O-containing Patents (Class 428/702)
  • Publication number: 20150111063
    Abstract: This invention relates generally to an article that includes a base substrate, an intermediate layer including at least one element or compound selected from titanium, chromium, indium, zirconium, tungsten, and titanium nitride on the base substrate, and a hydrophobic coating on the base substrate, wherein the hydrophobic coating includes a rare earth element material (e.g., a rare earth oxide, a rare earth carbide, a rare earth nitride, a rare earth fluoride, and/or a rare earth boride). An exposed surface of the hydrophobic coating has a dynamic contact angle with water of at least about 90 degrees. A method of manufacturing the article includes providing the base substrate and forming an intermediate layer coating on the base substrate (e.g., through sintering or sputtering) and then forming a hydrophobic coating on the intermediate layer (e.g., through sintering or sputtering).
    Type: Application
    Filed: October 30, 2014
    Publication date: April 23, 2015
    Inventors: Sami Khan, Gisele Azimi, Adam T. Paxson, Kripa K. Varanasi
  • Patent number: 9012044
    Abstract: A process of forming optically clear conductive metal or metal alloy thin films is provided that includes depositing the metal or metal alloy film on a polycrystalline seed layer that has been deposited directly on a nucleation layer of metal oxide comprising zinc oxide. Also conductive films made by this process are provided. In some embodiments, the metal alloy thin films include silver/gold alloys.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventor: Clark I. Bright
  • Patent number: 9012043
    Abstract: A medical implant device or component thereof comprising a metal substrate and a coating layer structure provided on the substrate. The coating layer structure comprises an outermost layer of a ceramic material. A bonding structure is deposited between the metal substrate and the coating layer structure. The bonding structure comprises a chromium rich layer, which is deposited onto the metal substrate surface and has a higher concentration of chromium than the metal substrate, as well as a gradient layer having a composition gradient from the chromium rich layer towards the surface of the device providing increasing proportions of a gradient material which has structural correspondence with the layer of the coating layer structure that is most adjacent to the bonding structure.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 21, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Sandvik Intellectual Property AB
    Inventors: Ola Wilhelmsson, Tom Eriksson, Per Mårtensson
  • Patent number: 9012045
    Abstract: Transparent composite pane for safety applications. The composite pane is composed of multiple layers which are arranged behind one another. At least one of the layers is composed of, a plate or plates arranged in a mosaic or in series, of monocrystalline magnesium aluminate spinel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Foerderung der Angewandten Forschung E.V.
    Inventors: Andreas Krell, Elmar Strassburger
  • Patent number: 9012024
    Abstract: The invention relates to a glazing comprising a transparent glass substrate containing ions of at least one alkali metal and a transparent layer made of silicon oxycarbide (SiOxCy) having a total thickness E with (a) a carbon-rich deep zone, extending from a depth P3 to a depth P4, where the C/Si atomic ratio is greater than or equal to 0.5, and (b) a carbon-poor surface zone, extending from a depth P1 to a depth P2, where the C/Si atomic ratio is less than or equal to 0.4, with P1<P2<P3<P4 and (P2?P1)+(P4?P3)<E the distance between P1 and P2 representing from 10% to 70% of the total thickness E of the silicon oxycarbide layer and the distance between P3 and P4 representing from 10% to 70% of the total thickness E of the silicon oxycarbide layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 21, 2015
    Assignee: Saint-Gobain Glass France
    Inventors: Claire Thoumazet, Martin Melcher, Arnaud Huignard, Raphael Lante
  • Publication number: 20150103405
    Abstract: It is described a method for the production of a fully or partially reflective stretchable and deformable optical element, comprising the implantation in at least one surface of an elastomeric support, by a technique of “Cluster Beam Implantation”, of neutral nanoclusters of a material selected among one or more metals, their alloys, their oxides or mixtures thereof, thus obtaining in said support a nanocomposite layer, possibly emerging at the surface of said element, and said implantation taking place by: uniformly implanting said nanoclusters in a surface of said elastomeric support, wherein said surface has a molded profile essentially corresponding to the profile of the optical element to be produced; or selectively implanting said nanoclusters in a flat surface of said elastomeric support; or uniformly implanting a first layer of said nanoclusters in a surface of said elastomeric support, and then selectively implanting a second layer of said nanoclusters onto the first nanoclusters layer thus obtain
    Type: Application
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Publication date: April 16, 2015
    Inventors: Gabriele Corbelli, Cristian Ghisleri, Luca Ravagnan, Paolo Milani
  • Patent number: 9005763
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 9005737
    Abstract: A coated substrate. The coated substrate includes a unitary substrate having a major surface. A first coating is applied to a first surface segment of the major surface. A second coating applied to a second surface segment of the major surface. The first coating is different than the second coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 21, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Apogee Enterprises, Inc.
    Inventors: Russell Huffer, Randy Leland Stull, Henry Boyum, Keith Grubb, Kristen Spurgeon
  • Patent number: 9005764
    Abstract: Provided is a windowpane for a combustion apparatus in which a light-blocking layer containing an inorganic pigment powder and a glass powder is formed on a surface of a transparent crystallized glass plate and the light-blocking layer can sufficiently hide an adhesive, a gasket or the like used to fix the windowpane to the body of the combustion apparatus and which can reduce the occurrence of cracks due to heat in the light-blocking layer. A windowpane for a combustion apparatus in which a light-blocking layer containing an inorganic pigment powder and a glass powder is formed on a surface of a transparent crystallized glass plate, wherein the light-blocking layer contains 30 to 50% by mass of the inorganic pigment powder and 50 to 70% by mass of the glass powder and has a thickness of 1 to 10 ?m and the inorganic pigment powder has an average particle size of 0.8 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 9, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Nippon Electric Glass Co., Ltd.
    Inventor: Shohei Yokoyama
  • Publication number: 20150099076
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing a composite material comprising a functionalization of the substrate, which comprises treatment of said substrate with at least one first alcoholic solvent, functionalization of a first powder and formation of a first colloidal sol of said functionalized first powder in a second solvent, at least one application of a layer of said first colloidal sol of said first powder to the substrate, drying of said layer of said first colloidal sol and formation of a layer of first coating formed by said first colloidal sol, adherent to said substrate, by heating at a temperature above 50° C. and below 500° C.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 16, 2013
    Publication date: April 9, 2015
    Applicant: PRAYON SA
    Inventors: Dimitri Liquet, Carlos Alberto Paez, Cedric Calberg, David Eskenazi, Jean-Paul Pirard, Benoit Heinrichs
  • Patent number: 8999531
    Abstract: A coated cBN sintered body has excellent wear resistance, fracture resistance, adhesiveness between a substrate and a coating, and a tool life of which is elongated as compared with conventional cBN sintered bodies. The coated cBN sintered body has a cBN sintered body substrate and a coating coated on the surface thereof. The cBN sintered body includes 76 to 90% by volume of cBN, and 10 to 24% by volume of a binder phase and inevitable impurities. An average grain size of cBN is 0.5 to 5.0 ?m, an average value of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.05 to 0.8 ?m, and the standard deviation of the thickness of the binder phase is 0.8 ?m or less.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 15, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Tungaloy Corporation
    Inventors: Takahide Kudoh, Naohiro Kagawa, Takashi Umemura
  • Patent number: 8999532
    Abstract: Provided is a coating layer for cutting tools, as a hard coating layer stacked and formed in the sequence of a TiN layer, a TiCN layer, a bonding layer, an alumina (Al2O3) layer, and a cover layer from the bottom by using a chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method on a parent material, able to improve cutting performance, because surface residual stress of the coating layer may be maintained in a compressive stress state by adjusting a composition of the cover layer without using a separate additional process, such as a blasting operation, or a mixed process of CVD and physical vapor deposition (PVD), and simultaneously the cover layer may also be used as a wear-resistant layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Korloy Inc.
    Inventors: Seong Woo Cho, Han Sung Kim, Dong Youl Lee, Dae Suk Han, Young Ho Seo, Seoun Young Ahn, Dong Bok Park
  • Patent number: 8999511
    Abstract: A cBN sintered body tool has the following feature. In at least one cross sectional surface of the cBN sintered body tool taken along a plane perpendicular to a joining surface having the largest area in joining surfaces between the cBN sintered body and the joining layer, a point C and a point D are assumed to represent points away by ¼ of the length of a line segment connecting a point A and a point B shown in a figure. A value obtained when an area of a region surrounded by a line segment connecting the point C and the point D, the first cBN particle, the second cBN particle, and the binder phase is divided by the length of the line segment connecting the point A and point B to each other is 0.14-0.6 ?m.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 3, 2012
    Date of Patent: April 7, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Yasunori Kobayashi, Satoru Kukino, Makoto Setoyama
  • Publication number: 20150093597
    Abstract: The invention provides coalesced and un-coalesced organic/inorganic films and methods of use.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 3, 2013
    Publication date: April 2, 2015
    Inventors: Roie Yerushalmi, Sergey Ishchuk, Niv Kaynan, Dereje Hailu Taffa, Thangavel Subramani
  • Patent number: 8993131
    Abstract: The present disclosure is directed to a metal-containing apparatus including a substrate member constructed of a metal that is highly resistant to pitting corrosion and wear in aggressive media. An exemplary metal-containing apparatus is a plate heat exchanger. The metal includes an oxidation layer on the surface thereof and a thin metal oxide nanoporous film on top of the oxidation layer. The nanoporous film is highly compliant and is comprised of oxygen and aluminum, titanium, silicon, zirconium and combinations thereof.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: Marc A. Anderson, M. Isabel Tejedor, Ole Christensen
  • Publication number: 20150086734
    Abstract: The use of an aqueous Solution comprising at least one polyanion and at least one high molecular weight polyethyleneimine is described, for providing oxygen barrier properties to a polymer film. The polyanion is a polymer comprising acid groups neutralized with a base selected from the group consisting of inorganic bases and monovalent organic bases and having a weight average molecular weight of at least 10000 g/mol.
    Type: Application
    Filed: May 27, 2013
    Publication date: March 26, 2015
    Applicant: BASF SE
    Inventors: Ines Pietsch, Axel Weiss, Peter Preishuber-Pfluegl, Patrick Bippus, Klaus Huenerfauth
  • Patent number: 8986841
    Abstract: A process for reinforcing a glass-ceramic article, into which a maximum tension is introduced beneath the surface of the glass-ceramic, advantageously in proximity to said surface. The invention also relates to an enamel that can be used for this reinforcement, this enamel being formed from a glass frit having the following composition, the proportions being expressed as weight percentages: SiO2 50-66% MgO 3-8% Na2O ?7-15% K2O 0-3% Li2O ?0-12% CaO ?0-10% BaO ?0-15% Al2O3 0-3% ZrO2 0-3% ZnO 0-5% B2O3 0-8% the sum of the alkaline-earth metal oxides CaO+BaO moreover being between 8 and 15%, and the sum of the alkali metal oxides Na2O+K2O+Li2O moreover being between 7 and 20%. The reinforced glass-ceramics obtained by the process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 10, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Eurokera S.N.C.
    Inventors: Stephanie Pelletier, Marie-Helene Chopinet, Caroline Faillat, Marie-Helene Rouillon, Pablo Vilato
  • Publication number: 20150075603
    Abstract: A coating is described. The coating includes a metal oxide layer, which in turn includes a surface having a water contact angle greater than 90 degrees. A metal-oxide coating composition is also described. The composition includes effective amounts of a first type and a second of metals and an effective amount of oxygen to react with the first type and the second type of metals to produce a first type and a second type of metal oxides, both of which produce a structure that is greater than about 50% (by volume) amorphous.
    Type: Application
    Filed: March 21, 2013
    Publication date: March 19, 2015
    Inventors: Mark Allen George, Ching-Lin Chang, Ravi Prasad
  • Patent number: 8980398
    Abstract: A component which dissipates heat produced during operation thereof has a ceramic base the surface of which is covered in at least one area by a metalized coating, the ceramic base being spatially structured.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 17, 2008
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: CeramTee GmbH
    Inventor: Claus Peter Kluge
  • Patent number: 8980386
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments of this invention relate to articles including anticondenzation coatings that are exposed to an external environment, and/or methods of making the same. In certain example embodiments, the anticondenzation coatings may be survivable in an outside environment. The coatings also may have a sufficiently low sheet resistance and hemispherical emissivity such that the glass surface is more likely to retain heat from the interior area, thereby reducing (and sometimes completely eliminating) the presence condensation thereon. The articles of certain example embodiments may be, for example, skylights, vehicle windows or windshields, IG units, VIG units, refrigerator/freezer doors, and/or the like.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 25, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Jean-Marc Lemmer, Nestor P. Murphy
  • Patent number: 8980446
    Abstract: The present invention concerns a method for depositing mixed crystal layers with at least two different metals on a substrate by means of PVD methods. To provide a method of depositing mixed crystal layers with at least two different metals on a substrate by means of PVD methods, which gives mixed crystal layers which are as free as possible of macroparticles (droplets) and which have a proportion as high as possible of a desired crystalline phase and which are highly crystalline, it is proposed according to the invention that deposition of the mixed crystal layer is effected with simultaneous application of i) the cathode sputtering method of dual magnetron sputtering or high power impulse magnetron sputtering and ii) arc vapour deposition.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Walter AG
    Inventors: Wolfgang Engelhart, Veit Schier
  • Patent number: 8980434
    Abstract: Alumina-containing coatings based on molybdenum (Mo), silicon (Si), and boron (B) (“MoSiB coatings”) that form protective, oxidation-resistant scales on ceramic substrate at high temperatures are provided. The protective scales comprise an aluminoborosilicate glass, and may additionally contain molybdenum. Two-stage deposition methods for forming the coatings are also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 16, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 17, 2015
    Assignee: Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation
    Inventors: John Harry Perepezko, Ridwan Sakidja, Patrick Ritt
  • Publication number: 20150072119
    Abstract: A multi-layer structure including an interlayer to relieve stress in the structure, a device including the structure, and a method of forming the device and structure are disclosed. The structure includes a substrate having a first coefficient of thermal expansion, an interlayer, and a coating having a second coefficient of thermal expansion. The interlayer reduces stress in the structure that would otherwise exist in the structure as a result of the difference in coefficients of thermal expansion of the substrate and the coating.
    Type: Application
    Filed: April 12, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Inventors: Steven George, Shih-Hui Jen, Peter Carcia, Robert McLean
  • Publication number: 20150072171
    Abstract: The invention relates to methods, systems and compositions for surface treatments of substrate surfaces. Specifically, embodiments provided herein are for methods and compositions for imparting hydrophobicity to substrate surfaces. The embodiments provided herein are for methods of imparting hydrophobicity to substrate surfaces comprising the steps of hydrolyzing a solution comprising a titanium precursor to obtain a titania sol, diluting the titania sol solution, treating the substrate surface with the at least one dilution of the titania sol, and drying the treated substrate surface. Further, surface treatment compositions comprising titania sol solutions are provided herein.
    Type: Application
    Filed: September 12, 2013
    Publication date: March 12, 2015
    Applicant: Sri Lanka Institute of Nanotechnology (PVT) Ltd.
    Inventors: Palihenage Nadeeka Dushani Tissera, Ruchira Nalinga Wijesena, Rangana Perera, K.M. Nalin de Silva
  • Patent number: 8974924
    Abstract: A component comprises a substrate having an alumina base layer, a transition layer, and a surface coating. The transition layer comprises alumina and silica, and the surface coating preferentially bonds to the silica as compared to the alumina.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 23, 2013
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Apple Inc.
    Inventors: Douglas Weber, Naoto Matsuyuki
  • Patent number: 8974901
    Abstract: There are provided a multilayer thin film for a ceramic electronic component and a method of manufacturing the same. The multilayer thin film includes a substrate; and a ceramic layer and a metal layer alternately formed on at least one of upper and lower surfaces of the substrate, wherein at least one of the ceramic layer and the metal layer has a height corresponding to a thickness of at least one of a plurality of particles arranged on a plane. With the multilayer thin film for a ceramic electronic component, the number of layers increases and a distance between electrodes decreases, whereby capacitance may increase.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 10, 2015
    Assignee: Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Kwang Jik Lee, Suk Jin Ham, Ji Hyuk Lim
  • Patent number: 8968878
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 3, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8968866
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool excellent in wear resistance is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention includes a base material and a coating formed on the base material. The coating includes an inner layer and an outer layer. The inner layer is a single layer or a multilayer stack constituted of two or more layers made of at least one element selected from the group consisting of group IVa elements, group Va elements, group VIa elements in the periodic table, Al, and Si, or a compound of at least one element selected from this group and at least one element selected from the group consisting of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and boron. The outer layer includes ?-aluminum oxide as a main component and exhibits an equivalent peak intensity PR(024) of a (024) plane of x-ray diffraction of larger than 1.3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Chikako Kojima, Yoshio Okada, Hideaki Kanaoka, Hiroyuki Morimoto, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai
  • Patent number: 8962162
    Abstract: A composition that upon firing, forms a non-stick enamel layer is disclosed. The composition can be applied to a metal substrate to provide a non-stick, durable coating for cooking surfaces. Also disclosed are methods of forming enamel layers and corresponding coated substrates. Various ground coats and related methods are also described. Furthermore, various multilayer coatings and structures are disclosed that include an enamel layer and a ground coat layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 18, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Ferro Corporation
    Inventors: Albert L. Benford, Jr., Andrew Gorecki, Louis J. Gazo, Charles A. Baldwin
  • Patent number: 8965469
    Abstract: Disclosed are an oxide superconductor tape and a method of manufacturing the oxide superconductor tape capable of improving the length and characteristics of superconductor tape and obtaining stabilized characteristics across the entire length thereof. A Y-class superconductor tape (10), as an oxide superconductor tape, comprises a tape (13) further comprising a tape-shaped non-oriented metallic substrate (11), and a first buffer layer (sheet layer) (12) that is formed by IBAD upon the tape-shaped non-oriented metallic substrate (11); and a second buffer layer (gap layer) (14), further comprising a lateral face portion (14a) that is extended to the lateral faces of the first buffer layer (sheet layer) (12) upon the tape (13) by RTR RF-magnetron sputtering.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 10, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: SWCC Show Cable Systems Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Tatsuhisa Nakanishi, Yuji Aoki, Tsutomu Koizumi, Atsushi Kaneko, Takayo Hasegawa
  • Patent number: 8962126
    Abstract: A surface-coated cutting tool, which has a hard-coating layer with excellent chipping and fracturing resistances in a high speed intermittent cutting work, is provided. The surface-coated cutting tool includes a cutting tool body, which is made of WC cemented carbide or TiCN-based cermet, and a hard-coating layer, which is vapor deposited on the cutting tool body and has a lower layer and an upper layer. The lower layer is a Ti compound layer, and the upper layer is an aluminum oxide layer. There is a micropore-rich layer in the lower layer in the vicinity of the interface between the lower and upper layers. There are micropores with diameters of 2 to 70 nm in the micropore-rich layer. The diameters of the micropores in the micropore-rich layer shows a bimodal distribution pattern.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 2, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Mitsubishi Materials Corporation
    Inventors: Sho Tatsuoka, Kohei Tomita, Akira Osada, Eiji Nakamura
  • Patent number: 8962163
    Abstract: The present invention provides an aluminum alloy component having an anodic oxide film less causing cracks and high in surface smoothness, which is capable of reducing abrasion of a cutting tool regardless of the excellent machinability. The aluminum alloy component (1) has an anodic oxide film formed on a surface of a base metal of an aluminum alloy. The aluminum alloy consists of Fe: 0.5 to 2 mass %, Cu: 0.35 to 0.6 mass %, Mg: 0.35 to 1.3 mass %, Si: 0.2 to 1.3 mass %, Cr: 0.005 to 0.3 mass %, Mn: 0.01 to 0.3 mass %, Ti: 0.005 to 0.1 mass %, and the balance being inevitable impurities, wherein Zn is controlled to be less than 0.25 mass %, and wherein Al—Fe series crystals and Al—Fe—Si series crystals having a maximum grain diameter of 30 ?m or less exist in the anodic oxide film in a dispersed manner with an average center-to-center distance of 10 to 100 ?m, and a percentage of a total occupied area of the Al—Fe series crystals and Al—Fe—Si series crystals in the anodic oxide film is 5% or more.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 17, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 24, 2015
    Assignee: Showa Denko K.K.
    Inventors: Ryousuke Shimao, Shigekazu Nagai
  • Patent number: 8956722
    Abstract: The invention thus relates to a layer system (1) for the formation of a surface layer on a surface of a substrate, in particular on the surface of a tool, in particular on the surface of a shaping tool, wherein the layer system includes at least a first surface layer of the composition (VaMebMcXd)?(NuCvOw)?, where (a+b+c+d)=?, ?=100%, with respect to the atoms Va,Meb,Mc,Xd present in the layer, (u+v+w)=?. ?=100 with respect to the atoms N, C, O present in the layer, with the sum of all the atoms in the layer (?+?)=100 at %, where 40???80 at % applies, and where Meb is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including Zr, Hf, Nb, Ta, Mo, W, Ni, Cu, Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm of the periodic system of chemical elements and Mc is at least one element of the group of chemical elements including Ti, Cr, and Xd is at least one element from the group of chemical elements including S, Se, Si, B of the periodic system of elements, where 0?u?100, 0?v?100 and 0?w?80.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignee: Oerlikon Metaplas GmbH
    Inventors: Joerg Vetter, Georg Erkens
  • Patent number: 8956721
    Abstract: A surface treatment method for metal substrate includes: a metal substrate is provided; a first color layer is deposited on the metal substrate, the first color layer being a TiC layer or a TiN layer; a second color layer is deposited on the first color layer, the first color layer being a CrC layer or a CrN layer, the color of the first color layer being different from the color of the second color layer; forming a shielding layer on partially of the second color layer; electrochemical etching the metal substrate, the second color layer not covered with the shielding layer being removed to form a recessed portion, the recessed portion being extend through the second color layer. A coated article for manufactured by the surface treatment method is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: February 17, 2015
    Assignees: Shenzhen Futaihong Precision Industry Co., Ltd., FIH (Hong Kong) Limited
    Inventors: Ting Ding, Da-Hua Cao
  • Publication number: 20150044451
    Abstract: Provided is a black photosensitive resin composition being microfabricatable due to its photosensitivity, allowing a cured film obtainable therefrom to be excellent in flexibility, being small in post-curing warpage of a substrate, being excellent in flame retardancy and electric insulation reliability, allowing a reduction in process contamination due to less outgassing during a reflow process, and avoiding a reduction in film thickness.
    Type: Application
    Filed: November 20, 2012
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Masayoshi Kido, Yoshihide Sekito
  • Publication number: 20150044092
    Abstract: The invention relates in various embodiments to a composite useful as e.g. a medical implant device, and a method of treating fouling, including biofouling as may occur on an implant. The composite comprises a matrix phase and a patterned phase that comprises an energetically activatable wire intermixed with the matrix phase, the wire when energetically activated, which includes thermal activation, causes modification of at least a portion of the matrix phase to treat fouling that might otherwise occur. The method of treating biofouling may be practiced on a patent while the medical implant of the invention is in situ.
    Type: Application
    Filed: August 5, 2014
    Publication date: February 12, 2015
    Inventors: Steve L. ALLMAN, Mitchel J. DOKTYCZ, Scott T. RETTERER, David P. ALLISON
  • Patent number: 8951630
    Abstract: The invention relates to a novel ultra-thin hydrophobic and oleophobic layer, formed by self-assembly on a solid substrate surface, of compounds of the general formula A-B in which A represents a group of the formula in which Z represents C or N+, X represents C—H or C-L, L being an electron-attracting group selected from F, Cl, Br, I, CF3, NO2 and N(CH3)3+, Y represents H or CH3, or Y forms a 5- or 6-atom heterocycle with X, T represents NH, CO, CONH or NH2+U?, U? being a soluble anion, and B represents an unsubstituted C1-C20 linear aliphatic alkyl group, or a C1-C20 linear aliphatic alkyl group partially or completely substituted with F, and a method of preparing this layer and its use as an epilame or barrier film.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 10, 2015
    Assignees: Rolex S.A., Susos, AG
    Inventors: Samuele Tosatti, Stefan Zürcher
  • Patent number: 8945707
    Abstract: The surface-coated cutting tool of the present invention is characterized in that a region of 10 ?m in a surface of the base material from point a? to point b? has two to seven cracks with a width of not more than 200 nm, or two to ten pores are present per length of 10 ?m in the surface of the base material from point a? to point b?, where points a? and b? are points defined respectively by lines drawn perpendicularly from points a and b to the surface of the base material where point a is a position located away from an edge ridgeline toward a rake face by distance La and point b is a position located away from the edge ridgeline toward a flank face by distance Lb.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Sumitomo Electric Hardmetal Corp.
    Inventors: Hideaki Kanaoka, Yoshio Okada, Chikako Kojima, Anongsack Paseuth, Erika Iwai, Hiroyuki Morimoto
  • Patent number: 8945729
    Abstract: Embodiments disclosed herein include compositions that serve, among other things, the dual function of a thermal barrier and an RF absorber. The compositions can be applied as a single layer to an aircraft engine component, thus reducing the weight of the aircraft and eliminating an extra coating step in the manufacturing process. The coating materials are designed to protect the metal underneath from the high temperatures generated during engine operation, and also to absorb or scatter radiation which may incumbent on the metal during operation. In some implementations, the compositions comprise a two phase mixture of perovskite and magnetoplumbite.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 22, 2011
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Skyworks Solutions, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael David Hill
  • Patent number: 8945714
    Abstract: Example embodiments of this invention relate to a coated article including an infrared (IR) reflecting layer of a material such as silver or the like, for use in an insulating glass (IG) window unit for example. In certain example embodiments, the coating is a single-silver type coating, and includes an overcoat including an uppermost layer of or including silicon nitride and a layer of or including tin oxide immediately under and contacting the silicon nitride based overcoat. In certain example embodiments, the thicknesses of the silicon nitride based overcoat and the tin oxide based layer are balanced (e.g., substantially equal, or equal plus/minus about 10%). It has surprisingly been found that such balancing results in an improvement in thermal cycling performance and improved mechanical durability. In certain example embodiments, the coating may realize surprisingly good substantially neutral film side reflective coloration, and may achieve an improved visible transmission, SHGC ratio and low U-values.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignees: Guardian Industries Corp., Centre Luxembourgeois de Recherches pour le Verre et la Ceramique S.A. (C.R.V.C.)
    Inventors: Jingyu Lao, Philip J. Lingle, Brent Boyce, Bernd Disteldorft, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8945713
    Abstract: Disclosed is a glass material for press forming providing an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like even when the glass material contains an easily reducible component. Also disclosed are an optical element having a sufficient optical performance without surface cracks, cloudiness, scratches, and the like and a method for manufacturing the same. Specifically disclosed are a glass material for press forming and a glass optical element each of which comprises a core portion composed of multiple component optical glass and a composite surface layer covering at least a region serving as an optical functional surface of the core portion. The core portion is composed of optical glass that contains an easily reducible component and does not contain Pb. The composite surface layer includes a first surface layer that covers the core portion and a second surface layer that covers the first surface layer.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 19, 2010
    Date of Patent: February 3, 2015
    Assignee: Hoya Corporation
    Inventors: Kouichi Satou, Yuuichi Tokunaga
  • Publication number: 20150029681
    Abstract: A flexible composite comprising a plastic foil, having an upper and a lower surface, and at least one dielectric barrier layer against gases and liquids which is applied directly to at least one of the surfaces by plasma-enhanced thermal vapor deposition and comprises an inorganic vapor-depositable material, is provided. The flexible composite can be used for constructing flexible circuits or displays and has a high barrier effect with regard to oxygen and/or water vapor.
    Type: Application
    Filed: July 11, 2014
    Publication date: January 29, 2015
    Applicant: EVONIK INDUSTRIES AG
    Inventors: Helmut MACK, Philipp ALBERT, Bjoern BORUP, Anil K. SAXENA
  • Patent number: 8940400
    Abstract: An insulating glass (IG) window unit includes first and second substrates, and a low-emissivity (low-E) coating supported by one of the substrates. The low-E coating has two silver based infrared (IR) reflecting layers and allows the IG window unit to realize an increased SHGC to U-value ratio, and an increased thickness ratio of an upper silver based layer of the coating to a bottom silver based layer of the coating. The low-E coating is designed to have a low film-side reflectance, so that for example when the low-E coating is used on surface number three of an IG window unit the IG window unit can realize reduced visible reflectance as viewed from the outside of the building on which the IG window unit is mounted or is to be mounted.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 8940388
    Abstract: Methods of forming an insulative element are described, including forming a first metal oxide material having a first dielectric constant, forming a second metal oxide material having a second dielectric constant different from the first, and heating at least portions of the structure to crystallize at least a portion of at least one of the first dielectric material and the second dielectric material. Methods of forming a capacitor are described, including forming a first electrode, forming a dielectric material with a first oxide and a second oxide over the first electrode, and forming a second electrode over the dielectric material. Structures including dielectric materials are also described.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Micron Technology, Inc.
    Inventors: Vassil Antonov, Jennifer K. Sigman, Vishwanath Bhat, Matthew N. Rocklein, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Chris Carlson
  • Patent number: 8940399
    Abstract: This invention relates to a coated article including a low-emissivity (low-E) coating. In certain example embodiments, the low-E coating is provided on a substrate (e.g., glass substrate) and includes at least first and second infrared (IR) reflecting layers (e.g., silver based layers) that are spaced apart by contact layers (e.g., NiCr based layers) and a dielectric layer of or including a material such as silicon nitride. In certain example embodiments, the coated article has a low visible transmission (e.g., no greater than 50%, more preferably no greater than about 40%, and most preferably no greater than about 39%).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 4, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Francis Wuillaume, Muhammad Imran, Afonso Kreling, Brent Boyce
  • Patent number: 8940398
    Abstract: Certain example embodiments relate to Ni-inclusive ternary alloy being provided as a barrier layer for protecting an IR reflecting layer comprising silver or the like. The provision of a barrier layer comprising nickel, chromium, and/or molybdenum and/or oxides thereof may improve corrosion resistance, as well as chemical and mechanical durability. In certain examples, more than one barrier layer may be used on at least one side of the layer comprising silver. In still further examples, a NixCryMoz-based layer may be used as the functional layer, rather than or in addition to as a barrier layer, in a coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 31, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 27, 2015
    Assignee: Guardian Industries Corp.
    Inventors: Muhammad Imran, Bernd Disteldorf, Marcus Frank, Richard Blacker
  • Patent number: 8936848
    Abstract: A dental block for producing a dental prosthesis comprises a green body including zirconia and having a chemical composition including increasing amounts of yttria through a thickness of the green body. The green body is substantially opaque with a substantially consistent optical characteristic of non-translucency with respect to visible light across the thickness, and is subsequently millable and sinterable to form the dental prosthesis with an optical characteristic of increasing translucency through a thickness of the dental prosthesis.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 23, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: B&D Dental Corp
    Inventors: Yunoh Jung, Daniel Yonil Jung, Young Jin Kim, Yoonho Jun
  • Patent number: 8932737
    Abstract: A coating and associated method for coating is disclosed. The coating provides a hard, transparent, UV blocking coating for a substrate. A UV blocking layer is first deposited upon the substrate, and a hard coating is deposited above the UV blocking layer. A soft coating layer may be deposited between the UV blocking layer and the hard coating. The soft and hard coating layers may both have the general composition SiOxCy. the soft and hard coating layers may be deposited by a plasma vapor deposition process.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 12, 2014
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: David A. Bowen, Kjersta L. Larson-Smith, Vasan S. Sundaram
  • Patent number: 8932723
    Abstract: Provided is low emissivity glass including a low emissivity layer containing electrically conductive metal; and a composite metal oxide formed on one or both sides of the low emissivity layer and expressed by a following chemical formula 1: TiCeOx??(1) wherein Ti is titanium element, Ce is cerium element, and Ox is oxide. Since the dielectric layer which serves as protecting low emissivity layer of low emissivity glass and reducing emissivity contains the composite metal oxide expressed by the above chemical formula 1, visible light transmissivity can be greatly increased with excellent low emissivity.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 16, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: LG Hausys, Ltd.
    Inventors: Youn Ki Jun, Il Joon Bae
  • Patent number: 8921276
    Abstract: The phase transition temperature, at which the crystal lattice of LMO that constitutes an oxide layer as an intermediate layer or as a part of an intermediate layer becomes cubic, is lowered. A substrate for a superconducting wire rod includes an oxide layer (LMO layer (22)) which contains, as a principal material, a crystalline material represented by the compositional formula: Laz(Mn1?xMx)wO3+? (wherein M represents at least one of Cr, Al, Co or Ti, ? represents an oxygen non-stoichiometric amount, 0<w/z<2, and 0<x?1).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 30, 2014
    Assignee: Furukawa Electric Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masayasu Kasahara, Hiroyuki Fukushima, Yoshikazu Okuno, Yuko Hayase