Base Supplied Constituent Patents (Class 427/399)
  • Patent number: 10151013
    Abstract: Provided is an HPF member having excellent bending characteristics and a hot-dip aluminum plated layer formed on a surface of a base steel sheet. The base steel sheet includes, in terms of wt %, 0.18-0.25% of C, 0.1-0.5% of Si, 0.9-1.5% of Mn, 0.03% or less of P, 0.01% or less of S, 0.01-0.05% of Al, 0.05-0.5% of Cr, 0.01-0.05% of Ti, 0.001-0.005% of B, 0.009% or less of N, the balance Fe and other impurities; a ferrite phase having a thickness within 50 ?m is continuously or discontinuously formed inside a surface portion of the base steel sheet; the fraction of the surface portion occupied by the ferrite phase is 5% or less; and carbide materials having a size of 1 ?m or less are scattered and distributed in the surface portion of the base steel sheet so as to occupy 90% or more of the overall carbide distribution.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 29, 2016
    Date of Patent: December 11, 2018
    Assignee: POSCO
    Inventors: Jin-Keun Oh, Yeol-Rae Cho, Seong-Woo Kim
  • Patent number: 9576941
    Abstract: A light-emitting device includes a plurality of light-emitting elements face-down mounted on a substrate, a plurality of structures each including a transparent plate, a phosphor-containing film provided on a lower surface of the transparent plate and a transparent covering layer provided on the lower surface of the transparent plate so as to cover lower and side surfaces of the phosphor-containing film, the structures being each provided on each of the plurality of light-emitting elements such that a lower surface of the transparent covering layer contacts a top surface of the plurality of light-emitting elements, and a white reflector to cover a side surface of the plurality of light-emitting elements and a side surfaces of the transparent covering layer. At least a portion of a region directly above a gap between the plurality of light-emitting elements is not covered with the phosphor-containing film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 16, 2015
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2017
    Assignee: TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Satoshi Wada, Aya Kawaoka
  • Patent number: 9067834
    Abstract: A method of manufacturing a surface-modified carbon material is provided that can form a layer of a metal or the like on the surface in a simple manner and with adhesion performance. The surface-modified carbon material is also provided. The method is characterized by heat-treating a carbon substrate together with a carbon member other than the carbon substrate, the carbon substrate embedded in a surface modifying agent comprising a pyrolytic hydrogen halide generating agent and metal particles containing a transition metal. More specifically, a carbon substrate (2) is embedded in powder (3) containing a pyrolytic hydrogen halide generating agent such as ammonium chloride and metal particles containing a transition metal such as stainless steel, and the carbon substrate (2) is heat-treated together with a carbon member other than the carbon substrate, such as a the graphite crucible (6).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: June 30, 2015
    Assignee: TOYO TANSO CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Akiyoshi Takeda
  • Patent number: 8872709
    Abstract: A representative embodiment prevents breakage of antennas and accidents due to breakage of electric wires caused by ice and snow accretion by realizing a surface with a surface energy of 2 mN/m or less and providing an antenna and electric wire having an extremely great effect of preventing ice and snow accretion at midwinter. Another representative embodiment provides an ice and snow accretion-preventive antenna and electric wire wherein a surface thereof is compositely fabricated to have large roughness and small roughness, and the surface of each of the roughness is coated with a water-repellent, oil-repellent, and antifouling thin film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: Empire Technology Development LLC
    Inventor: Kazufumi Ogawa
  • Publication number: 20140227514
    Abstract: Compositions and methods for depositing improved zirconium oxide conversion coatings, as well as compositions capable of depositing an adherent zirconium oxide conversion coating on a substrate in the absence of prior cleaning are provided.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 22, 2012
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: Henkel AG & Co. KGaA
    Inventors: Elizabeth J. Siebert, Bruce H. Goodreau
  • Publication number: 20140079925
    Abstract: A process of forming a building product can include providing a first layer having a first material, and providing a second layer having a second material that different from the first material, wherein the second layer has pores. The process can further include infiltrating a fluid into the pores of the second layer while the first layer is present and adjacent to the second layer, wherein the fluid includes a carbonate. The process can still further include reacting the carbonate with a metal compound within the second layer to form a metal carbonate within the second layer. In another aspect, a building product can include a first layer having a first material, and a second layer having a second material and a third material that includes a metal carbonate. The first material can be different from the second material, and the second and third materials can include the same metal element.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 10, 2013
    Publication date: March 20, 2014
    Inventors: Husnu M. Kalkanoglu, Gregory F. Jacobs
  • Publication number: 20120295783
    Abstract: Methods of converting shaped templates into shaped metal-containing components, allowing for the production of freestanding, porous metal-containing replicas whose shapes and microstructures are derived from a shaped template, and partially or fully converting the shaped templates to produce metal-containing coatings on an underlying shaped template are described herein. Such coatings and replicas can be applied in a variety of fields including, but not limited to, catalysis, energy storage and conversion, and various structural or refractory materials and structural or refractory composite materials.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 1, 2011
    Publication date: November 22, 2012
    Applicant: Georgia Tech Research Corporation
    Inventors: David W. Lipke, Kenneth H. Sandhage
  • Publication number: 20120135153
    Abstract: A glass substrate for a magnetic disk of the invention is a disk-shaped glass substrate for a magnetic disk where the substrate has a main surface and end face and is subjected to chemical reinforcement treatment, and is characterized in that the penetration length in the uppermost-portion stress layer on the main surface is 49.1 ?m or less, and that assuming that an angle between the main surface and compressive stress in the stress profile by a Babinet compensator method is ?, a value y of {12·t·ln(tan ?)+(49.1/t)} is the penetration length in the uppermost-portion stress layer or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 12, 2012
    Publication date: May 31, 2012
    Inventors: Kinobu OSAKABE, Hideki ISONO, Katsuyuki IWATA, Shinji EDA, Kenichiro TERADA
  • Publication number: 20110281121
    Abstract: Surfaces having hydrophobic/oleophobic properties and methods of making them. The surfaces disclosed may be used, for example, in touch screen applications or other applications that involve contact with human skin.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 17, 2010
    Publication date: November 17, 2011
    Inventors: Mingqian He, Michael Lesley Sorensen, Lu Zhang
  • Publication number: 20110097501
    Abstract: Titanium-containing metal is extracted from its oxide(s) by way of a redox chemical reaction with a reducing metal. Specifically, an intimate mixture of the reducing metal and the titanium-containing oxide(s) is produced, in a preferred embodiment, by forming a metal-ceramic composite material featuring these two constituents. In a preferred embodiment, the composite body is made by infiltrating the reduced metal in molten form, into a permeable mass containing the titanium-bearing oxide(s). Concurrently or subsequent to infiltration, the redox reaction is carried out to transform the composite material, thereby forming a complex intimate mixture containing one or more oxides of the reducing metal, a titanium-containing metal, which could include an alloy of titanium with the reducing metal and/or one or more intermetallic compounds of titanium and the reducing metal, and possibly also some residual reducing metal, which itself possibly contains some titanium metal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 22, 2005
    Publication date: April 28, 2011
    Applicant: Lanxide Technology Company
    Inventors: Michael J. Hollins, Cameron R. May, Viril Irick, JR.
  • Patent number: 7838077
    Abstract: This invention is generally related to a method of making a molecule-surface interface comprising at least one surface comprising at least one material and at least one organic group wherein the organic group is adjoined to the surface and the method comprises contacting at least one organic group precursor with at least one surface wherein the organic group precursor is capable of reacting with the surface in a manner sufficient to adjoin the organic group and the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 23, 2010
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Michael P. Stewart
  • Patent number: 7790239
    Abstract: Process for the chemical treatment of lignocellulose materials, in particular of at least one piece of wood, characterized in that said materials are subjected to impregnation by a chemical agent comprising hydrocarbonaceous chains, this agent being chosen from mixed anhydrides, except for the mixed anhydride of acetic/benzoic acid, said agent being suitable for providing covalent grafting of a plurality of hydrocarbonaceous chains to said materials.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 9, 2003
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2010
    Assignee: Lapeyre
    Inventors: Michel Magne, Silham El Kasmi, Maxime Dupire, Marie Morard, Carlos Vaca-Garcia, Sophie Thiebaud-Roux, Jerome Peydecastaing, Elisabeth Borredon, Antoine Gaset
  • Publication number: 20100209719
    Abstract: The invention relates to a composition for coating metal surfaces, containing water-soluble, substantially fully hydrolyzed polysiloxanes with amino-functional groups and vicinal dihydroxyalkyl-functional and/or epoxy-functional groups, a method for the production thereof, the use of said composition for coating metal surfaces, and parts, especially calipers, which are treated with said composition.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 17, 2008
    Publication date: August 19, 2010
    Applicant: Evonik Degussa GmbH
    Inventors: Bjoern Borup, Burkhard Standke, Christian Wassmer, Martin Nader, Christian Junker
  • Publication number: 20100209612
    Abstract: The invention relates to coatings with a contact angle hysteresis in water as measured by the tilting plate method of at most 20° made from silyl-terminated linear prepolymers which may cross-link with the surface of the substrate for coating, wherein the silyl-terminated linear prepolymers may be obtained by reaction of compounds of general formula (I): X-A-X? (I), where A=a polyoxyalkylene chain of ethylene oxide units or ethylene oxide and propylene oxide units with a maximum fraction of 50 wt.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 19, 2010
    Publication date: August 19, 2010
    Inventors: Haitao Rong, Peter Grejwe, Jürgen Groll, Christine Mohr, Marina Glesius, Martin Möller
  • Publication number: 20100183858
    Abstract: An ultrathin film of calcium phosphate crystals having a thickness of 200 nm or less on a surface of a solid substrate, and a method for preparing the same are disclosed. Further, an amorphous dendritic extension used as an intermediate material in preparation of the ultrathin film of calcium phosphate and a method for forming the same are disclosed. The ultrathin film of calcium phosphate crystals can be coated on the surface of the solid substrate while substantially maintaining surface roughness of the solid substrate. The method employs calcium phosphate ion solutions at low temperature.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 20, 2008
    Publication date: July 22, 2010
    Inventor: Hyun Man Kim
  • Patent number: 7658975
    Abstract: Method and structure for minimizing the downsides associated with microelectronic device processing adjacent porous dielectric materials are disclosed. In particular, chemical protocols are disclosed wherein porous dielectric materials may be sealed by attaching coupling agents to the surfaces of pores. The coupling agents may form all or part of caps on reactive groups in the dielectric surface or may crosslink to seal pores in the dielectric.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2010
    Assignee: Intel Corporation
    Inventors: Grant Kloster, Robert P. Meagley, Michael D. Goodner, Kevin P. O'brien
  • Publication number: 20090200013
    Abstract: A technique facilitates the use of polymer materials in a downhole environment via utilization of a coating that can be applied to the polymer material. The methodology enables formation of a coating that sufficiently bonds with an underlying base structure of polymer material to withstand the harsh environment encountered in a downhole application. Additionally, the coating may utilize reactive chemistries to further protect the polymer material against the ingress of deleterious fluids while located in the downhole environment. Well tubulars formed of coated polymer are also described.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 23, 2009
    Publication date: August 13, 2009
    Inventors: Bernadette Craster, Ahmed Hammami, Tim G.J. Jones, Todd Yakimoski, Jiarong Wang, Stephen M. Dershem
  • Publication number: 20090130435
    Abstract: Composite bodies made by a silicon metal infiltration process that feature a silicon intermetallic, e.g., a metal silicide. Not only does this give the composite material engineer greater flexibility in designing or tailoring the physical properties of the resulting composite material, but the infiltrant also can be engineered compositionally to have much diminished amounts of expansion upon solidification, thereby enhancing net-shape-making capabilities. These and other consequences of engineering the metal component of composite bodies made by silicon infiltration permit the fabrication of large structures of complex shape.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 25, 2008
    Publication date: May 21, 2009
    Inventors: Michael K. Aghajanian, Allyn L. McCormick, Michael S. Epperly
  • Patent number: 7527831
    Abstract: This invention is generally related to a method of making a molecule-surface interface comprising at least one surface comprising at least one material and at least one organic group wherein the organic group is adjoined to the surface and the method comprises contacting at least one organic group precursor with at least one surface wherein the organic group precursor is capable of reacting with the surface in a manner sufficient to adjoin the organic group and the surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 2, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 5, 2009
    Assignee: William Marsh Rice University
    Inventors: James M. Tour, Michael Stewart
  • Publication number: 20080318068
    Abstract: Provided is a method for the production of a mineral substrate with a surface modified by organic groups. The method comprises placing the surface of a mineral substrate with silanol functional groups in contact with a solution of an organotrihydrosilane in an organic solvent at a temperature of less than 30° C. The mineral substrate with silanol functions can comprise silica particles, a sheet of glass, quartz or mica as well as silicon of the wafer type covered by a layer of silica deposited by an appropriate preliminary treatment.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 12, 2008
    Publication date: December 25, 2008
    Applicants: Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Universite de Montpellier II, Sciences et Techniques de Languedoc
    Inventors: Gerard Lanneau, Michel Granier, Johanne Moineau
  • Patent number: 7390534
    Abstract: A process capable of depositing a diffusion coating of uniform thickness on localized surface regions of a component. The process makes use of an adhesive mixture containing a binding agent that is consumed as part of the deposition process so as not to negatively affect the quality and uniformity of the resulting coating. The process entails mixing a particulate donor material containing a coating element, a dissolved activator, and a particulate filler to form an adhesive mixture having a formable, malleable consistency. The adhesive mixture is applied to a surface of the component, and the component is heated to a temperature sufficient to vaporize and react the activator with the coating element of the donor material, thereby forming a reactive vapor of the coating element. The reactive vapor reacts at the surface of the component to form a diffusion coating containing the coating element.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 31, 2003
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: General Electric Company
    Inventors: Dong-Sil Park, James Anthony Ruud, Jeffrey Allan Pfaendtner
  • Patent number: 7354623
    Abstract: An organic layer, such as a porous low-K dielectric in an IC, contains pores open at its surface. To close the pores, the organic layer is contacted by a supercritical fluid that is a solvent for the layer. After a small amount of the surface and the wall of the open pores is solvated, a phase transition of the solvated organic material is effected at the surface to cover it with a dense, smooth, non-porous film that seals the open pores.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2004
    Date of Patent: April 8, 2008
    Assignee: Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Ltd.
    Inventors: Ching-Ya Wang, Ping Chuang, Sunny Wu, Yu-Liang Lin, Hung-Jung Tu, Mei-Sheng Zhou, Henry Lo
  • Publication number: 20080038453
    Abstract: A surface modification method is provided, which includes permeating a permeative substance into a surface of a plastic member by using a pressurized fluid, and dissolving the permeative substance with a solvent to remove the permeative substance from the surface of the plastic member. Accordingly, the surface modification method for modifying the surface of the plastic member is provided, which uses the pressurized fluid and which makes it possible to form a metal film having a satisfactory surface roughness and having a high adhesion force.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 6, 2007
    Publication date: February 14, 2008
    Applicant: HITACHI MAXELL, LTD.
    Inventors: Atsushi Yusa, Yoshiyuki Nomura
  • Patent number: 6924003
    Abstract: The present invention provides a method of processing a nanotube, comprising the steps of: causing a selective solid state reaction between a selected part of a nanotube and a reactive substance to have the selected part only become a reaction product; and separating the nanotube from the reaction product to define an end of the nanotube.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 18, 2000
    Date of Patent: August 2, 2005
    Assignee: NEC Corporation
    Inventor: Yuegang Zhang
  • Patent number: 6921553
    Abstract: A composition for transforming a chrysotile asbestos-containing material into a non-asbestos material is disclosed, wherein the composition comprises water, at least about 30% by weight of an acid component, at least about 0.1% by weight of a source of fluoride ions, and a stable foam forming amount of a foaming agent system composed of a non-ionic alkyl polyglycoside alone or with additional non-ionic foaming agents. A method of transforming the asbestos-containing material into a non-asbestos material using the present composition in the form of a foam also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2003
    Date of Patent: July 26, 2005
    Assignee: W.R. Grace & Co.-Conn.
    Inventor: Lawrence Joseph Kindt
  • Patent number: 6835409
    Abstract: A method of recording fingerprints in which a solution of monohydrogen or dihydrogen ester having an AAV of about 9 or more is applied to a person's fingerprint area with the area then pressed onto a thermosensitive substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 2, 2003
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Armor Holdings Forensics, Inc.
    Inventor: Douglas C. Arndt
  • Patent number: 6835410
    Abstract: The invention relates to a process for coating a material surface comprising the steps of: (a) providing an inorganic or organic bulk material having covalently bound to its surface initiator moieties for radical polymerization; (b) graft polymerizing a hydrophilic ethylenically unsaturated macromonomer from the bulk material surface in the presence of a biocompatible hydrophilic polymer being devoid of polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated groups and thereby entrapping said hydrophilic polymer within the polymer matrix formed by the polymerization of the macromonomer. Composite materials obtainable according to the process of the invention have desirable characteristics regarding adherence to the substrate, durability, hydrophilicity, wettability, biocompatibility and permeability and are thus useful for the manufacture of biomedical articles such as ophthalmic devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 28, 2004
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Peter Chabrecek, Jörg Leukel, Dieter Lohmann
  • Patent number: 6827967
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a chemical treatment process which makes it possible to modify the chemical structure of securities, bank notes or paper documents during their transportation or their storage, either in a vehicle or by a man on foot, thus making it impossible for criminals to be able to reuse them.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 5, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 7, 2004
    Assignee: Brink's France
    Inventor: Philippe Besnard
  • Patent number: 6787189
    Abstract: A C/Si/O composite material having improved oxidation resistance is prepared by impregnating graphite with a crosslinkable silane or siloxane, causing the silane or siloxane to crosslink within the graphite, and heating at 300-1,200° C. in a non-oxidizing gas. The C/Si/O composite material can be efficiently prepared through simple steps, on an industrial scale and at a low cost and will find use as a high-temperature structural material by virtue of oxidation resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 3, 2002
    Date of Patent: September 7, 2004
    Assignee: Shin-Etsu Chemical Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hidetaka Konno, Mikio Aramata, Hirofumi Fukuoka
  • Patent number: 6753043
    Abstract: A servo-patterned magnetic recording medium, comprising: a magnetic layer having a surface with substantially uniform topography, the magnetic layer including a data zone and a servo pattern, the servo pattern comprising: (a) a first patterned plurality of regions of first, higher values of magnetic coercivity Hc and magnetic remanence-thickness product Mrt; and (b) a second patterned plurality of ion-implanted regions of second, lower values of Hc. and Mrt; wherein the second, lower values of Hc and Mrt are sufficiently lower than the first, higher values of Hc and Mrt as to permit sensing for enabling accurate positioning of a read/write transducer head in the data zone but sufficiently high for providing the medium with thermal stability, high amplitude of magnetic transition, and high signal-to-noise ratio.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 22, 2004
    Assignee: Seagate Technology LLC
    Inventors: David S. Kuo, Xinwei Li
  • Patent number: 6733828
    Abstract: A method of confined synthesis of nanostructured material inside a mesoporous material. The method includes the step of providing mesoporous material having uniform and ordered mesopores. Next, a monolayer of charged functional group is attached on the pore surface of mesoporous host material by reacting with functional molecule. A oppositely-charged molecule is incorporated into the confined space of mesoporous material by either ion exchange or incipient wetness impregnation. Finally, the incorporated molecule is reduced or oxidized or further reacted with secondarily-incorporated molecule to form nanostructured material in mesoporous material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 29, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 11, 2004
    Inventors: Kuei-Jung Chao, Chia-Min Yang
  • Patent number: 6706320
    Abstract: A process for modifying the surface of a substrate containing a polymeric material by contacting the surface with the modifying agent to bond the modifying agent to the surface the process comprising providing a solution of the modifying agent in a solvent and subjecting the solution of the modifying agent to a zone of elevated temperature to vaporize the solvent and provide diffuse contact between the modifying agent and the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2001
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2004
    Assignee: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
    Inventors: Con Filippou, Wojciech S Gutowski, David Proctor, Mark Spicer
  • Patent number: 6696107
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a method for producing an ordered array of nanoparticles on a substrate surface and to a nanomaterial having such an ordered array of nanoparticles. Particularly, but not exclusively, the invention relates to the provision of an ordered array of magnetic nanocrystals on a substrate surface. Although the present invention is not limited to the production of a magnetic array, one important object of the present invention is the production of a material suitable for use as an ultra high density magnetic data storage medium. According to the present invention there is provided a method of producing a structure comprising a plurality of nanoparticles distributed across a surface of a substrate in a predetermined array, the method comprising the steps of: i) providing a substrate which has a passivated surface; ii) depositing nanoparticles on to said surface; and iii) displacing said particles over said surface to configure them in said predetermined array.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 5, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2004
    Assignee: Council for the Central Laboratory of the Research Councils
    Inventor: Derek A. Eastham
  • Patent number: 6660338
    Abstract: Low surface energy functionalized surfaces on solid supports are provided by contacting a surface of a solid substrate having reactive moieties on the surface with a solution of an organic solvent and water. The surface of the solid substrate is then contacted with a derivatizing composition containing a mixture of silanes. A first silane provides the desired reduction in surface energy, while the second silane enables functionalization with molecular moieties of interest, such as small molecules. Molecular moieties of interest may be attached through cleavable sites. Derivatizing compositions for carrying out the surface functionalization process are provided as well.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2001
    Date of Patent: December 9, 2003
    Assignee: Agilent Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: John S. Hargreaves
  • Patent number: 6610165
    Abstract: A method for coating an orifice plate and an orifice plate having a non-wetting coating thereon is provided. To form the plate, material having non-wetting characteristics can be provided as a surface of a transfer block. The non-wetting material is preferably Teflon (PTFE) and the transfer block is preferably a relatively soft material, which preferably has good heat transfer properties, such as aluminum. The surface of the transfer block comprising the non-wetting material can be pressed against the orifice plate, preferably under heating conditions. In one embodiment of the invention, the non-wetting surface is pressed against a secondary transfer block to coat the secondary transfer block with the non-wetting material and the coated surface of this second block is pressed against the orifice plate, preferably under heating conditions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: August 26, 2003
    Assignee: Illinois Tool Works Inc.
    Inventors: Gregory A. Myhill, Norma Miller
  • Patent number: 6585878
    Abstract: A thermal barrier coating for nickel based superalloy articles such as turbine engine vanes and blades that are exposed to high temperature gas is disclosed. The coating includes a columnar grained ceramic layer applied to a platinum modified Ni3Al gamma prime phase bond coat having a high purity alumina scale. The preferred composition of the bond coat is 5 to 16% by weight of aluminum, 5 to 25% by weight of platinum with the balance, at least 50% by weight, nickel. A method for making the bond coat is also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 7, 2002
    Date of Patent: July 1, 2003
    Assignee: Honeywell International, Inc.
    Inventors: Thomas E. Strangman, Derek Raybould
  • Patent number: 6582758
    Abstract: An object of the present invention is to provide a process for easily producing a magnetic recording medium exhibiting excellent magnetic characteristics. In the present invention, an orientation-determining film is formed on a non-metallic substrate which has undergone texturing, the orientation-determining film is subjected to oxidation or nitridation, and a non-magnetic undercoat film and a magnetic film are formed on the film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 19, 2001
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2003
    Assignee: Showa Denko Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Akira Sakawaki, Masato Kokubu, Ryuji Sakaguchi, Hiroshi Sakai
  • Patent number: 6565929
    Abstract: The method of manufacturing the magnetic medium for data storage comprising magnetic segments (5) for data storage which alternate regularly with nonmagnetic segments, which method comprises deposition on a substrate (1) from a nonmagnetic material a material having low or zero initial magnetization and capable of varying its magnetic characteristics under the effect of irradiation. The mentioned material is laid on the substrate (1) as a layer (2) in a thickness corresponding to one of the overall size values of any one of the magnetic segment (5) being formed. Then the applied layer (2) is selectively irradiated so as to vary the magnetic characteristics of the material of the layer (2) on the irradiated segments before forming the magnetic segments (5) each having a maximum overall size the ratio between which and any other overall size of this magnetic segment is from 3.5:1 to 15:1.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 10, 2001
    Date of Patent: May 20, 2003
    Assignee: Obschestvo s organichennoi otvetstvennostju “Laboratoria Ionnykh Nanotekhnology” (OOO “Labintech”)
    Inventors: Boris Aronovich Gurovich, Dmitry Losifovich Dolgy, Evgeny Zalmanovich Meylikhov, Evgeny Pavlovich Velikhov, Vladimir Borisovich Betelin, Evgenia Anatolievna Kuleshova, Evgeny Dmitrievich Olshansky, Boris Aronovich Aronzon, Alexandr Viktorovich Kalinin
  • Patent number: 6562409
    Abstract: A low cost process for self-forming a uniformly adherent protective rare earth silicate coating on a silicon-based ceramic component for protecting the component against corrosive/erosive environments. The coating is self-formed by an oxidation process of a silicon-based ceramic associated with a reaction between a silica (SiO2) film layer on the surface of silicon-based ceramic and the rare earth oxide existing inside of silicon-based ceramic component.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2002
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2003
    Assignee: Caterpillar Inc
    Inventors: Kent A. Koshkarian, Seung K. Lee, Michael J. Readey
  • Patent number: 6555175
    Abstract: A process for modifying the surface of a polymeric substrate is disclosed, wherein said process is comprised of contacting a surface of a polymeric substrate with a protic liquid or fluid containing a diazonium composition under such conditions that will effectively allow the reaction of the diazonium composition with the surface, resulting in the attachment of aromatic groups to the polymeric surface. The polymeric substrate contains aliphatic carbon-hydrogen bonds, while the protic composition is comprised of a diazonium complex formed by diazotizing an amino compound comprised of at least one amino group bonded to an aromatic group. Also disclosed are the products generated using the aforementioned surface modifications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2002
    Date of Patent: April 29, 2003
    Inventor: Joseph Edward Johnson
  • Patent number: 6548168
    Abstract: A method of stabilizing particles with an insulating, semiconducting and/or metallic coating and stabilized particles prepared thereby are disclosed. In addition, particles stabilized by an insulating, semiconducting and/or metallic coating, wherein said coating is attached to said particles via a bifunctional ligand are provided, as is a method is provided for determining the presence of an analyte in a sample comprising incubating the sample with a ligand bound to a coated particle, capable of specifically binding to the analyte and capable of providing a detectable signal and detecting the presence of a ligand-coated particle:analyte complex as indicating the presence of the analyte in the sample.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 8, 2000
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2003
    Assignee: The University of Melbourne
    Inventors: Paul Charles Mulvaney, Luis Manuel Liz-Marzan
  • Patent number: 6514577
    Abstract: A surface treatment method that increases the wear resistance of contact portions of levers of a diaphragm spring in a clutch cover assembly and of a plate member that slides there-against is provided. The surface treatment method is applied to the contact portions of the diaphragm spring of the clutch cover assembly and to the plate member that slides there-against. In this method, the contact portion of the diaphragm spring and the sliding portion of the plate member are designated as treatment surfaces. The treatment surfaces are subjected to an electric discharge coating using a coating material such that the treatment surface is covered with a coating layer of approximately 50 &mgr;m or less and a diffusion layer is formed inside the treatment surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 24, 2002
    Date of Patent: February 4, 2003
    Assignee: Exedy Corporation
    Inventor: Kimihiro Tomiyama
  • Patent number: 6500497
    Abstract: A method of producing a patterned magnetic nanostructure is disclosed. The method includes providing a substrate having a non-magnetic single layer or multi layer film that can be converted into a magnetic state by annealing and/or mixing. The method further includes positioning a mask having a desired pattern and resolution associated with the patterned magnetic nanostructure on or over the film. The method additionally includes subjecting the mask-covered substrate to a beam of radiation (focussed or unfocussed) having sufficient energy to locally anneal and/or mix the non-magnetic or weak-magnetic single-layer or multi layer film. Because of the mask effect, only the desired portions of the non-magnetic film are exposed to the beam of radiation. As such, the desired portions of the non-magnetic film are changed from a non-magnetic to a magnetic state to produce an array of magnetic elements in a non-magnetic matrix. The size of each magnetic element is dependent on the resolution of mask.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 19, 2002
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2002
    Assignee: Data Storage Institute
    Inventors: Jian-Ping Wang, Tie Jun Zhou, Tow Chong Chong
  • Patent number: 6468667
    Abstract: The invention relates to an ophthalmic molding such as a contact lens or any kind of ocular prostheses comprising an organic bulk material having covalently bonded to its surface an acceptor saccharide to which is enzymatically attached one or more further carbohydrates. The ophthalmic moldings of the invention have desirable characteristics regarding, for example, adherence to the substrate, durability, hydrophilicity, wettability or biocompatibility.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 30, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2002
    Assignee: Novartis AG
    Inventors: Peter Chabrecek, Dieter Lohmann, Markus Streiff
  • Patent number: 6458414
    Abstract: A method for processing lanthanum oxide solids in an aqueous solution. An aqueous solution containing a partially soluble or insoluble salt forming anion is provided. A soluble lanthanum oxide solid is then added to the solution, and the anion is then reacted with at least a portion of the lanthanum in the lanthanum oxide solid, thereby forming a partially soluble or insoluble salt coating around the lanthanum oxide solid.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 28, 2000
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2002
    Assignee: Battelle Memorial Institute
    Inventors: Craig F. Habeger, Timothy R. Armstrong
  • Patent number: 6451153
    Abstract: A method of preparing particles of a lignocellulosic material for the manufacture of a finished product, such as a particle board, includes the steps of chemically modifying the lignocellulosic material by impregnating the lignocellulosic material with a suitable anhydride in a non-aqueous solvent; applying to the particles of lignocellulosic material an adhesion promoter to promote the adherence of a thermoplastic resin to the surfaces of the particles of lignocellulosic material; and applying to the particles a thermoplastic resin in dry powder form, so that after the application of the adhesion promoter, the thermoplastic resin adheres to the surfaces of the particles of lignocellulosic material, the thermoplastic resin having been surfaced modified by irradiation or by fluorination; and removing any solvent present.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 1997
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2002
    Assignee: Tower Technologies (Proprietary) Limited
    Inventor: Michael Windsor Symons
  • Patent number: 6444321
    Abstract: A surface coating and its use in chemical analysis, electronics, and optoelectronics is disclosed. The surface coating is characterized in that it comprises an amphiphile reversibly bound to a substrate by non-covalent interaction, preferably by polar interaction. The amphiphile is a bolaamphiphile, such as pentamidine.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 3, 2002
    Assignee: Forskarpatent I Syd AB
    Inventors: Thomas Arnebrant, Börje Sellergren, Aleksander Swietlow
  • Patent number: 6416815
    Abstract: Intercalated graphite flake which has enhanced exfoliation volume characteristics at relatively low exfoliation temperatures, e.g., 600° C. and even lower, is made by adding an organic expansion aid to the intercalant solution and heating a blend of intercalated particles and an organic reducing agent in the temperature range of 25° to 125° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 23, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2002
    Assignee: Graftech Inc.
    Inventors: Ronald Alfred Greinke, Robert Anderson Reyolds, III
  • Patent number: 6406749
    Abstract: A process of chemically modifying wood by impregnating the wood, under vacuum, with ammonia gas; after removal of residual ammonia, and while under pressure, impregnating the ammonia gas impregnated wood with an impregnating composition containing dicarboxylic or tricarboxylic anhydride, partly or fully saponified polyvinyl alcohol and water. The impregnating composition may further and, preferably, include a water-soluble boron compound, such as sodium borate. In the latter case, the boron is resistant to leaching.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 13, 2000
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2002
    Assignee: Windsor Technologies Limited
    Inventor: Michael Windsor Symons
  • Patent number: 6358557
    Abstract: The invention includes a method of coating a substrate, comprising exposing a substrate to an initiator capable of initiating a graft polymerization reaction on the substrate, to generate reactive radical sites on the surface of the substrate; contacting the substrate with a composition comprising one or more monomers in a medium which has different hydrophilicity compared to the substrate, and grafting monomer molecules onto the substrate by forming covalent bonds between monomer molecules and the substrate at reactive radical sites on the substrate surface. With the invention, novel coated articles can be obtained which are particularly usefull as medical products such as catheters.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2002
    Assignee: STS Biopolymers, Inc.
    Inventors: Guo-Bin Wang, Xianping Zhang