Fire Or Heat Protection Feature Patents (Class 428/920)

Cross-Reference Art Collections

Fire or flameproofing (Class 428/921)
  • Patent number: 10337141
    Abstract: A composite floor-covering comprising a fabric face layer, a barrier layer and a cushion backing layer is disclosed. The fabric face layer is attached to the barrier layer by a first adhesive layer and the barrier layer is attached to the cushion backing layer by a second adhesive layer. The fabric face layer on the composite floor covering can stretch up to an initial amount under a first pressure and can stretch beyond under a second pressure wherein the second pressure is higher than the first pressure. The composite floor-covering has a water vapor transmission rate of less than about 5.0 cm3/m2/24 hour at 100° F. and 90% RH.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 3, 2013
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2019
    Assignee: ENGINEERED FLOORS LLC
    Inventor: Dimitri Zafiroglu
  • Patent number: 10144200
    Abstract: A fiber-reinforced composite material includes a bulk portion with a bulk matrix having reinforcing fibers embedded therein, and a surface portion with a plurality of laminated first layers serving as “expanding layers”, which expand and/or delaminate during fire impact. The surface portion also includes a plurality of laminated second layers different from the first layers and serving as “barrier layers”. The expanding layers and barrier layers can be arranged in an alternating sequence.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 5, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 4, 2018
    Assignee: Airbus Defence and Space GmbH
    Inventors: Hans Luinge, Matthias Schuett, Geoff Gibson
  • Patent number: 9968808
    Abstract: The invention relates to a laminar structure (10) providing adaptive thermal insulation, comprising a first layer (22), a second layer (24), at least one cavity (16) provided in between the first layer (22) and the second layer (24), a gas generating agent (18) having an unactivated configuration and an activated configuration, the gas generating agent (18) being adapted to change from the unactivated configuration to the activated configuration, such as to increase a gas pressure inside the cavity (16), in response to an increase in temperature in the cavity (16), the first layer (22), the second layer (24) and the cavity (16) being arranged such that a distance (D) between the first layer (22) and the second layer (24) increases in response to the increase in gas pressure inside the cavity (16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 15, 2018
    Assignee: W. L. Gore & Associates GmbH
    Inventors: Guenter Kiederle, Stefan Hauer, Helga Baumgaertler, Reiner Kasemann, Johann Seibert, Janine T. Bohlmann
  • Patent number: 9944816
    Abstract: Self-crosslinkable binder compositions which include a copolymer obtained by reacting a mixture of monomers in the presence of an organic solvent, wherein the monomer mixture includes a carboxylic acid monomer, a polymerizable ethylenically unsaturated monomer, and a crosslinkable acrylamide monomer. Intumescent coatings containing the self-crosslinkable binder, and substrates coated with the intumescent coatings are also disclosed.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2016
    Date of Patent: April 17, 2018
    Assignee: PPG Coatings Europe B.V.
    Inventors: Ronnie Peskens, Venkateshwarlu Kalsani, Seiko Fujii Sisco, Brianne Hodanich, Thomas de Boer
  • Patent number: 9926663
    Abstract: An article comprises a textile material and a flame retardant, phosphorus-containing polymer. The flame retardant, phosphorus, containing polymer can be present in the form of a plurality of microprotuberances. The flame retardant, phosphorus, containing polymer can contain a relatively low amount of residual hydroxyalkyl groups bonded to the phosphorus atoms in the polymer. A process for producing a treated textile material is also provided.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 15, 2014
    Date of Patent: March 27, 2018
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Petr Valenta, Rajib Mondal, James A. Rogers, Michael Todd Moore, Jason M. Spruell, Keith A. Keller, Warren W. Gerhardt, Nathan B. Emery
  • Patent number: 9782944
    Abstract: The present invention relates to sandwich panels used as aircraft interior parts. In addition to provide a finishing function, the sandwich panels need to have certain mechanical properties and have sufficient fire resistance to retard the spread of fire within the vehicle interior. The present invention provides an aircraft interior panel with skins comprising natural fiber reinforced composites based either on an inorganic thermoset resin or a thermoplastic resin. Such panels provide the required flame and heat resistance, allow easy recycling and disposal, are cheaper and offer significant weight savings over conventional sandwich panels.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: December 12, 2011
    Date of Patent: October 10, 2017
    Assignee: THE BOEING COMPANY
    Inventors: Pedro P. Martin, Ana Gonzalez-Garcia, Nieves Lapena, Sergio Fita Bravo, Vicent Martinez Sanz, Ferran Marti Ferrer
  • Patent number: 9662516
    Abstract: The invention relates to a laminar structure (10) providing adaptive thermal insulation, comprising a first layer (12), a second layer (14), at least one cavity (16) provided in between the first layer (12) and the second layer (14), the cavity (16) being enclosed by a water vapor permeable and at least temporarily gas impermeable envelope (20); a gas generating agent (18) having an unactivated configuration and an activated configuration, the gas generating agent (18) being adapted to change from the unactivated configuration to the activated configuration, such as to increase a gas pressure inside the cavity (16), in response to an increase in temperature in the cavity (16), the first layer (12), the second layer (14) and the cavity (16) being arranged such that a distance (d) between the first layer (12) and the second layer (14) increases in response to the increase in gas pressure inside the cavity (16).
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2011
    Date of Patent: May 30, 2017
    Assignee: W. L. Gore & Associates GmbH
    Inventors: Guenter Kiederle, Stefan Hauer, Helga Baumgaertler, Reiner Kasemann
  • Patent number: 9642471
    Abstract: The composite fabric is suitable as a flame barrier for different articles, such as mattresses, pillows, seats and upholstered furniture and is made from a plurality of joined breathable layers including at least one textile layer and one impervious layer joined including a knitted textile layer made of cellulose fibers of natural renewable origin including at least 50% of cellulose flame-retardant fibers, and the impervious layer including an halogen free plastic material selected among polyurethane or polyester incorporating a known flame-retardant or inhibitor additive.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 8, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 9, 2017
    Assignee: MANUFACTURES INDUSTRIALS DE TORTELLA, SA
    Inventors: Joan Curós Santaeularia, Laura Rigau Roca
  • Patent number: 9006118
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 14, 2015
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pierce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8993463
    Abstract: A flame or heat flux protective coating composition, which includes a dispersion of fiberglass, hollow glass spheres, or a combination of both in silicone. A flame or heat flux protective sheet, which includes hollow glass spheres dispersed in silicone in a sheet form or fiberglass and silicone in a sheet form, wherein the fiberglass is dispersed in the silicone or the fiberglass is a woven cloth coated with the silicone is also presented. Articles incorporating the flame or heat flux protective coating or sheet form and methods for coating an article with the flame or heat flux protective coating composition are also presented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 27, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 31, 2015
    Assignee: Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
    Inventors: Thomas Nosker, Jennifer K. Lynch, Mark N. Mazar, Patrick L. Nosker
  • Patent number: 8986807
    Abstract: An artificial turf system that includes a plurality of pellets in an infill disposed on a backing material and between individual synthetic fibers extending away from the backing material, wherein the pellets are a fire retardant material, for example, a salt, and more particularly an inorganic salt, encapsulated in a water insoluble material.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 29, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Tarkett Inc.
    Inventor: John Rodgers
  • Patent number: 8986815
    Abstract: A jacket configured to encase building component insulation is provided. The jacket comprises at least inner layer, an intermediate layer attached to the inner layer, and an outer layer attached to the intermediate layer. The inner layer, intermediate layer and outer layers are configured for attachment to each other with the use at least one of heat, polymeric material, and pressure. Additionally, the jacket complies with the standards of flame retardancy as provided by ASTM C1136.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 20, 2011
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: Owens Corning Intellectual Capital, LLC
    Inventors: Ying Peng, Neil Hettler
  • Patent number: 8987149
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, binder material, cross-linking material, thickener material and a catalyst. The binder material bonds the ammonium polyphosphate, cross-linking material, thickener material and catalyst together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: March 24, 2015
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8936847
    Abstract: The invention relates to a reflective insulation material product including a metallized polymeric film laminated to an insulation material with the metallized polymeric film having its exposed metallic surface facing away from the insulation material. The product can meet Class A standard thermal insulation material standards characterized by a flame speed rating of from 0 to 25 and a smoke developed rating value of 0 to 450.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 8, 2012
    Date of Patent: January 20, 2015
    Assignee: Promethean Insulation Technology LLC
    Inventor: Furio Orologio
  • Patent number: 8932966
    Abstract: A composite velour fabric garment includes a laminate consisting of an outer woven shell layer, an inner thermal layer of knit construction, and an intermediate layer disposed between and laminated to each of the shell layer and the thermal layer. The outer woven shell layer contains spandex in at least a weft direction for stretch and recovery in a width direction. The knit construction of the inner thermal layer provides stretch in at least a width direction, in harmony with the shell layer, and the inner thermal layer has a raised surface facing inwardly, away from the shell layer. The intermediate layer has controlled air permeability, including zero air permeability.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 29, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 13, 2015
    Assignee: MMI-IPCO, LLC
    Inventors: Moshe Rock, Jane Hunter, David Costello, Gadalia Vainer
  • Patent number: 8916102
    Abstract: Non-woven mat including magnesium aluminum silicate glass fibers and amorphous refractory ceramic fibers, bio-soluble ceramic fibers, and/or heat-treated silica fibers. Embodiments of the nonwoven mat surprisingly have a Resiliency Value after three thermal cycles from 25° C. to 700° C./400° C. of the Real Condition Fixture Test at least 1.1 times greater than the Resiliency Value of a comparable non-woven mat consisting of any individual type of fibers of the non-woven mat. The non-woven mats are useful, for example, in pollution control devices and other thermal insulation applications.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 27, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 23, 2014
    Assignee: 3M Innovative Properties Company
    Inventors: Anne N. De Rovere, Lahoussaine Lalouch, Richard P. Merry
  • Patent number: 8889261
    Abstract: A gunnable adhesive composition includes a silicone resin and an organopolysiloxane, or a reaction product thereof; as well as a filler and a solvent. The silicone resin and the organopolysiloxane are present in amounts to provide a resin/polymer ratio ranging from 58% to 64%. The gunnable adhesive composition may be applied to low surface energy substrates at ambient temperatures without primer or other surface treatment. The gunnable adhesive composition and adhesive product thereof are useful in weather barrier applications, such as building wraps.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: November 18, 2014
    Assignee: Dow Corning Corporation
    Inventors: Lawrence Carbary, Loren Lower, Aaron Seitz
  • Patent number: 8871053
    Abstract: A fire resistant fluff pulp web made from a fluff pulp web, a fire retardant component present in and/or on the fluff pulp, and a fire retardant distributing surfactant which distributes the fire retardant component in and/or on the fluff pulp web in a manner so that the fluff pulp web passes one or more fire resistance tests. Also, a process for preparing these fire resistant fluff pulp webs, as well as for treating outer fibrous layers comprising an air-laid mixture of these fire resistant fluff pulp fibers and bicomponent fibers with up to about 5% additional fire retardant and which are used in fire resistant air-laid fibrous structures useful in upholstery, cushions, mattress ticking, panel fabric, padding, bedding, insulation, materials for parts in devices and appliances, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: February 28, 2014
    Date of Patent: October 28, 2014
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: James E. Sealey, Brent A. Fields
  • Patent number: 8844643
    Abstract: A local fire shield is provided for protecting an attachment point of a fireproof system in an engine during a fire event. The local fire shield includes a mounting plate mounted on the attachment point; and a cover coupled to the mounting plate for covering the attachment point during the fire event.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 8, 2011
    Date of Patent: September 30, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Justin C. Mickelsen, Martin C. Baker
  • Patent number: 8822356
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, binder material, cross-linking material, aluminum trihydrate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, a surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells and a catalyst. The binder material bonds the ammonium polyphosphate, cross-linking material, aluminum trihydrate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells and catalyst together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: August 30, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8822033
    Abstract: A transparent glass or glass ceramic pane is provided that includes a glass or glass ceramic substrate having a thermal expansion coefficient ? of less than 4.2 and an infrared radiation-reflecting layer, formed as a single-layer reflection layer and having a refractive index greater than 2.2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 31, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: Schott AG
    Inventors: Christian Henn, Veit Luther, Andreas Hahn, Wolfgang Schmidbauer, Torsten Gabelmann
  • Patent number: 8822355
    Abstract: The present invention relates to fire resistant composite materials and to fire resistant fabric materials and mattresses made therefrom. The composite materials include (a) a substrate selected from the group consisting of cotton, rayon, lyocell and blends thereof; and (b) a coating consisting essentially of water, ammonium polyphosphate, urea formaldehyde binder material, prefarbricated glass microcells, acrylic latex binder, ammonium lauryl sulfate surfactant, thickener material, a second surfactant, surfactant-generated microcells, a catalyst and starch. The binder materials bond the ammonium polyphosphate, prefarbricated microcells, thickener material, surfactants, surfactant-generated microcells, catalyst and starch together and to the substrate such that the substrate is coated with the coating.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 22, 2005
    Date of Patent: September 2, 2014
    Assignee: ElkCorp
    Inventor: Younger Ahluwalia
  • Patent number: 8796162
    Abstract: A thermally protective, flame retardant fabric includes a substrate treated with a combination of a flame retardant agent and an intumescent agent. The substrate includes non-thermoplastic fibers or a blend of non-thermoplastic fibers and thermoplastic fibers having a basis weight ranging from 2.0 to 15.0 ounces per square yard. The fabric has a contact thermal protective performance value of at least 4.5 and a contact thermal protective performance efficiency greater than 1.1. Applications of the fabric include protective garments, articles of furniture, vehicle components, building components, electrical components, decorative components, appliances, and containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 14, 2008
    Date of Patent: August 5, 2014
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Andrews Monfalcone, III, Charles Detwiler Roberson, Ladson L. Fraser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8741789
    Abstract: A flame resistant textile material comprises a textile substrate, a flame retardant finish applied to the textile substrate, and an infrared-absorbing finish applied to the textile substrate.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 9, 2011
    Date of Patent: June 3, 2014
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Shulong Li, James D. Cliver, J. Travis Greer, Jack W. Spoon
  • Patent number: 8734928
    Abstract: After observing patio heaters at many events, hotels and restaurants, we, as decorators, knew they have little decorative appeal in beautiful settings. Patio heaters have gained popularity as people are enjoying more outdoor entertaining. We designed a cover to “hide” the heaters. Our cover is a tailored, box-pleat skirt design with three pleats, two side pleats are inset with fabric mesh to allow for ventilation of the tank, and detailed with a welt trim. Like a slip-cover, it fits over the neck and base of the heater, fastened with hook/loop sewn inside. All components are fire retardant. They are machine washable, hold their shape, offer protection from the elements, and have easy setup, and access to controls.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 27, 2014
    Inventors: Melody LaVigna, Barbara Miranda
  • Patent number: 8722551
    Abstract: A flame retardant composition comprises a phosphorous-containing polymer. The phosphorous-containing polymer can be produced by first reacting a phosphonium compound and a nitrogen-containing compound to produce a precondensate compound and then reacting the precondensate compound with a cross-linking composition. The resulting phosphorous-containing intermediate polymer can then be oxidized to convert at least a portion of the phosphorous atoms in the polymer to a pentavalent state. A textile material comprises a textile substrate and a phosphorous-containing polymer, such as that described above.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 14, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Milliken & Company
    Inventors: Richard A. Mayernik, Shulong Li, William C. Kimbrell
  • Patent number: 8720138
    Abstract: A fire barrier operable to be placed within a gap formed between two surfaces. The fire barrier may generally include a first intumescent section, a first foam section coupled with the first intumescent section, and a second intumescent section coupled with the first foam section generally opposite the first intumescent section. In some embodiments, the fire barrier may include a plurality of intumescent sections and a plurality of foam sections with each foam section being positioned between at least two of the intumescent sections.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 22, 2013
    Date of Patent: May 13, 2014
    Assignee: Balco, Inc.
    Inventor: Johnnie Daniel Hilburn, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8703631
    Abstract: A fire barrier fabric further comprising a multilayer fabric having at least two layers, including an outside layer and a fire barrier layer; wherein the fire barrier layer provides flame-retardant and/or flame-resistant properties to the entire fabric without requiring fabric coatings or treatments to provide any contribution to flame retardance or resistance, wherein additional layers may include a filler layer, and wherein the fabric is applied to articles, such as upholstered articles and mattresses.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 25, 2008
    Date of Patent: April 22, 2014
    Assignee: Murtzco, LLC
    Inventor: Ronald M. Sytz
  • Patent number: 8695720
    Abstract: A fireproof system is provided for protecting a structure during a fire event. The system includes a fire resistant panel defining a first attachment opening and disposed adjacent to the structure; a canister including a side wall defining a first end and a second end, and an end wall enclosing the first end and defining a second attachment opening that is aligned with the first attachment opening; a fastener extending through the canister at the second attachment opening and the fire resistant panel at the first attachment opening such that the canister, the fire resistant panel, and the structure are fastened together; and a fire retardant agent disposed within the canister in an inactive condition and configured to transition out of the second end of the canister in an active condition at a predetermined temperature.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 28, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: Honeywell International Inc.
    Inventors: Justin C. Mickelsen, Dave Dischinger, Martin Baker
  • Patent number: 8697586
    Abstract: A fire retardant structural board is provided that includes a body of fibrous material, a triglycidyle polyester binder, a sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant, and a sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant. The body of fibrous material has a weight, first and second surfaces, first and second sides, and a thickness. The fibrous material and triglycidyle polyester are dispersed throughout the thickness of the body. The sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant is dispersed between individual fibers of the fibrous material and throughout the thickness of the body. A sodium borate pentahydride fire retardant composition also coats at least the first surface of the body.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 6, 2011
    Date of Patent: April 15, 2014
    Assignee: FlexForm Technologies, LLC
    Inventors: Garry E. Balthes, Darrell R. Eggers, Gregg B. Baumbaugh
  • Patent number: 8685206
    Abstract: A fire resistant fluff pulp web made from a fluff pulp web, a fire retardant component present in and/or on the fluff pulp, and a fire retardant distributing surfactant which distributes the fire retardant component in and/or on the fluff pulp web in a manner so that the fluff pulp web passes one or more fire resistance tests. Also, a process for preparing these fire resistant fluff pulp webs, as well as for treating outer fibrous layers comprising an air-laid mixture of these fire resistant fluff pulp fibers and bicomponent fibers with up to about 5% additional fire retardant and which are used in fire resistant air-laid fibrous structures useful in upholstery, cushions, mattress ticking, panel fabric, padding, bedding, insulation, materials for parts in devices and appliances, etc.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 28, 2013
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: International Paper Company
    Inventors: James E. Sealey, Brent A. Fields
  • Patent number: 8685869
    Abstract: A knitted textile fabric for use in safety apparel, comprising a first yarn containing modacrylic fibers and a second yarn containing apparel, preferably cellulosic, fibers. The first and second yarns are interknitted with one another, e.g., in plated or bi-ply, relationship with the modacrylic yarn disposed predominantly at an outer face of the fabric for imparting flame resistant properties and an affinity for high visibility dyes and with the cellulosic yarn disposed predominantly at the opposite face of the fabric for imparting a hand suitable for comfortable body contact with a user's skin.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 26, 2009
    Date of Patent: April 1, 2014
    Assignee: Innovative Textiles, Inc.
    Inventors: Michael N. Byles, John N. Wasylyk
  • Patent number: 8632036
    Abstract: There is provided an integrated articulating thermal isolation system having an articulating actuator assembly, a support frame assembly, and a thermal blanket assembly. The thermal blanket assembly has a pair of non-articulating blankets positioned on exterior surfaces of the support frame assembly and a pair of articulating blankets disposed between the non-articulating blankets. Each articulating blanket has a plurality of stiffener elements. The system further has a harness assembly, a deployable assembly interface element, and a vehicle interface element. When the articulating actuator assembly is actuated, the articulating blankets are guided by the support frame assembly from a stowed position to a deployed position through motion of the articulating actuator assembly.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 2, 2010
    Date of Patent: January 21, 2014
    Assignee: The Boeing Company
    Inventors: Daniel M. Bianca, Jr., Valeda B. Scribner, John Jay Hartlage, Howen Mak, Sung H. Kang, Teofilo R. El Masri, Sara Ly, Thomas Rust, III, Brian K. Smith, Arthur R. Zapf, Jesse C. Villegas, Rachid Nedjar
  • Patent number: 8616398
    Abstract: A vapor barrier for flammable liquid storage tanks provides a gas impermeable layer for covering the surface of a flammable liquid stored within a conventional flammable liquid storage tank, a tanker, a vessel, or the like. The vapor barrier is formed from a plurality of spherical buoyant members. Each spherical buoyant member has a heat-resistant core or shell, a heat-reactive intumescent or flame retardant layer formed on an outer surface of the heat-resistant core, an antistatic and oil-phobic layer formed on an outer surface of the heat-reactive intumescent layer, and an adhesive layer on an outer surface of the heat-reactive intumescent layer. The vapor barrier may further be used with liquid storage tanks in which separation between the liquid and vapor phases is beneficial to prevent oxidation or other undesirable reactions.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 25, 2012
    Date of Patent: December 31, 2013
    Inventor: Joseph Riordan
  • Patent number: 8613406
    Abstract: Low weight and non-square carpet tile suitable for use in mass transit vehicles, particularly passenger aircraft. The carpet tile preferably weighs less than about 82 ounces per square yard. The carpet tile of this invention may have a carpet pile and at least one backing layer. The backing layer may use a low weight filler material. The carpet tiles satisfy transportation industry standards for flame, smoke and toxicity. Tiles may be sized during manufacture and installed in configurations that minimize the number of tile sizes needed and minimize the need for cutting tiles during installation. The patterns used for such tiles may be orthogonally ambiguous or otherwise suitable for “random” installation. In other embodiments, a passenger aircraft cabin includes a floor having rectangular carpet tiles installed thereon, and the carpeting can be installed in the aircraft without removing seats from the aircraft.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 2, 2009
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: Interface, Inc.
    Inventors: Stuart Jones, James Hobbs, Joel Sheppard, William Jones
  • Patent number: 8614156
    Abstract: The present invention is directed to a textile fabric. This fabric is particularly well suited for use as the outer shell fabric of a firefighter's garment. The fabric is a woven or knitted fabric of spun yarns and multi-filament yarns. The spun yarn includes a first staple being a polymer selected from the group consisting of aramid, PBI or PBO or melamine formaldehyde, and a second staple being an aramid polymer. The multi-filament yarn includes an aramid filament.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 18, 2011
    Date of Patent: December 24, 2013
    Assignee: PBI Performance Products, Inc.
    Inventors: Diane B. Hess, Charles A. Thomas, Clifton A. Perry, Richard O. Tucker
  • Patent number: 8551235
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing fire resistant materials comprising the steps of recovering an alga having a mineral component wherein said alga is selected form the group consisting of Chara algae and Cladophora algae; mixing said algae with water to form an aqueous mixture; mixing a chlorine based solution to the mixture to kill the algae and any bacteria and to form an algae-based product; separating the algae-based product from the aqueous mixture; and recovering the algae-based product from the surface of the mixture.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 13, 2012
    Date of Patent: October 8, 2013
    Assignee: Green Wave Innovative Solutions, LLC
    Inventors: Wesley A. Mahan, Michelle L. Leonhart
  • Patent number: 8545974
    Abstract: An electromagnetic interference shield generally includes a resilient core member and an electrically conductive layer. An adhesive bonds the electrically conductive layer to the resilient core member. The adhesive can include halogen-free flame retardant. The electrically conductive layer can be provided with halogen-free flame retardant and/or a corrosion inhibitor.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 2, 2005
    Date of Patent: October 1, 2013
    Assignee: Laird Technologies, Inc.
    Inventor: Larry D Creasy, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8536076
    Abstract: A textile fleece fabric having a resistance to thermal energy from exposure to momentary electric arcs or flame so as to be suitable for use in safety apparel is made of three integrated layers including inner and outer layers on opposite sides of an intervening middle layer. The inner and outer layers are comprised predominately of textile fibers which have inherent or additive flame resistant properties, and the middle layer is comprised substantially entirely of textile fibers without inherent or additive flame resistant properties. The textile fibers of one of the inner or outer layers have a raised nap forming a fleece surface.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 4, 2010
    Date of Patent: September 17, 2013
    Assignee: Innovative Textiles, Inc.
    Inventor: Michael N. Byles
  • Patent number: 8513145
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: August 20, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8501639
    Abstract: A thermally protective, flame retardant fabric includes a substrate treated with a combination of a flame retardant agent and an intumescent agent. The substrate includes non-thermoplastic fibers or a blend of non-thermoplastic fibers and thermoplastic fibers having a basis weight ranging from 2.0 to 15.0 ounces per square yard. The fabric has a contact thermal protective performance value of at least 4.5 and a contact thermal protective performance efficiency greater than 1.1. Applications of the fabric include protective garments, articles of furniture, vehicle components, building components, electrical components, decorative components, appliances, and containers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: November 7, 2011
    Date of Patent: August 6, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Vincent Andrews Monfalcone, III, Charles Detwiler Roberson, Ladson L. Fraser, Jr.
  • Patent number: 8481168
    Abstract: The present disclosure describes various building materials used in the building and construction industry, and to buildings or objects constructed therefrom, and to methods of making these building materials. The building materials comprise a polymeric material, such as sodium alginate and/or calcium alginate which confers significant flame-, fire- and heat-resistance or imperviousness to the materials. Other substances can be added to the materials to improve cross-linking and/or to produce resistance to fungal degradation. The building materials which can be produced, processed, or treated using the alginate polymers of the invention include, but are not limited to, wood products; masonry products; wall, roofing, flooring and siding products; and paint products. Further, sodium alginate in the form of a gel may be used as a firebreak to effectively stop the advance of grass fires, wildfires, and forest fires.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 19, 2012
    Date of Patent: July 9, 2013
    Assignee: Tamarisk Technologies, L.L.C.
    Inventor: Daniel R. DeBrouse
  • Patent number: 8475919
    Abstract: A fiber blend for yarns and fabrics for use in military, fire-fighting, industrial work wear, and first responder protective clothing to provide multifunctional protection to the wearer, the fiber blend including an aramid fiber blend, wool fibers, and electrostatic dissipative fibers, wherein the aramid fiber blend includes meta-aramid fibers, para-aramid fibers and electrostatic dissipative fibers.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: January 11, 2008
    Date of Patent: July 2, 2013
    Assignee: The United States of America as Represented by the Secretary of the Army
    Inventor: Carole A. Winterhalter
  • Patent number: 8465821
    Abstract: A floor panel with a coating structure is described, said floor panel has improved fire protection properties. For this purpose, a fire-resistant layer is built into to layered structure of the panel and a coating is provided along the edges of the panel.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: March 3, 2006
    Date of Patent: June 18, 2013
    Assignee: Berry Finance N.V.
    Inventor: Eddy Boucke
  • Patent number: 8455571
    Abstract: A flame-retardant particle includes: a particle containing a compound having a structure represented by formula (1); and a coating particle that covers at least a part of a surface of the particle: -A(—O—CO—O—Ar)m??(1) wherein A represents a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group; Ar represents a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group; and m represents an integer of 1 to 3.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: July 9, 2008
    Date of Patent: June 4, 2013
    Assignee: Fuji Xerox Co., Ltd.
    Inventors: Masato Mikami, Masayuki Okoshi, Kazuya Yamanoi
  • Patent number: 8450223
    Abstract: A heatproof cloth forms multiple layers of laminated fabrics for resisting the high-temperature, comprising a high-temperature shielding fiber fabric which shields external heat, a first carbon felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the high-temperature shielding fiber fabric, an aluminum vapor-deposited fabric which shields the heat distributed by the first carbon felt fabric, a second carbon felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the aluminum vapor-deposited fabric, an aluminum vapor-deposited heat-resistant fabric which shields and distributes the heat distributed by the second carbon felt fabric, an aramid felt fabric which distributes the heat transmitted through the aluminum vapor-deposited heat-resistant fabric, and aramid fabric which shields the heat distributed by aramid felt fabric. Since heat is shielded and distributed repeatedly through three steps, the transmission of external heat is effectively prevented.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: September 15, 2009
    Date of Patent: May 28, 2013
    Assignee: Pyro Industries, Inc.
    Inventor: Ji Wan Kim
  • Patent number: 8440009
    Abstract: A process for manufacturing fire resistant materials comprising the steps of recovering Cladophora algae; mixing said algae with water to form an aqueous mixture; mixing a chlorine based solution to the mixture to kill the algae and any bacteria and to form an algae-based product; allowing the algae-based product to separate and rise to the surface of the aqueous mixture; skimming the algae-based product from the surface of the mixture; drying said recovered algae-based product; and recovering the dried algae-based product.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: April 23, 2010
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Green Wave Innovative Solutions, LLC
    Inventor: Wesley A. Mahan
  • Patent number: 8440582
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: May 30, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 14, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8435907
    Abstract: A filler cloth includes cellulosic fibers treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a char length of less than about nine inches when tested in accordance with NFPA 701, such that thermal shrinkage of the filler cloth at 400° F. is less than about 35% in any direction, and such that the filler cloth maintains flame and heat resistant integrity when impinged with a gas flame in accordance with testing protocols set forth in Technical Bulletin 603 of the State of California Department of Consumer Affairs. The filler cloth cellulosic fibers are treated with a flame retardant chemistry such that the filler cloth has a Frazier air permeability of less than about 400 cfm and a thermal resistance rating of at least about 3 when tested according to NFPA 2112.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: June 28, 2012
    Date of Patent: May 7, 2013
    Assignee: Precision Fabrics Group, Inc.
    Inventors: Melanie Pearce Jones, James Douglas Small, Jr., John H. Walton, Alfred Frank Baldwin, Jr., Zareh Mikaelian, William Scott Kinlaw
  • Patent number: 8420204
    Abstract: Provided is a building board having non-flammability and being excellent in designability. In the building board, an impregnated coating film, an aqueous coating film, a solvent-based clear coating film and a top clear coating film are formed, in this order, on a surface of a base member. The aqueous coating film is formed of a synthetic resin and a fireproofing agent; the top clear coating film is formed of a UV-curable type resin and a fireproofing agent; the amount of fireproofing agent in the aqueous coating film is 10 to 50 wt % with respect to the solids of the aqueous coating film; the amount of the fireproofing agent in the top clear coating film is 5 to 20 wt % with respect to the solids of top clear coating film; and the total calorific value measured in accordance with ISO 5660, for 20 minutes using a cone calorimeter, is smaller than 8 MJ/m2.
    Type: Grant
    Filed: October 26, 2010
    Date of Patent: April 16, 2013
    Assignee: Nichiha Corporation
    Inventors: Syouzou Ohno, Yoshinori Hibino