Resistance Or Induction Heat-initiated Polymerization Patents (Class 427/522)
  • Patent number: 9257300
    Abstract: A method for etching features into an etch layer disposed below a patterned mask is provided. At least three cycles are provided, where each cycle comprises providing an ion bombardment, by creating a plasma, of the etch layer to create activated sites of surface radicals in parts of the etch layer exposed by the patterned mask, extinguishing the plasma, exposing the etch layer to a plurality of fluorocarbon containing molecules, which causes the fluorocarbon containing molecules to selectively bind to the activated sites, wherein the selective binding is self limiting, and providing an ion bombardment of the etch layer to initiate an etch reaction between the fluorocarbon containing molecule and the etch layer, wherein the ion bombardment of the etch layer to initiate an etch reaction causes the formation of volatile etch products formed from the etch layer and the fluorocarbon containing molecule.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: February 9, 2016
    Assignee: Lam Research Corporation
    Inventors: Ranadeep Bhowmick, Eric A. Hudson
  • Publication number: 20150130327
    Abstract: A method of producing a fully active multilayer element including producing a fully active stack, and optionally sintering of the fully active stack or a green precursor thereof; applying outer electrodes onto sides A? and C? of the fully active stack and contacting of the uncoated inner electrodes so that the two outer electrodes electrically connect to the uncoated inner electrode layers.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 22, 2013
    Publication date: May 14, 2015
    Applicant: EPCOS AG
    Inventors: Franz Rinner, Dieter Somitsch
  • Publication number: 20140160633
    Abstract: Provided is a method for forming a capacitor. The method includes: providing an anode with a dielectric thereon and a conductive node in electrical contact with the anode; applying a conductive seed layer on the dielectric; forming a conductive bridge between the conductive seed layer and the conductive node; applying voltage to the anode; electrochemically polymerizing a monomer thereby forming an electrically conducting polymer of monomer on the conductive seed layer; and disrupting the conductive bridge between the conductive seed layer and the conductive node.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 18, 2014
    Publication date: June 12, 2014
    Applicant: Kemet Electronics Corporation
    Inventors: Jeffrey Poltorak, Brandon K. Summey, Yongjian Qiu
  • Patent number: 8475596
    Abstract: An apparatus for processing coating material includes a crucible having a receptacle for receiving coating material, a drive member having a drive shaft, a cover coupled to the drive shaft, and a flame nozzle opposing the receptacle. The cover includes an inner chamber, a first through hole and a number of second through holes. The first through hole and the second through holes communicate with the inner chamber. The cover has a flat surface with the second through holes exposed at the flat surface. The drive shaft drives the cover to rotate between a closed position where the cover covers the receptacle and the flat surface presses against the coating material to flatten the coating material, and an open position where the cover is moved away from the receptacle. The flame nozzle sprays flame from the second through holes through the first through hole to heat the coating material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 24, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shao-Kai Pei
  • Patent number: 8119740
    Abstract: The invention describes curable liquid acryloyl group containing compositions, which are produced by reacting monofunctional vinyl compounds and multifunctional acrylic esters with ?-dicarbonyl group containing compounds having two activated hydrogen atoms in its methylene position. These material can be polymerized or crosslinked by free radical polymerization, UV (ultraviolet) or electron-beam radiation. The curable liquid compositions are suitable for producing curable coatings, printing inks, adhesives, or molding compositions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2003
    Date of Patent: February 21, 2012
    Assignee: Sun Chemical Corporation
    Inventors: Artur Lachowicz, Kai-Uwe Gaudl, Steven H. Nahm, Gerwald F. Grahe
  • Patent number: 8007873
    Abstract: The present invention discloses a method for producing coated film, comprising the following procedures of: coating water-based macromolecular emulsion on the surface of a film substrate, drying the film substrate coated with emulsion with microwave, and then curing the dried film to make the coating crystallize homogeneously. The coated films produced with that method are tolerant to friction and are featured with strong resistance to scraping, high tensility, high contractility, excellent antistatic property, low surface friction factor, perfect glossiness, high oxygen and water obstruction property, and low production cost, and are especially suitable for producing high-performance thermal contracting coated films. The contracting films produced with the method may be used as esthetic and abrasion-resistant wrapping material and may help to extend quality guarantee period of articles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2004
    Date of Patent: August 30, 2011
    Assignee: Hainan Shiner Industrial Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Wenbo Xie, Fen Fu
  • Patent number: 7695773
    Abstract: The present invention relates to powder compositions curable by ultraviolet irradiation or by accelerated electron beams. These powder compositions comprise at least one ethylenically unsaturated resin, and lend to the production of paint and varnish coatings exhibiting a unique combination of properties, inter alia good flow and mechanical properties and above all outstanding adhesion to metal substrates, persisting on ageing.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2005
    Date of Patent: April 13, 2010
    Assignee: CYTEC Surface Specialties, S.A.
    Inventors: Luc Moens, Nele Knoops, Daniel Maetens
  • Publication number: 20080202623
    Abstract: The present invention generally relates to an insulated electrically conductive textile comprising a textile selected from the group consisting of nonwoven, woven, and knit comprising nonconductive fibers or yarns and at least 1 elongated conductive element and either another elongated conductive element or another conductive body. The conductive bodies cross at a point to form an electrical junction that is covered with an insulating coating. The insulating coating is substantially located only on the conductive bodies and is substantially continuous along the outer perimeter of the elongated conductive elements.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 22, 2007
    Publication date: August 28, 2008
    Inventors: Alfred R. DeAngelis, Elizabeth Cates
  • Patent number: 7348374
    Abstract: According to the present invention, powder coating compositions comprise one or more than one thermoplastic or thermosetting polymer or resin and one or more than one finely divided magnetic material, such as a ferromagnetic material. Preferred magnetic materials include Ni1?xZnxFe2O4 compounds, wherein 0.4?X?0.75, piezoelectric compounds, ferrimagnetic ?FeOOH, Fe—Ni—B, Cu2MnIn, transparent polymer-Cobalt oxide nanocomposites and soft ferrites. In addition, the present invention provides methods of making powder coatings on a substrate comprising applying to a substrate a resinous powder coating composition comprising one or more than one magnetic material to form a powder coating layer, followed by induction heating to melt the applied powder coating to form a coating film and, optionally, to cure the powder coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 5, 2004
    Date of Patent: March 25, 2008
    Assignee: Rohm and Haas Company
    Inventor: Franco Martinazzo
  • Patent number: 6861103
    Abstract: Nitroxide mediated free radical polymerization of vaporized vinyl monomers, including acrylic acid (AAc), styrene (St), N-2-(hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) and N-isopropyl acrylamide (NIPAAm), on silicon wafers is demonstrated. FTIR, ellipsometry and contact angle goniometry were used to characterize the chemical structures, thickness and hydrophilicity of the films. The growth of film is linearly proportional to its reaction time, leading to the easy and exact control of polymer film thickness from nanometers to submicrons. The capability of polymerizing various monomers allows us to fabricate various functional polymer brushes. The reversible thermo-responsiveness of a 200 nm thick grafted poly(NIPAAm) film in aqueous solution is demonstrated with over 50% change in thickness at its lower critical solution temperature. A tri-block copolymer of poly(AAc)-b-polySt-b-poly(HPMA) is successfully synthesized, proving the renewability of TEMPO-mediated polymerization at vapor phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2003
    Date of Patent: March 1, 2005
    Assignee: The Regents of the University of California
    Inventors: Ying Chih Chang, Jun Li, Xiaoru Chen
  • Patent number: 6426124
    Abstract: A processed fiber is used to distribute energy from an electromagnetic (EM) energy source to a material in which the fiber is embedded. The electromagnetic energy source supplies electromagnetic energy to the fiber and the fibers emit portions of the EM energy along the length of the fiber. The sealant material absorbs a quantity of the electromagnetic energy sufficient to cure the sealant material and propagates excess electromagnetic energy through the sealant material without significant additional absorption. This prevents the sealant material from over-curing. Additionally, a fully cured material can be used to generate thermal energy and thereby serve as a heat blanket that can be used to de-ice aircraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 22, 2001
    Date of Patent: July 30, 2002
    Assignee: Sikorsky Aircraft Corporation
    Inventors: Elliot F. Olster, Dennis Joseph Peterlin, Thomas Dannenhoffer
  • Patent number: 6284050
    Abstract: An ultraviolet-assisted chemical vapor deposition system for improving the adhesion, hardness, and thermal stability of organic polymer films deposited on semiconductor wafers is provided. The system includes an ultraviolet lamp and a tube-shaped monomer distribution system positioned over the wafer allowing ultraviolet irradiation of the wafer before, during and/or after deposition. Processes for depositing organic polymer films on semiconductor wafers are also provided. The processes include one or more depositions, one or more ultraviolet exposures, and one or more anneals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 18, 1998
    Date of Patent: September 4, 2001
    Assignee: Novellus Systems, Inc.
    Inventors: Jianou Shi, James C. Mitchener
  • Patent number: 6274203
    Abstract: Artificial leather can be produced, without using any organic solvent, by coating or impregnating a fibrous base material to be formed into artificial leather with a polymer solution in the form of an aqueous emulsion, in which the polymer exhibits elasticity when it is solidified and adhered to the base material; and then solidifying and adhering or fixed, in the fibrous base material, the polymer solution contained in the base material using a combination of wet heat (using the heat of water vapor) and microwave heating. Therefore, the method is not harmful to the environment and permits the reduction of the degree of migration as compared with the conventional methods in which the solidification and adhesion or fixation are performed by dry heating while making use of hot air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 10, 1999
    Date of Patent: August 14, 2001
    Assignees: Ichikintechnical Co., LTD, Tradik Co. LTD
    Inventors: Hiroshi Kawaguchi, Toshiki Igarashi
  • Patent number: 6153270
    Abstract: A process of applying an inorganic coating to an electrically conducting body, in particular a metallic workpiece, is characterized with respect to a precisely controllable temperature variation with short temperature changes in an economical and energy-saving operation in that the body first undergoes a preparation. Thereafter, if need be, the body is degreased and/or chemically pretreated and/or blasted. Subsequently, a coating medium is applied to at least the surface region of the body being coated. Then, at least the surface region of the body being coated is heated by induction to a reaction temperature before and/or while and/or after applying the coating medium. Finally, the coating medium is fully reacted to a coating, whereupon the body undergoes a cooling.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 13, 1999
    Date of Patent: November 28, 2000
    Assignee: Ewald Dorken AG
    Inventors: Horst Russmann, Thomas Kruse, Hans-Detlef Hinz
  • Patent number: 6045877
    Abstract: Provided are pyrolytic chemical vapor deposition techniques for producing thin silicone-like films by way of processes that eliminate electron impact, ion bombardment, and UV irradiation events. To form a silicone film on a surface of a structure in accordance with the invention, the structure surface is exposed to a substantially electrically neutral reactive gaseous phase that includes organosilicon molecular fragments, while the structure surface is maintained substantially at a temperature lower than that of the reactive gaseous phase. An organosilicon compound is exposed to a pyrolyzing environment, where the conditions of the pyrolyzing environment are characterized as producing, in the vicinity of the structure surface, a substantially electrically neutral reactive gaseous phase that includes organosilicon molecular fragments. The structure surface is maintained substantially at a temperature lower than that of the pyrolyzing environment.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1998
    Date of Patent: April 4, 2000
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Karen K. Gleason, Michael C. Kwan
  • Patent number: 5965256
    Abstract: A multi-layered film disposed on a substrate, the multi-layered film comprising:(a) an interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) layer; and(b) at least one fluoro-containing polymer layer;wherein the fluoro-containing polymer layer comprises a perfluoro-acrylate homo-or copolymer, or a perfluoro-vinyl non-acrylate homo-or copolymer. The substrate can be a cured adhesive, preferably a cured pressure-sensitive adhesive (PSA), in which case the fluoro-containing polymer layer is typically situated between the PSA layer and the IPN layer. Alternatively, the substrate can be a surface to be protected from exposure to weather, chemical exposure, graffiti, or the like, such as, for example, a vehicle such as an automobile, a truck, a boat, or an aircraft; an outdoor sign; or a building exterior.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 14, 1997
    Date of Patent: October 12, 1999
    Assignee: Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company
    Inventor: Denise A. Barrera
  • Patent number: 5888591
    Abstract: Provided are methods for forming a fluorocarbon polymer thin film on the surface of a structure. In one method, a monomer gas is exposed to a source of heat having a temperature sufficient to pyrolyze the monomer gas and produce a source of reactive CF.sub.2 species in the vicinity of the structure surface. The structure surface is maintained substantially at a temperature lower than that of the heat source to induce deposition and polymerization of the CF.sub.2 species on the structure surface. In another method for forming a fluorocarbon polymer thin film, the structure is exposed to a plasma environment in which a monomer gas is ionized to produce reactive CF.sub.2 species. The plasma environment is produced by application to the monomer gas of plasma excitation power characterized by an excitation duty cycle having alternating intervals in which excitation power is applied and in which no excitation power is applied to the monomer gas.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 6, 1996
    Date of Patent: March 30, 1999
    Assignee: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Karen K. Gleason, Scott J.H. Limb, Edward F. Gleason, Herbert H. Sawin, David J. Edell
  • Patent number: 5753317
    Abstract: A process for preparing coatings or layers containing a fluorinated carbon filled fluoroelastomer wherein the resistivity of the fluorinated carbon filled fluoroelastomer is controlled.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 1997
    Date of Patent: May 19, 1998
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Kock-Yee Law, Ihor W. Tarnawskyj, Martin A. Abkowitz, Frederick E. Knier, Jr., Joseph Mammino
  • Patent number: 5693375
    Abstract: A method for transferring ink on a plate onto a material to be printed by a printing method involves the steps of: providing the ink at predetermined positions on the plate, the ink being sensitive to a field to increase its viscosity so as to have a solidified state or a semi-solidified state; applying the field to the ink to maintain configuration of the ink provided at the predetermined positions on the plate; and transferring the ink onto the material to be printed while maintaining the ink in the solidified or semi-solidified state.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 1995
    Date of Patent: December 2, 1997
    Assignee: Nippon Oil Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Hisatake Sato, Makoto Sasaki
  • Patent number: 5466492
    Abstract: Process for fixing wound items made from electrically conductive materials by impregnation with radically polymerisable compositions and thermal curing characterised in that the wound items are impregnated by immersion impregnation, flow coating, vacuum impregnation, vacuum pressure impregnation or trickle impregnation and that simultaneously with or after thermal curing the wound articles are cured by high-energy radiation. The process operates with low energy requirements and low emissions of volatile substances. Radically curable compositions are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1994
    Date of Patent: November 14, 1995
    Assignee: Herberts GmbH
    Inventors: Gerhard Kie.beta.ling, Raimund Pillath, Stefan Reuther, Anja Richter
  • Patent number: 5456953
    Abstract: A bake hardenable steel sheet ready for deep drawing is coated on at least one side with a continuous chromium bearing epoxy coating. The sheet is roll coated with continuous liquid film containing at least 2 wt. % of a water dispersible or emulsifiable epoxy resin or a mixture of resins containing the epoxy resin, at least 0.5 wt. % of a chromium compound and 25-97 wt. % of water. The liquid coated sheet is induction heated at a temperature of 149-227.degree. C. for sufficient time to form a coating resistant to dissolution of chromium and a steel base metal having a yield point elongation no greater than 0.3% and retaining good bake hardenability characteristics. The chromium bearing epoxy coating is impervious to moisture, can readily be welded and possesses sufficient toughness and lubricity to allow deformation of the sheet without additional external lubricant. A deeply drawn article formed from the sheet has enhanced painting characteristics.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 26, 1993
    Date of Patent: October 10, 1995
    Assignee: Armco Steel Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Cynthia A. Gosselin, Frederick A. Myers
  • Patent number: 5409739
    Abstract: A process for producing an essentially monolayer coating of crosslinked polymer on a substrate, in which a block copolymer is introduced into a semi-solvent which solvates only one block of the copolymer, the resultant block copolymer semi-solution is contacted with a substrate, and the copolymer is then crosslinked.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 17, 1993
    Date of Patent: April 25, 1995
    Assignee: University Technologies International Inc.
    Inventor: Guojun Liu
  • Patent number: 5368884
    Abstract: The present invention has as its object providing a solder mask which permits high density mounting, is suitable for protecting conductor circuits, particularly has mask thickness on the circuit parts and each edge part of the circuits which make almost no difference from those on other parts, and is excellent in electrical insulation, heat resistance and solvent resistance.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 9, 1993
    Date of Patent: November 29, 1994
    Assignee: Nippon Paint Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yoshikazu Yamagami, Akio Kashihara, Mamoru Seio, Hisaki Tanabe
  • Patent number: 5248528
    Abstract: Zinc or zinc alloy plated steel sheet ready for deep drawing coated with 1-5 gm/m.sup.2 of a dry, tack free continuous thermoplastic acrylic coating. The coating is formed by inductively heating the sheet to a temperature of about 149.degree.-246.degree. C. for no more than 10 seconds after being roll coated with a continuous liquid film of an aqueous solution including an acrylic polymer. The acrylic coating forms a protective film that is impervious to moisture, oil, and dirt, is able to be welded and adhesively bonded and possesses sufficient toughness and lubricity to allow deformation of the sheet without additional external lubricant. A deep drawn article formed from the sheet has enhanced painting characteristics after the acrylic coating is removed and the article is coated with a phosphate coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 22, 1992
    Date of Patent: September 28, 1993
    Assignee: Armco Steel Company, L.P.
    Inventors: Douglas J. Robbins, Cynthia A. Gosselin, Frederick A. Myers
  • Patent number: 5227202
    Abstract: In a plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition method, in order to achieve greater space for positioning workpieces to be coated simultaneously and essentially identically on all sides, the workpiece are positioned at a distance from one electrode on the basis of a coating rate gradient.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 27, 1992
    Date of Patent: July 13, 1993
    Assignee: Balzers Aktiengesellschaft
    Inventors: Francis Thiebaud, Heinrich Zimmermann