Multiple Applications Of Identical Radiation Energy Source To Polymerize (e.g., Pulse, Flash, Lamp, Etc.) Patents (Class 427/492)
  • Patent number: 10241409
    Abstract: Compositions having a high metal content comprising a metal salt solution, a stabilizer and one or more optional additives, wherein the metal salt solution comprises a metal ion, a counter ion and a solvent. The compositions are useful for forming films on substrates in the manufacture of solid state and integrated circuit devices.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 22, 2015
    Date of Patent: March 26, 2019
    Assignee: AZ Electronic Materials (Luxembourg) S.à.r.l.
    Inventors: Huirong Yao, M. Dalil Rahman, Douglas McKenzie, JoonYeon Cho
  • Patent number: 10086643
    Abstract: Provided are a chip with a stereoscopic texture for a resin-based reinforced natural stone and a resin-based reinforced natural stone including the same. A chip with a stereoscopic texture can be obtained by coating a pigment on a surface of a crushed reinforced natural stone chip. In a resin-based reinforced natural stone to which the chip with a stereoscopic texture is added, a boundary surface between the chip and a matrix is formed, such that a texture of natural stone and a three-dimensional stereoscopic effect may be implemented, thereby making it possible to implement an aesthetically beautiful surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 11, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 2, 2018
    Assignee: Lotte Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hee Cheol Lee, Han Ju Kang, Cheol Yeon Hwang, Ki Cheon Kang, Chang Ho Son, Sung Jin An
  • Patent number: 9149835
    Abstract: A method of repairing defects in automotive coatings is disclosed. More particularly, the invention relates to a method of repairing defects in color-clear composite coatings.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 6, 2015
    Assignee: PPG Industries Ohio, Inc.
    Inventors: Shanti Swarup, Xiangling Xu, Richard J. Sadvary, Anthony M. Chasser
  • Publication number: 20150099070
    Abstract: There is provided a composition for curing a resist underlayer film used as an underlayer of a resist for nanoimprint in nanoimprint lithography of a pattern forming process by heat-baking, light-irradiation or both of them to form the resist underlayer film. A composition for forming a resist underlayer film used for nanoimprint in a pattern forming process using nanoimprint by performing heat-baking, light-irradiation, or both of them, the composition comprising a silicon atom-containing polymerizable compound (A), a polymerization initiator (B) and a solvent (C). The polymerizable compound (A) may contain silicon atoms in a content of 5 to 45% by mass. The polymerizable compound (A) may be a polymerizable compound having at least one cation polymerizable reactive group, a polymerizable compound having at least one radical polymerizable reactive group, or a combination of them, and the polymerization initiator (B) may be a photopolymerization initiator.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 15, 2014
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Inventors: Satoshi TAKEI, Tomoya OHASHI
  • Publication number: 20150093515
    Abstract: A fully additive method for forming optical waveguides and devices, such as thermo-optic polymer switches and electro-optic polymer modulators, is disclosed. A first polymer material of refractive index N1 is coated onto a suitable substrate to form a first cladding layer. The first cladding is then selectively patterned using a mold to form an impression of the waveguide core into the first cladding layer. Next, a core layer is formed by ink-jet printing onto the imprinted first cladding layer with a core material of refractive index N2 (N2>N1). The core layer is subsequently coated by ink jet printing with a second polymer material of refractive index N3 (N3<N2) to form a second cladding, resulting in an optical waveguide. An electrode may be ink jet printed before coating the first cladding material or after coating the second cladding material, or both before and after coating, in order to form active photonic devices.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 1, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: Omega Optics, Inc.
    Inventors: Harish Subbaraman, Ray T. Chen
  • Patent number: 8951614
    Abstract: A method for coating a laboratory print media with a photo-sensitive material may include generating, at a printer, a request to label a laboratory media. The laboratory media includes applying multiple coating layers to a laboratory print media to produce a human-readable and machine-readable label within a dedicated area of the print media. The multiple coating layers include at least a material based on photo-sensitive ink that is thermally-activated, and protected by a chemical and physical protective barrier/layer. The method may further include generating, using a printing mechanism, an image within the dedicated area of the print media. The image includes a laser-based image reflecting off of the photo-sensitive ink.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignee: Vaporprint, LLC
    Inventors: Mark Andrew Collins, Charles W. Morrison
  • Patent number: 8920884
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a polymer stabilized alignment liquid crystal display panel including: filling a liquid crystal layer between a first substrate and a second substrate, the liquid crystal layer including liquid crystal molecules, monomer with single functional group and monomer with multiple functional groups; polymerizing the monomer with single functional groups to form two alignment layers over inner surfaces of the first substrate and the second substrate; and polymerizing the monomer with multiple functional groups to form a polymer capable of pre-tilting the liquid crystal molecules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Au Optronics Corporation
    Inventors: Shih-Wei Yeh, Te-Sheng Chen, Chih-Ho Chiu, Hsi-Chien Lin
  • Publication number: 20140349025
    Abstract: A conductive composition is disclosed, In one embodiment, the composition comprises 40 to 90 wt % of silver particles having an average particle size in the range of 10 to 450 nm and having an aspect ratio of 3 to 1:1, 2 to 20 wt % of an alkyl carbonyl macromolecule resin having a weight-average molar mass of 4,000 to 200,000 and 10 to 58 wt % of a diluent for the resin. In one embodiment, the resin is ethyl cellulose.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 2, 2014
    Publication date: November 27, 2014
    Applicant: E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AND COMPANY
    Inventors: DAVE HUI, GARETH JAMES GRIFFITHS
  • Publication number: 20140226943
    Abstract: A wet-on-dry process for coating a glass optical fiber with a radiation curable Primary Coating, comprising (a) operating a glass drawing tower to produce a glass optical fiber; (b) applying a radiation curable Primary Coating composition onto the surface of the optical fiber; (c) applying radiation to effect curing of said radiation curable Primary Coating composition; (d) applying a secondary coating to the Primary Coating; and (e) applying radiation to effect curing of said secondary coating. Also, a wet-on-wet process for coating a glass optical fiber with a radiation curable Primary Coating, comprising (a) operating a glass drawing tower to produce a glass optical fiber; (b) applying a radiation curable Primary Coating composition onto the surface of the optical fiber; (c) applying a secondary coating to the Primary Coating; and (d) applying radiation to effect curing of the Primary Coating and the secondary coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 12, 2013
    Publication date: August 14, 2014
    Applicant: DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
    Inventors: Xiaosong Dean WU, Steven R. SCHMID, Edward J. MURPHY, John M. ZIMMERMAN, Anthony Joseph TORTORELLO
  • Patent number: 8715788
    Abstract: Methods and apparatus for improving mechanical properties of a dielectric film on a substrate are provided. In some embodiments, the dielectric film is a carbon-doped oxide (CDO). The methods involve the use of modulated ultraviolet radiation to increase the mechanical strength while limiting shrinkage and limiting any increases in the dielectric constant of the film. Methods improve film hardness, modulus and cohesive strength, which provide better integration capability and improved performance in the subsequent device fabrication procedures such as chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) and packaging.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 6, 2014
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Ananda K. Bandyopadhyay, Seon-Mee Cho, Haiying Fu, Easwar Srinivasan, David Mordo
  • Publication number: 20140120268
    Abstract: Provided is a method for producing an pressure-sensitive adhesive sheet having an ultraviolet-ray curing-type acrylic pressure-sensitive adhesive layer that can undergo, about one or more monomers therefor, high rate-polymerization to be excellent in productivity, and is also excellent in balance between pressure-sensitive adhesive performances. The method includes: a first radiating substep of using, as an ultraviolet source, an LED lamp having a peak wavelength in the range of 300 nm to 450 nm to expose the adhesive composition to light from the LED lamp; and a second radiating substep of using, as an ultraviolet source, an ultraviolet lamp for emitting light having a peak wavelength in the range from 300 nm to 450 nm and further including a wavelength in the range of 100 nm or more and less than 300 nm after the first radiating step to expose the adhesive composition to the light.
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2013
    Publication date: May 1, 2014
    Applicant: NITTO DENKO CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jun Akiyama, Tooru Nakashima
  • Publication number: 20140093727
    Abstract: A method including: a. coating at least a portion of at least one major surface of a substrate with a polymerizable composition to obtain a coated surface; b. initiating polymerization of the polymerizable composition by scanning a first electron-beam focused on the coated surface across at least a portion of the coated surface, thereby irradiating the coated surface at a frequency selected to achieve an exposure duration of greater than 0 and no greater than 10 microseconds, and a dark time between each exposure duration of at least one millisecond, thereby producing an at least partially polymerized composition. A pressure sensitive adhesive article and a cross-linked silicone release liner made according to the method are also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2012
    Publication date: April 3, 2014
    Applicant: 3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES COMPANY
    Inventors: Karl B. Richter, Douglas S. Dunn, Douglas E. Weiss
  • Patent number: 8629068
    Abstract: The present invention addresses provides improved methods of preparing a low-k dielectric material on a substrate. The methods involve multiple operation ultraviolet curing processes in which UV intensity, wafer substrate temperature and other conditions may be independently modulated in each operation. In certain embodiments, a film containing a structure former and a porogen is exposed to UV radiation in a first operation to facilitate removal of the porogen and create a porous dielectric film. In a second operation, the film is exposed to UV radiation to increase cross-linking within the porous film. In certain embodiments, the curing takes place in a multi-station UV chamber wherein UV intensity and substrate temperature may be independently controlled at each station.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 14, 2014
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Krishnan Shrinivasan, Michael Rivkin, Eugene Smargiassi, Mohamed Sabri
  • Patent number: 8563194
    Abstract: An electrolyte membrane (1) includes a base material layer (1) containing a hydrocarbon-based electrolyte as a main component, and a surface layer (5) laminated with the base material layer (1). The surface layer (5) is a layer containing, as a main component, a polymeric material having a hydroxyl group and a proton conductive group. The polymeric material that constitutes the surface layer (5) contains, for example, a first polymer having a hydroxyl group, and a second polymer having a proton conductive group. A matrix is formed by cross-linking the first polymer, and the second polymer can be held in the matrix.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 22, 2009
    Date of Patent: October 22, 2013
    Assignee: Nitto Denko Corporation
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Nishii, Tooru Sugitani, Otoo Yamada, Sakura Toshikawa
  • Patent number: 8557346
    Abstract: A composition capable of radiation activated catalysis is provided. The composition comprises a metal compound, a mercapto compound and an olefinic compound. Radiation curable urethane compositions comprising the disclosed composition are also provided. The radiation curable urethane compositions comprise the disclosed composition, a hydroxyl compound and an isocyanate compound. Activation of the composition by radiation in a urethane formulation provides for an efficient method of curing the urethane composition. Coating and adhesive compositions comprising the radiation curable urethane compositions are also provided. In addition, methods for coating and bonding substrates are disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 15, 2013
    Assignee: Ashland Licensing and Intellectual Property LLC
    Inventors: Raymond S. Harvey, Thomas M. Moy, Gary M. Carlson
  • Patent number: 8512818
    Abstract: A highly tensile dielectric layer is generated on a heat sensitive substrate while not exceeding thermal budget constraints. Cascaded ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is used to produce highly tensile films to be used, for example, in strained NMOS transistor architectures. Successive UV radiation of equal or shorter wavelengths with variable intensity and duration selectively breaks bonds in the Si—N matrix and minimizes shrinkage and film relaxation. Higher tensile stress than a non-cascaded approach may be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Bhadri Varadarajan, Gengwei Jiang, Sirish K. Reddy, James S. Sims
  • Patent number: 8440013
    Abstract: Disclosed is a curable coating composition suitable for use on composite substrates such as plastic composites, cementitious composites, ceramic composites, and engineered wood, or on plastic materials. The curable coating composition comprises a multifunctional oligomer, a monomer selected from the group consisting of monofunctional monomers, difunctional monomers and mixtures thereof, a photoinitiator, a polyester resin and a polycarboxylic acid. Also disclosed is a method of coating the substrates with the curable coating composition and a coated substrate wherein the cured coating resides on the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Finishes Unlimited, Inc.
    Inventors: Pyotr Smelyansky, Kenneth W. Burton, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20130107193
    Abstract: Method for producing an electromagnetic wave reflective film by a first selective reflection layer forming process of using a transparent substrate; applying a first selective reflection layer forming coating solution on the transparent substrate to form a first selective reflection layer forming layer; irradiating the first selective reflection layer forming layer with ultraviolet rays at a dose in the range of 25 mJ/cm2 to 800 mJ/cm2; and thereby forming a first selective reflection layer; and a second selective reflection layer forming process of: using a second selective reflection layer forming coating solution; applying the second selective reflection layer forming coating solution on the first selective reflection layer so as to be in direct contact therewith to form a second selective reflection layer forming layer; irradiating the second selective reflection layer forming layer with ultraviolet rays; and thereby forming a second selective reflection layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 18, 2011
    Publication date: May 2, 2013
    Applicant: DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Satoru Hamada, Shoji Takeshige, Keiji Kashima
  • Patent number: 8398229
    Abstract: A method of curing radiation-curable fluid is described. In one example, the method includes emitting radiation from an array of light-emitting diodes towards ink to be cured. LEDs are cheap, light weight, highly efficient in their conversion of electrical power, and give effectively instant switching to full power. Another advantage is that the emission spectrum of an LED is sharply peaked around the nominal frequency. Thus LEDs give several advantages over conventional radiation sources such as mercury lamps. A low oxygen environment is preferably provided at the radiation source to accelerate the curing reaction. Also described are inks which are specially formulated to respond to the radiation emission spectrum of an LED.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 19, 2013
    Assignee: Inca Digital Printers Limited
    Inventors: Jindrich Vosahlo, Carole Noutary
  • Patent number: 8363204
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an optical enhancement film, more specifically, to a cholesteric reflective polarizer film, which is characterized by matching and compensating the emitting spectrum of a white LED backlight for LCD TVs and Monitors. The film not only enhances the brightness of the LED-backlit displays by light recycling effect but also increases the color rendering quality of the LED-backlit displays by phase balancing effect.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 8, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 29, 2013
    Assignee: MacroDisplay Inc.
    Inventor: Yao-Dong Ma
  • Publication number: 20130022791
    Abstract: A method for a coated product, comprising: providing a substrate; forming a color coating on the substrate; forming a top coating on the color coating, the paint used for the top paint is ultraviolet curable paint; providing a stamping die, the stamping die includes a plurality of molding surface; stamping the substrate with the stamping die, the molding surface abuts against the top coating; heat-curing the substrate while still in contact with the stamping die, the ultraviolet light struggled in the top coating through the stamping die to curing the top coating; curing the top paint coating again without the stamping die.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 20, 2011
    Publication date: January 24, 2013
    Applicants: FIH (HONG KONG) LIMITED, SHENZHEN FUTAIHONG PRECISION INDUSTRY CO., LTD.
    Inventor: DA-HUA CAO
  • Patent number: 8304032
    Abstract: Curable coating composition suitable for use on composite substrates such as plastic composites, cementitious composites, ceramic composites, and engineered wood, or on plastic materials. The curable coating composition comprises a multifunctional oligomer, a monomer selected from the group consisting of monofunctional monomers, difunctional monomers and mixtures thereof, a photoinitiator, a polyester resin and a polycarboxylic acid. Also disclosed is a method of coating the substrates with the curable coating composition and a coated substrate wherein the cured coating resides on the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Date of Patent: November 6, 2012
    Assignee: Finishes Unlimited, Inc.
    Inventors: Pyotr Smelyansky, Kenneth W. Burton, Jr.
  • Publication number: 20120169980
    Abstract: A method for fabricating a polymer stabilized alignment liquid crystal display panel including: filling a liquid crystal layer between a first substrate and a second substrate, the liquid crystal layer including liquid crystal molecules, monomer with single functional group and monomer with multiple functional groups; polymerizing the monomer with single functional groups to form two alignment layers over inner surfaces of the first substrate and the second substrate; and polymerizing the monomer with multiple functional groups to form a polymer capable of pre-tilting the liquid crystal molecules.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 21, 2011
    Publication date: July 5, 2012
    Applicant: AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION
    Inventors: Shih-Wei Yeh, Te-Sheng Chen, Chih-Ho Chiu, Hsi-Chien Lin
  • Patent number: 8211510
    Abstract: A highly tensile dielectric layer is generated on a heat sensitive substrate while not exceeding thermal budget constraints. Cascaded ultraviolet (UV) irradiation is used to produce highly tensile films to be used, for example, in strained NMOS transistor architectures. Successive UV radiation of equal or shorter wavelengths with variable intensity and duration selectively breaks bonds in the Si—N matrix and minimizes shrinkage and film relaxation. Higher tensile stress than a non-cascaded approach may be obtained.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 31, 2007
    Date of Patent: July 3, 2012
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Bhadri Varadarajan, Gengwei Jiang, Sirish K. Reddy, James S. Sims
  • Publication number: 20120147315
    Abstract: The present invention relates to an optical enhancement film, more specifically, to a cholesteric reflective polarizer film, which is characterized by matching and compensating the emitting spectrum of a white LED backlight for LCD TVs and Monitors. The film not only enhances the brightness of the LED-backlit displays by light recycling effect but also increases the color rendering quality of the LED-backlit displays by phase balancing effect.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 8, 2010
    Publication date: June 14, 2012
    Inventor: Yao-Dong Ma
  • Publication number: 20120064312
    Abstract: The present invention relates to the use of radiation-curable coating material for coating wood-base materials, a method for coating wood-base materials and the coated wood-base materials thus obtained.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2010
    Publication date: March 15, 2012
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Matthias Lokai, Oscar Lafuente Cerda, Axel Becker
  • Patent number: 8114513
    Abstract: A UV-curable undercoat that contains barium sulfate, production thereof, methods of coating substrates with the undercoat and the coated substrates.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 14, 2012
    Assignee: Sachtleben Chemie GmbH
    Inventors: Thomas Rentschler, Horst Van Beek, Reinhold Kopp
  • Publication number: 20110287221
    Abstract: Disclosed is a multi-layer film including a polymer substrate and buffer layers formed on the top surface and the bottom surface of the polymer substrate using a UV-cured and thermally cured product of a UV-curable and thermally curable buffer composition. A method for producing the multi-layer film is also disclosed.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 19, 2009
    Publication date: November 24, 2011
    Applicant: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Seung-Lac Ma, Dong-Ryul Kim, Gi-Cheul Kim, Sang-Uk Ryu, Ho-Jun Lee, Eun-Sil Lee, Jang-Yeon Hwang
  • Patent number: 8062714
    Abstract: A method is provided for manufacturing a film formation member having a dividing wall provided on a substrate to form a plurality of partitioned sections with a film being formed within each of the partitioned sections by discharging a predetermined amount of liquid within each of the partitioned sections. The method includes identifying a position of at least one of the partitioned section as a partitioned section with nonuniform liquid affinity among the partitioned sections, and discharging the liquid over a wider discharge range inside the partitioned section with nonuniform liquid affinity than a discharge range inside a partitioned section other than the partitioned section with nonuniform liquid affinity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 5, 2009
    Date of Patent: November 22, 2011
    Assignee: Seiko Epson Corporation
    Inventor: Junichi Sano
  • Publication number: 20110229651
    Abstract: Curable coating composition suitable for use on composite substrates such as plastic composites, cementitious composites, ceramic composites, and engineered wood, or on plastic materials. The curable coating composition comprises a multifunctional oligomer, a monomer selected from the group consisting of monofunctional monomers, difunctional monomers and mixtures thereof, a photoinitiator, a polyester resin and a polycarboxylic acid. Also disclosed is a method of coating the substrates with the curable coating composition and a coated substrate wherein the cured coating resides on the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 1, 2011
    Publication date: September 22, 2011
    Applicant: Finishes Unlimited, Inc.
    Inventors: Pyotr SMELYANSKY, Kenneth W. Burton, JR.
  • Publication number: 20110128486
    Abstract: A liquid crystal display includes: a first panel; a second panel facing the first panel; a first electrode and a second electrode formed on the first panel; a liquid crystal layer provided between the first panel and the second panel; and a first alignment layer formed on the first panel and contacting the liquid crystal layer. The first alignment layer includes a first alignment base layer and a first alignment control agent, the first alignment base layer represents a material for vertically aligning liquid crystal of the liquid crystal layer, and the first alignment control agent comes out of the first alignment base layer and provides alignment force to the liquid crystal.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 12, 2010
    Publication date: June 2, 2011
    Applicant: IUCF-HYU (Industry-University Cooperation Foundation Hanyang University)
    Inventor: Jae-Hoon KIM
  • Patent number: 7935391
    Abstract: The invention relates to a method for the radiation curing of surfaces of workpieces, wherein the workpieces are held in a multiplicity of hermetically sealable and at least partly radiation-transparent holding fixtures and are fed consecutively in a cycle to an irradiation device (26), wherein the holding fixtures with the workpieces contained therein are purged with inert gas, and before irradiation or in an irradiation station inert gas is fed into a holding fixture and the holding fixture is purged with the inert gas and the gas displaced by purging is fed to a holding fixture at a previous stage of the operating cycle, for purging of the same, and an apparatus for implementation of the method.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 16, 2007
    Date of Patent: May 3, 2011
    Assignee: Linde AG
    Inventor: Erich Wolf
  • Patent number: 7875321
    Abstract: Upon a substrate subsequent layers of elastic ink are jetted using an ink jet printing system. Each layer is immobilised by a immobilisation step before jetting the following layer. A printing relief is gradually formed to obtain a flexographic printing plate allowing accurate control over the relief and slopes of the printing plates. Use can be made of different inks or immobilisation step to obtain different layer characteristics. Inks can be immobilised using UV curing. The recorded relief of the layers can be measured and corrections can be applied using a feed-back loop. A rejuvenation process for printing plates can be constructed using the described method. An elastic base layer can be provided on the substrate to provide better plate characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 10, 2003
    Date of Patent: January 25, 2011
    Assignee: Agfa Graphics NV
    Inventors: Bart Verhoest, Bart Verlinden, Eddi Daems, Luc Leenders, Kris Vangeel, Wim Helsen
  • Publication number: 20100266801
    Abstract: A non-laminated low-emissivity window film includes a flexible polymeric substrate having a first surface and an opposed second surface. A metal-adhesion promoting layer is disposed on the first surface, a reflective metal layer is disposed on the metal adhesion-promoting layer, and a transparent polycarbonate coating is disposed on the metal layer. The window film can have an emissivity of about 0.27 to about 0.33 and a visible light transmission of at least about 17 percent.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 15, 2009
    Publication date: October 21, 2010
    Inventors: Peter Jahoda, Ricardo Romero Orozco
  • Publication number: 20100227075
    Abstract: Methods of controlling gloss of an image are disclosed. The methods may include forming an image over a substrate by applying an ink composition and optionally an overcoat composition at least partially over the substrate. The ink composition or overcoat composition may include at least one gellant, at least one curable monomer, optionally at least one curable wax and optionally at least one photoinitiator. The ink composition or overcoat composition may be curable upon exposure to radiation. The methods may further include providing a micro-roughness to one or more portions of the ink composition or overcoat composition by non-uniformly curing the ink composition or overcoat composition, and flood curing the ink composition or overcoat composition to complete a cure. The methods may thereby provide a controlled gloss level to the image.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 9, 2009
    Publication date: September 9, 2010
    Applicant: XEROX CORPORATION
    Inventors: Jennifer L. BELELIE, Michelle N. CHRETIEN, Barkev KEOSHKERIAN, Naveen CHOPRA, Peter G. ODELL, Christopher A. WAGNER
  • Publication number: 20100178508
    Abstract: The invention discloses a multilayer of cholesteric liquid crystal polymer (CLCP), wherein at least two layers of CLCP differing in at least one optical property are arranged on top of each other, characterized in that said at least two layers are chemically inter-layer cross-linked through the polymer network, such as to form a mechanically unique solid body which can be comminuted to pigment without deterioration of its inner structure, and which has an abrupt change of cholesteric liquid crystal pitch at the interface between said at least two layers of cholesteric liquid crystal polymer. Corresponding pigments, coating compositions and there use in security and decorative printing and coating applications are disclosed as well.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2007
    Publication date: July 15, 2010
    Applicant: SICPA HOLDING S.A.
    Inventors: Michael Kasch, Adolf Gurtner
  • Patent number: 7731927
    Abstract: A method by which ceramic nanowires with diameters ranging from several to several tens of nanometers can be synthesized with improvements in the shape retention of the nanowires and the yield of conversion to ceramic, which method comprises the steps of forming a thin film of a silicon-containing polymer usable as a ceramic precursor, irradiating the thin film with ion beams to form cylindrical crosslinked portions, extracting the un-crosslinked portions with a solvent to produce nanowires of the silicon-containing polymer, irradiating the nanowires with an ionizing radiation so that they are crosslinked again, and firing the re-crosslinked nanowires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 8, 2010
    Assignee: Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute
    Inventors: Masaki Sugimoto, Masahito Yoshikawa, Shuhei Seki, Satoshi Tsukuda, Seiichi Tagawa
  • Patent number: 7727927
    Abstract: Activation of a tungsten-containing catalyst using water in a PEM-type fuel cell is described as well as cathode operation of the tungsten-containing catalyst.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 1, 2010
    Assignee: Global Tungsten & Powders Corp.
    Inventor: Joel B. Christian
  • Publication number: 20100119831
    Abstract: A process includes vacuum coating a shaped profile with a UV curable coating composition and subsequently curing the coated shaped profile to form a shaped profile having a uniform coated, cured coating. The curing is carried out with a pulsed UV device operated at a pulse frequency at pulse power such that the coating composition is uniformly cured over the coated surfaces of the shaped profile. The process is carried out continuously to coat and cure a shaped profile moving lengthwise through sequentially arranged coating and curing devices. An apparatus for carrying out the process that includes a vacuum coater and a UV curing chamber.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2008
    Publication date: May 13, 2010
    Applicant: DELLE VEDOVE USA, INC.
    Inventor: Vittorio BELLUZ
  • Patent number: 7663718
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an very thin achromatic quarter wave film laminate for transflective LCD included in an LCD polarizer. More specifically, the very thin achromatic quarter wave film laminate for transflective LCD has a considerably reduced thickness, as compared to conventional quarter wave films in which anisotropic polymeric films are laminated.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 2007
    Date of Patent: February 16, 2010
    Assignee: LG Chem, Ltd.
    Inventors: Hyuk Yoon, Je-Hyuk Yoo, Moon-Soo Park
  • Publication number: 20100035082
    Abstract: There have been demands for transparent electrode materials and magnetic materials, each having a wide range of applications. In view of the situations, a novel functional device and a method for forming an oxide material are provided. A functional device includes an AlxGayInzN layer (wherein 0?x?1, 0?y?1, and 0?z?1) and an oxide material layer composed of a metal oxide and formed on the AlxGayInzN layer. The metal oxide may be TiO2. The present invention provides a functional device that includes a group III nitride layer having excellent physical and chemical properties and a film integrally formed thereon. The film reflects less light at the interface and has chemical resistance and high durability.
    Type: Application
    Filed: January 6, 2006
    Publication date: February 11, 2010
    Inventors: Taro Hitosugi, Yutaka Furubayashi, Tetsuya Hasegawa, Yasushi Hirose, Junpei Kasai, Miki Moriyama
  • Publication number: 20090176031
    Abstract: A coating system (1) for blown containers (9) made of plastic material, with high production rate and flexibility so as to allow an efficient coupling with the most advanced one-stage or blowing machines. Such coating system (1), despite its high production rate, envisages a compact global structure with low implementation costs and contained energy consumption. Along with the system, a corresponding coating process is described, which consists in the effective and rapid application of several paint layers on plastic containers (9).
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2007
    Publication date: July 9, 2009
    Inventors: Alberto Armellin, Andrea Saran, Matteo Zoppas
  • Publication number: 20090103030
    Abstract: Disclosed herein is an very thin achromatic quarter wave film laminate for transflective LCD included in an LCD polarizer. More specifically, the very thin achromatic quarter wave film laminate for transflective LCD has a considerably reduced thickness, as compared to conventional quarter wave films in which anisotropic polymeric films are laminated.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2007
    Publication date: April 23, 2009
    Applicant: LG CHEM, LTD.
    Inventors: Hyuk Yoon, Je-Hyuk Yoo, Moon-Soo Park
  • Patent number: 7510746
    Abstract: The invention is directed to a process for the production of a multi-layer coating comprising the following steps: A) applying a base coat layer of a pigmented color-imparting and/or special effect-imparting base coat composition onto a substrate precoated with at least one coating layer, B) applying a coating layer of a coating composition curable by means of high-energy radiation, wherein the coating composition comprises at least one oligomeric and/or polymeric binder curable by means of high-energy radiation and does contain low molecular weight reactive diluents curable by means of high-energy radiation, C) curing the coating layer applied in step B) by irradiation with high-energy radiation, D) applying a clear coat layer of a transparent clear coat composition curable by means of high-energy radiation which comprises low molecular weight reactive diluents curable by means of high-energy radiation and E) curing the clear coat layer applied in step D) by irradiation with high-energy radiation.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2009
    Assignee: E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company
    Inventors: Helmut Loeffler, Nadja Doerigmann, Juergen Peter Stropp
  • Publication number: 20080286482
    Abstract: Techniques comprising systems and methods for forming or pattering microstructures using microfluidics are described. A target structure can include a microchannel passage with a chamber into which a light hardenable material can be injected and selectively exposed to light to adhere to a desired location of a substrate. Unhardened material can be washed out of the chamber. One or more subsequent cycles can repeat the process using the same or a different material. A variety of composite microstructures can be created, including structures encapsulating viable living cells, such as for cell study or tissue engineering.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 1, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Inventors: Yukkee Cheung, Samuel Sia
  • Publication number: 20080286592
    Abstract: Curable coating composition suitable for use on composite substrates such as plastic composites, cementitious composites, ceramic composites, and engineered wood, or on plastic materials. The curable coating composition comprises a multifunctional oligomer, a monomer selected from the group consisting of monofunctional monomers, difunctional monomers and mixtures thereof, a photoinitiator, a polyester resin and a polycarboxylic acid. Also disclosed is a method of coating the substrates with the curable coating composition and a coated substrate wherein the cured coating resides on the surface of the substrate.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 25, 2008
    Publication date: November 20, 2008
    Applicant: Finishes Unlimited, Inc.
    Inventors: Pyotr Smelyansky, Kenneth W. Burton, JR.
  • Publication number: 20080233305
    Abstract: A method for manufacturing a coating film having a coating layer on a transparent base material. The method includes a step of forming a coated film by coating a coating liquid having a material for forming a coating layer that is curable by ultraviolet radiation on the transparent base material, and a step of irradiating the coated film composed by the coating liquid and formed on the transparent base material with pulsed ultraviolet radiation to form the coating layer.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 18, 2008
    Publication date: September 25, 2008
    Applicant: Toppan Printing Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Kazuko Murata
  • Patent number: 7399982
    Abstract: A special method is provided for more uniformly and quickly curing products with a scratch-resistant UV curable coating or UV curable printing thereon with high intensity UV light, such as for wires, cables, tubes, tubing, hoses, pipes, CDs, DVDs, golf balls, golf tees, eye glass lenses, contact lenses, string instruments, decorative labels, peelable labels, peelable stamps, doors, countertops, etc. The method can also be operated with one or more special UV curing apparatus equipped with a controller and one or more super high power UV-LED modules.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 20, 2005
    Date of Patent: July 15, 2008
    Assignee: Con-Trol-Cure, Inc
    Inventor: Stephen B. Siegel
  • Publication number: 20080166494
    Abstract: Methods of forming patterned coatings are disclosed. The methods include the steps of disposing a composition onto a substrate to form a liquid coating on the substrate and removing or providing energy through a first pattern of areas on the liquid coating to form a topographically patterned coating, the topographical pattern corresponding to the first pattern of areas.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 9, 2006
    Publication date: July 10, 2008
    Inventors: Peter E. Price, William B. Kolb, Mikhail L. Pekurovsky, Steven D. Solomonson, Mitchell A.F. Johnson
  • Patent number: 7390840
    Abstract: An active ray curable composition, including an epoxy compound which is represented by Formula (A) and an oxetane compound, The active ray curable compound exhibiting a viscosity of 1 to 500 mPa·s at 25° C.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2005
    Date of Patent: June 24, 2008
    Assignee: Konica Minolta Medical & Graphic, Inc.
    Inventors: Masato Nishizeki, Norio Miura, Kimihiko Ookubo, Takeshi Kurata