with the first solid layer a second fluid comprising components of a second layer-forming chemical reaction, activated by the activator, thereby causing a second layer to be formed on the first solid layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 27, 2013
    Assignee: Conductive Inkjet Technology Limited
    Inventors: Philip Gareth Bentley, James Edward Fox, Alan Lionel Hudd, Martyn John Robinson
  • Patent number: 8512809
    Abstract: A method of processing a multilayer film is provided. The method includes providing a substrate film having a substrate film first surface and a substrate film second surface. The method also includes providing a barrier layer adjacent to the substrate film second surface. The barrier layer has at least one opening allowing fluid communication between the substrate film and an outer surface of the barrier layer. Further, the method includes contacting the substrate film first surface with a first reactant and finally contacting the outer surface of the barrier layer with a second reactant, said second reactant being reactive with said first reactant. The method of contacting the substrate film first surface to the first reactant and contacting the outer surface of the barrier layer to the second reactant is carried out under conditions under which reaction between said first reactant and the second reactant results in a formation of a reaction layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Christian Maria Anton Heller, Anil Raj Duggal, Dennis Joseph Coyle, Min Yan, Ahmet Gün Erlat, Ri-an Zhao
  • Patent number: 8486493
    Abstract: A complex oxide film is provided having a high relative dielectric constant and capacitance having low temperature-dependency. The film thickness can be arbitrarily controlled. A manufacturing method thereof, a composite body comprising the complex oxide film and a manufacturing method thereof are provided. The complex oxide film containing titanium element and calcium element can be obtained by forming a metal oxide film containing titanium element on a substrate surface and then allowing a solution containing calcium ion to react with the metal oxide layer. A capacitor including the complex oxide film as dielectric material and a piezoelectric element including it as piezoelectric material can be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventor: Akihiko Shirakawa
  • Patent number: 8486492
    Abstract: The invention aims at providing a complex oxide film having a high relative dielectric constant and a high voltage resistance, whose film thickness can be arbitrarily controlled, and a manufacturing method thereof, a composite body comprising the complex oxide film and a manufacturing method thereof, a dielectric or piezoelectric material comprising the complex oxide film or composite body, a capacitor or piezoelectric element comprising the complex oxide film advantageous to improve voltage resistance, and an electronic device equipped with the same, without involving any complicated or large scale equipment. The complex oxide film can be obtained by forming a metal oxide film containing a titanium element on a substrate surface and then allowing a solution containing strontium ion to react with the metal oxide film. A capacitor including the complex oxide film as dielectric material and a piezoelectric element including it as piezoelectric material can be produced.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 27, 2006
    Date of Patent: July 16, 2013
    Assignee: Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventor: Akihiko Shirakawa
  • Patent number: 8445076
    Abstract: In one embodiment, a method of modifying a surface of a membrane includes exposing the surface to an impinging atmospheric pressure plasma source to produce an activated surface, and exposing the activated surface to a solution including a vinyl monomer. In another embodiment, a method of manufacturing a desalination membrane includes treating a surface of the membrane with an impinging atmospheric plasma source for an optimal period of time and rf power, and exposing the surface to an aqueous solution containing a vinyl monomer. In another embodiment, an apparatus includes a membrane having a surface, and polymer chains terminally grafted onto the surface of the membrane.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 21, 2013
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Yoram Cohen, Myung-Man Kim, Gregory T. Lewis, Nancy Hsiao-Yu Lin
  • Patent number: 8435603
    Abstract: Disclosed is a method of forming on the surface of a substrate a first solid layer which is suitable for activating a chemical reaction to form a second layer thereon, the method comprising the steps of: applying to the surface of the substrate a first liquid comprising a curable composition and an activator for the second layer-forming chemical reaction; and curing the curable composition, thereby forming a first solid layer adhered to the surface of the substrate, capable of activating the second layer-forming chemical reaction. A second layer can then be formed on the substrate by bringing into contact with the first solid layer a second fluid comprising components of a second layer-forming chemical reaction, activated by the activator, thereby causing a second layer to be formed on the first solid layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2004
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Conductive Inkjet Technology Limited
    Inventors: Philip Gareth Bentley, James Edward Fox, Alan Lionel Hudd, Martyn John Robinson
  • Patent number: 8414978
    Abstract: A method for fixing images in plastic moldings which allows images to be fixed in a plastic molding in such a way that the image is embedded therein and does not experience lasting changes, even for elastic plastic moldings. To avoid loss of image quality when the image is transferred into the plastic molding, the method for fixing images in plastic moldings after generating an image on an adhesive layer is characterized in that an image receptor layer of liquid plastic is applied to the image which, with or without an additional carrier, is generated on the adhesive layer. Components of the adhesive layer are at least partially miscible with the liquid plastic when it is applied. The liquid plastic phase is then converted to a solid plastic phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 9, 2013
    Assignee: Coyando GmbH
    Inventor: Konstanze Schaefer
  • Publication number: 20130085088
    Abstract: A nanocomposite coating and method of making and using the coating. The nanocomposite coating is disposed on a base material, such as a metal or ceramic; and the nanocomposite consists essentially of a matrix of an alloy selected from the group of Cu, Ni, Pd, Pt and Re which are catalytically active for cracking of carbon bonds in oils and greases and a grain structure selected from the group of borides, carbides and nitrides.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2011
    Publication date: April 4, 2013
    Inventors: Ali Erdemir, Osman Levent Eryilmaz, Mustafa Urgen, Kursat Kazmanli
  • Patent number: 8404307
    Abstract: The present invention provides a hydrophilic film, which displays excellent hydrophilicity, and also displays excellent durability with respect to acidic, neutral, and alkaline detergents and chemicals. A hydrophilic film of the present invention comprises a double oxide of silicon and zirconium, an alkali metal, and water. Furthermore, the film may also comprise aluminum or a bivalent metal, and may also contain at least one of a silane coupling agent and an acrylic resin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2013
    Assignee: Sumitomo Osaka Cement Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Keijiro Shigeru, Daisaku Maeda
  • Patent number: 8399055
    Abstract: The invention provides, inter alia, capillary extraction devices, and methods of making and using the same.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 18, 2006
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Inventors: Rania Bakry, Gunther Bonn, Douglas T. Gjerde, Christian W. Huck, Gunther Stecher
  • Patent number: 8337640
    Abstract: Disclosed are quaternary ammonium salts containing non-halogen anions such as carbonates, bicarbonates, phosphates, glycolates and mixtures thereof as conversion coatings or additives imparting anti-corrosive properties to paints. The invention relates to a method for inhibiting the corrosion of metal surfaces by applying a composition containing one or more quaternary ammonium carbonate or bicarbonate. The disclosure is also directed to anti-corrosive coatings for metal substrates containing these compounds and to metal substrates having these anticorrosive coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: December 25, 2012
    Assignee: Lonza, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas C. Bedard, Thomas David Burleigh, Larry K. Hall, Joseph Kimler, Joseph W. Scheblein, Michael Y. Chiang
  • Patent number: 8318311
    Abstract: Adhesion promoter compositions which include at least one binder having isocyanate groups. This specific binder is prepared from a mixture of a polyester resin A, at least one monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate, and at least one polyisocyanate B, where the proportion of monomeric diphenylmethane diisocyanate (MDI) is ?2% by weight of the overall composition. Such adhesion promoter compositions are particularly suitable for new generation automotive paint systems and are very desirable from an ecological and toxicological point of view owing to their low content of MDI.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: November 27, 2012
    Assignee: Sika Technology AG
    Inventor: Andreas Braun
  • Patent number: 8277868
    Abstract: A drug delivery device for delivering therapeutic agents and a method of making such a device is disclosed. The device includes an inflatable balloon. A microporous coating covers a portion of the outer surface of the wall of the balloon. The thickness of the coating and the size of the micropores can permit desirable delivery of a substance from the micropores of the coating and into the tissue of a patient's lumen.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2012
    Assignee: Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc.
    Inventors: Lyudmila Kokish, Stephen D. Pacetti, John Stankus
  • Patent number: 8268446
    Abstract: The use of a photocurable perfluoropolyether (PFPE) material for fabricating a solvent-resistant PFPE-based microfluidic device, methods of flowing a material and performing a chemical reaction in a solvent-resistant PFPE-based microfluidic device, and the solvent-resistant PFPE-based microfluidic devices themselves are described. In an embodiment, a method is described for preparing a patterned layer of a photocured perfluoropolyether, the method comprising: (a) providing a substrate, wherein the substrate comprises a patterned surface; (b) contacting a perfluoropolvether precursor with the patterned surface of the substrate; and (c) photocuring the perfluoropolyether precursor to form a patterned layer of a photocured perfluoropolyether.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2004
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
    Inventors: Joseph M. DeSimone, Jason P. Rolland, Stephen R. Quake, Derek A. Schorzman, Jason Yarbrough, Michael Van Dam
  • Patent number: 8268390
    Abstract: An adhesive film which comprises at least two continuous polymer phases A and B each formed from a polymer or polymer mixture A (polymer A for short) and a polymer or polymer mixture B (polymer B for short) and which is obtainable by filming at least one of the polymers, A or B, initially in the form of an aqueous polymer dispersion.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 29, 2007
    Date of Patent: September 18, 2012
    Assignee: BASF Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Dieter Urban, Petra Schoecker, Stefan Kirsch, Ines Pietsch, Michael Kutschera, Horst Weiss, Cornelis Petrus Beyers
  • Patent number: 8263192
    Abstract: The invention is directed to methods for coating monolayer films of surface-active polymers onto substrates of arbitrary shape, and molecular-based methods and processes to control the chemical and physical nature of surfaces and interfaces. The invention is also directed to methods for modifying a surface of a monolayer comprising a) coating a monolayer on a substrate, wherein the monolayer is formed by self-assembly of end-surfactant molecules, thereby positioning a photoactive functional group at the air-monolayer interface; and b) exposing the monolayer to radiation, wherein each organic group of the monolayer contains a first functionality that is not converted to a second functionality upon exposure to acid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 16, 2006
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignee: The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York
    Inventors: Jeffrey T. Koberstein, Peng Wang, Feng Pan
  • Patent number: 8263218
    Abstract: A surface modified substrate includes a substrate having a surface, a layer of nanoscale inorganic oxide particles disposed on at least a portion of the surface of the substrate, said layer of nanoscale inorganic oxide particles comprising sites bearing an electric charge of a first polarity, and a monolayer of a polymer disposed on a least a portion of the layer of nanoscale inorganic oxide particles, said monolayer of polymer comprising sites bearing an electric charge of a second polarity, wherein the second polarity is the opposite of the first polarity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: September 11, 2012
    Assignees: Rhodia Inc., Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
    Inventors: Jean-Paul Chapel, Jean-Christophe Castaing, Ling Qi
  • Publication number: 20120219806
    Abstract: To provide a gas barrier laminate having a gas barrier layer obtained by crosslinking the carboxyl groups of a polycarboxylic acid-type polymer with polyvalent metal ions maintaining good productivity, the crosslinking being accelerated with polyvalent metal ions to exhibit more excellent gas barrier property. A gas barrier laminate comprising a layer (A) of a non-aqueous resin containing a metal element in the polymer skeleton thereof, and a layer (B) of a polycarboxylic acid-type polymer in which an ionic crosslinking is formed with a polyvalent metal among the carboxyl groups.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2010
    Publication date: August 30, 2012
    Applicant: TOYO SEIKAN KAISHA, LTD.
    Inventors: Tomohiro Miyai, Yusuke Obu, Kashiko Kawai, Shunya Nangou