Including Structurally Defined Particulate Matter Patents (Class 428/372)
  • Patent number: 11434972
    Abstract: A passive lockable strut is presented. The passive lockable strut comprises a first end; a second end; a fluid chamber between and connected to the first end and the second end; and a fluid within the fluid chamber, wherein the fluid is configured to activate the passive lockable strut to place the passive lockable strut in a locked condition in response to a change in an operating condition applied to the passive lockable strut.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 6, 2022
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Tony Di Carlo, Raul Tomuta
  • Patent number: 11424654
    Abstract: Various embodiments include a sprayable formulation for production of a multilayer insulation for an electrical machine, especially a rotating electrical machine in the high-voltage or mid-voltage sector, for example a generator, transformer, which is subjected to higher rated voltages at operating voltages, i.e., for example, over and above 1 kV or more. The invention also relates to an electrical machine comprising such an insulation; the invention finally relates to a method of producing the multilayer insulation. This comprises spraying of various formulations with or without intermediate, especially metallic, interfaces and is automatable.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 7, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 23, 2022
    Inventors: Jürgen Huber, Steffen Lang, Niels Müller, Igor Ritberg, Matthias Übler
  • Patent number: 11291296
    Abstract: Example aspects of a mixture for coating a brush fiber, a cosmetic brush, and a method for manufacturing a coated brush fiber are disclosed. The method for manufacturing a coated brush fiber can comprise idling an uncoated brush fiber in a mixer containing crystal particles; introducing a resin into the mixer; heating and agitating the resin and crystal particles within the mixer to form a mixture; and coating the uncoated brush fiber with the mixture to form a coated brush fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2019
    Date of Patent: April 5, 2022
    Assignee: Anisa International, Inc.
    Inventor: Anisa Telwar Kaicker
  • Patent number: 11213777
    Abstract: A filter may remove PM2.5 and/or other airborne pollutants, which filter has fibers of an average diameter of no more than 500 nm, the fibers of at least 90 wt. % polyacrylonitrile, relative to all fibers in the filter; and a catalyst of at least 90 wt. % TiO2, relative to all catalytic metals in the filter, dispersed onto the fibers. The fibers need not be charged. The TiO2 may be condensed or precipitated onto the fibers out of a liquid containing the TiO2 and the fibers by simple methods. The catalyst may be activated by UV irradiation to decompose particulate matter having an average particle size of 2.5 ?m or less, i.e., PM2.5, and/or other airborne pollutants from air. Such filters may be implemented around areas of vehicle traffic, e.g., as elements of traffic lights, and may be used to controllably purify polluted air.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2019
    Date of Patent: January 4, 2022
    Assignee: Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University
    Inventor: Khaled Fikry Salama
  • Patent number: 11123937
    Abstract: Disclosed is a retro-reflective thread 100 including an internal section 10; a plurality of fibers 12, each fiber comprising a respective longitudinal axis and a respective surface and each fiber comprising a first material that is at least partially optically transmissive, and wherein said plurality of fibers are configured with their respective longitudinal axes substantially co-linearly aligned with one another and said plurality of fibers are interconnected in series around said internal section and wherein a first part 12b of said respective surface of each of said plurality of fibers faces into said internal section; and a reflective material 14 provided on said first part of said respective surface of each of said plurality of fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 20, 2019
    Date of Patent: September 21, 2021
    Assignee: U.S. Government as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventors: Michael Ghebrebrhan, Landa Hoke
  • Patent number: 11105998
    Abstract: Embodiments of an optical fiber cable are provided. The cable includes a cable jacket and at least one buffer tube. Each buffer tube surrounds a plurality of optical fibers. The cable jacket surrounds the at least one buffer tube. Further, a coating of superabsorbent, swellable hot melt is applied to at least one of the following locations: (i) along at least a portion of the length of at least one of the plurality of optical fibers; (ii) along at least a portion of the length of the exterior or interior surface of the at least one buffer tube; or (iii) along at least a portion of the length of the interior surface of the cable jacket. Moreover, the superabsorbent, swellable hot melt is capable of absorbing at least 50 g of water per gram of superabsorbent, swellable hot melt.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2019
    Date of Patent: August 31, 2021
    Inventors: Dana Craig Bookbinder, Ruchi Tandon
  • Patent number: 11075380
    Abstract: A system and method for an energy storage device including a first electrode and a second electrode; the second electrode including a cobalt based compound; and an electrolyte disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2018
    Date of Patent: July 27, 2021
    Assignee: City University of Hong Kong
    Inventors: Chunyi Zhi, Longtao Ma
  • Patent number: 10954609
    Abstract: This invention relates to a yarn, and a process for making the yarn, the yarn comprising a plurality of spun filaments having a distinct, continuous, uniform-density sheath of a first polymer surrounding a distinct, continuous core of a second polymer; the first polymer further having a thermal decomposition temperature at least 50 degrees Celsius lower than the thermal decomposition temperature of the second polymer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 13, 2016
    Date of Patent: March 23, 2021
    Inventors: Mark T. Aronson, Alicia Marie Castagna, Joseph D Trentacosta, Paul Douglas Stull
  • Patent number: 10947665
    Abstract: The present disclosure refers to a cork yarn, in particular a yarn with incorporated cork, textile structures comprising said yarn, obtention method and uses thereof. The cork yarn described in the present disclosure is useful to the textile and clothing industry, and can be applied extensively in the textile industry namely in the manufacture of fabrics for clothing and home textiles, in particular technical clothing, duvets, blankets, covers, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 30, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 16, 2021
    Inventors: Ana Florinda Morim Figueiredo Ramôa, Maria Da Graça Correia De Oliveira Bonifácio Sotto Mayor Pizarro, José De Almeida Morgado, Sónia Oliveira Prozil, Manuel Fernando Ribeiro Pereira, Olívia Salomé Gonçalves Pinto Soares, Patricia Sofia Ferreira Ramalho, Carlos Alberto Mendes Pinto De Sá, Vera Lúcia Regadas Pinto De Sá, Sandra Gabriela Coutos Dos Santos Ventura, João Silva Abreu
  • Patent number: 10882973
    Abstract: In order to provide a polyurethane yarn having exceptional performance in terms of resistance to chlorine embrittlement essentially without the use of zinc, which is a heavy metal, and having advantageous application particularly in swimwear; as well as a fabric and article of swimwear using the polyurethane yarn, the present invention is a polyurethane yarn characterized in containing a partially hindered phenol compound having at least one partially hindered hydroxyphenyl group and a molecular weight of 300 or more, and a synthetic carbonate comprising one metal selected from the group consisting of alkali metals and alkaline-earth metals. The polyurethane yarn and other fibers are combined to yield a fabric and article of swimwear.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 12, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 5, 2021
    Assignee: TorayOpelontexCo., Ltd.
    Inventors: Katsuya Suzuki, Toshihiro Tanaka
  • Patent number: 10760186
    Abstract: A bi-component continuous filament has a sheath-core arrangement including a first polymer component forming a sheath and including a polyamide, a polyolefin, or a polyester; a second polymer component forming a core and including a polyamide, a polyolefin, or a polyester; and a binding agent adhering the first polymer component to the second polymer component along a length of the filament such that the filament has a generally uniform cross-sectional shape along the length. The binding agent preferably includes a polyolefin modified by an acid anhydride. Articles made from such bi-component continuous filaments include, for example, bulk continuous filament (BCF) fibers and floor coverings, such as mats, rugs, and carpets.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 31, 2017
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2020
    Assignee: Welspun Flooring Limited
    Inventors: Dipali Goenka, Utpal Haldar
  • Patent number: 10584219
    Abstract: A composite is prepared through extrusion by supplying a thermoplastic resin to a main feeder, followed by supplying a plurality of carbon fiber groups to a side feeder, wherein the carbon fiber groups include a plurality of carbon fiber single yarns having a length of about 6 cm to about 8 cm and unidirectionally aligned.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 26, 2017
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2020
    Assignee: Lotte Advanced Materials Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Yun Seok Bae, Kyun Ha Ban, Kee Hae Kwon
  • Patent number: 10332650
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a carbon-metal composite and a method for preparing carbon-metal composite, and more particularly to a method for preparing carbon-metal composite, which: is capable of reducing graphene oxide; which is capable of decreasing the steps and the time for hybridization of graphene which is obtained from the reduction, graphene or carbon nanotube, with metal; which is done under mild condition and; also which is capable of lowering resistivity of the carbon-metal composite. The method for preparing the carbon-metal composite comprises the steps of: reacting a composition containing a carbon compound selected from a group consisting of graphene, graphene oxide and carbon nanotube, a metallic precursor, a reducing agent and a solvent; and removing solvent partially or wholly from the composition reaction-completed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 24, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Inventors: Seon Yeong Gong, Soo Yeon Lee, Hyeonseong Choe, Chongchan Lee
  • Patent number: 10329367
    Abstract: In some aspects, polymeric yarns and communications cables incorporating the same are provided herein. Additionally, in some aspects, methods of producing polymeric yarns and communications cables incorporating the same are provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 25, 2016
    Date of Patent: June 25, 2019
    Assignee: Cable Components Group, LLC
    Inventors: Charles A. Glew, David M. Braun
  • Patent number: 10301751
    Abstract: An electronically functional yarn comprises a plurality of carrier fibers (6) forming a core with a series of electronic devices (2) mounted on the core with conductive interconnects (8) extending along the core. A plurality of packing fibers (10) are disposed around the core, the devices and the interconnects, and a retaining sleeve (12) is disposed around the packing fibers. The core, the devices and the interconnects are confined within the plurality of packing fibers retained in the sleeve. In the manufacture of the yarn the electronic devices with interconnects coupled thereto in sequence are mounted on the core; the carrier fibers with the mounted devices and interconnects are fed centrally through a channel with packing fibers around the sides thereof to form a fiber assembly around the core, which is fed into a sleeve forming unit in which a sleeve is formed around the assembly to form the composite yarn.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 4, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2019
    Assignee: Nottingham Trent University
    Inventors: Tilak Kithsiri Dias, Anura Rathnayake
  • Patent number: 10286476
    Abstract: The embodiments relate to a method for additive manufacturing of a component made from a metal matrix composite for a vehicle. In a step of the method, a plurality of elongated filaments is provided. In another step, metallic powder is provided. In a further step, the metal matrix composite component is additively manufactured by melting the metallic powder.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 17, 2016
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2019
    Inventors: Christiane Wendt, Thorsten Michael Wienberg
  • Patent number: 10179074
    Abstract: A method (400) of manufacturing a wound dressing includes obtaining alginate fibers (108) and the step (404) of spraying either the alginate fibers (108) or a dressing or dressing layer (610) of the alginate fibers with an aqueous solution (801) comprising a polysaccharide, which can be carboxymethylcellulose. The step of spraying can occur while the alginate fibers, dressing, or dressing layer are wet. A step (405) of flash drying can follow to remove the solute of the aqueous solution to leave the polysaccharide along the alginate. The step of spraying can be selective, such that only portions of the dressing layer include the polysaccharide.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 16, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 15, 2019
    Assignee: Medline Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Debashish Chakravarthy
  • Patent number: 10100441
    Abstract: This invention provides a thermal bonding conjugate fiber having excellent compression resistance and nonwoven fabric using the same. Particularly, the nonwoven fabric retains bulkiness obtained under a light load even under a heavy load and reduces a decrease in bulkiness from under a light load to under a heavy load. The thermal bonding conjugate fiber has an eccentric core-sheath structure in which a first component including a polyester resin constitutes a core and a second component including a polyolefin resin having a melting point at least 15° C. lower than that of the polyester resin constitutes a sheath, and a shrinkage ratio of the conjugate fiber after a heat treatment of 120° C. is at least 20%. The nonwoven fabric is obtained by blending the thermal bonding conjugate fiber at a blend ratio of 10 to 60 wt % with one or more types of different thermal bonding fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 27, 2010
    Date of Patent: October 16, 2018
    Assignees: ES FiberVisions CO., LTD., ES FiberVisions Hong Kong Limited, ES FiberVisions LP, ES FiberVisions ApS
    Inventors: Tomoaki Suzuki, Shingo Horiuchi
  • Patent number: 10081887
    Abstract: Flexible electronically functional fabrics are described that allow for the placement of electronic functionality in flexible substrates such as traditional fabrics. The fabrics can be made using flexible electronically functional fibers or a combination of electronically functional fibers and textile fibers. Electronic devices can be incorporated into the fabric to give it full computing capabilities.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: September 25, 2018
    Inventors: Sasikanth Manipatruni, Shawna M. Liff, Brian S. Doyle, Vivek K. Singh
  • Patent number: 9966164
    Abstract: The present invention provides an insulated coated wire comprising a wire, a wire coating layer disposed around the wire, and a wire adhesive layer disposed around the wire coating layer, wherein the wire coating layer is of one type of or a combination of two or more types of a fluorine resin, a polyamide-imide resin and a low dielectric polyimide resin having a relative permittivity of less than 3.6 at 10 GHz, and a multi-wire wiring board using the insulated coated wire.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: May 8, 2018
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Yamaguchi, Haruo Ogino, Seiichi Kurihara
  • Patent number: 9777143
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to an article of manufacture, which can be a fiber and or a film. In one aspect, the fiber or the film comprises a polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) and an inorganic filler comprising particles having an average diameter of less than about 20 micrometers. The PVOH has a degree of hydrolysis of greater than about 95% and is present in a range between about 20 wt. % and about 99 wt. % based on the total fiber weight. Methods of making the fibers and films are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 3, 2017
    Assignee: Georgia-Pacific Consumer Products LP
    Inventors: Daniel W. Sumnicht, Thomas Schulze, Frank-Gunther Niemz
  • Patent number: 9734938
    Abstract: Devices and systems for obtaining conductance data and methods of manufacturing and using the same. In at least one embodiment of a device of the present disclosure, the device is an elongated body with at least one groove defined therein, the at least one groove configured to receive one or more conductor wires therein. In another embodiment, the device is an elongated core body having a plurality of conductive elements positioned thereon and a coating to result in a device having an overall round-cross section.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 15, 2017
    Assignee: 3DT Holdings, LLC
    Inventors: Ghassan S. Kassab, Mark Svendsen, William Combs, Kevin Mauser, John Browder, Lynette Peters
  • Patent number: 9475260
    Abstract: A sound insulation device (D) includes at least three layers: a first layer (1), facing a sound source to be blocked, comprising a blackout cloth with a weight greater than 250 g/m2, a second layer (2) including a metalized cloth, a metalized face (2a) of the cloth being disposed in contact with the first layer, a third layer (3) including a brushed cotton cloth having a weight greater than 250 g/m2, disposed in contact with the second layer (2) on the side opposite the first layer (1), the metalized cloth being produced by in vacuo metallization of a woven substrate previously calendered by the application of a compression force.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2013
    Date of Patent: October 25, 2016
    Inventor: Jean-Claude Brunswick
  • Patent number: 9469923
    Abstract: A method of producing synthetic yarn having copper properties is described. The method providing: applying a copper additive to a partially oriented yarn (POY) during one or more finishing processes of the POY to produce a copper enhanced POY having copper on the surface of the fibers of the copper enhanced POY.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 18, 2016
    Inventor: Richard F. Rudinger
  • Patent number: 9463669
    Abstract: Provided is a tire whose durability is improved by using, as a reinforcing member, a polyester cord having an improved heat resistant adhesive property to rubber. Provided is a tire in which a rubber-cord complex composed of a polyester cord and a rubber is used as a reinforcing member. The polyester cord is formed by twisting polyester filaments, and then subjecting the twisted filaments to an adhesive agent treatment. The polyester filament is made of a polyester fiber which is composed of a polyester having ethylene terephthalate as a main repeating unit and having an intrinsic viscosity of 0.85 or higher, wherein the amount of terminal carboxy group in the fiber is 20 equivalent/ton or larger, the long period according to small-angle X-ray diffraction is 9 to 12 nm, and a surface treatment agent having an epoxy group is attached to the surface of the fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 11, 2016
    Inventors: Hiroyuki Yokokura, Daisuke Ozaki, Shintaro Shimada, Fuyuki Terasaka
  • Patent number: 9458317
    Abstract: A resin composition includes a polyester resin, a polycarbonate resin, a flame retardant, and an inorganic fiber coated with a fluorine resin, wherein a weight ratio of a content of the polyester resin and a content of the polycarbonate resin is in a range of 5:95 to 50:50.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2015
    Date of Patent: October 4, 2016
    Assignee: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventor: Yuto Hanioka
  • Patent number: 9408483
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a manufacturing method for a non-powered energy layer, wherein the non-powered energy layer is adapted for being a warming layer of a bedquilt. When a user is covered with the bedquilt using the non-powered energy layer as the warming layer, the non-powered energy layer would emit a far-infrared ray, such that the far-infrared ray would excite the user's skin, so as to make the microvascular dilation and promote the blood circulation and metabolism of user body. Besides being used as the warming layer, the non-powered energy layer can also be applied as inner layers of a mattress or a U-shaped neck bolster. Moreover, through the proof of experiment results, this non-powered energy layer would not over excite human skin when it is in long-term use, and the non-powered energy layer would not bring about allergies, itchiness or swelling in human skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2015
    Date of Patent: August 9, 2016
    Inventor: Ten-Show Liang
  • Patent number: 9394630
    Abstract: An artificial leather is provided having a raised nap to give an elegant appearance, and further has a good pilling-resistance without affecting the spinning performance. The pilling-resistant artificial leather is a sheet-form object including a microfiber having a monofilament diameter of 0.3 to 10 ?m and a polymeric elastomer, and having a raised nap made of the microfiber. The microfiber includes inorganic particles in a proportion of 0.01 to 5% by mass relative to 100% by mass of the microfiber, and a silicone oil in a proportion of 0.001 to 1% by mass relative to 100% by mass of the microfiber. The microfiber contains a polyester microfiber in a proportion of 90% by mass or more thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: July 19, 2016
    Assignee: Toray Industries, Inc.
    Inventors: Satoshi Yanagisawa, Hisashi Murahara, Katsufumi Yanai
  • Patent number: 9351883
    Abstract: A hemostatic pad comprising a bioabsorbable scaffolding material; a lyophilized thrombin powder, a lyophilized fibrinogen powder, and a meltable binder powder, with all powders disposed on the bioabsorbable scaffolding material. A meltable binder such as PEG bonds the lyophilized thrombin powder and the lyophilized fibrinogen powder to the bioabsorbable scaffolding material for improved friability, wettability and performance in a use, such as for hemostatic treatment or sealing at a wound site.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 8, 2015
    Date of Patent: May 31, 2016
    Assignee: Ethicon, Inc.
    Inventors: Aaron D. Pesnell, Gerard Llanos
  • Patent number: 9198462
    Abstract: The various embodiments herein provide an electrospun fiber mat filter comprising a cigarette filter containing macrocycle for removing toxic compounds from a toxic material, wherein the toxic material comprises liquid, gas, and cigarette smoke and a method of synthesizing the same. The electrospun fiber mat cigarette filter comprises a biological, organic or synthetic macrocycle, plurality of additives, a solvent and an acceptable polymeric carrier. The biological macromolecules are engineered polyhemoglobin and/or chlorophyll. The biological, organic, or synthetic macrocycle are electrospun with the acceptable polymeric carrier in presence of an abruptly asymmetric electric field to form an electrospun fiber mat. The electrospun fiber mat is made up of networks of plurality of nanofibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 7, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 1, 2015
    Inventor: Jalaledin Ghanavi
  • Patent number: 9169377
    Abstract: Seals and sealing members are formed from a composition generally comprising a first elastomeric material and a second elastomeric material, wherein the second elastomeric material comprises a dispersion of nanosized particles disposed within a polymer matrix of the second elastomeric material. Preferred first and second elastomeric materials are fluoroelastomers, and preferred nanosized particles are fluoropolymers. The nanosized particles are sized less than about 100 nm. The composition comprises about 0.2 to 65 percent by weight of first elastomeric material, about 20 to 95 percent by weight of second elastomeric material, and about 10 to 90 percent by weight particles based on the total weight of the particles and the second elastomeric material. The composition can be used to form annular O-ring seals placed within rotary cone bits used for drilling subterranean formations, and can be used to form a selected portion of the seal or the entire seal.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2008
    Date of Patent: October 27, 2015
    Assignee: Smith International, Inc.
    Inventor: Saman Chandana Nanayakkara
  • Patent number: 9134663
    Abstract: An elastic layer of the fixing member contains a silicone rubber, an inorganic filler and vapor grown carbon fibers, relationships of 3X+30Y?170, 25?X?50 and 0.5?Y?3.1 are satisfied when a volume percent of the inorganic filler compounded in the elastic layer is expressed by X (%) and a volume percent of the vapor grown carbon fibers compounded in the elastic layer is expressed by Y (%), and a ratio of a fiber length to a fiber diameter of the vapor grown carbon fibers, aspect ratio, is 50 or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2014
    Date of Patent: September 15, 2015
    Assignee: Canon Kabushiki Kaisha
    Inventors: Katsuhisa Matsunaka, Kazuo Kishino, Katsuya Abe, Takeshi Suzuki
  • Patent number: 9123832
    Abstract: A method of fabricating nanostructure for antireflection and a method of fabricating a photo device integrated with the nanostructure for antireflection are provided. The fabrication of the nanostructure for antireflection includes coating a solution containing a combination of metal ions with organic or inorganic ions on a substrate, sintering the coated solution using an annealing process to grow nanoscale metal particles, and chemically etching the substrate using the metal particles as mask or accelerator to form a subwavelength nanostructure on the surface of the substrate, thereby manufacturing the nanostructure for antireflection without an apparatus requiring a vacuum state using a simple method for a short amount of time to minimize reflection of light at an interface between a semiconductor material and the air, and producing a photo device having good luminous efficiency and performance at low cost in large quantities by applying it to the photo device.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 1, 2015
    Assignee: Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology
    Inventors: Chan Il Yeo, Yong Tak Lee, Young Min Song
  • Patent number: 9074301
    Abstract: A filtration material comprising a blend of polypropylene and acrylic fibers of round, flat, dog bone, oval or kidney bean shape in any size from 0.08 to 3.3 Dtex. A preferred blend contains about 50 weight percent polypropylene fibers and about 50 weight percent acrylic fibers. The fibers can be blended ranging from 90:10 to 10:90 polypropylene to acrylic. The shape contains 25 weight percent round, flat, oval, dog bone and kidney bean shapes. The fiber blend contains 25 weight percent of at least one size between 0.08 and 3.3 Dtex. Electret fibers incorporated within these blends have 0.02 to 33 weight percent of a charge control agent. These fibers can be used in producing electret material by corona or triboelectric charging methods.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 25, 2011
    Date of Patent: July 7, 2015
    Inventor: Rick L. Chapman
  • Patent number: 9044384
    Abstract: Polymeric compositions containing additives having properties of emission and/or absorption of radiation in the long infrared region, and articles shaped therefrom are produced, including yarns and textile articles such as fabrics or knits; such additives include organic additives or inorganic fillers which have a capacity for absorption/emission of radiation in the infrared region, in a wavelength range of from 2 ?m to 20 ?m, and also a polymeric substrate, with the proviso that the inorganic fillers may be selected from among oxides, sulfates, carbonates, phosphates and silicates, and such inorganic fillers having an average particle size of less than 2 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 2, 2015
    Inventors: Thomas Canova, Dany Bizaroli De Mendonca, Tarcis Cordeiro Bastos
  • Patent number: 9012021
    Abstract: Exemplary embodiments provide composite materials, methods for making and processing these materials, and systems for using the composite materials. The disclosed composite material (or composite member) can include fiber-like and/or particulate materials incorporated within a binder polymer. For example, the composite member can include fibril-shaped, semi-conductive elements that are contained in a suitable binder polymer to achieve a particular resistance value, wherein the fibrils can be integrated and interlinked in a manner as to create an array of resistive elements that precisely define and control current flows through the related device. The composite member can therefore have resistive characteristics and, none or neglectablely low amount of capacitive or inductive characteristics. The composite member can be used in electric test market, e.g., as high performance, dynamic probes/sensors for very frequency and/or complex mixed-frequency signals.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 26, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Xerox Corporation
    Inventors: Joseph A. Swift, Stanley J. Wallace, Roger L. Bullock
  • Publication number: 20150104642
    Abstract: A graphene composite fiber includes graphene sheets and a polymer for aggregating the graphene sheets together. The polymer includes either or both of a hyperbranched polymer and polyvinyl alcohol. The graphene sheets and the polymer are stacked on each other to form a layered structure, and the graphene sheets are regularly arranged along an axial direction of the graphene composite fiber. In a production method of the graphene composite fiber, a graphene oxide is used as a raw material, which significantly improves tensile strength of the graphene composite fiber. Addition of the polymer provides good tenacity for the composite fiber. In a spinning process, rotated coagulant is used to increase a tensile force of a gelatinous fiber, so that the gelatinous fiber has high orientation and tacticity, thereby significantly improving strength of an obtained solid fiber. The final reduction process restores electrical conductivity of a graphene fairly well.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 19, 2014
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Chao GAO, Xiaozhen HU, Xiaosong ZHOU, Yan XU
  • Patent number: 8999868
    Abstract: A non-woven product containing organic and/or mineral particles has a volume density less than 1 and has at least two layers of synthetic fibers or filaments superposed in the Z direction perpendicular to the XY plane of the product, having undergone at least one needling operation, where the non-woven product integrates particulate feedstocks of mineral and/or organic particles distributed in a monomodal or multimodal manner in the product and at least partially coated or encapsulated by binding material that can point-connect the filaments or fibers to one another. At least one population or fraction of organic and/or mineral particles, has a size such that: 3×(?{square root over (SMf)})3?v, preferably 5×(?{square root over (SMf)})3?v, where SMf corresponds to the mean cross-section of the fibers or filaments that form the layers, and v represents the mean individual volume of the organic or mineral particles.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 17, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Freudenberg Politex SA (Societe Anonyme)
    Inventors: Frédéric Rosé, Georges Riboulet, Massimo Migliavacca, Jean-Marc Losser, Robert Groten
  • Publication number: 20150090658
    Abstract: A fiber that has a unique surface topography in that it contains a plurality of nanohairs extending outwardly from an external surface of an elongate structure of the fiber is provided. To form the nanohairs, a polymer composition is spun that includes organofunctional nanoparticles (e.g., polyhedral organofunctional silsesquioxanes) embedded within a matrix of a base polymer. Despite being initially embedded within the polymer, the present inventors have discovered that, through selective control over the nature and relative concentration of the components of the composition, as well as the method in which the fiber is formed, a substantial portion of the nanoparticles can migrate to the surface of the fiber as it is formed and thus become arranged in the form of nanohairs.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 30, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Applicant: Kimberly-Clark Worldwide, Inc.
    Inventors: Kelly Branham, Sara Honarbakhsh
  • Patent number: 8987152
    Abstract: A polymer fiber comprising a thermoplastic polymer and an inorganic filler, wherein the filler content, based on the polymer fiber, is more than about 10% by weight and the mean particle size (D50) of the filler is less than or equal to about 6 ?m. A textile fabric, especially nonwoven, produced from the polymer fiber.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Fitesa Germany GmbH
    Inventors: Steffen Bornemann, Markus Haberer
  • Publication number: 20150080495
    Abstract: Disclosed are interfacially modified particulate and polymer composite material for use in injection molding processes, such as metal injection molding and additive process such as 3D printing. The composite material is uniquely adapted for powder metallurgy processes. Improved products are provided under process conditions through surface modified powders that are produced by extrusion, injection molding, additive processes such as 3D printing, Press and Sinter, or rapid prototyping.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventor: Kurt E. Heikkila
  • Patent number: 8962137
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are a branched nanowire having parasitic nanowires grown at a surface of the branched nanowire, and a method for fabricating the same. The branched nanowire may be fabricated in a fractal form and seeds of the parasitic nanowires may be formed by thermal energy irradiation and/or a wet-etching process. The branched nanowire may effectively be used in a wide variety of applications such as, for example, sensors, photodetectors, light emitting elements, light receiving elements, and the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 11, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Eun Kyung Lee, Byoung Ryong Choi, Sang Jin Lee
  • Publication number: 20150044448
    Abstract: Disclosed herein are spandex fibers having reduced friction. The spandex fibers have a sheath-core cross-section with a lubricating additive is included in the sheath. A fusing additive is optionally included where a coalesced multifilament spandex yarn is desired.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 7, 2011
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventor: Steven W. Smith
  • Publication number: 20150044463
    Abstract: A fiber is provided that has been thermally drawn from a fiber preform, having a longitudinal-axis length and including at least one core that has a longitudinal core axis parallel to the longitudinal axis and internally disposed to at least one outer fiber cladding material layer along the fiber length. The fiber is fed through a localized heating site having a heating site temperature, T, that is above a melting temperature of the fiber core, with a feed speed, ?f, that melts a portion of the fiber core at the heating site, causing molten droplets to pinch off of fiber core material, one droplet at a time, with a time period of molten droplet formation set by the fiber feed speed, ?f. The fiber is fed through the localized heating site to move the molten droplets out of the heating site and solidify the molten droplets into solid in-fiber particles.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 13, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Applicants: University of Central Florida Research Foundation,, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    Inventors: Yoel Fink, Ayman F. Abouraddy, Silvija Gradecak, Benjamin Jean-Baptiste Grena, Alexander Gumennik, Xiaoting Jia, John D. Joannopoulos, Steven G. Johnson, Guillame R. Lestoquoy, Xiangdong Liang, Paul H. Rekemeyer, Matthew J. Smith, Alexander M. Stolyarov, Lei Wei
  • Patent number: 8946111
    Abstract: Permeable composite fibrous catalytic sheets comprised of at least three distinct solid phases. A first solid phase is a 3-dimensional porous network of a non-conductive porous ceramic material. A second solid phase is an electrically conductive phase comprised of randomly oriented electrically conductive fibers. A third phase is comprised of catalytic particles dispersed on said 3-dimensional porous network, said conductive fibers, or both. A fourth phase can be present, which fourth phase is comprised one or more conductive species or one or more non conductive species embedded in said first solid phase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 18, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Inventor: Juzer Jangbarwala
  • Publication number: 20150016844
    Abstract: A charging member includes a conductive support, and a conductive elastic layer that is provided on an outer peripheral surface of the conductive support and includes a rubber material and inorganic particles, and in which an average dispersion degree of aggregates of the inorganic particles is 95% or greater and a maximum particle diameter of the aggregates of the inorganic particles is 200 ?m or less.
    Type: Application
    Filed: February 26, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: FUJI XEROX CO., LTD.
    Inventors: Shogo TOMARI, Hiroyuki MIURA, Takahiko HATTORI
  • Publication number: 20150017438
    Abstract: The present invention relates to a process for comminuting glass fibers from waste glass-based fibrous materials, comprising the process steps of a) coarsely comminuting the glass fibers to obtain coarsely comminuted glass fibers; and b) finely comminuting said coarsely comminuted glass fibers with a granular additive having a d50 value within a range of from 0.1 to 5.0 mm as an aggregate to obtain finely comminuted glass fibers, the mixing ratio of glass fibers to additive being from 25/75 to 95/05 by weight.
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 17, 2012
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Applicant: QUARZWERKE GMBH
    Inventors: Michael Riess, Jörg Ulrich Zilles, Nicola Panic
  • Publication number: 20150017421
    Abstract: Electrically conductive synthetic fiber and fibrous substrate (e.g. synthetic leather) are disclosed. The electrically conductive polymeric fiber and polymeric fibrous substrate are made electrically conductive by the use of an electrically conductive polymer disposed on the fibers and in contact with inorganic desiccant particles located at the surface of the fibers. The new material finds utility as an electrode for devices and as a resistive heating element, and as a pathway to efficient thermoelectrics.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 27, 2014
    Publication date: January 15, 2015
    Inventor: Gregory A. Sotzing
  • Publication number: 20140370284
    Abstract: Inorganic fiber having the following composition ratio and comprising 40 wt % or less of shots each having a diameter of 45 ?m or more: [Composition ratio of inorganic fiber] SiO2 66 to 82 wt %; CaO 10 to 34 wt %; MgO 0 to 3 wt %; Al2O3 0 to 5 wt %; and the total of SiO2, CaO, MgO and Al2O3 is 98 wt % or more.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 13, 2012
    Publication date: December 18, 2014
    Inventors: Takashi Nakajima, Ken Yonaiyama, Tetsuya Mihara, Tomohiko Kishiki
  • Publication number: 20140363670
    Abstract: Optical preforms and methods for forming optical preforms are disclosed. According to one embodiment, a method for producing an optical preform includes compressing silica-based glass soot to form a porous optical preform comprising a soot compact. The porous optical preform is heated to a dwell temperature greater than or equal to 100° C. Thereafter, the porous optical preform is humidified at the dwell temperature in a water-containing atmosphere having a dew point greater than or equal to 30° C. to form a humidified porous optical preform. The soot compact portion of the humidified porous optical preform generally comprises greater than or equal to 0.5 wt. % water.
    Type: Application
    Filed: June 3, 2014
    Publication date: December 11, 2014
    Inventors: Dana Craig Bookbinder, Steven Bruce Dawes, Richard Michael Fiacco, Andrey V. Filippov, Pushkar Tandon